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MARK SCHEME
TERM 2 STPM TRIAL EXAM 2013

950/2
STPM 2013
MATHEMATICS (M)
PAPER 2
2

Section A
1. The electricity bills (in RM) of 60 houses in a town for a certain month are summarized in
the table below
Electricity bill (in RM) Number of houses
60 < x s 80 3
80 < x s 100 10
100 < x s 120 14
120 < x s 140 20
140 < x s 160 9
160 < x s 200 4
(a) Display the data on a histogram. [3 marks]
(b) Calculate the mean and mode of the electricity bills. [4 marks]
(c) Hence, comment on the type of distribution displayed by the data. [2 marks]

|
60
|
80
|
100
|
120
|
140
|
160
|
180
|
200
Electricity Bills (RM)
Frequency
5
10
15
20
D1 Uniform scale,
axes labelled correctly
D1 Correct bar height
D1 Correct boundaries used
3

(b)
Electricity bill (in RM) Midpt,m f fm
60 < x s 80 70 3 210
80 < x s 100 90 10 900
100 < x s 120 110 14 1540
120 < x s 140 130 20 2600
140 < x s 160 150 9 1350
160 < x s 200 180 4 720
Total 60 7320

Mean
7320
122
60
RM = = M1A1

Modal Class = 120 < x s 140
Mode
1
1 2
6
120 20 127.06
6 11
d
L c RM
d d
| |
| |
= + = + =
| |
+ +
\ .
\ .
M1 A1
(c) Negatively skewed. B1
since mean < mode OR mean mode = -5.06 < 0 B1

2. A survey was carried out among the Form 6 students in a school. The percentage of
students studying Economics and Mathematics are 25% and 50% respectively. Out of
those studying Economics, 60% of them are studying Mathematics.
A student is selected at random. Find the probability that
(a) the student is studying both Mathematics and Economics [4 marks]
(b) the students is studying Economics but not Mathematics. [3 marks]
Scheme
Let E = Event of getting a student studying Economics
M = Event of getting a student studying Mathematics

(a) Given P(E) = 0.25 , P(M) = 0.50 and P(M|E) =0.60

( ) ( ) ( ) | P M E P M E P E =
= 0.60 0.25
= 0.15 M1 A1
(b) ( ) ( ) ( ) ' P E P E M P E M = +
( ) ( ) 0.15 P E M P M E = =
( ) ( ) ( ) ' P E M P E P E M = B1 or equivalent
= 0.25 0.15 M1
= 0.1 A1

B1 Stating the probabilities correctly
OR can be seen in tree diagram
B1 Writing the correct
mathematical statement
4

3. A discrete random variable X has the following probability distribution function
( )
, 2, 1
2
1
, 1, 2
12
0 ,
m
x
x
x
f x x
otherwise

+
= =

(a) Find the value of m. [2 marks]
(b) Find Var (X) [4 marks]
(d) If Y = 2X + 3, calculate the standard deviation of Y [3 marks]
Scheme
(a)
1 1 1 2
1
2 2 1 2 12 12
m m + +
+ + + =

M1

1 1
1
4 3 6 4
7 5
1
12 12
m m
m
+ + + =
=

1 m = A1

(b)
x -2 -1 1 2
f(x)
1
4

1
3

1
6

1
4

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1 1 1 1 1
2 1 1 2
4 3 6 4 6
E X xf x
| | | | | | | |
= = + + + =
| | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .

B1

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
2 2
1 1 1 1 5
2 1 1 2
4 3 6 4 2
E X x f x
| | | | | | | |
= = + + + =
| | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .

B1
( ) ( ) ( )
2
2
Var X E X E X = (

2
5 1 17 89
2 // // 2.472
2 6 36 36
| |
= =
|
\ .
M1A1
(c ) Y = 2X + 3
Var Y = 2
2
Var (X)
89 89
4
36 9
| |
= =
|
\ .
M1
Std. Dev of Y
89
3.145
9
= = M1A1

5

4. The marks for Paper 1, x, and Paper 2, y , of a Statistics test obtained by eight students are
summarized as follows.
423 x =

, 470 y =

,
2
24479 x =

,
2
29450 y =

and 26520 xy =

Calculate
(a) the Pearsons correlation coefficient and comment on your answer. [3 marks]
(b) the coefficient of determination and explain briefly on the result obtained. [2 marks]
Scheme
(a)
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
n xy x y
r
n x x n y y

=

( ) ( )( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 2
8 26520 423 470
8 24479 423 8 29450 470
r

=

=0.8469 M1A1
There is a definite positive correlation between the marks obtained for Paper 1and Paper 2.
Student with high marks in Paper 1 is most likely to have high marks in Paper 2. B1

(b) Coefficient of determination = r
2
= 0.7172 A1
The proportion of change in the Paper 2 marks that is attributable to the
Paper 1 marks is 71.72% B1

5. The following table shows the price per unit and the total sales of three brands of
electrical products sold by an electrical company.

Electrical Item

Prices per unit(RM) Total Sale ( RM 10
3
)
2008 2010 2008 2010
X 80 85 24.8 24.65
Y 150 156 63.0 71.76
Z 1350 1420 243.0 305.30
(a) By using 2008 as the base year, calculate the Laspeyres quantity index and Paasche
price index for the year 2010 [5 marks]
(b) State with reasons whether price index or quantity index gives a clearer picture on
the growth of the electrical company. [2 marks]
Scheme

Electrical
Item
Prices per unit(RM) Total Sale ( RM 10
3
)
q
0
q
n

2008, p
0
2010, p
n
2008, p
0
q
0
2010, p
n
q
n

X 80 85 24.8 24.65 310 290
Y 150 156 63.0 71.76 420 460
Z 1350 1420 243.0 305.30 180 215
B1 values of q
0
and q
n

Laspeyres quantity index
0
0 0
100
n
p
p
q
q
=

( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
290 80 460 150 215 1350
100
310 80 420 150 180 1350
115.61
+ +
=
+ +
=

M1A1

6

Paasche price index
0
100
n n
n
q
q
p
p
=

( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
3
85 290 156 460 1420 215 24.65 71.76 305.30 10
100 100
80 290 150 460 1350 215 80 290 150 460 1350 215
OR
+ + + +
=
+ + + +

105.04 = M1 A1
Quantity index gives a clearer picture on the growth of the electrical company since it
enable comparison to be made by fixing the price (weights) in 2008 B1B1

6. The following data shows the number of tourist in the years 2008, 2009 and 2010
Year 2008 2009 2010
Quarter 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
Number of tourist
(Thousands)
25 46 37 24 30 53 40 29 37 58 45 36
(a) Plot the time series and comment on the appropriateness of a linear trend. [4 marks]
(b) Find the seasonal variation for each quarter by using the additive model. [4 marks]
Scheme

Year
Number of
tourist (000)
20

40
60
x
|
Q1
2008
|
Q2
|
Q4
|
Q3
|
Q1
2009
|
Q2
|
Q4
|
Q3
|
Q1
2010
|
Q2
|
Q4
|
Q3
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
D1 Uniform scale,
axes labelled correctly
D1 All points plotted correctly
D1 Straight lines joining all the points
Linear trend is appropriate for the given time series
data because there is a clear increasing trend. B1
7

Year

Quarter
Number of
Tourist
Y
Centred 4-quarter
moving average
(T)
Y - T
2008
1 25
2 46
3 37 33.625 3.375
4 24 35.125 -11.125
2009
1
30 36.375 -6.375
2
53 37.375 15.625
3 40 38.875 1.125
4 29 40.375 -11.375
2010
1
37 41.625 -4.625
2
58 43.125 14.875
3 45
4 36

Year
Quarter
1 2 3 4
2008 - - 3.375 -11.125
2009 -6.375 15.625 1.125 -11.375
2010 -4.625 14.875 - -
Total -11.00 30.50 4.50 -22.50

Mean -5.50 15.25 2.25 -11.25 0.075
() Adjustment 0.1875 0.1875 0.1875 0.1875

Seasonal Variation
-5.6875 15.0625 2.0625 -11.4375 0

M1: Find the 4-centred moving average
M1: Find the mean
A1: Correct values of the seasonal variation
8

Section B
7. Box X contains 4 blue marbles, 2 red marbles and 6 green marbles. Box Y contains
3 blue marbles and 2 green marbles.
A game is played that involves rolling a fair die followed by drawing a marble from either
box X or box Y. If the number shown on the die is greater than 4, then a marble is drawn
from box X, and if otherwise, a marble is drawn from box Y.
(a) Find the probability that
(i) a blue marble is drawn
(ii) the number shown on the die is greater than 4 given that a blue marble is drawn.
(iii) a blue or a red marble is drawn. [10 marks]
(b) The same game is played but with two marbles drawn from either box X or box Y.
Find the probability that both marbles are blue if the first marble is drawn
(i) with replacement
(ii) without replacement. [5 marks]
Scheme
Let F = Event that the outcomes of rolling a fair die is greater than 4
F= Event that the outcomes of rolling a fair die is less than or equal to 4

(a)

(i) P(B) = P(FB) + P(FB) B1 (ii) ( )
( )
( )
|
P F B
P F B
P B

= B1
=
2 4 4 3
6 12 6 5
+ M1
2 4
6 12
23
45

= M1

23
// 0.5111
45
= A1
5
23
= A1
(iii ) ( ) ( ) ( ) P B R P B P R = + B1

23 2 2
45 6 12
= +
M1

17
30
=
A1

F
F
2
6

4
6

B
R
G
4
12

2
12

6
12

B
G
3
5
2
5

B1 Tree diagram
with correct
probabilities
(can be implied)
9

(b)(i)

( ) ( ) ( ) 2 ' P Blues P F B B P F B B = +

2 4 4 4 3 3
6 12 12 6 5 5
= + M1

187
675
= A1

(ii)

( ) ( ) ( ) 2 ' P Blues P F B B P F B B = +

2 4 3 4 3 2
6 12 11 6 5 4
= + M1

38
165
= A1

B1 Tree diagram
with correct
probabilities
(can be implied)
F
2
6

4
6

F
B
R
G
4
12

2
12

6
12
B
G
3
5

2
5

B
R
G
4
12

2
12

6
12

B
G
3
5

2
5

F
2
6

4
6

F
B
R
G
4
12

2
12

6
12

B
G
3
5

2
5

B
R
G
3
11

B
G
2
4

10

8. The table shows the advertising expenses and sales revenues of a company selling
computers for the first seven months of 2009.

(a) Plot a scatter diagram for the above data. [2 marks]
(b) Find the equation of the least square regression line y = a + bx , where a and b are
constants. Interpret the regression coefficient, b, obtained. [7 marks]
(c) Estimate the sale revenue when RM 5.6 million is spent advertising [2 marks]
(d) Determine the Spearmans coefficient of rank correlation between the advertising
Scheme

(RM million), x
3 6 5 4 6 10 9
Sales Revenue
(RM million), y
18 20 21 25 26 28 29
(RM million)

Sales Revenues,y
(RM million)
10

20

30

40

x
|
8
|
2
|
4
|
6
|
10
0
x
x
x
x
x
x
D1 Uniform scale, axes labelled
D1 Point plotted correctly
11

x y x
2
xy
3 18 9 54
6 20 36 120
5 21 25 105
4 25 16 100
6 26 36 156
10 28 100 280
9 29 81 261
43 x =

167 y =

2
303 x =

1076 xy =

B1 - both B1 B1

( ) ( )( )
( ) ( )
2
7 1076 43 167
1.2904
7 303 43
b

= =

M1

167 43
1.2904 15.9304
7 7
a
| |
= =
|
\ .
M1

15.9304 1.2904 y x = + A1

The value of regression b indicates that the sales revenue is expected to increase by
RM 1.2904 million for every RM one million spend in advertising. B1

(c ) When x = 5.6 , ( ) 15.9304 1.2904 5.6 23.15664 y = + = M1
The sales revenue is RM 23.16 million A1

(d)
x Rank y Rank d d
2
3 7 18 7 0 0
6 3.5 20 6 -2.5 6.25
5 5 21 5 0 0
4 6 25 4 2 4
6 3.5 26 3 0.5 0.25
10 1 28 2 -1 1
9 2 29 1 1 1

2
12.5 d =

B1 both ranks B1

( )
( )
2
6 12.5
1 0.7768
7 7 1
s
r = =

A1
A definite positive correlation. Increase in advertising expenses will definitely result in an
increase in sales revenues. B1