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Swine waste management through Kyusei nature farming and EM

Sangsoo Sun, Byungjin Ahn, Kyuho Myung, Kwanghyun Kim
Department of Animal Science, Institute of Biotechnology, Chonnam National University, Kwangju, 500-757 Korea. Tel: +82-62-530-2125, fax:+82-62-530-2129, e-mail : sssun@ chonnam.ac.kr

Abstract Ten swine farms were installed waste management system. Farm size was different from 200 to 3,000 pigs. Pigs were managed fully automated system. Treatments were made with 2 x 3 Lartin square arrangements. Two seasonal effects were hot summer (25 - 35 C) and cold winter (10 - -15 C). Three EM levels were 1:1,000, 1:5,000, 1:10,000 dilution directly into waste fermentation tanks. We found that heavy foams were created during mid-day of hot summer in all EM treatment levels. However, the severeness was diminished in low dilution rate. Aeration and spray were help to reduce foam formation during this period. During winter, the fermentation was not proceeded and then the waste remained several month. Therefore, heating system was help fermentation process. In order to optimize waste treatment system, the solids materials were screened and then relative liquid type waste was input into fermentation system. The fermentation was best condition with screening method in all levels of EM treatment during summer time. In conclusion, pig waste was completely fermentable with EM treatment with liquid type manure and the optimum condition should be adjusted by environmental temperature and farm size. Keywords : swine, waste management, EM, Kyusei nature farming Introduction Of fensive ordour from swine farm is a source of water polution and environmental contamination. This ordour is mainly ammonia and sulphate gas. In order to reduce the smell, available materials are aromatic oil mix, sarsaponin, sphagnum peat moss, and other chemicals. Animal waste is produced 115,000m3 every day in Korea. Waste is reutlized as an compost and spray in the field. Waste management system is continuous fermentation process with aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. Fermented final liquid will be recycled for pig barn floor cleaning by Kyusei Nature Farming system. Effective microorganism (EM) has been widely used for agriculture natural farming. EM improves soil microbial activity and their characteristics for the plants. EM contains many different microorganisms, which are naturally occurring in ground. When they spray in the barn or manure, pathogenic microbes and odor are significantly reduced. Dried yeast (Saccharomyces boulardii) supplement (0.1% and 10%) were significantly reduced salmonella. Sun et al., (1998) reported that EM-Bokashi supplementation reduced ammonia production. Anjum et al., (1998) reported that EMBokashi supplementation significantly decreased pathogen population in chicks. The objectives of this study were to manage swine waste by EM and Kyusei nature farming. Materials and methods Ten pig farms were installed waste management system (table 1). Farm size was different from 200 to 3,000 pigs. Pigs were managed fully automated system. Treatments were made with 2 x 3 Lartin square arrangements. Two seasonal effects were hot summer (25 - 35C) and cold winter (10 - -15C). Three EM levels were 1:1,000, 1:5,000, 1:10,000 dilution directly into waste fermentation tanks. Waste was collected from input and output flow of management system and then analyzed BOD, COD, N, and P content.

Table 2. Automatic swine waste management system.7kW 1.5kW 1.7kW 0.4kW 3. In order to improve aerobic fermentation. 1 Operation automatic swine waste management system.4kW 0. N. the severeness was diminished in low dilution rate. Nitrogen and P content were also significantly reduced by the treatment (P<0.Table 1. sedimentation. BOD. Fig. aeration. However.5xL3. aeration 0. The final outflow is sutable for cleaning floor.01). (1998) report which EM-Bokashi supplementation reduced ammonia production. airation pumps were installed and continuously operated. and P content from swine waste management with different EM . Size (m) Capacity Storage 1 W2.5xL2xD2 10 m3 Power 1.5 x L6 x D2 30 m3 Ferment+Aeration W4xL6xD2 48 m3 Ferment W4xL6xD2. and storage tanks.5xL2xD2)x3 18 m3 Storage2 W2. This results were consistent with Sun et al.9m /min 48 m3 Aeration 2 ∅1500xH1xSOS304 Sediment (W4. spray 0.5xD2 14 m3 Compost W2.5kW Material Contrete Contrete Contrete Contrete Stainless Contrete Contrete Contrete Results and discussion Waste management system was developed local company based on Kyusei Nature Farming method (fig 1). Spray pumps were equiped 30-100cm above liquid level in order to reduce foam formation. BOD and COD content were significantly decreased by EM treatment in all dilution rates (P<0.1m3/min 48 m3 3 Aeration 1 W4xL6xD2.01).5kW 0. Aeration and spray were help to reduce foam formation during this period. This system was operated automatically for 24 hrs with time interval in each step. COD. We found that heavy foams were created during mid-day of hot summer in all EM treatment levels (table 2). The system consisted with storage.. fermentation.

Park. Sahm. Bali. Bali.000 1:5. In conclusion. In Anaerobic digestion : A Waste Treatment Technology.R.B. BOD and COD were diminished. (1989). and P content from swine waste management with different Em dilution during winter (ppm) Control 1:1.H. pig waste was completely fermentable with EM treatment with liquid type manure and the optimum condition should be adjusted by environmental temperature and farm size.250 2.000 5.134 1. References Archer.a case control field study.000 1:10.071 1.289 COD 5. London. heating system was help fermentation process. and Krisop.204 1. Therefore.419 33.736 893 1. Biotech.441 Conclusions Pig waste was completely fermentable with EM treatment with liquid type manure and the optimum condition should be adjusted by environmental temperature and farm size. UK Anjum.190 28. but the level was not high for reutlization.857 P 1. The microbes were not active for fermentation due to cold environment (10 . the solids materials were screened and then relative liquid type waste was input into fermentation system. The microbiology and control of anaerobic digestion.dilution during summer (ppm) Control BOD 43. 1991).. S. Probiotics in man and animals.000 7. K.M. Fuller. . Applied Bacteriol 66:365-378. EM-Bokashi supplements enhance productivity of poultry layers. COD. A. BOD.280 N 1. (1998). D. (1984).850 18. Eng..206 N 2.000 BOD 32.000 12.420 24. Use of effective microorganism in poultry layers .H. H.218 35. Biochem.S.626 1. Elsvier Applied Science. The fermentation was best condition with screening method in all levels of EM treatment during summer time. Anaerobic wastewater treatment. In order to optimize waste treatment system. (1998).430 240 147 482 1:10. Indonasia. (1991).780 P 1.491 753 367 820 During winter . 29:84-115 Sun. R. and Lee.-15C). J. Adv.418 COD 4. S.410 43 43 323 1:5.122 1:1. Sahm (1984) reported that anaerobic wastewater treatment should be optimized temperature for microbial activity (Archer and Krisop. Table 3. Indonasia. 7th Conference on the Technology of EM. ED. the fermentation was proceeded a little and then the waste remained several months in system. B. 7th Conference on the Technology of EM. N.