Refining Valve Application Guide

Engineered Solutions for the Refining Industry

Valves for Refining

Catalyst particulates and harsh solids are easily handled by MOGAS Valves. This valve was checked as part of a routine maintenance program and then was put back into service.

This large bore 24-inch metal seated ball valve was one of several chosen for a tar sands upgrade project. Ability to meet the stringent deadline was crucial to the success of the start-up.

Located at the top of a major refinery, these MOGAS valves were chosen for their performance and low maintenance. Due to their location, reliability was a critical part of the installation decision.

Industry Codes & Standards
The following industry codes and standards are referenced in the manufacturing of MOGAS valves: ASTM, CRN, DIN, ATEX, FCI, ISA, ISO, NBBI, PED, GOST-R, TUV, TA-Luft
ASME B16.5 B16.10 B16.11 B16.25 B16.34 FCI 70-2 MSS SP-25 SP-55 SP-61 Title Steel Pipe Flanges & Flanged Fittings Face to Face & End to End Dimensions of Valves Forged Fittings Socket Welding and Threaded Butt-welding Ends Valve – Flanged, Threaded & Welded End Control Valve Seat Leakage Title Standard Marking System for Valves, Flanges & Unions Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges & Fittings Pressure Testing of Steel Valves British Standard BS 6755 NACE MR-0103 Title Materials Resistant to Sulfide Stress Cracking in Corrosive Petroleum Refining Environments Title Testing of Valves Part 1 – Specification for Production Pressure Testing Requirements Part 2 – Specification for Fire Type Testing Requirements API 598 607 / 6A Title Valve Inspection & Test Fire Test for Quarter Turn Valves

Refining Valve Application Guide

© Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries, Inc. www.mogas.com

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www. along with the emergence of low sulfur fuel specifications. These changes. viscous and coking / asphaltene applications. corrosive. Dependable Service.com Refining Valve Application Guide 3 . from the methods of processing to the length of time that they operate their process units. Inc. NAPHTHA 3 REFORMING H2 1 ATMOSPHERIC DISTILLATION GASOLINE 5 HYDROTREATING MOGAS DIESEL 5 HYDROTREATING DIESEL AGO 5 HYDROTREATING LVGO 4 FCCU MOGAS 6 HYDROCRACKING KEROSENE JET FUEL LUBE OILS HVGO CATALYTIC DEWAXING & FINISHING OXYGEN PLANT GASIFICATION CRUDE DESALTER VACUUM DISTILLATION AR 2 6 HYDROGEN POWER STEAM OFF-GAS NAPTHA. The refining industry has undergone many changes. the requirement to process lower grade crude and the need to convert more bottom-of-the-barrel residuals.mogas. MOGAS. high pressure. MOGAS. Engineering Expertise. MOGAS has responded to these challenges by developing a combination of diverse trim configurations and high quality coatings for use in high temperature. erosive. MIDDLE DISTILLATES ASPHALT 11 8 COKING CGO 9 VISBREAKING VR 5 7 RESIDUAL HYDROTREATING 4 RFCCU MOGAS AROMATICS RESIDUAL EB HYDROCRACKING DSFO 10 SOLVENT DEASPHALTING DAO ASPHALT Table of Contents Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 Process Atmospheric Distillation Vacuum Distillation Continuous Catalytic Reforming Fluidized Catalytic Cracking (FCCU or RFCCU) Fixed Bed Hydrotreating Fixed Bed Hydrocracking Page 10 11 12 – 13 14 – 15 16 17 Item 7 8 9 10 11 — Process Ebullated Bed Hydrocracking Delayed Coking Visbreaking Deasphalting Gasification Service and Repair Page 18 – 19 20 21 22 23 24 – 25 © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. DIESEL NAPTHA.MOGAS — Your Partner in the Process Proven Reliability. has put an extreme demand on isolation and control valves. Unreliable and unpredictable valves in emergency situations can cause enormous monetary losses and have devastating consequences for personnel.

mogas. www.com 4 . flow path is interrupted causing volumetric displacement of the process fluid which must occur from behind the plug back into the flowstream Multi-turn rising stems can pull destructive catalyst and pipe scale up through the interior diameter of packing area leading to possible hazardous atmospheric leaks A sliding stem valve will not provide the length of service life or number of cycles due to the stem moving through the packing box along with the process fluid Straight-through bore path Gate Valve Disadvantages Vertical rising stem creates continuous wear deterioration and friction to packing area Globe Valve Disadvantages Vertical rising stem creates continuous wear deterioration and friction to packing area Body cavity exposed to solids Turbulent and interrupted flow path Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. Inc.Ball Valve Advantages Compared to Gate and Globe Valves Ball Valve Advantages Quick quarter-turn operation with smooth rotational movement Ball Valve Pressure assisted sealing Recessed seats are protected from continual exposure to the process flow Ball is wiped clean with each operation of the valve Rotates on own axis thus no volumetric displacement Packing area is protected from potential particulate erosion Non-rising stem design meets EPA VOC packing leakage standards for greater number of cycles Globe Valve Relies on vertical thrust by the stem to drive the sealing plug into the seat Sealing components in the line of flow leading to erosion Geometry of the exposed sealing surface wears and loses the ability to hold tight seal Gate Valve Torque seated to activate seal — thermal cycling relaxes stem Erosion of sealing surfaces due to exposure of the seats when the valve is open Sealing trough / rib erodes over time and can capture flow particles When operated.

mogas. WCC. This often simplifies or eliminates the number of valves needed. When diverting the flowstream in different directions or to different locations. F9. Inc. C12. MOGAS works closely with clients to ensure the demanding automation needs for their severe service valves are successfully achieved. CF8M. www. Trim RotaryTECH™ End Size (Inches) 2 – 36 ASME Class Description 150 – 4500 Basic flow control for low ΔP applications Regulation of volumetric media Characterized flow options 150 – 2500 Complex flow control for high ΔP applications Velocity control Mitigate cavitation Manage flashing Noise abatement Smaller dimensional envelope than standard gate or globe control valves FlexStream® 2 – 36 Body Materials: A105. Unique bore sizes. Model CA-1AS / 2AS CA-HO1 CA-DRI RSVP End Size (Inches) 1 – 36 1/2 – 3 3 – 36 ASME Class 2500 Sealing Capabilities 150 – 4500 Uni-directional and bi-directional with metal sealing surfaces Uni-directional and bi-directional with metal sealing surfaces 150 – 2500 Uni-directional with metal sealing surfaces 1/2 – 2-1/2 600 – 4500 Uni-directional with metal sealing surfaces Rotary Control Valve Technologies A host valve body (normally floating ball or trunnion) is used to accommodate various internal control components. Examples Special Linkage (Dual valves. 347H.com Refining Valve Application Guide 5 . a dependable no leak through. BW. maintenance and manufacturing. fit mechanical dimensions and honor deadlines. maintain process integrity. MOGAS has been in the business for over 35 years engineering and fabricating that one exclusive valve that is a non-standard crucial component for your operating system. operations. Quad Valves) 3. F316H. Dimensional sizing constraints often limit commodity valves. absolute shutoff diverter valve is crucial. drain or vent service involving high pressure and / or high temperature. F5. © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. SW or customer specification MAX-Series for Customized Solutions These valves are engineered for unique operational requirements and involve strong collaboration between engineering.MOGAS Valve Selection Engineered Solutions for the Refining Industry Quarter-Turn Isolation Technologies These valves are for on / off isolation. 321H. Special piping or process requirements often create operational challenges for severe service valves. Clamp. 4 or 5-Way Diverter Valves Special Automation Unique Bore or Inlet / Outlet Sizing One-of-a-Kind Description These valve configurations may involve multiple severe service valves that need to operate in a specific sequence or operate in such a manner that some are automatically closed when others are opened. RTJ. high cycling or even dimensional requirements will call for a unique automation package. MOGAS has been able to offer uniquely fabricated and manufactured ball valves that meet operational specifications. The ability to handle a rotary operated stream separation is critical to the reliability of the process as well as the safety of the plant. Incoloy® 800H Spray & Fused End Connections Available: RFF. different end connections and special trim materials are easily accomplished through our engineered products group. Custom requests are part of our legacy. All MAX-Series valves are in compliance with industry standards and codes. Often rapid operation. 304H Standard Trims: 410 HVOF CCC & 316 HVOF CCC / Spray & Fused Special Trims: Inconel® 718 Spray & Fused.

Quarter-Turn Isolation Technologies C-Series Dependable Isolation • • • • • • • • • Uni.or bi-directional sealing Blowout proof stem Two-piece forged body ASME 150 – 4500 Class Sizes: 1/2 – 36 inch Fire tested to API-607 rev.com 6 . Inc. www. provides constant mechanical force for sealing Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. assisted by line pressure.mogas. 4 Floating ball design Coated metal sealing surfaces Seats protected in open position CA-DRI Reliable Service • • • • • • • • • Uni-directional sealing Upstream seat prevents build-up ASME 300 – 2500 Class Sizes: 2 – 36 inch Coated metal sealing surfaces Quarter-turn non-rising stem does not deteriorate packing Sealing surfaces not exposed to flow stream Recommended in heavy coking or solids handling media Reverse pressure seat stops RSVP Innovation by Design • • • • • • Mechanical precision stop Forged uni-body design ASME 600 – 4500 Limited Class Sizes: 3/4 – 2-1/2 inch Live loading of stem packing Seat spring.

the DS technology provides an excellent quarter-turn throttling trim for the C-Series and RSVP lines. © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. www. When added to a valve assembly. The Diffusion Seat (DS) consists of a number of drilled holes that are engineered within the seats. multi-phase fluids and liquids High ΔP applications Multi-stage letdown Limits velocity and vibration Eliminates cavitation Reduces noise Reduces flashing erosion Often smaller dimensional envelope than a traditional control valve • Greater Cv per inch compared to competition FlexStream VC FlexStream DS The Velocity Control (VC) technology utilizes a torturous path design which provides up to 36 stages of pressure letdown and 35 dBA of noise reduction.Rotary Control Technologies RotaryTECH™ Superior Solids Handling • • • • Controls flow of solids and slurries Low ΔP applications Regulation of volumetric media Characterized flow options FlexStream® Unprecedented Flexibility • • • • • • • • Controls pressure of gases. Inc.com Refining Valve Application Guide 7 .mogas. while being able to deliver a far greater rate of Cv than a linear valve of the same size.

Economical.com 8 . 3 6 4 7 5 1 2 8 Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. Inc.mogas.Features and Benefits of MOGAS Valves for Refining 1 Matched ball and seat sets • Two-sided seat lapping delivers outstanding seal performance • Each ball and seat set are “blued” to verify continual contact is achieved across entire seat face • Oversized spheres allow slight over travel. which reduces wear and can accommodate misaligned actuator stops • Seating surfaces are protected from erosion in the fully-opened position 2 Crucial metal seats • Sharp leading edge design of seat ring “wipes” sealing surface each time valve is operated • Proprietary MOGAS reverse seat geometry minimizes the effect of solid build-up on the sealing surface 3 Oversized stems • MOGAS provides oversized stems to accommodate torque increases that can happen over time. www. under-designed stems can cause significant operational problems with frequent use and catalyst build-up.

which is metallurgicallybonded. stem and the inner stem seals 8 Body gaskets • ASME 150 – 1500 class valves use an Inconel spiral-wound gasket with impregnated Grafoil® • ASME 2500 class valves and above use a pressure energized Inconel metal gold-plated delta ring gasket (see drawing) Delta ring gasket Rugged application-specific materials • Heavy coking streams where EOR torque increases significantly over SOR torque require the selection of higher strength materials to prevent stem slot deformities 6 Stem support bushing • Secondary stem bearing guide eliminates movement and packing deformation caused by side-loading of stem by the actuator • The stem support bushing. and HVOF.4 Standard live-loaded packing • Live loads of stem packing gland ensures constant packing energization. MOGAS heavy duty mounting brackets are first welded or bolted into place then machined for precise alignment • Alignment surface is both square with and centered over the stem.com Refining Valve Application Guide 9 . even after several thermal cycles • Packing design meets EPA VOC emissions standards 7 Sturdy mounting bracket • To properly support actuator weight. provides a dual guiding system which prevents lateral movement of the valve stem Withstands thermal shock • Sufficient clearance is designed between seat back and seat pocket to ensure that valves remain fully operable (will not bind or seize). in combination with the double inner stem seals. Inc. which is mechanically-bonded 5 Pressure-energized inner stem seal • Two hard coated and lapped metal thrust bearings serve as both a pressure-energized inner stem seal and stem guide • Bearings prevent migration of media into the packing box • Lapped surfaces provide tight seal in combination with line pressure exerting additional vertical force • Dual coated inner stem seals prevent galling between body.mogas. promoting proper stem and stem bushing alignment Features Not Shown Reliable coating • Use of identical base materials ensures thermal growth properties are consistent for the ball and seat • Coatings on ball and seats have compatible thermal growth rates to prevent bond failure • Rounded ball bore edges eliminate risk of coating spalling • Two types of coatings — spray and fused. even when subjected to sudden swings in temperatures Repairability • Two easy to replace seats minimize the repair cost (welding. recoating) compared to the refurbishment of a complete integral seat end connection © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. www. remachining.

In a firerelated emergency.Distillation Atmospheric Distillation In atmospheric distillation. MOGAS has developed optional purge ports to assist with clearing excessive coke (see detail). Ball Upstream Seat Seat Purge Body Purge Typical operating conditions are: • High temperature (500 – 900° F / 260 – 480° C) • Coking service • Temperature cycling • Erosive conditions 4 2 3 5 ATM RESID PUMP AGO PUMP Valve Specification RotaryTech — — — — — FlexStream — — — — — CA-1AS CA-DRI — l l l l 1 2 3 4 5 Feed Isolation Atmospheric Bottoms EBV Atmospheric Bottoms Pump Isolation Atmospheric Gas Oil Stripper EBV Atmospheric Bottoms Exchanger Isolation 400 – 600 600 – 800 600 – 800 600 – 800 600 – 800 205 – 315 315 – 430 315 – 430 315 – 430 315 – 430 100 – 200 20 20 20 150 5 – 15 1 1 1 10 6 – 10 4–8 8 – 14 6 – 10 6 – 10 150 – 250 100 – 200 200 – 350 150 – 250 150 – 250 l l l l l Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. As a leading provider of critical service valves. this system isolates the tower and strippers—and the highly flammable product they contain—from the source of the fire. www. A refinery fire is always a dangerous event.mogas. MOGAS has worked with several oil companies to create a reliable emergency bottoms isolation system. This allows for the separation process to begin in the crude tower where several side streams are taken off at different boiling points. but a fire that reaches the large amounts of crude contained in the main tower and related side strippers can quickly go from dangerous to catastrophic. the pipe still process takes the raw desalted crude and heats it up in the crude furnace until it is partially vaporized.com 10 RSVP — — — — — Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn STRIPPER CRUDE FURNACE Recommended Model . 1 FEED PUMP ATM TOWER Optional body and seat purge ports can be added to assist with removing coke. The MOGAS solution has worked so reliably that some companies have incorporated it into their best practices design manual. One harmful characteristic of this process is heavy media build-up. Inc.

Vacuum Distillation The vacuum flasher provides a separation of atmospheric crude tower residue to produce heavy. In a firerelated emergency. Typical operating conditions are: • High temperature (500 – 900° F / 260 – 480° C) • Coking and heavy asphaltene service • Temperature cycling • Erosive conditions VAC TOWER 1 FEED PUMP VAC FURNACE 2 HVGO PUMP 3 4 5 VAC RESID PUMP Valve Specification RotaryTech — — — — — FlexStream — — — — — CA-1AS CA-DRI — l l l l 1 2 3 4 5 Feed Isolation Heavy Vacuum Gas Oil Pump EBV Vacuum Tower Bottoms EBV Vacuum Bottoms Pump Isolation Vacuum Bottoms Exchanger Isolation 400 – 800 400 – 800 700 – 900 700 – 900 700 – 900 205 – 430 205 – 430 370 – 480 370 – 480 370 – 480 100 – 200 0 – 20 0 – 20 0 – 20 150 5 – 15 0–1 0–1 0–1 10 6 – 10 4–8 8 – 14 6 – 10 6 – 10 150 – 250 100 – 200 200 – 350 150 – 250 150 – 250 l l l l l © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. A refinery fire is always a dangerous event. www.com Refining Valve Application Guide RSVP — — — — — Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn Recommended Model 11 . medium and light vacuum gas oil and non-distillable products such as vacuum residue. As a leading provider of critical service valves. MOGAS has worked with several oil companies to create a reliable emergency bottoms isolation system. Inc.mogas. this system isolates the tower and strippers—and the highly flammable product they contain—from the rest of the refinery. but a fire that reaches the large amounts of crude contained in the main tower and related side strippers can quickly go from dangerous to catastrophic. The MOGAS solution has become so reliable that some companies have incorporated it into their best practices design manual.

This licensor has specified MOGAS isolation valves in its Schedule A specification package.mogas.Reforming Continuous Catalytic Reforming (CCR) The CCR process is primarily used in the refinery to improve the research octane number (RON) of the motor gasoline pool. The leading licensor of this process has over 600 units installed globally. www. thus increasing the performance demands placed on the catalyst movement valves. It can also be configured for the production of aromatics for a petrochemical complex. Inc.com 12 . Hydrogen is a byproduct produced within this process and is utilized in other parts of the refinery. MOGAS has also developed a spring-loaded packing design to eliminate potential problem fires caused by hydrogen leakage within the process operating unit. These valves replaced another manufacturer’s design that lasted only two months. Typical operating conditions are: • High temperature (300 – 600° F / 149 – 320° C) • High cycle • High pressure / temperature hydrogen • Bi-directional shutoff in the presence of H2 • High pressure / temperature catalyst handling Installed between the lockhopper and lift engager at a major southwest refinery. which led to MOGAS being the preferred choice of the leading licensor of this process. 660 and work in unison with the inner bearing • Rigid mounting bracket and stem bushing designed to handle high cycling • Stem and bushing support eliminates radial stem movement and packing deformation caused by side loading of the stem by an actuator • Two piece inner stem seals function as a pressure energized seal and bearing preventing catalyst from entering the packing box • Stem alignment protects packing box. these 3-inch ASME 300 class metal seated isolation valves cycle at least three times an hour. Designed for Dependable Stem Performance • All CCR application stems are made of A638 Gr. keeping solids out — extending cycle life of the valve • All stem packing gland followers are live-loaded to ensure packing is constantly energized after both thermal and mechanical cycling Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. This process package has evolved from a semi-regenerative to a continuous process. The MOGAS valves have been operating for over eight months. MOGAS has developed spray coatings that can cycle up to 50. A catalytic dehydrogenation reaction converts paraffins into iso-paraffins and naphthenes into aromatics.000 times with no degradation in shutoff performance.

com Refining Valve Application Guide 13 F. www.mogas. 2) Manual Hydrogen Loading to Lockhopper 1 Manual Hydrogen Vent for Lockhopper 1 & 2 Manual Nitrogen Purge for Lockhopper 1 & 2 Manual Catalyst to Lift Engager 1 & 2 Automated Catalyst to Lift Engager 1 & 2 (qty. 2 N2 6 7 9 10 LIFT ENGAGER NO. 2) 400 – 700 Manual Pressure Balancing for Lockhopper / Lift Engager 2 400 – 700 © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries.W. 1 N2 8 16 8 9 10 7 LIFT GAS LIFT ENGAGER NO. resulting in high bond strengths which gives high cycle life to the valve design 4 5 LOCKHOPPER NO. 1 H2 13 14 15 LOCKHOPPER NO. Ltd. 2 COALESCER Valve Specification RotaryTech FlexStream — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — CA-DRI CA-1AS RSVP Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn Recommended Model 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Automated Reactor Overhead Purge Automated Reactor Overhead Regeneration Manual Standby Reduction Zone Purge Manual Reactor Bottoms Unloading Valve Automated Reactor Bottoms Unloading Valve (qty.DISENGAGING HOPPER 1 PLATFORMING REACTORS 2 AIR REGEN TOWER 3 11 CATALYST FUNNEL AIR 12 SURGE HOPPER Thermal spray and fuse coatings bond metallurgically to the surface of the ball. Inc. . Gartner Thermal Spraying. 2 each) Manual Air Valve to Regeneration Cooler Manual Air Valve to Surge Hopper Automated Fresh Catalyst Addition Manual Regen Catalyst Unloading from Surge Hopper 400 – 1000 400 – 1000 400 – 1000 400 – 1000 400 – 1000 400 – 700 400 – 700 400 – 700 400 – 700 400 – 700 400 – 700 400 – 700 200 – 300 400 – 700 205 – 540 205 – 540 205 – 540 205 – 540 205 – 540 205 – 370 205 – 370 205 – 370 205 – 370 205 – 370 205 – 370 205 – 370 95 – 150 205 – 370 205 – 370 205 – 370 300 – 800 300 – 800 300 – 800 300 – 800 300 – 800 300 – 700 300 – 700 300 – 700 300 – 700 300 – 700 300 – 700 300 – 700 300 – 500 300 – 700 300 – 700 300 – 700 20 – 55 20 – 55 20 – 55 20 – 55 20 – 55 20 – 50 20 – 50 20 – 50 20 – 50 20 – 50 20 – 50 20 – 50 20 – 35 20 – 50 20 – 50 20 – 50 1–8 1–8 1–8 1–8 1–8 1–8 1–8 1–8 1–8 1–8 6 6 2–8 6 6 6 25 – 200 25 – 200 25 – 200 25 – 200 25 – 200 25 – 200 25 – 200 25 – 200 25 – 200 25 – 200 150 150 50 – 200 150 150 150 l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Automated Regen Catalyst Unloading from Surge Hopper (qty.

MOGAS’ full-ported ball valves with special coatings have outperformed these designs lasting throughout the entire four. The conversion occurs in the presence of a catalyst that converts hydrotreated gas oils and fractionator bottoms into gasoline. FEED DRUM 13 TURBO EXPANDER 1 THIRD STAGE SEPARATOR COMPRESSOR 2 3 CATALYST STORAGE HOPPER REGENERATOR REACTOR FOURTH STAGE SEPARATOR FRACTIONATOR 10 8 11 12 Typical operating conditions are: • Ultra high temperature (800 – 1500° F / 420 – 820° C) • Coking service • Fine powdery catalyst handling • Polythionic acid corrosion • Erosive conditions 4 6 7 5 9 FEED PUMP FRAC BTM PUMP Valve Specification RotaryTech l 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Flue Gas Control Third Stage Separator Isolation Fourth Stage Separator Isolation Spent Catalyst Storage Hopper Isolation Feed Drum EBV Throttling Spent Catalyst Withdrawal Valve Spent Catalyst Withdrawal EBV Spent Catalyst Withdrawal Root Isolation Slurry Feed Isolation Frac Bottoms EBV Frac Tower Bottoms Filter Isolation Frac Bottoms Exchanger Isolation Wet Gas Compressor Surge Control Valves 800 – 1425 800 – 1425 500 – 1000 200 – 500 200 – 300 800 – 1425 800 – 1425 800 – 1425 200 – 300 500 – 850 500 – 850 500 – 850 100 – 200 420 – 770 420 – 770 260 – 540 100 – 260 100 – 150 420 – 770 420 – 770 420 – 770 100 – 150 260 – 450 260 – 450 260 – 450 40 – 100 30 30 30 ATM 50 30 30 30 100 50 150 150 30 – 200 2 2 2 ATM 5 2 2 2 5 5 10 10 2 – 15 1–4 4 – 10 6 – 12 4 – 10 6 – 12 2–6 2–8 2–8 6 – 10 8 – 20 6 – 12 4 – 10 10 – 20 25 – 100 100 – 250 150 – 300 100 – 250 150 – 300 50 – 150 50 – 200 50 – 200 150 – 250 200 – 500 150 – 300 100 – 250 250 – 500 — l — l l l — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — l — — l — — l l — l l l — — — — — — — — l l l — l l — — Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. MOGAS offers an intermittent / continuous purge system to remove the coke build-up from the seats and body cavities. www.mogas. In some cases the catalyst is carried over into the fractionator and is very erosive to gates and globe style valves.Fluidized Catalytic Cracking The Fluidized Catalytic Cracking (FCC) process is used for converting higher molecular weight hydrocarbons into valueadded products. C3 / C4 olefins and light cycle oils. Inc.com 14 FlexStream — — — — — — — — — — — — l CA-1AS CA-DRI RSVP Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn Recommended Model . In applications where heavy coking occurs.to five-year run times. MOGAS has developed valve designs to handle the powdery ultra high temperature catalyst fines present during the removal process from the regenerator.

during a fire situation the valve must close quickly and isolate to prevent the inventory from becoming a fire source. Frac Bottoms Isolation Valves Equipment Repairability and Emergency Shutdown Run time is absolutely critical to these high-profit units. The isolation valve must perform tight shutoff during the repair or cleaning of this redundant equipment. This CA-DRI 2-inch ASME 300 class isolation valve handles the withdrawal of hot spent catalyst from the regenerator. To avoid shutdown during the cleaning and repair of equipment. operators must be able to perform this function while the unit is online. This CA-DRI 8-inch ASME 300 class valve has been handling catalyst at 1425° F / 774° C for numerous years. It is the major isolation valve between the third stage and fourth stage cyclone separator. strainers and heat exchangers require frequent maintenance. resulting in enormous monetary fines to the refinery.com Refining Valve Application Guide 15 . This CA-1AS 6-inch ASME 300 class feed isolation valve is a critical part of the emergency shutdown system. © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries.mogas. Once the catalyst is spent. resulting in entrained catalyst in the flue gas system. If this inventory is not contained a volatile situation can turn into a catastrophe quickly causing millions of dollars worth of damage to the operating unit. so that fresh catalyst can be introduced to the unit. it must be removed from the process. Isolation valves in the spent catalyst line allow for removal of this catalyst. Inoperable valves cause spent catalyst levels to build in the regenerator. due to severe coke build-up. along with temperature control of downstream piping and equipment. These valves must perform two critical functions during the operation of the unit: leak-free isolation of the spent catalyst line and control of the spent catalyst removal rate. This cycle continues until the catalyst is spent. The equipment used to control the fractionation tower performance has been engineered with redundancy specifically in the bottoms circuit of the tower where pumps.Catalyst Handling Valves Effectively Managing Catalyst The FCC unit regenerator / reactor circulates catalyst and regenerates for reuse in the reactor. This can cause the FCC unit to exceed mandatory EPA particulate emissions. The automated isolation valves between the tower and this redundant equipment must perform two critical functions. Inc. Leaking isolation valves can cause waste of unspent catalyst affecting the performance of the unit and overheat the downstream piping and equipment resulting in failure of the piping system. Secondly. www.

Inc. Two licensors of fixed-bed hydrotreating process have developed unique methods of loading the guard reactors with fresh catalyst without taking the unit off-line. These guard reactor systems require catalyst withdraw and addition valves which MOGAS can provide. In heavy metal crude processing refineries.com 16 . gas oil and diesel streams.mogas. The catalyst in the guard reactor has to frequently be removed due to collection of heavy metals on the catalyst. GUARD REACTOR 1 2 2 3 3 GUARD REACTOR 2 4 RGC ABSORBER FLARE HEADER Typical operating conditions are: • High temperature (300 – 1000° F / 150 – 540° C) • High pressure (1000 – 3500 psig / 65 – 240 bar g) • High pressure / temperature hydrogen • Coking service • Asphaltene formation • Ammonium bisulfide corrosion • Viscous sludge • Hydrogen sulfide corrosion • High pressure / temperature catalyst handling • Polythionic acid corrosion 5 REACTOR 13 CHPS 7 HHPS 1 CHARGE HEATER FEED PUMP 9 10 11 STRIPPER 6 8 PUMP 12 Valve Specification RotaryTech — — — — — — — — — — — — — FlexStream — — — l CA-1AS CA-DRI — — — — — — — — l l l l 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Chopper Valve Guard Reactor Isolation / Catalyst Addition Guard Reactor Isolation / Catalyst Withdrawal Recycle Gas Compressor Surge Rich Amine Isolation Sour Water Isolation Cold High Pressure Separator Automated LCV Isolation Cold High Pressure Separator Manual LCV Isolation Hot High Pressure Separator Automated LCV Isolation Hot High Pressure Separator Manual LCV Isolation Stripper Bottoms EBV Stripper Bottoms Pump Isolation Unit Depressurization 400 – 600 800 – 1000 800 – 1000 150 – 200 200 200 200 200 800 – 900 800 – 900 500 – 850 500 – 850 200 200 – 320 420 – 540 420 – 540 60 – 100 100 100 100 100 420 – 480 420 – 480 260 – 460 260 – 460 100 3200 3200 3200 220 220 220 8 – 12 4 – 12 4 – 12 4–8 4 – 10 2–6 6 – 10 6 – 10 8 – 12 8 – 12 8 – 12 6 – 10 6 – 10 200 – 300 100 – 300 100 – 300 100 – 200 100 – 250 50 – 150 150 – 250 150 – 250 200 – 300 200 – 300 200 – 300 150 – 250 150 – 250 l l l 2000 – 3000 135 – 205 2000 – 3000 135 – 205 3200 2200 2200 2600 2600 50 150 2200 220 150 150 180 180 5 10 150 — l l l l l l l l RSVP — — — — — — — — — — — — — Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn Recommended Model — — — — — — — — l — — Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries.Hydroprocessing Fixed Bed Hydrotreating High pressures and temperatures are required to break the sulfur and nitrogen molecular bonds which occur in residual. a guard reactor system is typically put in place to prevent poisoning of the hydrotreating catalyst. www.

There are two distinct methods of hydrocracking processes — fixed and ebullated bed. Inc.mogas. www. 2 RGC ABSORBER FLARE HEADER 1 3 REACTORS 11 CHPS Typical operating conditions are: • High temperature (300 – 1000° F / 150 – 540° C) • High pressure (1000 – 3500 psig / 65 – 240 bar g) • High pressure / temperature hydrogen • Coking service • Asphaltene formation • Ammonium bisulfide corrosion • Viscous sludge • Hydrogen sulfide corrosion FEED PUMP HHPS 5 6 FRACTIONATOR 4 7 8 9 PUMP 10 Valve Specification RotaryTech — — — — — — — — — — — FlexStream — l CA-DRI — — — — — — l l l l 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Chopper Valve Recycle Gas Compressor Surge Rich Amine Isolation Sour Water Isolation Cold High Pressure Separator Automated LCV Isolation Cold High Pressure Separator Manual LCV Separation Hot High Pressure Separator Automated LCV Isolation Hot High Pressure Separator Manual LCV Separation Frac Bottoms EBV Frac Bottoms Pump Isolation Unit Depressurization 200 – 500 150 – 200 200 200 200 200 800 – 900 800 – 900 500 – 850 500 – 850 200 90 – 260 60 – 100 100 100 100 100 430 – 480 430 – 480 260 – 450 260 – 450 100 3200 220 8 – 12 4–8 4 – 10 2–6 6 – 10 6 – 10 8 – 12 8 – 12 8 – 16 6 – 10 6 – 10 200 – 300 100 – 200 100 – 250 50 – 150 150 – 250 150 – 250 200 – 300 200 – 300 200 – 400 150 – 250 150 – 250 CA-1AS l 2000 – 3000 135 – 205 2000 – 3000 135 – 205 2200 2200 2200 2600 2600 50 150 2200 150 150 150 180 180 5 10 150 — l l l l l l l l RSVP — — — — — — — — — — — Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn Recommended Model — — — — — — — — l — — © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. MOGAS has worked with several licensors of fixed-bed hydrocracking process technology to improve the performance of isolation applications in an attempt to make the overall process unit more reliable and safer to operate for the 600 to 700 operating process units throughout the world. Special trim and purging configurations for high pressure and temperature coking services along with the state-ofthe-art coatings are applied to make the MOGAS design the most reliable isolating design available. Therefore the run times are limited to approximately two years before catalyst performance is affected by coke build-up. The reactor will typically have multiple beds of catalyst.com Refining Valve Application Guide 17 . and the stream is then hydrogenated before cracking in the reactor. MOGAS has engineered valves for the most severe isolation services in the hydrocracking process.Fixed Bed Hydrocracking Hydrocracking is one of the leading processes for upgrading the bottom of the barrel residuals. The fixed bed hydrocracking process has the largest installed base of the two reactor types. This process charges the feedstock to high pressure and temperature. This catalyst cannot be removed as it is in the ebullated-bed process.

Ebullated Bed Hydrocracking Currently in 100 percent of the ebullated bed hydrocracking units throughout the world.mogas. performance record and continuous improvement has made MOGAS the preferred valve vendor for this process technology.com 18 RSVP — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn Recommended Model . www. Inc. MOGAS offers an intermittent / continuous purge system to remove excessive coke from the seats and body cavities. This experience. MOGAS has been working with the two ebullated bed hydrocracking technology licensors for over 20 years. In applications where heavy coke build-up occurs. FLARE HEADER 15 RGC 2 5 HHPS CHPS 9 10 11 12 FEED PUMP 4 REACTOR HYDROGEN HEATER 7 8 HIPS 1 3 6 13 14 FEED HEATER TO ATMOSPHERIC AND VACUUM DISTILLATION Valve Specification RotaryTech — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — FlexStream — — — — — — — — — — — — — — l CA-1AS CA-DRI — — l 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Chopper Valve Hydrogen Heater Inlet EBV Feed Heater Outlet EBV Hydrogen Heater Outlet EBV Reactor Catalyst Addition Reactor Catalyst Withdrawal Hot High Pressure Separator Automated LCV Isolation Hot High Pressure Separator Manual LCV Isolation Hot High Pressure Automated Overhead Vapor Isolation Hot High Pressure Manual Overhead Vapor Isolation Cold High Pressure Separator Automated LCV Isolation Cold High Pressure Separator Manual LCV Isolation Hot Intermediate Pressure Separator Automated LCV Isolation Hot Intermediate Pressure Separator Manual LCV Isolation Unit Depressurization 200 – 500 200 – 500 500 – 800 500 – 800 800 – 1000 800 – 1000 800 – 900 800 – 900 800 – 900 800 – 900 200 200 800 – 900 800 – 900 200 90 – 260 90 – 260 260 – 430 260 – 430 420 – 540 420 – 540 420 – 480 420 – 480 420 – 480 420 – 480 100 100 420 – 480 420 – 480 100 3200 3200 3200 3200 3200 3200 3700 3700 3700 3700 220 220 220 220 220 220 260 260 260 260 8 – 12 8 – 12 10 – 16 10 – 16 2–4 2–4 8 – 12 8 – 12 8 – 12 8 – 12 3 – 10 3 – 10 12 – 16 12 – 16 8 – 16 200 – 300 100 – 300 250 – 400 250 – 400 50 – 100 50 – 100 200 – 300 200 – 300 200 – 300 200 – 300 80 – 250 80 – 250 300 – 400 300 – 400 200 – 400 l l l l l l l l l l l l l l — — — l l l l 1000 – 2600 70 – 180 1000 – 2600 70 – 180 600 600 40 40 — — l l 1000 – 2600 70 – 180 — — Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. MOGAS has been involved in the development of coatings and valve designs that can operate in arduous duty service conditions with 100 percent reliability for the entire projected four to five year run time.

this large bore ASME 4500 class metal seated ball valve is installed on the outlets of the hydrogen heater.com Refining Valve Application Guide 19 .mogas. Low Pressure Side High Pressure Side Purge Type II Body Purge Purge Type I Seat Trickle Purge This clamped end CA-HO1 10-inch ASME 2500 class catalyst valve installed in 1995 is still in service at a major Italian refinery. Purge Type III Drain / Extract Line Variety of End Connections Available These 12-inch and 16-inch ASME 2500 class floating ball valves are installed at the letdown station of a European refinery responsible for producing 115. Inc.000 bpd.Optional Purging System Can Help Alleviate Coking Build-up • Reduces operating torques from SOR to EOR in critical isolation valves • Provides lubrication preventing excessive frictional forces on coating surface of ball and seats resulting in reduced repair costs • Keeps coke build-up on ball in a soft condition allowing for optimal cleaning by scraper seats • Proper sequencing allows for warm up avoiding temperature shock to control valves • Allows isolation of redundant line for safe repair of instruments and control valves • Eliminates coking in control valve station allowing for safe venting and draining of high pressure reactor effluent liquid and vapor Located in a frigid Scandinavian environment. © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. www.

MOGAS has taken data from the field to determine the exact amount of service duty that should be applied to actuator and valve stem sizing. This helps avoid valve and actuator failure from increased torque due to coke build-up. Several are beginning their second decade of service. As a continuous improvement to the company’s design. saving thousands of dollars annually in energy costs. Our floating ball design requires much less steam during purging operations than the typical trunnion designs. Inc.mogas. MOGAS’ simple floating ball design provides trouble-free operation in this heavy coking application.Thermal Cracking Delayed Coking Coking is a batch process that requires frequent operation of the isolation valve system during the coke drum switching operation. 3 This midwestern refinery has four 20-inch ASME 300 class MOGAS ball valves in overhead vapor service.com 20 . www. unlike complicated trunnion designs that provide several high tolerance areas for coke to build-up and cause torque to increase significantly from SOR to EOR of the unit. 1 1 2 1 1 12 2 COKE DRUM MAIN COKER FRACTIONATOR 3 CUTTING WATER PUMP COKE DRUM 7 Typical operating conditions are: • High temperature (500 – 900° F / 260 – 480° C) • Coking service • High cycle • Erosive conditions • Temperature cycling • High pressure water service • HP steam blowdown CUTTING WATER PUMP LCGO PUMP 5 4 8 HCGO PUMP 4 5 6 FURNACE CHARGE PUMP COKER FURNACE 11 9 Pipe Size 10 Valve Specification RotaryTech — — — — — — — — — — — FlexStream — l CA-1AS CA-DRI — l 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Overhead Vapor Steam Blowdown Control Cutting Water Pump Isolation Quench Extraction Coke Drum Feed Isolation Coke Drum Switching Valve1 Light Coker Gas Oil Pump EBV Heavy Coker Gas Oil Pump EBV Coke Filter Isolation Frac Bottoms EBV Furnace Feed Ring Valve 800 – 900 800 – 900 100 – 200 800 – 900 800 – 900 800 – 900 300 – 600 300 – 600 500 – 850 500 – 850 100 – 300 800 – 900 420 – 480 420 – 480 40 – 100 420 – 480 420 – 480 420 – 480 150 – 320 150 – 320 260 – 450 260 – 450 150 – 320 420 – 480 50 80 200 200 200 50 50 50 50 80 50 5 5 15 15 15 5 5 5 5 5 5 16 – 42 6 – 12 3–6 8 – 14 8 – 14 8 – 14 4 – 10 4 – 10 4 – 10 8 – 16 4 – 10 16 – 42 400 – 1050 150 – 300 80 – 150 200 – 350 200 – 350 200 – 350 100 – 250 100 – 250 100 – 250 200 – 400 100 – 250 400 –1500 1 l — l l l 2000 – 3000 135 – 205 — l l RSVP — — — — — — — — — — — Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Recommended Model inches dn — — — — — — — l — l l l l — — — l l — — — — — MAX-Series valve line — Page 5 Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries.

www. In applications where heavy coking occurs.Visbreaking The MOGAS C-Series valve. 4 3 SOAKER DRUM FRACTIONATOR Typical operating conditions are: • High temperature (500 – 900° F / 260 – 480° C) • Coking service • High cycle • Erosive conditions • Temperature cycling • High pressure water service • HP steam blowdown 1 FEED PUMP VISBREAK FURNACE 2 HVGO STRIPPER 7 5 6 8 FRAC BTMS PUMP HVGO PUMP Valve Specification RotaryTech — — — — — — — — FlexStream — — — — — — — — CA-1AS CA-DRI l l l l l l 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Feed Isolation Visbreaker Furnace Isolation Automated Soaker Drum Isolation Manual Soaker Drum Isolation Frac Tower Bottoms EBV Frac Bottoms Pump Isolation Heavy Vacuum Gas Oil Stripper EBV Frac Tower Bottom Heat Exchanger Isolation 300 – 600 600 – 800 600 – 800 600 – 800 600 – 800 600 – 800 600 – 800 600 – 800 150 – 315 315 – 430 315 – 430 315 – 430 315 – 430 315 – 430 315 – 430 315 – 430 100 – 250 100 – 250 100 – 250 100 – 250 30 – 75 30 – 75 30 – 75 30 – 75 5 – 20 5 – 20 5 – 20 5 – 20 2–5 2–5 2–5 2–5 4 – 12 4 – 12 4 – 12 4 – 12 4 – 12 4 – 12 4 – 12 4 – 12 100 – 300 100 – 300 100 – 300 100 – 300 100 – 300 100 – 300 100 – 300 100 – 300 — — — — — — l — l — © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. gives 100 percent reliability during the visbreaking process which reduces downtime significantly over gate designs. Inc.com Refining Valve Application Guide RSVP — — — — — — — — Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn Recommended Model 21 . MOGAS offers an intermittent / continuous purge system to remove the coke build-up.mogas. with its engineered trim configuration.

In applications where heavy asphaltene build-up occurs. Since asphaltene yields increase as operating temperatures increase.com 22 RSVP — — — — — — — — Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn Recommended Model . MOGAS offers an intermittent / continuous purge system to remove the asphaltene. It produces asphalt (asphaltenes. since asphaltenes that are removed have relatively low hydrogen-to-carbon (H:C) ratios. metals and sulphur from petroleum fractions. VR / AR FEED 1 • High temperature (500 – 900° F / 260 – 480° C) • Coking service • Temperature cycling • Erosive conditions 2 FEED PUMP SOLVENT RECIRC PUMP 3 5 DAO SEPARATOR Typical operating conditions are: ASPHALTENE SEPARATOR FEED MIXER SOLVENT SURGE DRUM SOLVENT RECIRC PUMP 6 4 ASPHALTENE STRIPPER DAO STRIPPER 8 ASPHALTENES DAO 7 Valve Specification RotaryTech — — — — — — — — FlexStream — — — — — — — — CA-1AS CA-DRI — — l l 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Feed Isolation Solvent Circulating Pump Isolation EBV for Asphaltene Separator Asphaltine Exchanger Isolation EBV for Solvent Surge Drum EBV for Deasphalted Oil Separator Asphaltine Stripper Isolation Deasphalted Oil Stripper Isolation 500 – 900 500 – 900 500 – 900 500 – 900 500 – 900 500 – 900 500 – 900 500 – 900 260 – 480 260 – 480 260 – 480 260 – 480 260 – 480 260 – 480 260 – 480 260 – 480 400 – 900 400 – 900 400 – 900 400 – 900 400 – 900 400 – 900 400 – 900 400 – 900 25 – 60 25 – 60 25 – 60 25 – 60 25 – 60 25 – 60 25 – 60 25 – 60 4 – 16 4 – 16 4 – 16 4 – 16 4 – 16 4 – 16 4 – 16 4 – 16 100 – 400 100 – 400 100 – 400 100 – 400 100 – 400 100 – 400 100 – 400 100 – 400 l l — — l l l — — — l — Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. www.Deasphalting Deasphalting is the process of removing asphalt. The MOGAS C-Series full-ported valve design can be used in all asphaltene and deasphalted oil services with 100 percent reliability. hard and soft resins) and deasphalted oil (DAO) as final products. Inc. Removing asphaltenes prevents coke build-up on catalyst in downstream unit processing. deasphalting is a severe service that requires rugged valve designs and engineered coatings.mogas. This refining process can be considered a carbon rejection process.

Inc. Typical operating conditions are: • • • • • • • • High temperature (500 – 900° F / 260 – 480° C) Fine & coarse slag service High cycle Erosive conditions Temperature cycling Flashing water service Chloride corrosion High pressure oxygen service SLURRY TANK VENT SILENCER 11 10 FEED 4 GASIFIER 1 SYNGAS SCRUBBER 5 2 3 SLURRY PUMP LOCKHOPPER 8 6 7 SLAG PIT This 16-inch 600 ASME class valve was installed for 550° F at 1095 psig (290° C at 75 bar g) lockhopper isolation service.Gasification MOGAS has worked with the leading licensor of the gasification process globally to develop trim and coating technology to increase the operational reliability of critical isolation valves. MOGAS’ most recent achievement was to extend the lockhopper valve system for de-slagging operations.000 cycles.000 cycles of operation without any related valve or actuator failures. This achievement improved performance from six months to five years with over 50. Several of these valves withstood over 50. Valve Specification RotaryTech — — — — — — — — — — — FlexStream — — — — — — — — — — l CA-DRI 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Slurry Tank EBU Feed Slurry Pump Isolation Gasifier Isolation Oxygen Feed Isolation Course Slag Lockhopper Isolation Lockhopper Drum Inlet Lockhopper Drum Outlet LCV Letdown Isolation Blackwater Flash Drum Isolation Oxygen Depressurizing Valve Oxygen Depressurizing Isolation 500 – 900 100 – 300 100 – 300 100 – 200 150 – 650 400 – 600 400 – 600 100 – 300 150 – 650 100 – 200 100 – 200 260 – 480 40 – 150 40 – 150 40 – 100 60 – 350 200 – 320 200 – 320 40 – 150 60 – 350 40 – 100 40 – 100 100 – 200 100 – 200 900 – 1200 900 – 1200 900 – 1200 900 – 1200 900 – 1200 100 – 200 900 – 1200 900 – 1200 900 – 1200 5 – 15 5 – 15 60 – 85 60 – 85 60 – 85 60 – 85 60 – 85 5 – 15 60 – 85 60 – 85 60 – 85 6 – 10 6 – 10 6 – 10 4–8 6 – 12 12 – 24 12 – 24 4 – 10 4 – 10 4–8 4–8 150 – 250 150 – 250 150 – 250 100 – 200 150 – 300 300 – 600 300 – 600 100 – 250 100 – 250 100 – 200 100 – 200 CA-1AS — — — l l l l l l l l l l — — — — — — — — — © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries.mogas.com Refining Valve Application Guide RSVP — — — — — — — — — — — Valve Valve Description Number Temperature Range deg F deg C psig Pressure Range bar g Pipe Size inches dn Recommended Model BLACKWATER FLASH DRUM 9 23 . www.

When you have a problem. valve repacking • Valve asset management Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. Refurbish & Customization • • • • • • 24-hour emergency response Troubleshooting Valve performance analysis 3D finite analysis High pressure testing Online repair documentation Preventive Maintenance • Complete system inspection • Routine maintenance. Inc. They will look at your entire application to accurately identify and solve the issue. the MOGAS service technician checks the depth of the seat pocket to certify original design specifications are accurate.Service Global Capabilities Factory Service Authorized Repair Center Valve Automation Center Service Excellence in Action When you select MOGAS products. startup and commissioning • Shutdown planning and implementation • Procurement and contract management Repair. Our core services include: As part of a repair. The MOGAS commitment to service means more than basic repairs. Using a comprehensive approach helps you improve equipment reliability and operational efficiency.mogas. our technical advisors get to the root of it. anywhere in the world. you can trust that we will do everything we can to come through for you. Project Support • Installation. as well as reduce costs.com 24 . service is a big part of what comes with them. www. And when our team becomes part of your team. It also means timely access to our knowledgeable and experienced team of experts— anytime.

links to P&ID and maintenance reports • Repair history • Performance analysis reports • Incident reports • Valve repair cost • Valve torques • Revised bills of material • Revised drawings • Predictive / preventive maintenance recommendations Certified Training • Lunch-n-learns • Valve installation & operation (hands-on) • Maintenance & troubleshooting © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. On-site Services • • • • Start-up and commissioning assistance Field support and troubleshooting Quarterly walkdowns Major shutdown planning • Improved Safety • Enhanced Reliability • Predictive Maintenance • Anticipated Budget • Less Downtime • Value Pricing Managed Inventories • Revolving consignment inventory (located and managed at MOGAS facility) • On-site inventory (for emergency use) Walkdown Evaluations • On-site inspection of installed valves • Customized reports Valve Management Program (Online) • Initial setup. input. you can choose from a variety of options to help optimize your investment.Asset Management Plan Optimize Your Investment Getting more value for every dollar is now more important than ever. To help minimize your total cost of ownership while truly benefiting from predictive maintenance.mogas.com Refining Valve Application Guide 25 . MOGAS offers the MORE™ Asset Management Plan—a totally customizable valve purchase and service plan. www. Inc. Whether you buy a few valves or several hundred valves.

UOP Engineering & Consulting Firms ABB Aker Kvaerner Bechtel CBI Lummus Fluor Foster Wheeler Jacobs JGC KBR LG Engineering Lurgi Mitsubishi Mustang SEI Shaw Snamprogetti SNC Lavalin Technip Toyo Wood Group Refining Valve Application Guide © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries.com 26 . www.Major Customers Partial Listing End Users Atofina BP ExxonMobil Caltex Chevron Citgo ConocoPhillips ENI CPC Flint Hills Frontier Refining Gazprom Giant Husky KNPC Lion Oil Lukoil Lyondell – Citgo Marathon MOL Motiva Mozyr Murphy Oil Navajo Refining Neste Oil OMV Opti Canada Pasadena Refining PDVSA Pemex Petro-Canada Petrobras Premcor PRSI Repsol YPF Sasol Shell Shenhua Sinopec Suncor Sunoco Syncrude TOTAL TNK – BP Valero Western Refining Licensors Axens CBI Lummus Chevron Chevron Lummus Global ConocoPhillips EMRE Foster Wheeler GE Haldor Topsoe Headwaters KBC Advanced Technologies KBR Lurgi Rentech Shell Siemens Sinopec Engineering Inc. Inc.mogas.

xylene BV Block valve B/D Barrels per day B/SD Barrels per stream day CCR Conradson carbon residue CCR Continuous catalyst regeneration CFD Cold flash drum CGO Coker gas oil CHPS Cold-high-pressure separator CO Carbon monoxide COD Chemical oxygen demand CS Carbon steel CV Control valve CW Cooling water DAO Deasphalted oil DCC Deep catalytic cracking DEA Diethanol amine DMB Dimethylbutane DMO Demetallized oil EBV Emergency block valve EC Extraction column EIV Emergency isolation valve EPA (U. toluene. www.) Environmental Protection Agency EOR End of run ESD Emergency shutdown FC Fail closed on air failure FCC Fluidized catalytic cracking FCV Cv for flow control loop FO Fail open on air failure GO Gas oil H2S Hydrogen sulfide H2SO4 Sulfuric acid HC Hand controlled HCGO Heavy coker gas oil HCO Heavy cycle oil HCU Hydrocracking unit HDM Hydrodemetallization HDS Hydrodesulfurization HF Hydrofluoric acid HFD Hot flash drum HHPS Hot-high-pressure separator HIPS Hot-intermediate-pressure separator HIPPS High integrity pressure protection system HSFO Heavy sulfur fuel oil HSRN Heavy straight run naphtha HVGO Heavy vacuum gas oil LAB Linear alkylbenzene LCO Light cycle oil LCGO Light coker gas oil LCV Cv for level control loop LPG Liquid petroleum gas LSFO Low sulfur fuel oil LSRN Light straight run naphtha LVGO Light vacuum gas oil MCP Methylcyclopentane MDEA Methyl diethanol amine MEA Diethanol amine MOGAS Motor gasoline MON Motor octane number MOV Motor operated valve MP Methylpentane MSS Manufacturers Standardization Society MTBE Methyl tertiary butyl ether NH3 Ammonia NPSH Net positive suction head PCV Cv for pressure control loop RC Raffinate column RCD Reduced crude desulfurization RCR Ramsbottom carbon residue RFCC Residual fluidized catalytic cracking RFG Reformulated gasoline RGC Recycled gas compressor RON Research octane number RVP Reid vapor pressure (gas) SDA Solvent deasphalting SOR Start of run SP Specialty item SRU Sulfur recovery unit SWS Sour water stripping TAA Tertiary amyl alcohol TAEE Tertiary amyl ethyl ether TBA Tertiary butyl alcohol TCV Cv for temperature control loop VGO Vacuum gas oil VOC Volatile organic compounds VR Vacuum residue © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries.S. Inc.mogas.Abbreviations & Acronyms Refining Industry AC Absorbent chamber AGO Atmospheric gas oil API American Petroleum Institute AR Atmospheric residue ARU Amine recovery unit ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASO Acid soluble oils ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials BOC Black oil conversion BPD Barrels per day BPSD Barrels per stream day BTMS Bottoms BTX Benzene.com Refining Valve Application Guide 27 .

3533 For other MOGAS locations or a distributor in your area.3367 China Phone: +86 (0)10.3412 E-mail: mogas@mogas.449.com © Copyright 2011 MOGAS Industries. visit us online at www. .279.281.mogas.com Europe Phone: +44 (0)116.0291 Fax: +1.mogas.com MOGAS Industries reserves the right to make modifications. Check our website for the most current information.9456.84549478 Australia Phone: +61 (0)8. Headquarters 14330 East Hardy Street Houston. www.Severe Service The MOGAS Definition • Extreme temperatures • High pressures • Abrasive particulates • Acidic products • Heavy solids build-up • Critical plant safety • Large pressure differentials • Velocity control • Noise control MOGAS Industries. Inc.590.281. alterations or updates to this document. USA 77039-1405 Phone: +1. TX. Inc.

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