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1. Tick the elements that are characteristic of a habitat.

Water, Temperature, Air, Soil, Light.

2. Write T if the sentences are true and F if they are false. Then, correct the false sentences.
T, F, T A community is the group of living things sharing the same habitat.

3. Write the two types of ecosystems and give an example of each one.
Terrestrial: deserts, Mediterranean forests. Aquatic: lagoon, sea.

4. Match the two columns.

Marine ecosystems: octopus, jelly fish. Freshwater ecosystems: dragonfly, water lily, frog, reed.

5. Write four terrestrial ecosystems and one characteristic for each.

Deserts: extreme temperatures. Mediterranean forests: moderate temperatures. Jungles: precipitations almost all year. The Poles: very low temperatures all year.

6. Look at the pictures and write the type of ecosystem.

1. desert. 2. Mediterranean forest; 3. jungle; 4. Pole.

7. Write the types of relationships that can exist between living things in a community.
Relationships among the same species and among different species.

8. What does it mean that living things in an ecosystem have a food relationship?
It means that plants are food for herbivores and herbivores are food for carnivores.

9. Look at the pictures. What is this kind of representation called?

Its a food chain. The seeds are food for the squirrel and the squirrel is food for the fox.

10. Unscramble and write.

The living things of an ecosystem interact with members of their own species and with members of other species.




1. Complete the sentences.

Matter in a pure state is made up of a single element. Homogenous and heterogeneous mixtures are made up of more than one element. In homogeneous mixtures you cannot see the elements that make them. In heterogeneous mixtures it is easy to see its elements.

2. One of these sentences is false. Cross the false one and write it correctly.
Volume is the space matter occupies.

3. Complete the sentences.

You can measure mass in grams or in kilograms. You can measure volume in litres.

4. Match each picture to the state of the matter it represents.

3, 1, 2

5. Read the sentences and choose the correct option.

Matter in solid state has its own shape. It occupies a fixed volume. Matter in liquid state doesnt have its own shape. It occupies a fixed volume. Matter in gas state doesnt have its own shape. It doesnt occupy a fixed volume.

6. Match the two columns.

Hardness. It is difficult to scratch or perforate. Elasticity. After stretching it, it returns to its original shape. Water resistance. It does not let liquids go through it. Resistance. It is difficult to break.

7. Give an example of a material which has these properties.

Check Student Book.

8. Write which materials are these things made of and their properties.
1. The bag is made of leather. This material is flexible, soft and easy to sew. 2. The spade is made of wood and iron. These materials are resistant.

9. Write N if the material is natural and A if it is artificial.

N: Wood A: Paint N: Copper N: Granite N: Oil N: Iron A: Plastic N: Wool N: Sand N: Cork A: Paper A: Glass

10. Write which materials in activity 9 are heat conductors.

Copper and iron.



Forces, machines and inventions


1. Write the name of the two types of forces.

Contact forces and non-contact forces.

2. Complete the sentences.

Simple machines have a very simple mechanism, like wheels. Complex machines are made up of many simple machines. They use electricity or fuel in order to work.

3. Look at the pictures and write simple machine or complex machine.

Simple machine: 2, 3 and 6. Complex machine: 1, 4 and 5.

4. Which parts can you find in a lever?

Point of support, force, resistance and rigid bar.

5. Look at the picture and label the parts of the lever.

Check Student Book.

6. What is an inclined plane? Complete the sentences.

An inclined plane is a simple machine. It is a rampwith a small slope that is good for raising and lowering heavy objects.

7. Write PS (point of support), R (Resistance) and F (Force) in the correct place.

Check Student Book.

8. Explain what a pulley is and what it is usually used for.

A pulley is a simple machine. It helps us raise heavy objects more easily. A pulley is a wheel that moves on an axis. A rope goes around a groove on the moving wheel.

9. Look at the pictures and decide which ones are levers or pulleys.
Lever: 2, 3, 5. Pulleys:1, 4.

10. Match the two columns.

Vehicles: plane. Telecommunications devices: mobile phone, television. Medical and optical instruments: telescope, thermometer. Electrical appliances: dishwasher.




1. What is atmospheric weather?

Atmospheric weather tells us what state the atmosphere is in at any particular moment and place. It has three characteristics, temperature, precipitation and wind.

2. Match the two columns.

Wind: hurricane, breeze. Temperature: cold. Precipitation: hail, snow.

3. Look at the following temperature graph and complete the sentences.

The coldest day was Wednesday. Friday was the hottest day.

4. Make a temperature graph using the following data.

Check the activity.

5. Complete the following sentences.

Spring begins on 21st March, summer begins on 21st June. Autumn begins on 23rd September and winter begins on 21st December.

6. Look at the pictures and write the season.

winter, autumn, spring, summer.

7. Write the temperature and precipitation characteristics for each season.

Spring: temperatures are mild and precipitation is frequent. Summer: temperatures are high and theres little precipitation. Autumn: temperatures start to lower and precipitation is frequent. Winter: temperatures are very low and precipitation is frequent.

8. Write the general features of the climate in your Autonomous Community.

Check Answers.

9. What do meteorologists use to predict the weather?

Artificial satellites and meteorological devices.

10. What weather characteristic do these devices measure?

Thermometer: temperature. Anemometer: speed of the wind. Pluviometer: rain. Weather vane: direction of the wind.




Soil, vegetation and fauna


1. What is soil?
Soil is the layer of ground and other materials that covers the rocks.

2. What is soil made up of?

Soil is made up of organic and inorganic matter.

3. Look at the picture and label.

Check Student Book.

4. Classify the elements in activity 3 according to their origin.

Organic matter rabbit leaves ant roots air water sand Inorganic matter

5. The following sentence is false. Circle the mistakes and write it correctly.
Humus is made up of remains of living things.

6. Complete the sentences.

Plants benefit from the soil because the soil holds the roots of the plants. The soil also provides the water and the nutrients plants need to grow. The soil benefits from plants because plants help make humus. The fallen leaves and dead plants become organic matter that make the soil more fertile.

7. Write the names of three characteristic plants in your Autonomous Community.

Check answers.

8. Give examples of three characteristic animals in your Autonomous Community.

Check answers.

9. Look at the pictures and write which flower will grow best, and explain why.
Flower number 1 will grow best because organic matter makes the soil more fertile.

10. Why should we not pull up plants when we take a walk through the countryside?
Because roots hold the soil.




2nd Term

1. Write the name of the ecosystems in these pictures.

Freshwater, desert, Poles

2. Write the types of relationships between living things of the same species in an ecosystem.
They can protect themselves and reproduce.

3. Complete the sentences.

We can find matter in three states: solid, liquid and gas. Matter can be pure or a mixture. When it is a mixture, it can be homogeneous or heterogeneous.

4. Write the properties and origin of the following materials.

Iron: resistant, conductor, natural origin Wood: insulator, opaque, natural origin Glass: hard, fragile, transparent, artificial origin Rubber: elastic, insulator, artificial origin

5. What types of machines are there? Give an example of each one.

Simple and complex machine. Check examples.

6. Classify these inventions in the following table.

Modern inventions

Vehicles Electrical appliances Telecommunications devices Optical instruments Medical instruments

train vacuum cleaner telephone microscope thermometer

7. Whats the difference between atmospheric weather and climate?

Atmospheric weather tells us what state the atmosphere is in any particular moment and place. Climate is the atmospheric weather of an area over a period of several years.




2nd Term

8. Complete the table.

Season summer autumn spring winter 21st June 23rd September 21st March 21st December Starts high mild and start to lower mild and start rising are very low Temperatures Precipitations rainstorms frequent rain frequent rain precipitation as snow

9. Complete the sentences.

The soil and the vegetation benefit from one another. The soil holds the roots of the plants and provides nutrients. The roots of the plants hold the materials that make up the soil.

10. Write two examples of fauna and vegetation which are characteristic of your Autonomous Community.
Check answers.