Editor: Dr. Paul Carus.
A MONTHLY MAGAZINE
Wcvotct> to tbe Science ot IReligfon, tbe IReltGion ot Science, ant) tbe Bitension ot tbe IReligious parliament 1It)ea
^' Hbg«U!R £ Mary Cards.
Benedictiis de Spinoza.
of a Sick
The Great San Francisco Earthquake.
The Cohesive Power
Agnosticism in the Pulpit.
Boilers and their Fuel.
Professor Haeckel as an Artist.
Zoroastrian Religion and the Bible
Japanese Writer's History of His Theology.
Communicated by E. W.
Benedictus de Spinoza
Book Reviezvs and Notes
Ube ©pen Court IPubUsbing Companie
Paul. Trench, Trubner
Per copy, 10 cents (sixpence).
Copyright, 1906, by
the U. P. U., 5». 6d.).
The Open Court Publishing
the Chicago Post Office as Second Class Matter.
Zoroastrian Religion and the Bible
Japanese Writer's History of His Theology. by
Benedictus de Spinoza
Book Revietvs and Notes
The Great San Francisco Earthquake.
The Open Court Publishing
Co. Trench. Ltd. tbe IReligion ot Science. Larkin.)
the Chicago Post Office as Second Class Matter.00
Per copy. 10 cents (sixpence).
Communicated by E.
?. W. 55.
of a Sick
Man. Paul Carus.
The Cohesive Power
of Ignorance. U.
(Illustrated. 7. $1.Hsgeler Mary Cards.
Benedicttis de Spinoza.
(Illustrated. an5 tbe Bitension ot tbe IReltaious parliament ITbea
Agnosticism in the Pulpit.D
Professor Haeckel as an Artist.^be ©pen Court
A MONTHLY MAGAZINE
'Bcvotcb to tbe Science of IReligf on..)
Boilers and their Fuel.
$1. that eees no evil when O Ood." And this the true prayer for the battlefield: "I never doubt my ftrength to bear whatever fate may bring. but his the divine anointing who watched and waited." St Louis Qlobe~ Democrat. oh! if you would do aught uncommon. And who are not the elect in the light of its large teaching? To claim them in spite of themselves is its crowning lesson. I welcome whatever comes. that blind. and failed and can yet be glad. not at the call of a bell. but to the rhythm in my heart. as the bay wreath ends the toilsome struggle in the hero's path. Singing. Chicago
. To attempt to tell what a treasure-trove for the strugghng soul is in this little volume would be impossible without giving it complete. fool faith in my friend. too. whatever befall." Here. The gods shall yet anoint him and the morning stars shaU sing. not at the baton's sway. that sublime belief. but at the call of my soul. " The modern progress of sovereign mind and inner divinity from the -narrow cell of the ascetic to the open heaven of man. To me there is no misfortime.
Ood. March 5. but." Cover all misfortime. though the promised land proved to be but a mirage and the day of dehverance was canceled. * O God.. yet a self-abnegation and sacrifxe beyond anything that a St. That the best of all modem thought and reUgion is garnered
it.. is triumphantly shown in it. I go out gladly to meet it. but." Or this. Francis or a Thomas a'Kempis ever dreamed of glorifies the path. Misfortune is not mine until that hour. for every paragraph marks a milestone on the higher way. Bds.
evil is. is the triumph of the unconquerable mind: "The earth shall yet surrender to him and the fates shall do his will who marches on. 50c Postpaid
The Open Court Publisbing
Co. and walk in the light of it would still the moan and hves. i322
Wabash Ave. made in God's own image.
has "entered in" sends back to us this inspiring prayer book."Oive me not."
Some one who
seize its spirit
Nuggets of pure gold
victorious author has opened for us. with this master prayer."
My Little Book of Prayer
BY MURIEL STRODE
you want to know the greatness of a soul and the true mastery of life. Measure the height attained in this one reflection for the weary army of the unsuccessful: "He is to rejoice with exceeding great joy who plucks the fruit of his planting. apply to The Open Court Publishing Company for a shp of a book by Muriel Strode entitled simply " My Little Book of Prayer.
Printed on Strathmore Japan Paper. Doing for the joy of it. in exchange for the piping cries of the unfortunate: "I do not bemoaa misfortune. too. Cloth. but give
mine of the mind which the out swiftly and resolve its
great wealth for himself should be the glad purpose of the elect. Worshiping. "It is but common to beheve in liim who
beUeves in himself. spare me that supreme calamity let no afterbitterness settle down with me.
Alexis Paper. that seeing evil I yet have faith. and prayed. believe in him who does not believe in himself—restore the faith to him. and toiled. oh! that I may not go doMTi before that which I bring myself. Loving because I must. its
very creed proclaims:
Not one holy day but seven.
. fcriplris ilLic rublimia fractal:: Ilia vi^H
Hiuic quicunq^iie cupis nofcere.
of Mrs.fcripta leg-e
Expreflere ^ari faciem.reruni ciii cog-ni+its ordo Hoc Spinola fta1:u conlpicieiidus erat.Deus.
Ben ED ICTUS DE Spinoza
The Open Court..fed ping^ere nxentem Zeuxidis artifices non valiiere mantis. Julius Rosenthal.
7. of freedom from pain. with the consciousness.
of the bed and fainted.
But ice is only a palliative.
chlorine-green god. Water brought from the dining room icepitcher was like belated slops from a coffee urn. and the Extension of the Religious Parliament Idea.
1906. THE had way. The commercial ice of North America one will avoid.
proper recepa delight
NO. on each
edges. for it gave
bite and sting of that ice at low temperature. But in it the children were summoned from the east and from the west.
BY CHARLES CAVERNO.
(No. and goes rapidly down to exhaustion and a flickering pulse.
to the wandering of delirium was rapid. A friend procured for me a demijohn of water from a
favorite spring. moment. On the way down I remember one incident with interest. the Religion of Science.
"Respite and Nepenthe"
sitting beside the Doctor on the edge threw me back on the bed and that revived me.
was tolerable. Thev were pres-
this period I
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF A SICK MAN. Nausea. abides
tacles. There is one barricade that the aforesaid god does respect.
Copyright by The Open Court Publishing Company. XX. exposed to the outer
Nausea quailed before
that. Its microbes may be malign. have no distinct memory. No food
himself against me.The Open Court
A MONTHLY MAGAZINE
Devoted to the Science of Religion.
as brightly as that
we need have no more
taking chloroform than in going to sleep and in wakening. The
to pain. Hearing the clink of dishes on the way to my room put me in antagonism to their contents before sight. in
This. On it man cannot long support life. I was thoroughly angry with him and when I got voice upbraided him for bringing me back to consciousness. and that is ice.
joy of that brief
of oblivion. It had a meaning and expressed it. 1906.
Those luho depart
this life. to.
the Doctor sat by
side with one
lying before just ready to be revealed. Eternity and a windmill what Yet both are worthy objects of thought "Each a juxtaposition
did not knovv^ this fact. philosophy
he may trust that he can find it there.
forward to a real transition at some not distant day. hypodermatics had won and I was here and not The first thought that came to me was I wonder if the there. The nurses were standing in attendand was satisfied. at the time
of departure are ivilUng to go. windmill was turned on to the pump yesterday afternoon. I I knew the meaning of what I saw ance. the nurses were seated in quietness. If there are exceptions to this rule But let us deal it may be of interest to search for their causes. Now again we can make use of Franklin's philosophy: any thing as universal as suffering after an organism has
. if it was not we shall be short of water." Integration and disintegration have been the history of all organism
With the deterioration of tissue comes in since the primal cell.
if it will
ent in the house the night of the favorable (medical point of view)
I remember that hand on my pulse and in the other a hypodermatic syringe.
in its 'customed place. expected to make the change from this condition of existence to what is beyond. considering the background in consciousness from which it was projected.
rule. opened my eyes the Doctor was gone.wit:
the expectation of departure. The whole matter is in chaos."
Eternity will split into particulars as does
Ah me! Why did I not go forward? Now I shall have all that is preliminary to go over again. But I distinctly thought I had made the transition.
on this side or that of any equator separating its one can find adjustment here from science. I got no distinct view but there seemed
turning. tended. The psychology of a "rapt and parting soul" what is it? The human race has had testimony and observation from which to draw
time. pain or dis-ease.
conclusions and yet no generalizations of value have been reached.
oive the universal desire to leave this life to the
ministry of pain. I am much encouraged by the psychology of this dream.
Let us go back one step.386
THE OPEN COURT. try it.
the universe. Now what happened next I attribute to sleep and dream. Let us posit one principle. The one mental exercise that held me was curiosity. Benjamin Franklin said: "Anything as universal as death must be regarded as inBiology lends its whole force to Franklin's conclusion. I wanted to see what was coming next.
is a foregleam of this adjustment in the action of animals.THE PSYCHOLOGY OF A SICK MAN. saint or sinner. they are willing. Even those who are in the flush of life.
expressions of truth.
passed the zenith of
vitaHty must be regarded as intended.
contracts to 32° and
expands." ever have. But again the rule is that when men come
for death or not depends
Whether one longs
to the bridge
not exhaust the philosophy of suffering. Men usually do not cross bridges till they come to them. and its storm and stress for action on.
philosophy can be sound that neglects
view be the
be regarded as an adaptation physIt
to that end. retire to
their fellows and their customary beats and some secluded nook and await what comes. Then men do "long for death. But the case is entirely altered with feebleness and suffering.
equally true. and ever will. but no
it. a man does not want to die.
penances. if they are maimed in some sad accident.
Like a great many other things.
Stylites is representative
vigils. often ask to be put out of their misery. they yield to its promptings.
fasts. they find in themselves an intimation that a great change portends. We die
such death as the imagination of the dark ages permits us to die. Welcome the hour my aged limbs
laid with thee at rest." do not die our own death but that which the superstitions and terrors of centuries of our kind have loaded upon us.
. give up the struggle for
harder to catch a dead bird than a
. The kindest and the best. the poor man's dearest friend. that
to a certain
ceases to be true. When it comes to that it admits of debate who had the worst outlook in that era."
condition of his physical organism.
just contentment with that
(he ought to have credit for
he was not a poet) says:
a death which nature never made.
upon the vital high. often desirous. Take a forecast of the future of
"Whatever crazy sorrow
that breathes with
point and then
truly longed for death.
" I took my cue from the last expression. We have changed all that ? Oh no Much from out that gloom still remains to cast its shadow over souls as they contemplate the journey forward." But I had reckoned without my host.
experience of men.
not to expect to die in ecstasy. and
respecting the general kindliness of
-belief in hell. the Crusades
not in the habit of doing serious things in ecstasy. one lay down to die. Nature
pilgrimages. I gave him one I found his pulse strong and voice natural. Suspicion arising from various sources attaches to these exercises of the saint. his money gave out.—
THE OPEN COURT.
the East to the far West. he had the mental torture that all he had suffered might be in vain and through some self-deceit or some unnoticed neglect he might trip on the threshold of heaven and fall back into hell.
have never seen one deThe only person I ever saw in terror
case shows clearly
of death did not die. grain of cinchonidia and said: "Now tell me all about it.
and was taken
him there the perspiration stood in big drops on his forehead.
Plainly the sinner's
a psychological addition to the pains of death. yes.
to the county-house. You will live that time any way.
persons pass out of this
part in ecstasy or in fear. In the later centuries ecstasies came in to supersede the gloom of the saint. and so
perturbations either of joy or fear cease to appear in parting hours.
flamed imagination working by preconceived notion will account
most of these
life. I can get any
one of half a dozen ministers of as many denominations here in an hour and we will have that matter attended to. after all body could endure.
and realize that when." I replied "My good friend. for he an-
. I hurriedly asked him: "What is the matter?" He said: "I am dying. Of course one extreme begets another.
gifted with the
he failed to find employment. and I am afraid to die.
Belief in a "city of gold" and in a "lake that
widely held." said "I have never been baptized.
with a sound philosophy rethis
specting the order for removal
sphere of action.
and we can discern more clearly
intent of nature.
have had nothing but the
life. What are you afraid of?" He took the Bible from under his pillow and putting his finger on the i6th verse of the XVIth chapter of Mark "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved.
persons present. When the matter has passed to second and third mouths it is hopeless to expect to reach the truth. The young man's distress was necessary neither to him nor to any one else. is legion.
. But we should not confuse ourselves in settling upon a philosophy of pain and death. as well as of some others. that he said he had "done wrong and it stared him in the face.
doubt. if he wanted corn or apples. He
would lie. Now the name of cases of this kind. with varying particulars of this sort that have no necessary connection with it. in his life before. An old neighbor lay dying. In a few days arrangements were made by which he departed for the East. At my home she took me for a walk. He loved rum "for its own sake" and always the house for daily use. Now this did make an impression on me and I thank my aunt to this day for her intent. he paid no attention to division fences. Witness the testimony in regard to the
ideas. She did not go in. which was only rarely and briefly broken that once the old man said he had made a wrong disposition of his property
. He was profusely profane. She told me what remorse the old neighbor was suffering. because of difference in pre-
might give very different reports.
must be immersed to be baptized and At some time. The neighbors said that sometimes between the days.
my teens I had a case that was for long years to me. and being a good woman. Testimony as to the psychology of the dying is to be received
with caution. say that from the beginning he dropped into unconsciousness. He had been a sinner.
mental condition of
in his last hours. It is enough to say that in an hour the perspiration had gone from his forehead and he was comfortable in body and mind. They said he was "hot" and let it go at that. The day he died an aunt of mine came to visit at our home.
cannot be. Passing the house of the dying man she called to inquire about him. Shortly after his arrival he executed what he thought was his duty was immersed and joined a church. a
sick as I
as to the historic standing of the text that troubled
him might have
in point. improved the occasion to make an impression on me. He found work and had a happy outlook for this world and the world to come.THE PSYCHOLOGY OF A SICK MAN. But a few days afterward I heard one who was there all the time the old man was sick.
could have given himself the benefit of a
was not now
the steps of the detour I took to relieve his mental
suffering." that he was in the agony of the death of all the wicked.
doctor was of a very old school.
living in the
of his son.
the man's psychology were as she represented. The expression "going home" does duty for piety it may be legitimately."
of recent events
part of the shortening in process
which nature employs on the way to the final separation from this He was life.
while he would say: "This
. But it was very certain to me that it had nothing of it. He did not share his rum with any "souter as Tam O'Shanter did."
He was genuinely covetous and had accumulated and property. a stranger in his own son's family and at his own son's table. We walked with our arms about each other around the house and
The antecedent probability coincided with the statement of who was present that the old man when he spoke of "wrong" was thinking about property.—
THE OPEN COURT. it may not.
fact for religion but
might be an important
on the philosophy
of the intent of death and
negligible. I have seen two cases where on their face one might think the use betrayed deep religious feeling. calamy
and laudamy.'* This was what had happened to my aged friend.
But mentally he had
co-ordination with his
then present circumstances. One was the case of an aged clergyman with whom I had familiar acquaintance. and like
another famous physician worked with the "twa simples. Returning I found him
conditions and greatly changed. naturally. because her antecedent philostophy called for it. We were fast friends again on the old basis. They may and they may not have." The latter we may be sure was not spared.
since the days of Irengeus
know with whom or where it has been common speech
better the things that
youth than those which have happened
later years. however.
"The reaming swats
drank divinely. was a devotee of rum.
"His Hfe had not been
Johnny. The moribund sometimes use expressions that are thought to have religious value. But my name struck him. It lay back far enough in memory to be in the unclouded realm. the old
got out of
than his better neighbors. She me under the conviction that what she thought ought
. My aunt gave a moral turn
and wished he had divided
she had not the slightest suspicion that
otherwise. I was away from the city of his home for years.
evening as she was about to
she said she wanted to be taken
The next day went about the house. Ours is no exception.
retire. with this he had lost connection. kept mastery of her faculties. When we go forth from this life.
enough and do well by me but I wish you home. The fact was that in the disintegrating process preparatory to departure from life.
other case was that of a
ninety-seven years of age
be true. it is to be feared that the good will be more disappointed with it than any one else." With that he was still coordinated. she was simply non-religious. the less we are laden with fancies that we have invented ourto the future. She had a wonderful faculty of minding her own business. If there is a life beyond this. She had lived in that house nearly fifty years. she had been there long enough.
. through those years. she was not irreligious. every thing had been swept away from memory except some far corner back in her early girlhood.
would take me back
to the old
This comports with the known psychology of declining years. All religions carry a vast amount of superstition in regard to a future life. So little is known about the future that it is the common playground for imagination. When she asked to be taken home she had not the slightest reference to extra mundane conditions but to a former home on earth.
Over most of our songs and hymns pertaining
should be printed: "Caution
to be passed
to the future
one responsible for
disappointments incurred therein
to haul in
caveat viator f'
along to the masters of
The signal ought on the religious sea
to let out the sails of imagination with regard
creeds of former thought may not hold the common mind but the poetry does.—
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF A SICK MAN. She was the impersonation of domesticity and nothing more. In a few days that too went into the cloud and she passed quietly from life. He was glancing backward and not forward when he requested me to take him home. Fancy and rhetoric are strained to their utmost to set forth the glories or or the wretchedness of the future. so much preconception have they carried along in this life that cannot possibly home
the next day. she preferred the same request. It is time that those who minister in the name of religion called a halt on this license of imagination and plainly said for how much of it they stood sponsor. She was not religious. had presided over its building and furnishing and had reared her family in an old house on the same ground.
intent. the better
likely to be for us. with ear
and rattles as it was not wont. they us. catch
movement and go
CONVALESCENCE. Yet the familiar motion "The windmill?" of the rollers under the feet is not unpleasant. I must see that the windmill is in gear and running.
has imposed upon us.
old treadmill creaks
and weariness that will come upon will come and work their result.
the order for forward
our duty to reduce to lowest terms the pains But do the best we can.392
selves or that
THE OPEN COURT. The guys and down fastenings seem loosened. Yes.