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0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE
4.0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE
Walkable mixed-use neighborhoods provide the basic building blocks for more livable—and environmentally sustainable— cities. Design plays a vital role in their creation. At a large scale, the arrangement of complementary land uses and transportation can inﬂuence how easily people can walk to local destinations or transit. At the scale of the street, landscaping and street-facing building entrances and windows create attractive places that support neighborhood life and discourage crime. At the scale of the building, porches, overhangs and other architectural features oﬀer protection from heat and rain, and reduce energy use. Quality design is a necessary accompaniment to the urban settings and densities anticipated by the General Plan. Good design inﬂuences how people perceive a neighborhood or city. Design can make shopping districts vibrant and make residential neighborhoods more welcoming. An essential ingredient is how buildings face streets, parks and plazas. Do buildings help make streets more active? Do windows create the possibility that someone can watch, and therefore discourage unwanted behavior? Do buildings frame the street spatially? And do they communicate that Watsonville is a unique place? The design of streets also inﬂuences community life. Streets can do much more than merely move traﬃc. Residential streets can provide a safe place where neighbors come together and where children play, but they must be designed to calm traﬃc. Streets with retail and community activity provide a stimulating place where people come together to participate in community life. Streets are also a place where residents can enjoy scenic views as part of their daily lives. The Urban Design and Human Scale Element seeks to establish functional relationships that foster healthy communities, add economic value, and enhance Watsonville’s aesthetic character. These objectives are essential, not only for the well-being of Watsonville’s residents, but also as an important ingredient for attracting and retaining businesses.
Based on public input at workshops and open houses, the following major issues were established as critical improvements to maintain a healthy community.
City beautiﬁcation eﬀorts should be intensiﬁed. Plans for adding street trees to existing arterials and boulevards should be provided. Improve walkability in districts with highest potential to beneﬁt from enhancements, particularly in the downtown, Freedom Blvd. corridor, East Lake Avenue, Walker Street, and other areas and streets as identiﬁed. Enhance pedestrian passage and experience on streets by widening sidewalks and/or adding landscaping to provide a buﬀer from traﬃc. Encourage new residential development patterns to be more inviting to pedestrians by encouraging walkable neighborhoods and street-facing architectural elements, including front porches. Encourage placement of garages behind housing and/or place less emphasis on cars in the front of homes. Conserve views valued by the community, particularly of open space, mountains, and wetlands.
Conditions & Considerations
Walkable Districts Communities must be pleasant places to walk, if we want people to reduce their use of cars. Walkable districts represent the basic building block for a city that is more sustainable—socially, environmentally, and economically. Walkable districts mix complementary uses, maintain reasonable walking distances, and bring building entrances and facades to the street. Conveniences and recreation can be walked to easily, along safe and attractive routes. This traditional pattern presents a sensible alternative to auto-reliant development that separates housing and jobs from conveniences and transit, exacerbates traﬃc congestion, creates social enclaves, and consumes more land.
Livable Streets Streets set the stage for many dimensions of community life. Streets that are lined with trees, sidewalks, building entries and windows make walking more attractive whether for errands or recreation. Well-designed streets also make it easier to meet neighbors and partake in community life. Their character can also have a profound eﬀect on the image and identity of a city or neighborhood.
walking is discouraged as trips tend to be more circuitous and often converge along heavily-traveled “collector” streets. With segregated uses (top). 4-3 . Complementary uses set with and interconnected street network (bottom) bring together essential aspects of community and minimizes reliance on the car.4.0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE Neighborhood Scale and Walkability.
Established areas that lack pedestrian-supportive architecture can transform over time through inﬁll. By reducing setbacks. Porches provide families with a protected place where they can engage in neighborhood life. Livable Community Residential Design Guidelines The creation of more walkable districts with street-facing architecture is also addressed in Watsonville’s “Livable Community Residential Design Guidelines. intensiﬁcation. informal surveillance. Streets lined by blank walls and parking lots (left) can feel unsafe and uninviting and can discourage walking even when local conveniences are nearby. as well as adding additional provisions for non-residential areas. buildings contribute activity and informal surveillance to the street. and visual interest. and redevelopment. Street-facing buildings line pedestrian routes with entrances and windows thereby contributing to neighborhood activity. Street-facing Architecture. 4-4 . buildings also establish a more intimate and village-like scale. By minimizing front setbacks.WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 Street-Facing Architecture Streets are more attractive and safe when they are lined with building entrances and windows. which encourages walking. rather than parking lots or blank garage doors.” The Urban Design and Human Scale Element elevate many concerns within the Livable Community Residential Design Guidelines to General Plan policy.
4-5 . Street trees and other enhancements can help beautify these frequently traveled routes.” which can oﬀer a range of shops and services and encourage walking for many trips. Change and intensiﬁcation of these areas can be shaped to create “mixed-use boulevards.4. deliver needed housing. and support transit.. Example. Main Street (between Freedom and Pennsylvania).0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE Corridors-Boulevards Aging strip commercial properties along Freedom Blvd. Transforming Major Corridors. Mixed-use development potential along corridors. East Lake Avenue. and Walker Street represent opportunities for future inﬁll and redevelopment. Many General Plan policies encourage the transformation of existing strip commercial corridors into mixed-use boulevards to bring conveniences closer to residents.
as well as its historic buildings and districts. Scenic resources play a special role and consist of Watsonville’s natural and agricultural environs. City Beautification and Scenic Resources Watsonville’s aesthetic character is vital to community pride and its attractiveness to visitors and businesses. by supporting a wider range of industries. topography. but a location where an intense sense of community can be generated by strengthening its array of cultural and retail destinations. and in retirement. Holistic Design Every increment of construction should be made in such a way to make the City whole. Another dimension of place making is the ways that buildings and public space relate: buildings should create coherent and well-shaped public spaces. The downtown also has vacant lots and nondescript lowrise buildings that. and shield public spaces from parking lots and other features that dilute activity and urban form along streets. might be replaced with urban uses that can contribute to the area’s vitality A Sense of Place Watsonville has a unique heritage that is rooted in its climate.WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 Downtown Revitalization Watsonville’s downtown represents not only the heart of the community. Diversity in Housing Diverse housing represents an important ingredient for the social and economic health of a community. and services with diverse housing opportunities. Each individual action should consider (with regard to its contribution) creating more livable places and a more livable city. shops. history and cultural traditions. The downtown contains many assets including historic buildings and uses with higher intensities. over time. and by encouraging urban housing. Private development and City actions can reinforce and enhance Watsonville’s unique character. Watsonville also makes it possible for individuals to remain in a community during all of their stages in life—as young adults. parks. 4-6 . and plazas. as parents with children at home.
(This image is for illustrative purposes only.4.) UNION 4-7 .0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE Figure 4. BEACH RODRIGUEZ MAIN RIVERSID E Downtown Concept. LAKE W. The transformation of Downtown Watsonvile can continue by encouraging attractive “infill” projects and through the strategic arrangement of destinations and parking. Location of uses are subject to future study.1 Downtown Concept E.
by leveraging public investments and guiding private actions. Policy 4. or other facilities that can serve them. The City should require sidewalks as part of all street improvements. a vibrant downtown. 4-8 . Within new growth areas. The City should encourage pedestrian circulation networks that provide relatively direct connections between homes and jobs and the retail.1 The City should encourage the integration of complementary land uses within walking distance of each other.11 Pedestrian Supportive Zoning and the Livable Community Guidelines.1.1 Design and Develop Walkable Districts. and great streets.WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 Goals. 4. Policies.1. and Implementation Goal 4.1. the City should encourage local circulation patterns that distribute traﬃc among multiple routes and avoid the use of heavily traveled collector streets. preferably with street trees between the curb and the primary path of pedestrian movement. Implementation 4. as is provided for in the Land Use Element of this General Plan. The City should amend existing zoning ordinances to support the creation of pedestrian-supportive development consistent with provisions of the General Plan and the Livable Community Design Guidelines. Encourage pedestrian-friendly neighborhoods. civic. parks and plazas.12 Pedestrian Connections. Safe and comfortable settings should be a goal in both urbanized and new growth areas.
retail. parking can be set below buildings but should not be conspicuous. zoning revisions and design guidelines should encourage buildings that abut streets and trails in a fairly continuous way. street-front rear 4. and mechanical equipment should be set back away from streets and trails. 4-9 . mixed-use buildings are encouraged to provide needed housing and desirable retail conveniences. In the Downtown and along corridors.13 Street-Facing Buildings. Building entrances. windows.0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE 4.1. loading zones. Along a street or trail. Street-facing Architecture. and activity can be placed closer to the street when parking is placed behind or below buildings. oﬃce. In residential. Mitigating Parking.1.4. garage doors.14 Mitigating Parking. or mixed-use areas. Parking lots.
3.2.) Street Frontage. and 4. as long as the frontage along streets provides a satisfactory walking environment through the use of building fronts and landscaping. (See tables 4.1.2 Suggested Front Setbacks for Buildings (minimum and maximum) Figure 4.3 Suggested Extent of Windows and Doors within Street-Facing Facades (minimum area) Figure 4.15 Street Frontage.4 Suggested Sreet Frontage Requirements (measured as a percent of the length of each parcel line that abuts the street) k 4-10 .4 below. 4. Figure 4. Not all buildings need to address a street or trail. Buildings should be set forward and contain windows and building entrances that face streets and trails.WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 4. Blank walls should not face streets or trails. Street-facing facades should have adequate street-facing entrances and fenestration (lower right).
1 The City should encourage designs for buildings and landscapes that complement Watsonville’s unique setting.1. arcades. 4-11 . or by being accompanied by an overhanging roof or porch. in all improvements.4.0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE 4. reduce energy use. and should have greater depth than is typical to maximize protection from the sun and rain. and ecology. HVAC equipment should be shaded.2.11 Climatic Response. Awnings. Windows. encourage a “sense of place” that is rooted in Watsonville’s unique climate. Awnings. eaves. Policy 4. and cultural traditions. The City should encourage building designs that respond to Watsonville’s climate to increase human comfort. Protect Watsonville’s agricultural and architectural heritage and.16 Building Entrances. and energy system costs. arcades. to block summertime sunlight while admitting sunlight in the wintertime. Goal 4.2 Contextual Design. and should implement this policy objective through: revisions to its zoning. Deciduous shade trees are also encouraged near south. history. trellises. and/or recessed windows should be used. Building entrances that do not connect directly to a street or trail. design review requirements. should be accompanied by a pedestrian path that leads directly to a street or trail. character. At least one operable window should be provided in all rooms with exterior windows. topography.” and skylights are encouraged for lighting interior spaces. and/or through the development and application of special studies and design guidelines. Climatic Response. trellises and deep window openings respond to Watsonville’s climate and are an important part of the City’s historic tradition. Building entrances should always be covered by being deeply recessed.2. Implementation 4.and west-facing facades. “light shelves.
4.12 Urban Form. and targeting uses and activities that appeal to a wider range of Watsonville’s residents (for more discussion on “Downtown” and “Corridor Areas” refer to pages 3-40 to 3-45 and policy 3. Materials should be properly detailed. proportions of openings.2 and its implementation actions. Policy 4. or when a project is adding to or remodeling an existing building. see the Transportation Element. Protect Watsonville’s agricultural and architectural heritage and. “mirrored” glass should be avoided. which reveal the area’s unique topography and native vegetation. to improve their appearance and extend their life. in all improvements. and should not be elevated more than 5 feet above the street. Buildings should be built at or near streetside property lines.11 Aesthetic Compatibility.3.2.12 Sense of Permanence. For pedestrian-supportive street features. Exterior materials that are obviously simulated should be avoided. While it is not the City’s desire to insist that new architecture follow historic precedent.WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 4. 4. Exterior materials should be durable.3. the City should seek a heightened level of visual harmony through the design review process—relative to materials. with pedestrian-friendly streets and a high level of special enclosures created by taller buildings built close to the street. and transitional mass and scale. mechanical equipment. In all instances. Whenever new development is proposed immediately next to historic buildings or existing neighborhoods.” 4. Speciﬁc provisions for residential buildings are listed below and in Watsonville’s “Livable Community Design Guidelines. Speciﬁc strategies are discussed in the Natural Resources Element.2 on page 3-47). Goal 4. Active interior space should have windows that face the street. 4-12 .1. topography.13 Ecological Site Design. and the visual impact of parking. The downtown should oﬀer an attractive urban environment.1. it is expected that design responses to Watsonville’s climate and geography will make future projects sympathetic to Watsonville’s cultural heritage.1 The City should initiate and implement initiatives to encourage a downtown that is more vibrant and is more welcoming at all hours of the day and night. encourage a “sense of place” that is rooted in Watsonville’s unique climate. and cultural traditions.2. Highly fenestrated commercial uses are preferred at ground level within the downtown. The site design and landscaping for new development should address the need to ﬁlter pollutants from stormwater runoﬀ.2. and refuse contains should be mitigated. Implementation 4.3. improving the safety and comfort of pedestrians.11 Downtown Area Plan. history. garages. supporting a greater range of civic and cultural activities. and to avoid conditions where veneers are revealed. encouraging higherdensity mixed-use residential projects. Stormwater quality features are preferred. adding visitororiented uses.3 Good Urban Form in the Downtown and Corridor Areas. Speciﬁc objectives include: increasing retail-entertainment activity. If parking is visible below the active ground-ﬂoor. it should be visually mitigated. The City shall update the area plan for revitalizing and intensifying Watsonville’s central business district (CBD) according to policy 3. roof form.
1 on page 3-46. wellfenestrated commercial buildings are preferred along the ground-level of these mixed-use corridors/boulevards. and shared parking opportunities will reduce demand for parking.3. historic resource and economic considerations. develop and implement shared use parking measures to reduce parking needed and to more eﬃciently utilize present and future parking. 4. where walk-to destinations. Each corridor area plan should be comprehensive and integrate retail. The City should also consider planning and ﬁnancing the creation of multi-level parking garages as a way of supporting development on smaller parcels and of yielding eﬃciencies associated with shared parking.0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE 4.13 Parking.2 The City should implement initiatives for the Freedom Boulevard and East Lake corridors. and addressing economic realities for retail and mixeduse.” Active. The General Plan endorses reducing parking requirements to under one parking space per unit.21 Corridor-Boulevard Area Plans & Design Standards. the City shall investigate. The City should encourage comprehensive strategies for parking in the downtown.1. recreation. urban design. and Walker Street. Implementation 188.8.131.52. transit use. For additional discussion. see policy 3. East Lake and Main Street corridors. The initiatives should seek to transform these corridors into mixed-use boulevards by: encouraging new development with street-facing buildings.22 Corridor Urban Form. housing. Reductions in parking demand shall be studied further and reduced parking requirements shall be codiﬁed. transportation. Street-Facing Buildings. In particular. encouraging active uses within the ground ﬂoors of such buildings. where mixed-use boulevards are desired. parking. Corridors should oﬀer an attractive urban environment.13.1. portions of Main Street (between Freedom Boulevard and Pennsylvania).3. The City should develop design standards to guide the future character of mixed-use boulevards. Policy 4. establishing pedestrianfriendly streetscapes with strong civic identities. The City should develop area plans for portions of the Freedom. 4-13 . with a high level of special enclosures created by taller buildings built close to the street as described in “4.
Promotional materials might describe each corridor’s unique advantages. The City should solicit the interest of mixed-use and residential developers who have demonstrated a commitment to urban housing of a high quality.24 Housing in the Corridors. and a proforma of generic development opportunities. Additionally. 4. clear design guidelines and a pattern book of preferred housing types should be developed. Streetscapes that support mixed-use development along corridors should be encouraged.WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 4. 4-14 . deliver needed housing.3. Many General Plan policies encourage the transformation of existing strip commercial corridors into mixed-use boulevards to bring conveniences closer to residents.23 Street Design. the demographics and buying power within its market area.3. and support transit. The phasing of new development and street improvements should be coordinated. Transforming Major Corridors.
and create new neighborhoods consistent with the provisions of the General Plan and Watsonville’s “Livable Community Design Guidelines. and triplexes should be considered acceptable solutions for maintaining the scale of singlefamily areas.12 Infill Housing. and street frontages should be addressed by front facades.) 4-15 . Every residence’s front facade should face a street. or fenestrated vestibule.11 Relations of Buildings to Street.4. except when adjacent to Watsonville’s downtown and corridors/boulevards where higher density building types may be appropriate. inﬁll housing should be of a similar scale.0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE Goal 4. while allowing additional density. garage doors. Policy 4. Residences should be accessible directly from a street or from a path that connects directly to a street. (Illustrations assume mid-block or alley parking. mechanical equipment. stoop.4 Good Urban Form Through Residential Design. the “Residential Development Standards. In Watsonville’s established neighborhoods.4. orientation. Foster good urban form in the City through residential design.4. duplexes. public trail. or landscaped walkway.” and other policies to maintain the scale and character of established neighborhoods. The visual impact of parking. 4.4. and form as nearby structures. Residential Entrances. Accessory units.” Implementation 4.1 The City should revise zoning provisions. The front façade should include a clearly deﬁned primary entrance that includes a porch. and refuse containers should be mitigated.
4. New projects should also face building entrances and windows toward these features to provide informal surveillance.13 New Growth Areas.4.WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 4. Front facades should face into parks.1. and townhouses and apartments should be used to enclose parks spatially and put residents who have little or no yard adjacent to parks. Streets should provide convenient physical and visual access to these community features. New development should integrate these features as described in the Parks & Recreation Element. 4-16 . and Other Community Facilities.14 Integration of Parks.4. 4. Trails. See discussion in the Land Use Element on the New Growth Areas and on page 3-45 under policy 3.
Foster good urban form in the westside employment area of the City through intensiﬁcation of land use and application of design guidelines.1 The City shall promote strategies and programs that encourage intensiﬁcation within its westside employment area. Riverside Drive. 4. oﬃce and research activities should be placed along front facades to increase opportunities for windows.12 Building Orientation. New projects should help implement provisions within the Westside Streetscape Plan.4. Employment Intensification. Policy 4. the City should celebrate through design its connection to agriculture and recognize the importance of agricultural processing to the local economy. Administration. On Beach Street. new construction should place an attractive front façade and building entrance. Implementation 4. as new development and redevelopment occur. and to accommodate potential future buildings within the site. and the future trail along Watsonville Slough. At the same time.5. The City should encourage buildings that can be adapted to allow industrial uses to intensify and/or give way to oﬃce or research & development uses. or office space (bottom).13 Street Design.11 Flexibility.5.5. and may present opportunities for more intensive future employment such as: industrial with administration or research space at the street (middle).0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE Goal 4.5 Good Urban Form Through Employment Area Intensification. 4.5. Many existing industries have relatively low intensities (top). Development plans should identify opportunities to insert mezzanines or additional ﬂoors. 4-17 .
street by a qualiﬁed arborist. 4.” soil. traﬃc calming activities for the protection and decorative light ﬁxtures. pedestrian paths may be used to create 4. Trees should alignments and connections should provide maintain visual clearance at intersections reasonably direct routes to local destinations. Additional standards for neighborhoods.WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 Goal 4. that provide comfortable environments for poles. Travel lane of pedestrians.6. their design. and support adjacent land uses through 4.6 Design and Create Good Urban Streets. 4-18 . street’s function. 4. and are attractive reminders of Watsonville’s pride.6. Street trees Speciﬁc provisions for residential streets should be placed between the curb and are also contained in Watsonville’s “Livable sidewalk. or other features. and scale—especially in the downtown. widths and intersection curb radii should not exceed the minimum acceptable for the 4. New street networks should of pedestrian comfort and community connect with and extend the street pattern of identity. Street trees should be 4.1 The City should promote streetscapes pedestrians.12 Street Networks. ﬁre hydrants. The City should develop standards for Implementation alleys as they oﬀer an eﬃcient way to service and park street-facing buildings 4. these direct routes where streets are not The City should review existing street feasible because of existing development or lighting standards from the perspective topography. They should be ADA compliant and provide a clear path for Policy 4. Foster good urban form through designing and Sidewalks should be provided along building streets with the needs of pedestrians in mind. entrances and smaller Street standards should be adopted that setbacks. where a future need to circulate through a along corridors.11 Street Standards.17 Street Lights. drainage. pedestrians. Street stubs lighting can attain a more traditional form should be provided at interior property lines. Streets should be pedestrianThe City should continue to support friendly with street trees. such as retail and community facilities. where practical. Standards for street design The City should pursue a Citywide appear in the Transportation Element.6.16 Tree Planting. and irrigation for their continued health. adequate sidewalks.13 Sidewalks. all public streets. Trees should have prepared Community Design Guidelines. and identify ways that street established areas.14 Alleys.15 Traffic Calming. program of tree planting. accommodate cars.6. balance the needs of vehicles and pedestrians.6. with windows. uninterrupted by utility boxes. not more than 40 feet apart or as advised Where new streets are called for. and other public safety concerns.6. and in residential parcel is anticipated. street circulation appear in the Transportation Element.6.6.
4. 4.7. as provided for within the Historic Element. Implementation 4.5 Gateways and Vistas.7. as well as the enjoyment of natural and agricultural areas that surround the City. Encourage preservation of important City vistas. historic. The City should design and implement signage and landscaping for major points of entry into the City. as identiﬁed in Figure 4.5 Gateways and Vistas.7 Preserve Scenic Resources. The City should also control the character of visually prominent locations. 4. 4. particularly of natural.0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE Goal 4. and agricultural heritage features of Watsonville.12 Gateways. 4-19 .7.13 Vistas.14 Historic Resources. and the end of important urban vistas. such as “gateways” into the City. Natural resources shall be conserved and enhanced as provided for in the Natural Resources Element. The conﬁgurations of major streets give some parcels exceptional visual prominence. The City should endeavor to conserve and enhance its historic resources through context-sensitive design.7. The visual sensitivity of projects proposed in these locations should be considered during design review. Policy 4.7.11 Natural Resources.1 The City should seek to preserve and enhance visual enjoyment of natural and historic features within Watsonville. as described in Figure 4. Fences should complement and should not obscure historic resources.
5 Gateways and Vistas Gateways and Vistas. 4-20 . Unique visual opportunities are created when entering town from the countryside (“gateways”) and views where major streets bend (“vistas”).WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 Figure 4.
Development project proposals should conform with adopted guidelines. remodeling or renovation projects deemed signiﬁcant. Policy 4. The City shall update the sign ordinance. streets. and elevate the quality of construction and design. 4. New guidelines should also accompany future area plans and speciﬁc plans.11 Project Review. the City should require integrated sign programs for projects with multiple business tenants. Conditions should be placed on proposed development to ensure that Design Review Guidelines for signs and advertising criteria are followed. streets. 4. modiﬁed to be in conformance with General Plan provisions.12 Uniform Sign Program. Existing guidelines should be reviewed and. new guidelines may be needed. Goal 4. lettering and location) are aesthetically pleasing and compatible with the surroundings. and that criteria for speciﬁc zoning districts are implemented. Enhance and expand development project review procedures to ensure conformance with policies that encourage appropriate relationships among buildings.8. if necessary.1 Signage.1 Development project review procedures should continue and expand consideration of appropriate relationships among buildings.12 Design Guidelines. The design review process shall be used to ensure that signs (materials.11 Conditions on Development. and open space.9. and seek to elevate the quality of construction and design.8 Aesthetically Pleasing Signage. Encourage use of signage and wayﬁnding markers that are aesthetically pleasing. For some uses.9 Encourage Design Quality. 4-21 . In order to discourage visual clutter. 4. Project proposals for non-single-family uses should undergo development review according to chapter 14-12 Part 4 of the Watsonville Municipal Code.13 Modify Sign Ordinance.4. color.9. size. Implementation 4. Implementation 4.8. parking. Policy 4.9. and open space.8. Guidelines should contain measurable provisions to provide consistency and streamline the review process. parking.0 URBAN DESIGN and HUMAN SCALE Goal 4.8. Project review should apply to new construction.
and roof form. garage. Considerations include: building orientation. and ease of maintenance.WatsonvilleVISTA 2030 4. character. so as to blend with architectural style. and human comfort. erosion control. materials. for enclosure.13 Design Factors. solar access. with regard to landscaping. and exterior ﬁnishes.9. water conservation. adequate irrigation. seasonal color. antennae and mechanical neighborhood character. utilities. so as to mitigate its visual and social eﬀects along pedestrian paths. color. privacy. pedestrian movement. avoid glare oﬀsite or into residences. and encourage an attractive and humanscaled architecture and landscaping. with regard to their 4-22 . for safety. historic adjacencies and additions. durability. and transitioning mass and scale. and coordination with landscaping and pedestrian movement. respond appropriately to context. loading. proportions of openings. and provide safe areas. including the avoidance of blank walls. suggesting stylistic considerations. The design review process should encourage projects that support General Plan goals and policies. entry. equipment. with regard lighting. trees. in an eﬀort to screen through discrete placement. convenience and comfort. undergrounding or screening. and topography. views. regional and local precedents. relative to to front façade. equipment. and. parking.
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