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ME 2204 -FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY

Question bank

1. Define moody diagram? 2. Write down the Darcy weishbach equation and explain the terms in it 3. What are rotodynamic pump? Give example 4. What are high head turbines ?give example 5. Find the height of a mountain where the atmospheric pressure is equal to 730mm of Hg at normal condition. 6. What is the function of a draft tube? 7. What is known as specific speed? 8. What is meant by priming? 9. What is T. E. L & H. E. L? 10. define (i) Froude number (ii) Prandtl number 11. What is Moody’s diagram and explain how to find friction factor 12. The converging pipe with inlet and the outlet diameters of 200mm and 150mm carries the oil whose specific gravity 0.8. The velocity of oil at the entry is 2.5m/s .find the velocity at the exit of pipe and oil flow rate in kg/sec. 13. Differentiate the laminar and turbulent flow? 14. What is total energy gradient line? 15. What is Minor loss in pipe flow? 16. Describe total energy line and Hydraulic grade line. 17. Define boundary layer and give its significance. 18. Find the loss of head when a pipe of diameter 200mm is suddenly enlarged to a diameter of 400mm. rate of flow of water through the pipe is 250 litres/s. 19. Define stream line? 20. What is Reynolds number and give its significance 21. express efficiency in terms of dimensionless parameter using density, viscosity

,angular velocity ,diameter of the rotor, and discharge using Buckingham Πtheorem

22. Using Buckingham Pi theorem, determine the dimensionless P parameters involved in the problem of determining pressure drop along a straight horizontal circular pipe. ∆p pressure drop, ρ density, V averaged velocity, μ viscosity, L pipe length, D pipe diameter. Therefore the pressure drop is a function of five variables. 23. classify the models with scale ratio

24. determine the power given by the jet of water to the runner of a pelton wheel which is having tangential velocity of 20m/s .the net head on the turbine is 50m and water discharge through the jet is 0.03 m3/s .the side clearance angle is 150 and the CV =0.975 25. The external and internal diameters of an inward flow reaction turbine are 1.2m and 0.6m. the head on the runner is 22m and the velocity of flow through the runner constant and equal to 2.5m/s .the guide blade angle is given as 100 and the runner vanes are radial at inlet .if the discharge at outlet is radial ,determine (i) the speed of the turbine (ii) the vane angle at outlet of the runner (iii) hydraulic efficiency 26. A horizontal pipe of diameter 500mm is suddenly contracted to a diameter of 250mm .the pressure intensities in the large and smaller pipe is given as 13.734 N/cm2. Find the loss of head due to sudden contraction if Ce. also determine the rate of flow of water. 27. A 30cm diameter pipe conveying water branches into two pipes of diameters 20cm and 15cm. if the average velocity in the 30 cm diameter pipe is 2.5 m/s .find the discharge in this pipes also determine the velocity in 5cm diameter pipe if the average velocity in 20cm diameter pipe is 2m/s 28. A crude oil of kinematics viscosity 0.4X 10-4 m2/s is flowing through a pipe of diameter 300mm at the rate of 300litre/s .find the head lost due to friction for length of 50m pipe 29. Describe pipes in series. Three pipes 0.4m, 0.2m, 0.3m diameter have lengths of 400m, 200m and 300m. They are connected in series. The difference of water levels is 16m. Friction factor=0.02. Find the discharge through the compound pipe neglecting minor losses. 30. 31. A pipe of 300mm diameter inclined at 30o to the horizontal is carrying gasoline (specific gravity =0.82). A venturimeter is fitted in the pipe to find out the flow rate whose throat is 1.2 m from the entrance along its length. The pressure gauge fitted to the venturimeter read 140 kN/m2 and 80 kN/m2 respectively .find out the coefficient

.find out the coefficient of discharge of venturimeter if the flow is m3/s. 32. At a sudden enlargement of water main from 240mm to 480mm diameter, the hydraulic gradient rise by 10mm. estimate the rate of flow. 33. A 150mm diameter pipe reduces in diameter .if the pipe carries water at 30 litre/sec, calculate the pressure loss across the contraction. Take the coefficient of contraction as 0.6.

34. A pipe of 300mm diameter inclined at 30o to the horizontal is carrying gasoline (specific gravity =0.82). A venturimeter is fitted in the pipe to find out the flow rate whose throat is 1.2 m from the entrance along its length. The pressure gauge fitted to the venturimeter read 140 kN/m2 and 80 kN/m2 respectively .find out the coefficient .find out the coefficient of discharge of venturimeter if the flow is m3/s

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