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Maths in daily life — Presentation Transcript

MATHEMATICS IN DAILY LIFE ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION - MATHS IN NATURE -MATHS HELP OUR LIVES - MATHS INENGINEERING - GEOMETRY IN CIVIL -MATHS IN MEDICINE - MATHS INBIOLOGY MATHS IN MUSIC - MATHS INFORENSIC - CONCLUSION. INTRODUCTION What use is maths in everyday life? "Maths is all around us, its everywhere we go". Its a lyric that could so easily have been sung by Wet Wet Wet. It may not have made it onto the Four Weddings soundtrack, but it certainly would have been profoundly true. Not only does maths underlie every process and pattern that occurs in the world around us, but having a good understanding of it will help enormously in everyday life. Being quick at mental arithmetic will save you pounds in the supermarket, and a knowledge of statistics will help you see through the baloney in television adverts or newspaper articles, and to understand the torrent of information youll hear about your local football team. MATHS IN NATURE HEXAGON IN NATUREA honeycomb is an array of hexagonal (six- sided) cells, made of wax produced by worker bees. Hexagons fit together to fill all the available space, giving a strong structure with no gaps. Squares would also fill the space, but would not give a rigid structure. Triangles would fill the space and be rigid, but it would be difficult to get honey out of their corners. FRACTIONS OF TOMATO You can cut all sorts of fruit and vegetables into fractions: cut a tomato in half, an apple into quarters or a banana into eighths, although you would have to be very accurate. An orange might have 20 segments, and each would be a 20th of the whole orange ROTATIONAL SYMMETRY IN GLOBE A globe is a good example of rotational symmetry in a three-dimensional object. The globe keeps its shape as it is turned on its stand around an imaginary line between the north and south poles. The globe shown here dates from the late 15th or early 16th century and is one of the earliest three-dimensional representations of the surface of the Earth. It can be found in the Historical Academy in Madrid. UNDERSTANDING PERCENTAGE

SPOTTING DODGY STATISTICSHow many adverts have youheard that make some claimsuch as "8 out of 10 womenprefer our shampoo to their oldone"? Did those enthusiaststhink it was greatly better. a £10 note and a £20 note. DECIMAL CALCULATOR A pocket calculator is one way in which decimals are used in everyday life. It said that in many of the supermarkets buying in bulk. The supermarket chains may be exploiting the assumption people have that buying in bulk is cheaper. and so £10 is 50 per cent of £20. If 50 pence is 50 per cent of £1. for example picking up a six-pack of beer rather than six single cans. the 7 is worth 700 (seven hundreds). In this photograph. This photograph shows three British currency notes: a £5 note. then £5 is 50 per cent of £10. or shape ofthe bottle? . or that theypreferred the smell. was in fact more expensive. the 8 is worth 80 (eight tens) and the 6 is worth 6 (six ones). one hundredth of £1 is therefore 1 pence. but if you work it out quickly in your head youll never be caught out. As there are 100 pence in £1. The value of each digit shown is determined by its place in the entire row of numbers on the screen.  The newspaper found that the difference can be as much as 30%. meaning that 1 per cent of £1 is 1 pence. SYMMETRY IN TOWER MATHS HELPING OUR LIVES An article in the Sunday Times in June 2004 revealed the fact that you cant even assume that buying larger bags of exactly the same pasta would work out cheaper. ornot really much of a difference?What about the other 20%?They might have absolutelyhated it because it made alltheir hair fall out! And whatquestion were they answering:that they really believe it madetheir hair any cleaner than adifferent shampoo.Using money is a good way of understanding percentages. From this we can calculate that 50 per cent of £1 is 50 pence.

The panels are also shaped in the shape of squares. of course. This is a modern reconstruction of the English Wigwam. boats and ships. But someone has built the house you are in. This someone is most likely an engineer. The house itself is half a cylinder. and There is a base for it also which makes it a cone. squares and a sphere. Whats more. As you can see the tower is formed by a large cube. There are also many 3D geometric shapes in these pyramids. or determining the amount of solar energy necessary to power a car. which is marked with the right angles. Engineers are responsible for just about everything we take for granted in the world around us. . The windows are parallelogram. like always. in Chicago. CUBES AND CONES This is the Hancock Tower. to access to clean drinking water. and provided you with running water for the tea. the windows a made up of tinted squares. tunnels and football stadiums. This English Wigwam is also half a cylinder. The openings and windows are all made up of parallelograms. With the sticks in place they form squares when they intercepts. such as generating energy from the sun. you will be happy to stay at home a while longer and have a nice hot cup of tea. aircraft. PYRAMIDS This is the Pyramids. wind or waves. The doorways are rectangle. engineers help to develop things which are important for the future. GEOMETRY IN CIVIL This a pictures with some basic geometric structures. They also design and build vehicles. As you can there the door way is a rectangle. this building is made up of cubes. in Indianapolis. The building itself is made up of a pyramid. and the borders of the outside walls and windows are made up of 3D geometric shapes. This house is much similar to the one before. Except for really planes can go on forever. Much of them are rectangles and squares. and the wooden panels on the side of the house are made up of planes and lines. whether it is working out how much concrete is needed to build a bridge. The cube is the main building and the squares are the windows. and squares. It used a rectangle as a doorway. With this image. we can show you more 3D shapes. The house was made with sticks which was straight lines at one point. There is a point at the top where all the sides meet. The other structure is made up of a cone. LINES&PLANES Here is another modern reconstruction if of a English Wigwam. made sure it keeps the cold out and the warmth in. from tall buildings.MATHS IN ENGINEERING • If it is rainy and cold outside. PARALLELOGRAMS This is a modern day skyscraper at MIT. This is a parallelogram kind of building. SPHERE AND CUBE This is another building at MIT. On this building There is a structure on the room that is made up of a sphere. Maths is involved in everything an engineer does. The pyramids are made up of pyramids.

What shapes are rigid or flexible. the doors are rectangular prisms.  Symmetry is a central concept of many studies in science . using geometry and related areas (combinatorics.Robotics. This goes over into all levels of design. since 1870s the defining characteristic of geometric studies .how images are transformed when viewed in various ways. The wheels and lights are circles. If a person would look very closely the person would see a lot more shapes in the car. etc.g. the main area for a person to drive and sit in it a half a sphere with the sides chopped off which makes it 1/4 of a sphere. . Mad Cow Disease is caused by the introduction of a shape into the brain (a shape carried by a protein). and other medical measurements. ). STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING Structural engineering. MATHS IN MEDICINE Medical imaging . to instruct people or machines to build the shapes. This car is built with geometry. Students struggle in university science if they are not able to detect symmetries of an object (molecule in stereo chemistry. computer-aided geometric design. Representing shapes in computers. shape.and also the central concept of modern studies of geometry. Computer graphics is based on geometry . (e. form.. or how to move a large shape without collission.something that we are just now working to model. systems of laws in physics. Protein modeling. Robotic vision. biology.RECTANGLES AND CIRCLES This is a Chevrolet SSR Roadster Pickup. Lots of new geometry and other math was (and still is being) developed for this. and function of many things. Statics (resolution of forces) is essentially geometry. and relative position of figures and with properties of space. topology). the overlay of parts in a building construction. even parts of computer animation). and using these descriptions to create to reconstruct the shape of a tumor from CAT scans. planning how to grasp a shape with a robot arm. the study of transformations and related symmetries has been.. MATHS IN BIOLOGY  Physics. in computers. GEOMETRY IN CAD  Geometry is a part of mathematics concerned with questions of size. Too many to list. Much of the function of a protein is determined by its shape and how the pieces move. even approximately. chemistry. Many drugs are designed to change the shape or motions of a protein . the hood of a car. Geometry is one of the oldest sciences Computer-aided design. how they respond to forces and stresses.

Despite this impressive pedigree. This is called the prime limit of the scale. all tones are regular number harmonics of a single fundamental frequency. abstract algebra. one of the scales Johannes Kepler presents in his Harmonice Mundi or Harmonics of the World of 1619. This has led to musical applications of set theory. Efforts By:-  Vaibhav Agrawal VIII-D . it is only one out of large number of somewhat similar scales. Music scholars have also used mathematics to understand musical scales. MATHS IN FORENSICMATHS IS APLLIED TO CLARIFY THEBLURRED IMAGE TO CLEAR IMAGE. Below is a typical example of a 5-limit justly tuned scale. 3 and 5 is called a 5-limit scale. and some composers have incorporated the Golden ratio and Fibonacci numbers into their work. INTONATION  If we take the ratios constituting a scale in just intonation. there will be a largest prime number to be found among their prime factorizations.THIS IS DONE BY USINGDIFFERENTIAL AND INTEGRALCALCULUS. A scale which uses only the primes 2.MATHS IN MUSIC  Music theorists often use mathematics to understand musical structure and communicate new ways of hearing music. The same scale was given in transposed form by Alexander Malcolm in 1721 and theorist Jose Wuerschmidt in the last century and is used in an inverted form in the music of northern India. in connection with planetary motion. American composer Terry Riley also made use of the inverted form of it in his "Harp of New Albion". and number theory. in such a scale.