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Wikipedia has an article on: Catenative verb
These are verbs which can be followed directly by another verb, in either the to infinitive or present participle / gerund forms. For example He deserves to win the cup. Where deserve is a catenative verb which can be followed directly by another verb, in this case in the to infinitive form. Most of these verbs demand that the following verb be in one or the other form only. few can take both forms, b!t sometimes there is a difference in meaning. They are called catenative from their ability to form chains. We promised to agree to try practicing playing tennis more often. "f yo! are thinking of adding to this list, it is most important to disting!ish between a real catenative verb, s!ch as decide I decided to work. and a normal verb followed by an infinitive of purpose #French: pour$ or a descriptive gerund. good example of a non% catenative verb that co!ld easily be conf!sed is leave where I left to work is in reality I left (home), followed by a p!rpose, To go to, or do, some work. descriptive ger!nd example: She left crying. is in reality a description meaning She left and at the same time she was crying.
 Catenative Verbs Followed by an Infinitive
help At last I can afford to buy a new car.
Note The to is optional. I helped to pack her ags. I helped pack her ags.
He agreed to work on Saturday.
If you hesitate to make the reservation, you could lose the discount.
We aim to please all our clients. hope
I appear to have forgotten my glasses. long
I hope to see my aunt this week! end.
arrange I am longing to go to "aris.
I think we can arrange to put you
in a dou le room. promise bother I promise to tell the truth. b!t sometimes it is !sed to differentiate between general ability pretend and a partic!lar sit!ation. $ormally I can do these pro lems. attempt • I plan to play foot all this week! end. • I offered to carry her suitcase for her. • He didn%t bother to ask for permision. and not efore. I swear to tell the truth. . Would you care to choose another one. Ask #ohn. be able to prepare • • Note This is also considered an • Always be prepared to help others a!xiliary modal verb similar to can. plan This is the second time we have attempted to climb the mountain. condescend • swear • I don%t know if the Senator will condescend to see us. He will be able to help • I know you are only pretending to you. sir& seem • choose • 'ou seem to be rather tired today. I will go when I choose to go. whenever you can. • He proceeded to apply the lotion as instructed. proceed • beg • I beg to differ on that point. consent tend • It tends to snow here in winter. strive • He strives to teach well. ut I am not able to solve this one. offer ask • • He asked to leave early. be asleep. ref!se • care • I refuse to take such silly advice.
happen • If it happens to fall.• He consented to pay for the dinner. Note This is considered a semi% modal a!xiliary verb. Note #'($ !sage with ger!nd below. • I wish to complain to the manager. threaten • dare He threatened to call the police. the modal form is preferred. He didn%t dare clim the tree. wish • We decided to buy the pink one in the end. expect • wo!ld like I expect to receive the payment any day now. have Note have to is also considered an a!xiliary modal verb similar to m!st. • He didn%t dare to clim the tree. • I would like to drink some water. want • • • • I can%t wait to see her face when I tell her) decide I want to play the guitar. deserve 'ou don%t deserve to be treated like that. . meaning obligation I have to go to work now. •  Catenative Verbs Used in Passive Voice Followed by an Infinitive Note These verbs are not fo!nd in catenative form with to infinitive except in the passive voice. fail • I fail to understand your argument. (ust put it ack up again. &artic!larly in wait negative.
Note This verb is fo!nd with to infinitive in some set phrases. avoid recommend • "lease avoid touching the goods on display. • I wish I could quit smoking. • I recall meeting you at the convention in $ew 'ork.allowed • 'ou are allowed to wear (eans here. +ee . permit • *ut you are permitted to smoke in here. • +o they permit smoking in here& advise • practice and practise I advise leaving immediately. can*t help regret • I can’t help liking the way he smiles. • I can recommend washing your clothes with this product. appreciate recall • I would appreciate receiving more help with this. asked • We were asked to leave y the ack door. re)!est • 'ou are requested to leave immediately. • I like to practice playing the piano every day.  Catenative Verbs Followed by a Gerund admit • permit He admitted taking the money. allow )!it • We do not allow smoking here. forbid • 'ou are forbidden to smoke in here.
• I suggest asking your teacher a out it. Have you considered working at the factory& resist • delay • How can you resist eating those lovely chocolates& We had to delay travelling ecause of the weather. stand Note This verb is most commonly fo!nd in the form can*t stand. imagine • . I regret telling him a out the party now. res!me • deny • We will resume discussing this matter tomorrow. risk • detest We can%t risk working in the dark. I gave up smoking last year.complete • • next section. They forbid smoking in the restaurant.oy s!ggest • I enjoy watching snooker on the T. • I detest working on Sundays. Means re)!ire or need. That door wants painting. let me know.. I have completed painting the kitchen. • en. • forbid • Note #'($ !sage. escape tolerate • He escaped being run over y a out a millisecond) • I won%t tolerate swearing in this office. I deny taking the money. resent • consider • I resent seeing him en(oying himself as if nothing has happened. finish want • When you finish painting the shed. I can’t stand walking in the rain. give !p Note -atenative phrasal verbs in general are followed by the ger!nd. dislike • I dislike working on Saturdays.
. I intend finishing this. please& miss • I miss playing foot all with my friends. contin!e • • It continued to rain.• -an you imagine winning the lottery& imply • This plan implies buying an e. love • I love to swim in the sea. mind • Would you mind closing the window. intend • • I intend to finish this. It began raining.  Catenative Verbs Followed by a To Infinitive or a Gerund  No difference in meaning bear • • Note This verb is most commonly fo!nd in the form can*t bear.pensive piece of e/uipment. begin • • It began to rain. I can’t bear hearing him sing. I can’t bear to hear him sing. It continued raining.
except in certain set phrases with tell. regret Note This verb is normally followed by the ger!nd.• I love swimming in the sea. I prefer working alone. I neglected painting ehind the cup oard. I regret to tell you that the show has een cancelled. #" have the c!stom. I started learning Spanish three years ago. #" did not forget that " was s!pposed to lock the door. #"ntention.oy. #+ignify. ut I forgot. prefer • • I prefer to work alone.$ I like going to the cinema every week. # n activity that " en. "mply$ remember • I remembered to lock the door. neglect • • I neglected to paint ehind the cup oard.$ like • • I like to go to the dentist every 0 months. " do not necessarily en.$ mean • • I meant to tell her yesterday. I regret inviting him to the party now. #" remember that it is something " meant to do b!t didn*t do. " intended to tell her.  Difference in meaning forget • • I forgot to go to the shopping centre.$ The promotion will mean moving to a new area. and inform. • • • start • • I started to learn Spanish three years ago. and " locked it.$ I forget going to the shopping centre. #" cannot remember if " went there or not. I regret to have to inform you that your rother has had a serious accident.$ .oy it. say.
$  Catenative Verbs Followed by a bare Infinitive dare Note This is considered a semi%modal a!xiliary verb. I stopped driving. Remember to lock the door when you go out. • propose • • I propose to open up a little shop. the modal form is preferred. the imperative form can only take the to infinitive.!t some so!rces state that it is nothing more than ellipsis of the first activity in ger!nd form. #" attempted and failed in an activity. I can%t go watch that movie. #This co!ld be an ellipsed form of I stopped driving.$ I tried opening the door. Then I tried opening the window. for a gro!p activity.• I remember locking the door. 1I have the intention of doing something2 I propose going to that nice little restaurant y the each.$ • • try • • I tried to open the door. . He didn%t dare to clim the tree. I helped pack her ags.$ stop Note Many so!rces state that this has two meaning.$ Note For this reason. &artic!larly in negative. • • • help • • Note The to is optional. followed by the p!rpose to drink some coffee. I stopped to drink some coffee. #" can remember that " did this activity. followed by an infinitive of purpose. or make a proposal. He didn%t dare clim the tree. /either s!ccess nor fail!re is implied. He daren%t clim the tree. go • • o clean your room. #" made an attempt or experiment. as context will always allow !s to know what activity has stopped. #" s!ggest. ut it was locked. . I helped to pack her ags.
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