You are on page 1of 5

MODELOS BSICOS DE ORACIONES ENUNCIATIVAS EN INGLS

1 - Subject + Verb (S + V pattern): My brother is sleeping - Mi hermano est durmiendo

2 - Subject + Verb + Direct Object (S + V + O pattern): I am reading a book - Estoy leyendo un libro Sam plays the piano - Sam toca el piano

3 - Subject + Linking Verb + Subject Complement (S + LV + C pattern): este complemento puede ser tanto una frase nominal como un adjetivo Frank is not a teacher (frase nominal) - Frank no es profesor They are tired (adjetivo) - Ellos estn cansados Ejemplos de Linking Verbs: "Be", "Look", "Feel", "Taste", "Smell", "Sound", "Seem", "Appear", "Get", "Become", "Grow", "Stay", "Keep", "Turn", "Prove", "Go", "Remain", "Resemble", "Run" y "Lie".

4- Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object (S + V + IO + DO pattern): a) His parents bought him(IO) a car (DO)- Sus padres le compraron un coche b) He made me(IO) some coffee (DO) - Me hizo caf c) He sent his son (IO) a letter(DO) - Le envi una carta a su hijo. d) I gave Sally (IO) a present (DO) - Le di un regalo a Sally. Lgicamente, esta estructura solo es posible con aquellos verbos que admiten dos objetos. Los ms usuales son: "bring", "give", "buy", "send", "sell", "show", "tell", "teach", "offer", "write" y "lend", entre otros.

Es posible invertir estos complementos si "convertimos" el objeto indirecto en una frase preposicional introducida por "to" o "for" sin que por ello se altere el significado de la oracin: I gave Sally (IO) a present (DO) = I gave a present(DO) to Sally (IO)

5- Subject + Verb + Adverbial (S + V + A pattern): a) My sister lives here- Mi hermana vive aqu (Adverbial = adverbios, frases adverbiales o sintagmas preposicionales)

6 -Subject + Verb + Object + Adverbial: I didn't eat breakfast yesterday morning. Si en una oracin aparece ms de un "adverbial", el orden ms usuales "manner", "place" y "time" (modo, lugar y tiempo): He sang beautifully in the concert hall last night. John sang that song happily in the kitchen yesterday morning.

7 - Subject + Verb + Object + Object Complement: a) I left the window open - Dej la ventana abierta b) They elected him president - Le eligieron presidente. c) They named the baby Edward - Al beb le llamaron Edward.

PRINCIPALES PRONOMBRES INTERROGATIVOS EN INGLS question word pronombre interrogativo

uso

ejemplo Who gave you the book? Who did you give the book to? Who did you see? To whom did you give the book? Whom did you see? What is it? What did you see? What are you doing? What clothes do you usually wear? What day is it today? Whose car is it? Where is the station? Where are you going? Where are you from? When did you have breakfast? How are you? Why are you so late? What do you need this for? Which car do you like better - the red one or the blue one?

who

quin

sujeto, objeto (persona)

whom*

quin

objeto (persona: estilo formal)

what

qu

sujeto u objeto, si no es una persona objeto indeterminado

whose where where from when how why what for

de quin dnde a dnde

pertenencia/posesin lugar(ubicacin, direccin)

de dnde

lugar (origen)

cundo cmo por qu para qu

momento en el tiempo modo(adjetivo) causa objetivo

which

cul

seleccin determinada

ESTRUCTURA DE LAS ORACIONES INTERROGATIVAS


VERBO TO BE Presente : (question Word) + am / is / are + sujeto + complementos? Pasado simple : (question Word) + was / were + sujeto + complementos? VERBO TO HAVE GOT Presente : (question Word) + have / has + sujeto + got + complementos? PRESENTE SIMPLE: ( question word) Do / Does + Sujeto + Verbo + Complementos ? PRESENTE CONTINUO: ( question word) Am / is / are + Sujeto + Verbo-ing + Complementos ? PASADO SIMPLE: ( question word) Did + Sujeto + Verbo + Complementos ? PASADO CONTINUO: ( question word) Was / were + Sujeto + Verbo-ing + Complementos ? PASADO PERFECTO: ( question word) Had + Sujeto + Verbo-ed / 3columna + Complementos PRESENTE PERFECTO SIMPLE: ( question word) Have / has + Sujeto + Verbo-ed / 3columna + Complementos ? FUTURO SIMPLE ( question word) Will + Sujeto + verbo + Complementos? BE GOING TO: ( question word) Am / Is / Are + sujeto + going to + verbo+ Complementos? FUTURO PERFECTO ( question word) Will + Sujeto + have + verbo-ed / 3 columna + Complementos? FUTURO CONTINUO ( question word) Will + Sujeto + be + verbo-ing + Complementos ? CONDITIONAL ( question word) would + Sujeto + verbo + Complementos ?