GEO118 – exercise 2 winter, 2003

due: week 3, beginning of lab

Freehand Tutorial
For the first few lab exercises we will use a graphics application called Macromedia Freehand. Freehand is a vector-based graphics package widely used in cartography and graphic design shops. Vector graphics contain graphic objects or shapes that are made up of lines or curves called vectors. Raster graphics are the other graphic type on which graphics software can be based. We will talk about these in a few weeks, but all you need to know for now is that raster images are made up of little squares called pixels. Pixel stands for “picture element”, the smallest unit a raster image can contain. Raster based software always reference individual pixels rather that objects or shapes. Accessing the class file server All the files you need for this lab will be located in a directory on L: called Geog118. To access this directory, do the following: Open ‘Lab##’ (where ## is the number of your computer) and double click “labs on ‘UBAR’ (L:)” Double click on the folder called Geog118. Double click on the folder called Handouts. There will be a file called FHTutorial.fh10 in the week02 folder. Copy this file to your desktop by dragging the icon to a clear green spot. The file you just copied is an unfinished map of the Boulder, Colorado area.

Double click on the file that you copied to you directory. Since it is a Freehand file (.fh10), Freehand will automatically open. It takes a little time, so be patient. When it opens fully you should see the beginnings of a map. What you are looking at is the Boulder, Colorado County boundary with various roads and rivers on it. Selecting and Deselecting Take your mouse and select the boundary of Boulder County by clicking once on it. Notice the four black squares that appear when you click on it. These squares tell us that the boundary is selected. Click on a blank place on the page to deselect it or press TAB. Now try selecting and deselecting some of the roads and rivers. Make sure you know when they are selected and deselected. When an object is selected you can move it around, delete it, change its color, or do a number of other operations on it. Try moving the boundary a bit, by clicking and dragging it a bit to the left. Go to the menu items and select EDIT, the first choice under this item is UNDO (whatever you just did). If you moved your boundary line and want it back to its original position select UNDO MOVE. You can use undo to reverse your actions one by one. The number of undos can be set under EDIT and PREFERENCES. You have many undos, but don’t depend on them! If you want to select more than one object, you can click on the first item you want to select, hold down the Shift key, and select a second item. This is called shift clicking. Try selecting multiple roads and rivers. Make sure you are comfortable with shift clicking.
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You should see a layer palette on your screen that looks like this: Right now everything on your screen is in one layer. it will tell you percentage of magnification.Magnification Make sure your “Tools” palette is open. drag a box around the whole map. Select the magnifying glass icon by clicking on it with your mouse once (on right. The toolbox should be visible on your screen. This is one method of magnifying so that a specific area is under magnification. Another method of magnifying is under the VIEW and MAGNIFICATION menu. Also. Notice after you click on it your mouse cursor now looks like a magnifying glass rather than a pointer. the Foreground layer. notice that as you zoom out the magnification percentages decrease.. near bottom). You can choose any magnification from this list. you can click and hold on this arrow shown above to get a menu of magnifications. You can type any magnification you would like into the magnification window. it will zoom in even further. Practice this method of magnifying a bit. Notice that when you click on the check mark. Notice that on the lower left hand corner of the screen. and look like this. (Alt click. You can use this to zoom in and out on the map. It also fits a particular area of your map to the screen. and so does your map! This check mark controls what is visible on your map.) Notice that when you do this your mouse cursor changes to a magnifying glass with a minus sign in it.. The check mark should reappear. and so page 2 . In addition there is a menu to choose magnification in the lower left hand corner of your screen. To do this go to the “Windows” menu and make sure there is a check mark next to “tools”. It is important to know how to use the layers palette in order to organize your map and control what can be selected and what cannot. While you still have the magnifying tool. There are other ways of changing the magnification. To zoom out simply hold the ‘ALT’ key on your keyboard while clicking on the map. There are two ways you can use the magnifying glass. Make the map visible by clicking in the space where the check mark was originally. Click on the check mark next to the Foreground layer. If you click again. This will center the page on the screen. If you ever “lose” your map try using this menu to magnify to FIT PAGE. You can simply click any place on the map and it will zoom in on that spot. Layers Layers are a key feature of a good graphics package. PANELS and select LAYERS. it disappears. In addition. To access the layers palette go to WINDOW .

This is because when the layer is locked it cannot be selected. Go to FILE in the menu options and choose SAVE AS. Now we need to add all of the roads to this layer. To see if it worked click the check mark next to the Roads layer. If you do not. by shift-clicking to select multiple rivers. your typing will not register on the layers palette. Select “Desktop” from the list. Drawing Lines and Curves There are several roads missing from your map. You should get a new layer in the palette called “Layer-1. Click on the three polygons on the far left of the map. Use the check mark to determine if you have successfully added all of the rivers to this layer. Make the Roads layer visible and invisible by clicking the check mark on and off. Look at the map. lock it. You shouldn’t be able to select anything. This is one way of protecting your map. which is not visible. Then click on the Roads layer. Right now all of the roads are on the foreground layer. Now name your file with your last name. Select your pointer tool (top left of tool palette) and shift-click all of the roads that you can. Do the same as above to add a new layer named Parks. Now click on the “lock” icon next to the foreground layer.” Double click on Layer-1 and type the new name “Roads” and hit enter. A new menu should appear. these are the Parks you want to add to the layer palette. When the Rivers layer is complete. Now unlock the foreground layer by clicking on the lock. Now do the same thing with the rivers. did all of the roads disappear? If you still have some roads visible on the map that means that they are not on the roads layer. Once they are added to the Parks layer. Now you will not be able to select any roads until you unlock that layer. If you would like.should your map. the Diagonal Highway (Hwy 119) that runs from Boulder to Longmont. We want to make three new layers. type the new name “Rivers” and hit enter. We have one more layer to make. First. Saving Let’s save what you have done so far. We want a roads layer. Now add all of the rivers to this layer. Click the down arrow next to where it says “personal” and scroll to the top of the list. A window will appear asking you where you want to save the file and what you would like to name it. Click on the new Layer-1 in the layers palette. It is very important to hit return. Under the arrow menu. The remainder of the map information can remain on the foreground layer. Click on the Rivers layer to add them to this layer. and a parks layer. lock that layer by clicking on the lock icon next to the roads. lock that layer as well. The other is at the west end of Table Mesa which runs up to NCAR (curvy road starting where the brown star is). Are all the roads on the layer? Once you have all of the roads on the roads layer. you can rename this layer “Basemap”. page 3 . When objects are locked they cannot be changed in any manner. click on the right arrow atop the layers window (highlighted in red on previous page). Now try to select something on your map. Choose “new” from the menu. a rivers layer. You can save your file temporarily on your desktop. When you click on this notice that the lock closes. Select the remaining roads and click on the Roads layer. This automatically moves all of the roads that you selected to this layer. make a new layer. and this is the Parks layer. One is “the Diag”.

(See picture ) Try drawing a squiggly line by simply clicking and dragging the mouse. See below for shaping the look of the road. Okay.First let’s draw “the Diag” (where the green diamond is). We are just practicing some of the tools in Freehand. let’s try another tool used for drawing lines. Click on the Freehand tool. we want it to sit on the Roads layer. Click and drag to draw three sections of lines like those below connecting Boulder and Longmont. page 4 . Click on the line tool (see image below). Make sure all of your layers are locked except for the Roads layer. Since we are drawing a road. so it doesn’t have to be geographically perfect. Use the map above as a guideline. Notice that your mouse cursor has changed again from an arrow to a cross bar. Try drawing a curvy road at the Baseline/Broadway intersection (where the brown star is in the map).

SAVE your work. Practice with this tool a bit. Now click near Longmont on the map. Lock all of the layers except for the Cities layer. First make a new layer called Cities. Move Longmont so that it is placed somewhere where it is legible but also can be associated with the area symbol representing Longmont. Now click on the text to select it. you must select the arrow icon from the toolbox. Text The text tool allows you to add text to your map. You can move blocks of text around as objects. You may need to highlight the text by clicking and dragging over it in order to change the style. You can also bring up another toolbar with the “Windows” menu. size. under “Toolbars” and “Text. Click on the ‘A’ in the toolbox. In order to make the line curved. you must hold down the ALT key. and style. Instead of clicking and dragging. When you are done typing. page 5 . Let’s label Longmont with the text tool.” Let’s choose Tahoma size 8 (if this font is not available on your computer choose another one). otherwise all of the lines will be straight. this tool allows you to just click the points of the line. Under the Menu item “Text” we can choose the font.Another way to draw curved lines is the Bezigon tool. Then click on an empty space on the page to deselect the text.

Lafayette. See below: Attaching to Path Now lets label some of the Rivers and Roads. See below: page 6 .Use the text tool to label Boulder. Ward. So that the text can be easily associated with the geographic features. Superior. You may need to zoom in to the river in order to do this. it is best to use a method of text placement called attach to path. Lock all of your layers except for the Rivers layer. Draw a line using the Freehand tool just over North Saint Vrain Creek. Louisville. and Nederland.

Try this method with the “Peak to Peak Hwy” (the road with the orange triangle in above map). Keep trying and practicing. Make sure all of the layers are locked except for the Roads layer. Lock that layer. North Boulder Creek. This method can also be used to label curvy roads. Select both the text and the line using shift-click. When you are done working with the rivers. Let’s do the Diagonal Hwy. size. You may need to highlight the text by clicking and dragging over it in order to change the style. If you can’t get it right. Under the Menu item TEXT we can choose the font. page 7 . Choose the Menu option TEXT and Attach To Path. Boulder Creek. See the map at the end of this tutorial to guide you. Save your work. If all of your text didn’t show up on the line. Type North Saint Vrain Creek. The line that you drew automatically disappears and the type should flow along that line. don’t worry this is just a practice round. When labeling straight roads. Use the same method described above to label other rivers such as Middle Saint Vrain. use the straight line tool to draw a line right next to the road. then you didn’t draw your line long enough. size 8. let’s make our type font italicized Tahoma. and style. You can start over and draw your line longer or you can simply select the bind to path and drag the end of the line out longer.Now click on the text tool. Since water bodies by convention are italicized.

which will be placed over the gray representing the area of the park. This is simply due to the low resolution of the screen. When you print the map it will look much better.Now use the text tool to type “Diagonal Hwy”. Masking Another useful tool in labeling is masking. Let’s try masking the names of the Parks. Sometimes the text doesn’t look great on the screen. Go to Text and Attach to Path. The end result will look like this: page 8 . Masking is used to make text more legible when it is sitting on top of another feature. Select both the line and the text using shift click. especially when your text is going at diagonal directions.

Drag and draw a circle. Also make sure that the swatches list has black in the stroke well (see image below). Select “Inline” from the menu. style.First we need to open our text inspector. INSPECTORS and choose TEXT. it was already open. Practice a few times if you need to. Notice the masked text now appears on your map.3528. Select which part to change with the buttons directly above the colors. This is a palette that allows you to change the Font. Hold down the shift key (this allows you to draw a perfect circle). We are going to draw a perfect circle using the ellipse tool in the toolbox: Click on the ellipse tool. This panel allows us to make modifications to the brush strokes that make up our image. Click on this same menu again and select “edit”. Let’s add some numbers to this symbol. Aligning Now we can label some of our roads with Highway numbers. so do the same thing again. Now go to the stroke inspector. Make the font whatever you would like. In the new dialog change the stroke width to 0. Make sure the stroke width is set to . Using the swatches palate set the fill color to white and the outline color to black. page 9 . and click “OK”. First make sure your active layer is your roads layer by simply clicking on the layer name in your layer list. and size. and the background width to 0.5. When you are ready draw a small circle over Highway 36: Notice that as soon as you do this your circle has a white fill (you can no longer see through it) and a black outline. In the Text inspector select the pulldown menu at the bottom left that by default should read “no effect”. Click on “windows” “inspectors” and “text. There is another way to modify type in Freehand. Notice your mouse cursor has changed to a cross bar. Go to the Menu option WINDOW. To do this we will use the align tool.” If a window closes on your screen.

You should have a palette on your screen that looks like this: Click and hold on the arrow under Horizontal (the upper pulldown menu): choose Align center. Now it will be very easy to place this symbol over Hwy 36. If you can’t see the number it may be sitting under the circle. Your palette should look like the one shown above. This palette gives us more information about any object. Now click on Apply. If this is the case backtrack by using undos and try it again. Do the same under Vertical (the lower pulldown menu). The inspector window should say 2 objects at the top. This time make sure you select the number first and the circle second. (You may need to draw a box around these to select them both) Go to the Menu item WINDOWS and PANELS and ALIGN. If the align tool didn’t perfectly center the number on the circle. Whatever you select first will sit on top. use the arrow keys to fine tune the centering. You will need to type this into the Text palette manually. It should look something like this: page 10 . With both of them selected go to the menu item WINDOW. Now you are ready to use the text tool to type a 36. Remember that the shift key allows you to select more than one item at a time and the Control key allows you to select something behind something else.but change the size to 6. Select the 36 and then shift-click to select the circle. Go to the menu item MODIFY and select GROUP. select the number and hold the Control key and the Shift key while clicking on the circle again. Now look in the inspector palette and notice that it says group at the top. The number should be directly on top of the circle. Let’s group these objects so that they function as one object and we can move them around together. this tells you that you have successfully selected 2 objects. When it is just as you want it to appear deselect both of them. Now. INSPECTORS and select the Objects palette.

That way it we will not have to recreate it. copying/pasting is best reserved for when you want to copy between two different documents or two separate pages. click the ‘X’ box in the upper right hand corner. Double click on the text and name the color “Forest”. Let’s color the Rocky Mountain National Park this green color. Use the map in the back of this tutorial as a guide. In the Color mixer drag the scroll bars to mix a green color. y=yellow. (c=cyan. You should have a new green color square at the bottom of the color list. Use the methods in this section and the previous section to create additional highway numbers. Be prepared to explore on your own! Close some of the palettes that are crowding your desktop. if the Parks layer is locked you will not be able to select it or color it. let’s duplicate it. Remember. Color This section on color will just introduce you to the concept of using color in Freehand. Duplicating places an exact copy of the object just offset of the original object. Deselect both by clicking on an empty space on the page. You can drag and drop the color square into the object you want to color or you can select the object you want to color and drop the color square into the fill well of the color list. Now select just the number and drag the number away from the circle. To duplicate go to the menu item EDIT and then Duplicate. Select just the circle and duplicate it. You can also copy/paste an object.Duplicating There are several ways to duplicate an object. Click on OPTIONS in the color list window and select ‘new’ this will add the new color to your color list. You don’t have to do all of the highway numbers. There are several ways to do this. group. make sure that the Parks layer is unlocked. page 11 . We will be using both of these to experiment with color. just enough so that you get the hang of using align. Do this just like you close any window. Now go to the menu item WINDOW –> PANELS and select the swatches and the color mixer. When your Layers palette is visible. The palettes look like this. and duplicate. and k=black). Since there are other places we could put the Hwy 36 symbol. Select the group and go to the menu item Arrange and choose Ungroup. that way you can use the circle again for other Hwy numbers. m=magenta. Go to the menu item Windows and select Layers. You can also ungroup the Hwy 36 symbol and duplicate the circle.

Mix a shade of blue. If we do not know who’s file it is.. • always make sure your file opens without problems and is not corrupted BEFORE dropping it into the Hand-in folder. Be sure to use the text tool to put your name on the map.fh10 file) to your last name. so the more comfortable you are the better. and for which lab. In order to color the rivers you are going to select the river and select the blue color in the strokes well (as opposed to the fill well).. fabrikantsi_lab2. /kirk g. So for example. Use the text tool to add a title to your map. for Sara the file would be labeled. Once you are certain that the file is on your personal zip disk.fh10 In the L:\Geog118 folder there is a folder called Hand-in. first and middle initials. You will need to apply the same tools for upcoming exercises. you may be graded down. followed by “_lab2. use the letter “x”. revised and modified by sara f. Most of your assignments will be turned in digitally for this class. A file that does not work when we grade it is considered late.fh10) file into the Hand-in folder. How you will be graded: This is a tutorial designed to help you get comfortable with Freehand and drawing programs in general. If Kirk finds your files on a lab computer. we cannot grade it. Please note that you will not be able to open or list the contents of the Hand-in folder. We will also grade you on how well you follow file management directions. Do your best and try to get comfortable with some of these functions.Now try coloring Indian Peaks Wilderness a lighter shade of green. Your work will be checked to make sure you tried all of the tools described in this tutorial. SAVE your work !!! What you need to hand in: When you are finished. erase the file off the computer. Feel free to add anything else you would like to add to this map. See below. © based on tina g.fh10”.. rename your file (. copy your file to your own ZIP disk.. Lock the Parks layer and unlock the Rivers layer.. If you have no middle initial. Do not leave your file on lab computers.. When you have done this. • Make a backup copy of all your lab files on your own ZIP disk(s). It is a good idea to always test your files before you put anything in the Hand-in folder.2003 page 12 . We will check for it at the beginning of next week’s lab. Drag and drop your Freehand (. Here are some pointers for this lab. • label your file as indicated in this handout. Colorado page 13 . See an example map below… Boulder.Reference map For additional reference maps on the Boulder region check out the MapQuest Web Site: www. Select Boulder and CO as your query keywords.

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