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REFERENCE-2.

1
DOI-N08342
NEC Corporation
7-1, Shiba 5-Chome, Minato-Ku, Tokyo 108-8001, Japan
TEL: +81-3-3454-1111
FAX: +81-3-3798-1510
TELEX: NECTOK J22686
EMAIL: mcj@onw.nec.co.jp
SpectralWave
UNIVERSAL NODE
WIDE BAND MANAGER
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
The information in this document was approved by the engineer(s) listed below,
and was intended to be complete and accurate at the time of printing. However,
information is subject to change.
This document contains proprietary information of NEC Corporation,
and is not to be disclosed or used except in accordance with applicable
agreements. Please contact NEC Corporation or the project contractor.
Copyright 2003 by NEC Corporation
All rights reserved.
Printed in Japan
1st Edition January 2003, approved by S. Fukunaga of NEC-1ONW/1DD
2nd Edition March 2003, approved by S. Fukunaga of NEC-1ONW/1DD
3rd Edition June 2003, approved by S. Arai of NEC-BBN-CNW
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
SpectralWave U-Node WBM
Contents
Contents
- i -
1. SIGNAL INTERFACE FUNCTION 1-1
1.1 Overhead Process ..............................................................................1-2
1.1.1 Regenerator Section (RS) ................................................................... 1-2
1.1.2 Multiplex Section (MS) ........................................................................ 1-4
1.1.3 Higher Order Path (VC-4) & Lower Order Path (VC-3) ....................... 1-6
1.1.4 Lower Order Path (VC-12) .................................................................. 1-9
1.1.5 GFP Frame Process ......................................................................... 1-11
1.1.5.1 GFP Frame Format .............................................................. 1-11
1.1.5.2 GFP Mapping ....................................................................... 1-12
1.2 Trace Function ..................................................................................1-13
1.2.1 16-Byte Mode .................................................................................... 1-14
1.2.2 64-Byte Mode .................................................................................... 1-14
1.2.3 1-Byte Mode ...................................................................................... 1-14
1.2.4 Trace Message Character ................................................................. 1-15
1.3 Signal Label Function ......................................................................1-16
1.3.1 SDH Path C2 Byte Codes ................................................................. 1-16
1.3.2 SDH Path V5 Byte Codes ................................................................. 1-17
2. CROSSCONNECT 2-1
2.1 Crossconnect Process Capacity ......................................................2-1
2.1.1 Matrix Capacity ................................................................................... 2-1
2.1.2 Crossconnect Configuration ................................................................ 2-2
2.2 Crossconnect Level ...........................................................................2-4
2.2.1 Crossconnect Termination Point ......................................................... 2-4
2.3 Crossconnect Types ..........................................................................2-5
2.3.1 Higher Order Path ............................................................................... 2-5
2.3.1.1 1-Way .................................................................................... 2-5
2.3.1.2 2-Way .................................................................................... 2-5
2.3.2 Lower Order Path ................................................................................ 2-6
2.3.2.1 1-Way .................................................................................... 2-6
2.3.2.2 2-Way .................................................................................... 2-7
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
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2.3.3 Additional Samples ............................................................................. 2-9
2.3.4 Idle Signal Processing ....................................................................... 2-10
2.4 Squelch Settings ..............................................................................2-11
2.4.1 Squelch Table ................................................................................... 2-12
2.4.1.1 Simple 2F/4F MS-SPRing .................................................... 2-12
2.5 Virtual Concatenation ......................................................................2-13
2.5.1 Overview ........................................................................................... 2-13
2.5.2 Crossconnect Levels ......................................................................... 2-13
2.5.3 Crossconnect .................................................................................... 2-14
2.5.3.1 GBEM/FEH Package ........................................................... 2-14
2.5.3.2 Crossconnection Images ..................................................... 2-15
3. PROTECTION 3-1
3.1 Overview .............................................................................................3-1
3.1.1 Protection Types ................................................................................. 3-1
3.1.2 Protection Types and Package Slots .................................................. 3-2
3.1.2.1 WBM Shelf Front View ........................................................... 3-2
3.1.2.2 Available Package Slots for Protections ................................ 3-3
3.2 Package Protection ............................................................................3-5
3.2.1 Switching Configuration ...................................................................... 3-5
3.2.2 Switching Mode and Switching Priority ............................................... 3-5
3.2.2.1 1+1 Package Protection Switching Priority ............................ 3-6
3.2.2.2 1:n Package Protection Switching Priority ............................. 3-6
3.2.3 Lockout Mode ...................................................................................... 3-6
3.2.4 Switching Status .................................................................................. 3-6
3.3 Line Protection ...................................................................................3-7
3.3.1 Switching Configuration ...................................................................... 3-7
3.3.2 Applicable Interface Types .................................................................. 3-7
3.3.3 Linear Protection ................................................................................. 3-8
3.3.3.1 Linear Protection Mode .......................................................... 3-8
3.3.3.2 1+1 Unidirectional Linear Protection ...................................... 3-9
3.3.3.3 1+1 Bidirectional Linear Protection ........................................ 3-9
3.3.3.4 1:1 Bidirectional Linear Protection ....................................... 3-10
3.3.3.5 Standby Line Access (SLA) ................................................. 3-10
3.3.3.6 Switching Mode ................................................................... 3-11
3.3.3.7 Linear Protection Switching Priority ..................................... 3-12
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
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3.3.3.8 Lockout Mode ...................................................................... 3-12
3.3.3.9 Switching Status .................................................................. 3-13
3.3.3.10 Maintenance ........................................................................ 3-13
3.3.4 Ring Protection .................................................................................. 3-14
3.3.4.1 Ring Switch Protection Types .............................................. 3-14
3.3.4.2 Span Switch Protection (4F MS-SPRing only) ..................... 3-14
3.3.4.3 Ring Switch Protection ......................................................... 3-15
3.3.4.4 Standby Line Access (SLA) ................................................. 3-15
3.3.4.5 Switching Mode ................................................................... 3-16
3.3.4.6 Switching Status .................................................................. 3-17
3.3.4.7 Maintenance ........................................................................ 3-17
3.4 Path Protection .................................................................................3-18
3.4.1 Path Protection Mode ........................................................................ 3-18
3.4.2 Switching Mode ................................................................................. 3-19
3.4.2.1 Switching Status .................................................................. 3-19
3.4.2.2 Maintenance ........................................................................ 3-19
3.5 Interlocked Ring Protection ............................................................3-20
3.6 Overhead (OH) Protection ...............................................................3-21
3.6.1 Objects for OH Protection ................................................................. 3-21
3.6.2 Types of OH Protection ..................................................................... 3-21
4. SYNCHRONIZATION 4-1
4.1 Synchronization .................................................................................4-1
4.1.1 Clock Interface .................................................................................... 4-1
4.1.1.1 External Timing Incoming .................................................. 4-1
4.1.1.2 External Timing Outgoing .................................................. 4-1
4.1.1.3 SDH Line Timing .................................................................... 4-1
4.1.1.4 2M PDH Line Timing .............................................................. 4-2
4.1.2 Timing Mode ....................................................................................... 4-3
4.1.3 Clock Features .................................................................................... 4-4
4.2 Timing Source Control .......................................................................4-5
4.2.1 Quality Level ....................................................................................... 4-5
4.2.2 Priority Level Setting ........................................................................... 4-5
4.2.3 SSM Control ........................................................................................ 4-6
4.3 Timing Source Selection ...................................................................4-7
4.3.1 External Output Timing Source Switching Modes ............................... 4-7
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
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4.3.2 External Output Message Translation Modes ..................................... 4-7
4.3.3 Signal Fail ........................................................................................... 4-7
4.3.4 Hold-off Time ....................................................................................... 4-8
4.3.5 SSM Hold-off Time .............................................................................. 4-8
4.3.6 Wait-to-Restore Time .......................................................................... 4-8
4.3.7 Switching Control ................................................................................ 4-8
4.4 Precautions .........................................................................................4-9
4.4.1 Timing Loop Example ......................................................................... 4-9
5. CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT 5-1
5.1 Configuration Management Object ...................................................5-1
5.1.1 NODE (NE: Network Element) ............................................................ 5-2
5.1.2 SHELF ................................................................................................. 5-2
5.1.3 PKG (Package) ................................................................................... 5-3
5.1.3.1 SINFM PKG ........................................................................... 5-3
5.1.3.2 Slot Number ........................................................................... 5-4
5.1.4 CPU ..................................................................................................... 5-5
5.1.5 Facility ................................................................................................. 5-6
5.1.6 External Clock (EXTCLK) .................................................................... 5-6
5.1.7 Switch Group ....................................................................................... 5-7
5.1.8 Synchronization ................................................................................... 5-7
5.1.9 Overhead Access Channel (OHCH) ................................................... 5-8
5.1.10 Data Communication Channel (DCC) ................................................. 5-8
5.1.10.1 OHC Package Type and DCC ............................................... 5-8
5.1.11 HKC/HKA ............................................................................................ 5-8
5.1.12 V.11 Port ............................................................................................. 5-8
5.2 Service State .......................................................................................5-9
5.2.1 Service State Definition ....................................................................... 5-9
5.2.1.1 Primary Service State (PST) .................................................. 5-9
5.2.1.2 Secondary Service State (SST) ............................................. 5-9
5.3 Other Administration States ............................................................5-10
5.3.1 Port Mode .......................................................................................... 5-10
5.3.2 Mode Mismatch ................................................................................. 5-10
5.4 Memory Backup ................................................................................5-11
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
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5.4.1 Overview ........................................................................................... 5-11
5.4.2 Memory Configuration ....................................................................... 5-11
5.5 Starting Up NE ..................................................................................5-13
5.5.1 Hot Start ............................................................................................ 5-13
5.5.2 Cold Start .......................................................................................... 5-13
5.6 Inventory ...........................................................................................5-14
5.6.1 Package Inventory ............................................................................ 5-14
5.6.2 NE Information Inventory .................................................................. 5-14
5.7 Object AIDs .......................................................................................5-15
5.7.1 Node .................................................................................................. 5-15
5.7.2 Shelf .................................................................................................. 5-15
5.7.3 Package ............................................................................................ 5-16
5.7.4 CPU ................................................................................................... 5-17
5.7.5 Memory Card .................................................................................... 5-18
5.7.6 Temporary Memory ........................................................................... 5-18
5.7.7 Line Facility ....................................................................................... 5-19
5.7.8 Package Protection Switch Group .................................................... 5-20
5.7.9 Line Protection Switch Group ............................................................ 5-20
5.7.10 Synchronization ................................................................................ 5-21
5.7.11 Path Facility ...................................................................................... 5-22
5.7.11.1 Higher-Order Path ............................................................... 5-22
5.7.11.2 Lower-Order Path (to/from SDH) ......................................... 5-23
5.7.11.3 Lower-Order Path (to/from PDH) ......................................... 5-23
5.7.12 Path Monitor ...................................................................................... 5-24
5.7.12.1 Higher-Order Path ............................................................... 5-24
5.7.12.2 Lower-Order Path ................................................................ 5-24
5.7.13 Path Termination Point ..................................................................... 5-25
5.7.13.1 Higher-Order Path ............................................................... 5-25
5.7.13.2 Lower-Order Path ................................................................ 5-25
5.7.14 External Clock Input .......................................................................... 5-25
5.7.15 Housekeeping Alarm ......................................................................... 5-26
5.7.16 Housekeeping Control ...................................................................... 5-26
5.7.17 V11 User Channel Port ..................................................................... 5-26
5.7.18 Overhead Access Channel ............................................................... 5-26
5.7.19 Data Communication Channel (DCC Port) ....................................... 5-26
5.7.20 Virtual Concatenation (GBEM/FEH) ................................................. 5-27
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
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5.7.21 Channel ID (GBEM/FEH) .................................................................. 5-27
5.7.22 Profile ................................................................................................ 5-27
5.7.23 All ...................................................................................................... 5-27
6. PERFORMANCE MONITORING 6-1
6.1 Performance Monitoring (PM) Type ..................................................6-1
6.1.1 Physical Layer ..................................................................................... 6-1
6.1.2 Regenerator Section Layer ................................................................. 6-2
6.1.3 Multiplex Section Layer ....................................................................... 6-3
6.1.4 E12/E31/E32 Line Layer ..................................................................... 6-4
6.1.5 1000BASE-X Interface (GBEM) .......................................................... 6-5
6.1.6 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Ethernet Interface (FEH) ............................. 6-7
6.1.7 HPTM3 Layer ...................................................................................... 6-9
6.1.8 VCT Layer ......................................................................................... 6-10
6.1.9 HP Monitor ........................................................................................ 6-11
6.1.10 LP Monitor ......................................................................................... 6-12
6.1.11 HPT ................................................................................................... 6-13
6.1.12 LPT ................................................................................................... 6-14
6.1.13 Multiplex Section Protection .............................................................. 6-15
6.1.14 AU Path ............................................................................................. 6-16
6.1.15 SES Threshold .................................................................................. 6-17
6.2 PM Data Management ......................................................................6-18
6.2.1 PM Data Type ................................................................................... 6-18
6.2.2 Data Reliability .................................................................................. 6-18
6.3 TCA Function ....................................................................................6-19
6.3.1 TCA Threshold .................................................................................. 6-19
6.4 IPPM Management ............................................................................6-20
6.4.1 Monitor Point ..................................................................................... 6-20
6.4.1.1 Monitor Points for Higher Order Path .................................. 6-20
6.4.1.2 Monitor Points for Lower Order Path ................................... 6-20
6.4.2 Accumulation ..................................................................................... 6-21
7. FAULT MANAGEMENT 7-1
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DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
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7.1 Monitored Items ..................................................................................7-1
7.2 Management Parameters ...................................................................7-2
7.2.1 Alarm Severity ..................................................................................... 7-2
7.2.2 Delay/Stretch Time .............................................................................. 7-3
7.3 Alarm Report .......................................................................................7-4
7.3.1 LED Process ....................................................................................... 7-4
7.3.2 Report to User Interface ...................................................................... 7-4
7.3.3 Office Alarm ........................................................................................ 7-4
7.3.3.1 Office Alarm Type .................................................................. 7-4
7.3.3.2 Delay/Stretch Process ........................................................... 7-5
7.3.3.3 ACO Function ........................................................................ 7-5
7.3.4 Processing Alarm Masks ..................................................................... 7-5
7.4 Offline Monitoring ..............................................................................7-6
8. LOG FUNCTION 8-1
8.1 Command Log ....................................................................................8-1
8.1.1 Mode of Logging ................................................................................. 8-1
8.2 AO Buffer ............................................................................................8-2
8.2.1 Mode of Logging ................................................................................. 8-2
9. MAINTENANCE OPERATION 9-1
9.1 Loopback Function ............................................................................9-1
9.1.1 Line Loopback ..................................................................................... 9-1
9.1.1.1 Facility Loopback ................................................................... 9-2
9.1.1.2 Terminal Loopback ................................................................ 9-2
9.1.1.3 Remote Loopback .................................................................. 9-3
9.1.2 V.11 Port Loopback ............................................................................. 9-5
9.1.2.1 Facility Loopback ................................................................... 9-5
9.1.2.2 Terminal Loopback ................................................................ 9-5
9.2 Automatic Laser Shutdown ...............................................................9-6
9.2.1 Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS) ....................................................... 9-6
9.2.1.1 Exception for GBEM Package ............................................... 9-7
9.2.2 Automatic Power Shutdown (APSD) ................................................... 9-8
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
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9.2.3 Lower-Level Optical Output (Reflected Alarm Detection) ................... 9-9
9.2.4 Forced Optical Output Shutdown ........................................................ 9-9
9.3 Overhead Access .............................................................................9-10
9.3.1 User Channel Access ........................................................................ 9-10
9.3.1.1 Accessible Facility ............................................................... 9-10
9.3.1.2 Usable Overhead Byte ......................................................... 9-10
9.3.1.3 User Channel Loopback ...................................................... 9-10
9.3.2 DCC LAPD Access ........................................................................... 9-11
9.3.3 Overhead Through ............................................................................ 9-11
9.3.4 Orderwire Access .............................................................................. 9-11
9.3.4.1 Orderwire Interface .............................................................. 9-11
9.3.4.2 Calling .................................................................................. 9-12
9.4 Line Switch Exercise ........................................................................9-13
9.5 Housekeeping ...................................................................................9-14
9.5.1 Housekeeping Alarm ......................................................................... 9-14
9.5.2 Housekeeping Control ....................................................................... 9-14
9.6 Reset Function .................................................................................9-15
9.6.1 How to Reset CPU ............................................................................ 9-15
9.6.2 Restart Level ..................................................................................... 9-15
10. SECURITY MANAGEMENT 10-1
10.1 Type of User Account ......................................................................10-1
10.1.1 Super User ........................................................................................ 10-1
10.1.2 Normal User ...................................................................................... 10-1
10.2 User Attributes .................................................................................10-1
10.2.1 User Identification (UID) .................................................................... 10-2
10.2.1.1 Valid ASCII Characters for UID ........................................... 10-2
10.2.2 Password (PID) ................................................................................. 10-3
10.2.2.1 Valid Password .................................................................... 10-3
10.2.2.2 Valid ASCII Characters for PID ............................................ 10-4
10.2.3 User Account Expiration ................................................................... 10-4
10.2.4 Password Aging ................................................................................ 10-5
10.2.5 Password Expiration ......................................................................... 10-5
10.2.6 User Privilege Code Level ................................................................ 10-5
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
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10.3 Addition, Modification, and Deletion of Users ............................10-12
10.3.1 Addition ........................................................................................... 10-12
10.3.2 Modification ..................................................................................... 10-12
10.3.3 Deletion ........................................................................................... 10-12
10.4 Accessing the Network Element ...................................................10-13
10.4.1 Login ............................................................................................... 10-13
10.4.2 Logout ............................................................................................. 10-13
10.4.2.1 Manual Logout ................................................................... 10-13
10.4.2.2 Automatic Logout ............................................................... 10-13
10.4.2.3 Forced Logout .................................................................... 10-13
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function
1-1
1. SIGNAL INTERFACE FUNCTION
This section provides a description of the function for managing signal interface supported
by U-Node WBM: access methods and input/output main signal operation. Physical
specifications for interfaces are given in the General Information manual.
U-Node WBM supports the following main signals:
!SDH Optical Signal
STM-64 (supported from Release 2.1)
STM-16
STM-4
STM-1
!STM1e Signal; E4 Signal
!Ethernet Signal (supported from Release 2.1)
!2M Signal
!34M Signal
!45M Signal
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-2
1.1 OVERHEAD PROCESS
Descriptions given here show the overhead byte process managed by U-Node WBM.
1.1.1 Regenerator Section (RS)
The following table lists the functions related to the RS (Regenerator Section) overhead byte
on the SDH signal.
! A1, A2 Byte
A1, A2 byte is used to synchronize the SDH frame. If neither the A1 or A2 pattern is
detected, the frame goes out of synchronization, and the LOF alarm is issued.
! J0/C1 Byte
J0/C1 byte can be used as J0 byte or C1 byte, according to the users definition. In the J0
mode, the connection of section layers can be verified by transferring the Section Access
Point Identifier to a remote NE. Refer to the 1.2 Trace Function subsection for J0 byte.
RS Overhead Process
OH Byte Usage Related Functions
A1, A2 Frame Synchronization PM Function (OOF)/
Fault Management (LOF)
J0/C1 Section Trace
STM-ID
Fault Management (TIM)
Z0
NU(1row)
B1 Section Error Monitor (BIP-8) PM Function (BBE, etc.)
E1 (1) USER-Ch
(2) Section Orderwire
Overhead Access Function
F1 USER-Ch Overhead Access Function
NU(2row)
D1-3 Regenerator Section DCC Overhead Access Function
Media Byte
Unuse Byte
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-3
! B1 Byte
B1 byte based on the BIP-8 is used to detect an error from the main signal. The detected bit
error is used for the performance monitoring function and failure detection.
! E1 Byte
E1 byte is used for the overhead byte access function. E1 byte can be used for the
orderwire that is between regenerator sections of A-law, or the user channels. When this
byte is not used,
! Receiving side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Silence Code (for the orderwire-use)
can insert the Idle Code (for the data channel-use)
! F1 Byte
F1 Byte is used for the overhead byte access function. F1 byte is also available for the user
channel. When this byte is not used,
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Idle Code
! D1-D3 Byte
D1 through D3 bytes are used for the overhead byte access function. These three bytes are
used together in communication as a Data Communication Channel (DCCr) signal at
192 K. When these bytes are not used,
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Idle Code
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-4
1.1.2 Multiplex Section (MS)
! B2 Byte
The error count is detected by using B2 byte based on BIP-n 24. The detected bit error is
used for the performance monitoring function and failure detection. Refer to 6.
Performance Monitoring section for details. Conditions detected as B2 alarms are:
! EXC: excessive bit error, causing main signal failure
! DEG: degraded bit error, causing main signal deterioration
! K1, K2 Byte
Upper 13 bits of K1, K2 byte are used for line protection. Lower 3 bits of K1, K2 byte are
used for detecting MS-AIS alarm and transferring/detecting MS-RDI alarm. Refer to 3.
Protection section for a detailed description on the line protection. If equipment failure
related to the main signal is detected, an MS-AIS is inserted to the main signal.
! D4-D12 Byte
D4 through D12 bytes are used for the overhead byte access function. These nine bytes are
used together in communication as a Data Communication Channel (DCCm) at 576 K, or
as the user channel. When these bytes are not used,
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Idle Code
OH Byte Usage Related Functions
B2 Line Error Monitor (BIP-n 24) Fault Management (EXC/DEG)/PM Func-
tion
K1 Line Switching Control Protection Function (APS Process)
K2 Line Switching Control
Line Status Transfer
Protection Function (APS Process)
D4-12 (1) USER-Ch
(2) Line DCC
Overhead Access Function
S1 Synchronization Status Synchronization Function (SSM Process)
Z1/Z2
M1 Line Remote Side Error Display PM Function
E2 (1) USER-Ch
(2) Line Orderwire
Overhead Access Function
Unuse Byte
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-5
! S1 Byte
The b1 to b4 bits of S1 byte are not used. The b5 to b8 bits are used to display the
synchronization status for timing source selection. Refer to the 4. Synchronization section
for synchronization using the S1 byte. When this byte is not used,
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Idle Code
! M1 Byte
M1 byte outputs the number of errors detected by the B2 byte to a remote side on a frame-
by-frame basis. This value is used at the far-end for its PM.
! E2 Byte
E2 byte is used for the overhead byte access function. E2 byte can be used for the
orderwire that is between multiplex sections of A-law, or the user channels. When this byte
is not used,
! Receiving side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Silence Code (for the use of orderwire)
can insert the Idle Code (for the use of data channel)
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-6
1.1.3 Higher Order Path (VC-4) & Lower Order Path (VC-3)
NOTES:
1. Detected at termination points.
2. Detected at monitoring points.
3. For Higher Order Path (VC-4) terminating Lower Order Path only.
4. For Higher Order Path (VC-4) through GBEM/FEH only; supported from
Release 2.1.
! J1 Byte
The connection of path layers can be verified by transferring the Path Access Point
Identifier to a remote NE. If the received byte and the expected value do not match, a J1-
TIM alarm is issued. This byte, however, is not monitored at Lower Order Path Monitoring
points for failure detection. Refer to the 1.2 Trace Function subsection for details.
! B3 Byte
The error count is detected by using B3 byte based on BIP-8. The detected bit error is used
for the performance monitor function and failure detection. Refer to the 6. Performance
Monitoring section for details. Conditions detected as B3 alarms are:
! EXC: excessive bit error, causing main signal failure
! DEG: degraded bit error, causing man signal deterioration
These alarms are monitored at the higher order path monitoring points where the
Intermediate Path Performance Monitor (IPPM) function is also supported.
OH Byte Usage Related Functions
J1 Path Trace Failure Detecting Function (J1-TIM)
B3 Path Error Monitor (BIP-8) PM Function
C2 Signal label Failure Detecting Function (UNEQ,
PLM
NOTE 1
, VC-AIS
NOTE 2
)
G1 SDH
b1-b4: Path Remote Side Error (REI)
b5: Path Remote Side Defect (RDI)
b6-b8: Unused
PM Function, Fault Management
F2
H4
Position Identifier
NOTE 3
Failure Detecting Function (LOM)
Virtual Concatenation Multiframe
NOTE 4
F3
K3
N1
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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-7
! C2 Byte
C2 byte indicates VC path configuration. A failure in the VC path configuration can be
detected by verifying the received C2 byte. For a Lower Order path that is terminated at
HPT, the TUG structure label is output as a C2 byte. At VC-3 Lower Order Path
Termination points, Async-VC-3 is output as a C2 byte. At HPTM3 Higher Order Path
Termination points, the GFP mapping is output as C2 byte (supported from Release to 2.1).
At monitoring points, only the UNEQ alarm is detected. Refer to the 1.3 Signal Label
Function subsection for details.
! G1 Byte
Monitoring the G1 byte enables Performance Monitoring at HPT termination points of the
PSW40B/GBEM/FEH package (for Higher Order path) or E31/E32 package (for Lower
Order Path), and detection of the error status on a remote side. Intermediate Path
Performance Monitor (IPPM) function is also available. Refer to the 6. Performance
Monitoring section and the 7. Fault Management section for details.
NOTE: GBEM and FEH interface packages are supported from Release 2.1.
! F2 Byte
This byte is not managed and the status of each side is as follows:
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Idle Code
! H4 Byte
This byte is not managed except for Higher Order path (VC-4) that is terminating Lower
Order path, and for GBEM/FEH. When not managed, the status of each side is as follows:
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Idle Code
For a Higher Order path that is terminating Lower Order path, this byte is used as a
multiframe position indicator at Higher Order Path Termination points. When the
crossconnect level VC-12 does not exist or the byte is not used at monitoring points, the
status of each side is as follows:
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: outputs multiframe indicator
When a GBEM/FEH package is used, this byte synchronizes multiframes in order to detect
phase difference among each VC-4 path configuring virtual concatenation.
NOTE: GBEM and FEH packages are supported from Release 2.1.
Following shows the H4 byte multiframe sequence:
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-8

! F3 Byte
This byte is not managed and the status of each side is as follows:
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Idle Code
! K3 Byte
This byte is not managed and the status of each side is as follows:
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Idle Code
! N1 Byte
This byte is not managed and the status of each side is as follows:
! Receiving Side: ignores
! Sending Side: can insert the Idle Code
H4 Byte Multiframe Sequence for GBEM/FEH
Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 1st Multiframe MFI1 (Bits 1 - 4) 1st Multiframe # 2nd Multiframe #
Previous Frame (n1) n1
2nd Multiframe Indicator
MFI2 MSB (Bits 1 - 4)
0 0 0 0 0
n
2nd Multiframe Indicator
MFI2 LSB (Bits 5 - 8)
0 0 0 1 1
Reserved (0000) 0 0 1 0 2
Reserved (0000) 0 0 1 1 3
Reserved (0000) 0 1 0 0 4
Reserved (0000) 0 1 0 1 5
Reserved (0000) 0 1 1 0 6
Reserved (0000) 0 1 1 1 7
Reserved (0000) 1 0 0 0 8
Reserved (0000) 1 0 0 1 9
Reserved (0000) 1 0 1 0 10
Reserved (0000) 1 0 1 1 11
Reserved (0000) 1 1 0 0 12
Reserved (0000) 1 1 0 1 13
Sequence Indicator SQ MSB
(Bits 1 - 4)
1 1 1 0 14
Sequence Indicator SQ MSB
(Bits 5 - 8)
1 1 1 1 15
Next Frame (n+1)
n+1
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-9
1.1.4 Lower Order Path (VC-12)
NOTES:
1. Not detected at monitoring points.
2. Detected at monitoring points.
! J2 Byte
The connection of path layers can be verified by transferring the Path Access Point
Identifier to a remote NE. If the received byte and the expected value do not match, a J2-
TIM alarm is issued. This byte, however, is not monitored at Lower Order Path Monitoring
points for failure detection. Refer to the 1.2 Trace Function subsection for details.
! V5 Byte
Bits 1 and 2
The error count is detected by using bits 1 and 2 based on BIP-2. The detected bit error is
used for the performance monitor function and failure detection. Refer to the 6.
Performance Monitoring section for details. Conditions detected as V5 alarms are:
! EXC: excessive bit error, causing main signal failure
! DEG: degraded bit error, causing main signal deterioration
These alarms are monitored at the lower order path monitoring points where the
Intermediate Path Performance Monitor (IPPM) function is also supported.
Bit 3
The number of errors detected based on BIP-2 is output to a remote side on a frame-by-
frame basis. This value is used at the far-end side for its PM. PM detection using this bit at
monitoring points is not supported.
Bit 4
This bit is not managed since U-Node WBM does not have a process function using this bit.
Bits 5 thru 7
These bits indicate VC path configuration. A failure in the VC path configuration can be
detected by verifying the received bits 5 to 7 of the V5 byte. For VC-12, ASYNC-FLOAT
is output. Refer to the 1.3 Signal Label Function subsection for details.
OH Byte Usage Related Functions
J2 Path Trace Failure Detecting Function (J2-TIM)
V5 b1, b2: Path Error Monitor (BIP-2)
b3: Path Remote Side Error (REI)
b4: Unused
b5-b7: Signal Label
b8: Path Remote Side Defect (RDI)
PM Function, Failure Detecting Function
(UNEQ, PLM
NOTE 1
, VC-AIS
NOTE 2
, RDI)
K4
N2
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-10
Bit 8
By monitoring this bit, a path error status is output to a remote side as an RDI alarm. The
far-end side detects the RDI alarm from this information and uses this bit for its PM.
! K4 Byte
This byte is not managed since the U-Node WBM does not have a process function using
this byte.
! N2 Byte
This byte is not managed since the U-Node WBM does not have a process function using
this byte.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-11
1.1.5 GFP Frame Process
NOTE: GBEM package is supported from Release 2.1.
1.1.5.1 GFP Frame Format
Following shows the GFP frame format:
! Core Header
This header is a fixed-length filed of four octets, and is used for frame synchronization and
basic data link:
PLI
PLI expresses the length of payload area (unit: octet), and its values are from 0 thru
65535. Among these values, especially between 0 thru 3 indicates GFP control
frame.
cHEC
cHEC is a 16-bit CRC obtained from PLI, and is used for frame synchronization
and correction of core header errors. Polynomial to obtain the value is:
x
16
+ x
15
+ x
12
+ 1
! Payload Header
This header is a variable-length field of 4 thru 64 octets, and is used for managing specific
data link for upper protocol. Following three fields make up the payload header:
Type
Type expresses classification of payloads (upper protocol).
tHEC
tHEC is a 16 bit CRC obtained from the Type. Polynomial to obtain the value is:
x
16
+ x
15
+ x
12
+ 1
Field Usage
GFP Frame Core Header PLI PDU Length Indicator
cHEC Core Header Error Control
Payload Header Type GFP Type Field
tHEC Type Header Error Control
Extension
Header
GFP Extension Header
eHEC Extension Header Error Control
Payload Information
Header
PDU Protocol Data Unit
Payload FCS Payload Frame Check Sequence (unused)
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Overhead Process
1-12
Extension Header
This header is defined by the Type field with logical topology as shown below:
Null: No header is applied; used for logical point-to-point connection.
Linear Frame: Used for logical point-to-point connection; supporting multiple
packets.
eHEC
eHEC is a 16 bit CRC obtained from the Extension Header. Polynomial to obtain
the value is:
x
16
+ x
15
+ x
12
+ 1
! Payload Information Field
PDU
This filed stores upper protocol data. The size is the remaining where taking other
headers from full length of GFP frame (min. 0, max. 65535 octets).
Payload FCS
Payload FCS is 32 bits CRC obtained by Payload field; this field is not used.
1.1.5.2 GFP Mapping
Frame-Mapped GFP is the process where recognizing frame partitions of upper protocol, and
encapsulating each frame to GFP (Generic Framing Procedure). Following shows the
process that Ethernet signal is mapped to GFP.
Taking IFG (Inter Frame Gap), Preamble, and SFD (Start of Frame Delimiter) out of the
Ethernet frame, the remaining fields are stored in Payload field of GFP frame. Between GFP
and Ethernet, the order of their bits are inverted because the bit order of GFP is MSB-First,
and that of Ethernet is LSB-First.
MAC frame that U-Node WBM supports are DIX (Ethernet), IEEE802.3, and IEEE802.1q.
CORE HEADER
PAYLOAD HEADER
PAYLOAD FIELD
PREAMBLE
SFB
DESTINATION MAC
SOURCE MAC
LENGTH/TYPE
FCS
CLIENT DATA
transmission bit order
transmission bit order
LSB MSB
MSB LSB
GFP
IEEE802.3
GFP FRAME
ETHERNET MAC FRAME
(IFG)
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Trace Function
1-13
1.2 TRACE FUNCTION
The trace function is provided to monitor the connection status in each layer.
The section trace using J0 byte includes the following modes: 1-byte mode, 16-byte mode,
and 64-byte mode. The C1 mode without using the section trace function is available as well.
The section trace (J0 byte) function is supported by an SDH optical interface, such as
STM-64, STM-16, STM-4, and STM-1, and an STM-1e electrical interface.
The path trace using J1 byte includes the 16-byte mode and 64-byte mode. The J1 byte path
trace supports the monitoring function to all the paths on the line facilities of STM-64*,
STM-16, STM-4, STM-1, and STM-1e.
J1 byte is terminated at the Higher Order Path Termination points by the PSW40B/GBEM*/
FEH* package in the 16-byte or 64-byte mode.
For the Lower Order Path trace, J1 or J2 byte is terminated at the Lower Order Path
Termination points by the PDH interface package in the 16-byte mode. However, the Lower
Order Path trace does not support the monitoring function at monitoring points.
If the received value and the expected value specified by a user do not match, a TIM (trace
indication mismatch) alarm is issued; this detection can be inhibited by a user definition.
*: STM-64 interface (SINF64(B) interface package), GBEM, and FEH interface packages
are supported from Release 2.1.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Trace Function
1-14
1.2.1 16-Byte Mode
The following is the frame configuration in the 16-byte mode:
! Within 15 characters of ASCII data (indicated as X in the above table) is assigned
to the trace data.
! C
1
to C
7
(C1=MSB) at Byte # 1 are the results of the calculation from the fore
frame CRC-7 (X
7
+X
3
+1). U-Node WBM automatically adds these CRC
calculation results to the user defined 15-byte data, then sends them out.
1.2.2 64-Byte Mode
The following is the frame configuration in the 64-byte mode:
! Within 62 characters of ASCII data is assigned to the trace data.
! The 64-byte data synchronizes the 64-byte frame by using the CR character of the
#63-byte (0 DH) and the LF character of the #64-byte (0 AH).
1.2.3 1-Byte Mode
At the sending side, the user defined 1-byte data is output in binary. At the receiving side, the
received bytes are converted to be indicated as numerals using 0 through 255. Specifying 0
to the expected value disables TIM detection.
Byte # Value (bits 1 to 8)
1 1 C
1
C
2
C
3
C
4
C
5
C
6
C
7
2 0 X X X X X X X
3 0 X X X X X X X
: : :
16 0 X X X X X X X
1 2 3 4 5 ........ 63 64
CR LF
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Trace Function
1-15
1.2.4 Trace Message Character
To specify the section trace or path trace in the 16-byte mode or 64-byte mode described
above, and to enter the expected value and transmitting value for the trace, use the following
ASCII characters:
Valid ASCII Characters for Trace Message
MSB B6 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
B5 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
LSB B4 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
B3 B2 B1 B0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
0 0 0 0 0 0 @ P p
0 0 0 1 1 ! 1 A Q a q
0 0 1 0 2 2 B R b r
0 0 1 1 3 # 3 C S c s
0 1 0 0 4 $ 4 D T d t
0 1 0 1 5 % 5 E U e u
0 1 1 0 6 & 6 F V f v
0 1 1 1 7 7 G W g w
1 0 0 0 8 ( 8 H X h x
1 0 0 1 9 ) 9 I Y i y
1 0 1 0 A J Z j z
1 0 1 1 B + K [ k {
1 1 0 0 C L l |
1 1 0 1 D - = M ] m }
1 1 1 0 E . N ^ n ~
1 1 1 1 F / ? O _ o
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Signal Label Function
1-16
1.3 SIGNAL LABEL FUNCTION
The signal label function is provided to monitor the path configuration status. See the
following tables for the SDH path signal labels:
1.3.1 SDH Path C2 Byte Codes
The following shows the SDH signal labels for VC-4-16c, VC-4-4c, VC-4, and VC-3:
Hex Code Description
00 Unequipped or supervisoryunequipped
01 Equipped NonSpecific
02 TUG structure
03 Locked TU-n
04 Asynchronous mapping, or 34,368 kbit/s or 44,736 kbit/s into
Container-3
12 Asynchronous mapping, or 139,264 kbit/s into Container-4
13 ATM mapping
14 MAN (DQDB) mapping
15 FDDI mapping
16 HDLC according
1B GFP mapping
FE Test signal, O.181 specific mapping
AIS Alarm Indication Signal
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
DQDB Distributed Queue Dual Bus
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface
HDLC High-level Data Link Control
MAN Metropolitan Area Network
TUG Tributary Unit Group
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function Signal Label Function
1-17
1.3.2 SDH Path V5 Byte Codes
The following shows the SDH signal labels for VC-12:
Hex Code Description
00 Unequipped
01 Equipped NonSpecific
02 Asynchronous mapping
03 Bit synchronous
04 Byte synchronous
05 Extend signal label
06 Test signal, O.181 specific mapping
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Signal Interface Function
1-18
E
This page is intentionally left blank.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Process Capacity
2-1
2. CROSSCONNECT
This section provides an overview of the crossconnect function.
2.1 CROSSCONNECT PROCESS CAPACITY
The crossconnection of U-Node WBM is performed by the PSW40B package. The PSW40B
package provides the Higher Order Crossconnect function and the Lower Order
Crossconnect function. Refer to the 4.4 Common Packages subsection in the Provisioning
manual for details.
2.1.1 Matrix Capacity
The following tables show the crossconnect capacity supported by U-Node WBM:
! Higher Order Path
! Lower Order Path
Crossconnect Level Capacity
VC-4 224 224
Crossconnect Level Capacity
VC-12 2016 2016
VC-3 96 96
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Process Capacity
2-2
2.1.2 Crossconnect Configuration
A block diagram for the PSW40B package is shown below:
The U-Node WBM provides 40G capacity for Higher Order path and 5G capacity for Lower
Order path. Crossconnection of Higher Order path between STM-n interfaces or between
STM-n interface and Ethernet interface* is made at Higher Order SW, while that of Lower
Order path is made at Lower Order SW via Higher Order SW. Crossconnection between
PDH interfaces is made at Lower Order SW via Higher Order SW as well.
When connecting to the Lower Order SW, be aware that the Lower Order SW capacity is
limited in order to perform crossconnection. Therefore, total capacity of signals sent from
the STM-n and PDH interface packages for Lower Order SW should be less than the values
of 5G.
(*: Ethernet interface is supported from Release 2.1.)
PDH Interface
STM-n Interface
Lower Order SW
(5G)
PSW40B Package
Higher Order SW (40G)
Ethernet Interface
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Process Capacity
2-3
The minimum unit of signals connected to the Lower Order SW from the Higher Order SW is
AU-4 (155M). The minimum unit of signals connected to the Lower Order SW from PDH
interface packages is also 155M, and the combination of PDH signal channels is as follows:
The following table shows the capacity required for connecting to the Lower Order SW when
the maximum number of PDH interface packages is registered on one WBM shelf:
Package
Combination of Minimum Unit (155M) Channels
Connected to Lower Order SW
E12 1 to 63 ch
E31 1 to 3 ch
4 to 6 ch
E32 1 to 3 ch
4 to 6 ch
Package Capacity of Lower Order SW
Maximum Number of Interface
Channels
E12 1.25G 504 ch
E31 2.5G 48 ch
E32 2.5G 48 ch
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Level
2-4
2.2 CROSSCONNECT LEVEL
! For an SDH input signal, the Higher Order signal is mapped into a time slot by VC-4,
VC-4-4c, VC-4-16c, or VC-4-1V to VC-4-7V* level.
! Lower Order signals can be mapped into a time slot by VC-3 or VC-12 level.
Each signal level indicates the following bit rates:
NOTE: VC-4-7V is supported from Release 2.1.
2.2.1 Crossconnect Termination Point
The path band level and the operation mode within the path band should be selected when
specifying the crossconnect termination points:
! Path Band Level
For the Higher Order Crossconnect, select a path band level from AU-4, AU-4-4c,
AU-4-16c, and AU-4-1V to AU-4-7V*. For the Lower Order Crossconnect, select a path
band level from TU-12 and TU-3.
NOTE: AU-4-7V is supported from Release 2.1.
! Operation Mode
The following two modes are provided for AU-n Higher Order band level:
! AUTO: The path band level to be managed varies according to the input signal
levels received within the specified levels, where alarm detection and
performance monitoring are performed.
! FIX: Alarm detection and performance monitoring are enabled only when an
input signal of the specified level is received.
SIGNAL LEVEL BIT RATES SIGNAL LEVEL BIT RATES
VC-12 2 Mbit/s VC-4-4c 600 Mbit/s
VC-3 50 Mbit/s VC-4-16c 2.5 Gbit/s
VC-4 150 Mbit/s VC-4-1V to VC-4-7V* 150 Mbit/s to
1.05 Gbit/s
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Types
2-5
2.3 CROSSCONNECT TYPES
2.3.1 Higher Order Path
The U-Node WBM has the following crossconnect types:
! 1-Way
LXC (Local Cross-Connect)
PPS (Path Protection Selector)
! 2-Way
LXC (Local Cross-Connect)
PPS (Path Protection Selector)
NOTE: Specifying a path to a Protection side of Linear 1:1 Bidirectional, 2F MS-SPRing, or 4F
MS-SPRing assigns the path to SLA.
2.3.1.1 1-Way
The following illustrations show examples of one-way crossconnect types:
2.3.1.2 2-Way
The following illustrations show examples of two-way crossconnect types:
LXC PPS


LXC PPS


A
B
A B A B
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Types
2-6
2.3.2 Lower Order Path
The U-Node WBM has the following crossconnect types:
! 1-Way
Add
Drop
LXC (Local Crossconnect)
Loopback
PPS (path Protection Selector)
! 2-Way
Add-Drop
LXC (Local Crossconnect)
Loopback
PPS (Path Protection Selector)
NOTE: When crossconnecting STM-n at Lower Order Path switch, Higher Order path
crossconnection is required as well.
2.3.2.1 1-Way
The following illustrations show examples of one-way crossconnect types:
Crossconnect Type Without PPS With PPS
Add

Drop

LOSW
HOSW
STM-N
PDH
LOSW
HOSW
STM-N
PDH
LOSW
HOSW
STM-N
PDH
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Types
2-7
HOSW: Higher order switch
LOSW: Lower order switch
2.3.2.2 2-Way
The following illustrations show examples of two-way crossconnect types:
LXC

Loopback

Crossconnect Type Without PPS With PPS


Add-Drop

Crossconnect Type Without PPS With PPS
LOSW
HOSW
STM-N
LOSW
HOSW
STM-N
LOSW
HOSW
PDH
LOSW
HOSW
STM-N
PDH
LOSW
HOSW
STM-N
PDH
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Types
2-8
HOSW: Higher order switch
LOSW: Lower order switch
LXC

Loopback

Crossconnect Type Without PPS With PPS


LOSW
HOSW
STM-N
LOSW
HOSW
STM-N
LOSW
HOSW
PDH
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Types
2-9
2.3.3 Additional Samples
! Multiple crossconnection sharing the same termination point can be specified. The
illustration below (at left) shows an example of the interlocking path. This path
comprises two types of setups, as shown in the illustration below (" to #).
! Following is Broadcast crossconnection comprising multiple crossconnect setups.
1-Way Crossconnect - Broadcast
! The path shown below can be achieved by multiple 1-Way PPS setups:
1-Way Crossconnect PPS Broadcast
! For Through connection between EAST and WEST on the MS-SPRing, connection must
be made using the same time slots on both the EAST and WEST sides.
" #
1-Way (LXC) 1-Way (PPS)
= +
A
B
C
A B
A B
C
A
B
A B
C
A
= +
D E
C
D E
A B
C D
= +
A
B
D
C
B
D
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Crossconnect Types
2-10
2.3.4 Idle Signal Processing
When the path has not been connected, the idle signal interlocking with a facility per line can
be specified for SDH Interface.
An idle signal that matches the registered Band Level for the crossconnect point is output for
each crossconnection.
The optical signal is not output unless you register each line facility and put it into the In-
Service state.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Squelch Settings
2-11
2.4 SQUELCH SETTINGS
Within the 2F/4F MS-SPRing configuration, if a node failure occurs where more than one
path that are added/dropped at different nodes are specified to the same time slot, their
connection will go wrong (misconnection). Following shows an example of path flows that
will have the misconnection if these paths use the same time slot:
To prevent the path flow from the misconnection, squelch table should be specified to each
path where an AIS is issued to the miss-connected path.
LINE2 LINE1
LINE2
LINE1
W
O
R
K
P
R
O
T
W
O
R
K
P
R
O
T
WORK
PROT
WORK
WORK
WORK WORK
WORK
PROT
PROT
PROT PROT
PROT
W
O
R
K
W
O
R
K
P
R
O
T
P
R
O
T
LINE2
LINE1
LINE2 LINE1 LINE2 LINE1
NODE 0
NODE 1
NODE 2
NODE 3
NODE 4
LINE2
LINE1
LINE2
LINE1
W
O
R
K
P
R
O
T
W
O
R
K
P
R
O
T
WORK
PROT
WORK
WORK
WORK WORK
WORK
PROT
PROT
PROT PROT
PROT
W
O
R
K
W
O
R
K
P
R
O
T
P
R
O
T
LINE2
LINE1
LINE2 LINE1 LINE2 LINE1
NODE 0
NODE 1
NODE 2
NODE 3
NODE 4
Failure has occurred in NODE3
PATH A
PATH B
PATH D
PATH C
PATH A
PATH C
PATH C is carried in
PATH A is carried in
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Squelch Settings
2-12
2.4.1 Squelch Table
Following shows an example for making squelch tables:
2.4.1.1 Simple 2F/4F MS-SPRing
For the regular 2F/4F MS-SPRing mode, registrations for Add Node ID (Near Add) and
Drop Node ID (Near Drop) are required:
! Squelch Node ID
NOTE: For a 2-Way path, assignments for Near Add node ID and Near Drop node ID can be
inverted.
Registration Near Add ID Near Drop ID Far Add ID Far Drop ID
For NODE 1 NODE 3 NODE 1
For NODE 2 NODE 3 NODE 1
For NODE 3 NODE 3 NODE 1
NODE 1
LINE 1
LINE 2
NODE 2
NODE 3
NODE 4
ADD NODE
DROP NODE
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Virtual Concatenation
2-13
2.5 VIRTUAL CONCATENATION
NOTE: Virtual concatenation is supported from Release 1.2.
2.5.1 Overview
Virtual concatenation allows better use of bandwidth by taking multiple channels as one
channel when transporting data. For example, if accommodating a Gigabit Ethernet signal
with the legacy contiguous concatenation, VC-4-16c is to be used allocating 2.5G bandwidth
(42% efficiency). However, with virtual concatenation, using VC-4-7v (7 channels of VC-4)
allocates only 1.05G bandwidth, and leaves the additional bandwidth within container for
other links (96% efficiency).
U-Node WBM supports this virtual concatenation only for Ethernet signals, such as
1000BASE (GBEM), 100BASE (FEH), and 10BASE (FEH).
2.5.2 Crossconnect Levels
U-Node WBM supports the following as the minimum unit of crossconnection level:
VC-4 (unit: 150M)
VC-4-4c (unit: 600M)
VC-4-16c (unit: 2.5G)
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Virtual Concatenation
2-14
2.5.3 Crossconnect
2.5.3.1 GBEM/FEH Package
NOTE: GBEM/FEH package is supported from Release 2.1.
For the virtual concatenation, in order to make selection available from bandwidth of 150M
to 2.5G, virtual concatenation termination point (VCT) must be registered.
Available VC (AU) path(s) within GBEM/FEH package can be registered for a VCT. Up to
four VCTs can be registered. Registering necessary VCs (AUs) for VCT specifies its virtual
concatenation.
VCT
#1
VCT
#2
VCT
#3
VCT
#4
AU #1
AU #2
AU #3
AU #16
VCT
#1
VCT
#2
VCT
#3
VCT
#4
AU #1
AU #2
AU #3
AU #16
GBEM/FEH GBEM/FEH
SDH NETWORK
LINE
#1
LINE
#2
LINE
#1
LINE
#2
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect Virtual Concatenation
2-15
2.5.3.2 Crossconnection Images
! GBEM/FEH Package
Crossconnection can be arranged in the same way shown for GBEM/FEH package. Also, as
shown below, it can be arranged for protection configuration:
Working line and Protecting line can belong to the different SINF as well:
LINE
#1
LINE
#2
VCT
#1
VCT
#2
VCT
#3
VCT
#4
SINF
SINF
W
P
W: WORK
P: PROTECTION
GBEM/FEH
Higher Order SW
(PSW40B)
VCT
#1
VCT
#2
VCT
#3
VCT
#4
SINF
SINF
W
P
W: WORK
P: PROTECTION
W
P
GBEM/FEH
LINE
#1
LINE
#2
Higher Order SW
(PSW40B)
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Crossconnect
2-16
E
This page is intentionally left blank.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Overview
3-1
3. PROTECTION
This section describes the protection function performed by U-Node WBM.
3.1 OVERVIEW
3.1.1 Protection Types
The following table shows the protection types available in U-Node WBM.
Type of
Protection
Object Method Note
Package PSW40B Package 1+1
STM1E Package None/1+1 E4 signal input/output is available when E4TRM and
E4TRM shelf are connected.
E31/32 Package None/1+1 E3 THR PKG must be used for Non-Protection.
E3/E32 TRM PKG must be used for Protection.
E12 Package None/1:n (n = 1 to 8) E1 THR PKG is for Non-Protection.
E1 TRM PKG is for Protection.
Line Transmission Line
(Linear Network)
None/1+1/1:1

Transmission Line
(Ring Network)
MS-SPRing
(4 Fiber/2 Fiber)

Path VC Path SNC/P Set up separate from lines.
OH RS Overhead
MS Overhead

Interlocking with Linear Protection, Ring Protection.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Overview
3-2
3.1.2 Protection Types and Package Slots
3.1.2.1 WBM Shelf Front View
The following illustration shows the front view of the WBM shelf:
M
S
C
B
S
S
C
B
P
S
W
4
0
B
P
S
W
4
0
B
SLOT #
3
O
H
C
4 5 6 1819 20 21 7 8 9 1011 12 13 1415 1617
I
N
F

#
1
I
N
F

#
2
I
N
F

#
3
I
N
F

#
4
I
N
F

(
E
1
2

P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
O
N
)
I
N
F

#
5
I
N
F

#
6
I
N
F

#
7
I
N
F

#
8
I
N
F

#
8
I
N
F

#
9
I
N
F

#
1
0
I
N
F

#
1
1
I
N
F

#
1
2
I
N
F

#
1
3
I
N
F

#
1
4
I
N
F

#
1
5
I
N
F

#
1
6
T
R
M

#
1
T
R
M

#
2
T
R
M

#
3
T
R
M

#
4
T
R
M

#
8
T
R
M

#
7
T
R
M

#
6
T
R
M

#
5
1 2 22
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Overview
3-3
3.1.2.2 Available Package Slots for Protections
M
S
C
B
S
S
C
B
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
P
S
W
40
B
P
S
W
40
B
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
I
N
F
O
H
C
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
LINE1 LINE2 (supported from Release 2.1)
LINE1 LINE2
LINE1 L2
L1 LINE2
L1 L2 L1 L2
NOTE 1
L1 L2
L1 L2 L1 L2
W P
(Currently not supported)
NOTE 2 NOTE 2
W P W P W P
W P W P W P W P
W P W P W P W P
W P W P
W P W P W P W P
W P W P W P
W P W P W P W P
W P
(P) W1 W2 W3 W4 W8 W7 W6 W5
PKG SLOT #
available slot
2F MS-SPRING
SINF16
SINF16(B) + SINF16
STM1E
E31/E32
E12
(P) Protection package slot for E12 1:N Package Protection
vacant slot to be kept when SINF16(B) is installed in the right; or if this slot has an
interface package, the slot to the right cannot have SINF16(B).
SINF16 + SINF16(B)
SINF16(B)
SINF64(B)
SINF16(B)
SINF16(B)
4F MS-SPRING
LINEAR
SINF16 / SINFM
SINF16(B) + SINF16
SINF16 + SINF16(B)
SINF16(B)
1+1
PSW40B
1:n
SINF64(B)
SINF16(B)
L1: LINE1, L2: LINE2
W P
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Overview
3-4
NOTES:
1. For Release prior to 1.2, only one switch group of 2F MS-SPRing by SINF16(B) is
available; one of these two switch groups must be selected. The multi-ring protection
with two 2F MS-SPRing switch groups by SINF16(B) is available from Release 1.2.
2. The use of these slots is available from Release 1.2.
Also refer to the General Information manual: 2.2 U-Node WBM Composition for detailed
descriptions on installation rules for interface packages.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Package Protection
3-5
3.2 PACKAGE PROTECTION
3.2.1 Switching Configuration
For Package Protection, two types of configurations are available:
! 1+1 (Nonrevertive) Package Protection Configuration:
PSW40B (common package)
STM1E (interface package)
E32 (interface package)
E31 (interface package)
! 1:n Package Protection Configuration (n = 1 thru 8)
E12 (interface package)
Packages must be installed into the appropriate slots to configure protections. Refer to 3.1.2.2
Available Package Slots for Protections for the use of slots.
U-Node WBM allows these packages listed above Non Protection (No Prot) configuration
as well.
3.2.2 Switching Mode and Switching Priority
There are two types of switching modes: the manual switch operated by the user, and the
automatic switch carried out by SF (signal failure) detection. The types of manual/automatic
switch are shown below:
Forced Switch (FSW): switching is operational regardless of failure status.
Manual Switch (MSW): switching is operational in Normal status.
Automatic Switch (AutoSW) (W): switching is carried out by SF detection in
Working side.
Automatic Switch (AutoSW) (P): switching is carried out by SF detection in
Protection side.
The priory for these switching operations differs depending on a package:
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Package Protection
3-6
3.2.2.1 1+1 Package Protection Switching Priority
! Switching Priority for PSW40B Package
FSW > AutoSW > MSW
! Switching Priority for STM1E/E32/E31 Packages
AutoSW (P)
NOTE
> FSW > AutoSW (W)
NOTE
> MSW
NOTE: For STM1E, E32 and E31 packages, if an Automatic Switch has been carried out by a
failure at the protection (P) side, the Forced Switch operation is disabled.
3.2.2.2 1:n Package Protection Switching Priority
! Switching Priority for E12 Package
LKOP > AutoSW (P) > FSW > AutoSW (W) > MSW > WTR
NOTE: For E12 package, FSW/MSW from Protection side (P) to the Working side (W)
are not available.
3.2.3 Lockout Mode
The Lockout mode holds the switching status (no switch operation is available) regardless of
the current switching status; this mode can be set by the user.
3.2.4 Switching Status
The switching status and the online package can be confirmed via the CID. The ONLINE
LED (green) on front of a package lights up when the package is in the online mode, and
goes out when the package is in the offline mode. The maintenance LEDs (yellow) on the
rack top and MSCB package light up when the switching command (Lockout, Lockout of
Protection, Lockout of Working, Forced Switch, or Manual Switch) is successfully
completed by the user.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-7
3.3 LINE PROTECTION
This subsection describes optical line facility protection.
3.3.1 Switching Configuration
You must specify interface packages that configure line protection. There are two protection
methods as shown below:
! Two INF PKGs Protection: 2F MS-SPRing, 1+1 Linear, 1:1 Linear
! Four INF PKGs Protection: 4F MS-SPRing
Packages must be installed into the appropriate slots to configure protections. Refer to 3.1.2.2
Available Package Slots for Protections for the use of slots.
3.3.2 Applicable Interface Types
$: Available.
: Not available.
* This interface is supported from Release 2.1.
INTERFACE
150M
(OP1)
600M
(OP4)
2.5G 10G*
Linear
$ $ $
2F-Ring
$ $
4F-Ring
$
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-8
3.3.3 Linear Protection
The following illustration shows the protection setup in multi-line interface packages
(SINFM PKG) (150 M 16):
3.3.3.1 Linear Protection Mode
In the Linear Protection mode, the following switch type and APS mode are selectable per
line:
! Switch Type
1+1 Unidirectional, Nonrevertive
1+1 Bidirectional, Nonrevertive
1:1 Bidirectional, Revertive
! APS Mode
ITU-T
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 14 15 16 17 (18) 19 (20) 21
V
A
C
A
N
T
S
I
N
F
M
+
OP1
(W)
S
I
N
F
M
+
OP1
(P)
SWTICH GROUP
LINE 16 (WORK) LINE 16
(PROTECTION)
LINE 1 (WORK)
LINE 1
(PROTECTION)
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-9
3.3.3.2 1+1 Unidirectional Linear Protection
The following illustration shows 1+1 Unidirectional Linear Protection Operation:
NOTE: For this protection type, a path cannot individually be specified to the Protection side.
Protection line must be left open.
3.3.3.3 1+1 Bidirectional Linear Protection
The following illustration shows 1+1 Bidirectional Linear Protection Operation:
NOTE: For this protection type, a path cannot individually be specified to the Protection side.
Protection line must be left open.
Optical
Interface
Optical
Interface
WORK LINE
PROTECTION LINE
Optical
Interface
Optical
Interface
WORK LINE
PROTECTION LINE
ONLINE
Optical
Interface
Optical
Interface
WORK LINE
PROTECTION LINE
Optical
Interface
Optical
Interface
WORK LINE
PROTECTION LINE
ONLINE
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-10
3.3.3.4 1:1 Bidirectional Linear Protection
The following illustration shows 1:1 Bidirectional Linear Protection Operation:
NOTE: For this type of protection, a path can individually be specified to the Protection side,
which enables SLA. (SLA is supported from Release 1.2.) See 3.3.3.5 Standby Line
Access (SLA).
3.3.3.5 Standby Line Access (SLA)
For 1:1 Bidirectional protection, a path can also be specified to the Protection side, which
enables SLA. Specified Protection-side path will be in normal service as long as the Work
path has no failure; if a failure occurs to the Work side, the failed Work path will take over
the Protection side, and the path originally specified to the Protection side is terminated. (SLA
is supported from Release 1.2.)
Optical
Interface
Optical
Interface
WORK LINE
PROTECTION LINE
Optical
Interface
Optical
Interface
WORK LINE
PROTECTION LINE
ONLINE
WORK LINE
SLA/PROTECTION LINE
ONLINE
WORK LINE
SLA/PROTECTION LINE
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-11
3.3.3.6 Switching Mode
There are two types of switching modes: the command switch operated by the user, and the
automatic switch carried out by SF (signal failure) and/or SD (signal degrade) detection. The
following table shows switching commands:
Following shows the cause of Automatic Switch:
AutoSW(SF-W): switching is carried out by SF detection in Working side.
AutoSW(SF-P): switching is carried out by SF detection in Protection side.
AutoSW(SD): switching is carried out by SD detection.
SF: Signal Fail SD: Signal Degrade
Command Definition
Lockout of protection (LKOP) LKOP inhibits the switching of service to the protection
unit.
Forced Switch to protection
(FSW to Protection)
Service is forcibly switched from the working line to the
protection line.
Forced Switch to working
(FSW to Working)
Service is forcibly switched from the protection line to
the working line.
Manual switch to protection
(MSW to Protection)
Service is manually switched from the working line to
the protection line.
Manual switch to working
(MSW to Working)
Service is manually switched from the protection line to
the working line.
Clear This command is used to release LKOP, MSW, and FSW;
it also releases WTR status.
Exercise This command is used to check the working conditions
of the protection switch mechanism.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-12
3.3.3.7 Linear Protection Switching Priority
! 1+1 Protection Switching priority is:
LKOP > AutoSW (SF-P) > FSW > AutoSW (SF-W) > AutoSW (SD) > MSW
The Lockout mode holds the switching status, and stops the transition regardless of the
current switching status; this mode can be set by the user.
You can modify the following parameters to the switching operation:
! RGT (Request to Guard Time): if a failed condition has been detected for this
specified period (Guard Time), NE will regard the condition as a failure.
! WRT (Wait-to-Response Time): in the bi-directional mode, after sending a K
Byte request, if this specified period has run out without receiving the expected K
Byte from the opposing NE, NE will regard the condition as a failure.
! FFCT (Fault-Free Confirmation Time): after a failed condition is cleared, NE
waits for this specified period to ensure that the failure is cleared.
! WTR (Wait-to-Restore): in the revertive mode, after a failure is cleared (FFCT
process has been completed), NE waits for this specified period to confirm the
status, then switches the line back to the default side.
! 1:1 Protection Switching priority is:
LKOP > AutoSW (SF-P) > FSW > AutoSW (SF-W) > AutoSW (SD) > MSW > WTR
3.3.3.8 Lockout Mode
The Lockout mode holds the switching status (no switch operation is available) regardless of
the current switching status; this mode can be set by the user.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-13
3.3.3.9 Switching Status
The switching status and online facility can be confirmed via the CID.
The ONLINE LED (green) on the front of the package lights up when the line of the package
is in the online mode, and goes out when the line is in the offline mode. The maintenance
LED (yellow) on the rack top and MSCB package light up when the switching command
(Lockout, LKOP, Forced Switch, or Manual Switch) is successfully completed by the user.
3.3.3.10 Maintenance
Performance monitoring (PM) function detects switching operation and switching time.
Also, this function is used to notify switching failures to users.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-14
3.3.4 Ring Protection
U-Node WBM supports the Ring Protection for 10G* (except for 4F MS-SPRing) or 2.5G
Interfaces only, where those interface packages must be installed into the package slots #3
thru 6. The 600M and smaller interfaces are not available for Ring Protection configuration.
See 3.1.2.2 Available Package Slots for Protections for the protection type and appropriate
package slots. [*: 10G interface is supported from Release 2.1.]
3.3.4.1 Ring Switch Protection Types
2F MS-SPRing and 4F MS-SPRing are configured according to the number of interfaces.
U-Node WBM provides the In-Service Upgrade function for MS-SPRing from 2-Fiber to
4-Fiber (supported from Release 1.2). The following illustration shows an example of 4F
MS-SPRing mode operation:
3.3.4.2 Span Switch Protection (4F MS-SPRing only)
Span Switch Protection is the method working on 4F MS-SPRing only; not available on 2F
MS-SPRing. Following illustration shows an example configuration and the Span Switching:
W
P
P
W
P
W
W
P
W
P
P
W
P
W
W
P
: Line (fiber)
: Traffic
W : Working side
P : Protection side
: Failure
! !! ! Normal Status
NODE 2
NODE 3
NODE 4
NODE 1
NODE 2
NODE 3
NODE 4
NODE 1
! !! ! Span Switch is carried out by a failure
between NODE 3 and NODE 4.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-15
3.3.4.3 Ring Switch Protection
Following illustration shows an example configuration and the Ring Switching:
3.3.4.4 Standby Line Access (SLA)
For 2F/4F MS-SPRing protection, a path can also be specified to the Protection side, which
enables SLA. Specified Protection-side path will be in normal service as long as the Work
path has no failure; if a failure occurs to the Work side, the failed Work path will take over
the Protection side, terminating the path originally specified to the Protection side. If Span
Switch is carried out, corresponding section of Protection-side path is also terminated. (SLA
is supported from Release 1.2.)
: Line (fiber); the same line in 2F MS-SPRing, a different line in 4F MS-SPRing.
: Traffic
W : Working side
P : Protection side
: Failure
! !! ! Normal Status
! !! ! Ring Switch is carried out by a failure
NODE 3
NODE 2
NODE 1
NODE 4
W
P
P
W
P
W
W
P
NODE 2
NODE 3
NODE 4
NODE 1
W
P
W
P
W
P
P
W
between NODE 2 and NODE 3.
W P/SLA
W
W
W
W
P/SLA
P/SLA
P/SLA
W P/SLA
W P/SLA
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-16
3.3.4.5 Switching Mode
There are two types of switching modes: command switch by user operation, and automatic
switch by detection of line failure. The following table shows switching commands:
Following shows the cause of Automatic Switch:
AutoSW(SF-W): switching is carried out by SF detection in Working side.
AutoSW(SF-P): switching is carried out by SF detection in Protection side.
AutoSW(SD-W): switching is carried out by SD detection in Working side.
AutoSW(SD-P): switching is carried out by SD detection in Protection side.
AutoSW(SF-Span): Span switch is carried out by SF detection (not for 2F MS-SPRing).
AutoSW(SF-Ring): Ring switch is carried out by SF detection.
AutoSW(SD-Span): Span switch is carried out by SD detection (not for 2F MS-SPRing).
AutoSW(SD-Ring): Ring switch is carried out by SD detection.
SF: Signal Fail SD: Signal Degrade
Switching priority is:
LKOP or AutoSw(SF-P) > FSW(Span) > FSW(Ring) > AutoSW(SF-Span)
> AutoSW(SF-Ring) > AutoSW(SD-P) > AutoSW(SD-Span)
> AutoSW(SD-Ring) > MSW(Span) > MSW(Ring) > WTR
The Lockout mode holds the switching status, and stops the transition regardless of the
current switching status; this mode can be set by the user.
Command Definition
Lockout of working [LKOW] (Ring) LKOW (Ring) inhibits the ring switching for service from Line 1 working
to Line 2 protection or from Line 2 working to Line 1 protection.
Lockout of working [LKOW] (Span) LKOW (Span) inhibits the span switching of service from Line 1 working
to Line 1 protection or from Line 2 working to Line 2 protection.
Clear of lockout of working This command is used to release LKOW (Ring) and LKOW (Span).
Lockout of Protection - All Spans
[LKOP]
This command is used to inhibit the switching of both lines of a node.
Clear (Lockout of Protection - All
Spans)
This command is used to release the Lockout of Protection - All Spans
command.
Lockout of protection [LKOP] LKOP inhibits the switching of service to the protection Line.
Forced Switch [FSW] (Span) Span switching is forcibly done.
Forced Switch [FSW] (Ring) Ring switching is forcibly done.
Manual Switch [MSW] (Span) Span switching is manually done.
Manual Switch [MSW] (Ring) Ring switching is manually done.
Clear This command is used to release LKOP, MSW, and FSW.
Exercise (Span) This command is used to check the span switching.
Exercise (Ring) This command is used to check the ring switching.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Line Protection
3-17
You can modify the following parameters to the switching operation:
! RGT (Request to Guard Time): if a failed condition has been detected for this
specified period (Guard Time), NE will regard the condition as a failure.
! WRT (Wait-to-Response Time): in the bi-directional mode, after sending a K
Byte request, if this specified period has run out without receiving the expected K
Byte from the opposing NE, NE will regard the condition as a failure.
! FFCT (Fault-Free Confirmation Time): after a failed condition is cleared, NE
waits for this specified period to ensure that the failure is cleared.
! WTR (Wait-to-Restore): in the revertive mode, after a failure is cleared (FFCT
process has been completed), NE waits for this specified period to confirm the
status, then switches the line back to the default side.
3.3.4.6 Switching Status
The switching status and online facility can be confirmed via the CID.
The ONLINE LED (green) on the front of the package lights up when the line of the package
is in the online mode, and goes out when the line is in the offline mode. The maintenance
LED (yellow) on the rack top and MSCB package lights up when the switching command
(Lockout, LKOW, LKOP, Forced Switch, or Manual Switch) is successfully completed by
the user.
3.3.4.7 Maintenance
The performance monitoring (PM) detects switching operation and switching time.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Path Protection
3-18
3.4 PATH PROTECTION
U-Node WBM supports the Sub-Network Connection Protection (SNC/P) function for
higher-order path and lower-order path. The protection object is the non-terminating path
(VC path).
! Operation Method
1+1 Unidirectional, Nonrevertive
1+1 Unidirectional, Revertive
! Monitoring Method
According to the switching status of the object, the SNC/P monitoring method is classified
into the following:
SNC/I: Sub-Network Connection Protection with Inherent Monitoring
SNC/N: Sub-Network Connection Protection with Non-intrusive Monitoring
3.4.1 Path Protection Mode
The following illustration shows the path protection operation in the SNC/P mode for
example:
NODE 3
NODE 2
NODE 4
NODE 1
NODE 3
NODE 2
NODE 4
NODE 1
! While in Normal Condition
! If a Failure Occurs between
NODE 2 and NODE 3
Add-Drop
Add-Drop
Add-Drop
Add-Drop
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Path Protection
3-19
3.4.2 Switching Mode
There are two types of switching modes: command switch by user operation, and automatic
switch by detection of path failure. The following table shows switching commands:
Following shows the cause of Automatic Switch:
AutoSW(SF): switching is carried out by SF detection.
AutoSW(SD): switching is carried out by SD detection.
SF: Signal Fail SD: Signal Degrade
Switching priority is:
LKOP > FSW > AutoSW(SF) > AutoSW(SD) > MSW > WTR*
*only when in the revertive mode
The Lockout mode holds the switching status, and stops the transition regardless of the
current switching status; this mode can be set by the user.
You can modify the following parameters for switching operation:
! Hold-Off Time: the delay time before starting to switch from working side to
protection side after a failure is detected.
! WTR (Wait-to-Restore Time): the delay time to wait for the recovery.
! Threshold Value
3.4.2.1 Switching Status
The switching status and online path can be confirmed via the CID.
The maintenance LED lights up when the switching command (LKOP, Forced Switch, or
Manual Switch) is successfully completed by the user.
3.4.2.2 Maintenance
The PM function is used to notify users of switching failures. The lit/unlit status of the
maintenance LED on NE and MSCB package is interlocked with the Protection operation.
Command Definition
Lockout of protection (LKOP) LKOP inhibits the switching of service to the non-default path.
Forced Switch (FSW) Service is forcibly switched.
Manual Switch (MSW) Service is manually switched.
Clear This command is used to release LKOP, MSW, and FSW.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Interlocked Ring Protection
3-20
3.5 INTERLOCKED RING PROTECTION
NOTE: This configuration is presently not supported.
The U-Node WBM supports the Interlocked Ring Protection that allows traffic from one ring
to be interconnected with traffic from another ring. This protection takes place by using path
protection and ring protection. This connection is made at two nodes, the primary and
secondary nodes, in each ring. The two rings are interconnected in two places to provide an
alternate traffic path in case of primary node failure. Service selectors (the crossconnect
switching in the PSW40B) in the primary and secondary nodes allow selection between
incoming aggregate and tributary signals.
The primary source sends the signal to the primary destination; should the signal fail, either
because the line is cut or because one of the primary nodes suffers a failure, the signal is
rerouted through the secondary nodes.
At least three nodes must be available for Interlocked Rings. All U-Node WBM nodes are
capable of performing primary node and secondary node functions.
The following illustration shows an example of Interlocked Ring protection:
Path Protection
Crossconnect
MS-SPRing
MS-SPRing
Path Bridge
Crossconnect
(Service Selector)
(Service Selector)
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection Overhead (OH) Protection
3-21
3.6 OVERHEAD (OH) PROTECTION
OH Protection is used to select the overhead sent from an external NE. This function is
interlocked with the facilitys on-line status (protection status).
3.6.1 Objects for OH Protection
The following are supported:
! RSOH (Regenerator Section Overhead)
! MSOH (Multiplex Section Overhead)
! Non-OH Protection
3.6.2 Types of OH Protection
OH protection is interlocked with the following line protection:
! Linear Line Protection (STM-1/STM-4/STM-16/STM-64)
! 4F MS-SPRing (STM-16)
NOTES:
1. STM-64 Linear Line Protection is not presently supported.
2. 4F MS-SPRing is available only when Span switching is executed.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Protection
3-22
E
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REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization Synchronization
4-1
4. SYNCHRONIZATION
This section describes the synchronization function as applicable to U-Node WBM.
4.1 SYNCHRONIZATION
4.1.1 Clock Interface
4.1.1.1 External Timing Incoming
U-Node WBM supports the following external timing (incoming) interfaces. Two systems
of external timing (incoming) go into a PSW40B package. The incoming interface type
follows the registered/mounted package.
2,048 kbit/s Without Traffic (120 /75 )
2,048 kHz (120 /75 )
Option: choice of with/without CRC for 2,048 kbit/s.
4.1.1.2 External Timing Outgoing
U-Node WBM supports the following external timing (outgoing) interfaces. Two systems of
external timing (outgoing) go out of a PSW40B package. The outgoing interface type
follows the registered/mounted package.
2,048 kbit/s Without Traffic (120 /75 )
2,048 kHz (120 /75 )
Option: choice of with/without CRC for 2,048 kbit/s.
4.1.1.3 SDH Line Timing
As the timing source, a line timing can be selected from the slots of each STM-n interface
package.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization Synchronization
4-2
4.1.1.4 2M PDH Line Timing
When an E12 interface packages is mounted and 2M PDH signal (with traffic) interface is
enabled, the U-Node WBM can use 2M line timing for its equipment timing source. From all
the 2M lines of the equipment, any two lines are the only available entries for 2M line timing.
Following shows applications that require 2M PDH line timing:
! U-Node WBM is placed in a station that can provide only 2M PDH line timing
(the station does not provide synchronizer other than the exchanges built-in
SSU):
! Both 2M PDH line timing and the external timing are used in the redundant
configuration, using one of two EXT IN ports for synchronizer, and the other for
2M PDH line timing:
U-NODE WBM
E12 PKG PSW40B PKG
SSU
2M PDH LINE
EXCHANGE
SSU: Synchronization Supply Unit
U-NODE WBM
E12 PKG PSW40B PKG
SSU
2M PDH LINE
EXCHANGE
SEL
SSU
SSU: Synchronization Supply Unit
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization Synchronization
4-3
4.1.2 Timing Mode
Timing mode can be set by selecting the timing source.
! Normal Mode (Slow Tracking Mode/Locked Mode)
This mode is synchronized with external timing input or SDH Line timing.
! Fast Mode
This is a faster synchronization pull-in mode. Use this mode for testing.
! Holdover Mode
In this mode, if all the timing source inputs are lost, the phase and frequency of the timing
source previously used for the synchronization is held over.
! Freerun Mode
In this mode, an NE operates independently by synchronizing with the internal OSC.
The following illustration shows the timing mode transition:
FORCED
FREE-RUN
MODE
FORCED
HOLDOVER
MODE
FREE-RUN
MODE
FORCED FREE-RUN
FORCED
FREE-RUN
AUTO SELECTION
OPERATION
FORCED
HOLDOVER
AUTO SELECTION OPERATION
HOLDOVER
MODE
ACQUIRING
HOLDOVER HOLDOVER
MEMORY
VALID
TIMING SOURCE
AVAILABLE
NO VALID
TIMING SOURCE
AVAILABLE
VALID
TIMING SOURCE
AVAILABLE
TIMING SOURCE
NO VALID
AVAILABLE
TIMING SOURCE
MEMORY
ACQUIRED
NORMAL MODE
HOLDOVER
ACQUISITION TIME
(H/W AUTO SELECTION)
AUTO SELECTION
OPERATION
PROVISIONING
POWER ON
(HOT/COLD)
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization Synchronization
4-4
4.1.3 Clock Features
The following clock features apply to ITU-T Standards:
! Freerun Accuracy
! Pull-in/Hold-in/Pull-out Range
! Frequency Drift Alarm
! Holdover Stability
! Noise Tolerance
! Noise Generation
! Phase Transient Response
! Signal Interruption ( Interruption)
! Reflective Alarm
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization Timing Source Control
4-5
4.2 TIMING SOURCE CONTROL
The timing source is selected automatically following the priority shown below:
4.2.1 Quality Level
Timing source is selected by the following Quality Level for S1 byte specified in ITU-T
Standards. Also, a selection that does not specify QL value is available.
Four ways to set Quality Level are available:
! Quality Level conveyed from SSM
! Support or not SSM
! Forced QL Setting
! Timing Source Failure
4.2.2 Priority Level Setting
The priority level can be specified for all timing sources. Using priority levels, you can
specify timing source as an object to be excluded from the selection as well.
Priority Criteria
1 PL = NSEL
2 Lockout
3 Forced Switch
4 Signal Fail
5 QL
6 QL is DNU (DUS) or higher
7 Manual Switch
8 PL
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization Timing Source Control
4-6
4.2.3 SSM Control
SSM (Synchronization Status Message) contains information for NEs to identify the quality
of Timing Reference. Enabling SSMUSE Function selects the best quality of timing
reference each time, instead of accepting one specified quality level. The following
interfaces support SSM as timing source control:
! Line Facility Signal
You can select whether or not to support SSM on all SDH Line signals.
! 2,048 kbit/s External Clock Signal
You can select whether or not to send/receive SSM to 2,048 kbit/s External Clock with CRC
Multiframe Format signal.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization Timing Source Selection
4-7
4.3 TIMING SOURCE SELECTION
The equipment timing source and external output timing source are available for timing
source selection. There are two systems of external output timing sources; they are selected
and controlled individually.
4.3.1 External Output Timing Source Switching Modes
External Output timing source includes the following modes:
! Fixed Timing Mode
The timing source of a line set by the user is output as the external output timing source.
! Auto Switching Timing Mode
One of the specified timing sources is switched automatically within NE and is output as
external output timing source.
4.3.2 External Output Message Translation Modes
The following modes are available for outputting messages to external output:
! Message Pass Through Mode
In this mode, SSM value that is the origin of synchronization of external output timing
source is always monitored. SSM value is converted to SSM for External Output and is
output. This mode is supported only when 2,048 kbit/s with CRC interface is used.
! Threshold AIS Generation Mode
QL value of output timing source is always monitored. QL value is compared with the QL
value already set. If the QL value exceeds the set threshold value, AIS generation occurs.
If QL value does not exceed the setting value, AIS generation is released.
4.3.3 Signal Fail
If a failure occurs in SDH line signal or external incoming clock, the timing source becomes
QL-FAILED when a timing source failure is evaluated as having occurred.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization Timing Source Selection
4-8
4.3.4 Hold-off Time
A momentary failure that occurs within the specified period (Hold-off Time) is not counted
as a timing source failure. The Hold-off Time period has been specified to 1.5 seconds.
4.3.5 SSM Hold-off Time
Under the SSMUSE mode, if the quality level of the incoming timing reference is held for a
specified period (SSM Hold-off Time), the timing reference is selected. Among the
commeasurable timing sources, specifying the SSM Hold-off Time to one with the highest
priority level can avoid unavailing switching that causes wander variations. If a failure
occurs to the timing source, or if an invalid SSM or DNU (Do Not Use) is received, this
holding-off command will be rejected.
4.3.6 Wait-to-Restore Time
Wait-to-Restore Time is the duration to wait before executing the timing source switch, in
order to determine whether or not the recovery is the momentary status.
4.3.7 Switching Control
In automatic switching timing mode, either equipment timing source or external output
timing source can be selected depending on the command. The following commands are
available:
! Lockout
If this command is specified to a timing source, that timing source will be excluded from
timing source selection.
! Forced Switch
Switching is forcibly carried out to the timing source selected by this command, regardless
of quality level of the target timing source, except when Lockout is specified.
! Manual Switch
Switching is carried out when a timing source selected by the command has equivalent to
or higher level than that of currently selected timing source, where a signal failure does not
exist.
! Clear
This command is used to clear the switching command.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization Precautions
4-9
4.4 PRECAUTIONS
An improper configuration of timing synchronization causes timing loop. See the following
example:
4.4.1 Timing Loop Example
The illustration below shows a timing loop that occurs between NODE 1 and BITS/SSU.
Between BITS/SSU and NODE 2, the quality levels (QL) for both the incoming and
outgoing are set to the same value, QL_1 (PRS/PRC; G.811). The quality level for the
outgoing from NODE 2 to NODE 1 is set to QL_1 (PRS/PRC; G.811) where the DNU
Restoration Time is set to OFF:
NODE 1
QL_1
IN
NODE 2
OUT
QL_1
OUT
IN
NODE 3
QL_1
QL_6
BITS/SSU
QL_1
QL_1
NODE 1
IN
NODE 2
OUT
QL_9
OUT
IN
NODE 3
QL_1
BITS/SSU
(PRC; G.811)
(PRC; G.811)
(PRC; G.811)
(PRC; G.811)
(SETS)
(PRC; G.811)
(DNU)
QL_1
(PRC; G.811)
QL_1
(PRC; G.811)
(PRC; G.811)
Change the setups as shown below to stop the timing loop:
DNU Restoration Time is set to any value but OFF.
QL_1
(PRC; G.811)
QL_6
(SETS)
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Synchronization
4-10
E
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REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Configuration Management Object
5-1
5. CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT
This section describes inter-NE management and control methods to manage/control NE.
5.1 CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT OBJECT
U-Node WBM has items to define and control NE operation; the items are called
Management Objects. The following table shows the Management Objects for U-Node
WBM.
Classification Object Description
Equipment NODE NE Component (See 5.1.1)
SHELF Shelf Component (See 5.1.2)
PKG (Package) PKG Component (See 5.1.3)
MEMCARD (Memory Card) Memory card inter-MSCB (See 5.1.3)
CPU CPU (See 5.1.4)
Facility Line Facilities Object of each layer of interface (See 5.1.5)
EXTCLK External Clock Interface (See 5.1.6)
Switch Group Protection Switch Group GRP for Package Switching of PSW40B (See 5.1.7)
Synchronization SYNC Common GRP for Timing Source (See 5.1.8)
Overhead OHCH Overhead Access Channel (See 5.1.9)
RSDCC RS-DCC (LAPD) Management Function (See 5.1.10)
MSDCC MS-DCC (LAPD) Management Function (See 5.1.10)
Others HKC Housekeeping Control (See 5.1.11)
HKA Housekeeping Alarm (See 5.1.11)
V11PORT V.11 Port (See 5.1.12)
ASAP Alarm Severity Profile (Alarm Severity Assignment Profile)
THP TCA Threshold Profile
VCT Virtual Concatenation [supported from Release 2.1]
GFPCT Channel ID [supported from Release 2.1]
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Configuration Management Object
5-2
5.1.1 NODE (NE: Network Element)
This is the object that represents the network element (NE).
5.1.2 SHELF
This is the object that represents the shelf. U-Node WBM uses a WBM shelf:
Shelf Name Function
WBM The WBM shelf has management/control of NE and crossconnect functions.
It contains up to SDH Optical Interface, PDH Interface, STM1E Interface, and
Ethernet Interface.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Configuration Management Object
5-3
5.1.3 PKG (Package)
This is the object that represents package components. The following table shows a list of
package objects.
5.1.3.1 SINFM PKG
Multiple lines (OPn) are equipped on one SINFM PKG. The optical stick component
(physical layer) can be mounted/dismounted as shown below. See the Package Description/
Installation manual for details.
Package Name Main Function
MSCB NE Control Management
PSW40B Crossconnect + Path Switching + Clock
OHC OH Management, LAPD Termination, HKA, HKC
SSCB Protection Management
SINF64(B) STM-64 Interface; colored/non-colored [supported from Release 2.1]
SINF16/SINF16(B) STM-16 Interface; colored/non-colored
SINFM with OP4
OP1
STM-4 Interface (1 to 4 lines) and STM-1 Interface (1 to 16 lines).
By mounting OPn, either interface is available.
STM1E with STM1TRM
E4TRM
STM1-e Electrical Interface (1 to 16 lines); or E4 Electrical Interface
E12 2M Electrical Interface (1 to 63 lines)
E31 34M Electrical Interface (1 to 6 lines)
E32 45M Electrical Interface (1 to 6 lines)
GBEM 1000BASE-SX or 1000BASE-LX Ethernet Interface (multiple packets)
[supported from Release 2.1]
FEH 100BASE-TX and 10BASE-T Ethernet Interface (1 to 8, or to 16 lines)
[supported from Release 2.1]
MEMB Holding backup data and F/W. Size: 32 MByte
#16: OP1
#15: OP1
#14: OP1
#1: OP4
SINFM
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Configuration Management Object
5-4
5.1.3.2 Slot Number
The following table defines the slot number of each shelf. The slot numbers below are
retrieved by the Inventory as AIDs to indicate the locations of slots. The mounting slot is
fixed for each package.
Slot #7 (INF P) is used only for a protection package of E12 (2M interface).
M
S
C
B
S
S
C
B
P
S
W
4
0
B
P
S
W
4
0
B
SLOT #
3
O
H
C
4 5 6 1819 20 21 7 8 9 1011 12 13 1415 1617
I
N
F

#
1
I
N
F

#
2
I
N
F

#
3
I
N
F

#
4
I
N
F

(
E
1
2

P
R
O
T
E
C
T
I
O
N
)
I
N
F

#
5
I
N
F

#
6
I
N
F

#
7
I
N
F

#
8
I
N
F

#
8
I
N
F

#
9
I
N
F

#
1
0
I
N
F

#
1
1
I
N
F

#
1
2
I
N
F

#
1
3
I
N
F

#
1
4
I
N
F

#
1
5
I
N
F

#
1
6
T
R
M

#
1
T
R
M

#
2
T
R
M

#
3
T
R
M

#
4
T
R
M

#
8
T
R
M

#
7
T
R
M

#
6
T
R
M

#
5
1 2 22
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Configuration Management Object
5-5
5.1.4 CPU
This is the object representing a CPU which controls a package. The following table shows
object names of CPUs, and those of packages where CPUs are equipped.
PKG CPU Remark
MSCB SCBCPU
AGCPU
PSW40B PW40BCPU
OHC OHCPU Three CPUs can be equipped on one PKG.
SSCB SWBCPU
SINF64(B) IF64CPU [supported from Release 2.1]
SINF16 IFCPU
SINFM IFCPU
STM1E IFCPU
E12 E12CPU
E31 E31CPU
E32 E32CPU
GBEM GEMUCPU [supported from Release 2.1]
FEH FEHCPU [supported from Release 2.1]
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Configuration Management Object
5-6
5.1.5 Facility
This object controls each layer signal in the transmission line. The following table shows
facility names and functions.
5.1.6 External Clock (EXTCLK)
This object controls the external clock. PSW40B package has a clock function and provides
an external clock. The following table shows EXT CLK object names and PSW package
types.
Facility Function Corresponding PKG
SINF64F STM-64 Interface [supported from Release 2.1] SINF64(B)
SINF16F STM-16 Interface SINF16/SINF16(B)
SINFMF STM-4, STM-1 Interface SINFM
GBEMF 1000BASE-SX/LX Ethernet Interface; multiple packets
[supported from Release 2.1]
GBEM
FEHF 100BASE-TX/10BASE-T Ethernet Interface
[supported from Release 2.1]
FEH
E12F 2M (electrical) Interface E12
E31F 34M (electrical) Interface E31
E32F 45M (electrical) Interface E32
STM1EF STM1e (electrical) Interface STM1E
AU3 Section Adaptation [supported from Release 2.1] GBEM/FEH
AU4 Section Adaptation SINF64(B)/SINF16/
SINF16(B)/SINFM/STM1E
HPMON4 Higher-order Path Monitor SINF64(B)/SINF16/
SINF16(B)/SINFM/STM1E
LPMON Lower-order Path Monitor PSW40B
HPT Higher-order Path Termination PSW40B
HPTM3 GBEM High-order Path Termination
[supported from Release 2.1]
GBEM/FEH
LPT Lower-order Path Termination E12/E31/E32
SDHTU TU Termination Point on SDH Interface Side PSW40B
PDHTU TU Termination Point on PDH Interface Side E12/E31/E32
Object Name PSW PKG Type Clock Interface
EXC2MH 2 MHz 2 MHz Clock (75/120 )
EXC2MB 2 Mbit/s 2 Mbit/s (75/120 )
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Configuration Management Object
5-7
5.1.7 Switch Group
This object manages Package Protection and Line Protection (Linear/MS-SPRing). The
following table shows SW Group names and functions.
Refer to the General Information manual: 2. Application, and/or 3. Protection in this
manual for interface packages and available configuration.
5.1.8 Synchronization
This is not a physical object but is controlled logically by PSW40B packages.
SW GRP Name Function
PSWS PSW40B Package Protection Control
INFNS E12 Package Protection Control
INFS E31/E32 Package Protection Control
STM1ES STM1E Package Protection Control
LINES Linear Protection Control
MS2FS 2-Fiber MS-SPRing Protection Control (only for SINF16F and SINF64F* facilities)
MS4FS 4-Fiber MS-SPRing Protection Control (only for SINF16F facilities)
*: SINF64F is supported from Release 2.1.
SYNC Function
SYNCG This object is used to control common components for Internal Timing Source Selec-
tion Group (SYNCISG) and External Clock Timing Source Selection Group (SYNC-
ESG).
SYNCU This object is used to control common components for Internal Timing Source Unit
(SYNCISU) and External Clock Timing Source Unit (SYNCESU). The PSW40B
package, manages SYNCU objects to monitor STM-n line clocks, external clock, and
2M line clock with traffic.
SYNCISG This object is used to control Internal Timing Source selection.
SYNCISU This object is used to control the configuration (source) of Internal Timing Source
selection.
SYNCESG This object is used to control External Clock Timing Source selection.
SYNCESU This object is used to control the configuration (source) of External Clock Timing
Source selection.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Configuration Management Object
5-8
5.1.9 Overhead Access Channel (OHCH)
OHCH is used to manage the line facility that connects an SDH Line facility overhead to
MSDCC, RSDCC, V.11 Interface, E1DB (Digital Branch), and E2DB. OHC PKG supports
OHCH.
5.1.10 Data Communication Channel (DCC)
DCC is the object used to manage LAPD for a management network with the data
communication channel.
NOTE: MSDCC can be selected for SINF64F (supported from Release 2.1) and SINF16F
facilities.
5.1.10.1 OHC Package Type and DCC
NOTE: DCC number should be registered at the OHC Package parameter settings.
5.1.11 HKC/HKA
HKC is the object that represents intra-office Housekeeping Control function. HKA is the
object that represents intra-office Housekeeping Alarm function.
5.1.12 V.11 Port
V.11 Port is the object that provides the V.11 loopback function.
Data Communication Channel (DCC) Type
DCC Type Function Corresponding PKG
RSDCC RS-DCC (LAPD) Management OHC
MSDCC MS-DCC (LAPD) Management
PKG Type DCC Number RSDCC/MSDCC CH Number
AAxx 4CH RSDCC 4CH
ABxx 8CH RSDCC 8CH
ACxx 12CH RSDCC 8CH, MSDCC 4CH
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Service State
5-9
5.2 SERVICE STATE
To manage equipment configuration, the status for providing service to each object described
above is defined as its Service State. There are the following functions: Notification of
service state to maintenance personnel and unnecessary alarm inhibition from an out-of-
service object. Some functions are restricted, according to service state.
5.2.1 Service State Definition
There are the following two service state parameters:
! PST (Primary Service State)
This indicates primary service state of object.
! SST (Secondary Service State)
This is additional information for PST. This indicates cause of PST state or state change.
SST is issued for PKG object only.
5.2.1.1 Primary Service State (PST)
5.2.1.2 Secondary Service State (SST)
PST Type PST Name Definition
IS-NR In Service Normal Service is provided normally.
IS-ANR In Service Abnormal Service is provided abnormally as a failure occurs.
OOS-MT Out of Service Maintenance Service is out momentarily for maintenance (for PKG only).
OOS-MA-AS Out of Service Memory
Administration Assigned
Service is not provided; but administration information is
saved.
OOS-MA-UAS Out of Service Memory
Administration Un-Assigned
Service cannot be provided because administration informa-
tion is deleted.
SST Type SST Name Definition
MEA Mismatch of Equipment and
Attribute
PKG is improperly equipped (for PKG only).
AINS Automatic In-Service Service will be in-service automatically according to PKG
equipped status (for PKG only).
EQ Equipped PKG is equipped in NE (for PKG only).
UEQ Unequipped PKG is not equipped in NE (for PKG only).
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Other Administration States
5-10
5.3 OTHER ADMINISTRATION STATES
5.3.1 Port Mode
The object holding the incoming signal supports Port Mode as specified in ITU-T G.783, and
manages the Port Mode state.
Port Mode is set to manage Line Facility (main signal interface), PDH Interface Facility (for
E12, E31 and E32), and EXT CLK (External Clock Interface). There are two Port Modes:
! AUTO
The AUTO mode inhibits MON, in order to avoid reporting the detected LOS at the
initial power-up. Once the first detected LOS is cleared, the mode is automatically
changed to MON (normal mode). The AUTO mode will also be changed to MON by
removing/re-installing an interface package and/or optical stick.
! MON
In the MON mode, a detected alarm is always reported (normal mode). This mode is also
set by removing/re-installing an interface package and/or optical stick in the AUTO
mode.
5.3.2 Mode Mismatch
The package type settings are required to register the packages shown in the table below. If
the installed package and setting do not match, this function generates an alarm.
NOTES:
1. Mode Mismatches shown above are managed as alarm states.
2. GBEM and FEH packages are supported from Release 2.1.
PKG Mode Mismatch Definition
OHC PKG MODEMIS OHCMODE (PCM coding method) set by user and
the installed package group do not match.
CHMIS CHMODE (DCC support channel number) set by
user and the installed package do not match.
PSW40B PKG MODEMIS PSWMODE (external clock support type) set by
user and the installed package group do not match.
STM1E/GBEM/FEH PKG CHMIS CHMODE (number of facilities) set by user and the
installed package group do not match.
E12 PKG MODEMIS PDHMODE (2M interface impedance) set by user
and the installed package group do not match.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Memory Backup
5-11
5.4 MEMORY BACKUP
5.4.1 Overview
U-Node WBM provides multi-memory backup of the MSCB package by using a memory
card (non-volatile memory). Restoration of data is possible in the following cases: node
failure, package replacement, and power failure. Memory card is mounted on MSCB
package; it can be mounted or dismounted from the front of the package.
5.4.2 Memory Configuration
The following illustration shows the backup configuration of U-Node WBM.
NOTE: Download/Upload function via the CID will be supported in the future.
front side
MSCB PACKAGE
MEMORY
CARD
ACT
Memory
ACT
Memory
ACT
RAM
Command
Periodic/
Command
Auto Backup
Storing Area
FROM
Backup (SUB)
Storing Area
Memory Card
Real Time
Command
Command
User Backup (USR)
Storing Area
Upload
Download
Upper OS
Data Upload/Download Function
Cold Start
Default Data (DEF)
Storing Area
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Memory Backup
5-12
The following describes Memory Areas shown in the above illustration:
! Auto Backup Area on Memory Card (Auto Backup Storing Area)
U-Node WBM uses System Administrative information for ACT (RAM). The
information is backed up into the auto backup area of the memory card in real time.
! Flash Memory on MSCB PKG (Backup Storing Area)
ACT (RAM) information is periodically backed up onto the SUB side on the MSCB
package. Backup by user operation is also available. This area is used to provide multi-
memory backup by combining this area and the backup area on the memory card.
! User Area on Memory Card (User Backup Storing Area)
When copy command is issued, ACT (RAM) information is backed up onto user area on
the memory card. The use of this backup area can be defined by the user.
! Default Information
Default information is held in MSCB package F/W program. The settings of the factory
default information cannot be modified.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Starting Up NE
5-13
5.5 STARTING UP NE
5.5.1 Hot Start
In Hot Start mode, the U-Node WBM starts up according to previously set system
administration information (customized provisioning data). Starting up in the Hot Start
mode does not change the NE setups. Hot Start can be carried out by pressing the RESET
button on the MSCB package, or by issuing a restart command by CID operation.
Hot Start should be performed in the following cases:
! After the recovery of power failure
! After PKG replacement
5.5.2 Cold Start
Cold Start is the other starting mode that starts up the equipment with the factory default
provisioning data. This mode goes in when the equipment is powered up for the first time
where no customized provisioning data has been registered, or when the maintenance
personnel starts up NE with the default administration information stored in default memory
(DEF) on purpose.
The following two methods may be used:
! Restart by issuing memory backup (the Restore command is issued to restore the default
information).
! Restart by pressing the COLD button and RESET button on MSCB package (refer to
6.2.1 Restore the Factory Default Settings in the Operation and Maintenance manual
for the precise operation).
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Inventory
5-14
5.6 INVENTORY
5.6.1 Package Inventory
Each package and optical stick stores information to identify itself as shown below. The
information can be retrieved.
5.6.2 NE Information Inventory
Network elements have TID (Target Identifier: equipment identity) and NE Address
information for remote access. The following table defines default TID and NE address.
This NE Address is used for the download function from CID to remote station; it is not the
IP Address used for network management.
ITEM DESCRIPTION
Shelf Location where the selected object is installed.
Slot Location where the selected object is installed.
PKG Package name.
ID Code NEC ID code number of the selected object.
Serial No. Serial product number of the selected object.
PKG Version Release version of the selected object.
BAR Code (not used)
CLEI Code (not used)
History Reference number (for factory use).
CPU Name CPU name of the selected object, if applicable.
Boot Boot firmware version.
Active Version of firmware that is currently running.
Primary Version of firmware stored in Primary memory.
Secondary Version of firmware stored in Secondary memory.
NE TID NE Address
ADM SWUN-ADM-DEFAULT 200.200.200.200
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-15
5.7 OBJECT AIDS
The following shows the syntax for each management objects AID (Access Identifier). The
U-Node WBM specifies these AIDs that are required to control/report objects to/from CID
and upper OS using TL1 interface.
NOTE: BAY is defined as a set of systems. For the U-Node WBM, 1 is applied to all its
objects.
5.7.1 Node
! AID Syntax: (object tag)
NOTE: Node objects are managed by the MSCB package.
5.7.2 Shelf
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID
OBJECT TAG
Node NODE
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF NOTES
WBM Shelf
SHELF

1

1

REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-16
5.7.3 Package
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot#
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT NOTES
MSCB
MSCB

1

1

1

SSCB
SSCB

1

1

2

OHC
OHC

1

1

22

SINF64(B)*
SINF64

1

1
m m (slot#) = 4 or 6
SINF16(B)
SINF16

1

1
m m (slot#) = 3 thru 6, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
SINF16
SINF16

1

1
m m (slot#) = 4, 6, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
SINFM
SINFM

1

1
m m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
STM1E
STM1E

1

1
m m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
GBEM*
GBEM

1

1
m m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
FEH*
FEH

1

1
m m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
E12
E12

1

1
m m (slot#) = 7 thru 11, 14 thru 17
E31
E31

1

1
m m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
E32
E32

1

1
m m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
PSW40B
PSW40B

1

1
m m (slot#) = 12 or 13
* These packages are supported from Release 2.1.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-17
5.7.4 CPU
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# CPU#
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT CPU# NOTES
SCBCPU
SCBCPU

1

1

1

1
MSCB
AGCPU
AGCPU

1

1

1

1
MSCB
SWBCPU
SWBCPU

1

1

2

1
SSCB:
OHCPU
OHCPU

1

1

22
c OHC
c (CPU#) = 1 thru 3
PW40BCPU
PW40BCPU

1

1
m
1
PSW40B:
m (slot#) = 12 or 13
IF64CPU
IF64CPU

1

1
m
1
SINF64(B)*:
m (slot#) = 4, 6
IFCPU
IFCPU

1

1
m
1
SINF16(B):
m (slot#) = 3 thru 6, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
IFCPU

1

1
m
1
SINF16:
m (slot#) = 4, 6, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
IFCPU

1

1
m
1
SINFM/STM1E:
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
GEMUCPU
GEMUCPU

1

1
m
1
GBEM*:
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
FEHCPU
FEHCPU

1

1
m
1
FEH*:
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
E12CPU
E12CPU

1

1
m
1
E12:
m (slot#) = 7 thru 11, 14 thru 17
E31CPU
E31CPU

1

1
m
1
E31:
m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
E32CPU
E32CPU

1

1
m
1
E32:
m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
*: These packages are supported from Release 2.1.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-18
5.7.5 Memory Card
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# card#
5.7.6 Temporary Memory
! AID Syntax: (object tag)
Memory Card TAG BAY SHELF SLOT CARD NOTES
MEMB
MEMB

1

1

1

1
MSCB package
OBJECT TAG
Temporary Memory
TMP
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-19
5.7.7 Line Facility
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# line
OBJECT
(TARGET
SIGNAL
PACKAGE)
TAG BAY SHELF SLOT LINE NOTES
STM-64*
SINF64F

1

1
m
1
m (slot#) = 4 or 6
STM-16
SINF16F

1

1
m
1
m (slot#) = 3 thru 6, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
STM-4
SINFMF

1

1
m l m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1, 5, 9, 13
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
STM-1
SINFMF

1

1
m l m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1 thru 16
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
STM-1e
STM1EF

1

1
m l m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1 thru 16
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
GBEM*
GBEMF

1

1
m l m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1 thru 4
FEH*
FEHF

1

1
m l m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1 thru 16
E12
E12F

1

1
m l m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
l (line) = 1 thru 63
E31
E31F

1

1
m l m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
l (line) = 1 thru 6
E32
E32F

1

1
m l m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
l (line) = 1 thru 6
*: These signal levels are supported from Release 2.1.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-20
5.7.8 Package Protection Switch Group
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot#
5.7.9 Line Protection Switch Group
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# line
OBJECT
(Switch Group)
TAG BAY SHELF SLOT NOTES
STM1E
STM1ES

1

1
m STM1E interface package
m (slot#) = 11, 17, 21
[slots #11 and 17 are not available
for Release prior to 1.2.]
E12
INFNS

1

1

7
E12 interface package
E31/32
INFS

1

1
m E31, E32 interface packages:
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15 or 17
PSW40B
PSWS

1

1

13
PSW40B package
OBJECT
(Switch Group)
TAG BAY SHELF SLOT LINE NOTES
Linear
LINES

1

1

6

1
SINF64 interface package
[currently not supported]
LINES

1

1
m
1
SINF16(B) interface package:
m (slot#) = 4, 6, 11, 17, 21
[slots #11 and 17 are not available
for Release prior to 1.2.]
LINES

1

1
m
1
SINF16 interface package:
m (slot#) = 6, 11, 17, 21
[slots #11 and 17 are not available
for Release prior to 1.2.]
LINES

1

1
m l SINFM interface package (OP1):
m (slot#) = 6, 11, 17, 21
l (line#) = 1 thru 16
[slots #11 and 17 are not available
for Release prior to 1.2.]
LINES

1

1
m l SINFM interface package (OP4):
m (slot#) = 6, 11, 17, 21
l (line#) = 1, 5, 9, 13
[slots #11 and 17 are not available
for Release prior to 1.2.]
2F MS-SPRing
MS2FS

1

1

6

1
SINF64(B) interface package
[supported from Release 2.1]
MS2FS

1

1
m
1
SINF16(B) interface package:
m (slot#) = 4 or 6
MS2FS

1

1

6

1
SINF16 interface package
4F MS-SPRing
MS4FS

1

1

6

1
SINF16(B) interface package
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-21
5.7.10 Synchronization
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# timing group timing line
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT T-GRP T-LINE NOTES
Timing Source
Group
SYNCG

1

1

13

1

Internal Timing
Source Group
SYN-
CISG

1

1

13

1

External Timing
Source Group
SYNC-
ESG

1

1

13
t t (timing group) = 1 or 2
Timing Source
Unit
SYNCU

1

1

13

1
l l (timing line) = 1 thru 20
Internal Timing
Source Unit
SYN-
CISU

1

1

13

1
l l (timing line) = 1 thru 20
External Timing
Source Unit
SYN-
CESU

1

1

13
t l t (timing group) = 1 or 2
l (timing line) = 1 thru 18
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-22
5.7.11 Path Facility
5.7.11.1 Higher-Order Path
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# line time slot
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT LINE T-SLOT NOTES
AU-3 Path
VC-4-1V ~ 16V
VC-4-4c
VC-4-16c
AU3

1

1
m l t GBEM*:
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1 thru 4
t (time slot) = 1 thru 48 (1, 4, 7, 10, , 46)
AU3

1

1
m l t FEH*:
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1 thru 16
t (time slot) = 1 thru 48 (1, 4, 7, 10, , 46)
AU-4 Path
VC-4
VC-4-4c
VC-4-16c
VC-4-64c
AU4

1

1
m
1
t SINF64(B)*:
m (slot#) = 4, 6
t (time slot) = 1 thru 64
AU4

1

1
m
1
t SINF16(B):
m (slot#) = 3 thru 6, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
t (time slot) = 1 thru 16
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not available
for Release prior to 1.2.]
AU4

1

1
m
1
t SINF16:
m (slot#) = 4, 6, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
t (time slot) = 1 thru 16
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not available
for Release prior to 1.2.]
AU4

1

1
m l t SINFM (OP4):
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1, 5, 9 or 13
t (time slot) = 1 thru 4
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not available
for Release prior to 1.2.]
AU4

1

1
m l
1
SINFM (OP1), STM1E:
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1 thru 16
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not available
for Release prior to 1.2.]
*: These facilities and levels are supported from Release 2.1.
: This level is not presently supported.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-23
5.7.11.2 Lower-Order Path (to/from SDH)
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# line time slot TUG3 TUG2 TU
5.7.11.3 Lower-Order Path (to/from PDH)
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# line
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT LINE T-SLOT TUG3 TUG2 TU NOTES
TU-3
Path
SDHTU

1

1

13

1
t s
1

1
t (time slot) = 1, 4, 7, 10,
, 94
s (TUG3#) = 1 thru 3
TU-12
Path
SDHTU

1

1

13

1
t s r q t (time slot) = 1, 4, 7, 10,
, 94
s (TUG3#) = 1 thru 3
r (TUG2#) = 1 thru 7
q (TU#) = 1 thru 3
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT LINE NOTES
TU-3 Path
PDHTU

1

1
m l E31/E32:
m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
l (line) = 1 thru 6
TU-12 Path
PDHTU

1

1
m l E12:
m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
l (line) = 1 thru 63
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-24
5.7.12 Path Monitor
5.7.12.1 Higher-Order Path
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# line time slot
5.7.12.2 Lower-Order Path
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# line time slot TUG3 TUG2 TU
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT LINE T-SLOT NOTES
HPMON4
VC-4
VC-4-4c
VC-4-16c
HPMON4

1

1
m
1
t SINF64(B)*:
m (slot#) = 4, 6
t (time slot) = 1 thru 64
HPMON4

1

1
m
1
t SINF16(B):
m (slot#) = 3 thru 6, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
t (time slot) = 1 thru 16
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
HPMON4

1

1
m
1
t SINF16:
m (slot#) = 4, 6, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
t (time slot) = 1 thru 16
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
HPMON4

1

1
m l t SINFM (OP4):
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1, 5, 9, 13
t (time slot) = 1 thru 4
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
HPMON4

1

1
m l
1
SINFM (OP1), STM1E:
m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
l (line) = 1 thru 16
[slots #9, 11, 15 and 17 are not avail-
able for Release prior to 1.2.]
*: SINF64(B) is not supported for Release prior to 1.2.
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT LINE T-SLOT TUG3 TUG2 TU NOTES
LPMON
TU-3
LPMON

1

1

13

1
t s
1

1
t (time slot) = 1, 4, 7, 10, , 94
s (TUG3#) = 1 thru 3
LPMON
TU12
LPMON

1

1

13

1
t s r q t (time slot) = 1, 4, 7, 10, , 94
s (TUG3#) = 1 thru 3
r (TUG2#) = 1 thru 7
q (TU#) = 1 thru 3
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-25
5.7.13 Path Termination Point
5.7.13.1 Higher-Order Path
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# line time slot
5.7.13.2 Lower-Order Path
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# line
5.7.14 External Clock Input
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# port#

OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT LINE T-SLOT NOTES
HPT3
(AU-4)
HPT

1

1

13

1
t PSW40B:
t (time slot) = 1, 4, 7, 10, , 94
HPTM3
(GBEM)*
HPTM3

1

1
m
1
t m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
t (time slot) = 1 thru 48 (1, 4, 7, 10, , 46)
HPTM3
(FEH)*
HPTM3

1

1
m
1
t m (slot#) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
t (time slot) = 1 thru 48 (1, 4, 7, 10, , 46)
*: GBEM and FEH are supported from Release 2.1.
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT LINE NOTES
LPT
(TU-3)
LPT

1

1
m l E31/E32:
m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
l (line) = 1 thru 6
LPT
(TU-12)
LPT

1

1
m l E12:
m (slot#) = 8 thru 11, 14 thru 17
l (line) = 1 thru 63
OBJECT
(TIMING REFERENCE)
TAG BAY SHELF SLOT PORT NOTES
2 MHz
EXC2MH

1

1

13
p p (port#) = 1 or 2
2 Mbit/s
EXC2MB

1

1

13
p p (port#) = 1 or 2
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-26
5.7.15 Housekeeping Alarm
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# port#
5.7.16 Housekeeping Control
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# port#
5.7.17 V11 User Channel Port
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# port#
5.7.18 Overhead Access Channel
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# port#
5.7.19 Data Communication Channel (DCC Port)
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# port#
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT PORT NOTES
Housekeeping Alarm
HKA

1

1

22
p OHC:
p (port#) = 1 thru 16
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT PORT NOTES
Housekeeping Control
HKC

1

1

22
p OHC:
p (port#) = 1 thru 8
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT PORT NOTES
V11 Port
V11PORT

1

1

22
p OHC:
p (port#) = 1 thru 6
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT PORT NOTES
OH Access
OHCH

1

1

22
p OHC:
p (port#) = 1 thru 20
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT PORT NOTES
DCC Port
Regenerator
Section
RSDCC

1

1

22
p OHC:
p (port#) = 1 thru 8
DCC Port
Multiplexer
Section
MSDCC

1

1

22
p OHC:
p (port#) = 1 thru 4
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management Object AIDs
5-27
5.7.20 Virtual Concatenation (GBEM/FEH)
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# port#
NOTE: VCT is available from Release 2.1 where GBEM/FEH interface package is supported.
5.7.21 Channel ID (GBEM/FEH)
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID slot# channel ID
NOTE: GFPCT is available from Release 2.1 where GBEM/FEH interface package is
supported.
5.7.22 Profile
! AID Syntax: object tag bay shelf ID file#
5.7.23 All
! AID Syntax: (object tag)
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT PORT NOTES
Virtual Concatenation
(VCT)
VCT

1

1
m p GBEM:
m (slot #) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
p (port#) = 1 thru 4
VCT

1

1
m p FEH:
m (slot #) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
p (port#) = 1 thru 4
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF SLOT ID NOTES
Packet Connection
(GFPCT)
GFPCT

1

1
m i GBEM:
m (slot #) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
i (ID) = 1 thru 255
GFPCT

1

1
m i FEH:
m (slot #) = 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21
i (ID) = 1 thru 255
OBJECT TAG BAY SHELF FILE NOTES
Alarm Severity Assignment Profile
ASAP

1

1
f f (file#) = 1 thru 50
Threshold Profile
THP

1

1
f f (file#) = 1 thru 50
OBJECT (AID)
all applicable objects
ALL
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Configuration Management
5-28
E
This page is intentionally left blank.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-1
6. PERFORMANCE MONITORING
This section describes Performance Monitoring, Intermediate Path Performance Monitoring
(IPPM) function, and the processes involved in Performance Monitoring.
6.1 PERFORMANCE MONITORING (PM) TYPE
PM monitor type and its count definition in U-Node WBM are described below according to
the layer.
6.1.1 Physical Layer
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions of SDH Physical Layer:
Following are the supported monitor types for each facility:
NOTE: STM64 interface is supported from Release 2.1.
PM Monitor Type Definition
OPT (Optical Power of the Transmitter) Current value of transmit level
OPR (Optical Power of the Received signal) Current value of receive level
Target Line Facility Monitor Type
STM64
NOTE
/STM16
OPT and OPR
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-2
6.1.2 Regenerator Section Layer
Following shows the PM monitor types and their definitions of SDH Regenerator Section
Layer:
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point, and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
Near-End
BBE (Near-End Background Block Error) Cumulative value of error block count. B1 is counter
value.
ES (Near-End Errored Seconds) EB (Error Block) occurrence is checked per second. If
EB occurs or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are
accumulated.
SES (Near-End Severely Errored Seconds) If EB count exceeds K times (see 6.1.15 SES Threshold)
per second or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are
accumulated.
UAS (UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of UAT (UnAvailable Time).
OFS (Out-of-Frame Seconds) OOF (Out of Frame) detection is checked per second.
If OOF is detected, seconds (time) are accumulated.
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
STM1E RS-BBE, RS-ES, RS-SES, RS-UAS, RS-OFS 1 2 1
STM64*/16/4/1 RS-BBE, RS-ES, RS-SES, RS-UAS, RS-OFS 1 2 1
*: STM64 facility is supported from Release 2.1.
NODE 2
(Regenerator)
2
NODE 1
1
NODE 3
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-3
6.1.3 Multiplex Section Layer
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions of SDH Multiplex Section Layer:
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point, and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
Near-End
BBE (Near-End Background Block Error) Cumulative value of error block count. B2 is counter
value.
ES (Near-End Errored Seconds) EB (Error Block) occurrence is checked per second. If
EB occurs or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are
accumulated.
SES (Near-End Severely Errored Seconds) If EB count exceeds K times (see 6.1.15 SES Threshold)
per second or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are
accumulated.
UAS (UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of UAT (UnAvailable Time).
Far-End
FEBBE (Far-End Background Block Error) Cumulative value of FEEB (Far-End Errored Block) indi-
cated with REI_bit count. M0 is counter value.
FEES (Far-End Errored Seconds) FEEB indicated with REI_bit or RDI detection is
checked per second. If FEEB or RDI occurs, seconds
(time) are accumulated.
FESES (Far-End Severely Errored Seconds) If FEEB indicated with REI_bit count exceeds K times
per second or RDI is detected, seconds (time) are
accumulated.
FEUAS (Far-End UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of FEUAT (Far-End UnAvailable
Time).
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
STM64*/16/4/1 MS-BBE, MS-ES, MS-SES, MS-UAS 4 3 4
STM1E MS-BBE, MS-ES, MS-SES, MS-UAS 4 3 4
Far-End
STM64*/16/4/1 MS-FEBBE, MS-FEES, MS-FESES, MS-FEUAS 4 1 2
STM1E MS-FEBBE, MS-FEES, MS-FESES, MS-FEUAS 4 1 2
*: STM64 facility is supported from Release 2.1.
NODE 2
(Regenerator)
NODE 1
4
1
NODE 3
2
3
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-4
6.1.4 E12/E31/E32 Line Layer
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions for E12/E31/E32 Line Layer:
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
Near-End
CV (Code Violation) Occurrence time of Code rule violation. BPV is
counter value.
ES (Near-End Errored Seconds) CV (Code Violation) occurrence is checked per sec-
ond. If CV occurs or Defect is detected, seconds
(time) are accumulated.
SES (Near-End Severely Errored Seconds) If CV count exceeds K times (see 6.1.15 SES Thresh-
old) per second or Defect is detected, seconds
(time) seconds accumulated.
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
E12F/E31F/E32F CV-L, ES-L, SES-L 2 1 2
U-NODE WBM
Terminated E12/E31/E32 Node
1
E12/E31/E32 Signal
2
NODE 1
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-5
6.1.5 1000BASE-X Interface (GBEM)
NOTE: This interface is available from Release 2.1 where GBEM package is supported.
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions for 1000BASE-SX/1000BASE-LX
Ethernet interfaces:
PM Monitor Type Definition
RX_BRD_OK The number of valid broadcast packets with packet sizes between 64 bytes
and the maximum when received.
RX_ERR The number of discarded erred incoming packets.
RX_INV The number of discarded invalid incoming packets.
RX_LONG The number of packets that exceed the maximum packet size when received.
RX_MLT_OK The number of valid multicast packets with packet sizes between 64 bytes
and the maximum when received.
RX_OCT The number of valid packets received in bytes.
RX_PAUSE The number of valid overflow-controlled packets received.
RX_PKT The number of valid packets received.
RX_SHORT The number of received packets under 64 bytes.
RX_UNI_OK The number of valid unicast packets with packet sizes between 64 bytes and
the maximum size when received.
TX_BRD_OK The number of valid broadcast packets transmitted.
TX_ERR The number of discarded erred packets.
TX_INV The number of discarded invalid packets.
TX_MLT_OK The number of valid multicast packets
TX_OCT_OK The number of valid packets transmitted in bytes.
TX_PAUSE The number of valid overflow-controlled packets transmitted.
TX_PKT The number of valid packets transmitted.
TX_UNI_OK The number of valid unicast packets with packet sizes between 64 bytes and
the maximum size when received.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-6
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
GBEMF TX_BRD_OK, TX_ERR, TX_INV,
TX_MLT_OK, TX_OCT_OK, TX_PAUSE,
TX_PKT, TX_UNI_OK
1 1 2
GBEMF RX_BRD_OK, RX_ERR, RX_INV,
RX_LONG, RX_MLT_OK, RX_OCT,
RX_PAUSE, RX_PKT, RX_SHORT,
RX_UNI_OK
4 3 4
NODE 1
U-NODE WBM
3 6
ROUTER
4 5
1000BASE-X
1000BASE-X
SDH OPTICAL SIGNAL
ROUTER
1
1000BASE-X
1000BASE-X
NODE 2
U-NODE WBM
2
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-7
6.1.6 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Ethernet Interface (FEH)
NOTE: This interface is available from Release 2.1 where FEH package is supported.
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions for 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX
Ethernet interface:
PM Monitor Type Definition
COLLISION The total occurrence number of collisions transmitted.
RX_BRD_OK The number of valid broadcast frames with frame sizes between 64 bytes and
the maximum when received.
RX_ERR The number of discarded erred incoming frames.
RX_INV The number of discarded invalid incoming frames.
RX_LONG The number of frames that exceed the maximum frame size when received.
RX_MLT_OK The number of valid multicast frames with frame sizes between 64 bytes and
the maximum when received.
RX_OCT The number of valid frames received in bytes.
RX_PAUSE The number of valid overflow-controlled frames received.
RX_PKT The number of valid frames received.
RX_SHORT The number of received frames under 64 bytes.
RX_UNI_OK The number of valid unicast frames with frame sizes between 64 bytes and
the maximum size when received.
TX_BRD_OK The number of valid broadcast frames transmitted.
TX_ERR The number of discarded erred frames.
TX_INV The number of discarded invalid frames.
TX_MLT_OK The number of valid multicast frames
TX_OCT_OK The number of valid frames transmitted in bytes.
TX_PAUSE The number of valid overflow-controlled frames transmitted.
TX_PKT The number of valid frames transmitted.
TX_UNI_OK The number of valid unicast frames with frame sizes between 64 bytes and
the maximum size when received.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-8
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point and monitoring span at Node 1
(U-Node WBM equipment) for each facility:
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
FEHF TX_BRD_OK, TX_ERR, TX_INV,
TX_MLT_OK, TX_OCT_OK, TX_PAUSE,
TX_PKT, TX_UNI_OK
3 1 3
FEHF COLLISION, RX_BRD_OK, RX_ERR,
RX_INV, RX_LONG, RX_MLT_OK,
RX_OCT, RX_PAUSE, RX_PKT,
RX_SHORT, RX_UNI_OK
3 4 3
NODE 1
NODE 2
U-NODE WBM
U-NODE WBM
2 3
ROUTER ROUTER
1 4
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX
SDH OPTICAL SIGNAL
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-9
6.1.7 HPTM3 Layer
NOTE: This layer is available from Release 2.1 where GBEM package is supported.
HPTM3 Layer is a higher order path termination. Following are the PM monitor types and
their definitions for HPTM3 Layer:
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
Near-End
CV (Code Violation) Occurrence time of Code rule violation. B3 is counter value.
ES (Near-End Errored Seconds) EB (Error Block) occurrence is checked per second. If EB
occurs or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are accumulated.
SES (Near-End Severely Errored Seconds) If EB count exceeds K times (see 6.1.15 SES Threshold) per
second or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are accumulated.
UAS (UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of UAT (UnAvailable Time).
Far-End
FECV (Far-End Code Violation) Occurrence time of Far-end code rule violation. Shown as
REI_bit and accumulated. G1 is counter value.
FEES (Far-End Errored Seconds) FEEB indicated with REI_bit or RDI detection is checked per
second. If FEEB or RDI occurs, seconds (time) are accumu-
lated.
FESES (Far-End Severely Errored Seconds) If FEEB indicated with REI_bit count exceeds K times per sec-
ond or RDI is detected, seconds (time) are accumulated.
FEUAS (Far-End UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of FEUAT (Far-End UnAvailable Time).
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
HPTM3 CV-P, ES-P, SES-P, UAS-P 5 4 5
Far-End
HPTM3 FECV-P, FEES-P, FESES-P, FEUAS-P 5 2 3
NODE 1
2
NODE 2
5 4 3
U-NODE WBM U-NODE WBM
ROUTER
1
ROUTER
ETHERNET
ETHERNET
ETHERNET
ETHERNET
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-10
6.1.8 VCT Layer
NOTE: This layer is available from Release 2.1 where GBEM package is supported.
VCT Layer is a VC termination layer. Following are the PM monitor types and their
definitions for VCT Layer:
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
Near-End
RX_PKT_VCT The number of received packets.
TX_PKT_VCT The number of outgoing packets.
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
VCT TX_PKT_VCT, RX_PKT_VCT 5 4 5
NODE 1
2
NODE 2
5 4 3
U-NODE WBM U-NODE WBM
ROUTER
1
ROUTER
ETHERNET
ETHERNET
ETHERNET
ETHERNET
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-11
6.1.9 HP Monitor
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions of HP monitor (Higher Order Path
Monitor):
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
Near-End
BBE (Near-End Background Block Error) Cumulative value of error block count. B3 is counter value.
ES (Near-End Errored Seconds) EB (Error Block) occurrence is checked per second. If EB occurs or
Defect is detected, seconds (time) are accumulated.
SES (Near-End Severely Errored Seconds) If EB count exceeds K times (see 6.1.15 SES Threshold) per second or
Defect is detected, seconds (time) are accumulated.
UAS (UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of UAT (UnAvailable Time).
Far-End
FEBBE (Far-End Background Block Error) Cumulative value of FEEB (Far-End Errored Block) indicated with
REI_bit. G1 is counter value.
FEES (Far-End Errored Seconds) FEEB indicated with REI_bit or RDI detection is checked per second.
If FEEB or RDI occurs, seconds (time) are accumulated.
FESES (Far-End Severely Errored Seconds) If FEEB indicated with REI_bit count exceeds K times per second or
RDI is detected, seconds (time) are accumulated.
FEUAS (Far-End UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of FEUAT (Far-End UnAvailable Time).
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
HPMON Incoming Signal BBE-P_IN, ES-P_IN, SES-P_IN, UAS-P_IN 2 1 2
HPMON Outgoing Signal BBE-P_OUT, ES-P_OUT, SES-P_OUT,
UAS-P_OUT
5 4 5
Far-End
HPMON Incoming Signal FEBBE-P_IN, FEES-P_IN, FESES-P_IN,
FEUAS-P_IN
2 4 6
HPMON Outgoing Signal FEBBE-P_OUT, FEES-P_OUT,
FESES-P_OUT, FEUAS-P_OUT
5 1 3
NODE 1
2
NODE 2
1
SDH Terminal Node
5
6 4 3
SDH Terminal Node
U-NODE WBM U-NODE WBM
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-12
6.1.10 LP Monitor
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions of LP monitor (Lower Order Path
Monitor):
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
Near-End
BBE (Near-End Background Block Error) Cumulative value of error block count. B3 or BIP2 is
monitored and counted for TU3 or TU12, respectively.
ES (Near-End Errored Seconds) EB (Error Block) occurrence is checked per second. If
EB occurs or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are
accumulated.
SES (Near-End Severely Errored Seconds) If EB count exceeds K times (see 6.1.15 SES Thresh-
old) per second or Defect is detected, seconds (time)
are accumulated.
UAS (UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of UAT (UnAvailable Time).
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
LPMON Signal BBE-P, ES-P, SES-P, UAS-P 1 4 1
NODE 1
Terminal Node Terminal Node
U-NODE WBM U-NODE WBM
NODE 2
1 4
2
3
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-13
6.1.11 HPT
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions of HPT (Higher Order Path
Termination):
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
Near-End
BBE (Near-End Background Block Error) Cumulative value of error block count. B3 is counter value.
ES (Near-End Errored Seconds) EB (Error Block) occurrence is checked per second. If EB
occurs or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are accumu-
lated.
SES (Near-End Severely Errored Seconds) If EB count exceeds K times (see 6.1.15 SES Threshold) per
second or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are accumu-
lated.
UAS (UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of UAT (UnAvailable Time).
Far-End
FEBBE (Far-End Background Block Error) Cumulative value of FEEB (Far-End Errored Block) indicated
with REI_bit. G1 is counter value.
FEES (Far-End Errored Seconds) FEEB indicated with REI_bit or RDI detection is checked per
second. If FEEB or RDI occurs, seconds (time) are accumu-
lated.
FESES (Far-End Severely Errored Seconds) If FEEB indicated with REI_bit count exceeds K times per
second or RDI is detected, seconds (time) are accumulated.
FEUAS (Far-End UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of FEUAT (Far-End UnAvailable Time).
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
HPT Signal BBE-P, ES-P, SES-P, UAS-P 1 4 1
Far-End
HPT Signal FEBBE-P, FEES-P, FESES-P, FEUAS-P 1 2 3
NODE 1
NODE 2
Terminal Node Terminal Node
U-NODE WBM U-NODE WBM
1
2 3
4
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-14
6.1.12 LPT
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions of LPT (Lower Order Path
Termination):
Following are the monitoring parameter, monitoring point and monitoring span at NODE 1
for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
Near-End
BBE (Near-End Background Block Error) SDH Cumulative value of error block count. B3 and BIP-2
are counter values for TU3 and TU12, respectively.
ES (Near-End Errored Seconds) EB (Error Block) occurrence is checked per second. If
EB occurs or Defect is detected, seconds (time) are
accumulated.
SES (Near-End Severely Errored Seconds) If EB count exceeds K times (see 6.1.15 SES Thresh-
old) per second or Defect is detected, seconds (time)
are accumulated.
UAS (UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of UAT (UnAvailable Time).
Far-End
FEBBE (Far-End Background Block Error) SDH Cumulative value of FEEB (Far-End Errored Block)
indicated with REI_bit. G1 and V5 are counter values
for TU3 and TU12, respectively.
FEES (Far-End Errored Seconds) FEEB indicated with REI_bit or RDI detection is
checked per second. If FEEB or RDI occurs, seconds
(time) are accumulated.
FESES (Far-End Severely Errored Seconds) If FEEB indicated with REI_bit count exceeds K times
per second or RDI is detected, seconds (time) are
accumulated.
FEUAS (Far-End UnAvailable Seconds) Cumulative value of FEUAT (Far-End UnAvailable
Time).
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter Monitoring Point Monitoring Span
Near-End
LPT Signal BBE-P, ES-P, SES-P, UAS-P 1 4 1
Far-End
LPT Signal FEBBE-P, FEES-P, FESES-P, FEUAS-P 1 2 3
NODE 1
NODE 2
Terminal Node Terminal Node
U-NODE WBM U-NODE WBM
1
2 3
4
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-15
6.1.13 Multiplex Section Protection
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions of Multiplex Section Protection:
Following is the monitoring parameter for each switching group:
PM Monitor Type Definition
PSC (Protection Switching Counts) The number of carried-out Line, Ring and Span
switchings.
This is applicable to Work and Protection sides
regardless of Revertive or Non-Revertive mode.
PSD (Protection Switching Duration) Time while switched to the protection side of Line,
Ring, Span protection is counted.
This is applicable to Work and Protection sides.
PSC-R (Protection Switching Counts-Ring) The number of carried-out Ring switching.
This is applicable to Work and Protection sides in
4F MS-SPRing and 2F MS-SPRing modes.
PSC-S (Protection Switching Counts-Span) The number of carried-out Span switching.
This is applicable to Work and Protection sides in
4F MS-SPRing mode.
Switching Group Monitoring Parameter
No Switch Group
Non-Protection Mode
Not Applicable.
MS4FS (4F MS-SPRing) Line 1 (West): PSD-R_W, PSD-S_W, PSC-R_W, PSC-S_W
Line 2 (East): PSD-R_E, PSD-S_E, PSC-R_E, PSC-S_E
MS2FS (2F MS-SPRing) Line 1 (West): PSD-R_W, PSC-R_W
Line 2 (East): PSD-R_E, PSC-R_E
LINES PSD, PSC
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-16
6.1.14 AU Path
Following are the PM monitor types and their definitions for AU path:
Following is the PM monitoring parameter for each facility:
PM Monitor Type Definition
PJE-N
(Pointer Justification Event Negative stuff)
A count of pointer justification event stuffed at NE
clock (negative). All the paths parameters con-
tained in line are created.
PJE-P
(Pointer Justification Event Positive stuff)
A count of pointer justification event stuffed at NE
clock (positive). All the paths parameters contained
in line are created.
Target Facility Monitoring Parameter NOTE
AUn PJE-N, PJE-P AUn
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring Performance Monitoring (PM) Type
6-17
6.1.15 SES Threshold
Facility Monitoring SES Parameters SES Threshold NOTE
STM64* RS-SES 2400
MS-SES/MS-FESES 2400
STM16 RS-SES 2400
MS-SES/MS-FESES 2400
STM4 RS-SES 2400
MS-SES/MS-FESES 2400
STM1 RS-SES 2400
MS-SES/MS-FESES 2400
STM1E RS-SES 2400
MS-SES/MS-FESES 2400
HPTM3 SES-P/FESES-P 2400 Both In/Out
HPMON4 SES-P/FESES-P 2400 Both In/Out
HPT SES-P/FESES-P 2400
LPT SES-P/FESES-P 2400 TU LEVEL = TU3
SES-P/FESES-P 600 TU LEVEL = TU12
LPMON SES-P 2400 TU LEVEL = TU3
SES-P 600 TU LEVEL = TU12
E12F SES-L 600
E31F SES-L 2400
E32F SES-L 2400
*: STM64 facility is supported from Release 2.1.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring PM Data Management
6-18
6.2 PM DATA MANAGEMENT
6.2.1 PM Data Type
PM and IPPM have the following types of registers for each monitor type (time period). The
label that manages the registers is the starting time of the accumulating period.
! 15-minute: The 15-minute register holds the accumulated value of every 15-minute
period (starting each hour at 00, 15, 30, 45 minutes).
! 1-day: The 1-day register holds the accumulated value of every 24-hour period (starting
at 00:00 (midnight) each day).
When the registers exceed the number, the oldest PM condition is overwritten with the latest
one.
6.2.2 Data Reliability
Validity information is added to each PM monitor type to validate/invalidate data. The
following table shows the validity and status.
REGISTER TYPE 15-MINUTE 1-DAY
Number of Current PM Status Conditions 1 1
Number of PM Status Condition History 32 1
Validity Status
Completed
[COMPL]
Cumulative process is completed in cumulative range under
normal status.
Partial
[PRTL]
Cumulative process cannot be completed in part of cumula-
tive range because error occurs. Asterisks (*) is indicated with
valid data when displayed.
Not Applicable
[NA]
Cumulative process cannot be completed in all cumulative
ranges because error occurs.
Not First
[NF]
Path is received normally but it is not head of concatenation
signal (for IPPM in Auto Mode).
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring TCA Function
6-19
6.3 TCA FUNCTION
U-Node WBM provides the Threshold Crossing Alert (TCA) function that issues an alert if
the value of the monitored PM type reaches or exceeds that of the specified threshold. The
values are accumulated every 15 minutes at 00, 15, 30, and 45 minutes of each hour (15Min)
or for every 24-hour at 0:00 am (1Day).
6.3.1 TCA Threshold
A TCA threshold value can be customized. If a TCA threshold value of 0 is specified to a
PM type, the TCA of that PM type will not be reported. TCA function is disabled when the
target objects service state is set to OOS-MA-AS, or its Port Mode is set to AUTO. PM
monitor types for physical layer and switching do not have TCA function.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring IPPM Management
6-20
6.4 IPPM MANAGEMENT
In the U-Node WBM, PM monitoring is carried out on layers of path points that are not
termination points. This function is supported for failure isolation and quality check.
6.4.1 Monitor Point
Registered path can be managed for its Incoming/Outgoing independently. The following
illustrations show the monitor points. Registered path supports the monitor type shown in
the 6.1 Performance Monitoring (PM) Type subsection.
6.4.1.1 Monitor Points for Higher Order Path
6.4.1.2 Monitor Points for Lower Order Path
STMn
Interface
STMn
Interface
Monitor Point
Monitor Point
Monitor Point
Monitor Point
STMn
Interface
Lower Order
Monitor Point
PSW40B
Higher Order
Crossconnect
Lower Order
Crossconnect
PDH
Interface
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring IPPM Management
6-21
6.4.2 Accumulation
There are two modes: AUTO mode and FIX mode to support the IPPM function for
registered higher order paths.
For a path set to the AUTO mode, the PM is accumulated/managed according to the
concatenation level of its incoming signal.
For a path set to the FIX mode, the PM is accumulated/managed by the specified range of the
path band.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Performance Monitoring
6-22
E
This page is intentionally left blank.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Fault Management Monitored Items
7-1
7. FAULT MANAGEMENT
U-Node WBM reports the failures occurring in the transmission line and NE.
7.1 MONITORED ITEMS
! Transmission Line Failure
! NE Failure
! Timing Reference Failure
! Protection Failure
! Network Control Failure
Refer to the 3.2 Performance Monitoring (PM) subsection in the Operation and
Maintenance manual for full items.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Fault Management Management Parameters
7-2
7.2 MANAGEMENT PARAMETERS
7.2.1 Alarm Severity
The alarm severity of each failure is indicated by the following alarm levels and classes.
Alarm classes can be modified. The severity levels can be modified by using Alarm Severity
Assignment Profile (ASAP) per condition type.
! Alarm Level
SA (Service Affecting condition)
This level shows when an alarm affecting service has occurred and continues.
NSA (Non-Service Affecting condition)
This level shows when an alarm that does not affect service has occurred and continues.
! Alarm Classifications According to Severity
! ASAP (Alarm Severity Assignment Profile)
U-Node WBM manages alarm severity of all the detected alarms in a table format. This
table is called ASAP.
Severity Description
CR Critical: service-affecting condition has occurred and immediate cor-
rective action is required, such as when a managed object becomes
totally out of service and its capability must be restored.
MJ Major: service-affecting condition has developed and immediate cor-
rective action is required, such as when there is a severe degrada-
tion in the capability of the managed object and its full capability
must be restored.
MN Minor: existence of non-service-affecting fault and corrective action
should be taken to prevent a more serious (i.e., service-affecting)
fault. This severity can be used, for example, when the detected
alarm is not currently degrading the capacity of the managed object.
NA Not Alarm: Detected alarm is not considered to be an alarm (auto-
matic report performed), such as Event Notification, etc. Alarm or
event with this severity will not be searched.
NR Not Report: Detected alarm is not considered to be an alarm (no
automatic report performed). Alarm or event with this severity will
not be searched.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Fault Management Management Parameters
7-3
7.2.2 Delay/Stretch Time
The following describes the functions of Delay and Stretch Time:
! Delay Time
Delay Time is a specific period for the process to determine if the detected failure is an
alarm to be reported.
! Stretch Time
Stretch Time is a specific period for the process to determine if the alarm has been cleared.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Fault Management Alarm Report
7-4
7.3 ALARM REPORT
When an alarm is detected, the user is notified by lighting up the LEDs on the package and
the rack, and reporting the alarm to user interface (for example, the CID). Alarm notification
is also accomplished by an Office alarm, such as the station alarm bell and lamps.
7.3.1 LED Process
The LED on the front of the package lights up when an alarm is generated/cleared to report
the alarm to the user.
7.3.2 Report to User Interface
An alarm is automatically reported to User Interface when it is generated/cleared. An alarm
report includes time information concerning when MSCB confirms alarm occurrence and
recovery. The user can set whether an automatic report is permitted or prohibited for each
user port. All alarm statuses in NEs can be read collectively.
7.3.3 Office Alarm
7.3.3.1 Office Alarm Type
The following office alarms are reported:
! Alarm output for Bell (AB)
! Alarm output for Lamp (AL)
! LED on front of MSCB
! LED on front of Rack
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Fault Management Alarm Report
7-5
7.3.3.2 Delay/Stretch Process
! Delay Time
Delay Time is a specific period for the process to determine if the detected failure is an
alarm to be reported.
! Stretch Time
Stretch Time is a specific period for the process to determine if the alarm has been cleared.
For an Office alarm, the duration of delay time and stretch time can be customized. The
following table shows delay time and stretch time defaults and ranges:
7.3.3.3 ACO Function
If you execute ACO (Alarm Cut Off) during alarm occurrence (AB/AL output), the audible
alarm (AB) is silenced; however, AB will be output if another alarm occurs later. The U-
Node WBM has an ACO lamp on the MSCB package to show the ACO status.
7.3.4 Processing Alarm Masks
! Service State and Processing Alarm
The following table shows the process of when an alarm is generated and the relationship
between an NEs managed object and its service state.
! PORT Mode
This function is used to stop alarm reporting of physical layer, and PORT mode is TP mode
available only for physical layer. The following two states are supported;
MON: In this mode, alarm reporting for physical layer will be performed.
AUTO: In this mode, alarm reporting for physical layer will not be performed.
Default is AUTO mode. PORT mode status is interlocked with facilitys service state. Refer
to the 5. Configuration Management section for details.
Delay/Stretch Default Setting Range
Delay Time 0 [second] 0 to 60 [second]
Stretch Time 20 [second] 0 to 60 [second]
Service State IS-NR IS-ANR OOS-MT OOS-MA-AS OOS-MA-UAS
NE alarm
Report
Report
*
* Unequipped state of package is not reported.
No Report
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Fault Management Offline Monitoring
7-6
E
7.4 OFFLINE MONITORING
The offline monitoring function is provided for redundant packages. When one package is
offline, it executes a self-diagnostic test to monitor package failures.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Log Function Command Log
8-1
8. LOG FUNCTION
U-Node WBM controls and manages the interface with the user according to the TL1
command format. The Network Element records a history of the AO Buffer and Command
Log. An operator can retrieve such logs in the CID to review activities on the Network
Element.
8.1 COMMAND LOG
Command Log is a history of commands issued by the operator and their response from the
Network Element. Commands that are executed are logged and failed commands are not
logged. Command Log Data can be initialized.
8.1.1 Mode of Logging
U-Node WBM can store up to 500 command logs in total. There are two modes for
Command Log. The logging mode affects the response of the logging function when the
number of logs reaches the maximum:
! HALT Mode
Logging stops when the number of logs reaches the maximum number. The network
element dispatches an alarm to notify the user.
! WRAP Mode
When the number of logs reaches the maximum, the network element overwrites the oldest
log with the next log. This mode is the default setting.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Log Function AO Buffer
8-2
E
8.2 AO BUFFER
The autonomous output (AO) Buffer is a history of messages (reported automatically) from
the network element to the CID or NMS. The AO Buffer cannot be initialized.
8.2.1 Mode of Logging
The total number of AO Buffers is 2,500 at maximum. There is only one mode for AO
Buffer logging. It is similar to WRAP mode for the Command Log: the oldest log is
overwritten with a new log after the maximum number of logs is reached.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Loopback Function
9-1
9. MAINTENANCE OPERATION
This section describes the Maintenance functions for supporting NEs, traffic, networks, and
others.
9.1 LOOPBACK FUNCTION
9.1.1 Line Loopback
Each Signal Interface package equipped on the U-Node WBM supports the following two
loopback functions for failure isolation:
! Facility Loopback
! Terminal Loopback
In addition to the functions above, the PDH interface package (E12, E31 and E32) also
supports the following loopback function:
! Remote Loopback
During loopback execution, the MNT LED on the front of the MSCB package lights up to
indicate the maintenance mode.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Loopback Function
9-2
9.1.1.1 Facility Loopback
The incoming signal from NODE A is looped back to NODE A. The AIS is inserted before
the crossconnection point, and is output to NODE B:
The facility loopback function is operated in the PDH interface package (E12, E31 and E32)
as follows:
9.1.1.2 Terminal Loopback
The signal output from NODE B goes to NODE A, and at the same time, is looped back in a
package, through the crossconnection point, then is output to NODE B:
For the PDH interface package (E12, E31 and E32), the terminal loopback function is
operated as follows:
INF
PKG
XC
INF
PKG
AIS
LOCAL NODE
NODE A NODE B
NODE A
NODE B
HOSW LOSW PDH PKG
2M/34M/45M
AIS
STMn PKG
INF
PKG
XC
INF
PKG
LOCAL NODE
NODE B NODE A
NODE A
NODE B
HOSW LOSW PDH PKG
2M/34M/45M
AIS
STMn PKG
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Loopback Function
9-3
9.1.1.3 Remote Loopback
The remote loopback function (an original NEC function known as L_Bit_LPBK) is
provided for the PDH interface package (E12, E31 and E32) only, to aid in the maintenance
or troubleshooting of transmission networks. When the remote loopback command issued
from the CID at the local station is detected in the remote Node, the received 2M/34M/45M
signal is looped back towards the originating station in the E12/E31/E32 package. When this
occurs, the MNT LEDs on the MSCB packages at both the local and remote Nodes light on,
and an AIS is output downstream by the appropriate interface (i.e., 2M, 34M or 45M) at the
remote station.
The following shows the Remote Loopback function control bit formats.
Remote Node
STMn PKG LOSW PDH PKG
2M/34M/45M
AIS
2M/34M/45M
Local Node
HOSW LOSW PDH PKG
Remote Loopback
STMn PKG HOSW
R R R R R R L
V5
R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
J (32 bytes)
140
bytes
(500 s)
VC-12 Signal
(2M)
Remote
Loopback Bit (L Bit)
R
Fixed Stuff Bit for E12 Loopback
I:
R:
V5:
Information Bit
Fixed Stuff Bit
VC-12 Path Overhead Byte
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Loopback Function
9-4

There are no ITU-T recommendations for loopback function since it is not a capability
envisaged by the recommendation draft committee; NEC designers utilize a fixed stuff bit in
the VC-12/VC-3 for the transmission of remote loopback command. Remote loopback
signal can be transmitted from the local station to the remote station through a number of
intermediate stations as long as none of the intermediate stations drops and broadcasts that
loopback channel. The following shows the terms for detecting and clearing remote
loopback signals at remote station.
! Detect: When 1010101010 pattern received
! Clear: When 1010101010 pattern not received
In addition, prohibit setting that disables the remote loopback control is also available.
R R R R R
VC-3 Signal
(34M/45M)
Remote
Loopback Bit (L Bit)
R
Fixed Stuff Bit for E31/E32 Loopback
R:
J1:
Second Byte of VC-3 POH
First Byte of VC-3 POH
B3
R R R R L R J1
R
R
R
R
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Loopback Function
9-5
9.1.2 V.11 Port Loopback
For the user channel in V.11 port supported by U-Node WBM, there are the two following
loopback modes, the same as in an interface package:
! Facility Loopback
! Terminal Loopback
During loopback execution, the MNT LED on the front of the MSCB package lights up to
indicate the maintenance mode.
9.1.2.1 Facility Loopback
The incoming signal from an external V.11 Incoming Port is looped back in the OHC
package, and the signal is output to an external interface. The all 1 signal is inserted to the
lines overhead assigned by the port.
9.1.2.2 Terminal Loopback
A signal from the external V11 port is looped back in the OHC package, assigned to the line
facilitys overhead, and is output. All 1 is inserted to the V11 port that carries the assigned
line facility.
INF
PKG
OHC
PKG
WBM SHELF
V.11 Port
Overhead Data Bus
INF
PKG
OHC
PKG
WBM SHELF
V.11 Port
Overhead Data Bus
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Automatic Laser Shutdown
9-6
9.2 AUTOMATIC LASER SHUTDOWN
U-Node WBM provides the Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS) function to prevent the
operator or maintenance personnel from any accidental eyesight damage.
9.2.1 Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS)
If the optical incoming signal is lost for a certain period of time, the Automatic Laser
Shutdown (ALS) function is enabled to stop optical output in order to prevent the operator or
maintenance personnel from any accidental eyesight damage. The ALS mode is disabled
when normal signals are received from the far-end NE. The local NE starts transmitting
signals normally.
The following illustration shows an example. The user can choose whether or not to use the
ALS function via the CID.
There are two ALS restart modes.
! Auto Restart
While in the ALS mode, NE will regularly transmit optical signals. After receiving normal
signals from the far-end NE, optical output restarts:
Optical Output Time: 2 sec (default), or 9 sec
Time Interval: 60 sec, 180 sec (default), or 300 sec
! Manual Restart
Makes an NE (SINFn package) release an optical output via the CID or upper OS, which
disables the ALS.
Optical Output Time:
Short-ON: 2 sec (default), or 9 sec
Long-ON: 90 sec
INF
PKG
LOCAL NODE
INF
PKG
LOCAL NODE
Optical Output
Shutdown
LOS Detection
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Automatic Laser Shutdown
9-7
9.2.1.1 Exception for GBEM Package
NOTE: GBEM package is supported from Release 2.1.
GBEMF facility does not have particular setups for ALS. However, to enable ALS function,
an opposing side (GBE routers in the following example) must have their ALS function
enabled.
For GBEMF facility, if the following alarm(s) is/are detected from outgoing signal (see
below), GBEM stops its optical output, which is reported as ALS on GBEMF:
! AIS-P (AU-3/4): on virtual concatenated GBEMF
! RDI-P (HPTM3): on virtual concatenated GBEMF
! L2SYNCLOSS (VCT): on virtual concatenated GBEMF
! CSF (GBEM)
Since GBEM package (or GBEMF facility) does not have ALS setups, any operations of
ALS provided by CID are not effective for this facility. When those failures are cleared,
GBEM restarts optical output.
GBEM GBEM
PSW SINF SINF PSW
GBE ROUTER GBE ROUTER
NODE A
NODE B
failure occurs
alarm detected
GBEM GBEM
PSW SINF SINF PSW
GBE ROUTER GBE ROUTER
NODE A
NODE B
failure occurs
alarm detected
Shutdown by ALS
alarm detected
Shutdown by ALS
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Automatic Laser Shutdown
9-8
9.2.2 Automatic Power Shutdown (APSD)
In order to prevent an operating/maintenance personnel from any accidental eyesight
accidents, the Automatic Power Shutdown (APSD) function is provided to stop optical
output from OPT amplifier if optical input to OPT amplifier is lost or not detected. There are
two types of OPT amplifier: Pre-Amplifier, which amplifies the Optical Input Signal, and
Booster Amplifier, which amplifies the output signal. This function is provided only on an
optical interface package with OPT amplifier (AMP) and on AMP shelf. This function is one
of U-Node WBM interior features.
Automatic Power Shutdown - Pre-AMP Input Shutdown
Automatic Power Shutdown - Booster AMP Input Shutdown
O/E
LOCAL NODE LOCAL NODE
APSD Optical
Output Shutdown
AMP
AMP E/O
O/E AMP
AMP E/O
APSD Optical
Output Shutdown
O/E
LOCAL NODE LOCAL NODE
APSD Optical
Output Shutdown
AMP
AMP E/O
O/E AMP
AMP E/O
AMP Input
Shutdown
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Automatic Laser Shutdown
9-9
9.2.3 Lower-Level Optical Output (Reflected Alarm Detection)
This function is one of U-Node WBM interior features, which is provided when AMP shelf is
installed. If a reflected alarm is detected, the optical output signal is automatically lowered,
instead of being shut down. This function is supported by a package with Booster Amplifiers
which can detect the reflected alarm. This function is also enabled when optical output
restarts when recovering from the APSD condition; a lower-level optical signal is output and
reflection is verified.
9.2.4 Forced Optical Output Shutdown
SDH optical output signal can be forcibly shut down by CID operation. During the execution
of this function, the condition is notified, and the MNT LED on front of the MSCB package
lights up.
O/E
LOCAL NODE LOCAL NODE
Lower Level
Optical Output by
detecting a
reflected alarm
AMP
AMP E/O
O/E AMP
AMP E/O
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Overhead Access
9-10
9.3 OVERHEAD ACCESS
U-Node WBM accesses the user channels on the SDH overhead. This function is provided
by SINFn and STM1E* packages with OHC package. [*: supported from Release 1.2.]
9.3.1 User Channel Access
In order to make connection, six ports of V.11 Interface in each shelf are provided.
Rate: 576 kbit/s data channel or 64 kbit/s data channel
Number of Ports: 6
Co-directional/Contra-directional Switching: user can specify this setup for each
port.
9.3.1.1 Accessible Facility
The following interfaces OH bytes can be accessed as a user channel:
SINF64(B) package: STM64 [supported from Release 2.1]
SINF16/SINF16(B) package: STM16
SINFM package: STM4, STM1
STM1E package: STM1e [supported from Release 1.2.]
9.3.1.2 Usable Overhead Byte
The following OH bytes can be accessed as a user channel:
RS Layer Overhead: E1 and F1
MS Layer Overhead: E2 and MDCH (D4 to D12)
9.3.1.3 User Channel Loopback
U-Node WBM has loopback function for the logical V.11 Port that is used as a user channel.
Terminal loopback or facility loopback is executable and the connection status can be
confirmed. You can execute the loopback function individually to each port (V.11 Port 1
Port 6). See the 9.1 Loopback Function subsection in this section for details.
! Facility Loopback: An incoming signal from V.11 port is looped back in OHC
PKG, and the signal is output to V.11 port.
! Terminal Loopback: An outgoing signal from V.11 port is looped back in OHC
PKG, and the signal is output to the line overhead again. The all 1 signal is sent
to V.11 port-side.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Overhead Access
9-11
9.3.2 DCC LAPD Access
U-Node WBM supports the LAPD access function to access MSDCC and RSDCC.
For OHC package, 4, 8, or 12 DCC_PORT termination points can be selected.
9.3.3 Overhead Through
U-Node WBM supports the Overhead Through function to an arbitrary line facilitys
overhead on SINFn and STM1E* packages. [*: available from Release 1.2.]
The following overhead bytes can be used for this function:
RS Overhead: Z0-2, Z0-3, Z0-4, E1, F1, NU-1, NU-2, NU-3, and NU-4
MS Overhead: MDCH (D4 to D12), Z1-1, Z1-2, Z1-3, Z2-1, Z2-2, Z2-3, E2,
NU-5, and NU-6
9.3.4 Orderwire Access
U-Node WBM has a digital branch function and supports the orderwire function by using E1
or E2 bytes. Up to ten lines can be connected to digital branches per shelf. Available PCM
coding method is A-Law only.
9.3.4.1 Orderwire Interface
U-Node WBM provides the following orderwire interfaces:
VF (See NOTE 1)
HEAD SET (See NOTE 2)
TEL SET (See NOTE 2)
V.11 Interface with frame pulse
NOTES:
1. VF Interface Transmission Level
Incoming Signal: 15.5 to 0 dBm
Outgoing Signal: 8.5 to 7.0 dBm
Modification is available at every 0.5-dB within the range.
2. Only one of VF interface, HEAD SET interface, or TEL (HAND) SET interface can be
selected for an access at a time. These three interfaces are analog-branched within the
OHC package.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Overhead Access
9-12
9.3.4.2 Calling
There are three methods for calling:
! All-Call
By pressing the CALL switch on the front of the OHC package, all the NEs that support
this function can communicate with the orderwire. At local node (call-receiving station),
pressing the ANS. button allows the user to talk.
! Selective-Call
At the call-origination station, connect the telephone set to the TEL SET terminal on the
OHC package, and dial the number (call ID) of the NE that you want to communicate with.
Only the dialed station is called. At the local node (call-reception station), pressing the
ANS. button allows the user to talk.
! Group-Call
At the call-origination station, connect the telephone set to the TEL SET terminal on the
OHC package, and dial the number (group call ID) of the NE that you want to
communicate with. Dialed station(s) that has (have) the same group call ID in the network
is (are) called. At the local node (call-reception station), pressing the ANS. button allows
the user to talk.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Line Switch Exercise
9-13
9.4 LINE SWITCH EXERCISE
U-Node WBM supports this function to confirm in advance if the switching operation is
properly carried out to the following protection.
! Bi-directional Linear Protection
! 2F/4F MS-SPRing Protection
This function does not affect the main signal. It is performed by sending/receiving K1/K2
command between local and remote stations.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Housekeeping
9-14
9.5 HOUSEKEEPING
U-Node WBM supports the housekeeping alarm functions and housekeeping control
functions. The Housekeeping alarm function is used to read alarms in a station and reports
alarm occurrence. The Housekeeping control function is used to control equipment, such as
the air conditioner, power generators, and alarm bells, via the CID.
9.5.1 Housekeeping Alarm
This function monitors the external alarm received at HKA interface port and sends alarm
notification.
! HKA Ports: 16 built-in ports
! Alarm Logic: HKA alarm polarity is selectable for each port
! Alarm Name Setting: External alarm name can be set for each HKA port
9.5.2 Housekeeping Control
This function is used to output control status to the corresponding HKC interface port by
issuing a command via CID.
! HKC Ports: 8 built-in ports
! Control Logic: HKC alarm polarity and duration time can be set for each
port.
! Control Name Setting: Controlling signal name can be set for each HKC port via
CID.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation Reset Function
9-15
9.6 RESET FUNCTION
This function is used to reset the CPUs.
9.6.1 How to Reset CPU
To reset a CPU, there are two methods:
! Reset a package CPU by the CID; available for MSCB, SSCB, OHC).
! Reset a package by pressing the RESET button on the front of the package
(provided on MSCB package).
9.6.2 Restart Level
! Hot Start: U-Node WBM starts according to the system administration information
specified by users (customized provisioning setups).
! Cold Start: U-Node WBM starts up with the factory default setups.
See 5.5 Starting Up NE in this manual for descriptions on these starting modes.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Maintenance Operation
9-16
E
This page is intentionally left blank.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management Type of User Account
10-1
10. SECURITY MANAGEMENT
The U-Node WBM provides a security system to prevent unauthorized users from accessing
the network element. Only users with proper accounts are authorized to access the system.
The following describes security management in the U-Node WBM system.
10.1 TYPE OF USER ACCOUNT
U-Node WBM allows the following two types of user accounts.
10.1.1 Super User
A Super User is a user with a Level 5 User Privilege Code (UPC) in System Administration.
If more than one Super User exists, a Super Users level can be changed by another Super
User. Only Super Users have the right to add and delete users, and modify attributes of other
users.
10.1.2 Normal User
A Normal User is any user who is not a Super User. Normal Users have no rights to add or
delete users, or modify attributes of other users.
10.2 USER ATTRIBUTES
There are six attributes that each user retains: User Identification, Password, User Privilege
Code Level, User Account Expiration, and Password Aging (Password Expiration). See the
following descriptions on each attribute.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-2
10.2.1 User Identification (UID)
User Identification is a unique name given to each user. Duplicated names are not allowed in
the network element. UID is specified when the user is created and cannot be modified.
A UID must be at least 6 characters long, and within 10 characters long. Valid characters that
can be used for the UID are shown in the following table.
10.2.1.1 Valid ASCII Characters for UID
NOTES:
1. UID must be between 6 to 10 characters long.
2. Any of the characters in the above table can be used for the UID. However, the
following combinations should not be used:
/*
*/
The reason for this restriction is that /* and */ are used respectively as the beginning of
comment and end of comment marks in TL1.
3. Case Sensitive
UIDs used in system administration commands are case sensitive.
Thus, uppercase and lowercase characters must be taken into account.
b3 to b0
B6 to B4 000 001 010 011 100 101 110 111
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
0000 0 0 @ P p
0001 1 ! 1 A Q a q
0010 2 2 B R b r
0011 3 # 3 C S c s
0100 4 $ 4 D T d t
0101 5 % 5 E U e u
0110 6 6 F V f v
0111 7 7 G W g w
1000 8 ( 8 H X h x
1001 9 ) 9 I Y i y
1010 A * J Z j z
1011 B + K [ k {
1100 C L l |
1101 D - = M ] m }
1110 E . N ^ n ~
1111 F / ? O _ o
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-3
10.2.2 Password (PID)
The password is a secret code for authorization to access the network element. Every user
must provide a valid password to enter the network element.
10.2.2.1 Valid Password
! Must be between 6 to 10 characters long.
! Must contain at least one uppercase character.
! Must contain at least one lowercase character.
! Must contain at least one numerical character.
! Must contain at least one special character, with the exception of #, $, @, and /.
See the following table for valid PID characters.
! Must not contain the UID.
! Must not be a previously-used password (no password toggling).
If the password chosen does not meet the requirements above, the network element will reject
registration of the new user or changing to a new password, and will prompt the user to enter
another password.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-4
10.2.2.2 Valid ASCII Characters for PID
The Characters with ** in the table are special characters.
10.2.3 User Account Expiration
User Account Expiration is the time period that the user can exist in the network element.
After the specified period elapses, the user is deleted automatically from the network
element. The specifiable period are Infinite or 1 day through 999 days.
Super Users can change the User Account Expiration for Normal Users. However, if User
Account Expiration becomes 0, it can no longer be changed. Changes must be made before
the number of days reaches 0.
User Account Expiration cannot be specified for a Super User; selection is fixed to Infinite.
b3 to b0
B6 to B4 000 001 010 011 100 101 110 111
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
0000 0 0 P ** p
0001 1 !** 1 A Q a q
0010 2 2 B R b r
0011 3 3 C S c s
0100 4 4 D T d t
0101 5 %** 5 E U e u
0110 6 6 F V f v
0111 7 7 G W g w
1000 8 (** 8 H X h x
1001 9 )** 9 I Y i y
1010 A J Z j z
1011 B +** K [** k {**
1100 C L l |**
1101 D -** =** M ]** m }**
1110 E .** N ^** n ~**
1111 F ?** O _** o
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-5
10.2.4 Password Aging
A Super User can limit the expiration of each users password by specifying Password Aging.
The specifiable period is Infinite or 1 day through 999 days. Once Password Aging is
specified, the days remaining until expiration will be indicated in Password Expiration.
10.2.5 Password Expiration
Password Expiration is an indication showing the days remaining until a users password
expires (specified in Password Aging). When the password expires, it is invalid and the user
is asked to provide a new password. A user is notified by an NE when his/her password will
expire in 7 days or less when he/she logs in to the NE.
10.2.6 User Privilege Code Level
User Privilege Code Level (UPC) is a degree of permission given to each user. Each TL1
command is set to a certain UPC level. If the user does not have the same UPC Level as the
TL1 command that the user is trying to execute, the Network Element will reject the request
and return an error. The UPC level given to each user can be modified by the Super User.
However, the UPC level for TL1 commands is fixed, therefore, not modifiable.
Reference for User Privilege Code Level (1/7)
Command Code
User Privilege Level
Category Level
ACT-CUTOVER M 4
ACT-CUTOVER-DATA M 4
ACT-USER A
ALW-ACTUSER A 5
ALW-DBCHGREPT P 3
ALW-ERRCOMREPT P 3
ALW-MEMRMV M 3
ALW-MSG-ALL M 3
ALW-PROTSTAT-ALL M 3
ALW-SECUREPT A 5
ALW-SWDX-EQPT M 3
ALW-SWTOPROTN-EQPT M 3
ALW-TCAREPT-ALL M 3
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-6
ALW-TIMRST M 3
CANC
CANC-CUTOVER M 4
CANC-USER A
CPY-BKMEM M 1
CPY-LCLTFTP-FILE M 4
CPY-LOCAL-FILE M 4
CPY-MEM M 4
CPY-RMT-DATA M 4
CPY-RMT-FILE M 4
CPY-TMP-DATA M 4
CPY-TMP-FILE M 4
DLT-CRS-FCLT P 4
DLT-EQPT P 3
DLT-FCLT P 3
DLT-IPADR P 4
DLT-PPS-FCLT P 4
DLT-SECU-USER A 5
DLT-SRTTBL P 4
DLT-TADRMAP P 4
DLT-TIPADRMAP P 4
ED-CRS-FCLT P 4
ED-EQPT P 2
ED-EXTLAN P 4
ED-FCLT P 2
ED-IPADR P 4
ED-IPINF P 4
ED-OSINF P 4
ED-OSISEL P 4
ED-RINGIDSEQ P 4
ED-SECU-PID A
ED-SECU-USER A 5
ED-SQLCH-FCLT P 4
Reference for User Privilege Code Level (Continued) (2/7)
Command Code
User Privilege Level
Category Level
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-7
ED-SRTTBL P 4
ED-TADRMAP P 4
ED-TARP P 4
ED-TCPIP P 4
ED-TIPADRMAP P 4
ED-ULSDCC P 4
ENT-CRS-FCLT P 4
ENT-EQPT P 3
ENT-FCLT P 3
ENT-IPADR P 4
ENT-PPS-FCLT P 4
ENT-SECU-USER A 5
ENT-SRTTBL P 4
ENT-TADRMAP P 4
ENT-TIPADRMAP P 4
EXIT-LOCL-RST M 4
EX-SW-EQPT M 2
INH-ACTUSER A 5
INH-DBCHGREPT P 3
INH-ERRCOMREPT P 3
INH-MEMRMV M 3
INH-MSG-ALL M 3
INH-PROTSTAT-ALL M 3
INH-SECUREPT A 5
INH-SWTOPROTN-EQPT M 3
INH-TCAREPT-ALL M 3
INIT-ATTR-PROFILE M 4
INIT-LDB M 4
INIT-LOG M 3
INIT-REG-EQPT M 3
INIT-REG-FCLT M 3
INIT-SYS M 4
INIT-TDC M 4
Reference for User Privilege Code Level (Continued) (3/7)
Command Code
User Privilege Level
Category Level
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-8
INIT-TH-PROFILE M 4
OPR-ACO-ALL M 1
OPR-EXT-CONT M 3
OPR-LEDTST M 2
OPR-LPBK-FCLT M 2
OPR-PKTTST-FCLT M
OPR-PROTNMD-EQPT M 3
OPR-PROTNMD-FCLT M 3
OPR-PROTNSW-EQPT M 3
OPR-PROTNSW-FCLT M 3
OPR-SHTDN-FCLT M 3
OPR-SYNCNSW M 3
OPR-TARP M 4
OPR-TSTACS-RX M 2
OPR-TSTACS-TX M 2
OPR-TSTACSL-RX M 2
OPR-TSTACSL-TX M 2
P-INVENTORY M 1
P-INVENTORY-MEM M 1
P-INVENTORY-OPT M 1
REPT^ALM^ENV
REPT^ALM^EQPT
REPT^ALM^FCLT
REPT^DBCHG
REPT^ERRCOM
REPT^EVT^EQPT
REPT^EVT^FCLT
REPT^PROTSTAT^EQPT
REPT^PROTSTAT^FCLT
REPT^SECU^USER
RLS-ALS-FCLT M 3
RLS-EXT-CONT M 3
RLS-LEDTST M 2
Reference for User Privilege Code Level (Continued) (4/7)
Command Code
User Privilege Level
Category Level
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-9
RLS-LPBK-FCLT M 2
RLS-PKTTST-FCLT M 2
RLS-PROTNSW-EQPT M 3
RLS-PROTNSW-FCLT M 3
RLS-SHTDN-FCLT M 3
RLS-SYNCNSW M 3
RLS-SYNCNWTR M 3
RLS-TSTACS-RX M 2
RLS-TSTACS-TX M 2
RLS-TSTACSL-RX M 2
RLS-TSTACSL-TX M 2
RMV-EQPT M 3
RST-EQPT M 3
RTRV-ALM-ALL M 1
RTRV-ALM-ENV M 1
RTRV-ALM-EQPT M 1
RTRV-ALM-FCLT M 1
RTRV-ALM-RING M 1
RTRV-ALM-SUMMARY M 1
RTRV-AO P 4
RTRV-AOINF P 1
RTRV-ATTR-CONT M 1
RTRV-ATTR-ENV M 1
RTRV-ATTR-PROFILE M 1
RTRV-COND-ALL M 1
RTRV-COND-EQPT M 1
RTRV-COND-FCLT M 1
RTRV-CRS-FCLT P 1
RTRV-CUTOVER M 1
RTRV-DATASTAT M 1
RTRV-EQPT P 1
RTRV-EXT-CONT M 1
RTRV-EXTLAN P 1
Reference for User Privilege Code Level (Continued) (5/7)
Command Code
User Privilege Level
Category Level
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-10
RTRV-FCLT P 1
RTRV-FILESTAT M 1
RTRV-HDR M 1
RTRV-IPADR P 1
RTRV-IPINF P 1
RTRV-LCPYSTAT M 1
RTRV-LDB M 4
RTRV-LED-EQPT M 1
RTRV-LOG M 1
RTRV-LOGMODE M 1
RTRV-MEMINF M 1
RTRV-MEMSTAT-EQPT M 1
RTRV-NEADR M 1
RTRV-NFTSTAT M 1
RTRV-OSINF P 1
RTRV-OSISEL P 1
RTRV-PKTSTAT-FCLT M 1
RTRV-PM-EQPT M 1
RTRV-PM-FCLT M 1
RTRV-PROTNMD-EQPT M 1
RTRV-PROTNMD-FCLT M 1
RTRV-PROTSTAT-EQPT M 1
RTRV-PROTSTAT-FCLT M 1
RTRV-PTHLVL-FCLT P 1
RTRV-RCPYSTAT M 1
RTRV-RIB M 4
RTRV-RINGIDSEQ P 1
RTRV-RTTBL M 4
RTRV-SECU-STATUS A 1
RTRV-SECU-UPC A
RTRV-SECU-USER A
RTRV-SESSION M 4
RTRV-SQLCH-FCLT P 1
Reference for User Privilege Code Level (Continued) (6/7)
Command Code
User Privilege Level
Category Level
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management User Attributes
10-11
RTRV-SRTTBL P 1
RTRV-TADRMAP P 1
RTRV-TARP P 1
RTRV-TARPADJ M 4
RTRV-TARPSEQ M 4
RTRV-TCPIP P 1
RTRV-TDC M 4
RTRV-TH-PROFILE M 1
RTRB-TIPADRMAP P 1
RTRV-TSTACS-RX M 1
RTRV-TSTACS-TX M 1
RTRV-TSTACSL-RX M 1
RTRV-TSTACSL-TX M 1
RTRV-ULSDCC P 1
SET-ATTR-CONT M 3
SET-ATTR-ENV M 3
SET-ATTR-PROFILE M 3
SET-DAT A 2
SET-LOGMODE M 3
SET-NEADR M 4
SET-SID M 4
SET-TH-PROFILE M 3
STA-LOCL-RST M 4
STP-KERMIT M 4
STP-LCPY M 4
STP-RCPY M 4
STP-TFTP M 4
SW-DX-EQPT M 3
SW-MEM M 4
SW-MEM-DATA M 4
SW-TOPROTN-EQPT M 3
Reference for User Privilege Code Level (Continued) (7/7)
Command Code
User Privilege Level
Category Level
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management Addition, Modification, and Deletion of Users
10-12
10.3 ADDITION, MODIFICATION, AND DELETION OF USERS
A Super User can add and delete other users and modify their attributes. A Normal User can
refer to a list of currently logged-in users.
10.3.1 Addition
A Super User can create (add) any user.
10.3.2 Modification
A Super User can modify attributes of any user, including other Super Users.
10.3.3 Deletion
A Super User can delete any user, including other Super Users. However, a Super User
cannot delete users who are currently logged in to the network element.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management Accessing the Network Element
10-13
10.4 ACCESSING THE NETWORK ELEMENT
10.4.1 Login
The user needs to log in to the network element to configure it. If the user attempts to log in
with an invalid UID or PID three times within 10 minutes, the Network Element will refuse
to authenticate that user for 10 minutes. After 10 minutes, the user can try to log in to the
network element again. The prohibition of authentication cannot be disabled even by the
TL1 command.
A Super User can prohibit any Normal User from logging in to the NE.
10.4.2 Logout
There are three ways to logout from the network element.
10.4.2.1 Manual Logout
The user can log out manually.
10.4.2.2 Automatic Logout
When the user is idle for 30 minutes, the network element will log the user out.
10.4.2.3 Forced Logout
If the connection between the NE and CID is disconnected, the user is forcibly logged out.
REFERENCE-2.1
DOI-N08342
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Security Management
10-14
E
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