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1.CONDUCTIVITY TEST:To perform conductivity test on the given transformer oil sample is carried out by placing the transformer oil inside a insulated beaker with two conductive electrode dipped in it. The circuit associated with electrode consist of a ac supply along with a potentiometer and a standard resistance. Since the oil is supposed to be insulator under normal working condition, thus the current absorbed from the source is nearly zero, clearly there would be no potential drop across standard resistor. And when the oil insulating feature deteriorate , it starts conducting clearly there would be a rise in potential across standard resistor. Since this potential is analog in nature, we need ADC to convert it in digital signal. And to process in microcontroller. 2.OIL TEMPERATURE SENSING:To perform oil temperature sensing we need a temperature sensor LM 35 to sense the temperature of the oil and gives its analog output potential, microcontroller sense this variation in potential by using ADC. And interpret it. Then after other controlling is done accordingly. Clearly, the output potential of the ic LM 35 is a function of temperature. 3.OIL LEVEL SENSING OF THE TRANSFORMER:To perform the oil level sensing of the transformer we made a arrangement just like in any flush tank. Here we used the buoyancy principle of floating. We provided two levels, one lower level and other the higher level. It is required that the oil must retain within these two

now. turn on the ejection pump or pump_out. Again we use ADC to covert the analog nature of input pulsating voltage into a dc numeric value. Which represent the variation of load . we know the terminal voltage of the transformer is alternating thus we use bridge rectifier to convert the ac terminal voltage into pulsating dc voltage. This ensure the proper interpretation by microcontroller. If the oil level falls below the lower level. We connected a rheostat across the secondary terminal of the transformer. Terminal voltage of transformer in loaded condition is less than the no load condition terminal voltage.OVERLOADING OF TRANSFORMER :When the transformer is loaded the terminal voltage of the transformer starts decreasing with the increase in load. 4.threshold. . unless the level of oil again lies between the two thresholds. And like wise for upper level. turn on the pump_in pump and start filling the transformer.e. when the oil level rises beyond the upper level. and we step down the terminal voltage using a PT to sense in microcontroller . I.