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# Alilio, Jan Paulo C. BSCE2-4 1. Voltmeter - is an instrument used to measure voltage.

For instance, a voltmeter can be used to see if there is more electricity left in a battery. The creation of voltmeters became possible when Hans Oersted invented the most simple voltmeter in 1819.  Parts:  Positive input terminal (usually red)  Negative input terminal (usually black)  Display, where you'll see the results of the measurement. If your meter is analog you'll have to read the results from a scale. If it's digital, the results will show up as a reading on an LCD or LED screen How to use:

Before using a voltmeter you'll have to determine whether the current you're measuring is a direct current (that flows in one direction) or an alternating current (that flows back and forth). Make sure you're using a voltmeter that's compatible with the type of current you're measuring, or that your voltmeter is set to the appropriate setting. Turn the dial to select the range of voltage you're measuring. You're now ready to use your voltmeter: 1. Attach the positive input terminal lead to the positive end of the circuit (or whatever you want to measure the voltage of). 2. Attach the negative input terminal lead to the negative end of the circuit (or whatever you want to measure the voltage of). The voltmeter will turn itself on and measure the difference between the voltage at the first point and the voltage at the second point, telling you how much voltage is traveling between the two points.

2. Ammeter - is a measuring instrument used to measure the electric current in a circuit.  Parts:

is an electrical instrument that measures electrical resistance. 3. you'll want to "scale down" rather than "scale up".  Step 3 Turn the ammeter on and set the selector to detect direct current (DC) amperage.  Step 2 Observe the inputs for an ammeter.  Step 5 Select progressively lower current ranges until you get a measurable result. . This will avoid damaging the ammeter by subjecting it to a level of current that it's not prepared to measure. If the ammeter has a selector for the range of current to display. Touch the probe from the ammeter's negative terminal (COM) to the positive terminal of the light bulb. However. The output is commonly marked "COM" for common ground. A simple ammeter may only be able to detect amperage but a multimeter can detect various electrical quantities and will need to be "told" which quantity to measure. the positive terminal of the battery is connected to the positive terminal of the light bulb with the other lead. Similarly. Ohmmeter . How to use:  Step 1 Examine the structure of a simple circuit. If your ammeter has this option. a commercial multimeter should have a specific input for measuring current (typically marked "A" for amperage. select the highest available setting. the opposition to an electric current. The negative terminal of the battery is connected to the negative terminal of the light bulb with a lead.  Step 4 Disconnect the positive lead from the light bulb and touch the probe from the ammeter's input (A) to the positive lead from the battery. The simplest possible circuit may be shown with a battery and light bulb. A very basic ammeter might have one input and one output.