You are on page 1of 2

Forming the compound perfect indicative The compound perfect is formed with the auxiliaries am, ai, a, am, a!

i, au and the past participle of the actual verb: The past participle is formed by replacing the suffix of the infinitive with the suffix of the participle. Phonetic mutations may occur at the end of the stem:

1 conjugation verbs in -a


a cânta – cântat; a lucra work – lucrat; a pleca leave – plecat a ap"rea appear – ap"rut; a t"cea keep quiet – t"cut; a vedea see – v"zut a începe start – început; a cere ask, require – cerut; a trece pass, go by – trecut a aduce bring – adus; a în!elege understand – în!eles; a merge walk – mers; a scrie write – scris a rupe tear apart – rupt; a fierbe boil – fiert a dormi sleep – dormit; a fugi run – fugit; a ie#i get out – ie#it a coborî climb down – coborât; a hot"rî decide – hot"rât; a urî hate – urât

2 conjugation verbs in -ea 3 conjugation verbs in -e 3 conjugation verbs in -e
rd rd




3 conjugation verbs in -e 4 conjugation verbs in -i 4 conjugation verbs in -î
th th


-t -it


- the past participle of the verbs ending in -a, -ea, -i and -î is formed with the corresponding suffixes -at, -ut, -it and -ât, replacing the suffix of the infinitive - the past participle of the verbs ending in -e can take one of the suffixes: -ut, -s, -t. There are no formal criteria to establish what suffix to use to form the past participle of these verbs: a crede believe – crezut, but a râde laugh – râs; a în!elege understand – în!eles, but a sparge break – spart - before the suffixes -s or -t, the final consonant of the stem is dropped: a spune tell – spus, a sparge break – spart. Exception: a rupe tear apart – rupt.

Verbe neregulate

A fi A avea A bea A vrea A "ti

-> -> -> -> ->

fost avut b!ut vrut "tiut

The compound perfect indicaitve is used to show a past action considered completed at the moment of speaking. This is the tense used most frequently to express a completed past action. In general, it corresponds to the English past tense indefinite but, since Romanian has no present perfect and does not formally express the opposition between simple and continuous, the Romanian compound perfect can also correspond to the English present perfect or present perfect continuous: Numai ce-am v"zut-o pe Andreea! I have just seen Andreea. Nu am v"zut-o pe Andreea de doi ani. I haven‘t seen Andreea for 2 years. . Am lucrat mult s"pt"mâna asta. I have been working a lot this week.