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# Traction (engineering) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traction_(engineering)

Traction (engineering)

Traction refers to the maximum frictional force that can be produced between surfaces without slipping.
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The units of traction are those of force, or if expressed as a coefficient of traction (as with coefficient of friction) a ratio.

Contents
1 Traction 2 Coefficient of traction 2.1 Factors affecting tractive coefficient 2.2 Traction coefficient in engineering design 3 See also 4 References

Traction
Traction is defined as: ..a physical process in which a tangential force is transmitted across an interface between two bodies through dry friction or an intervening fluid film resulting in motion, stoppage or the transmission of power[3] (Copyright: "Mechanical Wear Fundamentals and Testing" by Raymond
George Bayer)

The traction produced by a vehicle if expressed as a force is synonymous with tractive effort, or tractive force, and closely related to the term drawbar pull.

Coefficient of traction
The coefficient of traction is defined as the usable force for traction divided by the weight on the running gear (wheels, tracks etc.)[4][5] i.e.: Usable Traction = coefficient of Traction x Weight As the coefficient of traction refers to two surfaces which are not slipping relative to one another it is the same as Coefficient of static friction, also known as limiting friction.

Factors affecting tractive coefficient

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Other designs dramatically increase surface area to provide more traction than wheels can. macrotexture and microtexture) Normal force pressing contact surfaces together. A 65 ton M1A1 would sink to the point of high centering if it used round tires.wikipedia. Current traction control systems do not work on untreated ice. the free encyclopedia http://en. wheeled military vehicles. for example in continuous track and half-track vehicles. high traction between wheel and ground is more desirable than low traction. The tracks spread the 65 tons over a much larger area of contact than wheels would and allow the tank to travel over much softer land. Increasing traction by use of a TPCS also reduces tire wear and ride vibration.000 km. Choices in material selection may have a dramatic effect. when driving on soft and/or slippery ground has been found to improve significantly by use of Tire Pressure Control Systems (TPCS). For example. See also Anti-lock braking system Friction Force (physics) Rail adhesion Road slipperiness Weight transfer 2 of 3 7/16/2013 9:47 AM . For example: tires used for track racing cars may have a life of 200 km. A TPCS makes it possible to reduce and later restore the tire pressure during continuous vehicle operation. A layer of water in the contact patch can cause a substantial loss of traction. there is a complicated set of trade-offs in choosing materials. in which rear-wheel traction is purposely lost during high speed cornering. agricultural tractors. Relative motion of tractive surfaces .Traction (engineering) . soft rubbers often provide better traction but also wear faster and have higher losses when flexed—thus reducing efficiency. Contaminants at the material boundary including lubricants and adhesives. while those used on heavy trucks may have a life approaching 100. In some applications.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Traction_(engineering) Traction between two surfaces depends on several factors including: Material composition of each surface.e. This is one reason for grooves and siping of automotive tires. The traction of trucks. Macroscopic and microscopic shape (texture.g. as it allows for more energetic acceleration (including cornering and braking) without wheel slippage. Traction coefficient in engineering design In the design of wheeled or tracked vehicles.causing loss of traction. Traction also varies with contaminants. One notable exception is in the motorsport technique of drifting. A tank or similar tracked vehicle uses tracks to reduce the pressure on the areas of contact. a wheel on gritted ice when in motion may displace the grit and melt the ice .[6] There seems to be some confusion in this statement about tracked vehicles and traction. etc. The truck tires have less traction and also thicker rubber.