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BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION I. Explain the term Bernoulli’s process. (What is meant by Binomial distribution?

Give some practical conditions in which binomial distribution are applicable.). Give three examples. A random experiment, which has a finite number of trials and each trial has only two possible outcomes that is: the outcome has a particular attribute A or does not have the attribute A. Having the attribute A is called success. If probability P of getting success from trial to trial remains constant and the trials are statistically independent then such an experiment is termed as Bernoulli’s process. The distribution resulting from such a process is called Binomial distribution. Eg: Tossing a coin Casting a die Death due to occupational disease


Mention a few characteristics of Binomial distribution a. It is discrete theoretical distribution which gives the theoretical probabilities. b. It depends on the parameter p which is the probability of success of the event and n the number of trials. ‘n’ is always a finite positive integer. c. The density function is ncx p q
x n-x

= P(x), SD = √

d. The mean is np and the Variance is npq e. The mode of the Binomial distribution is equal to that value of x which has the largest frequency f. It can be represented graphically g. The Binomial coefficients can be obtained from Pascal’s Triangle h. The Binomial distribution tends to Poisson’s when n →∞ , p →0 and np is finite It tends to normal when p=q= 1/2 and n is sufficiently large


What are the conditions under which Binomial distribution holds good? a. The variable x should be discrete b. A dichotomy should exist in the event that is the event must be of two alternatives, a success or a failure. c. The number of trials should be finite and not very large d. The trials must be statistically independent e. The trials must be repeated under the same conditions

Probability of occurrence of the event should not be very small. Hence p. whether a die is loaded or not. The trials must be repeated under the same conditions f. Hence we can compare the observed and expected frequencies.q and n of the Binomial Distribution can be calculated. This will help to test certain hypothesis. It is P(x) = ncx px qn-x From this distribution for various values of x we can find the expected frequencies. Using them the density function of the Binomial Distribution can be written. whether a disease is the result of the same occupation or not. Explain briefly the fitting of Binomial Distribution. The number of details should be finite and small. For example we can test whether a coin is biased or not. Write down the expression for its mean and variance. The variable should be discrete b. d. The trials must be statistically independent e.f. What are the uses (importance) of Binomial distribution? On the basis of the given data the mean and variance can be calculated. VII. What are the conditions for applying Binomial Distribution? a. The happening of events must have two alternatives that is success or a failure. The probability of occurrence of the event should not be small Describe Binomial distribution. . c. VI. IV. Poisson and Normal distribution are limiting cases of Binomial distribution. V.