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William Davis Ltd

Proposed Housing Scheme, Shelford Road, Radcliffe-on-Trent

Noise and Vibration Assessment December 2012

Executive Park, Avalon Way, Anstey, Leicester, LE7 7GR Tel: +44 (0)116 234 8000 Email: nigel.mann@wyg.com

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Document Control
Project: Client: Job Number: File Origin: Proposed Residential Development, Shelford Road, Radcliffe-on-Trent William Davis Ltd A079137 O:\Acoustics Air Quality and Noise\Active Projects\A079137

Document Checking:

Prepared by:

Graham Davis

Consultant

Signed:

Contributor:

Nathan Joe Allen

Graduate Environmental Scientist

Signed:

Verified by:

Nigel Mann

Associate Environmental Scientist

Signed:

Issue 1 2 3 4

Date 03rd December 2012

Status First Issue

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Contents Page
1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 Introduction.................................................................................................................................1 Assessment Criteria......................................................................................................................2 Assessment Methodology .............................................................................................................5 Site Survey ..................................................................................................................................9 Assessment of Key Effects ..........................................................................................................12 Conclusions ...............................................................................................................................17

Appendix Contents
Appendix A – Acoustic Terminology and Abbreviations Appendix B – Sketches

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Noise Assessment Report

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Purpose of this Report

This report presents the findings of a noise and vibration assessment for a proposed residential development, on Shelford Road, Radcliffe-on-Trent. A description of the existing noise environment in and around the site is provided. Noise surveys have been undertaken and the results used to verify predictions of the short-term and long-term effects of noise. The noise levels from the proposed development have been predicted at local representative receptors using CADNA noise modelling software which incorporates ISO 9613 and CRTN methodologies and calculations. A list of acoustic terminology and abbreviations used in this report is provided in Appendix A and a set of location plans and noise contour plots relevant to the assessment are presented in Appendix B.

1.2

Legislative Context (England)

PPG24 was replaced by NPPF on 27 March 2012. With regard to noise and planning NPPF contains the following 4 short statements (section 123):

A. Avoid noise from giving rise to significant adverse impacts on health and quality of life as a result of new development; B. Mitigate and reduce to a minimum other adverse impacts on health and quality of life arising from noise from new development, including through the use of conditions; C. Recognise that development will often create some noise and existing businesses wanting to develop in continuance of their business should not have unreasonable restrictions put on them because of changes in nearby land uses since they were established; and D. Identify and protect areas of tranquillity which have remained relatively undisturbed by noise and are prized for their recreational and amenity value for this reason. Vibration is not specifically considered in the National Planning Policy Framework. However, it is considered that the relevant standards remain for guidance on human exposure to vibration in BS 6472:2008 and for buildings in BS 7385-2:1993.

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2.0 Assessment Criteria
2.1 Internal Noise Assessment Criteria
The criteria in BS 8233:1999 ‘Sound insulation and noise reduction for buildings – code of practice’ has been chosen as a suitable method for determining an adequate level of noise control to ensure that noise levels within existing properties, as a result of the proposed development, meet the following noise guideline values specified in the standard:

Good Living rooms Bedrooms Gardens LAeq = LAeq = LAeq = 30 30 50

Reasonable 40 dB 35 dB, 55 dB LAmax, night-time = 45 dB

BS 8233:1999 suggests that a typical façade, regardless of construction, will offer a maximum of 15 dB sound insulation when windows are open. For the purposes of this assessment, the maximum external noise level from the source under consideration will be 45 dB(A) during the daytime, and 45 dB(A) during the night-time to ensure a maximum daytime LAeq of 30 dB, and a maximum night-time LAeq of 30 dB within habitable rooms are achieved.

These levels are also comparable to the World Health Organisation Recommendations in their ‘Guidelines for Community Noise’ (1999) publication which states that outdoor levels of 45 dB LAeq,T for open windows at night or internal levels of 30 dB LAeq,T are guideline values to prevent sleep disturbance. Similarly

outdoor levels of 60 dB LAmax for open windows at night or internal levels of 45 dB LAmax are also maximum guideline values to prevent sleep disturbance.

2.2

Vibration Assessment Criteria

There are two applicable British Standards to describe vibration which are: BS 6472-2:2008, “Guide to Evaluation of Human Exposure to Vibrations in Buildings (1 Hz to 80 Hz)” and BS 7385-2:1993 “Evaluation and Measurement for Vibration in Buildings” Parts 1 (1990) and 2 (1993). 2.2.1 Building Damage

BS 7385-2:1993 Evaluation and Measurement for Vibration in Buildings provides guidance on acceptable values of transient vibration for avoidance of cosmetic damage to buildings as follows.

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Table 2.1

Transient Vibration Guide Values for Cosmetic Damage
Peak Component Particle Velocity in frequency range of predominant pulse Type of Building 4 Hz to 15 Hz 15 Hz and above 20 mm/s at 15 Hz increasing to 50 mm/s at 50 Hz and above

Residential of Light Commercial Type Buildings

15 mm/s at 4 Hz increasing to 20 mm/s at 15 Hz

Table 2.1 above shows the limits for transient vibration, above which cosmetic damage could occur. Minor damage is possible at vibration magnitudes which are greater than twice those given above and major damage to a building structure may occur at values greater than four times the tabulated values. PPV values of below 15 mm/s are unlikely to results in any damage to buildings. Damage is classified into the following categories: Table 2.2
Damage

Damage Classification
Description The formation of hairline cracks2 on drywall surfaces, or the growth of existing cracks in plaster or drywall surfaces; in addition, the formation of hairline cracks in mortar joints of brick/concrete block construction. The formation of large cracks or loosening and falling of plaster or drywall surfaces, or cracks through bricks/concrete blocks. Damage to structural elements of the building, cracks in support columns, loosening of joints, splaying of masonry cracks, etc

Cosmetic

Minor Major

2.2.2

Human Exposure

BS 6472-2:2008 Guide to evaluation of human exposure to vibrations in buildings provides general guidance on human exposure to building vibration in the range of 1 Hz to 80 Hz and includes curves of equal annoyance for humans. It also outlines the measurement methodology to be employed.

It introduces the concept of Vibration Dose Value (VDV) and estimated Vibration Dose Value (eVDV) for the basis of assessment of the severity of impulsive and intermittent vibration levels, such as would be caused by a series of trains passing a given location. Human reaction to vibration depends on displacement, frequency, the duration (exposure time), point of application and direction of the vibration. It appears that the effect of vibration on the people within a building will be far more serious than the effect on the building itself. The units in which VDV and eVDV are measured are metres per second raised to the power of minus 1.75 (or ms-1.75). The Standard gives recommended vibration dose values above which various degrees of adverse comment may be expected in residential buildings, with a daily 16 hour VDV of 0.2 to 0.4 ms-1.75 likely to give low probability of adverse comment as shown in the following table.
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Table 2.3

VDV and Various Degrees of Adverse Comment in Residential Buildings
Location Low probability of adverse comment 0.2 to 0.4 ms-1.75 0.1 to 0.2 ms-1.75 Adverse comment possible 0.4 to 0.8 ms-1.75 0.2 to 0.4 ms-1.75 Adverse comment probable 0.8 to 1.6 ms-1.75 0.4 to 0.8 ms-1.75

Residential Buildings (16 hour DAY 07.00 – 23.00) Residential Buildings (8 hour NIGHT 23.00 – 07.00)

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3.0 Assessment Methodology
3.1 Noise Modelling Methodology

Three dimensional noise modelling has been undertaken based on the monitoring data to predict LAeq and LAmax noise levels at a large number of locations both horizontally and vertically. CADNA noise modelling software has been used (as shown in Figure 3.1). This model is based on the Department of Transport Calculation of Road Traffic Noise (CRTN) and ISO 9613 noise propagation methodology and allows for detailed prediction of noise levels to be undertaken for large numbers of receptor points and different noise emission scenarios both horizontally and vertically. Figure 3.1 CADNA Noise Model

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The modelling software calculates noise levels based on the emission parameters and spatial settings that are entered. Input data, assumptions and model settings as given in the table below have been used. Table 3.1 Modelling Parameters Sources and Assumptions
Parameter Horizontal distances – around site Ground levels – around site Ground levels – other areas Source Ordnance Survey Ordnance Survey Site Observations and Ordnance Survey WYGE WYGE WYGE Observations Ordnance Survey Ordnance Survey OS 1:25,000 contours and OS 1:10,000 spot heights. Traffic flows for local roads based on WYGE observations and experience. Traffic flows for local roads based on WYGE observations and experience. 8 m height for two storey residential properties, and 4 m for Bungalows All existing barriers at 1.0 m with the exception of hedges and trees which are assumed to offer no noise protection. 1 m from façade, height of 1.5 m for ground floor, 4 m for first floor properties with ground floor or bungalow dormer windows. 7 m for dormer windows on two storey properties. 1.5 m height for model grid and monitoring locations for validation. First order reflections have been applied based on mirror image sources Frequency dependant ground absorption has been applied based on values specified in VDI 2714/16 clause 6.3. Façade corrections have been incorporated into the modelling Gradient for each road has been calculated from the height information using the ‘calc slope of roads’ tool Details

Traffic data, main surrounding roads Traffic data – local roads Building heights – around site

Barrier heights

WYGE Observations

Receptor positions

WYGE

Reflections

WYGE

Absorbent Ground

CADNA

Façade Correction

CADNA

Gradient

CADNA

It is acknowledged that a number of these assumptions will affect the overall noise levels presented in this report. However it should be noted that certain assumptions made, as identified above, are worst case.

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3.2
3.2.1

Model Input Data
Traffic Noise Data

All roads expected to make a significant contribution, have been included within this assessment. Noise emissions from existing traffic flows have been derived from verification of the measured noise levels, along with observations made during the site survey and/or WYG Environment (WYGE) experience of similar road systems. Estimates of the vehicle speeds have been made based upon the speed restrictions currently in force in the area. 3.2.2 Model Verification

The model was verified by modelling the monitoring locations for the ‘existing’ scenario. A daytime and night time LAeq and night time LAmax scenario has been verified. The comparison between the monitoring and modelling results are shown in the tables below. Table 3.2 Modelled vs. Monitored Results LAeq; daytime
Location LT1 LT2 LT3 Monitored LAeq 64.6 60.9 48.7
07:00 – 23:00

Modelled LAeq 64.6 60.9 47.2

Difference between Monitored and Modelled Results 0.0 0.0 -1.5

All values are sound pressure levels in dB re: 2x 10-5 Pa

Table 3.3 Modelled vs. Monitored Results LAeq; night-time
Location LT1 LT2 LT3 Monitored LAeq 54.6 53.1 42.0

23:00– 07:00

Modelled LAeq 54.6 53.1 39.6

Difference between Monitored and Modelled Results 0.0 0.0 -2.4

All values are sound pressure levels in dB re: 2x 10-5 Pa

Table 3.4 Modelled vs. Monitored Results LAmax; night-time
Location LT1 LT2 LT3 Monitored LAmax 86.0 91.2 75.1

23:00– 07:00

Modelled LAmax 85.5 91.3 74.4

Difference between Monitored and Modelled Results -0.5 0.1 -0.7

All values are sound pressure levels in dB re: 2x 10-5 Pa

The verification points show a divergence between monitored and modelled results of no more than 3 dB. (15 minute night-time measurement), all models are assumed to be suitably verified.

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3.2.3

Sensitive Receptors

Existing noise levels have been assessed at properties to the north, centre and south of the site with respect to direct noise from the existing ambient noise climate surrounding the site. An indicative site layout showing the locations of the proposed receptors is shown of SK02 of Appendix B. Table 3.5 Residential Receptor Locations
Ref. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 Description Property to the north of site (western façade) Property to the north of site (western façade) Property to the north west of site (western façade) Property to the north west of site (northern façade) Property to the north west of site (western façade) Property to the west of site (northern façade) Property to the west of site (western façade) Property to the west of site (western façade) Property to the south west of site (western façade) Property to south west of site (southern façade) Property to southern of site (southern façade) Property to the south east of the site (southern façade) Property to the south east of site (eastern façade) Property to the east of site (eastern façade) Property to the east of site (eastern façade) Property to the east of site (eastern façade) Property to the east of site (eastern façade) Property to the north east of site (eastern façade) Property to the north east of site (northern façade) Closest Source Shelford Road Shelford Road Shelford Road Shelford Road Shelford Road Shelford Road Clumber Drive Clumber Drive Clumber Drive Clumber Drive Railway Railway Railway Railway Railway Shelford Road Shelford Road Shelford Road Shelford Road Approximate Distance To Source (m) 20.13 17.19 23.19 79.40 151.23 199.03 44.33 46.98 45.70 51.65 50.30 28.69 67.78 168.90 256.88 354.90 276.47 149.90 49.24 Height (m) 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0

Table 3.6 Garden Receptor Locations
Ref. G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8 G9 Description X Plot to north of site Plot to north west of site Plot to north of site Plot to north centre of site Plot to centre of site Plot to west of site Plot to east of site Plot to south west of site Plot to south west of site 465529.5 465415.0 465647.8 465649.7 465621.9 465495.7 465789.7 465629.4 465565.2 Co-ordinates Y 340262.2 340140.2 340094.8 340044.3 339994.9 339906.2 339910.3 339752.4 339745.5 Height (m) 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

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4.0 Site Survey
4.1
4.1.1

Noise Survey
Noise Survey Methodology

A monitoring survey was undertaken to characterise baseline ambient noise levels currently experienced on the site and to establish the relative local background and traffic noise levels. Equipment used during the survey included:
B&K 2260 B&K 4231 Rion NL-32 Rion NL-52 Rion NL-52 Norsonic 1251 Environmental Noise Analyser (WYG1) Calibrator Environmental Noise Analyser (WYG12) Environmental Noise Analyser (WYG13) Environmental Noise Analyser (WYG14) Sound Calibrator s/n s/n s/n s/n s/n s/n 2361273 2176211 213442 620858 610212 31043

The measurement equipment was checked against the appropriate calibrator at the beginning and end of the measurements, in accordance with recommended practice and no drift was observed. The accuracy of the calibrators can be traced to National Physical Laboratory Standards, calibration certificates for which are available on request. A baseline monitoring survey was undertaken at 7 locations (as specified in the following table and shown in SK01 of Appendix B) from Friday 19th October 2012 to Tuesday 23rd October 2012. Attended short term measurements were undertaken at four locations during the day, evening, peak and night-time periods with three additional locations being measured unattended over a 90 hour period. The raw data collected from the long term monitoring is available upon request. Measurements were taken in general accordance with BS 7445-1:2003 The Description and Measurement

of Environmental Noise: Guide to quantities and procedures. Weather conditions during the survey period
were observed as being dry with scattered showers. Anemometer readings confirmed that wind speeds were less than 5 ms-1 at all times during the survey. Table 4.1
Ref LT1 LT2 LT3 ST1 ST2 ST3 ST4

Noise Monitoring Locations
Description North eastern corner of site South eastern corner of the Site North western site boundary, to south west of Shelford Road Farm. Pavement of Shelford road, south of the Crown Cottages Corner outside 125 Shelford Road Corner of Haddon way / Clumber drive Pavement outside 37 Hudson Way Grid Reference X 465550.91 465741.29 465457.12 465545.28 465334.70 465441.79 465815.05 Y 340355.96 339713.83 340004.34 340368.95 340133.21 339812.49 339639.62

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4.1.2

Noise Survey Results

Existing ambient noise levels around the site are dominated by traffic on Shelford Road to the north of the site, and the Nottingham to Skegness railway line to the south of the site. Ambient and background noise levels are usually described using the LAeq index (a form of energy average) and the LA90 index (i.e. the level exceeded for 90% of the measurement period) respectively. Road traffic noise is generally described using the LA10 index (i.e. the level exceeded for 10% of the measurement period). The results of the statistical measurements and frequency measurements conducted during the survey are summarised in the following table. All values are sound pressure levels in dB (re: 2 x 10-5 Pa). Table 4.2
Period Day 07:00 - 23:00 Night 23:00 – 07:00 Day 07:00 - 23:00 Night 23:00 – 07:00 Day 07:00 - 23:00 Night 23:00 – 07:00

Results of Baseline Noise Monitoring Survey (Average Levels)
Duration (T) 77 hours Monitoring Date and Times 18/10/2012 - 23/10/2012 07:00 - 23:00 LT1 40 hours 18/10/2012 - 23/10/2012 23:00 - 07:00 18/10/2012 - 23/10/2012 07:00 - 23:00 LT2 40 hours 18/10/2012 - 23/10/2012 23:00 - 07:00 18/10/2012 - 23/10/2012 07:00 - 23:00 LT3 40 hours 15 Mins 18/10/2012 - 23/10/2012 23:00 - 07:00 22/10/2012 11:09 22/10/2012 11:30 22/10/2012 12:21 22/10/2012 13:11 22/10/2012 19:35 22/10/2012 21:34 22/10/2012 21:13 22/10/2012 20:22 22/10/2012 23:00 22/10/2012 23:18 22/10/2012 23:35 22/10/2012 23:56 ST1 ST2 ST3 ST4 ST1 ST2 ST3 ST4 ST1 ST2 ST3 ST4 41.4 69.8 47.5 51.0 50.9 67.0 60.1 36.7 47.8 62.1 57.8 41.6 42.5 75.1 88.7 60.6 73.9 71.2 85.5 82.1 52.5 69.6 87.7 80.6 68.6 65.4 23.2 37.5 36.0 37.3 42.4 30.3 29.5 29.5 33.1 24.2 28.5 28.6 25.8 41.9 73.7 50.9 50.5 51.1 67.8 59.0 39.0 49.1 45.3 54.1 38.5 45.3 35.2 42.8 40.4 40.2 45.7 33.8 33.1 32.5 39.3 25.7 31.5 31.5 33.3 53.1 91.2 40.7 49.4 46.1 54.6 87.8 22.0 45.0 34.4 Location LAeq,T (dB) 64.6 LAmax,T (dB) 96.5 LAmin,T (dB) 25.1 LA10,T (dB) 66.3 LA90,T (dB) 43.6

77 hours

60.9

100.1

41.5

52.4

48.8

77 hours

48.7

89.4

27.4

47.7

42.1

Day 07:00 - 19:00

15 Mins 15 Mins 15 Mins 15 Mins

Evening 19:00 - 23:00

15 Mins 15 Mins 15 Mins 15 Mins

Night 23:00 - 07:00

15 Mins 15 Mins 15 Mins

All values are sound pressure levels in dB re: 2x 10-5 Pa

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4.2

Vibration Survey

Existing vibration levels around the site are dominated by rail traffic using the Nottingham to Skegness railway line to south of the site. 4.2.1 Vibration Survey Methodology

Measurements were obtained using a Vibrock Digital Seismograph Type V901 fitted with a ground vibration transducer in continuity with a ground spike. The instrument measured Resultant, Displacement, Acceleration and Peak Particle Velocity (PPV) at a scanning duration of 30 seconds. Attended measurements were used to determine background levels and individual train passing events. The vibration measurements were carried out at the following locations which are shown on SK01 of Appendix B. Table 4.3
Ref. V1 V2

Vibration Monitoring Locations
Grid Reference X Adjacent to railway line to the south west of the site Adjacent to railway line to the south east of the site 465691.79 465817.24 Y 339672.85 339708.31

Description

4.2.2

Vibration Survey Results

The following table shows the maximum Resultant, Displacement, Acceleration and Peak Particle Velocity (PPV) measured at each monitoring location during normal conditions (background) and train passing events. Table 4.4 Vibration Measurement Results
Location V1 - Background V1 – Train Passing 1 V1 – Train Passing 2 V1 – Train Passing 3 V1 – Train Passing 4 V2 – Background V2 – Train Passing 1 V2 – Train Passing 2 V2 – Train Passing 3 V2 – Train Passing 4 Max Resultant (mm/s) 0.200 0.225 0.550 0.225 0.225 0.200 0.200 0.250 0.200 0.225 Max Displacement (mm) 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.001 Max Acceleration (g) 0.17 0.17 0.36 0.27 0.20 0.17 0.17 0.30 0.22 0.27 Max PPV (mm/s) 0.175 0.200 0.225 0.200 0.200 0.175 0.200 0.250 0.300 0.250

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5.0 Assessment of Key Effects
5.1 Noise Intrusion Assessment

Internal noise levels within potential dwellings have been assessed both with windows open, where a reduction from a partially open window of 15 dB has been used, and with windows closed where an assumption of glazing with specification Rw 30 dB (e.g 6/12/6mm double glazing or equivalent) has been used. The results presented in tables 5.1 – 5.3 below show the predicted noise intrusion levels at properties to the north, centre and south of the site. The recommended WHO/BS 8233 internal noise levels are

generally met across the site during the daytime and night-time, assuming a windows-closed scenario. In order to achieve the recommended internal noise criteria, a range of mitigation measures are outlined in Section 5.3 of this report; SK06 in Appendix B shows the glazing and ventilation requirements for bedrooms and living rooms of the proposed development. Table 5.1 Daytime Noise Intrusion Levels LAeq 16 hour
Location R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 External LAeq at 1m from facade 57.6 57.4 55.2 48.8 40.9 39.2 37.4 37.8 41.0 47.9 52.8 55.6 50.9 47.9 46.4 46.1 45.4 48.8 55.2
-5

Internal LAeq with windows open 42.6 42.4 40.2 33.8 25.9 24.2 22.4 22.8 26.0 32.9 37.8 40.6 35.9 32.9 31.4 31.1 30.4 33.8 40.2

Internal LAeq with windows closed 27.6 27.4 25.2 18.8 10.9 9.2 7.4 7.8 11.0 17.9 22.8 25.6 20.9 17.9 16.4 16.1 15.4 18.8 25.2

Criteria Internal LAeq 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40 30 - 40

All values are sound pressure levels in dB re: 2x 10 Pa.

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Table 5.2 Night-time Noise Intrusion Levels LAeq 8 hour
Location R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 External LAeq at 1m from facade 50.2 50.6 48.5 42.1 35.2 33.0 37.0 35.4 36.6 44.5 47.9 50.7 44.2 40.9 39.4 39.1 38.6 41.5 46.7 Internal LAeq with windows open 35.2 35.6 33.5 27.1 20.2 18.0 22.0 20.4 21.6 29.5 32.9 35.7 29.2 25.9 24.4 24.1 23.6 26.5 31.7 Internal LAeq with windows closed 20.2 20.6 18.5 12.1 5.2 3.0 7.0 5.4 6.6 14.5 17.9 20.7 14.2 10.9 9.4 9.1 8.6 11.5 16.7 Criteria Internal LAeq 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30

All values are sound pressure levels in dB re: 2x 10-5 Pa.

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Table 5.3 Night-time Noise Intrusion Levels LAmax
Location R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 External LAmax at 1m from facade 81.1 81.6 79.5 72.9 66.3 63.6 63.4 64.0 69.5 77.9 83.5 86.7 71.9 66.7 66.0 67.2 67.7 71.5 77.5 Internal LAmax with windows open 66.1 66.6 64.5 57.9 51.3 48.6 48.4 49.0 54.5 62.9 68.5 71.7 56.9 51.7 51.0 52.2 52.7 56.5 62.5 Internal LAmax with windows closed 51.1 51.6 49.5 42.9 36.3 33.6 33.4 34.0 39.5 47.9 53.5 56.7 41.9 36.7 36.0 37.2 37.7 41.5 47.5 Criteria Internal LAmax 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45

All values are sound pressure levels in dB re: 2x 10-5 Pa.

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5.1.1

Garden Noise Levels

Daytime noise levels in gardens and private external spaces of the proposed development have been assessed in the table below. The location of the garden receptor locations are shown on SK03 in Appendix B. Table 5.4 Garden Noise Levels LAeq,16hr
Ref G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8 G9 All values are sound pressure levels in dB re: 2x 10 Pa.
-5

External LAeq,16hr Daytime 51.5 48.8 43.3 39.5 40.5 42.5 47.6 51.0 49.5

BS 8233 Upper Limit Criteria LAeq 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0

The results in the table above show that daytime LAeq noise levels within gardens are predicted to be within the BS 8233 upper limit (55 dB).

5.2
5.2.1

Vibration Assessment
Potential Building Damage

The following table shows the maximum Peak Particle Velocity measured at the site for comparison with the BS 7385 criteria. Table 5.5 Vibration Assessment – Building Damage
Location Foundations of Proposed Dwellings Average Resultant (mm/s) 0.263 Max Resultant (mm/s) 0.550 Damage Criteria 15.0 Within Criteria Yes

The results in the table above show that the peak particle velocity (PPV) measured at a location representative of the foundations of the proposed development is typically 2.0 mm/s and up to a maximum of 3 mm/s. This is a positive indication that there is unlikely to be any building damage associated with vibration from the adjacent highway.

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5.2.2

Human Response

The following table shows the calculated estimated vibration dose value (eVDV) for comparison with the BS 6472 criteria. Table 5.6 Vibration Assessment – Human Response
Location Foundations of Proposed Dwellings eVDV (ms-1.75) 0.18

The results in the table above show that the eVDV measured at a location representative of the foundations of the proposed development is 0.18 ms-1.75. This indicates that there is a ‘low probability of adverse comment’ is possible when compared to the BS 6472 criteria. However, the predicted eVDV is close to the ‘adverse comment possible criteria’ but it should be noted that no damping effects of the building and associated foundations/earthworks have been incorporated into these calculations, thus making them worst case.

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6.0 Noise Mitigation
6.1 Glazing and Ventilation Strategy
The ventilation strategy provided in SK06 has been designed to achieve internal daytime LAeq of 35 dB, an internal night-time LAeq of 30 dB and an internal night-time LAmax of 45 dB in habitable rooms of the proposed development. It also highlights which areas would (in the absence of any alternative mitigation such as noise barriers) require enhanced glazing, or an alternative means of ventilation in order to meet both ventilation and internal ambient noise criteria. Alternative ventilation can be provided in several ways from acoustic trickle vents (which need to have a minimum sound reduction equal to or greater than the glazing), other passive ventilation systems or mechanical ventilations systems. It is recommended that any potential dwellings to the north of the site, within approximately 60 metres of Shelford Road, and to the south of the site, within approximately 100 metres of the railway line be taken into account in the site layout and design process. To reduce the impact of noise, enhanced glazing, the favourable orientation of dwellings, suitably located windows and gardens and effective internal layouts should be considered.

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7.0 Conclusions
Noise and Vibration surveys have been undertaken in connection with the proposed new housing development on Shelford Road, Radcliffe-on-Trent.

Noise
NPPF 123 A & B
In considering the NPPF test in section 123, points A & B. The proposed development is not expected to have an ‘adverse impact’ on health or quality of life. Similarly, with regard to NPPF (123) point B, it is considered that all ‘adverse impacts on health and quality of life’ (relating to noise) are mitigated by the use of appropriate mitigation.

NPPF 123 C & D
Given that nearby the site is surrounded by similarly residential properties to the north, west and the south, it is not considered that any existing businesses wanting to develop would be particularly restricted by the introduction of the new sensitive use of the proposed development. The development is situated in a CPRE Zone 4 area of tranquillity (Zone 1 being the least tranquil and Zone 10 being the most tranquil), as such is not considered to be an area of Tranquillity.

Glazing and Ventilation Strategy
The recommended WHO/BS 8233 internal noise levels are generally met across the site during the daytime and night-time, assuming a windows-closed scenario. A glazing and ventilation strategy has been provided which achieves both ventilation and internal ambient noise level requirements of LAeq daytime 35 dB, LAeq nighttime

of 30 dB and LAmax

night-time

of 45 dB in all residential bedroom and living spaces of the proposed Standard double

development. The suggested glazing specifications are understood to be achievable.

glazing is sufficient across the majority of the site in order to achieve the target internal noise levels when windows. Dwellings within approximately 60 metres of Shelford Road to the north, and 100 metres of the railway to the south would require enhanced glazing in order to meet internal target noise levels. All Garden receptors are below BS 8233 Upper Limit Criteria levels for LAeq.

Vibration
An assessment of vibration levels has shown that maximum peak particle velocity (PPV) measured at a location representative of the foundations of the proposed development is 0.550 mm/s. This is a positive indication that there is unlikely to be any building damage associated with vibration from the existing use of the adjacent railway. Calculated eVDV levels at this location are 0.18 ms-1.75 indicating that there is a low risk of adverse comment.

William Davis Ltd Proposed Residential Development

18

A079137 December 2012

Noise Assessment Report

Appendices

William Davis Ltd Proposed Residential Development

A079137 December 2012

Noise Assessment Report

Appendix A – Acoustic Terminology and Abbreviations
Acoustic Terminology dB Sound levels from any source can be measured in frequency bands in order to provide detailed information about the spectral content of the noise, i.e. whether it is high-pitched, low-pitched, or with no distinct tonal character. These measurements are usually undertaken in octave or third octave frequency bands. If these values are summed logarithmically, a single dB figure is obtained. This is usually not very helpful as it simply describes the total amount of acoustic energy measured and does not take any account of the ear’s ability to hear certain frequencies more readily than others. Instead, the dBA figure is used, as this is found to relate better to the loudness of the sound heard. The dBA figure is obtained by subtracting an appropriate correction, which represents the variation in the ear’s ability to hear different frequencies, from the individual octave or third octave band values, before summing them logarithmically. As a result the single dBA value provides a good representation of how loud a sound is. Since almost all sounds vary or fluctuate with time it is helpful, instead of having an instantaneous value to describe the noise event, to have an average of the total acoustic energy experienced over its duration. The LAeq, 07:00 – 23:00 for example, describes the equivalent continuous noise level over the 12 hour period between 7 am and 11 pm. During this time period the LpA at any particular time is likely to have been either greater or lower that the LAeq, 07:00 – 23:00. The LAmin is the quietest instantaneous noise level. This is usually the quietest 125 milliseconds measured during any given period of time. The LAmax is the loudest instantaneous noise level. This is usually the loudest 125 milliseconds measured during any given period of time. Another method of describing, with a single value, a noise level which varies over a given time period is, instead of considering the average amount of acoustic energy, to consider the length of time for which a particular noise level is exceeded. If a level of x dBA is exceeded for say 6 minutes within one hour, then that level can be described as being exceeded for 10% of the total measurement period. This is denoted as the LA10, 1 hr = x dB. The LA10 index is often used in the description of road traffic noise, whilst the LA90, the noise level exceeded for 90% of the measurement period, is the usual descriptor for underlying background noise. LA1 and LAmax are common descriptors of construction noise.

dB(A)

LAeq

LAmin

LAmax

Ln

Rw

The weighted sound reduction index determined using the above measurement procedure, but weighted in accordance with the procedures set down in BS EN ISO 717-1. Partitioning and building board manufacturers commonly use this index to describe the inherent sound insulation performance of their products.

William Davis Ltd Proposed Residential Development

A079137 December 2012

Noise Assessment Report

Abbreviations CADNA – Computer Aided Noise Abatement DMRB – Design Manual for Roads and Bridges HGV – Heavy Goods Vehicle PPG24 – Planning Policy Guidance UDP – Unitary Development Plan UKAS – United Kingdom Accreditation Service WYGE – WYG Environment

William Davis Ltd Proposed Residential Development

A079137 December 2012

Noise Assessment Report

Appendix B – Sketches
SK01 SK02 SK03 SK04 SK05 Noise Monitoring Locations Indicative Site Layout and Receptor Locations Daytime LAeq,16hr Night-time LAeq,8hr Glazing and Ventilation Strategy

William Davis Ltd Proposed Residential Development

A079137 December 2012

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A079137
Drawing Title / Scenario:

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Noise and Vibration Monitoring Locations
Drawing Number:

SK01
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LT 1

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WYGE Leicester 03.12.12
This map is based upon Ordnance Survey material reproduced by WYG on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, © Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown copyright and may lead to civil proceedings.

ST4

Licence Number AL 553611

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Executive Park Avalon Way Anstey Leicestershire LE7 7GR Tel 0116 234 8000

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A079137
Drawing Title / Scenario:

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Proposed Layout & Receptor Locations
Drawing Number:

SK02
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Sh el fo rd

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Key:
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Site Boundary:

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WYGE Leicester 03.12.12
This map is based upon Ordnance Survey material reproduced by WYG on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, © Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown copyright and may lead to civil proceedings.

Licence Number AL 553611

339600

339550

A5 2
339500 339500

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Executive Park Avalon Way Anstey Leicestershire LE7 7GR Tel 0116 234 8000

© WYG Environment 465350 465400 465450 465500 465550 465600 465650 465700 465750 465800 465850 465900

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William Davis Ltd
340550 340550

Project:

Shelford Road, Radcliffe
340500 340500

Project Number:

A079137
Drawing Title / Scenario:

340450

340450

Existing Daytime LAeq,16hr Noise Levels
Drawing Number:

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Key: 0.0 - 55.0 dB 55.0 - 63.0 dB 63.0 - 72.0 dB 72.0 - 90.0 dB

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WYGE Leicester 03.12.12
This map is based upon Ordnance Survey material reproduced by WYG on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, © Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown copyright and may lead to civil proceedings.

Licence Number AL 553611

339600

339550

339550

339600

Executive Park Avalon Way Anstey Leicestershire LE7 7GR Tel 0116 234 8000

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© WYG Environment 465350 465400 465450 465500 465550 465600 465650 465700 465750 465800 465850 465900

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William Davis Ltd
340550 340550

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Shelford Road, Radcliffe
340500 340500

Project Number:

A079137
Drawing Title / Scenario:

340450

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Existing Night LAeq,16hr Noise Levels
Drawing Number:

SK04
340400 340400 340350

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Key: 0.0 - 45 dB 45.0 - 57.0 dB 57.0 - 66.0 dB 66.0 - 90.0 dB

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WYGE Leicester 03.12.12
This map is based upon Ordnance Survey material reproduced by WYG on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, © Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown copyright and may lead to civil proceedings.

Licence Number AL 553611

339600

339550

339550

339600

Executive Park Avalon Way Anstey Leicestershire LE7 7GR Tel 0116 234 8000

339500

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© WYG Environment 465350 465400 465450 465500 465550 465600 465650 465700 465750 465800 465850 465900

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Client:

William Davis Ltd
340550 340550

Project:

Shelford Road, Radcliffe
340500 340500

Project Number:

A079137
Drawing Title / Scenario:

340450

340450

Glazing and Ventilation Strategy
Drawing Number:

SK05
340400

Ro ad

340400

Key:

Sh el fo rd

Site Boundary:
340350

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Alternative Ventilation Required:
340300 340300

Enhanced Glazing and Alternative Ventilation Required:
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e

WYGE Leicester 03.12.12
339650 339650
This map is based upon Ordnance Survey material reproduced by WYG on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, © Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown copyright and may lead to civil proceedings.

Licence Number AL 553611

339600

339550

A5 2
339500 339500

339550

339600

Executive Park Avalon Way Anstey Leicestershire LE7 7GR Tel 0116 234 8000

© WYG Environment 465350 465400 465450 465500 465550 465600 465650 465700 465750 465800 465850 465900