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PASSIVE VOICE

REFRESH YOUR KNOWLEDGE Choose the appropriate verb or! to i"" i# the tab"e $so!e spa%es i# the tab"e &i"" sta' b"a#( or those te#ses &here passive is #ot %o!!o#)* were made will have made have made will make will have been made had made will have been making are being made Present Simple Present Continuous Past Simple Past Continuous Present Perfect Simple Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Continuous Future Simple Future Continuous Future Perfect Simple Future Perfect Continuous «going to» future Infinitive
Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive

have been making make to be made will be made are going to be made will be making had been making were making Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women The best cakes Slavonian women are The best cakes are

are going to make are making had been made have been made made to make are made were being made the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia.

I* Cir%"e the %orre%t a#s&er* 1. er i!ea took / was taken for grante!. ". The win! has broken / has been broken their glass !oor. #. Italian speaks / is spoken in Swit$erlan!. %. is book is reading / is being read at the moment in the high societ& circles.

....... ... 1h& can3t &ou tell / be told me the truth4 15.............................. .. The& ma!e him pa& back all the mone&..................... 15.. ................. The garage mechanic is repairing the car now... 1ere &ou tol! to show &our luggage4 ........... (a )inci had painted / had been painted *ona +isa before some of his other famous paintings.... :ur conversation is being recor!e! b& the police.. .... Their brother has employed / has been employed for si6 &ears. 11. %..................a(e the o""o&i#.... #.. ........ 1hat have &ou !one to make them feel better4 . e knocked down / was knocked down b& a bike &ester!a&...'....................... -nna .............................. She is a hair9!resser8 so she has had her new hair-style done / has done her new hairstyle...... "......... 1e are going to be given the han!outs b& the lecturer....................... 1/................. -* .................... 1e are so prou! of him.........a(e these se#te#%es passive* 1...........famous !irector has !onate! one million !ollars for the victims of tsunami.... er house ruined / was ruined in the fire....arenina was writing / was written b& Tolsto&......... ...... #.............................. :ur son had his bike repaired / repaired his bike.... se#te#%es a%tive* 1.... 1......................................... 1'... 12.............. 0. e gave / was given a present to her.... II* +ra#s or!atio#s A* ... 2........ .. I !i!n7t go to the post office... I will have built my house / will have my house built..... The& ha! planne! the itinerar& long before the& went on their trip............... ..... ........................... .... 1".............. I !on7t know an&thing about buil!ing... /..................... '....... "5.... 2..................... /................................... The cake will have been taken out of the oven b& lunch time............ . The& will have complete! most of the work b& the time the presi!ent arrives... 1#........... ......................... The& will !eliver the newspapers earl& in the morning..... 1e are going to leave / be left alone b& our teachers if we change our attitu!e.............................. "........ The fire !estro&e! all the files........ 10.. 0............................... ........ The pri$e will give / will be given to her b& the presi!ent................. People believe! for a long time that the =arth was the centre of the >niverse............................. She gave / was given this present for her we!!ing anniversar&... *& bike runs / is run ver& fast....... ...... The& were still buil!ing the hotel when there was an earth<uake..................................... %........ 1%..... ........................ I had all the letters sent by my secretary / had sent all the letters...................................... -lthough she is a professional cook8 she has all her cakes made / makes all the cakes...

.............. III* 1.. The essa&s are to be han!e! in at the en! of the week....................... #....... .................. /.................... 0........... ..... BcreateC b&4 2.... The towels aren3t washe! ever& !a& b& the hotel staff..................... ......................... ............. 15. .......... 11. .................. P0t the verbs i# bra%(ets i#to the appropriate passive or!* The conference was over after the final conclusions ................ ........................... e was believe! to have been kille! b& the terrorists............................. Eane is not here................................... BsupportC b& ver& powerful people !uring his last campaign.......... ...... If the television set ha! been repaire! properl&8 it woul!n3t have broken !own again.............................. The !ocument must have been erase!....... /.............................................. Someone ought to have reporte! it to the principal.............. The bri!e3s aunt is going to prepare all the foo! for the we!!ing reception..................... ..... I have !eci!e! it................................ .... The wor! ?Croatian@ shoul! be written with a capital letter...... She .................................. C* .................... The stu!ents have not &et use! the new laborator&........ BtellC the whole stor&....................................... It is such an interesting posterD 1ho ............................... ......... 1hat3s going on in &our house4 .............. %............. That3s wh& I can3t Au!ge them..............a(e the a%tive se#te#%es passive a#/ the passive o#es a%tive* 1.................. 0............... ............... ................ BknockC !own in the heav& storm &ester!a&........................... The ol! oak tree .............. #.. I .................. ............ 0......... ................................................ e must ................ ....... BmakeC4 The report ......................... .................. The& .......................... 2................ "............................................ :ur flight has Aust been announce!....... The !rinks were being serve! b& a han!some barten!er.............................................. 15... . Several stu!ents ha! been punishe! b& that teacher before the parents were warne! about the problem b& the authorities.. . . +ook at this beautiful laceD 1here ........................... :pals are mine! for in -ustralia............... /..... ... %................. it .. BprepareC well for the final e6am ne6t week... I ............................ BhumiliateC in public for more than two hours before the police finall& arrive!... 15.............. it ....... Boccup&C b& some part& goers4 '....................... it ......................... '......... is &oung assistant was counting the leaflets.................................................. Their apartment is being re!ecorate! b& a famous interior !esigner....... BtakeC to hospital........................ Fish fingers !on3t have to be !efroste! before the& are frie!...... '... "..... B!rawC......... BgiveC ne6t Satur!a&.... 2..........

... I woul! like to bu& that house... a &ee( a............ . ... 1ales / ... I a"&a's ........ ............... Yo0 sho0"/ ..... 2. 10........ 1%a0sative have2 or 1......... Sorr&8 I can7t talk to &ou now.. P0t the verbs i# bra%(ets i#to the appropriate a%tive or passive or!* So!e #e.................. Bgo onC for centuries8 taking tens of thousan!s of whales a &ear... 1/........................ 15....... Gecause females 1# .. I have forgotten to !o it8 but I promise8 it ......... This coat can3t ......... She loves . I . The number of the whales that 1" ...................... BproveC to have a high intelligence8 ' ............. '.... 1ho ..............5 &ears ago.......atives &i"" be re50ire/* . BtakeC to a restaurant.. BslaughterC was so high that man& whale populations were incapable of recovering. BkillC on a large scale........ ...... (i! &ou prepare all the papers before &ou met him4 Yes4 I ......... BwashC in a washing machine..o.. 1#.... -re &ou sure that &our theor& is going to work4 Getter ask for evaluation..... .............................. Fou can7t see so well........... BfinishC before the en! of the month..... 1'.......... II* CAUSA+IVE HAVE $GE+) Fi#ish the se%o#/ se#te#%e 0si#.. BinAureC in a car acci!ent8 she never wante! to !rive again.................. .................1"..... /............ We .............et2* 1.... 1h& were the painters in her home the whole !a& &ester!a&4 She ........ ".. . ...... ................ BkillC b& whalers.... #.............. Four nails look so goo!.... 0.... BbearC in two &ears8 whales coul! not pro!uce enough &oung to replace the numbers that 1' ......... B!irectC b&4 1%. Commercial whale hunting8 which ........ III* Wha"es 1hales 1 ........... BuseC for making women3s clothing8 umbrellas an! other things. BkillC.... 1haling 2 ........ BallowC whalers to hunt faster whales an! to carr& on their hunts throughout the worl!3s oceans... I . =ven in the &ears to come8 thousan!s of these marine mammals8 which % ................... BhuntC an! # ......... .................The Titanic ........ %........... Yo03/ better ......... . I can7t make a suit8 so I have !eci!e! to fin! a goo! tailor........ B!oC in a minute.. Technolog& 15 ..................... This proAect has got ............................ B!ecreaseC man& whale populations.......... BhuntC so that people coul! use the whale fat for oil in lamps an! to make can!les an! soap...... ave &ou visite! the beaut& parlour4 I ..................................... .......... The waiters are serving !inner.............lot of paintings ................ 1h& are &ou still me!!ling with this greas& engine4 Yo0 %o0"/ .... Hew technologies an! the high !eman! for whale pro!ucts 11 .............. ........ The plates from baleen whales 0 . 1......... BstartC in 1/55s8 was a ver& big business until about . Bbree!C until the& are mature Bover ten &ears of ageC8 an! onl& one little whale 1% ... For a long time whales " ................................ BbeC an important part of people3s lives for thousan!s of &ears......... *& law&er will make all the arrangements........ *& mechanic is ver& skilful8 I !on7t have to !o a thing m&self................. BstealC last summer8 but luckil& the& have all been foun!...........

.......... The ol! pine tree that stoo! at the en! of our gar!en was fallen !uring the last storm..... BbecomeC almost e6tinct8 the whalers reali$e! that some sort of resource management 10 ..crate of me!ical supplies were still being loa!e! into the truck when the !river turne! the engine on.. Bcan continueC....... IV* So!e o the o""o&i#. The probabilit& of picking the wrong !oor in the initial stage of the game is "J#. .. se#te#%es are %orre%t a#/ so!e have !ista(es i# the!* +i%( the %orre%t o#es a#/ %orre%t the o#es &ith !ista(es* 1... Fou !on3t have to leave a tip because the service inclu!es in the bill. The probabilit& of winning b& using the switching techni<ue is "J# while the o!!s of winning b& not switching is 1J#. -re the o!!s of winning increase! through switching4 The intuition of most stu!ents tells them that each of the !oors8 the ones that 7 ________ not chosen an! the ones that were 8 ________8 are e<uall& likel& to contain the pri$e so that there is a '59'5 chance of winning with either selection.. BhuntC8 but8 hopefull&8 because of the pressure from concerne! people the& "' .... Thus the strong intuition8 which most stu!ents have in this case8 cannot 15 ________ con<uere! so easil&.....1hen some whale populations 1..... Bforbi!C almost ever&where in the worl!... Bconsi!erC to be threatene! or en!angere!.. 1..a(e a Dea" PRE+E7KO 8 NE.. The other two !oors containe! gag gifts like a chicken or a !onke&...... BforceC to reconsi!er their actions an! stop killing these magnificent creatures.... B!ecreaseC in such a large number that the& 1/ ... 1.. This8 however8 is not the case.. In spite of the international ban8 man& whale populations "" .. ... This para!o6 3 ________ relate! to a popular television show in the 12/57s... There are still some countries in which whales "% .. .. IV* Rea/ the te6t be"o& a#/ %o!p"ete ea%h ...... The secretar& entere! the room silentl& an! han!e! the note to the chairman.. If the contestant picks the wrong !oor initiall&8 the remaining empt& !oor must 10 ________ reveale! b& the host in the secon! stage of the game.. 0.. Thus8 if the contestant switches after picking the wrong !oor initiall&8 the pri$e 11 ________ be won.. In the show8 a contestant was 4 ________ a choice of three !oors one of which containe! a pri$e. Too much attention has alrea!& being !evote! to this problem..ENO I<LAGAN:E -s a motivating e6ample behin! the !iscussion of probabilit&8 a theor& has O been !evelope! which allows the +et7s *ake a (eal Para!o6 to 1________ investigate! 2 ________ stu!ents.....OGU9E SLI:EDI+I SLO.... The <uestion is 9 shoul! the chosen !oor 6 ________ switche!... the International Convention for the Iegulation of 1haling 12 . The probabilit& of winning b& switching is 12 ________ to the probabilit& of picking the wrong !oor in the initial stage which is clearl& "J#.. She kept turning because she ha! a feeling that the& were been followe!.. To!a&8 commercial whaling "1 .........ap &ith o#e s0itab"e &or/* Let3s .. #.. (espite this para!o6 13 ________ clearl& e6plaine!8 the problem is rarel& 14 ________ b& most stu!ents... The e6periments in this fiel! have 16 ________ use! b& scientists to investigate a ran!om phenomena. The& were !riving ver& slowl& because the fog was thickene!. This was 9 ________ e6plaine! to stu!ents as follows..... -ll our crops are being ruine! with the heav& rains. 1.. Bnee!C... In 12%. -fter an initial !oor ha! 5 ________ chosen b& the contestant8 the host of the show then reveale! an empt& !oor among the two unchosen !oors8 an! aske! the contestant if he or she woul! like to switch to the other unchosen !oor.. The original purpose of the Convention was to set the rules to help increase whale populations so that the whaling in!ustr& "5 ........... BrecoverC an! "# ...... ". Bintro!uceC... /.

in Slavonia. the best cakes. e can3t talk at the meeting to!a& because he is having fi6e! his teeth. the best cakes. the best cakes. I wish &ou ha! ha! &our suit cleane! after the part&. in Slavonia. ". in Slavonia. the best cakes. the best cakes.2. in Slavonia.. 1%. . was taken has broken is spoken is being rea! ha! painte! was written Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Slavonian women make The best cakes are made Slavonian women are making The best cakes are being made Slavonian women made The best cakes were made Slavonian women were making The best cakes were being made Slavonian women have made The best cakes have been made Slavonian women have been making The best cakes xxxxx Slavonian women had made The best cakes had been made Slavonian women had been making The best cakes xxxxx Slavonian women will make The best cakes will be made Slavonian women will be making The best cakes xxxxx Slavonian women will have made The best cakes will have been made Slavonian women will have been making The best cakes xxxxx Slavonian women are going to make The best cakes are going to be made Slavonian women are to make The best cakes are to be made the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. the best cakes. in Slavonia. in Slavonia. She went outsi!e to collect the clothes that ha! been !rie! on the line. '. %. the best cakes. . She remembere! having being taken to the circus b& her aunt8 who was alwa&s gla! to spen! some time with the ki!s. in Slavonia. 1'. in Slavonia. in Slavonia. She was running for her life an! !i!n3t notice that her nice blouse got caught in the bramble an! rippe!. the best cakes. 11. e ha! been ma!e tell them ever&thing about the conspirac& before the plotters ha! an& chance to continue with their plans. 1#. The hotel was reporte! to have been completel& !estro&e! b& the fire. 1". in Slavonia. Sorr&8 this stain can3t be remove! so easil&. the best cakes. in Slavonia. #. in Slavonia. the best cakes. in Slavonia. the best cakes. the best cakes. 15. KEY= REFRESH YOUR KNOWLEDGE Present Simple Present Continuous Past Simple Past Continuous Present Perfect Simple Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Continuous Future Simple Future Continuous Future Perfect Simple Future Perfect Continuous «going to» future Infinitive I* 1.

/. *ost of the work will have been complete! b& the time the presi!ent arrives. The itinerar& ha! been planne! long before the& went on their trip. The car is being repaire! b& the garage mechanic now. . The lecturer is going to give us the han!outs. C 1. . be left 2.han!some barten!er was serving the !rinks. has !one her new hair9st&le 12. %.. 0. 0. 15. Fou shoul! write the wor! ?Croatian@ with a capital letter. 2. . (i! the& tell &ou to show &our luggage4 The police is recor!ing our conversation. The hotel was still being built when there was an earth<uake. #./. III* . '. ". ". The newspapers will be !elivere! earl& in the morning. 1e are to han! in the essa&s at the en! of the week.famous interior !esigner is re!ecorating their apartment. The hotel staff !on3t wash the towels ever& !a&. gave 1". tell 15. The new laborator& has not &et been use! b& the stu!ents. . 1hat has been !one to make them feel better4 0. #.. 15. /. . The leaflets were being counte! b& his &oung assistant.. Someone must have erase! the !ocument. %. Fou !on3t have to !efrost fish fingers before &ou fr& them. '. It was believe! for a long time that the =arth was the centre of the >niverse. ".. 15. ha! all the letters sent b& m& secretar& "5. was ruine! 1. /. Someone will have taken the cake out of the oven b& lunch time. -ll the foo! for the we!!ing reception is going to be prepare! b& the bri!e3s aunt. was knocke! !own 1'.. will have m& house built 1/. e was ma!e to pa& back all the mone&. :ne million !ollars has been !onate! for the victims of tsunami b& a famous !irector. has all her cakes ma!e 10. will be given 0. People believe! that he ha! been kille! b& the terrorists. %. runs 1%. 2. The& have Aust announce! our flight. repaire! his bike II* S0.este/ a#s&ers A* 1. The& mine for opals in -ustralia. 1. was given 1#. That teacher ha! punishe! several stu!ents before the authorities warne! the parents about the problem. #. It ought to have been reporte! to the principal. -ll the files were !estro&e! b& the fire. 2. has been emplo&e! 11. If the& ha! repaire! the television set properl&8 it woul!n3t have broken !own again. '.

1. were being humiliate! 15. were stolen 1#. will have all the arrangements ma!e b& m& law&er '. 1/ 10 12 "5 "1 "" "# "% "' is born were being kille! ha! been !ecrease! became was nee!e! was intro!uce! coul! continue is forbi!!en have not recovere! are consi!ere! are hunte! will be force! VI* PRE+E7KO I KONFU<NO 1. will be !one 1'. 1ho was The Titanic !irecte! b&4 1%. is %. b& #. Is it being occupie! J Is it occupie! '. ha! m& nails !one 2. having been inAure! 1/.este/ a#s&ers 1.. be ".. to be taken IV* S0. will be given %. am going to have a suit ma!e 15. is it ma!e J was it ma!e #. been . have it evaluate! %. given '. am going to be prepare! 0. have J get m& car repaire! #. 1ho was it create! b&4 2. were . ha! ha! them prepare! /. be /. haven7t been tol! 11. have been supporte! 1". ha! been !rawn ". to be finishe! 10. have J get &our e&es teste! ". / 0 2 15 11 1" 1# V* have been have been hunte! kille! have been proven will be kille! starte! were hunte! were use! was going on J went on allowe! !ecrease! were slaughtere! !o not bree! 1% 1' 1. be washe! 1. was having her room painte! 0.. are having !inner serve! .. was knocke! . has been taken /.. have it washe! J cleane! 1 " # % ' .

being 1%. Too much attention has alrea!& been !evote! to this problem. L 15. K . K #. K ". The& were !riving ver& slowl& because the fog was thickening. K 1%. . She went outsi!e to collect the clothes that ha! been !r&ing on the line. She remembere! having been taken to the circus b& her aunt8 who was alwa&s gla! to spen! some time with the ki!s. re!uce! 1#. . K 2. will 1". The ol! pine tree that stoo! at the en! of our gar!en fell !uring the last storm. be 1. e ha! been ma!e to tell them ever&thing about the conspirac& before the plotters ha! an& chance to continue with their plans. K '. K 11. K /. chosen 2.crate of me!ical supplies was still being loa!e! into the truck when the !river turne! the engine on. been VII* 1. be 11. L 1#. L 0.. She kept turning because she ha! a feeling that the& were being followe!. e can3t talk at the meeting to!a& because he is having his teeth fi6e!. being 15. K %. L 1". K 1'. K Fou !on3t have to leave a tip because the service is inclu!e! in the bill. -ll our crops are being ruine! b& the heav& rains.0.. un!erstoo! 1'.