You are on page 1of 1

SNOWBOARDING

Snowboarding is a winter sport that involves descending a slope that is covered with snow while standing on a board attached to a rider's feet, using a special boot set onto a mounted binding. The development of snowboarding was inspired by skateboarding, sledding, surfing and skiing. It was developed in the United States in the 1 !"s and became a #inter $lympic Sport in 1 %. In &""& competitive snowboarders formed the #orld Snowboard Tour. Snowboarding has been around since the 1 &"s, when boys and men would tie plywood or wooden planks from barrels to their feet using clotheslines and horse reins in order to steer themselves down hills. 'odern snowboarding began in 1 !( when Sherman )oppen, an engineer in'uskegon, 'ichigan, invented a toy for his daughter by fastening two skis together and attaching a rope to one end so she would have some control as she stood on the board and glided downhill. *ubbed the +snurfer+ ,combining snow and surfer-, the toy proved so popular among his daughter's friends that )oppen licensed the idea to a manufacturer that sold about a million snurfers over the ne.t decade. /nd, in 1 !! alone over half a million snurfers were sold. In 1 0 1ake 2urton 3arpenter started making snowboards out of fiberglass. 4e also added bindings to help control the board easier. In the 1 %"'s they started adding steel edges to the sides of the snowboard. They also invented bindings with high backs to help control when snowboarding on hard packed snow. Since snowboarding's inception as an established winter sport, it has developed various styles, each with its own speciali5ed e6uipment and techni6ue. The most common styles today are7 freeride, freestyle, and freecarve8race. These styles are used for both recreational and professional snowboarding. #hile each style is uni6ue, there is overlap between them. In &""", Snowboarding was the fastest9growing sport in the US ,followed by skateboarding-, with the number of enthusiasts rising to a total of :ust over 0.& million. The most common Snowboarding in:uries are to the wrist, shoulder, and head. Snowboarding was in the $lympics for the first time in 1 %. There are si. different events in snowboarding ,slalom, parallel slalom, giant slalom, super giant slalom, snowboardercross and halfpipe- but only two were held in the 1 % #inter $lympics in ;agano, 1apan. The events are giant slalom and the halfpipe. The giant slalom is similar to a downhill race. There are gates set up along the hill. The ob:ect of the race is to go as fast as you can around the gates as you go downhill. <ach snowboarder has two tries to get the fastest time. If you miss a gate you are dis6ualified. #hoever has the best time wins. The type of snowboard that is used is narrow and stiff. The half pipe is an event that is like the aerials in freestyle skiing. Snowboarders do tricks and :umps using a trench that is shaped like a U. They get their speed up by going down one side of the U. #hen they get to the top of the other side they do different types of tricks. There are five :udges. <ach one gives a different score. The areas they score are7 basic moves and spins, flips, technical merit, landing, and how high they get to do their tricks. I believe snowboarding is a very interesting e.trem sport which satifies the need for adrenaline and it isn't very dangerous.