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UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, PIETERMARITZBURG EXAMINATIONS: NOVEMBER 2011 SUBJECT, COURSE & CODE: JURISPRUDENCE DURATION: 3 HOURS (LAWS3JP) TOTAL

MARKS: 300

Internal examiner: Ms H Matisonn External examiner: Professor K van Marle

STUDENTS ARE REQUESTED, IN THEIR OWN INTERESTS, TO WRITE LEGIBLY. ______________________________________________________________________________ PLEASE NOTE: This question paper consists of THREE pages. Please ensure that you have ALL of them. Students are required to answer FIVE questions in total. Students must answer THREE questions from Section A and BOTH questions in Section B. ______________________________________________________________________________ SECTION A: 100 marks You MAY NOT answer both question 2a) AND question 2b). QUESTION 1: 20 marks Answer ALL questions. Nearly all natural law theories are committed to some version of the maxim ‘unjust law is no law at all’. Explain how the following natural law theorists would interpret this in terms of whether we have an obligation to obey unjust laws: i. Cicero ii. Aquinas QUESTION 2: 30 marks Answer EITHER (a) OR (b). a) In rugby, when a referee is unsure about whether a try has been scored or not, he is permitted to ask the television match official (TMO) for a decision. The TMO is only allowed to answer the question of whether the ball has been grounded on or beyond the try line. In 2011, in a match between the Springboks and the All Blacks, the TMO confirmed that the ball had been correctly grounded but because he had spotted an illegal move prior to this, he asked the referee if he ‘would like any further information?’

’ Two men are arrested for violating this law. explain the dispute between Ronald Dworkin and legal positivism. punishable by a fine of five dollars. If the referee was using Dworkin’s theory of ‘constructive intepretivism’. but was heard by the arresting officer to be gently snoring. COURSE & CODE: Page 2 JURISPRUDENCE (LAWS3JP) (because he realised that a strict application of the law would result in the unjust outcome of the All Blacks being awarded the try). Explain what your judgment would be in both cases making explicit reference to Hart AND Fuller in your explanation. i. PIETERMARITZBURG EXAMINATIONS: NOVEMBER 2011 SUBJECT.UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL. how would he respond to the TMO’s decision? ii. QUESTION 3: 50 marks In Fuller’s article Fidelity to the Law he offers the following imaginary case: A rule exists which states that ‘It shall be a misdemeanor. The second is a man who had brought a blanket and pillow to the station and had obviously settled himself down for the night. . When he was arrested he was sitting upright in an orderly fashion. Then argue which theory is to be preferred with respect to this particular example. If the referee was applying legal positivism. The first is a passenger who was waiting at 3am for a delayed train. how would he respond to the TMO’s question? iii. He was arrested. before he’d had a chance to go to sleep. however. to sleep in any railway station. Which of the two theories is to be preferred and why? OR b) Using the Umpire’s Dilemma as an example.

PIETERMARITZBURG EXAMINATIONS: NOVEMBER 2011 SUBJECT. .UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL. QUESTION 6: 100 marks Cecile Fabre offers a theory of legal justice in terms of the principles of ‘sufficiency’ and ‘autonomy’ Explain and critically evaluate her account in light of the debates about the legalisation of organ trading. QUESTION 5: 100 marks ‘Individual freedom and consent is the most important thing in deciding what the law should allow.’ Do you agree or disagree with this claim? Your answer should be informed by a careful consideration of the theories implicit in the ‘Hart-Devlin debate’. COURSE & CODE: Page 3 JURISPRUDENCE (LAWS3JP) SECTION B: 200 marks Answer BOTH questions.