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Year 7 Introduction to Science

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What do levels mean in Science?
Level 4 Level 5 Level 6 Describe using scientific terms… Use scientific ideas to explain… Use detailed science to explain why…

Level 7

Link ideas from different areas. Use quantitative relationships…
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Science Homework is set once during every topic. A good piece of homework should take between 30 and 60 minutes to complete. You will have at least a week to hand it in. It may be marked by the teacher or by a class mate.

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The scientific method
• Scientists use the scientific method to get from a question to an answer. • • • • • Theory – an idea that answers a question Observations – use your senses Data – record your observations Graph – a picture of your results Conclusion – communicate what you found out.
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What do you think a scientist looks like?

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Who are the scientists?

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Introduction to Science
How to work safely in a science lab…

Working in pairs, write down a question that Gemma has tried to answer by doing her investigation. How did she make it a fair test?

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Observations
• Scientists must use all their senses to make careful observations during an experiment. • Use as many descriptive words.

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Why is safety important in the lab?

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Introduction to Science
More on how to work in a science class…

What factors affect how quickly the parachutes fall to the floor?
How could they make this a fair test?

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Hazard Symbols

• Check your work and make corrections.
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Squeaky pop!
• Acids can be dangerous. • Adding a metal like magnesium to an acid produces a gas called hydrogen. • Hydrogen is explosive!

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Drawing apparatus
• REMEMBER TO USE A PENCIL AND A RULER! • Label your diagram using these key words:
– – – – – – – Beaker Test tube Wire gauze Bunsen burner Heat proof mat Tripod Thermometer

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Introduction to Science
Using a Bunsen burner!

What is a fair test? Variable? Dependent variable? Independent variable? Control variables?
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The Bunsen burner

Which parts of the Bunsen burner are safe to touch?

Which flame is the hottest?
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Introduction to Science
Measuring

What are the units for each apparatus?

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Using a thermometer
Method:

• Set up equipment as shown on the diagram. • What will you use to measure the water? • What will you use to measure the temperature? • Which flame will you use on the Bunsen burner?

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Introduction to Science
Presenting your data

Can you choose suitable apparatus?

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Scales
• You must read the scale carefully and remember to include the units.

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Tables

Design a table to show hair colour in the class.
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Bar charts

Draw a bar chart to show Number of plants in a lawn.

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Line graphs

Draw a line graph of the heating experiment.

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Introduction to Science
Planning an investigation

Why do we repeat measurements?
Working in pairs, work out how many plants are estimated in the whole lawn.

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Reporting Investigations
AIM: What are we trying to find out? METHOD: What did you do? How will you make it a fair test?

RESULTS: Draw a neat table and draw a graph.
CONCLUSION: How can you explain your results?

EVALUATION: How reliable were your results? Did other groups get the same results? How could you improve your investigation?
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