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IELTS Writing Section 2 Samples

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Writing Sample #1 We have been living in the nuclear age now for over half a century. Since the first atomic bombs were developed, nuclear technology has provided governments with the ability to totally destroy the planet. Yet the technology has been put to positive use as an energy source and in certain areas of medicine. To what extent is nuclear technology a danger to life on Earth? What are the benefits and ris s associated with its use? You should write at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Model answer: These days, many people are afraid of nuclear technolo y because of the dan ers associated with its use. !n my opinion, althou h it is true that nuclear weapons pose the reatest threat to life, the use of nuclear technolo y for peaceful purposes also carries some serious risks. "uclear power stations pro#ide an important source of cheap power for many industriali$ed nations and some de#elopin countries. %owe#er, there is always the dan er of radiation leakin from these plants. &#en thou h safety precautions are taken, there ha#e been numerous disasters such as the e'plosion of a nuclear plant in (ussia not lon a o. "uclear technolo y is e#en used to help cure some diseases such as cancer. (adiation can be applied to the body to burn away cancerous cells. This is, howe#er, a dan erous procedure, and the application of radiation is almost always painful and not always successful. The most worryin aspect of nuclear technolo y, thou h, is its use for military purposes. &nou h atomic bombs ha#e already been built to completely destroy the planet, and the real dan er is that one day some country will start a war with these weapons. Too many countries now ha#e the technolo y re)uired to make such bombs, and there is currently much debate about how to control the situation. !n conclusion, nuclear technolo y certainly has positi#e uses, but is, nonetheless, dan erous. %owe#er, it would ha#e been better if it had ne#er been used to create nuclear weapons. !f life on &arth is to continue.

Writing Sample #2 !eople in all modern societies use drugs, but today"s youth are experimenting with both legal and illegal drugs, and at an increasingly early age. Some sociologists claim that parents and other members of society often set a bad example. #iscuss the causes and some effects of widespread drug use by young people in modern day society. $a e any recommendations you feel are necessary to help fight youth drug abuse. You should write at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Model answer: Youth dru abuse is a serious problem nowadays in many cultures. "ot only is ille al dru use on the rise, but children as youn as *0 years old are e'perimentin with alcohol and tobacco. The reasons for this beha#ior are unclear, but certain sociolo ists blame the e'amples set by their elders. +arents who drink and smoke to e'cess are, in effect, tellin their children that it is acceptable to abuse their bodies with dru s. ,onse)uently, children may ha#e a similar #iew towards ille al dru s, e#en if their parents are a ainst their use. !n addition, dru use shown on tele#ision and in films can only confuse children who are also tau ht at school that dru abuse is wron . The pressure on youn people to perform well at school in order to compete for -obs is a possible cause of the problem. Many belie#e they cannot li#e up to their parents. e'pectations, and feel a sense of hopelessness. /lso, the widespread a#ailability of dru s means teena ers are faced with the temptation to e'periment. 0ru s are used as a means of e'pressin dissatisfaction with the pressures they face in society. The effects of dru abuse are well known. Many youn people.s talents are wasted, and addiction to hard dru s can cost a user his or her life. 1urthermore, those who drink and dri#e may be in#ol#ed in fatal road accidents. The cost to society is reat, and enormous amounts of money are spent on con#ictin dru dealers and on education pro rams. To conclude, ! recommend that the only sensible way to sol#e this problem is to educate youn people about the dan ers of dru use, and to take steps to reduce the pressure of competition placed upon them.

Writing Sample #3 The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population% this is causing problems not only for poor, undeveloped countries, but also for industriali&ed and developing nations. #escribe some of the problems that overpopulation causes, and suggest at least one possible solution. You should write at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Model answer: !n most countries of the world the population is increasin alarmin ly. This is especially true in poor, unde#eloped countries. 2#erpopulation causes a considerable number of problems. !n poor countries it is difficult to pro#ide enou h food to feed e#en the present number of people. !n addition, education to limit the number of children per family is not always successful. +oorer countries usually ha#e a lot of unemployment too, and an increase in population simply makes the situation worse. The en#ironment also suffers when there are too many people li#in on the land. !n rich, industriali$ed and de#elopin countries it is #ery difficult for o#ernments to pro#ide effecti#e public ser#ices in o#ercrowded cities. Moreo#er, there is usually a reat deal more crime, which is often due to hi h rates of unemployment. 1urther lar e increases in population only cause more o#ercrowdin , unemployment and crime. There are two main solutions to the o#erpopulation problem. 1irstly, e#ery woman who is pre nant, but who does not want to i#e birth, should be allowed by law to ha#e an abortion. 3econdly, o#ernments must educate people to limit the si$e of the family. !n ,hina, couples are penali$ed financially if they ha#e more than one child. This may seem cruel, but the 4one5child policy4 is be innin to ha#e an effect in the world.s most populous nation. &#entually, similar policies mi ht also be necessary in other crowded nations such as !ndia, for e'ample. To sum up, if the population e'plosion continues, many more people will die of star#ation in poor countries, and life in the cities, e#en in affluent nations, will become increasin ly difficult.

Writing Sample #4 Studying the English language in an English'spea ing country is the best but not the only way to learn language. #o you agree or disagree with this statement? You should write at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Model answer: 3tudyin a lan ua e in a country where it is widely spoken has many ad#anta es. !t is, therefore, a ood idea to study &n lish in a country such as 6ritain. %owe#er, ! belie#e it is not the only way to learn the lan ua e. !n the first place, most students in non5&n lish5speakin countries learn &n lish at secondary school, and sometimes at uni#ersity nowadays. /lthou h their spoken &n lish is not usually of a #ery hi h standard, their knowled e of rammar is often )uite ad#anced. This is certainly useful when students come to an &n lish5speakin country to perfect the lan ua e. 3econdly, studyin the basics of &n lish at secondary school is less stressful than learnin the lan ua e while o#erseas. This is because students li#in at home do not ha#e to worry about problems such as findin accommodation, payin for their study and li#in costs, and tryin to sur#i#e in a forei n country where day to day li#in causes much stress. %owe#er, there are ob#ious ad#anta es of learnin &n lish in 6ritain. &#ery day there are opportunities to practice listenin to and speakin with 6ritish people. /lso, students can e'perience the culture firsthand, which is a reat help when tryin to understand the lan ua e. This is especially true if they choose to li#e with a 6ritish family, as e'chan e students for e'ample. 1urthermore, if students attend a lan ua e school full5 time, the teachers will be nati#e speakers. !n this case, not only will students. speakin and listenin skills impro#e, but attention can be i#en to de#elopin readin and writin skills as well. !n eneral, e#en thou h it is preferable to study &n lish in an &n lish5speakin country, a reasonable le#el of &n lish can be achie#ed in one.s own country, if a student is ifted and dedicated to study.

Writing Sample #5 ()lthough abuse of the system is inevitable, social welfare payments are essential to protect the rights citi&ens have to a guaranteed minimum income in a democratic society( #iscuss. You should write at least 250 words You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Model answer: 3ocial welfare is an essential element of an ad#anced society. 7ood systems are always abused, but that does not mean they are faulty. !n my opinion, the two main reasons why welfare payments are necessary are as follows: 1irst of all, critics for et that there are many forms of welfare besides payments to the unemployed. Their ne ati#e opinions harm those who are not capable of earnin a wa e, such as sin le5parent mothers, the disabled, and the sick. Moreo#er, the unemployed ha#e the ri ht to an income, too. They are not always at fault for not ha#in a -ob, and in most cases the ta' they ha#e paid in the past entitles them to assistance. The second reason is that crime increases when people ha#e no means of support. The desperately poor ine#itably turn to crime, which is not only dan erous but costly. +olicin the streets is more e'pensi#e than pro#idin welfare. / policeman.s wa e is four or fi#e times hi her than a 4dole4 payment. ,ertain members of society belie#e that people should look after themsel#es. They point out that welfare increases dependency on others and destroy di nity. This may be true, but in the case of the unemployed, the relief payments are usually temporary. !t is surely the fault of the o#ernment if there are lon 5term unemployed. 8elfare critics also belie#e that it is the responsibility of a #ictim.s family to pro#ide financial assistance. %owe#er, it is too e'pensi#e to pro#ide complete help for a se#erely disabled person. To conclude, it is #ital to understand the need for welfare in a modern democratic society. 8ithout welfare payments the poor are destined to become poorer. The first duty of a o#ernment is to pro#ide a financial safety net for all disad#anta ed persons, and that includes those without work.

Writing Sample #6 #isruptive school students have a negative influence on others. Students who are noisy and disobedient should be grouped together and taught separately. #o you agree or disagree? 7i#e reasons for your answer. You should write at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Model answer: There is no doubt that some students in schools beha#e badly and their beha#ior causes difficulty for others either because it has a ne ati#e effect on the roup or because ordinary students find it difficult to study with them. 2ne solution is to take these students away and teach them on their own. %owe#er, if we simply ha#e them remo#ed after one or two warnin s, we are limitin their educational opportunities because it seems to me that a school which caters for difficult students is a sort of 4prison4 whate#er name you i#e it and the people who o there may ne#er reco#er from the e'perience. This can then cause problems for the wider society. +erhaps we need to look at why the disrupti#e students beha#e badly before we separate them. 0isrupti#e students may be #ery intelli ent and find the classes borin because the work is too easy. +erhaps these students need e'tra lessons rather than separate lessons. 2r perhaps the teachers are uninspirin and this results in beha#ioral problems so we need better teachers. 2n the other hand, most students put up with this situation rather than cause trouble, and some people ar ue that we ha#e to learn to suffer bad teachers and borin situations and that students who can.t learn this lesson need to be tau ht separately. 3o before we condemn the students to a special school, we should look at factors such as the teachin , because once the children ha#e been separated, it is #ery unlikely that they will be brou ht back.

Writing Sample #7 Should parents be obliged to immuni&e their children against childhood diseases? *r do individuals have the right to choose not to immuni&e their children? You should write at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Model answer: 3ome people ar ue that the state does not ha#e the ri ht to make parents immuni$e their children. %owe#er, ! feel the )uestion is not whether they should immuni$e but whether, as members of society, they ha#e the ri ht not to. +re#entati#e medicine has pro#ed to be the most effecti#e way of reducin the incidence of fatal childhood diseases. /s a result of the widespread practice of immuni$in youn children in our society, many li#es ha#e been sa#ed and the diseases ha#e been reduced to almost $ero. !n pre#ious centuries children died from ordinary illnesses such as influen$a and tuberculosis and because few people had immunity, the diseases spread easily. 0iseases such as dysentery were the result of poor hy iene but these ha#e lon been eradicated since the arri#al of ood sanitation and clean water. "obody would su est that we should re#erse this ood practice now because dysentery has been wiped out. 3erious diseases such as polio and smallpo' ha#e also been eradicated throu h national immuni$ation pro rams. !n conse)uence, children not immuni$ed are far less at risk in this disease5free society than they would otherwise be. +arents choosin not to immuni$e are relyin on the fact that the diseases ha#e already been eradicated. !f the number of parents choosin not to immuni$e increased, there would be a similar increase in the risk of the diseases returnin . !mmuni$ation is not an issue like seatbelts which affects only the indi#idual. / decision not to immuni$e will ha#e widespread repercussions for the whole of society and for this reason9 ! do not belie#e that indi#iduals ha#e the ri ht to stand aside. !n my opinion immuni$ation should be obli atory.

Writing Sample #8 Should parents be obliged to immuni&e their children against common +and , answer childhood diseases? *r do individuals have the right to choose not to immuni&e their children? You should write at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Model answer: The issue of whether we should force parents to immuni$e their children a ainst common diseases is, in my opinion, a social rather than a medical )uestion. 3ince we are free to choose what we e'pose our bodies to in the way of food, drink, or reli ion for that matter, why should the )uestion of medical .treatment. be any different: Medical researchers and o#ernments are primarily interested in o#erall statistics and trends and in money5sa#in schemes which fail to take into consideration the indi#idual.s concerns and ri hts. 8hile immuni$ation a ainst diseases such as tetanus and whoopin cou h may be effecti#e, little information is released about the harmful effects of #accinations which can sometimes result in stunted rowth or e#en death. The body is desi ned to resist disease and to create its own natural immunity throu h contact with that disease. 3o when children are i#en artificial immunity, we create a #ulnerable society which is entirely dependent on immuni$ation. !n the e#ent that mass immuni$ation pro rams were to cease, the society as a whole would be more at risk than e#er before. !n addition there is the issue of the ri hts of the indi#idual. /s members of a society, why should we be obli ed to sub-ect our children to this potentially harmful practice: 3ome people may also be a ainst immuni$ation on reli ious rounds and their needs must also be considered. 1or these reasons ! feel stron ly that immuni$ation pro rams should not be obli atory and that the indi#idual should ha#e the ri ht to choose whether or not to participate.

Writing Sample # We are becoming increasingly dependent on computers. They are used in businesses, hospitals, crime detection and even to fly planes. What things will they be used for in the future? -s this dependence on computers a good thing or should we be more auspicious of their benefits? You should write at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Model answer: ,omputers are a relati#ely new in#ention. The first computers were built fifty years a o and it is only in the last thirty or so years that their influence has affected our e#eryday life. +ersonal computers were introduced as recently as the early ei hties. !n this short time they ha#e made a tremendous impact on our li#es. 8e are now so dependent on computers that it is hard to ima ine what thin s would be like today without them. You ha#e only ot to o into a bank when their main computer is broken to appreciate the chaos that would occur if computers were suddenly remo#ed world5wide. !n the future computers will be used to create bi er and e#en more sophisticated computers. The prospects for this are )uite alarmin . They will be so comple' that no indi#idual could hope to understand how they work. They will brin a lot of benefits but they will also increase the potential for unima inable chaos. They will, for e'ample, be able to fly planes and they will be able to coordinate the mo#ements of se#eral planes in the #icinity of an airport. +ro#idin all the computers are workin correctly nothin can o wron . !f one small pro ram fails disaster. There is a certain ine#itability that technolo y will pro ress and become increasin ly comple'. 8e should, howe#er, ensure that we are still in a position where we are able to control technolo y. !t will be all too easy to suddenly disco#er that technolo y is controllin us. 6y then it mi ht be too late ! belie#e that it is #ery important to be suspicious of the benefits that computers will brin and to make sure that we ne#er become totally dependent on a completely technolo ical world.