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Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering

Lecturer: Prof. Koji Asai Name: Benita Nathania Student ID: 13-8710-601-0

Hazard Map Investigation: Landslide Indonesia is located in the area of tropical climate with two seasons, dry and rainy. Such climatic conditions combined with the diverse surface topography producing fertile soil conditions. On the contrary, these conditions can lead to some bad consequences for humans such as hydro-meteorological disasters (floods, landslides, forest fires and drought). Landslides are one of the hydro-meteorological disasters that occur frequently and evenly spread in almost all parts of Indonesia. Many landslides resulted in the loss of both life and property. Landslides are a form of erosion where the transport or movement of land masses occurred at some time in the relatively large volume. There are at least 918 landslide-prone locations in Indonesia. Each year the loss caused by landslides reached Rp 800 billion, while the affected people are about one million people. Potential landslides increased lately due to some other issues such as high population growth rate, climate change (high intensity rainfall), and land cover change. Landslides will occur if there are three conditions that are (1) there is a fairly steep slope so that the soil mass can quickly move or glide down. (2) the absence of inhibitors soil / rock to move or slide down. (3) increasing water content of soil that gives heavy weight on land, so the land mass has the potential to move or slide down. From this statement it can be said that a landslide may occur from several things, such as steep slopes, lack of barriers related to land use, and water content associated with the rainfall.

Landslide occurrence tendency will increase from October to February along with the high intensity of rain. The moderate landslide potential is marked by yellow color on the map. that is moderate and high landslide potential. There are two volcanic mountains that are mount Batur and mount Agung. In this landslide hazard map we can see 2 types of landslide occurrence. The topography of Bali Island is narrow lowland and sloping in the Northern part of Bali. those areas are very prone to landslides. As we can see in the map. Karangasem. The Northern part of Bali has many hills and mountainous areas such as in Bangli. This map is provided by Regional Disaster Management Agency colaborated with Environmental Research Centre of Udayana University. while the high landslide potential is marked by red color. landslide vulnerable areas are mostly located in Northern part of Bali which is has many hills and mountainous areas. Klungkung. This mountainous area is an area of high landslide potential (red color) because there . and Jembrana district. and broad lowland and less sloping in the Southern part of Bali.This is a landslide hazard map of Bali Island. Buleleng. The blue color indicates lake and red dots are indicates district name.

citizen who lives in this area should also be aware of landslide ocurrence especially in rainy season.40%.are steep slopes. approximately the slopes range from 25% . The topography condition in this area is not as steep as in mountainous area.25%. Soil type in this area is mostly regosols (FAO Soil Unit). this area become very prone to landslides. citizen who lives in this area should aware of landslide occurrence. Approximately the slopes range from 15% . . In rainy season especially when the rainfall rate is 50-100 mm/day which is usually happen on October to February. Soil type in this area is mostly lithosols (FAO Soil Unit). there are many areas has moderate potential of landslide. Eventhough the potential of landslide is moderate. In the northwest part of Bali.