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Rotary Drilling Rig Components

Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Power and Prime Movers 3. Hoisting Component 4. Rotating Component 5. Circulating Component 6. Well Control Component 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8. Bit 9. Fishing Tools

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Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure

Derrick A large load bearing structure, usually of bolted construction. The standard derrick has four legs standing at the corners of the substructure.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components

1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure

Mast A portable derrick that can be raised as unit. For transporting by land, the mast can be divided into two or more section.

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Rotary Drilling Rig Components

1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure

Substructure The foundation in which the derrick or mast and usually the Drawworks sit. In contains space for storage and well control equipment.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components

1. Mast or Derrick and Substructure 2. Power and Prime Movers

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sprockets. clutches and shaft is said to be a Mechanical Rig. Power and Prime Movers Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. clutches and shaft is said to be a Mechanical Rig.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 2. Power and Prime Movers Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 2. A drilling rig in which the source of power is one or more internalcombustion engine and in which power is distributed to rig components through devices such as chains. sprockets. A drilling rig in which the source of power is one or more internalcombustion engine and in which power is distributed to rig components through devices such as chains. 4 .

Power and Prime Movers Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. generator set. DC-DC System 5 . A drilling rig in which the source of power is effected by the combination of engines. A drilling rig in which the source of power is effected by the combination of engines.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 2. control system and electric motors is said to be a Electric Drilling Rig. control system and electric motors is said to be a Electric Drilling Rig. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 2. Power and Prime Movers Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. generator set.

Power and Prime Movers Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. Hoisting Component 6 . Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. control system and electric motors is said to be a Electric Drilling Rig.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 2. AC-DC System Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Power and Prime Movers 3. generator set. A drilling rig in which the source of power is effected by the combination of engines.

Drilling Line Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. Hoisting Component The Rig Equipment responsible for the raising and lowering of the Drillstring. Mast or Derrick 2. Hoisting Component 2.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. Supply Reel 7. Drawworks 3. Deadline Anchor 6. It is essentially a winch that spools off or takes in the drilling line and thus raises or lowers the drillstring. Drawworks The hoisting mechanism on a drilling rig. Traveling Block 5. 7 . Crown Block 4. Consist of the following: 1.

Crown Block An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the derrick/mast and over which the drilling line is reeved. Hoisting Component 3. Hoisting Component 3.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. FAST SHEAVE CROWN SHEAVE 8 . Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. Crown Block An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the derrick/mast and over which the drilling line is reeved.

Hoisting Component 3.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. Crown Block An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the derrick/mast and over which the drilling line is reeved. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. Crown Block An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the derrick/mast and over which the drilling line is reeved. Hoisting Component 3. 9 .

Traveling Block An assembly of sheaves or pulleys through which the drilling line is reeved and which moves up and down in the Derrick or Mast. Hoisting Component 4.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. Hoisting Component 4. Traveling Block An assembly of sheaves or pulleys through which the drilling line is reeved and which moves up and down in the Derrick or Mast. TRAVELING BLOCK WITH DYNAPLEX HOOK 10 . BLOCK HOOK Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. TRAVELING BLOCK WITH UNIMATIC HOOK Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. Hoisting Component 4. TENSION COMPRESSION 11 . Traveling Block An assembly of sheaves or pulleys through which the drilling line is reeved and which moves up and down in the Derrick or Mast. Deadline Anchor An equipment that holds down the deadline part of the wire rope. It is usually bolted on to the substructure. Hoisting Component 5.

Supply Reel A spool that stores the unused portion of the Drilling Line. Hoisting Component 6. 12 . Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. It is usually bolted on to the substructure. Deadline Anchor An equipment that holds down the deadline part of the wire rope. Hoisting Component 5.

Hoisting Component 7.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. Drilling Line The wire rope used to support the Drilling Tools. Type of Wire Rope Construction 13 . Hoisting Component 7. Drilling Line The wire rope used to support the Drilling Tools. Types of Wire Rope Lay Right Lang Lay Left Lang Lay Right Regular Lay Left Regular Lay Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3.

Hoisting Component 7. Drilling Line Typically the wire rope used for Drilling Line would have the following characteristics: Shallow: Deep: Contruction: 1” to 1-1/8” diameter 1-1/4” to 2” diameter 6 x 19 S or 6 x 21 S or 6 x 25 FW. Hoisting Component 14 . RRL.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. IWRC Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. IPS or EIP.

Rotary Table 15 . Kelly Bushing 5. Power and Prime Movers 3. Hoisting Component 4. Kelly or Top Drive 4. Consist of the following: 1. Kelly Spinner 3. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Master Bushing 6. Rotating Component The Rig Equipment responsible for rotating the Drillstring. Swivel 2. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2.

16 . Swivel It also provide connection for the rotary hose and provide passageway for the flow of drilling fluid into the drillstem.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Rotating Component 1. Swivel The rotary tool that is hung from the hook of the traveling block to suspend the drillstring and permit it to rotate freely. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Rotating Component 1.

Swivel It also provide connection for the rotary hose and provide passageway for the flow of drilling fluid into the drillstem. Rotating Component 2. Kelly Spinner A pneumatically controlled device mounted below the Swivel that when actuated causes the Kelly to spin.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. 17 . Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Rotating Component 1.

Kelly The heavy steel member. 18 . Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Rotating Component 2. Kelly Spinner A pneumatically controlled device mounted below the Swivel that when actuated causes the Kelly to spin. usually four or six-sided that is suspended from the Swivel through the Rotary Table and connected to the topmost joint of drillpipe to turn the drill stem as the rotary table turns.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Rotating Component 3.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Kelly It has a bored passageway that permits fluid to be circulated into the drill stem and up the annulus or vise versa. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Top Drive A hydraulically powered device located below the Swivel that when actuated allows the Drillstem to spin and proceed in drilling. Rotating Component 3. 19 . Rotating Component 3.

Rotating Component 5. Rotating Component 4.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Type MSPC Fits 20-1/2” to 27-1/2” Rotary Tables Type MPCH Fits 37-1/2” to 49-1/2” Rotary Tables Type MSPC Fits 17-1/2” to 27-1/2” Rotary Tables Type MBSS Fits 17-1/2” to 27-1/2” Rotary Tables 20 . Master Bushing A device that fits into the rotary table to accommodate the slips and drive the kelly bushing so that the rotating motion of the rotary table can be transmitted to the Kelly. Type HDP Heavy Duty fits 23” through 49-1/2” Rotary Table Type HDS Heavy Duty for Square Drive Rotary Tables Type MDS Medium Duty for Square Rotary Table Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Kelly Bushing A device that when fitted to master bushing transmits torque to the kelly and simultaneously permits vertical movement of the Kelly to make hole.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Rotating Component 6. 21 . Rotary Table Equipment used to turn the drill stem and support the drilling assembly. Rotating Component 6. Rotary Table It has a beveled gear arrangement to create the rotational motion and opening into which bushings are fitted to drive and support the drilling assembly.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4. Rotary Table It has a beveled gear arrangement to create the rotational motion and opening into which bushings are fitted to drive and support the drilling assembly. Rotary Table It has a beveled gear arrangement to create the rotational motion and opening into which bushings are fitted to drive and support the drilling assembly. 375 22 . Rotating Component 6. Rotating Component 6. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4.

Hoisting Component 4. Circulating Component 23 . Power and Prime Movers 3. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Rotating Component 5. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 4.

Mud Pit 24 . Desilter 11. Circulating Component Circulating component consist of the following: 1. Normally the circulation would start from the mud pits. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Annulus 7. Return Line 8. Mud Pump 2. Degasser 12. Shale Shaker 9. Standpipe 4. up the annulus and back to the mud pits. Desander 10. Circulating Component The Rig Equipment responsible the movement of drilling fluid within the well as well as solids removal incurred by the drilling fluid. Pump Manifold 3. Drillstring 6. Swivel 5. down the drill stem.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5.

single acting piston pump whose pistons travel in replaceable liners and are driven by a crankshaft actuated by an engine or motor. double acting or a threecylinder. Mud Pump A large. Circulating Component 1. high-pressure reciprocating pump used to circulated the mud on a drilling rig. A typical mud pump is a two cylinder. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 1. Mud Pump 25 .

26 .Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 1. PULSATION DAMPENER 13. Mud Pump 1. MUD PUMP 9. SUCTION LINE 7. SUCTION TANK 2. MUD PUMP ENGINE 16. CHARGING PUMP 4. CHARGING PUMP (MP) 8. MUD PUMP DISCHARGE MANIFOLD 11. Circulating Component 2. AGITATOR MOTORS 5. PRESSURE GAUGE 12. MUD HOPPPER 6. DISCHARGE LINE 15. VALVE AND PUMP PISTON 10. PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE 14. PREHYDRATION TANK 3. INTERMEDIATE TANK Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Pump Manifold An arrangement of piping and valves that receives drilling fluid from one or more mud pumps and transmit the drilling fluid to the succeeding circulating component.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. which joins mud pump manifold to the rotary hose. 27 . Circulating Component 2. Circulating Component 3. Standpipe The vertical pipe rising along the side of the Derrick or Mast. Pump Manifold Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5.

Shale Shaker An equipment the uses a vibrating screen to remove cuttings from the circulating fluid in rotary drilling operations. RETURN LINE 2. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. POSSUM BELLY 3. Circulating Component 8. ELECTRIC MOTOR 4. Return Line The passageway of the drilling fluid as it comes out of the well. SHAKER SCREEN 28 .Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 7. 1.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Shale Shaker Shale shakers are designed to handle 100-1600 gpm flowrate of mud and be able to remove cutting to size of 77 microns using a 200 mesh screen. Shale Shaker Shale shakers are designed to handle 100-1600 gpm flowrate of mud and be able to remove cutting to size of 77 microns using a 200 mesh screen. Circulating Component 8. Circulating Component 8. 29 .

Desilter Also a centrifugal device for removing free particles of silt from the drilling fluid to keep the amount of solids in the fluid at the lowest possible point. Circulating Component 10. 30 . Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Desander A centrifugal device for removing sand from the drilling fluid to prevent abrasion of the pumps.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 9.

31 . Mud Pit A waste pit. Circulating Component 11.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. usually an excavated earthen-walled pit. Degasser Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 12.

Hoisting Component 4. Rotating Component 5. Power and Prime Movers 3. Circulating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Well Control Component 32 . Circulating Component 6.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components 6. Accumulator 7. Well Control Component Well Control component consist of the following: 1. Manifold. Diverter 4. Annular Blowout Preventer 2. Well Control Component The Rig Equipment responsible for preventing the build up of unwanted formation fluids that lead to Blowout. Drilling Spools 5. Valves and Sensors 6. Ram Blowout Preventer 3. Inside BOP 33 . Rotary Drilling Rig Components 6.

Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Kelly 5. Circulating Component 6. Rotating Component 5. Heavy Weight Drill Pipe 4. Power and Prime Movers 3. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Tubular are made of the following equipment: 1. Hoisting Component 4. Drill Collar 3. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Well Control Component 7.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Subs 34 . Drill Pipe 2.

Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Drillpipe These are heavy seamless tubing used to rotate the bit and circulated the drilling fluid. Drillpipe Basic Parts of a Drillpipe SHOULDER TONG SPACE NECK TONG SPACE SHOULDER NECK PIN BODY BOX 35 . Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1. Joints of pipe approximately 30 feet long are coupled together by means of tool joints.

Drillpipe 36 . Drillpipe Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1.

Drillpipe TOOLJOINT INTERGCHANGEABILITY CHART 37 . Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1. Drillpipe TENSILE REQUIREMENTS RANGE LENGHTS TOLERANCES Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7.

Drillpipe For other mechanical properties. Drill Collar The heavy.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. please refer to available charts. used between the drill pipe and the bit in the drill stem to provide pendulum effect to the drill stem and to provide weight on bit. thick-walled tube steel. 38 . Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 2. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7.

Lifting Sub 5. Crossover Sub 3. and the tube section has a larger diameter at mid length to protect the pipe from wear. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. As a transition member to be run between drill collars and drill pipe. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 3. Bent Sub 39 . Subs A short. the tube wall is heavier about 1”thick in most sizes. as a weight member on small rigs. Bit Sub 2. These consist of: 1. as a flexible weight member to run on directional drilling. Kelly Saver Sub 4. HWDP has the following different dimensional characteristics.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. HWDP were developed for the following reasons. drilling small diameter holes. the tool joints are longer. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 3. Heavy Weight Drillpipe Similar in appearance to a drill pipe. threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling string that cannot otherwise be screwed together because of difference in thread size or design.

threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling string that cannot otherwise be screwed together because of difference in thread size or design.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Subs A short. 40 . threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling string that cannot otherwise be screwed together because of difference in thread size or design. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 3. Subs A short. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 3. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7.

Drillpipe Spinner 11. Subs A short. Elevator 3. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Equipment Equipment used to move. Elevator Links 2. Iron Roughneck 12.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling string that cannot otherwise be screwed together because of difference in thread size or design. Lifting Plug 5. These include the following: 1. Tongs 9. Slips 7. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Lifting Subs 4. Safety Clamp 8. Bit Breaker 41 . Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 3. Kelly Spinner 10. Tugger/Winch 6. suspend tubular on the rig. make and break connection.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. SIDE DOOR ELEVATOR CENTER LATCH ELEVATOR SINGLE JOINT ELEVATOR 42 . Elevator Links Equipment attached onto the Traveling Block in order to suspend the Elevators.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. drillpipe or drill collars so that the stand or joint can be raised from or lowered into the hole opening of the rotary table. Elevator Clamps that grip a stand of casing. tubing. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1.

43 . Elevator Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1. Tugger/Winch A pneumatically operated drum with wire rope spooled onto it to move or lift heavy objects on the rig floor. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 5.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7.

Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6. Drill Pipe Slips Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Slips A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements that are used to prevent pipe from slipping down into hole or to hold the pipe in place. Slips A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements that are used to prevent pipe from slipping down into hole or to hold the pipe in place.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6. Drill Collar Slips 44 .

Casing Slips Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Slips A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements that are used to prevent pipe from slipping down into hole or to hold the pipe in place. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Slips A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements that are used to prevent pipe from slipping down into hole or to hold the pipe in place. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6. 45 .

Safety Clamp The are used on tubulars above the slips to prevent dropping the string should the slips fail to hold. Safety Clamp Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Safety Clamp The are used on tubulars above the slips to prevent dropping the string should the slips fail to hold. 46 . Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 7.

Make up Tong Breakout Tong Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Tong Large wrenches used to make or break out tubulars. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Tong Large wrenches used to make or break out tubulars. Making Connection 47 . Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8.

Tong Large wrenches used to make or break out tubulars. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 9. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8. Kelly Spinner A pneumatically operated device mounted on top of the kelly that when actuated causes the kelly to spin. Breaking Connection Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. KELLY SPINNER 48 .

Drillpipe Spinner and Tongs. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 11. Iron Roughneck A pneumatically operated machine that replaces the functions performed by the Kelly Spinner. DRILLPIPE SPINNER Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Drillpipe Spinner A pneumatically operated device usually suspended on the rig floor used to make fast connections and spin off of drill pipeS. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 10.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. IRON ROUGHNECK 49 .

Rotary Drilling Rig Components

7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment

12. Bit Breaker A device that is placed on top of the rotary table to enable the bit to be made up to drill string.

BIT BREAKER

Rotary Drilling Rig Components

1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Power and Prime Movers 3. Hoisting Component 4. Rotating Component 5. Circulating Component 6. Well Control Component 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8. Bit

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Rotary Drilling Rig Components

8. Bit A variety of bits are available for drilling and sampling operation. The selection of bit is usually dependent on the formation which is to be drilled and the purpose of the borehole. Bit Fixed Cutter Bits Drill Bit Core Bit Roller Cone Bits No. of Cones Steel Mill Material Material Tungsten Carbide Inserts 2 3 4 6

Natural Diamond Insert PDC Insert TSP

Rotary Drilling Rig Components

8. Bit

SHORT PDC BIT

MEDIUM PDC BIT

LONG PDC BIT

NATURAL DIAMOND BIT

TSP BIT

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Rotary Drilling Rig Components

8. Bit

Rotary Drilling Rig Components

8. Bit

CORE BIT

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Fishing Tools 53 . Hoisting Component 4.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 8. Power and Prime Movers 3. Well Control Component 7. Circulating Component 6. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8. Bit MILL TOOTH TRICONE BIT TUNGSTEN CARBIDE INSERT TRICONE BIT Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Bit 9. Rotating Component 5.

Fishing Tools The Rig Equipment used for the purpose of retrieving from the wellbore sections of pipe. Junk Mill 8. Grapple Spear 4. Casing Scraper Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. casing or other items which may have become stuck or inadvertently dropped in the hole. Overshot 2. Overshot Overshot is an external catch fishing tool designed to retrieve tubular items from the well bore. Wireline Spear 7. SPIRAL GRAPPLE OVERSHOT BASKET GRAPPLE OVERSHOT 54 . Taper Tap 3. Fishing Magnet 6. Fishing Tools 1. Junk Basket 5. These are the following: 1.

Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. Taper Tap Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. The wicker thread are allowed to be embedded into the interior of the fish. Fishing Tools 2. Rotating the Grapple Spear one turn to the left will engaged the grapple and caused tapers on the mandrel to expand the grapple and bite into the fish. The grapple spear is run in and positioned inside the fish. Grapple Spear Is also an internal catch fishing tool designed to retrieve tubular members from the wellbore. 55 . Taper Tap Is an internal catch fishing tool designed to retrieve tubular members from the wellbore. Fishing Tools 3.

Fishing Tools 5. lower the magnet to the fish and rotate slightly to obtain good contact. Such items as slip. hand tools. Junk Basket Is a junk retrieval tool designed to remove all type of objects from the bottom of the well. Cut off circulation and pull out of hole. Fishing Tools 4. shavings and debris from the bottom of the wellbore. bit cones and any other pieces of junk in the well. 56 . The assembly is run in the hole and hold 6 to 12 inches above the fish. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. The finger on the upper catcher break the core when an upward strain is applied. Fishing Magnet Is a junk retrieval tool designed to effectively remove metal particles. With direct circulation the coring action on the junk proceeds until 24 inch core is cut. Circulate generously to wash away cuttings.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. This junk basket utilises reverse circulation combined with coring operations of up to 20” of core. Reduce circulation.

squeeze tools. The spear is made up and run in hole . Wireline Spear Is a junk retrieval tool designed to retrieve wireline and wire rope from the wellbore. Fishing Tools 7. perforating guns. upon reaching the wire to be retrieved the spear is lowered slowly allowing the barbs to engage the wire. Fishing Tools 6. 57 . reamer. Junk Mill Are designed to mill fish such as packers. drill pipe.Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. reamer blades and rock bits. tool joints. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. The spear is then lifted out of the hole.

9. CROWN BLOCK MAST CATLINE BOOM MONKEY BOARD STAND PIPE TUBING BOARD FLARE LINE DRILL PIPE CATWALK WATER TANK DOG HOUSE MUD TANKS MUD SACK STORAGE PIPE RACK HYDRAULIC POWER UNIT PUMPS AND HOPPER ACCUMULATOR MUD PUMP DRILLING LINE SPOOL CABLE TRAY JUNK BIN GENERATORS TYPICAL LAND RIG WAREHOUSE 58 . mud cake. and other foreign materials inside the casing wall. cement sheath. embedded bullets. Casing Scraper Is designed to remove scale. Fishing Tools 8.

TRAVELING BLOCK ROTARY HOSE TOP DRIVE DRILLING LINE DRAWWORKS MUD CLEANER SHALE SHAKER DEGASSER AGITATOR TRIP TANK MUD GUN 59 .

Asst.DRILLER’S CONSOLE ROTARY TABLE RIG FLOOR PIPE SETBACK AREA BLOWOUT PREVENTER SUBSTRUCTURE CUTTINGS CONVEYOR PIPE RAMP CHOKE MANIFOLD Line Organization of the Rig Crew Drilling Superintendent Area Manager Rig Manager Materials Man Warehouseman Safety & Training Specialist Maintenance Engineer Toolpusher Welder Rig Mechanic Electrician Driller Pipe Fitter Crane Optr. Driller Motorman Pump Tender Derrickman Rigger Driver Roughneck Helper Roustabout 60 .

•Ensure the integrity of all oilfield equipment. Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Toolpusher •Responsible for the supervision of the Rig Operation and maintain drilling equipment to the highest standard of efficiency. •Interface and coordinate with the Drilling Superintendent. •Carries out daily onsite supervision to ensure that Rig Operation meet Operator’s expectation and safety regulation. promote cleanliness and enhancing the safety of the crew. Area Manager. Crew Schedule and changes. Rig Manager. •Performs inspection. periodical inventories and scheduling of material and equipment consumption and deliveries as well as backloading if applicable.Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Rig Manager •Responsible in administering and implementing the Operator’s and Drilling Contractor’s guidelines and regulation. 61 . Supplies. Service Man and other key personnel for Drilling Program Implementation and Modification. maintaining visual aspects of oilfield site. •Responsible in administering and implementing the Operator’s and Drilling Contractor’s guidelines and regulation. •Responsible in implementing extensive job and safety training.

skidding. personnel and safety progress so as to recommend contingent action at certain level of operation to meet the standard in all occasion of the drilling program. fishing. strapping (measurement). inspection and proper storage of BOP. Rig Floor. •To secure all equipment from Mast. BHA and other drilling components and consumables throughout the cycle of operation. Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Assistant Driller •Responsible for the preparation. well flow and pressure testing etc. check and lead work force and held lecture during safety meeting. •To evaluate tour sheet. •Responsible for the Rig-Up and Rig Down of the Drilling Contractor equipment .) in conformity with the specification and regulation imposed by authorities. •Prepare tour sheet and kill sheet. tripping. drilling.Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Driller •Responsible for the manipulation and supervision of the Rig and all the in line equipment and sensors as well as proper top out (fill up) and control of the bore hole to maintain the parameters required by the Operator. Substructure to main and cellar deck during Rig Mobilization. •Responsible for the line up of valves on all manifolds or lines and for random and periodical checkup as well as serving of all equipment and assemblies in the system. well completion. 62 . •To record important dimension and implementing safety programs on various operational modes (Rig setting.

spinner. Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Roughneck •Responsible for the positioning of slips. Mud Control Devices. agitators and sensors. •Housekeeping job on pump room. 63 . •Assist roughneck at the floor. •Maintain Mud Volume and mud Properties and directed by the Mud engineer. Assistant Driller and other ranking personnel. •Assist Derrickman in some derrick itineraries. pit room etc. •To watch the shaker and other solid control equipment during circulation and drilling. •Assist serviceman to the Rig-Up and Rig-Down of their equipment. elevator and other rig equipment as directed by the Driller. •Perform housekeeping jobs and servicing equipment.Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Derrickman •Responsible for the “Monkey Board” on trips and other Derrick itineraries. cellar deck and anywhere needed. Flow line and its accessories. tongs. •To operated tuggers for lifting and lowering equipment and materials from the pipe rack to the rig floor. •Maintains Mud Pumps. •Prepare report on mixed mud and equipment Performance such as pumps.

Make a Connection To attach a joint of drill pipe onto the drill stem suspended in the wellbore to permit deepening the wellbore by the length of joint added usually 30 feet.Rig Operation Terminologies Breaking Down Unscrewing the drill stem into single joints and placing them on the pipe rack. to install tools and machinery before drilling is started. Make Hole To deepen the hole made by the bit. in contrast to normal circulation. to start the hole. Plug and Abandon To place cement plugs into the dryhole and abandon it. Break out To unscrew a section of the pipe to another. Reverse Circulation The course of drilling fluid downward through the annulus and upward through the drillstem. Run In To go into the hole with tubing. Nipple Up To assemble the Blowout Preventer Stack on the well head at the surface. This operation takes place at the completion of the well when the drill pipe will no longer be used or when changing from one size of drill pipe to another. that is. 64 . Rig Up To prepare the drilling rig for making hole. drillpipe. and so forth Slug the Pipe Pumping into the top of the drill stem a quantity of heavy mud which will cause the level of the fluid in the drill stem to fall as the drill stem is hoisted. Rig Operation Terminologies Racking Pipe The act of placing the stands of pipe in orderly arrangement in the derrick after hoisting pipe from the wellbore. Spud In To begin drilling a well.

65 .Rig Operation Terminologies Stab To guide the end of the pipe into a coupling or tool joint when making up a connection. Tearing Down The act of dismantling the rig at the completion of the well and preparing it moving to the next location.