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Planning for Smart Grid in TNB System

PECon2010 2010 IEEE Conference on Power and Energy Sunway Resort Hotel & Spa
Mohd Yusof Rakob Tenaga Nasional Berhad, Malaysia yusofr1@tnb.com.my

Contents of presentation
Introduction
Electric power utility companies in Malaysia Overview of demand supply of TNBs grid system Overview of TNBs grid system

Coal

Identifying drivers for developing smart grid Features of TNBs smart grid TNBs smart grid implementation plan Future prospects and opportunities

Powering The Nation


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Electric power utility companies in Malaysia


Peninsular Malaysia Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB)

Sabah Sabah Electricity Sendirian Berhad (SESB) (80% owned by TNB) Sarawak Sarawak Energy Berhad (SEB)

General profile of power utilities in Malaysia


TNB (P. Malaysia) SEB (Sarawak) SESB (Sabah)

Operates in Peninsular Malaysia Total generation capacity is 21,051 MW (2010) Customer is 7,593,684 Max demand: 15,072MW Gen mix (2010): 54% gas 40% coal 5.2% hydro 0.2% distillate

Operates in Sarawak Total generation capacity: 1230 MW (2009) Customer is 499,618 Max demand : 1036 MW Gen mix (2009): 53% gas 34% coal 8% hydro 5% diesel

Operates in Sabah Total generation capacity is 866.4 MW (2010) Customer is 413,983 Max demand :760 MW Gen mix (2009): 57% oil 31% gas 9% hydro 3% biomass.

NOTE: Electricity supply industry in Malaysia is a fully regulated. TNB, SEB and SESB are vertically integrated and operate along with independent power producers (IPPs).

- Trend of demand growth (2007 ~ 2010)


Weekly Peak Demand & Trough (MW) - Week Ending 14/11/2010
Peak Demand of 14,311MW

Overview Of TNB System

15,500 14,500 13,500 12,500 11,500 2009 Peak Demand: 14,245MW 2007 Peak Demand: 13,620MW 2008 Peak Demand: 14,007MW 9,500 8,500 7,500 6,500 5,500 1 Jan 3 5 Feb 7
Jul 29 31 Aug 9 Mar 11 13 Apr 15 17 May 19 21 Jun 23 25 27 33 35 Sep 37 39 41Oct 43 45Nov 47 49Dec 51

MW

10,500

2007 PD 2007 Trough

2008 PD 2008 Trough

2009 PD 2009 Trough

2010 PD 2010 Trough

NOTE: PD denotes Peak Demand

- Electricity consumption by customer type (1990~2030) Historical Forecast

Overview Of TNB System

1990

2000

2015

2025
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- Trend of power generation mix (1976~2008)


100.0% 90.0%

Overview Of TNB System

Distillate Hydroelectricity Coal

80.0%
70.0% 60.0%

50.0%
40.0% 30.0%

Oil Natural gas

20.0%
10.0% 0.0%

1976

1982

1984

1986

1990

1992

1994

1998

2000

2002

2006

2008
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1978

1980

1988

1996

2004

Overview Of TNB System


- Transmission power grid
Main Transmission Grid
500kV / 275kV / 132kV of approximately 19,000 circuit-kilometers of overhead transmission lines 780 circuit-kilometers of underground transmission cables 385 transmission substations with transformation capacity of 83,000 MVA
LANGKAWI
Kuah

PENINSULAR MALAYSIA
MAIN GRID
Kota Bharu Alor Setar

PERLIS
Chuping Kangar

PERLIS Kota Setar POWER

Coal
N
Kuala Terengganu

KEDAH
Gurun Bedong Sg. Petani Tanah Merah

PERGAU TEMENGOR BERSIA KENERING KELANTAN SG PIAH UPPER SG PIAH LOWER CHENDEROH
Kuala Kangsar Taiping Kuala Berang

PRAI POWER
PULAU PINANG
Georgetown

GELUGOR

Butterworth Bukit Tengah Kulim Junjung Bukit Tambun

KENYIR
Gua Musang

TERENGGANU

Cross - Border Interconnection


300kV HVDC P. Malaysia - Thailand (300MW) 132kV HVAC P. Malaysia - Thailand (80MW) 275kV HVAC link P. Malaysia - Singapore (450MW)

PERAK
Ipoh Papan Kampar Seri Iskandar Batu Gajah

SEGARI GB3 Ayer Tawar


Lumut

PAKA YTL
JOR WOH ODAK
Kuala Lipis Telok Kalong Dungun

JANAMANJUNG
Teluk Intan

Jerantut

PAHANG
Kuala Kubu Baru Mentakab Kg Awah Temerloh

Kuantan

SELANGOR
Kuala Selangor

Bukit Tarek Bentong

PORT KLANG CONNAUGHT BRIDGE GENTING SANYEN JIMAH

KL (E) KL (N) Shah Alam KL (S) Hicom G Banting

WILAYAH PERSEKUTUAN

SERDANG
Muadzam Shah

NEGERI SEMBILAN
Salak Seremban Tinggi Paroi Kuala Pilah Gemas Segamat Mersing

TJPS MELAKA PD POWER Kelemak Melaka POWERTEK Melaka PAHLAWAN PANGLIMA Muar

Yong Peng (E) Yong Peng (N)

JOHOR
Kluang

Batu Pahat

LEGEND 500kV line 500kV energized 275kV 275kV lineline

Skudai Pontian Kechil Gelang Patah

Johor Bahru

TG BIN

YTL PASIR GUDANG

TNBs main concerns on planning


Electricity demand growth continues 3.5% for next 10 years 2.7% for next 20 years Coal The local natural gas resources as clean fuel is depleting It will be replaced by coal, until nuclear option is available in post 2020 There are serious concerns on CO2 emission, increasing dependency on fossil sources and lack of RE, EE & DSM and increasing consumer expectations There is urgent need to increase operational efficiency i.e. there is need to increase utilisation of transmission and distribution assets and to reduce system losses
Opens opportunity for harnessing the benefits of smart grid
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Drivers for developing TNBs smart grid


Global trends

Development of smart grid is driven by 4 factors :


Ageing infrastructure (generation, transmission & distribution systems) Coal Energy crisis (energy security & costs) Financial crisis (grid reinforcement becomes unaffordable) Environmental crisis (green house gaseous)

They occur simultaneously

TNBs case; TNBs long term strategic plans

TNBs 25 years Electricity Technology Roadmap (TRM) , with a purpose of modernising electricity supply industry in Malaysia TRM focuses on 4 main goals:
Reliable and efficient delivery system Intelligent power-delivery systems Value-added electricity products and services Enhanced environmental management

The actions to go ahead is now

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TRM sets TNBs journey towards smart grid


Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2007

TNB Technology Roadmap (TRM) 1


Overview of 25-year Electricity TRM for the electricity supply industry (2004 2030) 4 themes in the TNB Electricity TRM Reliable and efficient delivery system Intelligent power-delivery systems Value-added electricity products and services Enhanced environmental management

TNB Research Technology Roadmap


Align TNB 20 years Strategic Plan and TNB TRM 1st Destination (2006-2010) 18 research programs have been created to ensure long term and progressive effort to improve the TNB power delivery system and 11 Niche Technical Services will spearhead the company towards business expansion 2nd Destination (2011-2015) 4 Advanced Research Program and 2 Specialised Technical Services have been identified

TNB Technology Roadmap 2


Technology options derived from TRM 1 Detail out action plan of chosen technology options 6 technologies identified: Improve combustion efficiency RBI IEC 61850 WAIS DNIM CRM

TNB TRM sets up the foundations and goals for near and long terms

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TNBs TRM destinations


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2030: Breakthrough Energy Conversion Technologies & Sustainable Development

2020: Smart & Intelligent Electricity Delivery Management

2015: Robust & Resilient Power Delivery System

2015: Enhanced Electricity Products & Services

2 1
2010: Reliable Electricity Supply 2010: Efficient Electricity Production & Delivery
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2004: start

Progress of foundation work so far


TECHNOLOGY IDENTIFICATION Risk Based Inspection (RBI) Condition Based Monitoring (CBM) IMPLEMENTATION STATUS Implemented (as part of TRM2) Masterplan was completed. AREA OF IMPLEMENTATION Generation Distribution

Database for power applications


Fuel quality improvement GIS for power applications Renewable Energy

Implemented (as part of TRM2)


Implemented (as part of TRM2) Implemented (as part of TRM2) Pilot demo completed. Policy is being drafted.

Distribution
TNB Fuel & TNBR Distribution TNBR; TNB-ES & planning

Environmental monitoring
Self diagnostics of power system Optimise grid-interconnection Advanced control of Transmission Eqm

Implemented.
Implemented as part of TRM2 (IEC 61850 & WAIS) On-going. Implemented as part of TRM2 (IEC 61850 & WAIS)

TNB power stations & TNBR


Transmission Transmission Transmission

Emergency confinement & restoration


Distribution SCADA New technologies for cables & joints Integrated Customer Information System

Implemented as part of TRM2 (IEC 61850 & WAIS)


Implemented at major load centres. R&D project concluded. Implemented (as part of TRM2)

Transmission
Distribution TNBR & Distribution Distribution

Digital Power Line


Advanced materials

R&D pilot demo completed


Materials laboratory set-up

TNBR
TNBR
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Conceptualising TNBs smart grid


Economic/ Financial perspective
Infrastructure & resource strategy Higher asset efficiency

Long term stakeholder value


Energy security

Environment strategy Environmental sustainability

Customer perspective

Higher supply reliability

Higher energy efficiency

Enable customers choice

Lower CO2 emission

Internal perspective

Technology enabler DMS and distribution automation AMI New resources (RE, EE, Co-gen, DER, PHEV) Active grid Test projects

Research area Control architecture ICT infrastructure Prosumer interface Active grid

Customer Management Customer information Customer engagement Customer participation Commercial frameworks

Regulations, Standards and Societal commitments Shared vision Support Collaboration

Learning & growth perspective

Human capital TNB Customer

Information capital Government & Regulator

Organisation capital Research & technology providers

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TNBs smart grid objectives


Objectives
Improving energy and asset efficiency Empowering customers Reduce CO2 emission Improving operational efficiency (i.e. higher supply reliability)

Initiatives
Distribution management system On-line condition monitoring Distribution automation Field Force Automation Geographical information system Customer information system Customer management system Advance metering infrastructure Interface with building energy management system Promote RE, EE, Co-gen, DER Facilitate to enable connection of RE, EE, Co-gen, DER Dynamic voltage/VAR control Facilitate charging of PHEV
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Support use of PHEV

TNBs smart grid project


TNB Smart Grid was embarked on November 2009. TNB has decided to implement Smart Grid Test Systems as demonstration projects. Three sites have been identified for Smart Grid Test Systems :
Bayan Lepas (North); represents industrial area Bukit Bintang (Central); represents commercial centre Medini (South); represents green field area

To drive the implementation of the Smart grid Test Systems, the TNB Smart Grid Steering Committee was formed
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Smart Grid Steering Committee

Chairman (Chief Operating Officer)

Secretariat

(System Planning)

Research

Transmission

Distribution

Corporate

ICT

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Smart Grid Steering Committee


Terms of reference (TOR)
Definition and Purpose of smart grid for TNB Functions of SGSC Roles of SGSC Membership of SGSC - G,T,D, Research, ICT & Planning Quorum requirement Agenda Items Minutes of Meeting Frequency of Meeting

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TNB Smart Grid Development Phases

Phase 1 (2010-2011)
Improving operational efficiency via automation

Phase 2 (2011-2013)
Empowering Customers Improving Energy & Network Efficiency

Phase 3 (2011-2015)
Reducing CO2 via Renewable Energy
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Smart grid implementation initiatives


Phase 1 (2010-2011)

Phase 2 (2011-2013)
Increase Customers Participation Deployment of Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)
Bidirectional exchange of usage information

Phase 3 (2011-2015)

Improve Reliability
Implementation of DA at pilot Sites Deployment of DMS modules
Fault Location, Isolation & Restoration (FLIR) State Estimator Auto Contingency Analysis Auto Feeder Reconfiguration (AFR)

Improve Energy Efficiency


Development of VAR Control
Hardware+Software

Reduce CO2 Solar PV


BIPV

Demand Side Management


Provide live information to customers Autonomous Demand Control

Energy Storage
Batteries

Improve billing Accuracy & Efficiency Improve New Connection Process

Electric Cars (PHEV) Charging stations Solar / LED Street Lightings

Development of Integrated Customer Information System


Integration of the various information systems e.g. CIBS, ERMS, CGIS, MFFA

Increase T&D asset utilization

Advanced ICT Infrastructure


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Phase 1 TNB smart grid test system: Improving reliability of supply via automation
No
1

2 3 4 5

6
7

Features Power is generated at large power stations and transmitted and distributed via T & D systems Method of locating fault Method of isolation and sectionalizing of faulty section Method of feeder reconfiguration for optimal operation Method of restoration of supply after fault is sectionalized Method of mobilization of field or repair crew Update database for management and customer information systems

Existing Grid Yes

Smart Grid Yes

Manual Manual

Automatic Automatic

Manual (not optimized) Manual Manual


Manual

Automatic
Automatic

Automatic
Automatic
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Phase 2 TNB smart grid test system: Empowering Customers


No
1
2

Features

Existing Grid

Smart Grid

Customer is aware of own energy consumption in real time


Customer has information for making decisions on changing their demand pattern (via BEMS) & gain benefits Customers have the capability to export power from RE sources back into the grid (on agreed terms)

No
Limited

Yes
Yes

No

Yes

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Phase 2 TNB smart grid test system: Improve Energy & Network Efficiency
No
1 2 3

Features TNB is ready for demand side management Automatic voltage and MVAR control and to reduce distribution system losses Utility can communicate with customers energy management system on controling customers demand pattern Higher utilization of T & D assets

Current Grid No No No

Smart Grid Yes Yes Yes

4 5

No

Yes

Peak load reduction and interruptible load could be operated smoothly

No

Yes

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Phase 3 TNB smart grid test system: Reducing CO2 emission via renewable energy, energy efficiency, co-gen, DER, etc
No Features Current Grid Smart Grid

Network is ready for penetration of renewable energy sources (solar PV), co-gen, DER, etc Network is capable to cater for bidirectional power flow Excess power generated via RE, BIPV, etc is fully taken & utilized via the grid Network is capable of meeting demand of electric cars (PHEV)

No

Yes

2 3 4

No No No

Yes Yes Yes

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Phase 1 Implementation
Six (6) activities / areas have been identified to kick start the phase 1 of Smart Grid Test Systems Planning Studies DMS/DA project AMI Project Communication project System Integration Online Condition Monitoring

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Terms of Reference Activity 1: Planning studies


Activities Purposes Tasks Establishing the distribution network for smart grid implementation To assess readiness of the network To identify components which need to be upgraded

1. To compile and draw diagram to detail out connectivity of 33kV and 11kV distribution systems related to the designated smart grid area up to the immediate transmission PMUs, year by year, from 2011 to 2015. 2. To evaluate readiness of the network by using power flow, contingency and short circuit analyses method on the related smart grid area 3. To identify the components in the network which need to be upgraded for implementing distribution automation

Deliverables

Reports for Task 1, 2 & 3 highlighting findings and recommendations 30 December 2010
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To complete by

Terms of Reference Activity 2: DMS/DA Project


Activities Purposes Implementation of Distribution Automation and Distribution Management System 1. 2. 3. Enable automatic detection, isolation and restoration of supply following a fault. Enable network optimization via load-flow and contingency analysis Enable fast response time To complete the installation and commissioning of SCADA / DA facilities for the selected substations in the pilot sites. To evaluate and implement the most effective communication technology for the SCADA in collaboration with ICT. To roll out and integrate DMS applications with existing SCADA such as (but not limited to) : Fault location, isolation and restoration of supply Balanced load flow Contingency analysis State estimator Automatic feeder reconfiguration A fully functional Distribution Automation system for the pilot sites. Progress and Completion reports for Task 1, 2 & 3 highlighting issues and recommendations

Tasks

Deliverables

1. 2.

To complete by

31 June 2011
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Terms of Reference Activity 3: Advanced Metering Infrastructures


Activities Purposes Progressive migration from RMR feature to AMI-like capability Enable irregularity and tempering detection Perform remote disconnection/re-connection Facilitate LV outage management Provide customers with consumption information for demand response

Tasks

1. To achieve 100% RMR reading capability for the existing HT/MV/LV LPC installation 2. To roll out RMR for OPC for selected areas 3. To enable GPRS communication modem for HT/MV/LV LPC RMR and RF/PLC for OPC RMR 4. To identify features for AMI that achieve the objectives above 5. To migrate from RMR to AMI and enabling the Smartgrid features

Deliverables Reports for Task 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5 highlighting findings and recommendations To complete 30 December 2012 by

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Terms of Reference Activity 5 : IT System Integration


Activities Purposes Integrating the existing system (CGIS, E-CIBS, CMC, MFFA etc) for smart grid implementation Enable data extraction/ mining from the existing systems to be used for relaying information to various parties eg control center, repair crews, customers etc

Tasks

1. To identify the features of existing system which will facilitate/compliment the implementation of smart grid 2. To evaluate readiness of existing systems to be integrated, with regard to the hardware and software and identify and propose method of system integration and associated cost estimates.

3. To implement integration of information system and assess the effectiveness.


Deliverables

Reports for Task 1, 2 & 3 highlighting findings and recommendations

To complete by

31 June 2011
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Terms of Reference Activity 6: Online Condition Monitoring


Activities Purposes Tasks Online condition monitoring of primary equipment for smart grid implementation To evaluate the effectiveness of on-line condition monitoring techniques and tools in smart grid implementation

1. To identify primary equipments which need to be monitored within the boundary of the pilot site 2. To identify and implement suitable on-line condition monitoring techniques 3. To assess the effectiveness of the implemented on-line condition monitoring tools

Deliverables

Reports for Task 1, 2 & 3 highlighting findings and recommendations


30 June 2012

To complete by

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Prospects for smart partnerships / research opportunities (a non-exhaustive list)


Control architecture
ICT infrastructure
To evaluate centralised versus de-centralised architecture considering a nation wide smart grid applications.

Prosumer interface

To identify and evaluate options for the last mile communication and information system and recommend suitable option for smart grid applications. To identify suitable information, communication and control products and services to enable consumers with greater information and control to play a part in optimising the operation of the grid system nationwide. To enable interactivity and coordination between the various level of grid control (National Control Centre, Distribution Control Centre, Substation Control Centre, Feeder Control and Prosumer).
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Active grid

Conclusions
Growing demand and limited resources while maintaining to be environment friendly impose severe pressure to TNB in its planning. Smart grid is an option towards a workable solution TNB has decided to embark on implementation of smart grid test system projects. It will be carried out in 3 phases (2010~2013) at 3 sites; Bukit Bintang in Kuala Lumpur, Bayan Lepas in Penang and Medini in Johor. TNB desires to gain valuable experience from the smart grid test systems so as to lead to successful implementation of smart grid in other parts of TNB power grid system. Research are required for some applications in order to ensure only the right technology is deployed for the purpose.
Powering The Nation
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Thank you

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DISCLAIMER All information contained herein is meant strictly for the use of this presentation only and should not be used or relied on by any party for any other purpose and without the prior written approval of TNB. The information contained herein is the property of TNB and it is privileged and confidential in nature. TNB has the sole copyright to such information and you are prohibited from disseminating, distributing, copying, reproducing, using and/or disclosing this information.

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