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# 9.

1: a)

1.50 m 2.50 m

b) c)

(14.0 cm) (128 )(π rad 180 )

6.27 cm.

9.2: a) b)

1900
(35

rev min

9.3: a) αz

dωz dt

(12.0rad s3 ) t, so at t 3.5s, α 42 rad s2. The angular acceleration

is proportional to the time, so the average angular acceleration between any two times is the arithmetic average of the angular accelerations. b) ωz (6.0 rad s 3 )t 2 , so at t 3.5s, ωz 73.5rad s. The angular velocity is not linear function of time, so the average angular velocity is not the arithmetic average or the angular velocity at the midpoint of the interval.
dωz dt

9.4: b)

a)

αz (t)

2 βt ( 1.60 rad s3 )t.

αz (3.0 s) ( 1.60 rad s3 )(3.0 s)
z

αav

ω(3.0 s) ω(0) 3.0 s

3.0 s.

which is half as large (in magnitude) as the acceleration at t

9.5: a) ωz

The acceleration is not constant, but increasing, so the angular velocity is larger than the average angular velocity.

9.6: ωz

(250 rad s) (40.0 rad s2 )t (4.50 rad s3 )t 2 , αz (40.0 rad s2 ) (9.00rad s3 )t. a) Setting ωz 0 resultsin a quadraticin t; the only positive time at which ωz 0 is t 4.23s. b) At t 4.23s, αz 78.1rad s2 . c) At t 4.23s, θ 586 rad 93.3rev. rad d) At t 0, ωz 250rad s. e) ωav z 586 138 rad s. 4.23s
dθ dt

9.7: a) ωz

2bt 3ct 2 and αz

dwz dt

2b 6ct. b) Setting αz

0, t

b 3c

.

9.8: (a) The angular acceleration is positive, since the angular velocity increases steadily from a negative value to a positive value. (b) The angular acceleration is

α

ω ω0 t

Thus it takes 3.00 seconds for the wheel to stop (ωz 0) . During this time its speed is decreasing. For the next 4.00 s its speed is increasing from 0 rad s to 8.00rad s . (c) We have

θ

0

0

t

1 2

t2

Alternatively, the average angular velocity is

9.9: a) ω θ0

200 rev, ω0 500 rev min 8.333rev s, t 30.0s, ω ? ω0 ω θ θ0 t gives ω 5.00 rev s 300 rpm 2 b) Use the information in part (a) to find α : ω ω0 t gives α 0.1111rev s2
Then ω 0, 0.1111rev s2 , ω0 8.333 rev s, t ? ω ω0 αt gives t 75.0 and θ θ0 ω0 ω t gives 2
0

312 rev

9.10: a) ωz

ω0z αzt 1.50 rad s (0.300 rad s2 )(2.50 s) 2.25 rad s. 2 2 b) θ ω0z t 1 2 αzt 2 (1.50 rad s)(2.50 s) 1 4.69 rad. 2 (0.300 rad s )(2.50 s)
(200 rev min 500 rev min) (4.00 s)
1 min 60s

rev . s2 The number of revolutions is the average angular velocity, 350 rev min, times the time
9.11: a)

1.25

interval of 0.067 min, or 23.33 rev. b) The angular velocity will decrease by another rev min 1 200 rev min in a time 200 2.67 s. 60s min 1.25rev s 2

9.12: a) Solving Eq. (9.7) for t gives t Rewriting Eq. (9.11) as θ θ0

ωz ω0 z αz
1 2

.
1 (ω ω0 z ) 2 z

t (ω0 z

αzt ) and substituting for t gives

θ θ0

ωz ω0 z αz 1

ω0 z

(ωz ω0 z )

ωz ω0 z 2

1 2 (ωz ω20 z ), 2
which when rearranged gives Eq. (9.12). b) αz
2 2 1 2 1 θ ωz ω0 z

ωz
z

9.13: a) From Eq. 9.7 , with ω0 z b ) From Eq. 9.12 , with ω0 z

0, t

24.0 s.

0, θ θ0

9.14: a) The average angular velocity is velocity is 2ωav b)
z

40.5 rad s, and so the initial angular

αz

ωz t

(9. the number of revolutions is proportional to the square of the initial angular velocity. αz ω 23. so tripling the initial angular velocity increases the number of revolutions by 9. .15: From Eq.00s easily found from θ ωav zt (70rad s)(6.25rad s2 )(4.11). 4.16: From Eq. with ω0 z 9.5 rad s. 9.00s) 420rad.17: From Eq.7). (9.0 rad (2.00s 2 140rad s z 0.0 rev.12). (9. to 9. ω0 z θ θ0 t αzt 2 60. with ωz 0.9.33rad s2 The angle is most t 6.00s) 10.

00 360 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– The θ and ωz graphs are as follows: a) b) c) .00 360 1.50 180 1.00 720 0.50 540 (b) rev's 0.3 45 (c) rev's θ 0.13 θ 11.94 338 0.03 0.28 101 0.18: The following table gives the revolutions and the angle θ through which the wheel has rotated for each instant in time and each of the three situations: t 0.05 0.20 2.75 270 0.10 0.9.50 180 1.44 158 0.15 (a) rev's θ 0.

377 m s2 2 0.068rev .430 rev s (note that since ω0 z and αz are given in terms of revolutions.7 cm.180 m/s2 0. The tangential acceleration is still 0. and a 0.418 m s2 .000 9. so arad ω2r 2 0. 400.300m 0.180 m s2 2 0.430 rev s 2π rad rev)2 (0. b)θ π 3 rad. so the diameter is more than 12.27: r arad ω2 (3000)(9.750 m 0.430rev/s 2π rad rev 2 1.180 m s2 . since atan is 9.375 m))2 ((0. . r 2. atan αr 0.01 m s.46 m s2 .25 104 rad s) 1 min 60s 1.180 m s2 and so a 0. ω 9.14) and (9.24: From arad ω2r.15).754 m s2 . and v rω 0. arad still 0.300 m 0.340 rev s) (0. 0.26: a) ωz ω0z αz t 0.200s 0. (ω2r )2 (αr )2 1 2 [((0.375m))2 9. and so on a c) For an angle of 120 .13).25: a) arad 0.80 m s 2 a 1.775 m s2 .9.7 cm.80 m s2 ) (5000 rev min) 2 rad s 30 rev min 10.20 105 rev min.25 104 rad s.180 m s2.250 rev s 0.900 rev s2 0. a a2rad a2 tan 3.377 m s2.600 rad s2 π 3 rad 0.900 rev s2 2π rad rev)(0.600 rad s2 0.2s) 0. the conversion to radians must be made to use Eq. d) Combining equations (9. (9. c) Here.50 10 2 m 1 rev 2π rad which is (1. contrary to the claim. it’s not necessary to convert to radians). b) ωav z t (0.

86 s . v 50.29: a) ωr (1250 rev min) b) v2 r ( 0.0 m s and aradr (9. arad b) From the result of part (a).30: a) α ω v 250 rad s and at t 0.0m s .0 m s ( 10. c) ωavet (325 rad s)(3.0 rad s2 b) At t 3.32: (a) vT Rω 2.31: (a) For a given radius and mass.7 m s to three figures.9.7 10 3 m 2 0.13) and (9. and arad v2 r (15.00 s. ω arad v ω2r ω2 0. ω 0. 9.7 10 3 m) 2 2 π rad s 30 rev min 12.06 103 m s2 108 g.15).7 rad s2 R 0. b) For a given radius. or 15.0 m s2 ) r (0 3. 109 m s2.831m s ) (12.400 m s2 α T 15.0 m s 2 0. c) (640 rev min) π rad s 30 rev min 0. 640rev min 2 423rev min 2.0 m s 0.200m 50.470m 2) 2 1. 640 423 1.75m s) (0.86 s after t 3.200 m) 1. the tangential speed is proportional to the angular velocity.00 m s v ωv.) 9. 9.51 (again conversion of the units of angular speed is not necessary).75 m s. or at t 7.55 cm D 2R 5.80m s2 )(0. so ω 400 rad s.831m s. the force is proportional to the square of the angular velocity. This speed will 50. d) v be reached at time atan r 50.0255 m R b) .00 cm s 7.500m s 2. 9.00 s) 975 rad 155 rev.250 rad s.29 (note that conversion to rad s is not necessary for this part).0 m s 4.40 m s 10. v 50.09 cm aT Rα a 0.28: a) Combining Equations (9.00 s) 80.5 rev 1 min 2π rad min 60 s 1 rev R 2.200 10.0 m s 1. (There are many equivalent ways to do this calculation.40 m s.00 s.470 m 2 15.

2 f .34: The distances of the masses from the axis are the moment of inertia is L L 4 4 .50 m 2 12 12 7. b) From Table 9.042 kg) (1. it can be considered slender. 2 I L m 4 2 L m 4 2 3L m 4 11 2 mL . a) From Table 9.99 cm 9.88 10 3 kg m2. and from Table 9.330 m The angular velocity of the front wheel is ωf 0.00 m s 15. 9. I 1 2 ML 3 1 0. r 0.042 kg 1. and 34L . and so from Eq.600 rev s 3.35: The moment of inertia of the cylinder is M 12 and that of each cap is m L4 .vr 5. 9.2 a .33: The angular velocity of the rear wheel is ωr 9.36: Since the rod is 500 times as long as it is wide.73 10 8 kg m2.50 m 2 3. so rrωr rf ωf rr rr ωf ωr 2. so the 2 2 moment of inertia of the combination is M 12 m 2 L2. I 1 MR2 2 1 (0.042 kg 1. the moment of inertia about the axis is obtained by considering it as a solid cylinder.77rad s Points on the chain all move at the same speed.15 rad s. 3 c) For this slender rod.2 b .15 10 2 kg m2.5 10 3 m)2 2 4.16 . 16 L 9. I 1 1 ML2 0. .

200 m from the axis.200 m)2 8. r2 70.20 10 2 kg m2.00 10 2 m2 .00 kg 2.00 kg)(0.2 2 m 2 0.00 m 2 2 0. the square of the distance from the axis is 2(0. a) The two masses through which the axis passes do not contribute to the moment of inertia.33 kg m2 1 mbarL2 mballL2 3 1 4.00 g cm3 ) π (r22 r12 ) 15.580 kg m2 2 Id I r 8.0cm.9.56 kg 1 m r 2 2.945 kg m2 2 dd (2.00 kg 2.38: (a) I Ibar I balls 1 L Mbar L2 2mballs 12 2 2 1 4.52 kg m2 (r1 50.200 m 3.2 kg) 0.39: I Id Ir (d disk.08kg 1 mr (r12 r22 ) 5. and the moment of inertia is 4(0.800 10 2 m2 ) 6.25 kg m2 9. r ring) disk : md Id ring : mr Ir I (3.500 m)2 1.200 kg) (0. so the moment of inertia is 4 0.37: a) For each mass.40 10 2 kg m2.00 m 2 12 (b) I 2.500 kg 1. 9.33 kg m2 c) I (d) I 0 because all masses are on the axis mbard 2 2mballd 2 MT otal d2 (5.500 kg 2.0 cm ) .200 kg 0.00 m 2 7. b) Each sphere is 0.032 kg m2.00 g cm3 )πrd2 23.00 m 2 3 0. 2 I 2(0.

(9. 2 12 24 min 60 s min b) From mgy K . I 2K ω2 2(0.193 kg m2 9.300m)2 3 0. when is in rev min. (9.20kg) (0. 9.44: Solving Eq.16 103 m 1. so the moment of inertia of the combination is I mrimR2 8 (1. 9.16).43: a) The units of moment of inertia are [kg][m2 ] and the units of ω are equivalent 2 2 2 to [s 1] and so the product 1 2 Iω has units equivalent to [kg m s ] [kg (m s) ] .9.40 kg) mspoke 2 R 3 8 (0. K 1.5)(48) 6.3 10 J.37 108.08 m)2 (2400 ) 1.2(a)). 11 2 2 1 rev 2π rad rev 2 mL ω (117 kg)(2.17) for I.25 10 3 kg m2 . A radian is a ratio of distances and is therefore unitless. which are the units of Joules. b) (2.025J) π rad s 2 (45 rev min 2 60 rev min) 2. (9.80 m s ) K 9. b) K π 2 Iω2 1800 .40: a) In the expression of Eq.17).16 km. . 2 mg (117 kg)(9.42: a) From Eq. with I from Table (9.3 106 J y 1. each term will have the mass multiplied by f 3 and the distance multiplied by f .41: Each of the eight spokes may be treated as a slender rod about an axis through an end. and so the moment of inertia is multiplied by 5 f 3 ( f )2 f 5.

or P 2g 1 ω v2 2g L (40.9.0 kg)(1. 2(9. .17) 2 11 MRarad 22 (70. where L is the length of the rope. and solving for I. (9. (9. the kinetic energy of the cylinder is larger.80 m s2 )(5. PL 1ω 2 v . 1 M m b) This expression is smaller than that for the solid cylinder. Combining with I 1 MR2 .00 m s)2 14. so for a given speed. Combining Equations (9. (9. I 2 2 K2 K1 2 (ω2 ω12 ) ( 500 J) rad s ((520 rev min)2 (650 rev min)2 ) 30 rev min 2 0. with expression for v is v 2gh .17). 9. K2 K 1 2 2 I (ω2 ω12 ).48: a) With I MR2 . more of the cylinder’s mass is concentrated at its edge.17). and so less is available for the falling mass. A larger fraction of the potential energy is converted to the kinetic energy of the cylinder.46: The work done on the cylinder is PL. 9.00 m) 9.13) and the expression for I from Table (9.0 N)(6.45: From Eq. Eq. ω2 becomes K a rad R .20 m)(3500 m s)2 4 7.600 kg m2 .2(g)).35 104 J.7 N.47: Expressing ω in terms of αrad.

dK dt c) 2 2 ( 4 2 I T 3 ) dT dt .0 kg m2 ) (1. 4 3 . 2 4 2 MR2 Md2 . 3 9.50: The center of mass has fallen half of the length of the rope. which gives 1 1 a2 b2 . so I P 2MR2.52: In Eq.9.80 m s2 )(10.516)R.so Ι Ι 1 12 Μ a2 b2 1 Μ a2 b2 12 2 2 Μ (a (b 2) 2 ) .80 m s 2 )(0.53: 2 MR2 3 9.17) becomes K 2 2 I T 2. or Ι Μ a2 b2 .2 J.0 kg m2 ) (1.55: Ιp Ιcm md2. b) Differentiating the expression found in part (a) with respect to T.5 s) 2 2 70.54: Using the parallel-axis theorem to find the moment of inertia of a thin rod about an axis through its end and perpendicular to the rod. or 70 to two figures. Ip Icm Md 2 M 2 L L M 12 2 2 M 2 L.5 s)3 )(0. 9.51: (120 kg)(9. and the axis comes nearest to the center of 5 15 the sphere at a distance d (2 15)R (0. (9.00 kg)(9. d) ( 4 (8.56 W.0060) 9. (8.700 m) 823 J.0 m) 2 147 J. (9. 9. 0.49: a) ω 2 T . so d 2 R .19). Icm MR2 and d R2 . so the change in gravitational potential energy is 1 mgL 2 1 (3. 9. so Eq.

Ιcm M 12 L2 and d L 2 h . 9.13. and the mass Μ πLρR2. The result is 2 Ι 1 2 ΜR .19 . 3 which is the same as found in Example 9. 9. so L h 2 2 1 2 Ιp Μ L 12 Μ 1 2 1 2 L L Lh h2 12 4 1 Μ L2 Lh h2 . 9. as given in Table 9.58: The analysis is identical to that of Example 9. 3 . with the lower limit in the integral being zero and the upper limit being R.56: a) Ι 1 12 Μa2 b) Ι 1 12 Μb2 9.9.2(f) .57: In Eq.59: With dm M L dx L Ι M x dx L 0 2 M x3 L 30 L M 2 L.12.

ω is    perpendicular to v . dm L dx. by the right-hand rule. L a) b) Μ L dm 2 x2 γx dx γ 20 0 L yL2 2 Μ 2 Ι x4 x (γx)dx γ 40 0 γL4 4 L2 . 4 9. since the mass density is greater further away from the axis than nearer the axis. ω will be out of the page.   where the fact that ω and r are perpendicular has been used to eliminate their dot product.61: a) For a clockwise rotation. and from the right-hand rule. This is larger than the moment of inertia of a uniform rod of the same mass and length. reflecting the fact that more of the mass is concentrated at the right end. ω and r are    perpendicular.9. b ) The upward direction   crossed into the radial direction is. counterclockwise. the  direction of arad. so the magnitude of ω r is ωr v.       arad ω v ω ω r       ωω r r ω ω 2 r. L c) Ι 0 ( L x)2 γxdx L ( L2 x 2Lx2 x3 )dx 0 x2 x3 L 2L 2 3 2 x4 4 L 0 L 12 M 2 L. and so ω v has magnitude ωv arad. 6 This is a third of the result of part (b). c) Geometrically.  . Algebraically.60: For this case. the upward direction crossed into the counterclockwise direction is inward.

this is the same as for 60 mph with correct tires.9 yr 9. 0.35m s r 10 in. earth must go through 60 more than Mars: θE θM 60 wEt ωMt 60 60 t ωE ωM 360 360 wE and wM 1yr 1. 2 tan β so 1 2 tanβ 1 2 tan36.381m v rω (0. 2θ 0.9yr 60 365d t 360 360 0.254m v ω 88. . 0. 0.9 atan arad αr ω2r αr 2 αθ r 1 .15).5 m s 75 mph c) v 50 mph 22.62: For planetary alignment.82 m s 128 d r 12in.3048m v ω 88. and so arad b) Denoting the angle that the acceleration vector makes with the radial direction as β .352yr 1yr 1yr 1.14) and (9.666 rad. 2α .64: a) For constant angular acceleration θ ω ω2r 2αθr.0 rad s 14. and using Equations (9.0 rad s. . 9.0 rad s) 33.381m)(88.63: a) v 60mph 26.0 rev s 840rpm r b) same ω as in part (a) since speedomete r readssame r 15 in.9. so r speedometer read 60 mph.

0.3).50 rad/s3 2 2.50 rad s3 )t 2. 2 β 3 t (0. 9.25 rad/s3 ) 2γ The maximum angular displacement occurs when ωz 0.20 rad/s 1.13 s. ωz 2 (0. c) 2K I 652 rad s.5) and (9.80 rad/s2 )t (0. 2γ 6 β t (6. the angular 1 (1. and θ (0) is not a maximum) and the angular displacement at this time is γ γ β β γ 2 β 2 1 γ2 2β θ 2 2 2 β 2 6 β 3 2 3 2 (1. z γt γ 2 t 2 θ β 2 t (1.80 rad/s2 )2 6.2 rad. .65: a) ωz b) αz d dt dwz dt 2γt 3βt 2 (6.51 J. so the actual speed of the car would be 35 km h 9. which occurs at (3. and at this time ωz (2γ)(γ / 3β) (3β)(γ / 3β)2 γ2 / 3β 9.00 rad/s3 )t.66: a) By successively integrating Equations (9.90 rad/s2 )t 2 (0.500 rad/s3 ) t γ 3β 3.67: a) The scale factor is 20.80 rad/s2 )3 = 3 β 2 3 (0.042 rad/s3 )t 3.40 rad/s2 ) (3.40 rad s2 )t (1.125 rad/s3 )t 2 .20 rad/s2 )2 6.48 rad/s. 6 b) The maximum positive angular velocity occurs when αz velocity at this time is 0. c) An extreme of angular velocity occurs when z 0. at time t (t = 0 is an β inflection point. t γ . 3(0.25 rad/s3 )2 62.9.72 m s b) (1 2)mv2 8.83rad/s.

9 . the J 800 W.00m s 2 60.9.0 kg m2 rad s 30 rev min 2 b) At the initial speed.00s . r (0. if this is to be done is 5. b) αt (0. 2( 4000 J ) 16. and the magnitude of the force is F ma (1240 kg)(6. ω2 ω12 2W I 2 (300 rev min) 211rev min.40 arctan 5 3.18 m s2 ) 7. e) a a2rad a2tan f) arctan arad atan .300 rad s)2 (60. the 4000 J will be recovered. 9.300 rad s. power must be 4000 5.66 kN.69: a) Expressing angular frequencies in units of revolutions per minute may be accomodated by changing the units of the dynamic quantities.40 m s2 )2 (3.18 m s2 .40m s2 .00s) 0. specifically.00 60.00 s.68: a) α c) arad d) atan r 2 3.0m) 5.050 rad s2 .00 m s2 )2 6.0 m 0. (5.05rad s2 )(6.

a) (2(3450 rev min)) 2 rad s 30 rev min 0. arad (1.208 m 2 2 75.9.93 m s2 . must have twice the angular velocity. d) arad 2 R (2g R)(1 cos β)R (2g)(1 cos β). where is the angle from the vertical at release. b) ω v r 1.8 rad s.71: a) (60. c) arad is directed toward the center.45 10 2 m) 1.696 m s. The speed.1 m s. . 9. so the force holding sawdust on the blade would have to be about 5500 times as strong as gravity.0 rev s)(2π rad rev)(0. 9.25 rad s2 ) (2.80 m s2 ) (1 cos 36.25 rad s. from energy considerations.9 ) 1. which is at the bottom of the circle. b) arad r rad s 2(3450 rev min) 30 rev min 0. is v 2gh 2gR(1 cos ).50 m) b) will again be 0 when the meatball again passes through the lowest point. and v R 2g (1 cos ) R 2(9.50 m) 3.72: The second pulley.43 104 m s2 . with half the diameter of the first.70: a) The angular acceleration will be zero when the speed is a maximum. (2. independent of R. and arad ω2 R.208 m 2 5.00 10 2 m 84. and this is the angular velocity of the saw blade.696 m s 2.

208 kg m2.9.73: a) arad 2 r 2 0 r ( 2 2 0 )r 0 0 0 r 0 t [2 ( b) From the above.00 m s ) /(0. ( 0 )t r )r.00 m s 2 .0 m s2 25.20 m)4 20 kg m2 3 5 0. K 1 2 ωI 2 1 2 ω I 2 0 1 [α][2 θ]I 2 I . I K (45.70 kgm2 .0 m s2 ) 2(15.74: I I wood Ilead mw mL I 2 2 mw R2 m R2 5 3 L 4 ρwVw ρw πR3 3 σ L AL σ L4π R2 2 4 2 ρ w π R3 R 2 ( 5 3 3 L 4 π R2 ) R2 8 4 ρw R πR σL 3 5 8 (800 kg m3 )(0. αr arad 2 θ (85. d) Using the result of part (c).0 rad) 2.0 J) 0. c) Similar to the derivation of part (a).250 m))(15. 2 ((2.0rad) 9.20 m) (0.0 J 20.

100 m is the Ι thickness of the flywheel) 1 2 1 mR ρπtR4 2 2 R (2I ρπt)1 4 3.160kg)(0.9 kg m2 9.0 rpm 9. 1 2 1 mL 2 (0.30 m (radius 0. Ι B 3 mR a) has the smallest moment of inertia because. length 1.15m)2 2 0.2).68 m.7 m. each 25 cm long.425rad s)2 m ρV ρπR2t ( ρ 7800 kg m3 is the density of iron and t=0.67 10 kg m2 2 9.252 105 kg m2 2 ω2 ( 9. from Table (9. .9.75: I approximate my body as a vertical cylinder with mass 80 kg. diameter 7. the sphere would replace the disk as having the smallest moment of inertia.36 m b) ac Rω2 327m s2 2 2 9.76: Treat the V like two thin 0.425 rad s 1 2 2K 2(10. I A 1 Object A mR2 and ΙC 2 2 mR .0 106 J) K Ιω so Ι 2. b) Conversely.77: a) 90.250 m)2 3 3 3 6. its mass is the most concentrated near its axis.78: Quantitatively. and diameter 0.160 kg bars. object B’s mass is concentrated and farthest from its axis. c) Because Ιsphere 2 5 mR2 .15 m) I 1 2 mR 2 1 (80 kg) (0. of the three objects.

97 1024 kg)(1.50. more of the Earth’s mass must be concentrated near its center. c) Since the Earth’s moment on inertia is less than that of a uniform sphere.80: Using energy considerations.38 106 m)2 (86. mgR. K b) 2π 2 Ι T2 1 2πR M 2 T 2π 2 (0. 3R .79: a) See Exercise 9. the system gains as kinetic energy the lost potential energy. 2π 2 (5.14 1029 J. and 3R 4g . K 1 m(ωR)2 2 1 (Ι mR2 ) 2 2 ω2 4g .66 1033 J. The kinetic energy is Using Ι 1 2 1 2 1 2 Ιω mv Ιω 2 2 2 2 1 2 mR and solving for ω. 9.3308)(5.9.156 107 s)2 2.97 1024 kg)(6. 164 s)2 2 2.50 1011 m)2 (3.

The strip has area x dy and the area of the sign is 1 bh.81: a) Consider a small strip of width dy and a distance y below the top of the triangle. so the mass of the strip is 2 dm M 1 2 xdy bh M yb 2 dy h bh 2M y dy h2 2Mb2 3 y dy 3h4 h 2Mb2 h 3 2Mb2 1 4 h I dI y dy y |0 0 3h 4 0 3h 4 4 2 2. The length of the strip is x y h b.00 rev s 4.304 kg m2 b) I 1 6 Mb ω 2.9.00π rad s 2 K 1 182 J 2 Iω dI 1 3 dm x2 1 2 Mb 6 .

b) The kinetic energy of the stick 2k I 2k ML2 3 2(0.160 kg 1. 9.92 kg m2 The boss’s wheel is physically impossible.51 rad s 2 0. Note that ω is independent K MgL 2.8 J The wheel must have the “missing” 56.00 kg 9. c) v L 5. The wheel with the largest possible moment of inertia would have all this mass concentrated in its rim.6 kg. and so the angular velocity is 0.8 J 13. The change in its potential energy while 2 mv 2 8. .42 rad s 1. This result may also be found by using the algebraic form for the kinetic energy.51rad/s 0.500 m 9.622 kg m2 (b) The wheel’s mass is 280 N 9.83: a) 0.00m 5.80 m s2 is 0. Its moment of inertia would be I MR2 28.6kg 0.370m 2 3. Since its outer rim is moving at the same speed as the falling mass. This is 2 3 of the result of part (c).00 m is 2 2 1 KE 1 100 J.784 J. therefore I 2KE 2 2 56.00 kg 5.6224 kg m2 or 0.8 J in the form of rotational KE.42 rad s.00 m 156.370m . giving the same result.00 m s : v r v r KE 1 I 2 2 5.42 m s d) 2gL 4.43 m s .8 m s2 = 28.160 kg 0. 3g L .8 m/s2 2.82: (a) The kinetic energy of the falling mass after 2. 5. from which of the mass.00 m/s falling is mgh 8.00 m 2 3 5.784J) 0.9.784 J.00m/s 13.

In terms of the common speed v of the blocks. Setting the kinetic energy equal to the work done and solving for the speed v. every part of the rope is moving with speed 0 R. and when the rope has unwound. and so the total kinetic energy of the system is gd mB terms of the speed v of the blocks. have been used. M 4 Solving for gives m 2 R 2 2 0 M 4 2 ω0 m 2 R 2 2 mgπ R. v 2gd mB k mA . mA mB I R2 9.00 m 98.86: The gravitational potential energy which has become kinetic energy is K 4. In KmA gd.80 m s2 5.85: In descending a distance d.84: Taking the zero of gravitational potential energy to be at the axle.160m) 2 Solving for v gives v 98.81m s.When the rope has unwound.00 kg 2.4kg 2 v 2 (12. using I (1 2)MR2 for a uniform cylinder.0 J. From conservation of energy. 2.480kg m2 ) 1 v 2 4. where ω v R. and condition that the rope not slip. gravity has done work mB gd and friction has done work μKmA . since the length of the rope is 2 R and half this distance is the position of the center of the mass. the kinetic energy is K 1 m mB v 2 2 A 1 I 2 2 1 m mB 2 A I R2 v 2 . and the cylinder has angular speed . 9. the kinetic energy of the system is 1 1 v K (m1 m2 )v2 I 2 2 R (0. its center of mass is a distance R below the axle.0 J 12. .00 kg 2. M 2m R. the initial potential energy is zero (the rope is wrapped in a circle with center on the axle).00 kg 2 (0.4 kg). ω and the speed of any part of the rope is v 4πmg R . Initially. the speed of the rope is R (the upper end of the rope has the same tangential speed at the edge of the cylinder).00 kg 9.9.

the disk combination must be moving faster.40 m s. with R2 instead of R1 gives v 4. Pave 1.025m)2 )) 3. . the disk combination will have a larger fraction of the kinetic energy with the string of the larger radius. 9.87: The moment of inertia of the hoop about the nail is 2 MR 2 (see Exercise 9.00 107 J 1075 s. K from which ω 1 2 Iω 2 Mω2 R2 MgR(1 cos ).25 10 3 kg m2 . and so theexpressionfor v becomes v 2gh 1 ( I mR2 ) 2(9. v R1 . b) See Example 9.88: a) K 1 2 Iω 2 1 1 2π rad s (1000kg)(0. because for a given total energy. and the initial potential energy with respect to the center of the loop when its center is directly below the nail is gR (1 cos β). 2 b) K 2.00 107 J.80kg)(2.95 m s.50 10 2 m)2 (1.00 10 2 m)2 ) 2 2.86 104 W which is about 18 min.00 m) (1 ((2. ( g R)(1 cos ).90m)2 3000rev min 2 2 60 rev min 2.80 m s2 )(2.52). This does make sense.60kg)(5.9. From the work-energy theorem.9. c) The same calculation. In this case. 9.50 kg)(0. and with this larger fraction.89: a) 1 M1R12 2 1 2 M2 R2 2 1 ((0.25 10 3 kg m2 ) (1.

so its total energy is not conserved.9. 9. Take y 0 at lowest point of the mass. . I 2 . the tension in the string did work on the mass.0 kg 2 For the cylinder. I 1 v R.9. wherem 12.67 rad s K 1 2I v R so 2K I 10. b) Considering the system as a whole.0 kg)(0.23 m 2g 2m mgh 1 2 1 2 mv2 2 1 4 Mv2.90: a) In the case that no energy is lost.0m s Use conservation of energy K1 U1 K2 U2 . some of the initial potential energy of the mass went into the kinetic energy of the cylinder. so 1 2 MR and 2I 2 2 1 mgh 1 2 mv 4 Mv v2 M h 1 7.91: We can use Κ (cylinder) 250 J to find for the cylinder and v for the mass. K1 U2 0 so U1 K2. the distance the mass descends.1125kg m2 66. Considering the mass alone. h 1 M 2m .150m)2 0. so y2 0 and y1 h. Ι 1 2 MR2 2 1 2 (10. and with the form for h given in Example 9. the rebound height h is related to the speed υ2 h v by h 2 g .

50 kg 1 4 (7.92: Energy conservation: Loss of PE of box equals gain in KE of system. mboxgh ωpulley 1 1 2 2 mboxvbox I pulleyωpulley 2 2 1 2 I cylinder ωcylinder 2 vBox vBox and ωcylinder rp rcylinder 2 1 2 mB gh mBvB 2 1 1 mPrp2 2 2 1 1 m r2 2 2 CC vB rp vB rC 2 mB gh vB 1 m v2 2 B B 1 1 2 mPvB m v2 4 4 C B mB gh 1 1 1 2 mB 4 mp 4 mC 3. The piece punched has a mass of M 16 and a moment of inertia with respect to the axis of the original disk of M 1 R 16 2 4 2 R 2 2 9 MR2 . 512 The moment of inertia of the remaining piece is then I 1 MR2 2 1 2 9 MR2 512 247 MR2 .68 m s (3.50m) 1.93: a) The initial moment of inertia is I 0 1 2 MR . 512 383 512 b) I 1 2 MR2 M (R / 2) 2 (M /16)(R / 4) 2 MR2 .9. .00 kg) 2 9.00 kg)(9.80m s2 )(1.

05)L. will have the same moment of inertia about those axes. The total moment of inertia is the sum of the contributions from the four sides.2). which is M 1 2 (R and so I x Iy M 4 (R12 R2 2 ). the moment of inertia is IP (2 5)MR2 ML2 .17) is xi 2 2 yi 2 . (9. I y . each element ri in Eq.05)2 is 0.001. The moment of inertia of each side about the axis through the center of the square is. I Since I0 I x I y . both perpendicular to the washer’s axis. If R = (0. Ma 48 4 2 12 . or 4 Ma2 12 Ma2 3 . and so IO i mi ri 2 i mi ( xi 2 yi 2 ) i mi xi 2 i mi yi 2 Ix Iy. both Ix and I y must be 12 1 12 c) From Table (9. b) Two perpendicular axes. the difference is (2 5)(0. from the 2 Ma2 M a 2 perpendicular axis theorem. .33% when mrod (0. and I x 9.01)M . which 9. 2 m(L 2 L2 ) 1 6 mL . 0. b) (Irod ML2 ) (mrod 3M ). 1 mL2 .95: a) With respect to O.94: a) From the parallel-axis theorem.9. that they will sum to the moment of inertia about the washer axis. and the perpendicular-axis theorem predicts 2 R22 ). and the moment of inertia of each side about 2 Ma 1 M 2 an axis perpendicular to the side and through its center is 12 4 a 48 . and IP ML2 1 2 5 R L 2 .96: Each side has length a and mass M 4 .

and is comparable to nuclear mass densities.9.09 1038 kg m2 . solving for the moment of Ι ΡΤ 3 1 4π dΤ dt (5 1031 W)(0.9 1017 kg m3 .22 10 s 5(1.9 106 m s 6. and the mass of shell is dm 2π rLρ dr 2π α Lr2dr.08 1038 kg m2 ) 2(1.98: a) From Exercise 9. and consider thin cylindrical shells of thickness dr and radius r.3 10 3 c.9 103 m. .0331s) Μ V Μ (4 3)R3 6.97: Introduce the auxiliary variable L. as with a thin shell with I MR2 . 2 13 4π 4. about10 km.49. d) which is much higher than the density of ordinary rock by 14 orders of magnitude.4)(1. the length of the cylinder. 5 b) This is less than the moment of inertia if all the mass were concentrated at the edge. b) R 5Ι 2Μ c) 2πR Τ 2 (9. (0.9 103 m) 1. as expected.99 1030 kg) 9. the cross-sectional area of such a shell is 2 r dr. The total mass of the cylinder is then M dm 2π L R 2 0 R3 r dr 2π L 3 R 4 o and the moment of inertia is I r 2dm 2π L r dr 2π L R5 5 3 MR2. and is greater than that for a uniform cylinder with 2 I 1 2 MR . 4π 2 Ι dΤ Τ 3 dt . 9. the rate of energy loss is inertia I in termsof the power P.0331s)3 1s 1.

c) A similar calculation.100: Following the procedure used in Example 9. Then. themassis 1 3 R hand so Ι 3 π R2 h 2 R 10 3 3 ΜR2 . Ι dΙ πρ R4 h 4 πρ R4 5 z dz z 2 h 0 10 h4 1 3 h 0 1 πρR4h .334MR2.02 1022 kg m2 0.97 1024 kg. the moment of inertia of a uniform sphere in terms of the 5 2 mass density is I 5 and so the difference in the moments of inertia of ΜR2 8 15 ρR . gives M 5. b) A rather tedious calculation.99: a) Following the hint.9. summing the product of the densities times the difference in the fifth powers of the radii that bound the regions and multiplying by 8 15. 10 . two spheres with the same density but different radii R2 and R1 is Ι 5 ρ(8π 15)(R2 R15 ). 9. 10 The volume of a right circular cone is V 2 R2h. gives I 8. dm πρ h 2 z dz and dΙ 2 h 4 z dz. summing the product of the densities times the difference in the cubes of the radii that bound the regions and multiplying by 4 3.14 (and using z as the coordinate πρ R 4 4 R2 2 along the vertical axis) r(z) z R h .

d) r0 25.25 m/s 4440s 25. so β 1. b) Setting s vt r0 2 2 θ(t) 1 r02 2 βvt r0 .55 μm rev 1 rev 2π rad 0. The total angle turned in 74.0 10 3 m 2 25. The positive solution is 2 2 . It is crucial that θ is measured in radians.0 mm. ωz (t ) d dt dθ dt v r02 2 βvt . 2 vt The angular acceleration z is not constant.101: a) ds r d r0 d d . to values of r smaller than r0 . z r02 v2 32.9.0 10 3 m which is 2.47 10 7 m/rad 1. e) . so s( ) r0 gives a quadratic in θ .247 μm rad.47 10 7 m/rad 1. (The negative solution would be going backwards.13 104 rev.) c) Differentiating.337 105 rad 2 2.0 min = 4440 s is θ 1 2.