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STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION - API 650 1 .

0 DESIGN CODE & SPECIFICATION DESIGN CODE TANK Item number Roof ( Open/Close ) Type of roof ( Cone-roof / Dome-roof / Flat-roof / NA ) GEOMETRIC DATA Inside diameter , Di ( corroded ) (@ 39,000 mm ) Nominal diameter, Dn ( new ) ( based on 1st shell course ) Nominal diameter, Dc ( corroded ) ( based on 1st shell course ) Tank height (tan/tan), H Specific gravity of operating liquid , S.G. (Actual) Specific gravity of operating liquid , S.G. (Design) Nominal capacity , V Maximum design liquid level, HL PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE Design pressure : Upper , Pu : Lower , Pl Design temperature : Upper , Tu : Lower , Tl MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Component Material Tensile Stress St(N/mm²) 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 448.00 Yield Stress Sy(N/mm²) 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 241.00 Corrosion Allowance c.a.(mm) 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.00 3.00 3.00

: API 650 11th Edition

1 .1

: 7061T-3901 : Close : Floating Roof

1 .2

= = = = = = = =

39,006 39,028 39,031 20,700 0.790 1.00 24736 20,700

mm mm mm mm

m³ mm

1 .3

(Atmospheric) = = = =

0.00 0.00 70 -17

mbarg mbarg Vac °C °C

1 .4

PLATE Shell Plate

( Mat'l Code # 1 ) (bot) ( Mat'l Code # 2 ) (top)

Annular Plate Bottom Plate Roof Plate STRUCTURE MEMBERS Roof structure (rafter,bracing,etc ) Top Curb Angle Intermediate Wind Girder

A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR. 65N

75 180.43 13. (mm) t.00 O.04 21. O.00 3.00 11. (mm) Result A 516 GR.0.K.hydo & min.67 160. of t.500 6.40 21.51. thickness as per PTS.3 SPECIFIED MINIMUM SHELL THICKNESS Specification Minimum thickness as per API 650 cl 5. tensile min.440 2.75 180.a (mm) 3.6.K. O. O.500 mm 2 .01.380 10.00 mm 2 .440 2.040 2. .0 2 .00 16.00 448.2 .00 241.00 3. 65N A 516 GR.940 8.75 180.440 2. O.31 clause 6. yield reduction fac design hydro.40 21. t. 65N A 516 GR.67 160.020 2.820 13.67 160. allow Max.10 3. 65N A 516 GR.000 1. 65N A 516 GR.00 25.67 160.2 No Corrosion allowance c.5 No.67 180.00 3.67 160.49 18. 65N A 516 GR.75 180.440 mm 1.K.3 MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Material used Specified Specified Yield stress Max.9Dn ( H .a Sd Hydrostatic test shell thickness .design.00 241.000 160.77 9.1 ) SI METRIC UNIT :Design shell thickness.6. O.96 1.020 27.58 15.00 448.00 448.00 13.9Dc ( [H+Hi] .00 241.67 160.4 SHELL THICKNESS CALCULATION BY ONE-FOOT METHOD ( CLAUSE 5.hydro. ( in mm ) 4. width as per PTS 34.00 448.000 1.test stress stress ( App.00 3.75 - : : 2.00 241.00 11.68 6.K.00 241. O.440 2.00 3. 65N A 516 GR.1.67 160.75 180.30 24.000 1.00 448.67 160.260 15. M ) stress stress St (N/mm²) Sy (Nmm²) k Sd (N/mm²) St (N/mm²) 448.700 18.01.00 241.00 1.00 11.00 448.67 12.75 180.440 2.020 2.design (mm) t.440 2.00 241.86 7. 65N A 516 GR.K. allow min.1 SHELL THICKNESS CALCULATION BY ONE-FOOT METHOD SHELL DESIGN GEOMETRIC DATA Plate size used Shell plate min.00 11. 65N A 516 GR.58 15.K.000 1.min (mm) tsc.0.K.77 11.75 180. 65N A 516 GR.02 16.3 ) tt = St Gravitational force = 9.30 24.85 11.00 3.K.3.00 448. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 CALCULATION & RESULTS Material Width (mm) Height (mm) t.3 ).00 241. 65N A 516 GR.45 5. 65N A 516 GR. 65N A 516 GR.67 12.26 8.00 3.000 1. tsc = Thicknes selected & used 2 .1 Minimum thickness as per PTS 34.75 180.00 448.min = Min. 65N 2. 65N A 516 GR.G td = + c.K. 65N A 516 GR.60 19.00 22.020 20.060 4. Mat'l Code No.000 1. ( in mm ) 4. O.000 1.00 241.00 19.00 mm = 11. 65N - 2 . O.00 28.31 : API 650 11th Edition = 8.00 - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A 516 GR.81 m/s t.49 18.82 27. 65N A 516 GR.00 3. 65N A 516 GR.000 1.00 11.51.

700 18. allowable stress at shell course.00 13.58 15.94 2.53 16.378.225.378. (mm) H' (mm) H' max (mm) ∆H (mm) P'max N/m² Pmax N/m² 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20.591.700 18. liquid head for tsc.016.06 11.025.00 11.500 6.87 29.025.77 11.060 4.00 25.470.040 2.67 12.43 7.43 5.18 3.6 No.591.952.260 15.016.82 9. Max.00 28.952.940 8.165.746.30 366.41 5.00 22.020 H' = H' max = P'max = Pmax = 27.00 11.29 4.00 11.025.060 4.00 19.00 11.820 13.07 Effective liquid head at design pressure Max.40 21.820 13.53 446.020 21.43 5005.786.287.59 965.803.500 6.2 .470.29 4.07 49.103.803.940 8.77 526.06 2.380 10.705.43 2985.82 9.27 5. MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE STRESS Height (mm) t.49 18.00 16.82 8. Max. allowable stress for tsc. .266.260 15.00 11.94 2.06 2.380 10.82 205.43 7.18 3.00 20.165.30 24.41 5.59 7.040 2.77 18.287.min (mm) tsc.43 606.87 29.016.82 2.06 285.30 13.306.

000 mm 20.5.70 m 1.00 mm 9.1 3.3 .000 mm 6. SG ) where = Annular plate thickness ta HL = Maximum design liquid level SG = Design specific gravity (v) Min.00 = = 28.00 mm Min. 5.00 mm mm c.7) (iii) Min. = = = = = = = 13.00 mm 139.00 mm 9.5) Min.5.2) 215 ta La = 0.00 mm c. width projected outside of shell ( cl.1. Dn ( new ) ( based on 1st shell course ) H = Design liquid level tsc1 = Nominal thickness of 1st shell course Annular plate thickness ( As per Table 5-1a ) Minimum thickness required (@ 3.4. 5.3) St = tsc1 where Dn = Nominal diameter.5.028 m 20.33 N/mm² = = = = = 39. 5. radial width of annular plate (cl. ) mm (ta) is satisfactory. use thickness of 16.5. width projected inside of shell to edge of overlapping (cl. width of overlapping (cl. 4. shell-to-bottom fillet welds size (cl.00 mm 600 mm 756.00 50 mm (ii) Min. tsc1 Hydro.1. use thickness of (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) : yes (@ API 650 Clause 5.9Dn(H-0.5 (HL.3. 5. test stress in 1st shell course. 5.4.00 mm (tb) is = = satisfactory.09 mm 16.0 BOTTOM & ANNULAR PLATE DESIGN BOTTOM PLATE & ANNULAR PLATE DESIGN Annular plate used ? ( yes/no ) BOTTOM PLATE (i) Minimum thickness as per Minimum thickness required Therefore.a.2) (iv) Min. == = = 6. width of plate (cl.1) - mm 25 mm 1800 mm 50 mm ANNULAR PLATE (i) Nominal thickness of 1st shell course. 5.700 m 28.2) .a ) 9.00 Therefore .

00 mm mm = 128 mm 3 A Y AY h A.655.1. 1000 mm MINIMUM REQUIREMENT Minimum required size as per API 650 clause 5.2 > Zmin .Z min MEMBER SIZE USED FOR TOP CURB ANGLE Actual size for top curb angle Section modulus. top curn angle shall be provided. Za = 2.61141 385062615 10. L2 Toe plate length. t3 Min.662 mm³ Since Za > Zmin . therefore the angle size selected is satisfactory.3. L = Since L is > 600mm from top of tank. top curb angle is required. Za Since Za 4 .tsc. shell thickness where top wind girder located.2 Section modulus.7 m 140.4 8380 mm 3 = 75 x 75x 10 = satisfactory.Girder Web plate length. Ix-x = 1.cor tsc.1114101 1932482.140 mm³ 39.ROOF TO SHELL JUNCTION CALCULATION 4 .375. Location of top wind girders from top of tank.39 ######### 20.00 8192 433.031 m 20. therefore the angle size selected is = = 76 x 76 x 6. C1 = 438 mm 4 Moment of inertia of section .1.878.1 DESIGN OF OPEN ROOF TANK .cor C1 D= 39037 : T 825 x 250 x 8 x 10 = 825 mm = 250 mm = 8 mm = 10 mm = 8.cor = 8.162. 13500 mm 3 TOP WIND GIRDER The required minimum section modulus of the stiffening ring shall be as follows:Z= where Dc H2 V Dc².007.00 km/hr = Nominal Tank Diameter = Height of tank shell = Wind Velocity MEMBER SIZE USED FOR TOP WIND GIDER Available section modulus Fabricated Tee.00 2.5 2775300 17.H2 17 V 190 2 = = = = = 1007 cm³ 1.500 838.833 TOTAL 11.148 4.9. t2 Toe plate thk.00 mm 10 mm X 2 8 250 mm 1 X 825 mm L1=16.h² I = (bd³)/12 (mm²) (mm) (mm³) (mm) (mm4) (mm4) 1 2048 4.000 400.TOP STIFFENER RING TOP CURB ANGLE If the top wind girder is located 600 mm below top of the tank. tsc. L3 Web plate thk.1 4 .506 Neutral axis of combined section.148. .492 ######### 374.923 2 6600 420.161 mm Section modulus available.095.4 374343750 3 2.

5 .7.020 9 8.00 2. L1 = 4615 mm L2 = .230 mm 5 .00 2.mm L5 = .9.00 km/hr ts.cor = Top shell course thickness Dc = Nominal tank diameter V = Wind design speed LOCATION OF INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS Shell Shell Actual Transposed course thickness width width tsc.cor) where ts.00 2.020 10 11 12 13 14 15 Height of transformed shell.mm .cor Dc 3 x 190 ² V = = = = = 9.03 m 140.00 2.00 2.182 m 9182 mm 8.440 195 3 19. = 1 Location of intermediate wind girders from top of tank.00 2.440 725 6 10.mm L3 = .00 2. therefore the intermediate wind girder is/are required Minimum number of intermediate wind girders required. H2 = 9.0 5 .020 2.47 ts.00 2.020 2.cor W Wtr (mm) (mm) (mm) 1 25.440 281 4 16.397 7 8.020 8 8.440 431 5 13.mm L4 = .440 141 2 22.1 ) SI METRIC UNIT :H1 = (9.2 Since H1 < H2.00 mm 39.00 2.1 INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS CALCULATION INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS DESIGN MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF THE UNSTIFFENED SHELL ( CLAUSE 5.020 2.440 1.

392 ######### 60. L2 Toe plate length.445 6.h² I = (bd³)/12 (mm²) (mm) (mm³) (mm) (mm4) (mm4) 1 2048 4.Girder Web plate length. C1 = 205 mm Moment of inertia of section .00 mm mm mm mm mm D= C1 39037 mm 1 3 X 450 mm L1=16.00 8192 200.00 554. therefore the angle size selected is satisfactory.400 257.812 cm³ 225.cor = 128 mm A Y AY h A.848 1.40 km/hr : T 405 x 150 = 450 = 150 = 8 = 8 = 8. t3 Min. Za = 863.642523 82447201 10. between inter.cor = 8. tsc.032 mm³ 39. t2 Toe plate thk.767. shell thickness where top wind girder located.896 mm4 Section modulus available.7.400 TOTAL 6. wind girder & top angle V = Wind design speed (b) Available section modulus for intermediate wind girder Fabricated Tee. .615 m 140.3 SIZE OF INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS (a) Required minimum section modulus of intermediate wind girder ( clause 5.200 462.tsc.6 ) SI METRIC UNIT :Z.min = where Dc = Nominal tank diameter H1 = Vertical dist.588.923 2 3600 233 838800 28. Ix-x = 225.3 60750000 3 1.323 Neutral axis of combined section.031 m 4.5 .812.143 mm³ Since Za > Zmin .401.479. L3 Web plate thk.cor tsc. H1 17 V 190 2 = = = = = 225.36 79.3574766 2894927.9.00 mm 8 mm X 2 8 150 mm Dc².

Lr Min. the following uplift criteria shall satisfy: Criteria 1: 0.1 WIND LOAD CALCULATION (OVERTURNING STABILITY) WIND DESIGN CALCULATION Internal design pressure.350 20.As ) Total wind moment on tank. Ls Height from tank bottom to roof centre. Fs ( = ws. the wind pressure are as follows:Wind pressure on conical surfaces.1(j).200 mm² 0N 699. Ar ( = 0. kw (= V /190)² Projected area of roof. 1/2. D Overturning moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from horizontal plus vertical wind pressure = 0 Nmm .395.kw.564.3 OVERTURNING STABILITY AGAINST WIND LOADING Wind Uplift Load Internal Pressure Load D/2 Wind load on shell. Pi ( @ 0.000 0 10.0 6 . ws (@ 18.Do.964 Nmm 6 . As ( = k.045 327.Wt (corroded condition) (@ Weight of product (always present in tank) . Fr H/2 H Momment about shell to bottom joint Dead Load (WDL) Liquid hold down weight (wa) For tank to be structurally stable without anchorage.kw.4 Mpi < (MDL +MF) / 2 where: Mpi = = = Mw = Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from design internal pressure Uplift thrust on roof due to internal pressure x 1/2 tank diameter ( 1/4 π.Do. Ww Weight of shell + top angle (corroded ). Fr ( = wr.700 0 mm mm ° mm mm mm mm 5. Hs Roof slope. WDL (@ 550.512 kg ) kg ) = = = = = = = = = = = = 0 N/mm² 75 mm 39.681 N 7.0 mbarg.241. ) Insulation thickness.Hs ) Total wind load exerted on roof.k. Hr Height from tank bottom to shell centre. depth of product (always present in tank) .700.Lr + Fs.898 N 6 .2 WIND FORCE CALCULATION As per API 650 clause 5.Hr ) Projected area of shell. Mw ( = Fr.00 Wind pressure on cylindrical surfaces.700 0. ß° Roof height.000 20.00 0 mm² 811.00 Wind correction factor.6 Mw + Mpi < MDL / 1.5 Criteria 2: Mw + 0. ti Nominal diameter of tank.212.Ls ) psf ) psf ) = = = = = = = = 0.Ar ) Total wind load exerted on shell. Pi ). D2.2.0014369 N/mm² 0.6 .5.939 N 0N 3. Hw Weight of tank.0008621 N/mm² 1. D Tank height . wr (@ 30.

241.964 Nmm = 62. 0.181 Nmm wa = H= tb = Fby = = = = = 64.035. WDL Weight of roof = 0.6 Mw + Mpi < MDL / 1.700.020.5 = 7.= MDL = = Total wind moment on tank. . ( = Fr.779 Nmm < < MDL/1.5.376 Nmm MF = = = 153. and 1/2 (MDL+ MF) The tank anchorage is NOT REQUIRED.379. D 1000 2 Weight of liquid = 59 tb Fby.419.4 Mpi = 4.345.241.668.since it is floating on liquid Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from liquid weight (wa) (wa. 0.4 Mpi (MDL +MF) / 2 Since.700.5 FOR CRITERIA 2 Mw + 0.251 Nmm Mw + 0. H Design liquid height Thickness of Bottom plate under the shell Minimum specified yeid stress of the bottom plate under the shell 0. D.767.Lr + Fs.Ls ) Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from the weight of the shell and the roof supported by the shell.964 Nmm = 108.214.578 Nmm = 41.4 Mpi < (MDL +MF) / 2 = 7.5.21 N/m 19.502.6 Mw + Mpi Mw +0. π D).6 Mw + Mpi MDL / 1.440.651.2 m 16 mm 2 241 N/mm FOR CRITERIA 1 0.

063298299 Scaling factor Coefficient to adjust the spectral damping from 5% .581.471 mm mm mm mm mm N N N N 7 .700 10. H Ht.948 0 24.69 . Ss = = = = = = = = = = 1 1. Wf (@ (@ (@ (@ 352.1 SEISMIC FORCE CALCULATION SEISMIC LOADS DESIGN GEOMETRIC DATA Seismic peak ground acceleration. Ht Ht.418 0 242.TL Tc 2 I Rwc ≤ Ai = 0.5 Q Fa So I Rwi = 0. Ai Ai = 2.961 kg ) kg ) kg ) kg ) = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 0.1 7 .65 0.34 Convective spectral acceleration parameter. D Total height of tank shell.2 1.from bottom shell to COG of roof. Sp Importance factor.Xs Maximum design liquid level.5% Acceleration based site coefficient as per Table E-1 Velocity-based site coefficient as per Table E-2 Substitution for seismic peak ground acceleration Sp Force reduction coefficient for impulsive mode as per Table E-4 Force reduction coefficient for convective mode as per Table E-4 Regional dependent transition period for longer period ground motion First mode sloshing wave period for convective mode Fv. Ac When Tc ≤ TL Ac = 2. Wp Total weight of tank bottom. SUG Nominal diameter of tank.026 84. since the roof is floating on the liquid. G Total weight of tank shell.Xr Design specific gravity of liquid.1.5 K Q Fa So Ts Tc I Rwc ≤ Ai = - When Tc > TL Ac = where Q = K = Fa = Fv = So = Rwi = Rwc = TL = Tc = Ts = 2. Wr Total weight of tank contents.63 s 0.2 Note: The total weight of the tank roof will be added to the weight of tank content. Ws Total weight of tank roof. S1/ Fa.50 D III 39. DESIGN SPECTRAL RESPONSE ACCELERATIONS Impulsive spectral acceleration parameter.700 0 1 3.462.931 833.031 20.from bottom shell to COG of shell.7 .5 K Q Fa So Ts .350 20.5 1.0.1.3 g 1.3 4 2 4s 6. I Site Class Seismic Use Group.728.0 7 .

%g = = 1.1.333. S1 = 1. spectral response acceleration parameter at shorts period of 0. Wp .866. sites not defined by ASCE 7 method. S1 Fa . Ks = = 6.333. Tc = 1. Wi = Since 1. D/H .499. period) as per Table E-2 Maximum considered earthquake.1 OVERTURNING STABILITY AGAINST SEISMIC LOADING EFFECTIVE MASS OF TANK CONTENTS Effective impulsive portion of the liquid weight.2 sec perios) as per Table E-1 Velocity-based site coefficient (at 1 sec. effective impulsive portion of the liquid weight.75 0.636.2 1.63 s sloshing period coefficient 0. 5% damped.375 0. Wc = D H tanh 3.7 .69 Acceleration based site coefficient (at 0.D/H) 0.25 Sp Ss = 2.6500 For regions outside USA.578 Ks = tanh 3.137.5 Sp .0 .2. Fa = Fv = S1 = Ss = Fv .2 second.06 0.3 CONVECTIVE (SLOSHING ) PERIOD The first mode sloshing wave period. Wi = For D/H < 1. 5% damped.998.34 = 137.59 Ts = where.10 N Effective convective weight.0. Wi = 137.68 H D = 0. Wp tanh (0.230 .10 N = - N D/H > 1.499. %g Maximum considered earthquake.333 . Ss = 0. Wp = = = = 0. For D/H ≥ 1.8 Ks √ D where.14 N 0.218 D H .67H D = 100. spectral response acceleration parameter at the period of one second.636.866.2 7 . the convective spectral acceleration parameter Ac Since Tc > TL and the impulsive spectral acceleration parameter Ai 7 .

2 CENTER OF ACTION FOR EFFECTIVE LATERAL FORCES The height from the bottom of the Tank Shell to the center of action of the lateral seismic forces related to the impulsive liquid force for ringwall moment. specified yield strength of bottom annulus.0 N/mm 2 241.0.5 mm .0 3. cosh Xc = 1.1 RESISTANCE TO OVERTURNING THICKNESS OF THE BOTTOM PLATE UNDER THE SHELL & ITS RADIAL WIDTH Bottom/Annular plate thickness .0. Av = Wt = wa = Mrw D2 ( Wt (1 .2.50 mm The height from the bottom of the Tank Shell to the center of action of the lateral seismic forces related to the convective liquid force for ringwall moment. ts = Bottom/Annular plate radial width. Ls = Min.67H D 3. Wc = = = 48.7 28.762.333 . Xi = For D/H < 1.17 Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient Tank and roof weight acting at base of shell Resisting force of the annulus = = = 0. ta = Thickness of bottom shell course.333. For D/H ≥ 1.0 mm 2 241.3 7 . specified yield strength of bottom shell course.75 N 47.67 H D .26 N 7 . Xs + Wr. Xi + Ws.902.3 OVERTURNING MOMENT The seismic overturning moment at the base of the tank shell shall be the SRSS summation of the impulsive and convective components multiplied by the respective moment arms to the center of action of the forces. Xi = Since 0. Fy Min.393.181. J J= where.4 Av) + Wa ) = = = 16.2.93 N/mm . Ringwall moment.8 Nm 7 .00 mm 28.333.902.7 .0 N/mm 2.00 mm 1200. Xr)]2 + [Ac (Wc.H D/H > 1.2. Fty Anchorage Ratio.722.5 .81453E+11 Nmm 381453029.326.H = 12.67 H D sinh -1 3.05 N 6.55 mm 7 . Xc)]2 = = 3.010. Vi2 + Vc2 Vi = Vc = Ai (Ws + Wr +Wf + Wi) Ac.4 SHEAR FORCE The seismic base shear shall be defined as the SRSS combination of the impulsive and convective components.094 D H = = mm 0. V= where.24 N/mm 94. Mrw = [Ai ( Wi.375H = 7762. Xi 7.3.

including 10% of specified snow load.ts 2.5{G.72 Since the anchorage ratio.035 D.366. 7 . J > 1.108.3. H. Ws Wt = + wrs π. the minimum radial width should be L.4 Av) = 0.24 N/mm = 0 N/mm The resisting force of the annulus. H.54 N/m Ge = Effective specific gravity including vertical seismic effect = G.09 mm 1.01723 ta Fy H. Ge < 196. The tank shall be mechanically anchored. Ge = = = 1.5D + 7. then the minimum radial width of the bottom plate.ts D = N/mm² Therefore.D.223 m³/mm² For GHD²/(ts²) < 44 m³/mm².H. σc = wt ( 1 + 0.94 N/mm² .Weight of tank shell and portion of roof supported by the shell.5Fty ) Since σc < Fc.3.57 mm The maximum width of annulus for determining the resisting force.932. ( Zero for floating roof) ≤ 196. L= 0.732.2 ANNULAR PLATE REQUIREMENT If the thickness of the bottom plate under the shell is thicker than the remainder of the bottom. (1 .57 mm 1. D wrs = Roof load acting on the shell.704. SHELL COMPRESSION MECHANICALLY-ANCHORED TANKS Maximum longitudinal shell compression.3 < > 0.4 Av) + 1. Ge wa = 94.016.94 N/mm² For GHD²/(ts²) ≥ 44 m³/mm².67 N/mm 7 . the bottom/ annular plate width is satisfactory. Since Ls 7 . the tank is not stable and cannot be self-anchored for the design load. = 57. therefore the tank is structurally stable. Fc = 83.108.54.Ge = 114.H} ½ = 57.00 = 28.3.0. 0. D.273 Mrw D2 1 ts = 12. Fa ( < 0.035 D Since L And.4 MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE SHELL COMPRESSION A= GHD² ts² ( D in m ) = 40. Fc = 83. wa = 99 ta Fy.

70 0 Nmm mm N/mm N/mm Tensile stress.= Bolts circle diameter. SD1 III TL Tc and 2 = 1. 1 Tc 2.5 N/mm² 441.06 mm K.019 N Overturing moment due to seismic Nominal diameter of tank Tank and roof weight acting at base of shell.647. Ab Spacing between anchor bolts.d.corr (less c.273 Mrw Dc² . δs = 0.25. Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient Uplift thrust due to internal pressure = = = = = 3. 4 Tc 2 2.5 K Q Fa So I = 4Ts Tc 2 = 0.13 K. St. Af where: For SUG I and II.7 .21 K.therefore the anchor bolt size is satisfactory. δsreq 7 . W AB = where Mrw = Dc = wt = Av = wint = 1.80Sy ) ( Table 5-21a ) Uplift force due to seismic loading. of anchor bolt.4 Av) + wint : = = SA 320 Gr L7 551. Da Root area of each hold down bolt.2 MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Material used Specific minimum yield stress. SD1.20 N/mm² = 36. d Dia.5 7 .031 28. σb = WAB / N.5.wt ( 1 .5 K Q Fa So = Ts.81453E+11 39. TL 2 Tc .size. of anchor bolt.all ( 0.5 K Q Fa So = Ts Tc = 0.4 FREE BOARD FOR SLOSHING WAVE HEIGHT Sloshing wave height above the product design height.08 0.24 0. SD1 1 Tc 2.1 TANK ANCHORAGE GEOMETRIC DATA Number of bolts . = 161.642 1.04 N/mm² .5 D. ( as per Table E-7) = 1.436 mm mm mm mm² mm 7 .4 mm ) = = = = 86 64 58 39. Af = = 0.647. When Tc ≤ 4 Af = When Tc > 4 Af = For SUG III When Tc ≤ TL Af = When Tc > TL Af = Since SUG is K. Sp > 0.592. Sy Allowable tensile strength.9 For SDS = Q Fa Ss = Minimum required freeboard.5.all.5 K Q Fa So I = Ts Tc = 0.000 = = mm) (min. I. N Dia.33g.06 mm 3.08 Tc > TL 0.320 2.0. SD1.Ab Since σb < St.a. I.14 2.