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fluid mechanics question paper

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4. Prove that the maximum velocity in a circular pipe for viscous flow is equal to two times the average velocity of the flow 12 UNIT-III 5. Define displacement thickness. Derive an expression for the displacement thickness

OR

12

6. Assuming second degree velocity distribution in the boundary layer, determine using the integral momentum equation, the thickness of boundary layer friction coefficient, displacement and momentum thickness UNIT-IV 7. What are the methods of dimensional analysis? Describe the Rayleighs method for dimensional analysis

OR

12

12

8. What is meant by geometric, kinematic and dynamic similarities? Are these similarities truly attainable? If not why? UNIT-V 9. A gas flowing through a horizontal pipe which is having area of cross section as 40 cm2, where pressure is 40 N/cm2 (gauge) and temperature 150C. At another section the area of cross section is 20 cm2 and pressure is 30 N/cm2 (gauge). If the mass rate of flow of gas through the pipe is 0.5 kg/s, find the velocities of the gas at these sections, assuming an isothermal change. Take R = 292 Nm/kgoK, and atmospheric pressure = 10 N/cm2

OR 10. Derive continuity equation for one dimensional compressible flow

12

12

in differential form

12

[08/IV S/111]

[A-11]

[EURME 406]

IV SEMESTER FLUID MECHANICS

(Effective from the admitted batch 200809)

Time: 3 Hours Max.Marks: 60 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Instructions: Each Unit carries 12 marks. Answer all units choosing one question from each unit. All parts of the unit must be answered in one place only. Figures in the right hand margin indicate marks allotted. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT-I 1. a) Two large planes are parallel to each other and are inclined at 30o to the horizontal with the space between them filled with a fluid of viscosity 20 cp. A small thin plate of 0.125 m square slides parallel and midway between the planes and reaches a constant velocity of 2 m/s. The weight of the plate is 1 N. Determine the distance between the plates b) Derive an expression for the depth of center of pressure from free surface of liquid of an inclined plane surface sub-merged in the liquid

OR

2. a) A liquid with specific gravity 0.8, flows at the rate of 3 l/s through a venturimeter of diameters 6 cm and 4 cm. If the manometer fluid is mercury (sp. gr = 13.6) determine the value of manometer reading, h 6 b) Define the equation of continuity. Obtain an expression for continuity equation for a three dimensional flow 6 UNIT-II 3. Show that the velocity profile in laminar flow through a circular pipe is parabolic. Find the average velocity in terms of maximum velocity 12

OR

4. Prove that the maximum velocity in a circular pipe for viscous flow is equal to two times the average velocity of the flow 12 UNIT-III 5. Define displacement thickness. Derive an expression for the displacement thickness

OR

12

6. Assuming second degree velocity distribution in the boundary layer, determine using the integral momentum equation, the thickness of boundary layer friction coefficient, displacement and momentum thickness UNIT-IV 7. What are the methods of dimensional analysis? Describe the Rayleighs method for dimensional analysis

OR

12

12

8. What is meant by geometric, kinematic and dynamic similarities? Are these similarities truly attainable? If not why? UNIT-V 9. A gas flowing through a horizontal pipe which is having area of cross section as 40 cm2, where pressure is 40 N/cm2 (gauge) and temperature 150C. At another section the area of cross section is 20 cm2 and pressure is 30 N/cm2 (gauge). If the mass rate of flow of gas through the pipe is 0.5 kg/s, find the velocities of the gas at these sections, assuming an isothermal change. Take R = 292 Nm/kgoK, and atmospheric pressure = 10 N/cm2

OR 10. Derive continuity equation for one dimensional compressible flow

12

12

in differential form

12

[08/IV S/111]

[A-11]

[EURME 406]

IV SEMESTER FLUID MECHANICS

(Effective from the admitted batch 200809)

Time: 3 Hours Max.Marks: 60 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Instructions: Each Unit carries 12 marks. Answer all units choosing one question from each unit. All parts of the unit must be answered in one place only. Figures in the right hand margin indicate marks allotted. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT-I 1. a) Two large planes are parallel to each other and are inclined at 30o to the horizontal with the space between them filled with a fluid of viscosity 20 cp. A small thin plate of 0.125 m square slides parallel and midway between the planes and reaches a constant velocity of 2 m/s. The weight of the plate is 1 N. Determine the distance between the plates b) Derive an expression for the depth of center of pressure from free surface of liquid of an inclined plane surface sub-merged in the liquid

OR

2. a) A liquid with specific gravity 0.8, flows at the rate of 3 l/s through a venturimeter of diameters 6 cm and 4 cm. If the manometer fluid is mercury (sp. gr = 13.6) determine the value of manometer reading, h 6 b) Define the equation of continuity. Obtain an expression for continuity equation for a three dimensional flow 6 UNIT-II 3. Show that the velocity profile in laminar flow through a circular pipe is parabolic. Find the average velocity in terms of maximum velocity 12

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