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PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM FOR SMALL-SCALE CDM PROJECT ACTIVITIES (F-CDM-SSC-PDD) Version 04.1

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT (PDD)

Title of the project activity Version number of the PDD Completion date of the PDD Project participant(s) Host Party(ies) Sectoral scope(s) and selected methodology(ies)

Estimated amount of annual average GHG emission reductions

5 MW Solar Photovoltaic based Power Generation in Jodhpur, Rajasthan 4.6 14/05/2013 Green Infra Solar Projects Limited India Scope 1- Energy industries (renewable / nonrenewable sources) AMS-I.D. Grid connected renewable electricity generation Version 17.0 8,177 tonnes of CO2e

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SECTION A. Description of project activity A.1. Purpose and general description of project activity Green Infra Solar Projects Limited proposes to implement the project activity, a 5 MW Solar Photovoltaic Project in the state of Rajasthan, as a CDM project. The Proposed Project shall be developed under Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) batch 2 phase 1. Objective of the Project activity: The purpose of the project activity is to generate electrical energy utilizing solar energy and export the generated electricity to the regional grid. In absence of the project activity equivalent amount of electricity would have otherwise been generated by fossil fuels based power plants connected to the emission intensive NEWNE electricity grid. Thus the project activity would result in avoidance of Greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to mitigation of global warming. The project activity is a green field project and) has been commissioned on 24th December 2012. Salient Feature of the Project Activity: The project activity consists of a 5 MW solar power plant at Bap Village of Phalodi Tehsil, Jodhpur District in Rajasthan. Annual power generation from the plant is expected to be 8,583 MWh/year average of the fixed crediting period (10 years) , which will avoid GHG emission reduction from emission intensive power plants connected to the NEWNE grid (Integrated Northern, Eastern, Western and North Eastern Grid) by 8,177 tCO2e per year average of the fixed crediting period (10 years) . The substation at which billing of project activity is done by the Grid is also connected to another 20 MW solar power plant. An apportioning procedure is applied on the basis of the electricity generated to calculate the net electricity exported (and hence emission reductions) by 5 MW power plant and is explained in detail in section B.7. Baseline scenario: The electricity generated from project activity will be supplied to NEWNE Grid. Hence the baseline is equivalent electricity generation from the operation of grid-connected power plants and by the addition of new generation sources in the NEWNE Grid. Project scenario: The electricity generated from the project activity (approximately 8,583 MWh annually) will displace equivalent electricity generation in grid connected power plants. The project activity will reduce the anthropogenic GHG emissions (approximately 8,177 tCO2 annually) associated with the equivalent amount of electricity generation from the fossil fuel based grid connected power plants. Contribution of the project activity to sustainable development: Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India has stipulated the following indicators for sustainable development in the interim approval guidelines for CDM projects1: Social well being The CDM project activity should lead to alleviation of poverty by generating additional employment, removal of social disparities and contribution to provision of basic amenities to people leading to improvement in quality of life of people. o o The project activity would generate employment in the region during construction as well as operation of the project activity. It would lead up liftment of society by generation of employment and development of the region.

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It would augment power generation in the region that would aid the local population.

Economic well-being The CDM project activity should bring in additional investment consistent with the needs of the people. o o The project activity would lead to additional business for equipment suppliers, O&M contractors, civil work contractors etc. It would also lead to additional investment for the development of infrastructure in the region like roads; communication facilities etc and the same could be utilized by the local population.

Environmental well being This should include a discussion of impact of the project activity on resource sustainability and resource degradation, if any, due to proposed activity; bio-diversity friendliness; impact on human health; reduction of levels of pollution in general. o The proposed project activity will reduce the GHG emissions associated with the combustion of fossil fuels in grid connected power plants. o The project activity utilizes Solar Power as the source of kinetic energy used to generate renewable power. Solar power generation does not consume any fuels or water for power generation. o Solar is a clean form of energy and electrical power generation using solar does not produce any solid waste products (such as ash from combustion), emissions of carbon dioxide, SOx, or NOx.

Technological well being The CDM project activity should lead to transfer of environmentally safe and sound technologies with a priority to the renewable sector or energy efficiency projects that are comparable to best practices in order to assist in up-gradation of technological base. o The technology of use of solar PV for electricity generation is environmentally safe and sound. The success of the project will help in replication of technology and promote the generation of green power in the region. Dissemination of this project will contribute to technological growth related to the harnessing of solar energy for power generation in the state of Rajasthan.

A.2. Location of project activity A.2.1. Host Party(ies) India A.2.2. Region/State/Province etc. Rajasthan A.2.3. City/Town/Community etc. Bap Village, Phalodi Tehsil, Jodhpur District A.2.4. Physical/ Geographical location The GISPL 5MW solar PV plant site is approximately 187m, above mean sea level. The site is Located at a distance of 3km from Bap village and approximately 174km from Jodhpur city of Rajasthan. The site is well connected by NH15 and SH65. Jodhpur (174km) is the nearest airport and Bap (4km) is the nearest railway station. The Geo-coordinates: Latitude: 27 23 9.60 N

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Longitude: 72 19 1.20 E

A.3. Technologies and/or measures The project activity is to harness renewable solar energy through installation of solar PV farm with total capacity of 5 MW. The solar PV power plant will have solar PV modules, inverters, transformers and other protection system and supporting components as well. The various components of the plant include: 1. Solar Photovoltaic modules 2. Module Mounting Systems 3. Inverters 4. Step-up Transformers 5. Grid Connection Interface

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Photovoltaic module consists of several photovoltaic cells connected by circuits and sealed in an environmentally protective laminate, which forms the fundamental building blocks of the complete PV generating unit. The project activity will involve thin film solar module technology. The technical specifications of the major equipment are presented below. Summary of the Solar Power plant Power generation capacity (MW) 5.00 Peak generation Capacity (MWp) 5.44 Lifetime (years) 25

PV module specifications PV module Manufacturer First Solar Type Thin Film Semiconductor material Cadmium Telluride Module models FS385 Number of modules 64000 Module Peak power (Wp) 85 Tolerance (%) 5% Rated voltage (V) 48.5 Rated current (A) 1.76 Inverter specifications Inverter supplier SMA-720CP Type 720 KW Number of inverters 7 Strings per Inventor 610 Modules per String 15 Solar PV modules convert solar radiation directly into electricity through the Photovoltaic effect. A PV power plant contains many cells connected together in modules and many modules connected together in strings to produce the required DC power output. Inverters convert the DC electricity to alternating current (AC) for connection to the utility grid. Step-up transformers generally require a further step up in voltage to reach the AC grid voltage level. This is where the electricity is exported into the grid network The technology is clean as compared to the conventional fossil fuel based system and thus environmentally sustainable. A.4. Parties and project participants Party involved (host) indicates a host Party India Private and/or public entity(ies) project participants (as applicable) Green Infra Solar Projects Limited Indicate if the Party involved wishes to be considered as project participant (Yes/No) No

A.5. Public funding of project activity No public funding has been involved in this project.

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A.6. Debundling for project activity As per the Guidelines on assessment of debundling for SSC project activities EB 54, annexure 13 version 3, a proposed small scale project activity shall be deemed to be a de-bundled component of a large activity if there is a registered small scale CDM project activity or an application to register another small scale CDM project activity: (a) With the same project participant; (b) In the same project category and technology/measure; and (c) Registered within the previous 2 years; and (d) Whose project boundary is within 1 km of the project boundary of the proposed small scale activity at the closest point The procedure to determine the same is also provided in the report and is to be followed in the given manner:

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(a) Is there a registered SSC Project Activity with the same project participants as the proposed SSC PA? No, the Project Participants have no registered projects under the UNFCCC-CDM framework in the past. Hence, the proposed SSC PA is not deemed to be a debundled component of a large project activity, therefore is eligible to use the simplified modalities and procedures for SSC PAs SECTION B. Application of selected approved baseline and monitoring methodology B.1. Reference of methodology The project activity is a small scale project activity and conforms to Appendix B of the simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale CDM project activities. Type: Type I Renewable Energy Projects Category: AMS-I.D. Grid connected renewable electricity generation Version: 17.0 Reference: AMS-I.D., Version 17.0, Valid from 17th Jun 2011 onwards2 Used tools are as follow: Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity system (version 03.0.0) B.2. Project activity eligibility The applicability of methodology AMS-I.D. for the proposed project activity is as discussed below-: Applicability criteria of AMS-I.D. Version 17.0 This methodology comprises renewable energy generation units, such as photovoltaic, hydro, tidal/wave, wind, geothermal and renewable biomass: (a) Supplying electricity to a national or a regional grid; or (b) Supplying electricity to an identified consumer facility via national/regional grid through a contractual arrangement such as wheeling. Project activity measures Applicable and Fulfilled The project is renewable energy generation through installation of photovoltaic modules and will supply electricity to the NEWNE grid.

Illustration of respective situations under which Applicable and Fulfilled each of the methodology (i.e. AMS-I.D, AMS-I.F The project is renewable energy generation through installation of photovoltaic modules and will supply and AMS-I.A) applies is included in Table 2; electricity to the NEWNE grid, thus use of AMSI.D. methodology is applicable to the project activity

Applicable and Fulfilled The project activity is installation of new power


2

http://cdm.unfccc.int/methodologies/DB/RSCTZ8SKT4F7N1CFDXCSA7BDQ7FU1X

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This methodology is applicable to project activities that: (a) Install a new power plant at a site where there was no renewable energy power plant operating prior to the implementation of the project activity (Greenfield plant); (b) Involve a capacity addition; (c) Involve a retrofit of (an) existing Plant (s); or (d) Involve a replacement of (an) existing plant(s).

plant at a site where there was no renewable energy power plant operating prior to implementation of project.

Hydro power plants with reservoirs that satisfy at Not Applicable least one of the following conditions are eligible to The project activity is solar PV power plant, not a hydro power plant. apply this methodology:: The project activity is implemented in an existing reservoir with no change in the volume of reservoir; The project activity is implemented in an existing reservoir, where the volume of reservoir is increased and the power density of the project activity, as per definitions given in the project emissions section, is greater than 4 W/m2; The project activity results in new reservoirs and the power density of the power plant, as per definitions given in the project emissions section, is greater than 4 W/m2.

If the new unit has renewable and non- renewable components (e.g. a wind/diesel unit), the eligibility limit of 15 MW for a small-scale CDM project activity applies only to the renewable component. If the new unit co-fires fossil fuel, the capacity of the entire unit shall not exceed the limit of 15 MW

Not Applicable The project activity is solar PV power plant which will use only renewable solar energy and nonrenewable component is not present. Hence, this criterion is inapplicable.

Combined heat and power (co-generation) systems Not Applicable are not eligible under this category. The project activity is solar PV power plant and not a cogeneration system.

In the case of project activities that involve the Not Applicable addition of renewable energy generation units at The project activity is a green field solar PV power an existing renewable power generation facility, plant. the added capacity of the units added by the project should be lower than 15 MW and should be physically distinct from the existing units.

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In the case of retrofit or replacement, to qualify as Not Applicable a small-scale project, the total output of the The project activity is green a field solar PV power retrofitted or replacement unit shall not exceed the plant and not a retrofit or replacement activity. limit of 15 MW. It can be seen from the above table that the project activity meets the applicability conditions of the methodology AMS-I.D., Version 17.0. Hence, the methodology is applicable to the project activity. B.3. Project boundary

5 MW Power Plant (Project activity)

Substation

NEWNE Grid

End users of electricity

20 MW Power Plant

B.4. Establishment and description of baseline scenario The project activity involves grid connected renewable electricity generation. The project activity, as described above, involves installation of a 5 MW solar photovoltaic grid connected power plant. As per paragraph 10 of the approved methodology AMSI.D., version 17.0, The baseline scenario is that the electricity delivered to the grid by the project activity would have otherwise been generated by the operation of grid-connected power plants and by the addition of new generation sources into the grid. In absence of the project activity, equivalent power would have been generated by the existing grid connected power plants and addition of new generation sources. The baseline to the project activity is therefore the electricity generated by the operation of existing grid-connected power plants and by the addition of new generation sources to the NEWNE Grid in absence of the project activity power plant. The key parameters for baseline scenario are given below in a tabular format. Key data for the baseline Emission factor of grid Power generation capacity of the solar power plant Plant load factor Value 0.9528 5.44 20.00 Unit tCO2/MWh MW % Remarks Calculated based on CEA database version 7 Obtained from manufacturers technical Specification RERC tariff order dated 30.05.2012 (This PLF is conservative for emission reduction calculation since the PLF as per third party is 22.2%) RERC tariff order dated 30.05.2012 RERC tariff order dated 30.05.2012

Deration of modules (after 2nd year) Auxiliary Consumption

0.50 0.25

% %

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As per the paragraph 3 (b) of the Guidelines for the reporting and validation of plant load factors, version 1.0, the plant load factor shall be defined ex-ante in the CDM-PDD based on the plant load factor determined by a third party contracted by the project participants, which is 22.20%. The PLF of 20% as per RERC tariff order is chosen for emission reduction calculation for the purpose of being conservative. As per paragraph 11 of AMS-I.D. Version 17, the baseline emissions are the product of electrical energy baseline EGBL, y expressed in MWh of electricity produced by the renewable generating unit multiplied by the grid emission factor. BEy = EGPJ, y * EFgrid, CM, y Where: BEy EGPJ,y EFgrid,CM,y = = = Baseline emissions in year y (tCO2/yr) Quantity of net electricity generation that is produced and fed into the grid as a result of the implementation of the CDM project activity in year y (MWh/yr) Combined margin CO2 emission factor for grid connected power generation in year y calculated using the version 03.0.0 of the Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity system

As per paragraph 12 of the methodology AMS-I.D Version 17, The Emission Factor can be calculated in a transparent and conservative manner as follows: a) A combined margin (CM), consisting of the combination of operating margin (OM) and build margin (BM) according to the procedures prescribed in the .Tool to calculate the Emission Factor for an electricity system.. OR b) The weighted average emissions (in t CO2/MWh) of the current generation mix. The data of the year in which project generation occurs must be used. Calculations shall be based on data from an official source (where available) and made publicly available. The proposed project activity is likely to affect both present and future carbon intensity of the grid mix. Hence, Option (a) - Combined Margin consisting of operating margin (OM) and build margin (BM), calculated according to the procedures described in the Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity system by Central Electricity Authority of India and made publicly available through their website, is used to calculate the baseline emissions for the project activity. The Tool to calculate emission factor of an electricity system, version 03.0.0 provides for the following steps to calculate the parameter EFgrid, CM, y Step 1: Identify the relevant electricity systems For determining electricity emission factors, a project electricity system is defined by the spatial extent of power plants that are physically connected through transmission and distribution lines to the project activity (e.g. the renewable power plant location or the consumers where electricity is being saved) and that can be dispatched without significant transmission constraints. The Indian power system is divided into two regional grids, namely NEWNE and Southern grid. Each grid covers several states. Power generation and supply within the regional grid is managed by Regional Load Dispatch Centre (RLDC). The Regional Power Committees (RPCs) provide a common platform for discussion and solution to the regional problems relating to the grid.

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Each state in a regional grid meets their demand with their own generation facilities and also with allocation from power plants owned by the central sector such as NTPC and NHPC etc. Specific quotas are allocated to each state from the central sector power plants. Depending on the demand and generation, there are electricity exports and imports between states in the regional grid. There are also electricity transfers between regional grids, and small exchanges in the form of cross-border imports and exports (e.g. from Bhutan). Recently, the Indian regional grids have started to work in synchronous mode, i.e. at same frequency. States connected to different regional grids Regional grid NEWNE Grid Northern Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand Delhi and Chandigarh Eastern Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Sikkim Western Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa and Chhattisgarh North Eastern Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura Southern grid Southern Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu

States

Union Territories

AndamanNicobar

Daman & Diu, Dadar & Nagar Haveli

Pondicherry, Lakshadweep

The NEWNE grid constitutes several states and union territories including Rajasthan3. These states under the regional grid have their own power generating stations as well as centrally shared power-generating stations. While the power generated by own generating stations is fully owned and consumed through the respective states grid systems, the power generated by central generating stations is shared by more than one state depending on their allocated share. Presently the share from central generating stations is a small portion of their own generation. For the purpose of determining the emission reductions achieved by the Project the Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity systems (Version 03.0.0) states that the project electricity system is defined by the spatial extent of the power plants that can be dispatched without significant transmission constraints. On this basis the Central Electricity Authority, CO2 Baseline Database for the Indian Power Sector - Version 7.0 4 defines the project electricity systems within India in two regional grids. This is justified as electricity continues to be produced and consumed largely within the same region, as is evidenced by the relatively small volume of net transfers between the regions, and consequently it is appropriate to assume that the impacts of CDM project will be confined to the regional grid in which it is located. The project is located in Rajasthan and is therefore as per the CEAs grid definitions it is within NEWNE regional grid. Also, it is preferable to take the regional grid as project boundary than the state boundary as it minimizes effect of interstate power transactions, which are dynamic and vary widely. Considering free flow of electricity among member states and the union territory the entire NEWNE grid is considered as a single entity for estimation of baseline. Step 2: Choose whether to include off-grid power plants in the project electricity system (optional) Project participants may choose between the following two options to calculate the operating margin and build margin emission factor: Option I:
3 4

Only grid power plants are included in the calculation.

http://www.cea.nic.in/reports/planning/cdm_co2/user_guide_ver7.pdf http://www.cea.nic.in/reports/planning/cdm_co2/cdm_co2.htm

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Option II:

Both grid power plants and off-grid power plants are included in the calculation.

The project participant has chosen Option I for the calculation of the operating and build margin emission factor i.e. off-grid power plants are not being included in the calculation. Step 3: Select a method to determine the operating margin (OM) The calculation of the operating margin emission factor (EFgrid,OM,y) is based on one of the following methods: (a) Simple OM, or (b) Simple adjusted OM, or (c) Dispatch data analysis OM, or (d) Average OM. For the proposed project activity, simple OM method (option a) has been chosen to calculate the operating margin emission factor (EFgrid, OM, y). However, the simple OM method can only be used if low-cost/mustrun resources constitute less than 50% of total grid generation in: 1) average of the five most recent years, or 2) based on long-term averages for hydroelectricity production. The low-cost/must-run resources are defined as power plants with low marginal generation costs or power plants that are dispatched independently of the daily or seasonal load of the grid. They typically include hydro, geothermal, wind, low-cost biomass, nuclear and solar generation. Share of Low Cost / Must-Run (% of Net Generation) Grid NEWNE 2006-07 18.5% 2007-08 19.0% 2008-09 17.4% 2009-10 15.9% 2010-11 17.6%

Ref: CO2 Baseline Database for the Indian Power Sector CEA, Version 07. Percentage of total grid generation by low cost/must run plants (on the basis of average of five most recent years) = 17.70 % The calculation above shows that the generation from low-cost/must-run resources constitutes less than 50% of total grid generation, hence usage of the Simple OM method in the project case is justified. The Simple OM emission factor can be calculated using either of the two following data vintages for years(s) y: Ex ante option: If the ex ante option is chosen, the emission factor is determined once at the validation stage, thus no monitoring and recalculation of the emissions factor during the crediting period is required. For grid power plants, use a 3-year generation-weighted average, based on the most recent data available at the time of submission of the CDM-PDD to the DOE for validation. For off-grid power plants, use a single calendar year within the 5 most recent calendar years prior to the time of submission of the CDM-PDD for validation. or Ex post option: If the ex post option is chosen, the emission factor is determined for the year in which the project activity displaces grid electricity, requiring the emissions factor to be updated annually during monitoring. If the data required to calculate the emission factor for year y is usually only available later than six months after the end of year y, alternatively the emission factor of the previous year (y-1) may be used. If the data is usually only available 18 months after the end of year y, the emission factor of the year proceeding the previous year (y-2) may be used. The same data vintage (y, y-1 or y-2) should be used throughout all crediting periods.

The project proponent chooses the Ex ante option for estimating the simple OM emission factor wherein as described above a 3-year generation-weighted average, based on the most recent data available at the time of submission of the CDM-PDD to the DOE for validation, without requirement to monitor and recalculate the emissions factor during the crediting period will be undertaken.

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Step 4: Calculate the operating margin emission factor according to the selected method The simple OM method has been selected as justified above. The simple OM emission factor is calculated based on the net electricity generation of each power unit and a CO2 emission factor for each power unit, as follows:

EFgrid ,OM , simple, y

EG EF = EG
m, y m m, y m

EL ,m , y

Where: EFgrid,OMsimple,,y EGm,y EFEL,m,y m y

= Simple operating margin CO2 emission factor of in year y (tCO2/MWh) = Net quantity of electricity generated and delivered to the grid by power unit m in year y (MWh) = CO2 emission factor of power unit m in year y (tCO2/MWh) = All power units serving the grid in year y except low-cost / must-run power units = The relevant year as per the data vintage chosen in step 3 i.e. the three most recent years for which data is available at the time of submission of the CDMPDD to the DOE for validation (ex ante option)

Determination of EFEL,m,y The emission factor of each power unit m has been determined as follows:

EFEL , m , y =
EFEL,m,y FCi,m,y NCVi,y EFCO2,i,y EGm,y m i y

FC
m

i , m, y

NCVi , y EFCO 2,i , y EGm , y


= CO2 emission factor of power unit m in year y (tCO2/MWh) = Amount of fossil fuel type i consumed by power unit m in year y (Mass or volume unit) = Net calorific value (energy content) of fossil fuel type i in year y (GJ / mass or volume unit) = CO2 emission factor of fossil fuel type i in year y (tCO2/GJ) = Net electricity generated and delivered to the grid by power unit m in year y (MWh) = All power units serving the grid in year y except low-cost / must-run power units = All fossil fuel types combusted in power plant / unit m in year y = The relevant year as per the data vintage chosen in step 3 i.e. the three most recent years for which data is available at the time of submission of the CDMPDD to the DOE for validation (ex ante option)

Determination of EGm,y Since, the calculations consider only grid power plants, EGm,y should has been determined as per the data provided by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) CO2 Baseline Database for the Indian Power Sector. In India, the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) has estimated the baseline emission factor for the power sector. This data has also been endorsed by the DNA and is the most authentic information available in the public domain. The details of same can be found on CEA website at:

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http://www.cea.nic.in/reports/planning/cdm_co2/user_guide_ver7.pdf Step 5: Calculate the build margin (BM) emission factor In terms of vintage of data, project proponents can choose between one of the following two options: Option 1: For the first crediting period, calculate the build margin emission factor ex-ante based on the most recent information available on units already built for sample group m at the time of CDM-PDD submission to the DOE for validation. For the second crediting period, the build margin emission factor should be updated based on the most recent information available on units already built at the time of submission of the request for renewal of the crediting period to the DOE. For the third crediting period, the build margin emission factor calculated for the second crediting period should be used. This option does not require monitoring the emission factor during the crediting period. Option 2: For the first crediting period, the build margin emission factor shall be updated annually, ex-post, including those units built up to the year of registration of the project activity or, if information up to the year of registration is not yet available, including those units built up to the latest year for which information is available. For the second crediting period, the build margin emissions factor shall be calculated ex-ante, as described in option 1 above. For the third crediting period, the build margin emission factor calculated for the second crediting period should be used. The project proponent wishes to choose option 1. Capacity additions from retrofits of power plants should not be included in the calculation of the build margin emission factor. The sample group of power units m used to calculate the build margin should be determined as per the following procedure, consistent with the data vintage selected above: (a) Identify the set of five power units, excluding power units registered as CDM project activities, that started to supply electricity to the grid most recently (SET5-units) and determine their annual electricity generation (AEGSET-5-units, in MWh); (b) Determine the annual electricity generation of the project electricity system, excluding power units registered as CDM project activities (AEGtotal, in MWh). Identify the set of power units, excluding power units registered as CDM project activities, that started to supply electricity to the grid most recently and that comprise 20% of AEGtotal (if 20% falls on part of the generation of a unit, the generation of that unit is fully included in the calculation) (SET 20%) and determine their annual electricity generation (AEGSET- 20%, in MWh); (c) From SET5-units and SET generation (SETsample);
20%

select the set of power units that comprises the larger annual electricity

Identify the date when the power units in SETsample started to supply electricity to the grid. If none of the power units in SETsample started to supply electricity to the grid more than 10 years ago, then use SETsample to calculate the build margin. In India, the installed capacity and corresponding annual generation from power plants is quite high. The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) has estimated the annual electricity generation from SET 20% to be larger than the generation from SET5-units. The details of same can be found on CEA website at http://www.cea.nic.in/reports/planning/cdm_co2/user_guide_ver7.pdf. Further, none of the power units in SET 20% started to supply electricity to the grid more than 10 years ago. Therefore, SETsample is selected as SET 20% for the estimation of build margin. The build margin emissions factor is the generation-weighted average emission factor (tCO2/MWh) of all power units m during the most recent year y for which power generation data is available, calculated as follows:

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EFgrid , BM , simple , y
Where: EFgrid, BM, y EGm,y EFEL, m, y m y

EG EF = EG
m, y m m, y m

EL , m , y

= Build margin CO2 emission factor in year y (tCO2/MWh) = Net quantity of electricity generated and delivered to the grid by power unit m in year y (MWh) = CO2 emission factor of power unit m in year y (tCO2/MWh) = Power units included in the build margin = Most recent historical year for which power generation data is available

Calculations for the Build Margin emission factor EFgid, BM, y is based on the most recent information available on the plants already built for sample group m at the time of PDD submission. The sample group m consists of the power plant capacity additions in the electricity system that comprise 20 % of the system generation and that have been built most recently. Step 6: Calculate the combined margin emissions factor The calculation of the combined margin (CM) emission factor (EFgrid,CM,y) is based on one of the following methods: (a) Weighted average CM; or (b) Simplified CM. The weighted average CM method (option A) should be used as the preferred option. Therefore,The combined margin emissions factor is calculated as follows:

EFCO2 = EFgrid ,OM , y wOM + EFgrid , BM , y wBM


Where: EFgrid,BM,y EFgrid,OM,y wOM wBM = = = = Build margin CO2 emission factor in year y (tCO2/MWh) Operating margin CO2 emission factor in year y (tCO2/MWh) Weighting of operating margin emissions factor (%) Weighting of build margin emissions factor (%)

The following default values should be used for wOM and wBM: Wind and solar power generation project activities: wOM = 0.75 and wBM = 0.25 (owing to their intermittent and non-dispatchable nature) for the first crediting period and for subsequent crediting periods. All other projects: wOM = 0.5 and wBM = 0.5 for the first crediting period, and wOM = 0.25 and wBM = 0.75 for the second and third crediting period, unless otherwise specified in the approved methodology which refers to this tool.

As mentioned before, the CEA has calculated the baseline emission factors for various regional grids in India according to the formulas specified above. As this is the most authentic information available in the public domain. The baseline emission factor used in the calculation of baseline emissions for the proposed project activity is being referred from the same for transparency and conservativeness5.
5

http://www.cea.nic.in/reports/planning/cdm_co2/user_guide_ver7.pdf

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The approach proposed in the Option (a) i.e. Combined Margin has been used for ascertaining baseline emissions and corresponding emission reductions. The OM and BM emission factor have been considered from the information (CO2 Baseline Database for the Indian Power Sector -Version 6.0) published by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Ministry of Power, Govt. of India. Considering the individual weightings assigned to the OM and the BM emission factors respectively, as prescribed in the Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity system (Version 03.0.0), the combined margin emission factor for the NEWNE Grid has been estimated at 0.9528 tCO2/MWh.

Year

Net electricity generated = Net Simple Operating Margin generation in Operating Margin + (OM) including imports Net Imports (GWh) 421803+0 =421803 458043+4284 = 462327 476987+0 =476987 1.0065 0.9777 0.9706

2008-09 2009-10 2010-11

Weight is Calculated as:(Net Generation in operating Margin for the respective year+ Net Imports for the respective year)/ (Total Net generation in operating margin for 2008-09, 2009-10 & 2010-11) Average Operating Margin (OM): 0.9842 tCO2e/MWh Build Margin (BM); 0.8588 tCO2e/MWh Combined Margin; 0.75*OM + 0.25*BM =0.75*0.9842 + 0.25*0.8588 = 0.9528 tCO2/MWh

B.5. Demonstration of additionality The additionality for the Project Activity has been demonstrated as per GUIDELINES ON THE DEMONSTRATION OF ADDITIONALITY OF SMALL-SCALE PROJECT ACTIVITIES (Version: 9, EB: 68, Annex 27). 1. Project participants shall provide an explanation to show that the project activity would not have occurred anyway due to at least one of the following barriers: (a) Investment barrier: a financially more viable alternative to the project activity would have led to higher emissions; (b) Technological barrier: a less technologically advanced alternative to the project activity involves lower risks due to the performance uncertainty or low market share of the new technology adopted for the project activity and so would have led to higher emissions;

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(c) Barrier due to prevailing practice: prevailing practice or existing regulatory or policy requirements would have led to implementation of a technology with higher emissions; (d) Other barriers: without the project activity, for another specific reason identified by the project participant, such as institutional barriers or limited information, managerial resources, organizational capacity, financial resources, or capacity to absorb new technologies, emissions would have been higher. 2. Documentation of barriers, as per paragraph 1 above, is not required for the positive list of technologies and project activity types that are defined as automatically additional for project sizes up to and including the small-scale CDM thresholds (e.g. installed capacity up to 15 MW). The positive list comprises of: (a) The following grid-connected and off-grid renewable electricity generation technologies: (i) Solar technologies (photovoltaic and solar thermal electricity generation); (ii) Off-shore wind technologies; (iii) Marine technologies (wave, tidal); (iv) Building-integrated wind turbines or household rooftop wind turbines of a size p to 100 kW; (b) The following off-grid electricity generation technologies where the individual units do not exceed the thresholds indicated in parentheses with the aggregate project installed capacity not exceeding the 15 MW threshold: (i) Micro/pico-hydro (with power plant size up to 100 kW); (ii) Micro/pico-wind turbine (up to 100 kW); (iii) PV-wind hybrid (up to 100 kW) (iv) Geothermal (up to 200 kW); (v) Biomass gasification/biogas (up to 100 kW); (c) Project activities solely composed of isolated units where the users of the technology/measure are households or communities or Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and where the size of each unit is no larger than 5% of the small-scale CDM thresholds; (d) Rural electrification project activities using renewable energy sources in countries with rural electrification rates less than 20%; the most recent available data on the electrification rates shall be used to demonstrate compliance with the 20 per cent threshold. In no case shall data be used if older than three years from the date of commencement of validation of the project activity. Since, the proposed project is a 5 MW solar photovoltaic based grid connected power project, it falls under the grid-connected renewable electricity generation technologies that are automatically defined as additional, without further documentation of barriers. Summary Hence, from the above discussion on additionality it can be concluded that the proposed project being a small scale solar photovoltaic power plant automatically get defined as additional. The chronology of CDM event: S.N. Activity 1. Board resolution considering CDM Benefits 2 Wrap Agreement between Green Infra Solar Projects Limited and Juwi India

Date 12/01/2012 04/05/2012

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4 5 6

Renewable Energies Pvt Ltd. (EPC contractor) for implementation of the project activity (Project start date) Prior consideration of CDM form submitted to UNFCCC and NCDMA (Host country DNA) Acknowledgement received UNFCCC Acknowledgement received NCDMA (Host country DNA) CDM webhosting

12/07/2012

18/07/2012 03/01/2013 18/09/2012 to 17/10/2012

Demonstration of Prior CDM Consideration: As per the Guidelines provided in Clean development mechanism project cycle procedure, Version 03.1, the project participant shall inform a Host Party designated national authority (DNA) and the UNFCCC secretariat in writing of the commencement of the project activity and of their intention to seek CDM status within 180 days of the start date of the project activity as defined in the Glossary of CDM terms, by using the Prior consideration of the CDM form (F-CDM-PC). In compliance with above, PP has signed an agreement EPC contractor (first major investment) on 04/05/2012 for the project activity and subsequently intimated to UNFCCC and the DNA about its intention to seek CDM status on 12/07/2012 which is less than six months of the start date of project activity.

B.6. Emission reductions B.6.1. Explanation of methodological choices Project emissions For most renewable energy project activities, PEy = 0. However, for the following categories of project activities, project emissions have to be considered following the procedure described in the most recent version of ACM0002. Emissions related to the operation of geothermal power plants (e.g. non condensable gases, electricity/fossil fuel consumption); Emissions from water reservoirs of hydro power plants. This project activity involves electricity generation from solar energy and there is no fossil fuel consumption is considered at the project site. Hence, no emission resulting due to the project activity has been considered. Baseline Emissions As determined in section B.4 of the PDD, the baseline to the project activity is generation of electricity by the operation of existing grid-connected power plants and by the addition of new generation sources to the NEWNE Grid in absence of the project activity power plant. As per paragraph 11 of AMS-I.D. Version 17, the baseline emissions are the product of electrical energy baseline EGBL, y expressed in MWh of electricity produced by the renewable generating unit multiplied by the grid emission factor. BEy = EGPJ, y * EFgrid, CM, y Where: BEy EGPJ,y = = Baseline emissions in year y (tCO2/yr) Quantity of net electricity generation that is produced and fed into the grid as a result of

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EFgrid,CM,y

the implementation of the CDM project activity in year y (MWh/yr) Combined margin CO2 emission factor for grid connected power generation in year y calculated using the version 03.0.0 of the Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity system

Leakage Leakage (LEy): According to the methodology, leakage is to be considered only if the energy generating equipment is transferred from another activity or if the existing equipment is transferred to another activity. There is no equipment transfer involved in the project activity.

Emission reductions: Emission reductions are calculated as follows: ERy = BEy - PEy - LEy Where: ERy = Emission reductions in year y (tCO2e) BEy = Baseline emissions in year y (tCO2e) PEy = Project emissions in year y (tCO2e) LEy = Leakage emissions in year y (tCO2e) Since PEy and LEy is zero as explained above, ERy = BEy B.6.2. Data and parameters fixed ex ante Data / Parameter Unit Description Source of data Value(s) applied Choice of data or Measurement methods and procedures Purpose of data Additional comment EFgrid,OM,y tCO2/MWh Simple operating Margin emission factor for NEWNE grid Referred from CO2 Baseline Database for the Indian Power Sector prepared by Central Electricity Authority, Version 7.0. 0.9842 The CO2 database is an official publication of Government of India to facilitate adoption of authentic baseline emissions data and also to ensure uniformity in the calculations of CO2 emission reductions by CDM project developers in India. It is based on most recent data available to the Central Electricity Authority and hence considered authentic. Calculation of baseline emissions The value has been fixed ex-ante for the first crediting period.

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Data / Parameter Unit Description Source of data Value(s) applied Choice of data or Measurement methods and procedures Purpose of data Additional comment

EFgrid,BM,y tCO2/MWh Build Margin emission factor for NEWNE grid Referred from CO2 Baseline Database for the Indian Power Sector prepared by Central Electricity Authority, Version 7.0. 0.8588 The CO2 database is an official publication of Government of India to facilitate adoption of authentic baseline emissions data and also to ensure uniformity in the calculations of CO2 emission reductions by CDM project developers in India. It is based on most recent data available to the Central Electricity Authority and hence considered authentic. Calculation of baseline emissions The value has been fixed ex-ante for the first crediting period.

Data / Parameter Unit Description Source of data Value(s) applied Choice of data or Measurement methods and procedures Purpose of data Additional comment

EFgrid,CM, y tCO2/MWh Combined Margin CO2 emission factor for NEWNE grid Estimated figure based on 75% of OM and 25% of BM values 0.9528 Calculated based on the values of operating margin and build margin and the corresponding weighting sourced from Central Electricity Authority: Baseline CO2 Emission Database Version 07 Calculation of baseline emissions The value has been fixed ex-ante for the first crediting period.

B.6.3. Ex-ante calculation of emission reductions For a given year, the emission reductions contributed by the project activity (ERy) is calculated as follows: BEy = EGPJ, y * EFgrid, CM, y Where: BEy EGPJ,y EFgrid,CM,y = = = Baseline emissions in year y (tCO2/yr) Quantity of net electricity generation that is produced and fed into the grid as a result of the implementation of the CDM project activity in year y (MWh/yr) Combined margin CO2 emission factor for grid connected power generation in year y calculated using the version 03.0.0 of the Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity system

EG PJ, y = EG facility, y EG PJ, y: Quantity of net electricity supplied by project activity to the grid.

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Quantity of net electricity supplied (for first year): Project Capacity * Total No. of operation hours in a year * PLF * (1- Auxiliary Consumption) Quantity of net electricity supplied (from 2nd year onwards): Quantity of net electricity supplied in the previous year * (1 - Annual module degradation factor) Quantity of net electricity supplied (first year): 5 MW * 365 days * 24 hours * 20.00 %*( 1- 0.25%) = 8738 MWh/year EG PJ, y: 8738 MWh /year Thus, BEy for first year = = 8,738 MWh/year x 0.9528 tCO2/MWh 8,325 tCO2e/year

BEy (Average emissions/annum for entire crediting period) = 8,177 tCO2e/year ERy = BEy - PEy Where: ERy BEy PEy = Emission reductions in year y (t CO2e/yr) = Baseline emissions in year y (t CO2e/yr) = Project emissions in year y (t CO2e/yr)

ERy = 8,177 0 = 8,177 tCO2e/annum Degradation factor for the subsequent years will be 0.50 (based on RERC tariff order dated 30.05.2012) The emission reductions will be calculated based on actual net electricity supplied to the grid, using the baseline emission factor presented above. B.6.4. Summary of ex-ante estimates of emission reductions Baseline emissions (t CO2e) 8,325 8,325 8,284 8,242 8,201 8,160 8,119 8,079 8,038 7,998 Project emissions (t CO2e) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Leakage (t CO2e) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Emission reductions (t CO2e) 8,325 8,325 8,284 8,242 8,201 8,160 8,119 8,079 8,038 7,998

Year Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10

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Total Total number of crediting years Annual average over the crediting period B.7. Monitoring plan

81,771 10 years 8,177

81,771

8,177

B.7.1. Data and parameters to be monitored Data / Parameter Unit Description Source of data Value(s) applied EG facility, y MWh/year Quantity of net electricity generation supplied by the project plant/unit to the grid in year y Monthly Invoices/JMR provided by State Utility 8,738 MWh in first year (Estimated based on generation capacity @ 5 MW, annual operation @ 8760 hours, plant load factor @ 20.00% and auxiliary consumption of 0.25%.) Measurement methods and procedures: It is a calculated parameter, calculated as difference between total electricity exported to grid by project activity and total power imported from grid by project activity i.e. EG facility, y = EG Export, y- EG Import, y Where, EG facility, y is the quantity of net electricity supplied by the project activity to the grid in year y EG Export, y is the quantity of electricity exported by the project activity to the grid in year y EG Import, y is the quantity of electricity imported by the project activity from the grid in year y. Responsibility: The meter reading for both exported and imported power would be taken monthly by the personnel from RVPNL in presence of PP representative. Data Type: Calculated. Accuracy class of energy meter: 0.2S Continuous measurement, hourly monitoring and monthly recording The PP would raise bill to respective Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Limited (RVPNL) on monthly basis for the energy fed into grid. Sales record to the grid and the invoice raised for receiving payment from state electricity board are used to cross check this data and hence ensure consistency. Calculation of baseline emissions The period of storage of data will be 2 years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for the project activity whichever occurs later.

Measurement methods and procedures

Monitoring frequency QA/QC procedures

Purpose of data Additional comment

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Data / Parameter Unit Description Source of data Value(s) applied Measurement methods and procedures

Monitoring frequency QA/QC procedures Purpose of data Additional comment

EG export, y MWh/year Quantity of electricity exported by the project plant/unit to the grid in year y Monthly Invoices/JMR provided by State Utility 8,738 MWh in first year Measurement Procedure: The metering system will include a main meter and a back-up check meter. Electricity exported by the project activity to the grid would be monitored through the main meter installed at the interconnection point i.e. the substation. Online arrangement would be made for submission of this data to State utility (Rajasthan) for the entire duration of PPA The procedures for metering shall comply with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) regulation 2006, the grid code, as amended and revised from time to time. EG export, y = (N5)* (N1+N2) / (N5+N20) Where, N5=Quantity of electricity generated by the 5 MW project measured at the pooling station at the plant site (Measured by Main meter M3, Check meter M4) Accuracy of the Measurement Method: In case of failure of main meter, the Electricity data would be referred from the check meter. If during any month the readings of the Bill/Main meter and check meter are found to be doubtful or beyond the permissible deviation, both sets of the meters shall be checked and calibrated in the presence of authorized representatives of both the parties. Corrections shall be made, if required, on the basis of error detected during the process in the monthly bill. These corrections should be full and final for the bill of that month. Responsibility: The meter reading would be taken monthly by the personnel from RVPNL in presence of PP representative. Accuracy class of energy meters: 0.2S Continuous measurement, hourly monitoring and monthly recording The energy meter would be calibrated annually. Calculation of baseline emissions The period of storage of data will be 2 years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for the project activity whichever occurs later.

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Data / Parameter Unit Description Source of data Value(s) applied Measurement methods and procedures

EG import, y MWh/year Quantity of electricity imported by the project plant/unit from the grid in year y Monthly Invoices/JMR provided by State Utility 0 Measurement Procedure: The metering system will include both set of main meter and check meter at the utility substation. Electricity imported by the project activity from the grid would be monitored through the main meter installed at the interconnection point i.e. at the utility substation. Online arrangement would be made for submission of this data to RVPNL for the entire duration of PPA The procedures for metering shall comply with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) regulation 2006, the grid code, as amended and revised from time to time.

EG import, y =(N1i+N2i)*N5/(N20+N5) Where


N2i =Number of unites imported and reading in meter located at utility substation[Main Meter (M7), Check Meter (M8)]

N1i =Number unites imported and reading in meter located at utility substation[Main Meter (M5), Check Meter (M6)]N5=Quantity of
electricity generated by the 5 MW project measured at the pooling station at the plant site (Measured by Main meter M3, Check meter M4) N20=Quantity of electricity generated by the 20 MW project measured at the pooling station at the plant site (Measured by Main meter M1, Check meter M2)Accuracy of the Measurement Method: In case of failure of main meter, the Electricity data would be referred from the check meter. If during any month the readings of the Bill/Main meter and check meter are found to be doubtful or beyond the permissible deviation, both sets of the meters shall be checked and calibrated in the presence of authorized representatives of both the parties. Corrections shall be made, if required, on the basis of error detected during the process in the monthly bill. These corrections should be full and final for the bill of that month. Responsibility: The meter reading would be taken monthly by the personnel from RVPNL in presence of PP representative.

Accuracy class of energy meters: 0.2S


Monitoring frequency QA/QC procedures Purpose of data Additional comment Continuous measurement, hourly monitoring and monthly recording The energy meter would be calibrated annually. Calculation of baseline emissions The period of storage of data will be 2 years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for the project activity whichever occurs later.

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Data / Parameter Unit Description Source of data

N20 MWh/year Quantity of electricity generated by the 20 MW project measured at the pooling station at the plant site Main meter/check meter readings at the pooling station dedicated to 20 MW power plant (Main meter M1, Check meter M2) readings at the substation (see diagram below).

Value(s) applied Measurement methods and procedures

To be determined ex post
Measurement Procedure: The metering system will include a main meter and a back-up check meter at the pooling station located at plant site. Electricity generated by the project activity would be monitored through the main meter installed at the pooling station. The procedures for metering shall comply with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) regulation 2006, the grid code, as amended and revised from time to time. Accuracy of the Measurement Method: In case of failure of main meter, the Electricity data would be referred from the check meter. If during any month the readings of the Bill/Main meter and check meter are found to be doubtful or beyond the permissible deviation, both sets of the meters shall be checked and calibrated in the presence of authorized representatives of both the parties. Corrections shall be made, if required, on the basis of error detected during the process in the monthly bill. These corrections should be full and final for the bill of that month. Accuracy class of energy meters: 0.2S Continuous measurement, hourly monitoring and monthly recording The energy meter would be calibrated annually. Calculation of baseline emissions The period of storage of data will be 2 years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for the project activity whichever occurs later.

Monitoring frequency QA/QC procedures Purpose of data Additional comment

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Data / Parameter Unit Description Source of data

N5 MWh/year Quantity of electricity generated by the 5 MW project measured at the pooling station at the plant site Main meter/check meter readings at the pooling station dedicated to 5 MW power plant (Main meter M3, Check meter M4) readings at the substation (see diagram below).

Value(s) applied Measurement methods and procedures

To be determined ex post
Measurement Procedure: The metering system will include a main meter and a back-up check meter at the pooling station located at plant site. Electricity generated by the project activity would be monitored through the main meter installed at the pooling station. The procedures for metering shall comply with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) regulation 2006, the grid code, as amended and revised from time to time. Accuracy of the Measurement Method: In case of failure of main meter, the Electricity data would be referred from the check meter. If during any month the readings of the Bill/Main meter and check meter are found to be doubtful or beyond the permissible deviation, both sets of the meters shall be checked and calibrated in the presence of authorized representatives of both the parties. Corrections shall be made, if required, on the basis of error detected during the process in the monthly bill. These corrections should be full and final for the bill of that month. Accuracy class of energy meters: 0.2S Continuous measurement, hourly monitoring and monthly recording The energy meter would be calibrated annually. Calculation of baseline emissions The period of storage of data will be 2 years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for the project activity whichever occurs later.

Monitoring frequency QA/QC procedures Purpose of data Additional comment

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Data / Parameter Unit Description

Source of data Value(s) applied Measurement methods and procedures

N1 MWh/year Quantity of electricity exported to the grid through 32 KV transmission line from the pooling station to the substation and measured at utility substation. Main meter/check meter (Main meter M5, Check meter M6) readings at the substation (see diagram below)

To be determined ex post
Measurement Procedure: The metering system will include a main meter and a back-up check meter located at the utility sub-station. This parameter would measure part of the total electricity exported to the grid through first transmission line from the pooling station of the project activity. The procedures for metering shall comply with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) regulation 2006, the grid code, as amended and revised from time to time. Accuracy of the Measurement Method: In case of failure of main meter, the Electricity data would be referred from the check meter. If during any month the readings of the Bill/Main meter and check meter are found to be doubtful or beyond the permissible deviation, both sets of the meters shall be checked and calibrated in the presence of authorized representatives of both the parties. Corrections shall be made, if required, on the basis of error detected during the process in the monthly bill. These corrections should be full and final for the bill of that month. Accuracy class of energy meters: 0.2S Continuous measurement, hourly monitoring and monthly recording The energy meter would be calibrated annually. Calculation of baseline emissions The period of storage of data will be 2 years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for the project activity whichever occurs later.

Monitoring frequency QA/QC procedures Purpose of data Additional comment

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Data / Parameter Unit Description

Source of data Value(s) applied Measurement methods and procedures

Monitoring frequency QA/QC procedures Purpose of data Additional comment

N2 MWh/year Quantity of electricity exported to the grid through 32 KV transmission line from the pooling station to the substation and measured at utility substation. Main meter/check meter (Main meter M7, Check meter M8) readings at the substation (see diagram below) To be determined ex post Measurement Procedure: The metering system will include a main meter and a back-up check meter located at the utility sub-station. This parameter would measure second part of the total electricity exported to the grid through second transmission line from the pooling station of the project activity. The procedures for metering shall comply with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) regulation 2006, the grid code, as amended and revised from time to time. Accuracy of the Measurement Method: In case of failure of main meter, the Electricity data would be referred from the check meter. If during any month the readings of the Bill/Main meter and check meter are found to be doubtful or beyond the permissible deviation, both sets of the meters shall be checked and calibrated in the presence of authorized representatives of both the parties. Corrections shall be made, if required, on the basis of error detected during the process in the monthly bill. These corrections should be full and final for the bill of that month. Accuracy class of energy meters: 0.2S Continuous measurement, hourly monitoring and monthly recording The energy meter would be calibrated annually. Calculation of baseline emissions The period of storage of data will be 2 years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for the project activity whichever occurs later.

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Data / Parameter Unit Description

N1i MWh/year

Quantity of electricity imported from the grid through 32 KV transmission line from the utility sub- station to the pooling substation and measured at utility sub-station.
Main meter/check meter (Main meter M5, Check meter M6) readings at the utility substation (see diagram below).

Source of data Value(s) applied Measurement methods and procedures

To be determined ex post
Measurement Procedure: The metering system will include a main meter and a back-up check meter at the utility sub-station. This parameter would measure part of the total electricity imported from the grid through first transmission line from the utility sub-station to the pooling sub-station. The procedures for metering shall comply with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) regulation 2006, the grid code, as amended and revised from time to time. Accuracy of the Measurement Method: In case of failure of main meter, the Electricity data would be referred from the check meter. If during any month the readings of the Bill/Main meter and check meter are found to be doubtful or beyond the permissible deviation, both sets of the meters shall be checked and calibrated in the presence of authorized representatives of both the parties. Corrections shall be made, if required, on the basis of error detected during the process in the monthly bill. These corrections should be full and final for the bill of that month. Accuracy class of energy meters: 0.2S Continuous measurement, hourly monitoring and monthly recording The energy meter would be calibrated annually. Calculation of baseline emissions The period of storage of data will be 2 years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for the project activity whichever occurs later.

Monitoring frequency QA/QC procedures Purpose of data Additional comment

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Data / Parameter Unit Description

N2i MWh/year

Quantity of electricity imported from the grid through 32 KV transmission line from the utility sub-station to the pooling substation and measured at utility sub-station.
Main meter/check meter (Main meter M7, Check meter M8) readings at the utility substation (see diagram below).

Source of data Value(s) applied Measurement methods and procedures

To be determined ex post
Measurement Procedure: The metering system will include a main meter and a back-up check meter at the utility sub-station. This parameter would measure part of the total electricity imported from the grid through second transmission line from the utility sub-station to the pooling sub-station. The procedures for metering shall comply with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) regulation 2006, the grid code, as amended and revised from time to time. Accuracy of the Measurement Method: In case of failure of main meter, the Electricity data would be referred from the check meter. If during any month the readings of the Bill/Main meter and check meter are found to be doubtful or beyond the permissible deviation, both sets of the meters shall be checked and calibrated in the presence of authorized representatives of both the parties. Corrections shall be made, if required, on the basis of error detected during the process in the monthly bill. These corrections should be full and final for the bill of that month. Accuracy class of energy meters: 0.2S Continuous measurement, hourly monitoring and monthly recording The energy meter would be calibrated annually. Calculation of baseline emissions The period of storage of data will be 2 years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for the project activity whichever occurs later.

Monitoring frequency QA/QC procedures Purpose of data Additional comment

B.7.2. Sampling plan Sampling plan is not applicable for the project

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B.7.3. Other elements of monitoring plan Calculation of electricity exported: The SLD shown below explains the monitoring of the electricity supplied to NEWNE grid

Electricity to the NEWNE Grid


NG = N1+N2

Net electricity exported by the 5 MW Project activity = (N5)*(N1+N2-N1i-N2i)/ (N5+N20)

Metering Sub Station at Bap (Maintained by Utility)


Main Meter (M5) Check Meter (M6) N1 Units (Export) N1i Units (Import) Main Meter (M7) Check Meter (M8) N2 Units (Export) N2i Units (Import)

33 KV Double Circuit Transmission Line (Transmitting Equal power in ideal condition)

(N20+N5)- !G

Two sets of main meters and check meters are installed at the pooling substation (maintained by PP and dedicated to 20 MW& 5 MW plant separately). Two sets of main meters and check meters are located at the utility sub-station which would be calibrated by State utility and are used to prepare JMR.

Main Meter (M1) Check Meter(M2) (N 20 Units)

Main Meter (M3) Check Meter (M4) (N 5 Units)

Pooling sub-station at plant site (Maintained by Project Proponent)

20 MW SPV Power plant (GISFL)

5 MW SPV Power plant (GISPL)

The Project activity (5 MW solar plant) is connected to a pooling substation situated at the plant site where the electricity exported by the project is measured by an individual energy meter. This pooling substation is also connected to a 20 MW solar power plant (by a different entity) whose electricity exported is also measured by an individual energy meter. . The electricity from the two power plants is pooled here and is transmitted together through two transmission lines to the grid substation situated at Bap. There are two energy meters at this substation which measure the total electricity exported by the two power plants (20 MW and 5 MW) through the two transmission lines. The billing and monitoring of import/export is done by the state utility through these two meters at the Bap substation. The net elctricity generated by the power plant is calculated in the same ratio as measured in the polling sub-station at the plant site. Transmission losses are not monitored since the billing is done at the grid sub-station, where the net electricity already accounts the transmission losses. The gross transmission losses (!G) is provided for understanding

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only.The procedure to apportion the net electricity exported is provided below. The supporting diagram explaining the same is provided above.

Electricity Parameters N5 N20 N1 N2 !G NG 5MW Transmission


Losses

Description Number of units (kWh) generated by 5 MW power plant and reading in the meter dedicated to 5MW plant located at pooling station (readings in meters M3,M4). Number of units (kWh) generated by 20 MW power plant and reading in the meter dedicated to 20MW plant located at pooling station (readings in meters M1,M2). Part of net electricity exported to the grid from utility substation (Readings from meters M5, M6) (KWh) Part of net electricity exported to the grid from utility substation (Readings from meters M7, M8) (KWh) Gross Transmission Losses Total KWh fed into NEWNE grid by 5 MW SPV by GISPL and 20 MW SPV by GISFL Transmission losses in the electricity exported from 5MW SPV: 5MW Transmission Losses= !G* N5 / (N5+N20) Number of unites imported and reading in meter located at utility substation[Main Meter (M7), Check Meter (M8)] Number unites imported and reading in meter located at utility substation[Main Meter (M5), Check Meter (M6)]

N2i N1i

Meters M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 M7 M8

Description and location of meters Main meter located at pooling substation used to measure electricity exported by 20 MW SPV by GISFL(dedicated meter) Check meter located at pooling substation used to measure electricity exported by 20 MW SPV by GISFL(dedicated meter) Main meter located at pooling substation used to measure electricity exported by 5 MW SPV by GISPL(dedicated meter) Check meter located at pooling substation used to measure electricity exported by 5 MW SPV by GISPL(dedicated meter) Main meter located at utility substation at Bap used to measure electricity exported to the grid transmitted by 1st transmission line from pooling station Check meter located at utility substation at Bap used to measure electricity exported to the grid transmitted by 1st transmission line from pooling station Main meter located at utility substation at Bap used to measure electricity exported to the grid transmitted by 2nd transmission line from pooling station Check meter located at utility substation at Bap used to measure electricity exported to the grid transmitted by 2nd transmission line from pooling station

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The CDM project team is delegated with the responsibility to monitor and document the electricity generated and also safe keeping of the recorded data. The project team is also responsible for calculation of actual creditable emission reduction in the most transparent and relevant manner. The organizational structure for the monitoring plan is as mentioned below:

Designation Manager Projects Project / site Engineer

Responsibilities Holds complete control over monitoring aspects pertaining to the project Recording Verification Storage of data Operation and Maintenance Storage of Data Data Recording

Operation & Maintenance engineer/Service Provider

Organizational Structure for Monitoring Plan Manager

Project Engineer/Controller

O& M Engineer/ Service Provider Operation and maintenance: O & M team will be responsible for preventive maintenance, handling emergency situations and improvement measures. Operating and maintaining a solar PV power plant requires certain degree of skills and exposure to state of the art equipment and technology. In order to maintain a close knit operation and safe maintenance, sufficient training will be provided to the O&M team before the implementation of the project. Monitoring & Frequency of monitoring: Main meter and check meter will be installed with facilities to record net electricity supplied to grid and as per the standards stipulated in the Central Electricity Authoritys Regulation 2006 and regulation issued by the State electricity regulatory commission. As per section B.7.1. Monthly generation data is directly measured from installed main meter readings. Readings are taken up by RVPNL personnel in presence of Project Proponent or their representatives. The meters shall be tested and calibrated annually.

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QA/ QC procedure The readings from the energy meters will be taken in the presence of the RVPNL official and a project proponent representative. The standby meters or check meters also form a part of the monitoring plan and will be used in case the main meters are not working. All meters will be calibrated annually. Records of calibration certificates will be maintained for verification purposes. Hence, a reliable method will be ensured with monitoring of the parameters. The invoice records will be used and kept for cross checking the consistency of the recorded data. Data Recording and Storage The above document will be kept at safe storage for verification of emission reductions generated from the project activity. All the data monitored under the monitoring plan will be kept for two years after the end of crediting period or till the last issuance of CERs for these project activities whichever occurs later.

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SECTION C. Duration and crediting period C.1. Duration of project activity C.1.1. Start date of project activity 04/05/2012 (The date of signing of Wrap agreement) C.1.2. Expected operational lifetime of project activity 25 years, 0 month C.2. Crediting period of project activity C.2.1. Type of crediting period Fixed Crediting Period C.2.2. Start date of crediting period 15/05/2013 or the date of submission of PDD for request for registration of the project activity to UNFCCC by the DOE C.2.3. Length of crediting period 10 years 0 months SECTION D. Environmental impacts D.1. Analysis of environmental impacts As per the latest notification issued on 01/12/2009 for Environment Impact Analysis (EIA) by Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India 7 solar power project need not to get Prior Environmental Clearance (EC) either from State or Central Govt. authorities SECTION E. Local stakeholder consultation E.1. Solicitation of comments from local stakeholders The project activity being undertaken envisages the installation of a Solar Power Project for supply to grid. The stakeholders for a project activity are defined as the public, including individuals, groups or communities, affected, or likely to be affected, by the proposed CDM project activity. A meeting was organized on 23/08/2012 at Bap Village, to inform the local stakeholders about the project activity and discuss their concerns, if any, regarding the project activity. Local stakeholders including Sarpanchs and residents of the neighbouring villages were invited to the meeting through a newspaper advertisement and a public notice. The agenda of the meeting was as follows: Welcome Speech Introduction to Climate Change and Clean Development Mechanism Views expressed by the villagers Interactive session with the stakeholders Vote of Thanks The representatives of O&M People and the project proponent presented the salient features of the project activity to the stakeholders. The opinions expressed by the local stakeholders and the respective responses were recorded. E.2. Summary of comments received A summary of the comments and queries from the stakeholders are presented below along with the responses from the representatives of the project participants:
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Comment / Query from Stakeholder

Response from Representative of the Project Participant We feel that more projects can be brought here. Can With support given by villagers, state utility, and the number of projects be increased? government officials, the number of solar power projects in the region can be increased. Can electricity be supplied to the villagers and The power generated will be transmitted to the state neighbourhood areas? electricity grid. The state utility distributes the power to according to the amount of power at its disposal and the power demand. The stakeholders also acknowledged the socio-economic benefits of the project activity including improved infrastructure in the region, and employment opportunities for local residents. E.3. Report on consideration of comments received There were no concerns raised by the local stakeholders. The potential benefits of the project activity for the local stakeholders were acknowledged. SECTION F. Approval and authorization PP has got approval from the host country on 09/04/2013 (Reference No. : 4/1/2013 CCC) -----

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Appendix 1: Contact information of project participants Organization name Street/P.O. Box Building City State/Region Postcode Country Telephone Fax E-mail Website Contact person Title Salutation Last name Middle name First name Department Mobile Direct fax Direct tel. Personal e-mail Green infra Solar Projects Limited 2nd floor, Pushp Vihar, Saket sector V NBCC plaza Tower II New Delhi Delhi 110017 India +91 11 49190501 +91 11 49190510 Shiv@greeninfralimited.in http://www.greeninfralimited.in/ Mr. Shivanand Nimbargi MD & CEO Mr. Nimbargi Shivanand +91 9810307322 +91 11 49190510 +91 11 49190501 shiv@greeninfralimited.in

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Appendix 2: Affirmation regarding public funding THERE IS NO PUBLIC FUNDING INVOLVE IN THIS PROJECT ACTIVITY.

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Appendix 3: Applicability of selected methodology

The information of the applicability of the selected methodology is given in section B.2

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Appendix 4: Further background information on ex ante calculation of emission reductions

The information of the ex ante calculation of emission reductions is given in section B.6.3

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Appendix 5: Further background information on monitoring plan

The information of the monitoring plan is given in section B.7.2

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Appendix 6: Summary of post registration changes This is not applicable for the project activity

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History of the document Version 04.1 04.0 03 Date 11 April 2012 EB 66 13 March 2012 EB 28, Annex 34 15 December 2006 EB 20, Annex 14 08 July 2005 Nature of revision Editorial revision to change history box by adding EB meeting and annex numbers in the Date column. Revision required to ensure consistency with the Guidelines for completing the project design document form for small-scale CDM project activities (EB 66, Annex 9). The Board agreed to revise the CDM project design document for small-scale activities (CDM-SSC-PDD), taking into account CDMPDD and CDM-NM. The Board agreed to revise the CDM SSC PDD to reflect guidance and clarifications provided by the Board since version 01 of this document. As a consequence, the guidelines for completing CDM SSC PDD have been revised accordingly to version 2. The latest version can be found at <http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Documents>. Initial adoption.

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EB 07, Annex 05 21 January 2003 Decision Class: Regulatory Document Type: Form Business Function: Registration