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Predavanje 8 Le Corbusier 1907-31

Charles Eduard Jeanneret


Le Corbusier (1887-1965)
Le Corbusier, Nature Morte au Siphon 1921.
PURISM
Objet-Type
Objekat platonskeforme, pogodanza
beskonacnoumnozavanje, stvar iz
svakodnevnogzivota.
jedino je kubizamuvideo
prednosti odabiranja pojedinih
objekata Ali sasvim
paradoksalno, umesto da pokaze
generalni princip ovih objekata,
kubizamje pokazao njihove
sporadicne aspekte.
Ozenfant and Jeanneret 1918
Le Corbusier, L'Esprit Nouveau, no.1 (Oct.1920).
Le Corbusier, L'Esprit Nouveau, no.1 (Oct.1920) :
View of two grain silos, Buenos Aires
Charles Eduard Jeanneret (Le Corbusier), Project, Domino housing, Perspective of structural scheme
1914-1915. Project, Domino housing
Perspective of structural scheme 1914-1915.
...Dwellings will incorporate the principle of mass-production and of large-scale industrialization...
Building "to measure" will cease...
Le Corbusier, Vers une architecture (Toward New Architecture), 1921.
Domus
Dominoes
LE CORBUSIER,
Toward a New Architecture, 1923
Parthenon:
all the plastic machinery is realized
in marble with a rigor that we learn to apply
in the machine. The impression is of naked,
polished steel.
LE CORBUSIER,
Ka novoj arhitekturi, 1923
...Akoiz srcai iz duseodstranimosvemrtve
koncepteu vezi sakucamai razmotrimoto
pitanjesakritickei objektivnetackegledista,
doci cemodo Kucemasine, kuceza
masovnuproizvodnju, zdrave(i moralno
takodje) i lepenaisti nacinkaosto suorudja
i pribor zarad koji su deonasegzivotalepi
Le Corbusier, Maison Citrohan 1922
PILOTIS Citroen - Citrohan
House standardized as an automobile
Pet tacaka nove arhitekture, 1926
1. Piloti koji podizu masu od zemlje.
2. Slobodan plan, koji se postize
odvajanjemnosecih stubova od
pregradnih zidova.
3. Slobodna fasada, posldica slobodnog
plana u vertikalnoj ravni.
4. Dugacki horizontalni klizeci prozori.
5. Krovna basta, koja nadomescuje prostor
na zemlji pokriven kucom.
Le Corbusier, Workers housing at Pessac, 1926.
Le Corbusier, Project, Ville Contemporaine (City for Three Million Inhabitants), Plan 1922.
Le Corbusier, Project, Ville Contemporaine (City for Three Million Inhabitants), Plan 1922.
Le Corbusier, Project, Immeubles-Villas, Perspective of facade formed by stacked modules 1922.
Le Corbusier, Project, Immeubles-Villas, Perspective of facade formed by stacked modules 1922.
CIAM, La Sarraz, 1928
1
st
CONGRES INTERNATIONAL ARCHITECTURE MODERN
Gradjenjerather than Architecture je
elementarnaaktivnostcovekaintimnovezanazaevolucijui razvoj ljudskogzivota
Le Corbusire, La Ville Radieuse, 1935.
4th Meeting of CIAM, Marseilles-Athens, 1933
Theme: The Functional City
Le Corbusier, Athens Charter (1942)
1
st
; 2
nd
& 3
rd
CIAM 1928-30: Housing
4
th
-6
th
CIAM 1933-1947: Urbanism
Le Corbusier, Exposition des Arts Decoratifs 1925. Pavillon de L'Esprit Nouveau, Paris 1925.
PARIS, France.
Le Corbusier, Exposition des Arts Decoratifs 1925. Pavillon de L'Esprit Nouveau, Paris 1925.
PARIS, France.
Le Corbusier, the Four House Types , 1929:
1. Maison La Roche
2. Villa at Garches
3. Villa Baizeau
4. Villa Savoye
Le Corbusier, Villa La Riche-Jeanneret Auteuil, Paris, 1923-5.
Le Corbusier, Villa La Riche-Jeanneret Auteuil, Paris, 1923-5.
Le Corbusier, Villa La Riche-
Jeanneret Auteuil, Paris, 1923-5.
Le Corbusier, Villa La Riche-Jeanneret Auteuil, Paris, 1923-5.
Le Corbusier, Maison Cook, Boulogne-sur-Seine, 1926-7.
Le Corbusier, Villa Stein/de Monzie, Garches, 1926-8.
Le Corbusier, Villa Stein/de Monzie,
Garches, Model, Garden facade, 1926-8.
Le Corbusier, Villa Stein/de Monzie,
Garches, Model, Front facade, 1926-8.
Palladios Villa Malcontenta, 1560 (top) and Le Corbusiers Villa Stein-de Monzie, Garches 1927
with analyses of their proprtional rhythm.
Colin Rowe, The Mathematics of the Ideal Villa
a b a b a
2 1 2 1 2
centrality
centrifugality
Le Corbusier, Villa Stein/de Monzie, Garches, 1926-8.
Le Corbusier, Villa Stein/de Monzie, Garches,
1926-8.
Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31.
Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31.
Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31.
Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31.
Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31.
Detail: Pilotis
Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31.
Detail: Entrance with the spiral stairs and the ramp
Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31,
The first-floor suspended garden
Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31.
The first-floor saloon
Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31.
First floor terrace and the roof garden
Le Corbusier, the Four House Types , 1929:
1. Maison La Roche
2. Villa at Garches
3. Villa Baizeau
4. Villa Savoye
Peivatna udobnost
vs.
javni arhitektonski red