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B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIL/MAY 2010 Fourth Semester Civil Engineering CE2254 SURVEYING II (Regulation 2008) Time: Three hours Answer ALL Questions PART A (10 2 = 20 marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Why is an anallactic lens provided in tacheometer? What are the multiplying constant and additive constant of a tacheometer? What is meant by phase of a signal? What do you understand by eccentricity of signal? Define conditioned quantity. What is meant by weight of an observation? What is equation of time? Distinguish between latitude and co-latitude. What do you understand by parallax? Distinguish between crab and drift. Maximum: 100 Marks

PART B (5 16 = 80 Marks) 11. (a) (i) Derive the expressions for horizontal and vertical distance by fixed hair method when the line of sight is inclined and staff is held vertically. (8) Determine the gradient from a point P to a point Q from the following observations carried out with a tacheometer fitted with an anallactic lens.

Staff point P Q Bearing 340 70 Vertical angle +17 +12 Staff readings 0.760, 1.455, 2.170 0.655, 1.845, 3.150 O O

(ii)

Instrument station

Assume that the staff is held vertical and that the multiplying constant of the instrument is 100. (8) Or (b) (i) (ii)

Inst. station A

Explain the objectives and theory of the anallactic lens. The following are the observations taken by a theodolite.

Staff station BM Target Lower Upper Vertical angle 12 9 6 +4 Staff reading 0.650 2.550 1.255 3.100 Remarks RL of the bench mark = 500.500 m

(8)

Lower Upper

Find out the R.L of B and the distance between the BM and station B. (8) 12. (a) (i) What is meant by a satellite station and reduction to centre? Derive the expression for reducing the angles measured at the satellite station to centre. (8) The following observations were made on a satellite station S to determine angle BAC.

Line SA AB AC Length 9.500 m 2950 m 3525 m Line SA SB SC Bearing 0 00'00'' 78 46' 00'' 100 15' 00''

(ii)

(8)

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(b)

(i) (ii)

How do you determine the intervisibility of triangulation station? (7) The elevation of two triangulation stations A and B, 150 km apart, are 250 m and 1050 m above MSL. The elevation of two peaks C and D on the profile between satellite stations are 300 m and 550 m respectively. The distance AC = 50 km and AD = 85 km. Design a suitable signal required at B, so that it is visible from the ground station A. (9) What do you understand by the terms station adjustment and figure adjustment and also explain the method of adjustment by least squares. (8) The angles of a triangle ABC recorded were as follows: A = 77 14' 20 B = 49 40' 35 C = 53 04' 52 weight 4 weight 3 weight 2 (8)

13.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

What is meant by weight of an observation and enumerate laws of weights giving examples. (8) The following are the observed values of an angle. Angle 18 09' 18 18 09' 19 18 09' 20 weight 2 3 2

Determine probable error of observation of weight 3 and that of the weighted arithmetic mean. (8) 14. (a) (i) (ii) What is equation of time? Show that it vanishes four times a year. (8) Determine the hour angle and declination of star from the following data : Altitude of the star Altitude of the star 22 30' 145 E (8)

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(b)

(i) (ii)

What are parallax and refraction and how do they affect the measurements of vertical angles in astronomical work? (8) If the GST of GMN is 13h 29m 28s, what will be the HA of the star of RA 22h 19m 20s at a place in longitude 120 32' W at 2.10 A.M, GMT the same day. (8) (16)

15.

(a)

(b)

(i) (ii)

Derive the parallax equation for determining the heights from a pair of vertical photographs. (8) Two ground points A and B appear on a pair of overlapping photographs which have been taken from a height of 3600 m above mean sea level. The base lines as measured on the two photographs are 89.5 and 90.5 mm respectively. The mean parallax bar readings for A and B are 29.32 and 30.82 mm. If the elevation of A above the mean sea level is 230.35 m, compute the elevation of B. (8)

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