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Auxiliary power consumption in a thermal power plant is a major source of energy consumption.

During 2007-08, total generation by coal plants 488157.46 MUs PLF of 78.75 % and average auxiliary power consumption as 8.17 %

If steps could be taken to reduce this APC to only 8 %, it will help in avoiding fresh capacity addition of a unit of 120 MW size. Thus APC reduction initiatives not only reduce energy consumption but also ensure more revenue because of increase in energy export.

Steps adopted for APC reduction


Energy Management System in NTPC: Conducting energy audit in a structured manner and implementation of action plan & Check Audits Other Thrust Areas for Energy Conservation: On line monitoring of power consumption of various auxiliaries through OLEMS Monitoring the power consumption of each equipment before and after overhaul Introduction of latest state of the art technologies on specific systems without waiting for R&M of the whole power plant Better O&M practices Introduction of VFDs Energy efficient coating of the pumps

NTPC installed capacity: 27912 MW


Generation 2007-08 : 200864 MU 176818 MU 24046 MU

Coal Based generation : Gas Based generation :

Energy Management at NTPC

To widen the ambit of energy conservation, a group named Centre for Energy Efficient Technology & Energy Management has been established in Corporate Centre with mandate to oversee and coordinate in totality, different energy saving efforts in the power plants including energy audits.

Energy Management at NTPC

To comply with Energy Conservation Act 2001, all NTPC power plants have designated Heads of Energy Efficiency & Management Group (EEMG) as Energy Manager.

Energy Management at NTPC


EEMG groups are dedicated to monitor different energy efficiency parameters of power plant including implementation of different energy conservation measures in the power plant
NTPC formulated and adopted the Energy Management Policy in the year 2004.

CEETEM

Energy Management System in NTPC


Energy Audit System Installation of On Line Energy Monitoring System

Study and application technologies

of

innovative

energy

efficient

Organising mass awareness programs in NTPC townships On account of different efforts toward energy conservation, NTPC could save various forms of energy amounting to about Rs.180 Crores during the 10th five year plan NTPC an Energy Audit Company

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In any thermal power plant

Energy Inputs
Fuel i.e. Coal or Natural Gas Electrical Power (Aux. Power) Energy Output Electrical Power Efficiency Parameters Heat rate Kcal / KWh Aux Power Consumption %

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For overall monitoring these parameters are OK but due to complexity of the total process involved and for effective auditing, total process needs to be divided into many sub systems

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Energy Audits System


Energy Audit System includes Identification of sub systems of total process Preparation & Review of Energy Audit Procedures Preparation of Annual Energy Audit Schedule Conduct of Energy Audits Preparations of Reports indicating recommendations, saving potential and action plan Follow up the action plan

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Objectives of Energy Audit


Identifying potential areas of energy savings Finding avoidable Wastages if any Fixing energy saving potential target Drawing time bound action plan for implementation Assessing the sustainability of implemented recommendations List out expenditure in proposed action plan along with payback period

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Energy Audits System


Energy Audit indicates Where and how energy is being used Energy Saving Potential Energy Audit includes Walk though survey Recording of energy consumption data for major equipments Analysis of energy consumption data Comparison with base line for energy consumption data

CEETEM

Sub Systems in thermal power plant


Boiler Boiler efficiency Draft system Milling System Thermal Insulation Turbine Turbine efficiency Regenerative system

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Electro Static Precipitator Coal Handling Plant Ash Handling Plant CW system and Cooling Tower Merry Go Round System

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Compressed Air System Air Conditioning and Ventilation System

Water Balance
Lubricating Oil

Thrust Areas for Energy Conservation


On Line Energy Management System
Anything cant be controlled if it is not measured

To control and closely monitor the electrical power consumption of different subsystems of the power plants, existing stations are in the process of installing on-line energy management system. The system is planned to be introduced in all future NTPC power plants.
Merit order operation Shift in maintenance practices OLEMS system will help in monitoring system wise energy consumption

Thrust Areas for Energy Conservation Monitoring of power consumption of major equipments and estimating the gains through overhaul. Generating the trends for the deterioration in the performance in the such equipments.

Thrust Areas for Energy Conservation Better O&M Practices as Minimizing Feed Regulating Station Differential Pressure Stopping CW pumps at low ambient temperature On/Off line compressor washing in Gas stations.

Thrust Areas for Energy Conservation


Using Variable Frequency Drives for HT drives ( wherever flow control is achieved by Inlet guide vane / inlet damper / valve) Promoting vapour absorption system in place of vapour compression for air conditioning to prevent the use of flourocarbons

Thrust Areas for Energy Conservation

Coating of internals of large water pumps (CW pumps, Ash water pumps etc.) There is energy saving potential of 4 % through polymer coating on pump internals with payback of less than 01 year. This is achieved due to reduction in frictional losses

Compilation of Annual Energy Savings Savings due to operating practices Savings due to equipment maintenance. Savings due to system modification or replacement by efficient equipment Based upon sustainability of the EC measure annual saving is worked out

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Energy Conservation
Knowledge sharing To update the knowledge in the area of existing savings potentials through energy conservation in different fields of power plants, topic specific workshop on Potentials of Energy Savings in different areas of the power plants is organized annually. Participation is encouraged from different equipment designers, manufacturers, academicians and utilities including NTPCs power plants and near by IPPs / State Gen Cos in such workshops.

Technology Initiatives

ADOPTION OF IMPROVED SUB-CRITICAL PARAMETERS OF 150

KSC/ 5370C / 5650C FOR 500 MW UNITS.


660 MW UNITS WITH SUPER CRITICAL PARAMETERS OF 247 KSC / 5370C/ 5650C INTRODUCED AND ALREADY UNDER CONSTRUCTION. PLANS TO INTRODUCE HIGHER SIZE UNITS OF 800 MW.

DEVELOPMENT COMBINED USAID

OF

INTEGRATED (IGCC)

COAL

GASSIFICATION SUITABLE TO

CYCLE

TECHNOLOGY

INDIAN COAL THROUGH ITS COLLABORATIVE EFFORT WITH

Technology Initiatives
765

KV TRANSMISSION, ADVANCED CLASS GTS ARE

SOME OF THE TECHNOLOGIES BEING INTRODUCED.

THE

COMPANY SETS ASIDE UPTO 0.5% OF THE PROFITS

FOR R&D

ENERGY

TECHNOLOGIES CENTRE IS WORKING IN BOTH MANDATE WHICH TO WILL DEVELOP ENHANCE VARIOUS PLANT

FUNDAMENTAL AND APPLIED FIELDS AND HAS A WELL-DEFINED TECHNOLOGIES

RELIABILITY, EFFICIENCY ETC.

CEETEM

Conclusion
NTPC intends to bring down its APC through specific efforts towards energy conservation to bring down its energy intensity and generation cost.

Website : www.ntpc.co.in
DISCLAIMER The information contained in this document relating to projections and estimates are forward looking statements based on existing laws & Regulations. Actual result may vary materially from those expressed or implied, depending upon economic conditions, government policies and other incidental factors. Any opinion expressed is given in good faith but is subject to change without notice. No liability is accepted whatsoever for any direct or consequential loss arising from the use of this documents.

FORMAT FOR COMPILATION OF ENERGY SAVINGS (MONTHLY)

System wise energy savings


Unit no./ System Ener gy Energy consumed Energy consumed

(Stations having functional On Line Energy Management System)

Savings/ loss

If savings / loss,

Station

Unit

previous month

current month

over previous month

Initiatives undertaken / actions required

(MU )

Kwh / Mwh generated

(MU )

Kwh / Mwh generate d

(+/-) kwh/m wh

(+/-) Rs.in lacs

U#

FW system (BFP's)

MU

U#

Draft System (ID's + FD's + PA's)

U#

Milling (All Mills)

U#

Condensate System (CEP's + Drip pumps)

Energy Savings achieved due to specific efforts towards Energy Conservation


Quantity TYP E OF ENE RGY Savings due to Operating Practice Savings due to Equipmen t Maints Savings due to system modi./ replacement by efficient eqpts. Total savings achieved during the year (Rs.in Lacs) Expenditu re incurred (Rs. In Lacs) Savings due to Maints to be c/f to 2009-10

S. NO .

A RE A

ACTIVITIES

UNI TS

R AT E