tuT nryTj;jpl;l ciu 2014

mjpNkjF k`pe;j uh[gf;\ rdhjpgjp epjp jpl;lkply; mikr;ru;

= [atu;j;jdGu Nfhl;Nl> ,yq;if 2013 etk;gu; 21 Mk; jpfjp

,e;j ntspaPL tuT nryTj;jpl;l ciu -2014> mjDld; rku;g;gpf;fg;gLk; mwpf;iffs; kw;Wk; Mtzq;fspd; gl;bay; kw;Wk; njhopDl;g Fwpg;Gfis %d;W nkhopfspYk; cs;slf;fpAs;sJ. This publication contains Budget Speech 2014, a list of reports and documents being submitted therewith and the technical notes in the three languages.

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mjpfupg;gjw;Fk; njhopy;tha;g;Gf;fis cUthf;Ftjw;Fk; vkf;F KbAkhf ,Ue;jJ. ,e;j khehl;bd; ntw;wpfukhd Kbtpy; vkJ ehl;bw;F nghJeytha jiyikj;Jtk; toq;fg;gl;ljdhy; vkJ murhq;fj;jpd; ntspehl;Lf; nfhs;ifAk; vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf mike;Js;sJ. 1.4 nghUshjhuj;jpidg; gw;wpa ngha; gpj;jyhl;lq;fs; fhzg;gl;lNghjpYk; 2006 ,y; fhzg;gl;l 15.6 rjtPj tWik kl;lk; 2013 ,y; 6.4 rjtPjkhf tPo;r;rpaile;jik ehk; ngUikg;gl Ntz;ba tplankhd;whFk;. ,J xU tpgj;jhf Vw;gl;ljy;y. efug; Gwq;fSf;F khj;jpuk; fpilf;ff; $bajhf ,Ue;j kpd;rhuj;jpid ngUk;ghYk; KO ehl;bw;Fk; fpilf;fr; nra;jpUf;fpd;Nwhk;. kpd; ntl;L ,lk; ngw;w ehl;fis epidj;Jg; ghu;f;f KbahJs;sJ. midtUf;Fk; vf;fhyj;jpYk; kpd;rhuk; vd;gJ ,d;W ajhu;j;jkhfpAs;sJ. ePu;> jukhd ghijfs;> tuy; tiyaj;jpYs;s fhzpfSf;fhd ePu;g;ghrd Kiwik> rpwe;j ghlrhiyfs;> itj;jparhiyfs;> tPlikg;G> Jg;guNtw;ghL kw;Wk; tho;tjw;fhd #oy; Nghd;wtw;wpid ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd midj;J tha;g;GfSk; epahakhdsT Kd;Ndw;wk; mile;Js;sJld; vkJ kf;fspd; mbg;gilj; N;jitfs; ,it jhd; vd;gij czu;e;J nfhz;l vkJ murhq;fj;jpd; Mizahd “GjpanjhU ,yq;ifapid Nehf;fp k`pe;j rpe;jid” vd;w tplak; ehL KOtjpYk; njhlu;e;Jk; tpupthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. vkJ giltPuu;fs; rkhjhd kw;Wk; Njrpag; ghJfhg;gpid Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F xj;Jioj;jpUf;fhtpbd; Nkw;nrhd;d midj;J tplaq;fisAk; rhjpf;f KbahJ NghapUf;Fk;. ntspehLfspy; njhopy;Gupfpd;w vkJ kf;fs; mtu;fsJ jha; ehl;bw;F ngWkjpahd ntspehl;Lr; nryhtzpia ngw;Wj; jUfpd;wdu;. vkJ Mrpupau;fs; jukhd fy;tpapid vkJ rpWtu;fSf;F toq;Ftjw;F mu;g;gzj;Jld; nraw;gLtJld; vkJ kf;fspd; Rfhjhu juj;jpid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F Rfhjhuj; Jiw Copau;fs; mu;g;gzpg;Gld; nraw;gLfpd;wdu;. fpuhkpag; gpuNjrq;fspy; cs;s murhq;f Copau;fs; fpuhkpag; nghUshjhuj;jpid vOr;rp ngwr; nra;tjw;F fLikahf gzpahw;Wfpd;wdu;. vkJ rkaj; jiytu;fs; ehl;by; rka rftho;tpw;fhf ngUk; gq;fspg;Gr; nra;fpd;wdu;. vkJ fiyQu;fs; vOr;rpkpf;f Kd;ndLg;Gfis cUthf;Ftjw;F vkJ ngWkjpahd fyhr;rhuk; kw;Wk; fiyfspd; KJnfYk;Gfshf jpfo;fpd;wdu;. vkJ Copag;gil ifj;njhopy; rkhjhdk; kw;Wk; njhluhd cw;gj;jpj; jpwd; Nkk;ghL vd;gtw;Wld; cau;e;j Njrpa tUkhdj;jpid ngw;Wj; jUfpd;wdu;. ru;tNjr epjp epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; njhopy; Kaw;rpfs; vkJ nghUshjhuf; nfhs;ifapy; cau;e;j ek;gpf;ifapid itj;Js;sd. rkhjhdk;> Njrpa ey;ypzf;fk; kw;Wk; nghUshjhu Kd;ndLg;Gfs; vd;gtw;wpid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F vt;tpj epge;jidfSkw;w mtu;fsJ mu;g;gzpg;Gf;fhf mtu;fs; midtUk; ghupanjhU ghuhl;LjYf;F nghUj;jkhdtu;fshf ,Uf;fpd;wdu;. nghUshjhuk; nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ nghUshjhuk; njhlu;e;Jk; cWjpahf Kd;Ndw;wkile;;J tUfpd;wJ. ru;tNjr uPjpahff; fhzg;gLk; ];jpukw;w epiyikfs;> cau;e;j vz;nza; tpiyfs; kw;Wk; fle;j tUlk; Vw;gl;l kpf Nkhrkhd tul;rpapdhy; vjpu;Nehf;fg;gl;l rthy;fs; vd;gtw;wpw;F kj;jpapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l jpUj;jq;fs; fhuzkhf nghUshjhu tsu;r;rp Kd;ida tUlj;jpy; fhzg;gl;l 6.4 rjtPjj;jpypUe;J ,t;tUlj;jpd; %d;whtJ fhyhz;by; 7.8 rjtPjkhf mjpfupj;Js;sJ. ,t;tUlk; nghUshjhu tsu;;r;rp 7 rjtPjj;jpid tpQ;Rnkd ek;gpf;if njuptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJld; 2014-2016 eLj;juf;
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3.0 3.1

3.2

Nru;f;fg;gl;l jahupg;G Kiwik kw;Wk; Vw;WkjpapypUe;J vkJ ehl;bw;F trjpaspg;gjw;fhf Rje;jpu JiwKf kw;Wk; gpiz trjpfis ehk; Vw;fdNt mwpKfg;gLj;jpAs;Nshk;. 2020 ,y; vkJ Vw;Wkjp ,yf;fpid 20 gpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyuhf ehk; jpl;lkpl;Ls;Nshk;. ,jid mile;J nfhs;tjw;F vkJ ehzakhw;W tpfpj fl;likg;gpy; nefpo;r;rpj;jd;ikapid NgZfpd;w tifapy; cw;gj;jpj;jpwd; Nkk;ghlhdJ kpf Kf;fpakhdnjhd;whFk;. 3.3 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ Vw;Wkjpg; nghUshjhuk; nghUl;fs; Vw;WkjpAld; khj;jpuk; RUq;fptplf; $lhJ. tpahghuk; kw;Wk; mwpT nrad;Kiwr; Nritfs;> cau; njhopy; Nritfs;> JiwKfq;fs; kw;Wk; tpkhdg; Nghf;Ftuj;J Nritfs;> tq;fpj;njhopy; kw;Wk; epjpapay; Nritfs; Nghd;w NritfisAk; Vw;Wkjp nra;tjd; %yk; ,e;ehL mjd; Mw;wypid ep&gpj;Js;sJ. ,e;j NritfSk;$l fle;j Ie;J tUlq;fspd;NghJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT tsu;r;rpaile;Js;sJld; 5 gpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyUf;F mjpfkhd rk;ghj;jpaj;jpid ngw;Wf; nfhs;SnkdTk; vjpu;ghu;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. tpidj;jpwd;kpf;f njhopDl;g tFjpfs; ntspehl;L Ntiytha;g;gpid Cf;Ftpg;gJld; mj;jifa %yq;fspypUe;J ngwg;gLk; tUkhdk; 2016 ,y; Vwf;Fiwa 10 gpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyuhf,Uf;Fnkd vjpu;T $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. vkJ ehL ,d;W ru;tNjr epjpr; re;ijfSld; rpwe;j Kiwapy; njhlu;Ggl;Ls;;sJ. ru;tNjr uPjpapy; tpw;gid nra;ag;gl;l Kwpfspd; %ykhf murhq;fk; kw;Wk; tq;fpfs; 5 Kjy; 10 tUl epjpapid jpul;bAs;sd. ,J murhq;f kw;Wk; jdpahu; mgptpUj;jp nryTfSf;F epjpaspg;gjw;F Njitahd ntspehl;L epjpf; fpilg;gdtpid NkYk; mjpfupj;Js;sJ. vkJ Vw;Wkjpahsu;fs;> cau; tUkhdk; rk;ghjpf;fpd;w ntspehl;L Copau;fs;> tu;j;jf tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; cs;ehl;L epjpaq;fs; vd;gd mtw;wpdJ KjyPLfis nra;tjw;Fk; mNjNghd;W mtw;wpdJ tUkhd %yq;fis gd;Kfg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; ,J rpwe;jnjhU re;ju;g;gj;jpid toq;Ffpd;wJ. mur njhopy;Kaw;rpfs; nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ murhq;fk; ve;jnthU mur njhopy;Kaw;rpiaNah my;yJ mur tq;fpfisNah jdpahu; kag;gLj;jkhl;lhJ. vkJ ehl;bd; nghUshjhu kw;Wk; r%f Kd;Ndw;wj;jpw;fhfmurhq;fj;Jiw kw;Wk; jdpahu; Jiw vd;gtw;wpw;fpilapy; nghUshjhuj;jpy;epahakhd rkj;Jtj;jpid NgZk; tifapy; mur njhopy;Kaw;rpfs; fhzg;gl Ntz;Lnkd ehd; ek;Gfpd;Nwd;. mNjNghd;W> vkJ fhzp tsq;fis ntspehl;L cupikahsu;fSf;F tpw;gid %yk; cupj;J khw;Wtjid jLg;gjw;fhd rl;lq;fis ehk; cUthf;fp ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;. ,t;tUlj;jpypUe;J ntspehl;ltu;fs; mur kw;Wk; jdpahu; fhzpfis ePz;lfhy Fj;jif xg;ge;jq;fspd; %yk; khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. cl;fl;likg;G mgptpUj;jpfs; midj;J fhzpfspdJk; ngWkjpapid mjpfupf;fr; nra;jpUg;gjdhy; fhzpfspd; ePz;lfhy ngWkjpapid ghJfhg;gjw;fhd fhzp Fj;jifr; nrad;Kiwnahd;wpid nraw;gLj;JtJ mtrpakhFk;. mur kw;Wk; jdpahu; fhzpfs; ntspehl;ltu;;fSf;F Fj;jiff;fhf toq;fg;gLk;NghJ 15 rjtPj tupnahd;W tpjpf;fg;gLk;. ,g;gpd;dzpapy;> vkJ murhq;fk; mur cilik tpahghu njhopy;Kaw;rpfis ];jpug;gLj;jpAs;sJ. murhq;f tuT nryTj;jpl;lk; mjd; murhq;f KjyPl;L epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; %yk; ,yq;if kpd;rhu rig> Njrpa ePu; toq;fy; kw;Wk; tbfhyikg;Gr; rig> tpkhd epiya kw;Wk; tpkhdr; Nritfs; mjpfhu rig kw;Wk; ,yq;ifj; JiwKf mjpfhu rig vd;gtw;wpd; tUkhdk; rk;ghjpf;Fk;
5

3.4

4.0 4.1

4.2

Mw;wypid mjpfupg;gjw;fhf Ntz;b mtw;wpd; Mjd mbg;gilapid fl;bnaOg;gpAs;sJ. mit jpiwNrupf;F Mz;LNjhWk; gq;fpyhgq;fis nrYj;Jtjw;F ,aYkhd tifapy; mtw;wpdJ Ie;njhifapid NkYk; cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf jpiwNrupapdhy; mtw;wpw;F ,jw;F Kd;du; toq;fg;gl;;l midj;J fld;fisAk; murhq;f gq;Ffshf khw;Wtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 4.3 vkJ nfhs;iffs; jw;nghOJ nraw;gl Muk;gpj;Js;sd. ePu; kpd; cw;gj;jp epiyaq;fspypUe;J kpd;rhu cw;gj;jp 1>357 nkfh Nthl;fshf NkYk; epahakhdsT Kd;Ndw;wkile;Js;sJ. 300 nkfh Nthl; KjyhtJ epyf;fup kpd; cw;gj;jp epiyaj;jpd; %yk; nryT $ba vupnghUspid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l kpd; cw;gj;jp epiyaq;fspd; ghtid 294 nkfh Nthl;fshf Fiwtile;Js;sik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fnjhU tplakhFk;. ,yq;if kpd;rhu rigapd; kpd; toq;fy; ,og;Gfs; 11 rjtPjj;jpdhy; Fiwf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,tw;Wld; Nru;j;J> nrytpid <Lnra;Ak; tifapyhd tpiyaply; cghankhd;wpd; %yk; ,.kp.rig mjd; fle;j tUl ,og;gpid &gh 61 gpy;ypadhf Fiwj;Js;sJ. ,J tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; ,yq;if ngw;Nwhypaf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpw;fhd mtw;wpdJ nghWg;Gf;fis Fiwf;fr; nra;jJ. ,t;tUlj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; NkYk; 600 nkfh Nthl; nfhs;ssT nfhz;l Gjpa epyf;fup kpd; cw;gj;jp epiyaq;fs; epiwT nra;ag;gl;lJld; ,.kp.rigahdJ kpf cWjpahd Ie;njhifnahd;wpid nfhz;bUf;Fk;. ngUk;ghYk; midj;J khfhzq;fspYk; Gjpa ePu; jpl;lq;fSf;fhd murhq;f KjyPLfs; ePu; toq;fy;> tbfhyikg;Gr; rigf;fhd tUkhd mbg;gilapid NkYk; cWjpg;gLj;jpAs;sd. 2016 Mz;lstpy; tUkhdky;yhj ePupd; mstpid 20 rjtPjj;jpdhy; Fiwg;gjw;fhf 300 kpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyu; KjyPnlhd;W Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sJ. W`_ZGu> mj;jdfy;y> FUehfy;> khj;jis>

4.4

`k;ghe;Njhl;il> mk;ghiw> mEuhjGuk;> aho;g;ghzk;> kl;lf;fsg;G> jk;Gs;is> k`paq;fiz> `hypvy> nkhduhfiy> ,uj;jpdGupNghd;w gpujhd ePu; toq;fy;
jpl;lq;fs; epiwtile;jJk; 2016 Mz;lstpy; xU kpy;ypad; ,izg;Gfs; toq;fg;gLtJld; ePu; toq;fy; rigapd; nrayhw;Wif NkYk; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLk;. mt;thwhd fUj;jpl;lq;fis cupa Kiwapy; guhkupg;gjw;fhf rKjha ePu; toq;fy; jpl;lq;fis xOq;FgLj;jTk; mgptpUj;jp nra;;tjw;Fkhf Njrpa rKjha ePu; toq;fy; jpizf;fsnkhd;wpid jhgpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,j;jpizf;fsj;jpd; fPo; rKjha ePu; toq;fy; Kd;ndLg;GfSf;fhf &gh 300 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 4.5 ,uz;L tpkhd Nrit epWtdq;fis NkYk; cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf jw;nghOJ ,lk; ngw;W tUk; %yjdkag;gLj;jypid NkYk; mjpfupg;gjw;fhf 2014 ,y; 150 kpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyu;fs; = yq;fh tpkhd Nrit epWtdj;jpw;Fk; 50 kpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyu;fs; kp`pd; yq;fh epWtdj;jpw;Fk; toq;fg;gLk;. = yq;fd; tpkhd Nritapdhy; mur tq;fpfspypUe;J ngwg;gl;bUf;fpd;w gq;Ffis ntspehl;L gq;Fjhuu;fsplkpUe;J ngWtjw;fhd Vw;ghLfis jpiwNrup Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sJld;> mjd; %yk; mur tq;fpfs; ,r;Rikapid NkYk; Rkg;gjw;fhd Njit Vw;glhJ. ,yq;ifg; Nghf;Ftuj;J rigapd; Ng&e;J njhFjpfis 2>000 Mf mjpfupf;f ,yq;ifg; Nghf;Ftuj;J rigapd; %yjd KjyPLfSf;F xj;Jiog;ghf &gh 1>000 kpy;ypad; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf mjd; tUkhd gw;whf;Fiwapid <Lnra;tjw;fhf NkYk; 500 kpy;ypaid toq;Ftjw;;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.

6

4.6

5.0 5.1

,yq;if ngw;Nwhypaf; $l;Lj;jhgdKk;$l Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT Kd;Ndw;wj;jpid mile;Js;sJ. mJ el;lq;fis fl;Lg;gLj;jpAs;s mNjNtis tq;fpfSf;fhd gLflidAk; Fiwj;Js;sJ. mjd; Foha; tiyaikg;G> fsQ;rpa trjpfs; kw;Wk; Rj;jpfupg;G Vw;ghLfspid kPs; fl;likg;G nra;tjw;fhd ePz;lfhy %yjdj;jpid mjpfupg;gjw;F ,yq;if ngw;Nwhypaf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;;jpw;F murhq;f cj;juthjnkhd;W toq;fg;gLk;. 54 murhq;f cilik njhopy;Kaw;rpfspy; 47 tpahghuj; njhopy;Kaw;rpfs; jw;nghOJ ,yhgkPl;lf; $ba epWtdq;fshf fhzg;gLfpd;wd vd;gjid ,g;ghuhSkd;wj;jpw;F mwptpg;;gjpy; ehd; ngUkfpo;r;rp milfpd;Nwd;. ,e;j njhopy;Kaw;rpfspd; epu;thfk; kw;Wk; ntspg;gilj;jd;ikapid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F murhq;f njhopy;;Kaw;rpfs; kPjhd ghuhSkd;w Nkw;ghu;itf; FOtpdhy; toq;fg;gl;l gq;fspg;gpid ehd; cau;thf kjpf;fpd;Nwd;. tuT nryTj;jpl;l epiyik nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vjpu;f;fl;rpapYs;s vkJ nghUspay; epGzu;fSf;F ehd; xd;wpid epidt+l;l tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd;. vkJ murpiwf; nfhs;if Ntiyr;rl;lfkhdJ 2005 ,w;F Kd;du; mtu;fspdhy; gpd;gw;wg;gl;ljidtpl kpfr; rpwe;j nrayhw;Wifapidf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. 1977 ,w;F gpd;duhd> vkf;F Kd;ida murhq;fq;fs; vkJ fhyg;gFjpapidtpl cau;e;j tuT nryTj;;jpl;lg; gw;whf;Fiwapidf; nfhz;bUe;jd. 2002-2004 fhyg;gFjpapypUe;j murhq;fk; murhq;f Copau;fspd; Xa;t+jpa cupikapid ePf;fpaJld;>murhq;fj;Jiwf;F vt;tpj Ml;Nru;g;gpidAk; nra;ahjpUe;jJ. jdpahu;kag;gLj;Jtjidj; jtpu Ntnwe;j khw;W topapidAk; ngw;wpUf;ftpy;iy. murhq;f KjyPLfs; Fiwe;J fhzg;gl;ld. ,jdhy; ,d;W tiu tuT nryTj;jpl;lg; gw;whf;Fiw 8 rjtPjkhf fhzg;gLtJld;> mf;fhyj;jpy; gLfld; nkhj;j cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapy; 100 rjtPjj;jpw;F mjpfkhff; fhzg;gl;lJ. ,JNt fle;j fhyj;jpy; mtu;fs; tpl;Lr; nrd;w murpiw KJrkhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. cz;ikapy; vkJ murhq;fk;>Vw;fdNt jdpahu;kag;gLj;jg;gl;l epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; jdpahu;kag;gLj;jg;gl;ljd; gpd;du; nraw;ghlw;Wg; Nghd Vida njhopy;Kaw;rpfspid ghJfhj;J mtw;wpid kPz;Lk; tpahghuj; njhopy;Kaw;rpfspy; <LgLj;Jtjw;fhfTk; mtw;wpid jpUk;gg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lJ. thA> tpkhd Nritfs;> njhiyj;njhlu;G> rPdp> fhg;GWjpf; fk;gdp> `py;ld; N`hl;ly; Nghd;wd jw;nghOJ murhq;f cilik epWtdq;fshff; fhzg;gLtJld; mtw;wpy; ngUk;ghyhdit jpiwNrupf;F gq;fpyhg tUkhdj;jpid nrYj;jp tUfpd;wd. vkJ tuT nryTj;jpl;lf; nfhs;if %yk; cau;e;j murhq;f KjyPLfs;> mjpfupj;j rk;gsq;fs;> Xa;t+jpaq;fs;> rKu;j;jp ed;ikfs;> cuk; kw;Wk; tpij khdpaq;fs; vd;gtw;wpd; kPjhd nrytpdq;fis jhq;fpf; nfhs;tjw;F vkf;F KbAkhf ,Ue;jJ. Mrpupau;fs;> Rfhjhuj;Jiw Copau;fs;> murhq;f Copau;fspy; Vida tFjpapdu; kw;Wk; 100>000 Ntiyaw;w gl;ljhupfs; vd;Nghupid gy;NtWgl;l NritfSf;F Ml;Nru;g;G nra;tjw;fhf tuT nryTj;jpl;l xJf;fPLfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;ld. vkJ ehl;bid gaq;futhjpfsplkpUe;J tpLtpg;gjw;fhfTk; 1>557 rJu fpNyh kPw;wu; fz;zpntb Gijf;fg;gl;l epyq;fspy; fz;zpntbafw;wy; gzpfSf;fhfTk;>Vwf;Fiwa 300>000 ,lk;ngau;e;jtu;fis kPs; FbNaw;Wtjw;fhfTk; mtu;fsJ tho;thjhu Vw;ghLfis mgptpUj;jp nra;tjw;fhfTk; epjp Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sd. ghJfhg;G> rkhjhdk; kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jpapid kPsf; fl;bnaOg;Gtjw;F tuT nryTj;jpl;l xJf;fPLfs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sd. fw;Wf;nfhz;l ghlq;fs;> ey;ypzf;f Mizf;FOtpd;
7

5.2

5.3

5.4

gupe;Jiufisr; nraw;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; Njrpa xUq;fpizg;gpid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf ,Unkhopf;nfhs;if gad;ghl;L eilKiwapid gpugy;ag;gLj;Jtjw;fhfTk; xJf;fPLfs; mjpfupf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. vkJ Kg;gilfisr; Nru;e;j giltPuu;fsJ ngw;Nwhu;> mq;ftPdKw;w giltPuu;fs; kw;Wk; 1980 a+iyapy; njhopyhsu; mlf;FKiwf;F vjpuhf fpsu;e;njOe;jjd; %yk; mepahakhf jkJ tho;thjhuq;fis ,oe;jtu;fSf;Fk; tho;f;if nryTf; nfhLg;gdTfis toq;Ftjw;F KbAkhf ,Ue;jJ. fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jpf;fhd mgptpUj;jpr; nrytpdq;fs; Kd;ndd;Wk; ,y;yhjthW Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sJ. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs>,r;nrad;Kiwfs; midj;ijAk; Nkw;nfhz;lJld; tuT nryTj;jpl;l gw;whf;FiwahdJ ,t;tUlj;jpy; nkhj;j cs;;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapy; 5.8 rjtPjkhf Fiwf;fg;gl;lJ. tuT nryTj;jpl;lg; gw;whf;Fiwapid 2014 ,y; nkh.c.cw;gj;jpapy; 5.2 rjtPjkhfTk; 2015 ,y; 4.5 rjtPjkhfTk; Fiwg;gjw;F jpl;lkplg;gl;Ls;sJ. 2016 mstpy; tuT nryTj;jpl;lg; gw;whf;Fiwapid 3.8 rjtPjkhf Fiwg;gjw;Fk; vkJ gLfld; tpfpjj;jpid 65 rjtPjkhfTk; Fiwg;gjw;F jPu;khdpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,JNt ehk; vkJ vjpu;fhy re;;jjpapdUf;fhf tpl;Lr; nry;ytpUf;fpd;w KJrq;fshFk;. murhq;f tUkhdk; murhq;f tUkhdk; ,t;tUlk; Vwf;Fiwa &gh 1>100 gpy;ypadhf fhzg;gLk;. cs;ehl;L nraw;ghLfs; kPjhd tUkhd tup> ng.Nr.tup kw;Wk; Nj.f.tup 14 rjtPjkhf mjpfupj;jJld;> mjp$ba tsu;r;rpg; Nghf;nfhd;wpid gjpthf;fpaJ. Rq;f epiyapy; tpjpf;fg;gl;l tupfspypUe;J tUkhdk; Nkhl;lhu; thfdq;f ; spd; ,wf;Fkjpapy; Vw;gl;l tPo;r;rp fhuzkhf njhlu;e;Jk; Fiwtile;jJ. kJghdk; kw;Wk; rpfnul;Lfs; kPjhd kJ tupfspypUe;J tUkhdk; rpwpjsthd tsu;r;rpapidf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> murhq;f Nritfs;> eyd;Gup epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs; kw;Wk; murhq;f KjyPLfs; Nghd;w ghupastpyhd mu;g;gzpg;Gfis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;bapUe;jjdhy; murhq;f tUkhd Kaw;rpfis ehk; cWjpg;gLj;j Ntz;ba Njit cs;sJ. kJghdk;> rYif jPu;itj; jpl;lq;fspd; fPo; Nkhl;lhu; thfd ,wf;Fkjpfs;> gad;gLj;jg;gl;l Nkhl;lhu; thfdq;fspd; ,wf;Fkjpapy; ngWkjpFiwe;j tpiyg;gl;bayply;> cUf;F uau;fs; kw;Wk; Nkhl;lhu; thfd cjpupg;ghfq;fs; vd;gtw;wpd; kPjhd tup tpjpg;gdTfspy; fhzg;gLfpd;w FiwghLfis jLg;gjw;F murhq;fk; gy;NtWgl;l eltbf;iffis vLj;Js;sJ. ,jw;fikthf> Rq;f mbg;gilapyhd tupfis fzpg;gPL nra;Ak;NghJ ,wf;Fkjpapy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; Nkhl;lhu; thfd ngWkjpj; Nja;T ml;ltizahdJ Fiw ngWkjpaplypid jtpu;f;Fk; tifapy; jpUj;jg;gLk;. tq;fpj;njhopy; kw;Wk; tq;fpj;njhopy; my;yhj Jiwfis rkkhf elhj;Jk; tifapYk; tup mbg;gilapid tpupthf;Ftjw;Fk; midj;J tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; epjp epWtdq;fSf;F Vw;Gilajhf Njrf; fl;Lkhd tupapid 2 rjtPjkhf tpupthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. fhyhz;L xd;wpw;F &gh 250 kpy;ypad; rpy;yiw tpahghuj;jpid GupAk; Rg;gu; khu;f;fl;Lfs; kPjhd ngWkjp Nru; tupf;fhd tup tpyf;F vy;iy xd;wpid epu;zapg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. tpyf;fspf;fg;gl;l nghUl;fspd; Gus;tpid fzpg;gPL nra;Ak;NghJ ifahly;fis jtpu;f;Fk; tifapy;> mj;jifa tpahghuq;fs; njhlu;ghd ngWkjp Nru; tupapypUe;J tpyf;fspf;fg;gl;l ngWkjpahf nkhj;j Gus;tpy; 25 rjtPjj;jpid tpjpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. njhiyj;njhlu;Gfs; mwtPL 25 rjtPjkhf epu;zapf;fg;gLk;.
8

6.0 6.1

6.2

6.3

6.4

tup epu;thfj;jpid tpidj;jpwd;kpf;fjhf khw;Wtjw;Fk; tupf; nfhLg;gdtpid ,yFthf;Ftjw;Fkhf cs;ehl;L ,iwtup jpizf;fsk; fzdpkag;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. Gjpa tUkhd epu;thf Kfhikj;Jt jfty; Kiwiknahd;W (RAMIS)cs;ehl;L ,iwtup jpizf;fsj;jpd; nraw;ghLfis jd;dpaf;f kag;gLj;Jk; tifapy; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;lJld;> cs;ehl;L ,iwtup jpizf;fskhdJ Rq;fj; jpizf;fsk;> fk;gdpfs; gjpthsu; jpizf;fsk;> Nkhl;lhu; Nghf;Ftuj;J jpizf;fsk;> fhzp Mizahsu; jpizf;fsk; kw;Wk; epjp mikr;R vd;gtw;Wld; ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j Gjpa Kiwikapy; jdpg;gl;l milahs FwpaPl;L ,yf;fj;jpid gad;gLj;Jtjw;F KbAkhf ,Ug;gJld; midj;J nfhLf;fy;thq;fy;fSk; mjd; %yk; xUq;fpizf;fg;gLtjw;Fk; ,iza %ykhd tupf; nfhLg;gdTfis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;Fk; trjpaspf;Fk;. eilKiwr; nrytpdk; murhq;fj;jpd; eilKiwr; nrytpdk; Vwf;Fiwa &gh 1>200 gpy;ypadhf murhq;f tUkhdj;jpidtpl mjpfupj;J fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. murhq;f Copau;fSf;fhd rk;gsq;fs; kw;Wk; Cf;Ftpg;G nfhLg;gdTfs; mj;Jld; fy;tp> Rfhjhuk;> fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jp> epu;thf kw;Wk; tpupthf;fw; Nritfs; kw;Wk; Njrpag; ghJfhg;gpw;fhd nrytpdk; nkhj;jkhf &gh 390 gpy;ypadhFk;. NkYk; &gh 125 gpy;ypad; Xa;t+jpaj;jpw;fhf nrytplg;gl;Ls;sJ. cu khdpak;> kUe;Jg; nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; ghupastpyhd eyd;Gupr; nrytpdq;fSf;fhf NkYk; &gh 100 gpy;ypad; nrytplg;gl;lJ. ,r;nrytpdq;fs; ghJfhf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. nkhj;j tl;br; nrytpdkhd &gh 445 gpy;ypadpy; cs;ehl;L tl;bf; nfhLg;gdTfshf Kfhik nra;tjw;F &gh 360 gpy;ypad; NjitahFk;. vt;thwhapDk;> tl;b tpfpjq;fspy; Fiwg;ghdJ toq;Feu;fs; kw;Wk; mNjNghd;W fld;ngWeu;fs; ,Ujug;gpdiuAk; ghJfhf;fpd;w tifapy; gbg;gbahf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk;> nghUshjhu eltbf;iffis tpupthf;Ftjw;F KbAkhd tifapy; mgptpUj;jpr; nrytpdq;fis nkh.c.cw;gj;jpapy; 6 rjtPj kl;lj;jpw;F njhlu;e;Jk; NgZtJ mtrpakhFk;. nghUshjhu Kd;Dupikfspd; mbg;gilapy; xt;nthU JiwapYk; mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fspd; Kiwahd xUq;fpizg;ghdJ>tupfs; kw;Wk; cs;ehl;Lg; ngWiffSf;F Nkyjpfkhf ntspehl;Lf; fld;fs; kw;Wk; khdpaq;fs; gad;gLj;jg;;gLk; nghOJ murhq;f nrytpdj;jpypUe;J fpilf;Fk; ed;ikfs; mjpfupf;fg;gLjy; mtrpakhFk;. vdNt khdpak; toq;fg;gl;l fUj;jpl;lq;fs; midj;Jk; xUq;fpizf;fg;gl;l epjp kw;Wk; Njrpa tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpD}lhf khj;jpuk; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lnkd;gJld; ntspehl;L epjp toq;fy; fUj;jpl;lq;fs; Vw;Gila jpl;lkply; nrad;Kiwfis gpd;gw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. Njrpa mgptpUj;jp nrad;Kiwfis eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjpy; ,zf;fg;ghl;bid cWjpg;gLj;JjYk; ,ul;il Ntiyapid jtpu;g;gjw;Fk;> jdpahu; Jiw kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jpg; gq;fhsu;fspd; midj;J nrytpdq;fSk; r%f nghWg;Gld; cupa tpyf;fspg;GfSf;F jifik ngw Ntz;Lnkd;gJld; Njrpa mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fSld; ,ize;j tifapYk; nraw;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;. khdpaq;fs; gLflid cUthf;fhjNghjpYk; tuT nryTj;jpl;lg; gw;whf;Fiwapid jhq;fkhl;lhJ vd;w tifapy; mj;jifa khdpa cjtpf; fzf;F kPJ tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpy; Nkyjpf Vw;ghLfis cUthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.

7.0 7.1

7.2

9

8.0 8.1

fkj;njhopy;> tho;thjhuk; kw;Wk; ePu;g;ghrd mgptpUj;jp nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs>vkJ fpuhkpa ika mgptpUj;jp cghaq;fs; czTg; ghJfhg;gpw;fhd tptrhak;> ghuk;gupa MNuhf;fpa tho;T> capupay; gy;tifj;jd;ik>khrw;w #oy; kw;Wk; fpuhkpa kf;fSf;fhd cau;e;j tUkhdk; vd;gtw;iw ikag;gLj;jp ,Uf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gij ehk; ftdj;jpw; nfhs;Sjy; Ntz;Lk;. ehl;bYs;s midj;J khtl;lq;fisAk; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;Jfpd;w tptrha rKjhaq;fSld; tuT nryTj;jpl;l kjpAiuf; $l;lq;fs; ,lk; ngw;wNghJ> murhq;fj;jpd; tptrhaf; nfhs;if kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp cghaq;fspy; mtu;fs; jkJ ek;gpf;ifapid ntspg;gLj;jpdu;. mr;re;jpg;Gf;fspd;NghJ mtu;fs; ve;jnthU Mtzj;jpidAk; Nfl;ftpy;iy. khwhf mtu;fs; ePu;g;ghrdj;jpid Kd;Ndw;Wtjw;Fk;> jukhd FbePu; trjpapid Vw;gLj;jp jUtjw;Fk;>td tpyq;FfspypUe;J ghJfhf;FkhWk; murhq;fj;jpid Ntz;bf; nfhz;ldu;. vdNt> 2014-16 eLj;juf; fhy tuT nryTj;jpl;lkhdJ ,j;JiwfSf;F Kd;Dupik toq;Fk;. ,jw;fikthf> 2014 tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpy; nt`ufy> wk;gnfd; Xah> njJW Xah Nghd;w mz;ikapy; mgptpUj;jp nra;ag;gl;l gpujhd ePu;j;Njf;fq;fSld; ,ize;J ePu;g;ghrdk; kw;Wk; tho;thjhu mgptpUj;jp nraw;ghLfSf;fhf &gh 1>700 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. njw;F kw;Wk; tlf;fpYs;s f];;lg; gpuNjrq;fs; gytw;wpw;F ePu;g;ghrdj;jpid Kd;Ndw;Wtjw;Fk; FbePu; trjpfis toq;Ftjw;Fk; mNjNghd;W kpd; cw;gj;jpf;F cjTtjw;Fkhf ahd; Xah> ckh Xah kw;Wk; nkhwf`fe;ij mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fis tpiuthf epiwT nra;tjw;Fkhf NkYk; &gh 14>000 kpy;ypaid ePu;g;ghrd jpl;lj;jpw;fhd xJf;fPlhf mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. czT kw;Wk; ePu;j;juk;> Rfhjhuk;> tpyq;Ffspd; %ykhd Mgj;J kw;Wk; kz;zpy; Vw;gLk; mghafukhd jhf;fj;jpid Fiwg;gjw;F ,urhad grisfs; kw;Wk; g+r;rp nfhy;ypfspd; gad;ghl;bid Fiwg;gjw;fhd Njit fhzg;gLtjhf tptrhapfs; jkJ MNyhridapid Kd;itj;jdu;. mt;thwhd khw;wnkhd;wpw;F rpwpJ fhyk; vLj;jhYk;> ngUk;Nghfj;jpYk; rpWNghfj;jpYk; new;nra;iff;fhd midj;J tifahd cuq;fSf;Fk; 50 fpNyh fpuhk; ciw xd;wpid &gh 350 Mf toq;Ftjw;F cu khdpaj; jpl;lj;;jpid NkYk; njhlu;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Vida gapu;fs; midj;jpw;Fkhf 50 fpNyh fpuhk; ciwnahd;W &gh 1>250 Mf khdpa tpiyapy; njhlu;e;J toq;fg;gLk;. jukhd ehw;Wg; nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; tpijfis cw;gj;jp nra;tjw;Fk; Mu;tKs;s tptrhapfis Cf;Ftpg;gjw;Fk; tptrhaj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; mq;f ; Pfupf;fg;gl;L gjpT nra;ag;gl;l tpw;gid FwpaPnlhd;wpd; fPo; mtw;wpid re;ijg;gLj;Jtjid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;Fk; &gh 300 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. cUisf;fpoq;F> ntq;fhak;> nrj;jy; kpsfha; kw;Wk; gy;NtWgl;l jhdpaq;fSf;fhd cj;juthj cw;gj;jp tpiyfis tptrhapfs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tij cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;F yf; rnjhr epWtdj;Jld; ,izf;fg;gl;l jptp neFk tptrha Nrit nfhs;tdT epiyaq;fs; jhgpf;fg;gLk;. tpupthf;fw; Nritfis ];jpug;gLj;Jtjw;fhf murhq;fk; tptrhaj; jpizf;fsk; kw;Wk; tptrha mgptpUj;jp jpizf;fsk; vd;gtw;wpw;F jifikAila fs mYtyu;fis Ml;Nru;g;G nra;Js;sJ. tptrhapfspd; Njitfis epiwT nra;a KbAkhd 300 tptrha mgptpUj;jp epiyaq;fis etPdkag;gLj;Jtjw;F epjp xJf;fPLfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. Nrjdg; grisg; gpuNahfj;jpd; %yk; ney;> goq;fs;> kuf;fwpfs; kw;Wk; g+r;nrb tsu;g;G vd;gtw;wpw;fhf iftplg;gl;l new;
10

8.2

8.3

fhzpfis GJg;gpg;gjw;fhf 3 tUl Gduikg;G epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lnkhd;wpid nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Fsq;fs;> rpwpa ePu;g;ghrdj; jpl;lq;fs; kw;Wk; iftplg;gl;l new; fhzpfspid Gduikg;gjw;fhf 2014 ,y; &gh 2>300 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. tptrha tpupthf;fy; Nritfs;> kpUf itj;jpa Nritfs;> ePu;g;ghrd kw;Wk; td rPtuhrpfs; NritfspYs;s fs mYtyu;fSf;F 300 &ghtpid khjhe;jf; nfhLg;gdthf toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. fs kl;lj;jpy; mtu;fsJ fpukkhd Nritapid cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;F mj;jifa fs mYtyu;fs; midtUf;Fk; Ie;J tUl Fj;jif mbg;gilapy; Nkhl;lhu;; irf;fps;fis toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,jd; %yk; Fj;jif fhy Kbtpy; jkf;nfd Mjdnkhd;wpid mtu;fs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd top Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. 9.0 9.1 cyf czT epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpw;fhd gq;fspg;G nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> gaq;futhjpfspd; jhf;Fjypdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l ,lk;ngau;e;j kf;fs;> Rdhkp kw;Wk; Vida gy;NtW mdu;j;jq;fspdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fSf;F cztspj;jjd; %yk; fle;j fhyj;jpy; vkJ ehl;bw;F I.eh. cyf czT epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk; cjtp nra;Js;sJ. ,e;j cjtpfis ghuhl;Lk; tifapy; Vida ehLfspy; ,t;thwhd epiyikfis vjpu;Nehf;Ffpd;w NjitAila kf;fSf;F czT toq;Fk; epiyikapy; vkJ ehL jw;nghOJ fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. vdNt cyf czT epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpw;F 50>000 nkw;wpf; njhd; muprpapid ed;nfhilahf toq;Ftjw;Fk;> mjpy; 10>000 nkw;wpf; njhd; muprpia ,yq;ifapYs;s cyf czT epfo;r;rpj; jpl;l mYtyfj;jpw;F toq;Ftjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. cyf czT epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpy; toq;Feu; ehnlhd;whf ,yq;ifapid gjpT nra;AkhW murhq;fk; Ntz;bAs;sjd; %yk; vkJ tptrhapfs; ngWkjpahd Nritapid toq;Fk; mNjNtis>ntspehl;L re;ijf;F muprpapid toq;Ffpd;w msTf;F tsu;r;rp mila KbAk;. vkJ tptrha r%fj;jpd; ghuk;gupa ngUikapid kPz;Lk; Vw;gLj;Jtjd; %yk; tptrhaj;jpy; kWkyu;;r;rp xd;wpid Vw;gLj;j KbAnkd;W ehd; epidf;fpNwd;. cw;gj;jpfis xOq;FgLj;jp re;ij nraw;ghLfis mjpfupg;gjw;F gpujhd jhdpa cw;gj;jp khtl;lq;fspd; xt;nthU khtl;l nrayhsupd; fPOk; Row;rp epjpankhd;wpid cUthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.

10.0 rpWgw;Wepy ngUe;Njhl;lr; nra;if 10.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> rpWgw;Wepy ngUe;Njhl;lq;fs; vkJ nghUshjhuj;jpy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT gq;fspg;gpid nra;fpd;wd. ehw;Wg; nghUl;fs;> kPs; eLif> Gjpa eLif kw;Wk; cuk; vd;gtw;wpw;F khdpak; toq;Ftjd; %yk; murhq;fk; ,g;gapu;r;nra;iff;F cjtp toq;Ffpd;wJ. vdNt> jw;nghOJ toq;fg;gLk; khdpaq;fspd; %yk; rpwe;j ngWNgWfs; fpilj;Js;sJ vd;w tifapy; rpWgw;Wepy Njapiy cw;gj;jpahsu;fSf;F mtu;fsJ fhzpfis mgptpUj;jp nra;tjw;Fk; ePu; kw;Wk; kz; ghJfhg;gpid cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;;Fkhf tUlj;jpy; xUKiw Vf;fnuhd;Wf;F 5>000 &gh khdpak; toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 10.2 rpWgw;Wepy njq;F nra;ifahsu;fSf;F ePu; toq;fy;> kz; ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; Nrjdg; gris ghtidapid mjpfupj;jy; vd;gtw;wpw;F xj;Jiog;G toq;f ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ePz;lfhy gapu;r;nra;if mf;fiwapid mjpfupg;gjw;fhf jw;nghOJ Rq;fj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gLk; rikay; vz;nza; kPjhd mjp $ba tup njhlu;e;Jk; Ngzg;gLk;. Njq;fha; vz;nza; kw;Wk; /ghk; JUty; vd;gtw;wpd; ,wf;Fkjpapid tiuaWg;gjw;Fk; njq;Ff; ifj;njhopiy ];jpug;gLj;Jtjw;F Njq;fha; vz;nza; Miy cupikahsu;fs; kPJ tpjpf;fg;gLk; Njrf; fl;Lkhd
11

tupapid ePf;Ftjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ntspehl;L nryhtzpapy; ngWkjp Nru;g;gpid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L Vw;Wkjpf;fhd Jk;G cw;gj;jpg; nghUs; jahupg;ghsu;fis Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf Gjpa Cf;Ftpg;G jpl;lnkhd;W nraw;gLj;jg;gLk;. Njapiy> ,wg;gu;> njq;F> fWth kw;Wk; kpsF vd;gtw;wpd; %yg;nghUs; tbtpyhd Vw;Wkjp kPJ tpjpf;fg;gLk; nr]; tup tUkhdk; mtw;wpid %yg;nghUshf md;wp ngWkjp Nru;f;fg;gl;l Vw;Wkjpfshf Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhd topKiwfis NkYk; cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;F gad;gLj;jg;gLk;. 11.0 ghupastpyhd ngUe;Njhl;lq;fs; 11.1 ghupastpyhd ngUe;Njhl;lq;fs; 50 tUl Fj;jif Vw;ghLfSf;fikthf 1992 ,y; jdpahu; kag;gLj;jg;gl;ld. vt;thwhapDk;> ,g;ngUe;Njhl;lf; fk;gdpfs; rpy el;lkile;Js;sd. nraw;ghLfs; Fiwe;j ngUe;Njhl;lf; fk;gdpfs; gw;wpa kpf tpupthd kjpg;gPnlhd;wpid Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. mNjNghd;W>jkJ cw;gj;jpj; jpwid mjpfupj;J capupay; Nrjdg; grisfis gad;gLj;Jk; mNjNeuk; njhopyhsu;fspd; eyd;fis ftdpf;fpd;w cau;e;j ngWkjpAila Njapiy Vw;WkjpfSf;F KjyPLfis Nkw;nfhs;Sk; cau;ju Njapiyapid re;ijg;gLj;Jfpd;w ngUe;Njhl;lf; fk;gdpfs; Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. vdNt xt;nthU fk;gdpfspd; fPOs;s ngUe;Njhl;lq;fspd; mgptpUj;jp njhlu;ghd Kiwahd jPu;khdq;fis vLg;gjw;F murhq;fk; gpujhd gq;fhsuhf ,Uf;f KbAkhd tifapy; 2014 khu;;r; 31 Me; jpfjpf;F Kd;du; mgptpUj;jp jpl;lq;fs; kw;Wk; ,yf;FfSld; $ba jkJ nrayhw;Wif mwpf;ifapid rku;g;gpg;gjw;F xt;nthU ngUe;Njhl;lf; fk;gdpAk; Njitg;gLj;jg;gLk;. rpwe;j nrayhw;WifAila xt;nthU fk;gdpf;Fk; kPs; eLif> Njhl;lj; njhopyhsu;fsJ r%f mgptpUj;jp kw;Wk; ngWkjp Nru;f;fg;gl;l Njapiy Vw;Wkjpfspd; mstpid mjpfupj;jy; vd;gtw;wpw;fhf 6 rjtPj tl;bAld; $ba vl;L tUl Kjpu;r;rp mbg;gilapy; fld; jpl;lnkhd;wpid nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 2014 ,y; ,t;mgptpUj;jpf;fhd fld; jpl;lq;fSf;fhf tq;fpfs; Vwf;Fiwa &gh 500 kpy;ypaid toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,k;Kf;fpa Jiwapd; mgptpUj;jpapid fUj;jpw; nfhz;L jw;nghOjpUf;Fk; Fj;jif Vw;ghLfs; Njitahd Gjpa epge;jidfs; cs;slf;fg;gLk; tifapy; jpUj;jg;gLk;. 12.0 tptrha Xa;t+jpaj; jpl;lk; kw;Wk; gapu;f; fhg;GWjp jpl;lk; 12.1 2014 rdtupapypUe;J 63 tajpYk; $ba tptrhapfSf;fhd khjhe;j Xa;t+jpakhf Mff; Fiwe;jJ 1>250 &ghtpid toq;Fk; tifapy; Xa;t+jpa jpl;lnkhd;wpid nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,t; Xa;t+jpa epjpapid cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;F nfhtpnrjnyhj;ju; tUkhdj;jpid gad;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; murhq;fj;jpypUe;J &gh 1>000 kpy;ypaid %yjdkhf toq;Ftjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. vdJ Kd;ida tuT nryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; mwptpf;fg;gl;lthW> cu khdpaj; jpl;lj;;jpid gad;gLj;Jk; tptrhapfsplkpUe;J gq;fspg;nghd;W mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;lJld; mjd; %yk; gapu;fSf;F Vw;gLk; Nrjq;fSf;F el;l<L toq;Ftjw;F fpukkhd epjp xOq;F Vw;ghL nra;ag;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,j;jpl;lj;jpid mt;thwhd ghjpg;GfSf;Fl;glf; $ba Vida rpWgw;Wepy tptrhapfSk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; tifapy; tpupthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpw;F vjpu;ghuh RiknajidAk; Vw;gLj;jhJ> ghjfkhd fhyepiyapdhy; Vw;glf; $ba mt;thwhd el;lq;fSf;F el;l<L toq;Ftjw;F cyf tq;fpapypUe;J ngwg;gLk; epjpapid gad;gLj;Jtjw;fhd nraw;ghLfspy; murhq;fk; <Lgl;Ls;sJ.
12

13.0 Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; czT njhopDl;gk; 13.1 murhq;fk; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jpfSf;fhf ghupastpyhd Cf;Ftpg;Gfis toq;fpAs;sJld;> gy;fiyf;fof tpupTiuahsu;fs; kw;Wk; Vida tpQ;QhdpfSf;F Muha;r;rpf; nfhLg;gdTfisAk; toq;fpAs;sJ. murhq;f kw;Wk; jdpahu;Jiw gq;Fgw;WifAld; jahupg;Gj;Jiwapy; eNdh njhopDl;gj;jpid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhd tpQ;Qhd g+q;fhnthd;wpid cUthf;FtJld; cau; njhopDl;gk; kw;Wk; Muha;r;rpapid tpupTgLj;Jk; tifapy; gu];gu ek;gpf;ifAld; ,uz;L JiwfSk; vt;thW nrayhw;w KbAk; vd;w tplak; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. murhq;f kw;Wk; jdpahu; Jiw epWtdq;fspdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Muha;r;rp Kd;ndLg;Gfis Fwpg;ghf tptrha Jiwapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Muha;r;rpfis ehk; Cf;Ftpj;Js;Nshk;. rgufKt> tak;g gy;fiyf;fofq;fspd; czT njhopDl;gk; kw;Wk; fhy;eil tsq;fs; njhlu;ghd Muha;r;rp Kd;ndLg;Gfs; kw;Wk; mf;ifj;njhopy; Jiwapy; mtw;wpdJ gq;fspg;G vd;gd rpwe;j tpistpid je;Js;sd. Muha;r;rp epWtdq;fspdhy; gpd;gw;wg;gLk; Kiwikfs; kw;Wk; eilKiwfs; gy;fiyf;fofq;fspd; <Lghl;bid Cf;Ftpf;Fk; tifapy; NkYk; ,yFgLj;jg;gLtJld; re;ij Nfs;tpapid <Lnra;a KbAkhd tifapy; Muha;r;rp epWtdq;fs; fhzg;gl Ntz;bAs;sd. ghw;nghUs;> Nfhop tsu;g;G> cs;ehl;L kPd;gpb> tpyq;F tsu;g;G kw;Wk; czT njhopDl;gj;jpy; rpwe;j njhopy; epWtdq;fshf khfhz gy;fiyf;fofq;fspd; tptrha gPlq;fs; nraw;gLk; tifapy; Muha;r;rp Ma;T$l trjpfs;> cgfuzq;fs; kw;Wk; Muha;r;rpg; gzpfSf;fhf &gh 500 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 14.0 gpujhd Vw;Wkjpf; ifj;njhopy;fs; 14.1 ,yq;ifapd; cau; ngWkjpAila Njapiy> Mil kw;Wk; ifj;jwpf; ifj;njhopy; kw;Wk; ,wg;gu;; cw;gj;jpfs; vd;gd ehl;bd; Vw;Wkjpfs;> Ntiytha;g;G kw;Wk; ngWkjp Nru;;g;G nraw;ghLfspy; nry;thf;fpid nrYj;Jfpd;wd. ,e;j %d;W ifj;njhopy;fspdJk; Vw;Wkjp tUkhdj;jpid 2016 mstpy; 10 gpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyu;fshf mjpfupg;gJ murhq;fj;jpd; Nehf;fkhFk;. Mil Vw;Wkjpfisg; nghWj;jtiuapy; 2020 mstpy; ,yq;ifapid cyfj;jpy; mjprpwe;j gj;J Mil Vw;Wkjp ehLfspy; xd;whf khw;w Ntz;Lnkd;gJ vkJ Nehf;fkhFk;. vdNt ,f;ifj;njhopypy; Nkyjpf Gj;jhf;fq;fSf;fhd xj;Jiog;gpw;fhf tpahghuj;Jld; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; Gj;jhf;fq;fis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F %d;W klq;F tupf; Fiwg;Gfs; toq;fg;gLk;. mNjNeuk;> ru;tNjr Gyikr; nrhj;J cupik nfhs;tdT nrytpidAk; mj;jifa cupikfis gad;gLj;Jtjw;fhd nryTfisAk; fUj;jpw; nfhz;Lk; tup tpyf;fspg;Gfs; toq;fg;gLk;. Ntj;Jupik tUkhdj;jpw;F 7 tUl tupr; rYif toq;fg;gLk;. cau; ngWkjp Nru;f;fg;gl;l Njapiy Vw;Wkjpfs; fpNyh fpuhk; xd;W 12 I.m.nlhyuhf tpiyfisg; ghJfhg;gJld; 75 rjtPj tPl;Lg; gapu;fspypUe;J ru;tNjr uPjpahf gpugy;akile;j cs;ehl;L tpw;gid ngau;fisAila cw;gj;jpfSf;F re;ijf; NjitfSf;F trjpaspf;Fk; tifapy; Fwpg;ghf Njapiy ,wf;Fkjpapid ,ytrkhf;Ftjw;F tiuaiwfs; toq;f ; g;gLk;. cau; ngWkjpAila Njapiy kw;Wk; ,wg;gu; nghUl;fspd; Vw;Wkjpfs; ,g;gapu;fspd; nra;ifapid mjpfupg;gjd; %yk; Muk;g Efu;Tg; nghUs; Vw;Wkjpfs; kPjhd cau;kl;l nr]; tupapidg; NgZk; tifapy; Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLk;. ,yq;if Vida %d;W ehLfSld; cau;e;j tu;j;jf gw;whf;Fiwapid nfhz;Ls;sJ vd;w tifapy; [g;ghd;> ,e;jpah kw;Wk; rPdh vd;gtw;wpw;fhd re;ijfs; ,Ujug;G tu;j;jf cld;gbf;iffspd; %yk; ,g;nghUl;fSf;fhd mwpKfk; toq;fg;gLk;.
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15.0 kPd;gpbf; ifj;njhopy; 15.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> kPd;gpbj; JiwKfq;fs;> eq;$uj; jsq;fs;> ,wq;FJiwfs;> Fspu; miwfs; kw;Wk; re;ij trjpfs; vd;gtw;wpd; mgptpUj;jp kPd;gpbf; ifj;njhopypd; cw;gj;jpj; jpwid tpupthf;fpAs;sJ. fle;j Ie;J tUlq;fspd;NghJ 2>524 gy ehs; glFfs;> 3>743 xU ehs; glFfs; kw;Wk; 4>743 rhjhuz glFfs; ,f;ifj;njhopy; Jiwapy; Nru;j;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sd. kPd;gpbahdJ Ie;J tUlq;fSf;Fs; ,ul;bg;ghf tsu;r;rpaile;J 500>000 nkw;wpf; njhd;fshf fhzg;gl;ld. cs;ehl;L kPd; cw;gj;jp nkhj;j kPd; cw;gj;jpapy; 20 rjtPjkhf gq;fspg;Gr; nra;Js;sJ. 15.2 fUthL kw;Wk; nej;jyp> khrp> jfuj;jpyilj;j kPd; kw;Wk; kPd; czTg; nghUl;fspd; cw;gj;jp mjpfupj;Js;sJld;> ,f;ifj;njhopy; Jiwapy; <Lgl;Ls;s kf;fspd; tho;thjhu nraw;ghLfSf;F xj;Jiog;G toq;fpAs;sJ. ,tw;wpd; ,wf;Fkjp 2010 ,y; 80>000 nkw;wpf; njhd;dpypUe;J 2013 ,y; 70>000 nkw;wpf; njhd;fshf Fiwtile;Js;sJ. ,r;nraw;ghLfspd; cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf ,wf;Fkjpfs; njhlu;ghd Rq;f mbg;gil tupapid cau; kl;lj;jpy; NgZtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. kPd; czT kw;Wk; myq;fhu kPd; Vw;Wkjpfspy; <Lgl;Ls;s rpwpa> eLj;ju njhopy;Kaw;rpahsu;fSf;F mtu;fsJ Vw;Wkjpapid NkYk; tpupthf;Fk; tifapy; Cf;Ftpg;Gf; nfhLg;gdTfs; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sd. 15.3 jw;nghOjpUf;Fk; kPd;gpbj; JiwKfq;fspd; Gduikg;gpw;F Kd;Dupik toq;fg;gLtJld; rpyhgj;Jiw> FUefu;> fe;jiw> fskpl;ba kPd;gpbj; JiwKfq;fis tpiuthf epiwT nra;;tjw;Fk; ntd;dg;Gt>rpyhgk;>fg;ghwhnjhl;l> njhle;Jt kPd;gpbj; JiwKfq;fs; kw;Wk; eq;$uj; jsq;fspd; mgptpUj;jp mj;Jld; ePu;nfhOk;G fsg;G vd;gd 2014 ,y; kPd;gpb glFfs; mjpfupf;Fk; tifapy; mgptpUj;jp nra;ag;glTs;sd. ,e;j mgptpUj;jp eltbf;iffSf;fhf &gh 1>000 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. cs;ehl;L glF jahupg;G ifj;njhopypid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F ,wf;Fkjpapd;NghJ kPd;gpb glFfs; kPjhd cau;e;j tupf; fl;likg;gpid NgZtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpNwd;. 16.0 ghw;nghUs; fhy;eil kw;Wk; Nfhop tsu;g;G ifj;njhopy;fs; 16.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs>ghy; cw;gj;jpapy; jd;dpiwtpid milAk; vkJ Kaw;rpf;fikthf cs;ehl;L ghy; cw;gj;jp mjpfupj;Js;sJld; nkhj;j Efu;Tj; Njitapy; 40 rjtPjj;jpid toq;Ffpd;wJ. 4>500 cau; tpisr;riyj; juf;$ba fwitg; gRf;fspd; ,wf;Fkjp murhq;f ghy;; gz;izfspd; cw;gj;jpapid cau;tilar; nra;jJ. jdpahu; Jiw ghw;gz;izfs; mNjNghd;W rpwpa>eLj;ju njhopy;Kaw;rpfs; ,j;Jiwapy; mtw;wpdJ KjyPl;bid Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT mjpfupj;jd. NkYk;>jptp neFk Kd;ndLg;Gfs; kidg; nghUshjhu gz;izr; nraw;ghLfis mjpfupj;Js;sd. tUlhe;j ruhrup ghy; cw;gj;jpapid fwitg; gR xd;wpw;F 1>500 yPw;wu;fshf mjpfupf;Fk; tifapy; rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju ghw;gz;izahsu;fis Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf NkYk; 20>000 cau;ju gRf;fis ,wf;Fkjp nra;tjw;F epjp xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ghw;gz;izfs;> Nrfupg;G epiyaq;fs; kw;Wk; cgfuzq;fs;> tpyq;FzTfspd; mgptpUj;jp vd;gtw;wpid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F ghw;gz;izj; Jiwapy; rpwpa> eLj;ju njhopy;Kaw;rpahsu;fSf;F xj;Jiog;G toq;Ftjw;F 8 rjtPj tl;b tpfpjj;jpy; tpNrl fld; jpl;lnkhd;W nraw;gLj;jg;gLk;. ghw;gz;izf; ifj;njhopYf;F NkYk; xj;Jiog;G toq;Ftjw;F ntz;nza;> Nahf;fl; kw;Wk; gpw ghw;nghUs; cw;gj;jpfspd; ,wf;Fkjp kPJ mjp $ba nr]; tup tpjpf;fg;gLk;.
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16.2 2013 ,y; fhzg;gl;l Nfhop cw;gj;jp 2009 ,y; fhzg;gl;l cw;gj;jpg; gw;whf;Fiwapid ePf;Fk; tifapy; 153>000 nkw;wpf; njhd;fshf mjpfupj;jJ. jptp neFk epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lkhdJ 34 rjtPj re;ijg; gq;fspg;gpid mjpfupf;fr; nra;jJ. tpiy epu;zaj;jpid xOq;FgLj;Jtjw;Fk; Efu;Nthu; mNjNghd;W cw;gj;jpahsu;fis ghJfhg;gjw;Fk; Nfhop cw;gj;jpg; nghUl;fs; tpiyf; fl;Lg;ghnlhd;wpid nrytpd fl;likg;G mbg;gilapy; tpjpg;gjw;fhd Gjpa tpiy jpl;lnkhd;wpid mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Vw;Wkjpfis Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf nrYj;jg;gl;l cs;sPl;L tupfspd; cw;gj;jp kPjhd jhf;fj;jpid ,y;yhnjhopg;gjw;F khdpaj; jpl;lnkhd;wpid mwpKfg;gLj;j ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,f;ifj;njhopw; JiwahdJ tpiuthf mgptpUj;jpaile;J tUfpd;wnjd;w tifapy; etPd trjpfSld; $ba kpUf itj;jpa Nritfis tpupthf;Ftjw;Fk; kpUf itj;jpau;fis Ml;Nru;g;G nra;tjw;Fk; kpUf itj;jpau;fSf;F 7>500 &gh khjhe;j nfhLg;gdthf toq;Ftjw;Fk; &gh 200 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 17.0 jptp neFk – fk neFk 17.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> xU kpy;ypad; kidg; nghUshjhuq;fis cUthf;Fk; Nehf;fj;Jld; 2010 ,y; jptp neFk epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk; Kjd;Kjyhf Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJld;> gy FLk;gq;fspy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l ,k;kidg; nghUshjhur; nraw;ghLfs; tpUj;jpaile;Js;sd. jw;nghOJ ,J Ie;jhtJ Rw;wpid mile;Js;sJ. ,r;Rw;wpy; jptp neFk epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk; %yk; fhyepiyikfSf;F cfe;j ,yf;fplg;gl;l gpuNjrq;fSf;F nghUj;jkhd tpij kw;Wk; ehw;Wg; nghUl;fis cw;gj;jp nra;tjid Cf;Ftpf;ff; $ba 125>000 khjpup tPl;Lj; Njhl;lq;fs; cUthf;fg;glTs;sd. KO FLk;g gq;Fgw;WjYld; rpW njhopy;Kaw;rp mgptpUj;jp vd;w ,g;Gjpa vz;zf;fUtpy; gq;Fgw;Wgtu;fis Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F xt;nthU fpuhkNrit mYtyu; gpuptpypUe;Jk; njupT nra;ag;gLk; rpwe;j Ie;J jptp neFk tPl;Lj; Njhl;l FLk;gk; xt;nthd;wpw;Fk; &gh 10>000 toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. jptp neFk FLk;gq;fs; jk;ik ntw;wpfukhd njhopy;Kaw;rpahsu;fshf ek;Gfpd;w msT gr;ir tPl;L gz;izfs;> Nfhop tsu;g;G> fhy;eil my;yJ kPd; gz;izfs;> ifj;jwp my;yJ rpwpa ifj;njhopy;fis tpUj;jp nra;tjw;fhf ntw;wp ngWeu;fSf;F vt;tpj gpizAkpd;wp 6 rjtPj tl;b tpfpjj;jpy; &gh 25>000 %yjdf; fld;fs; Fiwe;jJ 500 ,id toq;Ftjw;F midj;J tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; epjp epWtdq;fis ehd; Ntz;bf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd;. 17.2 fbdkhd Gtpapay; ,l mikTfspy; mike;Js;s fpuhkq;fs; Kiwahd Nghf;Ftuj;J trjpfs; ,d;ikapdhy; mgptpUj;jp nraw;ghLfspd; KOikahd ed;ikapid ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbahky; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,g;gpur;rpidapid jPu;g;gjw;F Nghf;Ftuj;jpw;fhd ,izg;Gfis Vw;gLj;Jk; tifapy; mj;jifa gpuNjrq;fspy; ghyq;fis epu;khzpg;gjw;F murhq;fk; mz;ikapy; epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lnkhd;wpid nraw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. 2014 ,y; mj;jifa 1>000 ghyq;fspid epu;khzpj;J Kbf;Fk; tifapy; ,k;Kd;ndLg;gpid Jupjg;gLj;Jtjw;F Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. mj;jifa gpd;jq;fpa fpuhkq;fs; 500>000 ,id ,jd; %yk; ,izg;gjw;F vjpu;ghu;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJld;> rKjha ePu; toq;fy;> fy;tp> Rfhjhuk; kw;Wk; tho;thjhu nraw;ghLfs; jptp neFk Kd;ndLg;Gfspd; %yk; mk;kf;fSf;F fpilf;fg; ngWtjw;fhf &gh 4>500 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;Fk; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. mj;Jld; Nghf;Ftuj;jpid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf ,g;gpuNjrq;fSf;F rpwpa Ng&e;Jfis toq;Ftjw;F &gh 300 kpy;ypaid
15

xJf;fPL nra;a Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. fpuhkpa ika gzpfis xUq;fpizg;gjw;Fk; khtl;l kl;lj;jpy; rpwe;j nrytpd Kfhikj;Jtj;jpidAk; Nkw;ghu;itapidAk; Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F khtl;lr; nrayfq;fspYs;s khtl;l nrayhsu;;fSf;F &gh 15>000> gpuNjr nrayhsu;fSf;F &gh 5>000> jpl;lkply; gzpg;ghsu;fs; kw;Wk; gpujhd fzf;fhsu;fSf;F &gh 3>000 ,id Cf;Ftpg;Gf; nfhLg;gdthf toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 18.0 rpWtu; Ngh\hf;F 18.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs>fu;g;gpzp kw;Wk; ghY}l;Lk; jha;khu;fSf;Fk; rpWtu;fSf;Fk; Ngh\hf;fpd;ikapid Fiwg;gjw;fhd tpNrl eltbf;iffs; Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. jha;g;ghY}l;ly;> rpWtu;fSf;fhd Ngh\hf;FzT gad;ghL vd;gtw;wpid rpwe;j Rfhjhug; guhkupg;Gld; Cf;Ftpf;Fk; tifapy; $ba ftdk; nrYj;Jtjw;fhd Nritfis toq;Ftjw;F FLk;g Rfhjhu Nritfis Cf;Ftpf;f Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Ngh\hf;F mgptpUj;jpapid Vw;gLj;Jtjw;fhf tPl;Lj; Njhl;l fha;fwpfs;> ghy; kw;Wk; Kl;il Efu;tpid gpugy;ag;gLj;Jtjw;F jptp neFk> rKu;j;jp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs; gad;gLj;jg;gLk;. xt;nthU khtl;lj;jpYk; Njitahd epjp xJf;fPl;bw;Fk; Ngh\hf;Fj;Jiw tpNrl epGzu;fis gzpf;fku;j;Jtjw;Fk; ghlrhiy khztu;fSf;F fy;tp epfo;r;rpfis nraw;gLj;jy;> rkkhd Ngh\hf;fpid Cf;Ftpf;f rKjhakl;l elkhLk; itj;jpa Kfhk;fis elhj;Jjy; vd;gtw;wpid nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. czTg; nghUl;fspd; tpsk;guq;fs; mit NghjpasT Nghridg; ngWkhdq;fis nfhz;Ls;sdth vd;gjid cWjpg;gLj;Jk; tifapy; xOq;FgLj;Jiff; fl;Lg;ghLfis tpjpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ehL KOtjpYk; Jupjg;gLj;jg;gl;l Ngh\hf;F epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fspd; %yk; Ngh\hf;fpd;ikapid Fiwg;gjw;Fk; Ngh\hf;F kl;lq;fis mjpfupg;gjw;Fkhf gy;NtW epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fis cyf czT epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk;> Adpnrg; kw;Wk; czT tptrha epWtdk; vd;gtw;Wld; ,ize;J nraw;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; murhq;fj;jpdhy; tUle;NjhWk; nrytplg;gLk; Vwf;Fiwa &gh 7>000 kpy;ypadpypUe;J Mff; $ba cw;gj;jpj; jpwidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 19.0 kfspu; njhopy;Kaw;rpfs; 19.1 ngUk; vz;zpf;ifapyhd ngz;fs; cau;jukpf;f cw;gj;jp eltbf;iffspd; %yk; tpidj;jpwd;kpf;f rpwpa njhopy;Kaw;rpfspy; <Lgl;Ls;sdu;. ,it rpwe;j FLk;g tUkhdj;jpid cUthf;FtJld; vkJ kf;fSf;F Ntiytha;g;gpw;fhd re;ju;g;gq;fisAk; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;fpd;wJ. fhzp kw;Wk; fl;blq;fs; kPJ tpjpf;fg;gLk; gy;NtWgl;l nfhLg;gdTfs;> gw;whf;Fiwahd %yjdk;> cupj;J njhlu;ghd mwtPLfs;> rpwpa fld;fSf;Fk; ghuk;gupakhd gpizfs;> epu;thf uPjpahd gpur;rpidfs; kw;Wk; epjp epWtdq;fs;> murhq;f Nrit toq;Fdu;fsplj;jpy; mtu;fsJ tpahghuq;fs; njhlu;ghd Nghjpa tpopg;Gzu;tpd;ik Nghd;w gy;NtW gpur;rpidfspdhy; mtu;fsJ tpahghuj; njhopy;Kaw;rpfs; ngupJk; ghjpf;fg;gl;bUg;gjhf ,j;njhopy; Kaw;rpahsu;fs; vk;kplk; Kiwapl;ldu;. 19.2 vt;tpj gpizfSkpd;wp &gh 250>000 tiuf;Fkhd %yjdf; fld;fis toq;Ftjw;F gpuhe;jpa mgptpUj;jp tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; tu;j;jf tq;fpfspd; rpwpa> eLj;ju njhopy;Kaw;rp tq;fpg; gpupTfSf;nfjpuhf kfspu; rpWnjhopy; Kaw;rp fld; cj;juthj jpl;lnkhd;wpid nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. mj;jifa fld;fSf;fhd jifikAila taJ tiuaiw 68 tUlq;fshf tpupthf;fg;gLk;. mt;taJ tiuaiwf;Fg; gpd;du; ngau; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l FLk;g cWg;gpdu; xUtu; Nkyjpf fld; trjpfisg; ngWtjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gl KbAk;. 2014-2015
16

fhyg;gFjpapy; gpuhe;jpa mgptpUj;jp tq;fpfspdhy; kfspu; mgptpUj;jpf;F trjpaspg;gjw;fhf ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 20.0 rpwpa tpahghu kw;Wk; Ra Ntiytha;g;G nghUshjhuk;

njhopy;Kaw;rp

20.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs>eilghijfs;> thuhe;j re;ijfisg; gad;gLj;Jk; rpwpa tpahghupfs;> NjePu; filfs;> czTr;rhiyfs;> jpUj;Jk; epiyaq;fs;> ijaw; filfs;> rpifayq;fhuf; filfs;> rpwpa rpy;yiwf; filfs; vd;gd tu;j;jf epiyaq;fspy; Ra Ntiytha;g;G re;ju;g;gq;fs; gytw;wpid toq;Ffpd;wd. ngUk; vz;zpf;ifapyhd Efu;Nthu; ,t;thwhd gue;J fhzg;gLk; Nrit toq;Feu;fsplkpUe;J ed;ikailfpd;wdu;. cs;Suhl;rp kd;wq;fSf;F gy;NtW topfspy; nfhLg;gdT nra;tjpypUe;J tpyf;fspj;J &gh 500 ,id nfhLg;gdT nra;tjw;F rpwpa njhopy;Kaw;rpahsu;fs; jifik ngWtjw;fhd jptp neFk ml;ilfis toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. mj;jifa ml;il itj;jpUg;gtu;fSf;F murhq;f epWtdq;fspdhy; Fj;jiff;fhf toq;fg;gl;l fhzpfs; miu Vf;fiu tplf; Fiwthf ,Uf;Fkhapd; tUlhe;j Fj;jiff; fl;lzj;jpid &gh 1>000 Mff; Fiwg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,t;trjpfs; Vw;fdNt gy ed;ikfisg; ngw;W tUfpd;w rKu;j;jp gadhsu;fSf;Fk; tpupthf;fg;gLk;. murhq;f epWtdq;fspdhy; rpwpa njhopy;Kaw;rpahsu;fSf;F tu;j;jf Nehf;fq;fSf;fhf ePz;lfhy Fj;jif mbg;gilapy; toq;fg;gl;l Fj;jiffis ,yFthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhoptJld;>mj;jifa Fj;jiffs; Vw;fdNt gj;J tUlq;fis tpQ;rp ,Uf;Fkhapd; mtu;fs; 50 tUl ePz;lfhy Fj;jiff;F khWtjw;;fhd Nju;T toq;fg;gLk;. jptp neFk kw;Wk; rKu;j;jp gadhsu;fspd; 50 rjtPjkhd KjyPl;L Nrkpg;Gfs; tq;fpfspYs;s rpwpa tpw;gidahsu;fs; Fiwe;j tl;b tpfpjj;jpy; rpwpa fld;fis ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F gad;gLj;jg;gLtjw;Fk; mj;jifa fld; ngWeu;fspdhy; FO gpizfs; toq;Ftjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. khjhe;j Gus;T &gh 50>000 ,idtpl Fiwe;j tpahghuq;fspy; <Lgl;Ls;s rpwpa tpw;gidahsu;fSf;F cs;Suhl;rp kd;wq;fspdhy; tpjpf;fg;gLk; midj;J jPu;itfspypUe;Jk; tpyf;fspg;gjw;F Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Gjpa ghijfspy;> tpw;gid epiyaq;fspy; kw;Wk; khefu gpuNjrq;fspy; thuhe;j re;ijfspy;<Lgl;bUe;j elkhLk; tpahghupfs; kw;Wk; eilghij tpahghupfSf;F nghUj;jkhd ,lq;fis toq;Ftjw;F Vw;ghLfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sd. 20.2 fiyak;rq;fs;> tPl;L myq;fhuk;> Jzp tbtikg;G> ijay; Ntiyfs;> kl;ghz;l njhopy;fs; mj;Jld; ngWkjpahd cNyhfq;fisf; nfhz;L nghUl;fs; jahupg;gpy; <LgLk; rpwpa iftpidahsu;fSf;F Gfo;ngw;w thbf;ifahsu;fsplkpUe;J fpilf;fg; ngw;w cWjpahd fl;lisfSf;F vjpuhf fld; toq;Ftjw;F Row;rp epjpankhd;wpid cUthf;f ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. cs;ehl;L jsghlf; ifj;njhopypid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf jw;nghOJ ehl;bw;Fs; jsghlg; Nghf;Ftuj;J njhlu;ghf fhzg;gLfpd;w tiuaiwfis ePf;Ftjw;Fk; tPl;Lg; nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; mYtyf jsghlq;fis ,wf;Fkjp nra;tjw;Fk; tiuaiwfis tpjpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 21.0 r%f Nritfs; 21.1 murhq;fk; gy;NtW Kd;ndLg;Gfspd; fPo; taJ Kjpu;e;jtu;fs; kw;Wk; khw;W jpwdhspfs;> Fiwe;j tUkhdk; ngWk; FLk;gq;fSf;fhd eyd;Gup xj;Jiog;Gfis tpupthf;fpAs;sJ. 2013 tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpy; taJ Kjpu;e;jtu;fSf;fhd khjhe;j nfhLg;gdthf &gh 1>000 toq;fg;gl;lJ. ,j;jpl;lj;jpd; %yk;> Vwf;Fiwa 221>000 taJ Kjpu;e;jtu;fs; ed;ikaile;jdu;.
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khw;Wj; jpwdhspfSf;fhd tho;f;ifr; nrytpdf; nfhLg;gdthf &gh 3>000 toq;fg;gl;lJ. mtu;fis tho;thjhu nraw;ghLfspy; <LgLj;jp tYt+l;Ltjw;fhd njhopy; gapw;rpfspd; %yk; jpwd; tpUj;jp gapw;rp toq;fg;gl;lJ. ehL KOtjpYKs;s ,t;thwhd njhopy;gapw;rp ghlrhiyfis etPdkag;gLj;jp njhopy;gapw;rp trjpfis Nkk;gLj;JtJld; Gjpa cgfuzq;fis toq;fp Gjpa gapw;rp newpfis mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjw;;fhf &gh 100 kpy;ypaid toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 22.0 rpWtu; J\;gpuNahfk; kw;Wk; ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;Kiw 22.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> rkak;> fyhr;rhuk; kw;Wk; ghuk;gupaq;fspdhy; ngWkjp tpOkpaq;fs; mjpfupj;j vkJ r%fj;jpy; rpWtu; J\;gpuNahfk; kw;Wk; ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;Kiwfs; fhzg;gLtJ kpfTk; Vkhw;wj;jpid juf;$ba tplakhFk;. ,yq;if kfspu; gzpafk;> rpWtu; ghJfhg;G mjpfhu rig> ,yq;if nghyp]; vd;gd ,e;epfo;Tfspid jtpu;g;gjw;fhd gy;NtWgl;l eltbf;iffis Kd;ndLj;Js;sd. mj;jifa Nkhrkhd rk;gtq;fisj; jLg;gjw;F trjpaspg;gjw;fhf gpuNjr nrayf kl;lj;jpy; fs mYtyu;fis <LgLj;Jtjw;fhf &gh 300 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,t;thwhd rk;gtq;fspdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fspd; eyDf;fhf ghJfhg;G ,y;yq;fspid cUthf;Ftjw;Fk; rpWtu; J\;gpuNahfk; kw;Wk; ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;Kiwfis cupa Kiwapy; ifahs;tjw;F nghyp]; epiyaq;f ; spy; jdpahd myFfis tpupthf;Ftjw;Fk; Kd;nkhopag;gLfpd;wJ. ,t;tplaj;jpid Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;tjw;fhf rKu;j;jp rq;fq;fs; kw;Wk; rKjha mbg;gil epWtdq;fspd; <Lghl;Lld; tiyaikg;G xd;wpid Vw;gLj;jp ngw;Nwhu;- Mrpupau; rq;fq;fspd; %yk; ghlrhiyfspy; tpopg;Gzu;T epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fis tpupthf;Fk; mNjNeuk; FLk;g MNyhridfis toq;ff; $ba jd;dhu;tkpf;ftu;fis Cf;Ftpg;gJk; Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. 23.0 gpuNjr rigfis tYt+l;Ljy; 23.1 thuhe;j re;ij> fopT Kfhikj;Jtk;> tbfhyikg;G Kiwik> ghij trjpfs;> rpWtu; g+q;fhf;fs;> nghJ Rfhjhu trjpfs; Nghd;w rKjha cl;fl;likg;G trjpfspid gpuNjr rigfs; Nghd;wtw;wpdhy; Nkk;gLj;j KbahjJld;> mbg;gil ,ae;jpuq;fs; kw;Wk; cgfuzq;fis nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F Nghjpa tUkhdk; ,y;yhj mNjNtis> mtw;wpid juKau;j;jTk; guhkupf;fTk; Kbahj epiy fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,e;j tifapy; 2014 ,y; xt;nthU gpuNjr rigfSf;Fk; l;uf;lu;fs;> rpwpa epu;khz cgfuzq;fs; kw;Wk; ,ae;jpuq;fs; Nghd;w %yjd cgfuzq;fis toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. rKjha cl;fl;likg;G trjpfs; guhkupf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;gJld; rpwe;j Kiwapy; Gduikf;fg;gl Ntz;bapUg;gjdhy; mtw;wpdJ njhopw;ghl;L %yjdj;jpw;F Fiw epug;gpahf xt;nthU gpuNjr rigf;Fk; khjhe;jk; &gh 1 kpy;ypaid toq;Ftjw;F ehd; NkYk; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 24.0 td rPtuhrp ghJfhg;G 24.1 tuT nryTj;jpl;l MNyhridf; $l;lq;fspd;NghJ> td tpyq;Ffs; fpuhkq;fSf;Fs; Eiotij jLg;gjw;F Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gl;l gpuNjrq;fspy; tpyq;FzTfis gapu; nra;tJld; ePu; epiyfis Gduikj;jy; Nghd;w Vida trjpfis nra;tJ mj;jpahtrpakhdJ vd;gJ njupa te;jJ. xt;nthU gpuNjr nrayfj;jpw;Fl;gl;l gpuNjrq;fspdJk; tpNrl Njitfis ftdj;jpw; nfhz;L td rPtuhrp ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; rKjha ghJfhg;G jpl;lq;fis mgptpUj;jp nra;tjw;F xt;nthU gpuNjr nrayfj;jpw;Fk; &gh 10 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd;
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Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Njitahd thfdq;fs; kw;Wk; cgfuzq;fis nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf td rPtuhrpfs; jpizf;fsj;jpw;F &gh 200 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;a ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 2013 tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpy; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;l kdpj capu;fs; kw;Wk; Mjdq;fspd; ,og;gpw;fhd el;l<l;L fhg;GWjpj; jpl;lj;jpid 2014 ,ypUe;J nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 25.0 Rfhjhu Nritfs; 25.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> Gw;WNeha;> ghuprthjk;> khuilg;G> rpWePuf Neha; Nghd;w njhw;whj Neha;fspd; mjpfupg;gpdhy; vkJ kf;fs; Gjpa rthy;fis jw;nghOJ vjpu;Nehf;fpAs;sdu; vd;w tifapy;> ,e;epiyikapid fl;Lg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd cWjpahd Kaw;rpapid ehk; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;. k`ufk Gw;WNeha; itj;jparhiyapid mjpfstpyhd cs;sf kw;Wk; ntspNehahsu;fs; gad;gLj;Jk; tifapy; khw;wpaikg;gjw;fhd Ntiyfs; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. aho;g;ghzk;> fz;b> FUehfy;> gJis> mDuhjGuk; kw;Wk; fhyp itj;jparhiyfspy; fjpupaf;f rpfpr;ir myFfis cUthf;Ftjd; %yk; k`ufk Gw;WNeha; itj;jparhiyapy; mj;jifa rpfpr;irf;fhf MW khjq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahky; %d;wiu tUlq;fs; tiu fhj;jpUf;Fk; Nehahsu;fspd; gl;baypidf; Fiwg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,e;j etPd epiyaq;fs; Neha; jLg;G gupNrhjidfs;> Neha; fz;lwpjy; trjpfs; kw;Wk; nryT Fiwe;j rpfpr;irfis etPd ,ae;jpuq;fs; kw;Wk; cgfuzq;fspd; %yk; Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhd trjpfisf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;. ghuprthjk; njhlu;ghd Rfhjhu eyd;fis Kfhik nra;tjw;fhf ,yq;if Njrpa ghuprthj epiyak;jhgpf;fg;gLk;. rpWePuf Nehahsu;fSf;F kUj;Jt trjpfis toq;Ftjw;fhf Nghjpa itj;jpau;fs; kw;Wk; kUe;Jfs; Jupjg;gLj;jg;gl;l mbg;gilapy; toq;fg;gLk;. rpWePuf Neha;f;F vjpuhd jLg;G eltbf;iffs;>midtUf;Fk; ghJfhg;ghd FbePu; toq;Ftjy;>,urhadg; grisfs; kw;Wk; g+r;rpehrpdp gpuNahfj;jpypUe;J tptrhapfs; tpyfpapUg;gjw;fhd tpopg;Gzu;T epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs;> Efu;Tf;F kpfTk; nghUj;jkhdit gjdplg;glhj czTg; nghUl;fNs Nghd;w tplaq;fis njspTgLj;Jtjd; %yKk; ,e;eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. ePu; %yk; guTfpd;w Neha;fisf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jtjw;F jukhd Foha; ePu; trjp fpilf;fg; ngwhj tlkj;jpa khfhzj;jpYs;s fpuhkq;fSf;F ROePu; Rj;jpfupg;G nghwpj;njhFjpfis toq;Ftjw;F &gh 900 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;a ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 25.2 2014-16 eLj;juf; fhy tuT nryTj;jpl;l Ntiyr;rl;lfj;jpd;NghJ njhw;whj Neha;fisf; ifahs;tjw;F nryT Fiwe;j cl;fl;likg;G trjpfis mgptpUj;jp nra;tjw;fhf 2014 ,y; &gh 2>000 kpy;ypaid Nkyjpf xJf;fPlhf Vw;ghL nra;tjw;F jpl;lkplg;gl;Ls;sJ. vkJ ehl;bd; mLj;j gj;J tUlq;fSf;fhd rpWtu; eyd; Njitfis ftdpg;gjw;Fk; kUj;Jt Muha;r;rp trjpfis Vw;ghL nra;tjw;Fkhd rpwe;j epiyaq;fshf ,uz;L Njrpa rpWtu; itj;jparhiyfisAk; Jupjkhf etPdkag;gLj;Jtjw;F &gh 1>000 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;a ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. nfhOk;G> fSNghtpy kw;Wk; whfk itj;jparhiyfs; jpde;NjhWk; Vwf;Fiwa 10>000 ntspNehahsu;fisAk; 7>500 cs;sf Nehahsu;fisAk; ftdpj;J tUfpd;wd. nfhOk;G kw;Wk; mjid mz;ba khtl;lq;fisr; Nru;e;j Nehahspfs; ,t;itj;jparhiyfspd; Nritfspy; jq;fpapUg;gjdhy; mtw;wpd; trjpfs; tpupthf;fg;gLtJld; etPdkag;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;sd. ,e;j %d;W itj;jparhiyfspdJk; ntspNehahsu; rpfpr;irg; gpupT kw;Wk; Vida trjpfspid mgptpUj;jp nra;tjw;fhd khdpankhd;whf Vwf;Fiwa 180 kpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyu;fis rPd kf;fs; FbauR toq;Ffpd;wJ
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vd;w tifapy; ehd; kpfTk; ijupakilfpd;Nwd;. ehl;by; Rfhjhu Nritfs; mgptpUj;jpf;fhf ,e;j khdpa cjtpapid ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;;fhf 2014 kw;Wk; 2015 ,y; Nkyjpf Vw;ghLfis nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. jhjpkhu;> FLk;g Rfhjhu gzpahsu;fs; kw;Wk; gpw gjtpapdUf;fhd tUlhe;;j rPUilf; nfhLg;gdthf NkYk; &gh 500 - 1>500 toq;Ftjw;Fk; Jiz kUj;Jt gjtpapdUf;fhd miog;G gzp nfhLg;gdthf khjnkhd;wpw;F 150 &ghtpid toq;Ftjd; %yk; Rfhjhuj;Jiw Copau;fis Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. mj;Jld; Mgj;J tFjpfisr; Nru;e;jtu;fSf;F &gh 50 – 100 ,id Mgj;Jf; nfhLg;gdthf mjpfupg;gjw;F NkYk; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Rfhjhu Nritf;F fl;lzq;fis mwtpLk; cyfj;jpYs;s nry;te;j ehLfs; $l mtw;wpdJ kf;fSf;F Rfhjhu Nritfis toq;Fjy; njhlu;ghd epjp neUf;fbfis vjpu;Nehf;Ffpd;w epiyapy; ehk; ehL KOtjpYk; kUe;Jg; nghUl;fs; khj;jpukd;wp cs;sf kw;Wk; ntspNehahsu;fSf;F KOikahd ,ytr kUe;Jt Nritapid toq;FtJ vkf;F ngUikahFk;. 26.0 fiy kw;Wk; fyhrhuk; 26.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> gpuhe;jpaj;jpy; ghupastpyhd mgptpUj;jpfs; ,lk; ngWtJld; murhq;fk; etPd cl;fl;likg;G trjpfSld; $ba fiy fyhrhu epfo;Tfis tpupTgLj;JtJk; mtrpakhFk;. ,g;gpd;dzpapy;> fz;b kw;Wk; mEuhjGuj;jpy; fiy fyhrhu epfo;Tfis Nkw;nfhs;sf; $ba ,uz;L fyhrhu epiyaq;fis cUthf;Ftjw;F 2014-16 eLj;juf; fhy tuT nryTj;jpl;l Ntiyr;rl;lfj;jpw;Fs; Vwf;Fiwa &gh 3>000 kpy;ypaid khdpa cjtpahf ngWtjw;F cj;Njrpj;Js;Nsd;. NkYk;> aho;g;ghzk;> jpUNfhzkiy kw;Wk; fhypapy; etPd fyhrhu epiyaq;fis cUthf;Ftjw;fhd eltbf;iffSk; vLf;fg;gl;Ls;;sd. yady; ntd;w;fiyf;$lk;>Yk;gpzp fyh epiyak; kw;Wk; fhyp efurig fyh epiyak; vd;gtw;wpid etPdkag;gLj;Jk; gzpfs; 2014 ,y; Muk;gpf;fg;glTs;sd. vkJ kuGupikfs;> fyhr;rhuk; kw;Wk; ghuk;gupa eilKiwfis Mtzkag;gLj;jp vkJ Gjpa re;jjpapdUf;F kj;jpapy; mtw;wpid gpugy;ag;;gLj;Jtjw;fhd tpNrl fUj;jpl;lq;fis nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpd; %yk; Vw;ghLfis nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 27.0 fiyQu;fSf;fhd tpLKiw ,y;yq;fs; 27.1 fiyQu;fSf;fhf tpNrlkhf tbtikf;fg;gl;l Ie;J tpLKiw ,y;yq;fis epu;khzpg;gjw;fhd Muk;g %yjdj;jpid toq;Ftjw;Fk; fhzpfis xJf;fPL nra;tjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. murhq;fj;jpd; ,g;gq;fspg;gpid tsu;j;njLg;gjw;fhf ,f;fUj;jpl;lj;jpd; Mjuthsu;fsplkpUe;J epjp Nrfupg;G gpurhuq;fis Nkw;nfhs;tjd; %yKk; ehl;bd; fiy kw;Wk; rpdpkhj;Jiw nrayhw;Wifapid Rw;Wyhj;Jiw KOtJk; vLj;Jf; fhl;Ltjd; %yk; ,jw;F gq;fspg;G nra;AkhW fiyQu;fis ehd; Ntz;bf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd;. nghJeytha khehl;bd; Muk;g epfo;Tfspy; vkJ gy;Jiw Mw;wy;kpf;f fiyQu;fspd; nrayhw;Wif %yk;; rpwe;j fiy epfo;Tfis epfo;jj ; paikahdJ ,e;ehl;bd; rkhjhdk; kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;fj;jpd; nra;jpapid vLj;Jr; nrhy;tjw;F mtu;fsJ Mw;wy;fspd; %yk; KbAkhf ,Ue;jJ. 28.0 fy;tp 28.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs>,g;ghuhSkd;;wj;jpy; rku;g;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;s tuT nryTj;jpl;l kjpg;gPLfs; nghJf;fy;tpf;fhf &gh 125 gpy;ypaid Vw;ghL nra;Js;sJ. &gh 80 gpy;ypad; Mrpupau;fspd; rk;gsq;fSf;fhf
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nrytplg;gLfpd;wJ. NkYk; &gh 10 gpy;ypad; ghlrhiyg; Gj;jfq;fs;> rPUilfs;> kjpa czT kw;Wk; Nghf;Ftuj;J cjTnjhiffSf;fhf toq;fg;gLfpd;wd. rpWtu; el;G ghlrhiy Kiwik>k`pe;Njhja Ma;T$lq;fs;> Mrpupau; gapw;rp> ghlg; Gj;jfq;fspd; ju Nkk;ghL kw;Wk; fw;gpj;jy; rhjdq;fs; vd;gtw;wpid cUthf;Ftjw;fhfTk; cau;ju tFg;Gfspy; njhopDl;g ghlq;fis mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjw;fhfTk; eLj;juf; fhyj;jpy; murhq;f KjyPl;L epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fSf;F Kd;Dupik toq;fg;gl;lJ. 2014 ,y; 1>000 k`pe;Njhja Ma;T$lq;fs; cs;slq;fyhf 6>000 ghlrhiyfs; mgptpUj;jp nra;;ag;gLtJld; fpuhkpag; ghlrhiyfspd; Gduikg;Gk; g+uzg;gLj;jg;gLk;. fpuhkpa ghlrhiyfspy; Jg;guNtw;ghl;L trjpfis Nkk;gLj;jy; kw;Wk; Vida trjpfis nra;tjw;Fkhf &gh 1>000 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;;gLk;. midj;J trjpfSld; k`ufk Mrpupau; gapw;rpf; fy;Y}up mgptpUj;jp nra;ag;gLtjw;fhf &gh 750 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gLtJld; mjd; %yk; ehl;bYs;s Vida Mrpupau; gapw;rpf; fy;Y}upfspdJk; trjpfs; juKau;j;jg;gLk;. NkYk;> ,yq;if Mrpupau; Nrit> ,yq;if mjpgu;fs; Nrit> ,yq;if fy;tpapayhsu;fs; Nrit kw;Wk; ,yq;if fy;tp epUthf Nrit vd;gtw;wpy; fhzg;gLk; gpur;rpidfisj; jPu;g;gjw;Fk; fy;tp juj;jpid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;Fkhf epakpf;fg;gl;l FOtpd; gupe;Jiufis nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F eltbf;if vLf;fg;gLk;. 29.0 gpupntdh fy;tp fy;tp cghaq;fspd; Nehf;fkhdJ 2014 – 16 eLj;juf; fhyj;jpy; gpupntdh fy;tp fw;Fk; khztu;fspd; vz;zpf;ifapid 2016 mstpy; 25 rjtPjj;jpdhy; mjpfupg;gjhFk;. ,t;tpyf;fpid mile;J nfhs;tjw;fhf gpupntdhf; fy;tpapy; Mrpupau; gq;Fgw;Wifapid 25 rjtPjj;jpdhy; mjpfupf;fg;gl Ntz;ba Njit fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. gpupntdh fy;tp trjpfis juKau;j;Jk; Nehf;fj;Jld; tFg;giwfs;> E}yfq;fs;> fzdp Ma;T$lq;fs;> jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; cgfuzq;fis nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf xt;nthU gpupntdhf;Fk;&gh 500>000 ,id toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. gpupntdh Mrpupau;fSf;F ,lu; fld;fs;> Mjdf; fld;fs;> mf;u`hu fhg;GWjp jpl;l trjpfs; kw;Wk; Mizr;rPl;Lfs; Nghd;w midj;J trjpfisAk; tpupthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. mNjNghd;W> khztu; nfhLg;gdtpid kjFUkhUf;F ehnshd;Wf;F &gh 15 MfTk; Vida khztu;fSf;F ehnshd;Wf;F 5&ghthfTk; mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 30.0 jpwd; fy;tp 29.1 gpupntdh 30.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs>vkJ ,isQu;fs; mjpf rk;gsKila gjtpfis ngWtjw;F KbAkhd tifapy; Cf;Ftpg;Gfs; toq;fg;gl;L re;ij Nfs;tpapid eptu;j;jp nra;Ak; tifapy; tpiuthf tsu;r;rpaile;J tUk; jpwd; mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fis nraw;gLj;j Ntz;ba Njit fhzg;gLfpwJ. mLj;j jrhg;jj;jpy; ifj;njhopy;fs; kw;Wk; Nritfs; Jiwapy; cw;gj;jpj; jpwid tpUj;jp nra;a Ntz;ba NjitAk; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. vdNt murhq;fk; jpwd; fy;tpf;fhd murhq;f nrytpdj;jpw;F Fiw epug;Gtjw;fhf cyf tq;fpaplkpUe;Jk; Mrpa mgptpUj;jp tq;fpaplkpUe;Jk; Vwf;Fiwa 350 kpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyu;fis cjtpahf Ntz;bAs;sJ. ,jw;fikthf> jpwd; mgptpUj;jp kw;Wk; ,isQu; tptfhuq;fs; kPjhd nrytpdk; 2014 ,y; &gh 12>105 kpy;ypadhf mjpfupf;fg;gLtJld;> mLj;j ,uz;L tUlq;fspy; ehl;by; jpwd; fy;tpapid Jupjg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd ntspehl;L epjpaspg;G trjpfs; gfpug;gLk;. nkhwl;Lit

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gy;fiyf;fofj;Jld; ,izf;fg;gl;l bg;Nshkh rhd;wpjo; toq;Ffpd;w njhopDl;gf; fy;Y}upnahd;wpid N`hkhfktpy; epWTtjw;F jpl;lkplg;gl;Ls;;sJ. 30.2 njhopDl;g fy;Y}upfs; kw;Wk; tho;f;ifj; njhopy; gapw;rp epiyaq;fspd; Gduikg;G kw;Wk; epu;khzk;> gapw;rp cgfuzq;fspd; mgptpUj;jp kw;Wk; Vida rhjdq;fis toq;Fjy;> gjtpazp gapw;rp kw;Wk; cau;njhopy; mgptpUj;jp vd;gtw;wpid cs;slf;fpajhf 2014 – 20 tho;f;ifj; njhopy; fy;tp cghak; fhzg;gLk;. tptrhak;> jfty; njhopDl;gk;> fzf;fPL> ePu;g;ghrdk;> epu;khzk;> fg;gy; kw;Wk; glF fl;Lkhzk;> rKj;jpu njhopDl;gk;> Rw;Wyh> rpif myq;fhuk;> cau; njhopDl;g ifj;njhopy;fs; kw;Wk; ntspehl;L jpwd; Ntiytha;g;Gfs; vd;gtw;wpy; njhopDl;g Nghl;bj;jd;ikapid tpupthf;Ftjid ,e;epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs; ,yf;fhff; nfhz;Ls;sd. jpwd; fy;tpapid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;Fk; Njrpa tho;f;ifj;njhopy; jifik (NVQ) juhjuq;fSld; bg;Nshkh ngw;wtu;fis mjpfupg;gjw;;fhfTk; tpupTiuahsu;fs; kw;Wk; khztu;fSf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w nfhLg;gdTfis mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 2015 mstpy; 50>000 bg;Nshkh ngWeu;fisAk; 50>000 rhd;wpjo; ngWeu;fisAk; tho;f;if njhopy; jifik juhjuq;fSld; gy;NtW Jiwfspy; cUthf;Ftjid jpwd; fy;tp Nehf;fhff; nfhz;Ls;sJ. 31.0 gy;fiyf;fof tPlikg;G>efuhf;fq;fs; kw;Wk; cau; fw;iffs;> Ma;TfSf;fhd trjpfs; 31.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ ehl;by; gy;fiyf;fof fy;tpapid juKau;j;Jtjw;F trjpaspg;gjw;fhf vkJ gy;fiyf;fofq;fis efuhf;fy; #onyhd;Wf;F khw;Wtjw;;fhd epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lnkhd;W nraw;gLj;jg;glTs;sJ. vkJ gy;fiyf;fof khztu;fspd; jq;Fkpl trjpfspy; fhzg;gLk; gw;whf;Fiwapid jPu;g;gjw;F $ba Kd;Dupik toq;fpAs;Nshk;. &gh 15>000 kpy;ypad; nrytpy; 15>000 khztu;fSf;fhf 15 gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy; tpLjp epu;khz epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpid ehk; nraw;gLj;jpAs;Nshk;. ,J Kjyhk; tUl kw;Wk; ,Wjp tUl khztu;fspd; jq;Fkpl trjpfspy; jw;nghOJ fhzg;gLk; gpur;rpidfis KOikahf jPu;ff ; f; $bajhf ,Uf;Fk;. gy;fiyf;fof efuhf;fw; #oiy mz;;ba gFjpfspy; Nkyjpf jq;Fkpl trjpfis toq;Fgtu;fSf;F Cf;Ftpg;Gf; nfhLg;gdTfs; toq;fg;gLk;. eLj;juf; fhyj;jpd;NghJ ftu;r;rpfukhd rk;gsj;jpid toq;Ftjw;F ehk; cWjpaspj;jthW mbg;gil rk;gsj;jpy; 5 rjtPjj;jpid gy;fiyf;fof tpupTiuahsu;fSf;F fy;tpf; nfhLg;gdthf toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 31.2 [atu;;j;jdGu gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; nghwpapay; kw;Wk; njhopDl;g trjpfs;> fsdp gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; jfty; njhopDl;g epiyak;> Nguhjidg; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; cau;ju kUj;Jt gPlk;> nkhwl;Lit gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; ,yj;jpudpay;> ngw;Nwhypak; kw;Wk; tpz;ntspg; gazk; rhu; nghwpapay; gPlq;fis jhgpg;gjid cs;slf;fpajhf eLj;juf; fhy mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs; fhzg;gLk;. nfhOk;G> tak;g> aho;g;ghzk;> u[ul;l> fpof;F> Ctnty;y];]> rgufKt kw;Wk; WFz gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy; Kfhikj;Jt jpwd; tpupthf;;fy;> czT njhopDl;gk;> kpUf itj;jpa tpQ;Qhdk; kw;Wk; tptrha gPlq;fis tpupthf;FtJld; MAu;Ntj Nghjdh itj;jparhiyfspy; RNjr kUj;Jtj;jpy; cau;ju gl;lg;gbg;Gfis tpupthf;Fjy; vd;gd eLj;juf; fhyj;jpy; Kd;Dupik mspf;fg;gl Ntz;ba tplaq;fshff; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,tw;Wld; cau; fy;tpapd; juj;jpid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf jpl;lkplg;gl;Ls;sJld; mjw;fhf eLj;juf; fhyj;jpd;NghJ &gh 9>000 kpy;ypad; Nkyjpf njhif nrytplg;gLnkd vjpu;ghu;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
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,k;Kd;ndLg;Gfis Jupjg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf 2>000 kpy;ypaid 2014 ,y; xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 32.0 gpuhe;jpa kUj;Jt ikakhf ,yq;if 32.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> gl;lg;gpd; gbg;G jifikfSld; $ba itj;jpau;fs; kw;Wk; kUj;Jt Muha;r;rpahsu;fspd; vz;zpf;if mjpfupg;gpD}lhf kUj;Jt tpNrl epGzu;fspd; vz;zpf;ifapid 1>500 Nguhf ehk; mjpfupj;Js;Nshk;. ,t; vz;zpf;ifapid ,ul;bg;ghf;FtJ vkJ cghakhFk;. mjd; %yk; xt;nthU 100>000 rdj;njhiff;F mj;jifa tpNrl itj;jpau;fs; 11 Ngu; ,Ug;gu;. ,jd; %yk; gl;lg;gpd; gbg;G tha;g;GfSld; kUj;Jtf; fy;Y}upfspypUe;J 15>000 ,w;Fk; mjpfkhd itj;jpau;fs; ntspNaw KbAk;. ,jd; %yk; khtl;l itj;jparhiyfs; mNjNghd;W jdpahu; itj;jparhiyfspy; mjpf vz;zpf;ifapyhd tpNrl itj;jpau;fis Nru;j;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F KbAkhf ,Uf;Fk;. 32.2 tpNrl itj;jparhiyfspy; kUe;Jg; gad;ghl;L> rpfpr;ir Kd;ndLg;Gfs; kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp eltbf;iffis xOq;FgLj;Jtjw;fhd Njrpa kUe;Jf; nfhs;ifr; rl;lk; xd;wpid Rfhjhu mikr;R jahupj;Js;sJ. czT juk; njhlu;ghd xOq;FgLj;Jif Vw;ghnlhd;wpid cUthf;Ftjw;fhd mtru Njitnahd;W czug;gLfpd;w fhyk; ,JthFk;. ,e;eltbf;iffSf;F rkhe;jukhf kUj;Jt gl;lg;gpd; gbg;G epWtfj;jpd; ghltpjhdq;fis tpupthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhoptJld; kUj;Jtj; Jiwapy; gl;lg;gpd; gbg;G fw;iffSf;fhd mDkjp ,ul;bg;ghf;fg;gLk;. mLj;j %d;W tUlq;fspd;NghJ rfy trjpfSld; $ba gl;lg;gpd; gbg;G kUj;Jt epWtdnkhd;wpid cUthf;Ftjw;F &gh 2>500 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Gjpa gl;lg;gpd; gbg;G epWtfk; gl;lg;gpd; gbg;G Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; cau; fw;iffSf;F Njitahd etPd trjpfSld; $ba Nghjdh itj;jparhiyfSld; njhlu;GgLj;jg;gLk;. jkJ Nritf; fhyj;jpid g+uzg;gLj;jpa tpNrl epGzj;Jt Mw;wy;kpf;f kUj;Jt cau;njhopy; Gupeu;fspd; Nritfis njhlu;e;J ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;Fk; vkJ ehl;by; tpNrl kUj;Jt Nritfis tpupthf;Ftjw;Fk; tpNrl cau;ju kUj;Jt epiyankhd;wpid jhgpg;gjw;F ehd; NkYk; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 32.3 rpWePuf Neha;fs;> Ngh\hf;fpd;ik kw;Wk; vkJ r%fj;jpy; fhzg;gLfpd;w rkfhy Neha;fSf;F rpfpr;ir mspg;gjw;F KbAkhd kUj;Jt tpNrl epGzu;fis mjpfupg;gjw;F Kd;Dupik toq;f ehd; Kd;nkhopfpNwd;. Fwpg;ghf fpuhkg; Gwq;fspy; Fb ePu; juj;jpid Nkk;gLj;Jtjid Nehf;fhff; nfhz;l ru;tNjr Muha;r;rpfs; kw;Wk; njhopDl;g xj;Jiog;Gfis vkJ gy;fiyf;fofq;fspypUe;J murhq;fk; vjpu;ghu;f;fpd;wJ. itj;jparhiy Nritfspy; <Lgl;Ls;s kUj;Jt gapYeu;fSf;fhf khjhe;j gapYeu; nfhLg;gdtpid &gh 750 Mf toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. mj;Jld; kUj;Jt cau; njhopy; Gupeu;fs; ru;tNjr uPjpapy; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;l Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; cau; njhopy; mgptpUj;jp Kd;ndLg;Gfspy; <LgLtjid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F kUj;Jt cau; njhopy; Gupeu;fSf;fhd Muha;r;rp nfhLg;gdT xd;wpidAk; toq;Ftjw;F Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 33.0 cau; njhopy; Nrit ikak; 33.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> fzf;fpay;> tu;j;fk;> epjp> rl;lk;> jfty; njhopDl;gk;> nghwpapay; kw;Wk; fl;blf; fiy Nghd;w Jiwfspy; vkJ ehL Kd;ndd;Wk; ,y;yhjthW Kd;Ndw;wkile;Js;sJ. ,j;Jiwfspy;
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<Lgl;Ls;stu;fspd; vz;zpf;if epahakhdsT mjpfupj;Js;sJ. vdNt> vkJ ehl;by;; njhopDl;g cjtpahsu;fisAk; jifik ngw;w cau;njhopy; Gupeu;fspd; vz;zpf;ifapid mjpfupg;gjw;Fk; khfhz kl;lj;jpy; mj;jifa cau;njhopy; kw;Wk; njhopDl;g epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fis tpupthf;Ftjw;F ru;tNjr uPjpapy; Gfo;ngw;w cau;njhopy; epWtdq;fspd; xj;Jiog;gpid ngWtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. kdpjts Kfhikj;Jtk;> epjp kw;Wk; fzf;fPL> rl;lk; kw;Wk; nfhs;tdT vd;gtw;wpy; tpahghu ntspahu; Nrit toq;fypy; (BPO) <Lglf; $ba jdpahu; epWtdq;fis cUthf;Ftjw;Fk; ru;tNjr thbf;ifahsu;fSf;F cau;e;j ju Nritfis toq;Ftjw;Fk; ehd; Cf;fkspf;fpd;Nwd;. ru;tNjr Nritfspy; <Lglf; $ba mj;jifa VNjDk; gq;Flik my;yJ epWtdq;fis jhgpg;gjw;fhf Ie;J tUl fhyg;gFjpf;F miuthrp tup tpLKiw toq;fg;gLk;. cau;njhopy; Gupeu;fSf;fhd Ms;rhu; tUkhd tup tpjpg;gdthdJ mjpf Nfs;tpAila Jiwfisr; Nru;e;j cau;njhopy; Gupeu;fspdhy; ngwg;gl;l tUkhdj;jpw;F NkYk; ,yFgLj;jg;gLk;. mj;jifa Nritfis ,yq;ifapy; gpugy;ag;gLj;Jtjw;fhf njhlu;e;J %d;W tUl fhyg;gFjpf;F 100>000 I.m.nlhyiu tpQ;rpa ntspehl;L nryhtzpapid rk;ghjpf;fpd;w mj;jifa cau;njhopy; Gupeu;fspdhy; ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gLk; Nkhl;lhu; thfdq;fs; kPjhd nkhj;j tup kPJ 10 rjtPj fopg;gdT toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 34.0 jfty; njhopDl;g ifj;njhopy; tpUj;jp 34.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> murhq;fk; fle;j 8 tUlq;fspd;NghJ ,yq;ifapy; jfty; njhopDl;gj;jpid gpujhd ifj;njhopy; xd;whf Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhd eltbf;iffis vLj;Js;sJld; ,jd; %yk; 600 kpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyu; ntspehl;L nryhtzp ngwg;gl;Ls;sJld; 70>000 cau; rk;gsk; ngwf;$ba Ntiytha;;g;Gf;fs; cUthf;fg;gl;L ehL md;whl tho;f;ifapy; ,izaj; jsj;jpid gad;gLj;Jtij Nehf;fp Jupjkhf khw;wkile;J tUfpd;wJ. ,j;Jiwapy; ,yq;ifapd; Kd;Ndw;wkhdJ> 144 ehLfspy;,yq;if 68 MtJ ehlhf cyf jug;gLj;jw; Nghl;b Rl;bapd; %yk; jug;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. mLj;j %d;W tUlq;fspd;NghJ vkJ Nehf;fkhdJ ,yq;ifapid “Kjy; 30” ehLfspd; tFjpf;Fs; nfhz;L tUtJld; ntspehl;Lr; nryhtzpapid ,ul;bg;ghf;fp njhopy; tha;g;Gf;fis mjpfupg;;gjhFk;. 34.2 fy;tpj; Jiwapy; tpQ;Qhdk; kw;Wk; njhopDl;g ghlq;fis mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; njhopw;gapw;rp fy;tpapd; fPo; jpwd; tpUj;jp %ykhf Copag;gilapd; Mw;wypid mjpfupg;gjw;Fk; jftw; njhlu;ghly; njhopDl;g ifj;njhopypd; Nfs;tpapid g+u;j;jp nra;a KbAkhd tifapy; fy;tp Kiwik KOtjw;Fkhd kWrPuikg;Gfis Nkw;nfhs;tJ kpf Kf;fpakhdnjd;gij murhq;fk; czu;e;Js;sJ. njd;dhrpahtpy; jfty; njhlu;ghly; njhopDl;g ikankhd;whf `k;ghe;Njhl;ilapy; mike;Js;s jfty; njhopDl;g tiyaj;jpid mgptpUj;jp nra;;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhoptJld; JiwKfk;> tpkhd epiyak;> mjpNtfg; ghij kw;Wk; Gifapuj tiyaikg;G Nghd;w Gjpjhf cUthf;fg;gl;l cl;fl;likg;gpw;fhd %yjdkakhf;fypd; %yk; ,t;tiyaj;jpy; KjyPLfis Cf;Ftpf;f KbAk;. 34.3 ,f;ifj;njhopw;Jiwf;F NkYk; xj;Jiog;G toq;Fk; tifapy; gy; njhopw;ghl;L mr;rpae;jpuq;fs; Nghd;w jfty; njhopDl;gk; njhlu;ghd nghUl;fSf;fhd gy;NtWgl;l tup tpjpg;gdT Kuz;ghLfs; jpUj;jg;gLk;. ,wf;Fkjpj; jPu;itfis Fiwe;j tpfpjj;;jpy; xw;iw jPu;itapd; fPo; jfty; njhopDl;gk; kw;Wk; mJ njhlu;ghd nghUl;fSf;F Gjpa tUkhdg; ghJfhg;G fl;lis rpwe;j
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tFg;ghf;fj;jpid Nkw;nfhs;fpd;wJ. fzdp cjpupg;ghfq;fs; kw;Wk; nkd;nghUs; kPjhd ng.Nr.tup tpjpg;gdT njhlu;ghd jw;nghOJ fhzg;gLk; Kuz;ghLfis ePf;Ftjw;Fk; tup tpjpg;gdtpid NkYk; ,yFgLj;Jtjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Gjpa jfty; njhopDl;g nfhs;if cghaj;jpw;fikthf fpuhkg;Gwq;fspy; thrpg;G trjpfSld; $ba ednry epiyaq;fis tpupthf;Fjy; cs;slq;fyhd %d;W tUl epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lnkhd;wpid nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F &gh 1>000 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. epu;khz mDkjpg; gj;jpuq;fs; toq;Fjy;> fhzp kw;Wk; Mjdg; gjpT> KjyPl;L mq;ff P huq;fs; Nghd;w murhq;f Nritfis ,izaj;jsj;jpid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l trjpfis mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjd; %yk; khw;wpaikg;gJ ,e;j kWrPuikg;G epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; kpf Kf;fpakhd tplakhFk;. 35.0 fg;gw;nwhopy; nghUshjhuk; 35.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs>ehl;bd; fg;gw;nwhopy; njhlu;ghd Mw;wypid Nkk;gLj;Jk; Nehf;fpy; ,yq;if fg;gw;nwhopy; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpid tpupthf;Ftjw;fhf fg;gy;fis nfhs;tdT nra;Ak; eltbf;ifapy; ehk; <Lgl;Ls;Nshk;. fg;gw;nwhopy; ifj;njhopypid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F Njitahd cau;njhopy; kw;Wk; Mw;w ; y; tpUj;jpfis cWjpg;gLj;Jk; tifapy; rKj;jputpaw; fy;tpapid tpupthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. fg;gw;nwhopy; ifj;njhopypy; gapw;rp kw;Wk; cau;njhopy; mgptpUj;jp njhopw;ghLfspy; <Lgl;Ls;s cs;ehl;L kw;Wk; ntspehl;L fg;gy; Kftu;fSf;F tupr;rYifnahd;W toq;fg;gLk;. fg;gw;nwhopy; ifj;njhopypid Nkk;gLj;Jk; tifapy; mJ njhlu;ghd Nritfs; Vw;Wkjp tUkhd rk;ghj;jpaq;f ; Sf;F Vw;Gilajhd tup tpfpjq;fSf;F Vw;g 12 rjtPj tup mwtplg;gLk;. rKj;jputpaw; fy;tpAld; njhlu;ghd ghlnewpfs; kw;Wk; Mw;wy;fis tpupthf;fp gl;lq;fis toq;ff;$ba rfy trjpfisAk; nfhz;l rKj;jputpaw; gy;iyf;fofnkhd;wpid cUthf;Ftjw;F jdpahd xJf;fPnlhd;W Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. fg;gw;nwhopy; nghUshjhuj;jpid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F tu;j;jf fg;gw;nwhopy; rl;lj;jpid fhyj;jpd; Njitf;Nfw;wthW jpUj;Jtjd; %yk; tu;j;jf fg;gw;nwhopy; mjpfhu rignahd;wpid cUthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. fg;gw;nwhopy; tpahghuj;jpy; VfNghf tpiy epu;zaj;jpid jLg;gjw;fhf nfhs;fyd; ruf;Nfw;wYf;fhd ru;tNjr uPjpapy; Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l fl;lzq;fSf;F Nkyjpfkhf Vida fl;lzq;fis mwtpLtjw;F ve;jnthU fg;gw;nwhopy; epWtdKk; mDkjpf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. 2014 rdtupapypUe;J epjpr; rl;lj;jpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; jpUj;jq;fspd; %yk;Fwpj;j jilfs; tpjpf;fg;gLk;. 36.0 tpkhdg; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; Nrit 36.1 = yq;fd; tpkhd Nrit kw;Wk; kp`pd; yq;fh vd;gd INuhg;gh> Mgpupf;fh> kj;jpa fpof;F kw;Wk; Mrpa gRgpf; gpuhe;jpaq;fspd; ,lk;khwy; ikankhd;whf ,yq;ifapid khw;Wtjw;fhd tiyaikg;G tpupthf;fypid Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpd;wJ. ,uz;L ru;tNjr tpkhd epiyaq;fSk; rpwe;j cl;fl;l ; ikg;G kw;Wk; ,lmikT trjpfisAk; toq;Ffpd;wd. tpkhd guhkupg;G kw;Wk; tpkhd vupnghUs; toq;fy;> jiu ifahsy;> tpkhd ruf;F ifahsy; Nghd;w trjpfs; ,uz;L tpkhd epiyaq;fspYk; tpupthf;fg;gLtjw;F ru;tNjr tpkhdr; Nrit juhju Njitg;ghLfSf;F mikthf tpkhdr; Nrit trjpfis toq;Ftjw;F KbAkhd tifapy; ghJfhg;ghd tpkhd epiyaq;fshf khw;wg;gLk;. tpkhd Nritfs; njhlu;ghd Nritfis toq;Fjy;> tpkhd Nrit czT gupkhwy;> vupnghUs; toq;fy;> ruf;Nfw;wy;> jiu ifahsy; Nghd;w Nritfis toq;ff; $ba Gjpa epWtdnkhd;wpid xUq;fpizf;fg;gl;l tifapy; Nghl;bj;jd;ikAld;
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cUthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. tpkhd Nritfs; kw;Wk; mjDld; njhlu;ghd nraw;ghLfis ngWkjp Nru; tupf;fhf Vw;Wkjpfshf Nehf;Ftjw;Fk; tpkhdr; Nritf; ifj;njhopypid cs;ehl;Lg; nghUshjhuj;Jld; ,ize;j tifapy; Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhfTk; Njrf; fl;Lkhd tupapypUe;J tpyf;fspg;G toq;fg;gLk;. cyfg; Gfo;kpf;f ru;tNjr tpkhd Nrit epWtdq;fs; Njrpa tpkhdr; Nritf;fhd tiyaikg;G njhopw;ghLfis Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLg;gjw;F Kd;te;Js;sd. tpkhd Nritfs; Jiwapy; cau;njhopy; fy;tpapid toq;ff; $ba rfy trjpfSld; tpkhdr; Nritfs; fy;tp epiyak; cUthf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. 37.0 Njrpa tpQ;Qhd epiyak; 37.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ r%fj;jpd; Kd;Ndw;wj;jpw;fhf tpQ;Qhdf; fy;tpapid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F Njrpa tpQ;Qhd epiyankhd;wpid jhgpg;gJ mtrpak; vd czug;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;epiyaj;jpid cUthf;Ftjd; %yk; ,yq;if cau; tpQ;Qhd kd;wk;> fy;tp mikr;Rf;fs;> gy;fiyf;fofq;fs;; kw;Wk; Njrpa tpQ;Qhd kd;wk; vd;gd tpQ;Qhd kw;Wk; njhopDl;gj;jpid vt;thW vkJ kf;fSf;F kj;jpapy; mjpfupf;fr; nra;a KbAk; vd;gjidAk; mj;jifa Jiwfspy; fw;gjw;F vkJ ,isQu;fis Cf;Ftpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjid mwpe;J nfhs;s KbAk;. ,j;jpl;lk; ru;tNjr juhjuj;jpw;fikthf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;bAs;sjdhy; ,jw;fhf ntspehl;L cjtpapid ngWtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 38.0 cau;njhopy; Gupeu;fSf;fhd tPlikg;G Cf;Ftpg;Gfs; 38.1 kUj;Jt MNyhrfu;fs;> rl;l MNyhrfu;fs;> nghwpapayhsu;fs;> fl;bl fiyQu;fs;> fzf;fhsu;fs;> tpahghu epiwNtw;W juj;jpYs;stu;fs; Nghd;w cau;njhopy; Gupeu;fspd; tPlikg;G NjitahdJ efug;Gwq;fspy; mjpfupj;Js;sJld; mtu;fs; rpW FOf;fshf xd;wpize;J mtu;fsJ Njitf;F nghUj;jkhd tifapy; tPlikg;G jpl;lq;;fis cUthf;Ftjw;F Cf;fg;gLj;j Ntz;ba fhyk; te;Js;sJ. tPLfis fl;Ltjw;fhd Vw;ghLfshf khjnkhd;wpw;F &gh 50>000 tiu fld; kPs; nfhLg;gdTfis toq;Ftjw;Fk; mtw;wpid tupf; nfhLg;gdTfspd;NghJ tpNrl jifik ngWk; nfhLg;gdTfshf fUJtjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. tq;fpj;njhopy; kw;Wk; epjp epWtdq;fspd; Fwpj;j epjp trjpfSld; njhlu;ghd ,yhg tupf;F miuthrp tup tpLKiw toq;fg;gLk;. mj;jifa tPlikg;G njhFjpfSf;fhd fhzpf; nfhs;tdT kPjhd Kj;jpiuj; jPu;it 25 rjtPjj;jpdhy; Fiwf;fg;gLk;. ,e;j Cf;Ftpg;Gf;fis 7 tUl fhyj;jpw;F mKy;gLj;Jtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 39.0 ghupa nfhOk;G nts;sj; jLg;G Kd;ndLg;Gfs; 39.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs>njhluhd nts;sq;fs;> ePupy; %o;Fk; fhzpfs; kw;Wk; fhy;tha; Kiwikfs;> #oy; khriljy; kw;Wk; tjptpl fl;blq;fs;;> tpahghu epWtdq;fs; mghafukhd epiyapy; fhzg;gLfpd;wik ghupa nfhOk;G gpuNjrj;jpid nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jpf;F KO Mw;wYld; gad;gLj;Jtjpy; jilahf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,g;gpur;rpidfis jPu;g;gjw;fhd Kd;ndLg;GfSf;F xj;Jiog;G toq;FkhW gy;NtWgl;l mgptpUj;jpg; gq;fhsu;fspd; xj;Jiog;gpid murhq;fk; Vw;fdNt Ntz;bAs;sJ. ,e;epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; tbfhyikg;G Kiwik mgptpUj;jp> fhy;tha; Gduikg;G> nfhOk;G kw;Wk; mjid mz;ba kf;fs; thOk; gpuNjrq;fis Nkk;gLj;jy; vd;gd kpfTk; Jupjg;gLj;jg;gl;l tifapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. ntu]; fq;if> fS Xah kw;Wk; `kpy;ld; fhy;tha; vd;gtw;wpd; mgptpUj;jp capupay; gy;tifj;jd;ik> efu fhlhf;fk;> gwit ruzhyaq;fs;> Rw;whly; g+q;fhf;fs;> rKjha kw;Wk; rpWtu; g+q;fhf;fs;> rpwpa
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tpahghupfSf;fhd Ra njhopy; re;ij epiyaq;fs;> thfd jupg;gplq;fs; vd;gtw;wpw;F $ba ftdk; nrYj;JtJld;> ,e;j mgptpUj;jp Kd;ndLg;Gfspy; gpujhd mk;rq;fshff; fhzg;gLk;. 2014-16 eLj;juf; fhy tuT nryTj;jpl;l Ntiyr;rl;lfj;jpw;Fs; ghupa nfhOk;G gpuNjrk; nts;sq;fs; Vw;glhj Rw;whly; ghjpg;Gf;fs; vJTkw;wjhf ,Ug;gjid cWjp nra;tjw;F fhzp kPl;ly;> mgptpUj;jpf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpw;F xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;l epjpapid NkYk; mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 40.0 efuhf;fy; mgptpUj;jp epfo;;r;rpj; jpl;lk; 40.1 murhq;fj;jpd; efuhf;fy; mgptpUj;jp Kd;ndLg;Gfs; GjpanjhU Nghf;fpid Nehf;fpr; nry;fpd;wJ. ,e;j murhq;f KjyPl;L Kd;ndLg;Gfs; cyf tq;fpapypUe;J ntspehl;L epjpaspg;GfSld; cs;ehl;L epjpaspg;gpd; %yk; fz;b> gJis> FUehfy;> fhyp> ,uj;jpdGup> mEuhjGuk;> aho;g;ghzk; kw;Wk; jpUNfhzkiy Nghd;w ghupa efuq;fisAk; cs;slf;Fk; tifapy; tpupthf;fg;gLk;. njw;F mjpNtfg; ghij kw;Wk; mLj;j tUlj;jpypUe;J epu;khzg; gzpfs; Muk;gpf;fg;gltpUf;fpd;w cj;Njr tlf;F> fz;b kw;Wk; ,uj;jpdGup ngUe;njUf;fs; mUfhikapYs;s efuq;fSlDk; gy;fiyf;fofq;fs;> Nghjdh itj;jparhiyfs;> Rw;Wyh tyaq;fs;> KjyPl;L Cf;Ftpg;G tyaq;fs; kw;Wk; tpkhd epiyaq;fs; vd;gtw;Wld; ,izf;fg;gLtJld; ngUkstpyhd NritfisAk; toq;f KbAkhf ,Uf;Fk;. 40.2 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> jw;nghOJ Vwf;Fiwa 50>000 FLk;gq;fs; nfhOk;G efuj;jpy; Kiwahd tPlikg;G trjpfs; ,d;wp fhzg;gLtJld; mtw;Ws; ngUk;ghyhdit neUf;fbahd MNuhf;fpakw;w tho;f;if #oypy; tho;e;J tUfpd;wdu;. Fwpg;ghf ,t;tho;tplq;fspy; cs;s rpWtu;fs;> ngz;fs;> tNahjpgu; kw;Wk; khw;Wj; jpwdhspfs; mtu;fSf;Fupa tho;f;if #oypid ngw;wpUf;ftpy;iy. ,tu;fs; efu Copag;gilf;F cjTfpwhu;fs; vd;w tifapYk; rpwpa tpahghuq;fspy; <LgLtJld; ehl;bd; nghUshjhuj;jpw;F ngWkjpkpf;f gq;fspg;gpidAk; toq;Ffpd;wdu;. mLj;j %d;W tUlq;fSf;Fs; mj;jifa kf;fspd; efu gpur;rpidfis jPu;g;gjw;fhd ,uz;L jpl;lq;fis nraw;gLj;Jjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. KjyhtJ> nfhOk;G kw;Wk; mz;ba gpuNjrq;fspy; fhzg;gLfpd;w gytUlq;fSf;F Kd;du; epu;khzpf;fg;gl;l jw;nghOJ fhzg;gLk; tPlikg;Gj; jpl;lq;fis juKau;j;Jtjw;Fk; etPdkag;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; 2012 tuT nryTj;jpl;l Kd;ndLg;Gfis Jupjg;gLj;jy;. khspfhtj;ij kw;Wk; nrha;rhGu tPlikg;Gj; jpl;lq;fs; Vw;fdNt etPdkag;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sd. mj;jifa tPlikg;G jpl;lq;fs; midj;jpidAk; ,t;thW khw;wpaikg;gjw;F tuT nryTj;jpl;l xJf;fPl;bid &gh 1>200 kpy;ypadpypUe;J 2014 ,y; &gh 2>000 kpy;ypadhf mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Fiwe;j tUkhdk; ngWk; kf;fSf;fhf Njrpa tPlikg;G mgptpUj;jp mjpfhu rigapd; tPlikg;G epu;khz epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpid ,ul;bg;ghf;Ftjw;F &gh 500 kpy;ypaid NkYk; toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 40.3 ,uz;lhtJ> jw;nghOJ jw;fhypf tho;tplq;fspy; tho;fpd;w midj;J FLk;gq;fSf;Fk; tPLfis toq;Ftjw;F 15 ,lq;fspy; 50>000 Gjpa tPl;L myFfis epu;khzpj;jyhFk;. ,e;j efu mgptpUj;jp nrad;Kiwapy; vtUk; nfhOk;gpypUe;J kPs; FbNaw;wj;jpw;fhf efu;j;jg;glkhl;lhu;fs; vd;w cj;juthjk; toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ePu; toq;fy; kw;Wk; Jg;guNtw;ghl;L trjpfs;> efu etPdkag;gLj;jy; Kd;ndLg;G> ghupa nfhOk;G Rw;whly; ghJfhg;G Kd;ndLg;G> tl nfhOk;G – ePu; nfhOk;G `kpy;ld; fhy;tha; khw;wy; Kd;ndLg;G JiwKf
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efuk; kw;Wk; njfptis-fy;fpir fiuNahu mgptpUj;jp eltbf;iffs; Nghd;w jw;nghOJ ,lk; ngw;W tUk; mgptpUj;jp Kd;ndLg;GfSf;F vt;tpj ghjpg;Gk; Vw;glhj tifapy; xUq;fpize;j nrad;Kiwnahd;wpd; mbg;gilapy; ,e;j mgptpUj;jp cghak; nraw;gLj;jg;gLk;. ghupa nfhOk;G mgptpUj;jp Kd;ndLg;GfshdJ Mjd mgptpUj;jp> N`hl;ly;fs; kw;Wk; czTr;rhiy trjpfs;> re;ijj; njhFjpfs;> Nghf;Ftuj;J> epjp kw;Wk; nghUs; toq;fy; ifj;njhopy;fs; kw;Wk; rpwpa> eLj;ju njhopy; Kaw;rpfSf;fhd Gjpa tpahghuq;fs; vd;gtw;wpy; jdpahu; KjyPLfis Cf;Ftpf;fr; nra;Ak;. ,k;Kd;ndLg;Gfspd; %yk; epu;khzf; ifj;njhopy;fSld; njhlu;ghd fl;bl nghUl;fs; jahupg;G kw;Wk; Nrit nraw;ghLfspy; <LgLfpd;w cs;ehl;L epu;khzf; fk;gdpfspd; %yk; nraw;gLj;jg;gLtjw;F vjpu;ghu;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJld; mLj;j %d;;W tUlq;fspd;NghJ mtu;fsJ KjyPLfis tpupthf;Ftjw;fhd re;ju;g;gj;jpidAk; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;Fk; mNjNtis> vkJ kf;fspd; tUkhdj;ij mjpfupg;gJld; njhopy;tha;g;Gf;fisAk; Vw;gLj;Jk;. 41.0 ngUe;Njhl;l tPlikg;G 41.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> 2005 ,ypUe;J vkJ murhq;fk; ngUe;Njhl;lj; njhopyhsu;fis gpd;jq;fpa r%fnkhd;whf tpl;L tpltpy;iy. ,Jtiu vLf;fg;gl;l eltbf;iffSf;F mikthf mtu;fsJ mbg;gil Rfhjhu kw;Wk; fy;tp Fwpfhl;bfs; midj;Jk; Kd;Ndw;wkile;Js;sd. gpwg;gpd;NghJ jha; ,wg;G tpfpjk; 1>000 gpwg;GfSf;F 2 Mf tPo;r;rpaile;Js;sJld; ghlrhiyf;F nry;yhjtu;fspd; tpfpjk; 8.8 rjtPjkhf tPo;r;rpaile;Js;sJ. rpWtu;fSf;fhd jLg;G kUe;Njw;wy; tpfpjk; ngUk;ghYk; 100 rjtPjj;jpid vl;bAs;sJ. mtu;fsJ tPlikg;G kw;Wk; Jg;guNtw;ghl;L trjpfspid juKau;j;Jjy; mtu;fsJ tho;f;ifj; juj;jpid epahakhdsT Kd;Ndw;wkilar; nra;Js;sJ. ,e;j tifapy; ngUe;Njhl;lj; JiwapYs;s juk; Fiwe;j tPLfis khw;wPL nra;tjw;fhf 50>000 myFfisf; nfhz;l tPl;Lj;njhFjpfis epu;khzpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,e;j tPLfspd; epu;khzk; Jg;guNtw;ghL kw;Wk; Vida trjpfSld; Njitahd nghwpapay; Nkw;ghu;itAld; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. efu tPlikg;G njhFjpfs; kw;Wk; Njhl;lj;Jiw tPlikg;Gf;fhf efu mgptpUj;jp mjpfhu rigapdhy; epu;khzpg;gjw;fhf 750 kpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyu; ePz;lfhy ru;tNjr Kwpapid murhq;f cj;juthjnkhd;wpd; %yk; tpepNahfpg;gjw;Fk; gy;NtWgl;l mgptpUj;jpj; jpl;lq;fSf;F Njitahd kWjug;G epjpNaw;ghlhf murhq;fj;jpw;F NkYk; 750 kpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyiuAk; tpepNahfpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 42.0 1>000 fpuhk ,izg;G epfo;;r;rpj; jpl;lk; 42.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> ,e;j murhq;fj;jpd; ghij mgptpUj;jp Kd;ndLg;Gfs; midj;J gpujhd efuq;fisAk;> tpkhd epiyaq;fs;> JiwKfq;fs; kw;Wk; vkJ nghUshjhuj;jpid> KO cyfj;ijAk; ,izg;gdthf fhzg;gLfpd;wd. xd;NwhL xd;W njhlu;Ggl;l Njrk; xd;wpid cUthf;Ftjw;F vkJ fpuhkq;fs; midj;Jk; ,izf;fg;gLk; tifapy; vQ;rpAs;s ,ilntspfis epug;Gtjw;F vkJ ghij tiyaikg;Gfis tpupthf;FtJ mtrpakhFk;. ghlrhiyfs;> itj;jparhiyfs; kw;Wk; murhq;f jdpahu; Nrit epiyaq;fs; vd;gd Kiwahd Nghf;Ftuj;jpd; %yk; ,izf;fg;gl;lhy; khj;jpuNk vkJ gue;J tpupe;j ghij tiyaikg;gpd; %yk; kf;fs; ed;ikaila KbAk;. vdNt Njrpa ghij tiyaikg;G khfhzq;fs; kw;Wk; gpuNjr rig ghijfs;> ngUk; vz;zpf;ifapyhd kf;fs;
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rdj;njhifapidf; nfhz;l 1>000 fpuhkq;fSld; ,izg;gpid Vw;gLj;jf; $ba Cl;lw; ghijfs; cs;slq;fyhf ,izf;fg;gLtjw;F Mrpa mgptpUj;jp tq;fpaplkpUe;J 1>200 kpy;ypad; I.m.nlhyu; fld; trjp ngwg;gl;Ls;sJ. Mff; Fiwe;jJ 200>000 FLk;gq;fSld; ,izg;gpid Vw;gLj;Jk; tifapy; Cl;lw; ghijfs; mj;jifa tPjpfSld; ,izf;fg;gLtij tPjp mgptpUj;jp mjpfhu rig cWjpg;gLj;;Jk;. 43.0 epjpf; fk;gdpfs; kw;Wk; tq;fpfis cWjpg;gLj;jy; 43.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> ntspehl;L xJf;Ffis Kfhik nra;jy;> gy;NtWgl;l epjpfs;> gz tpepNahfk; kw;Wk; tq;fpfs;> epjp epWtdq;fspd; Nkw;ghu;it Nghd;wtw;wpy; ,yq;if kj;jpa tq;fpapd; nrayhw;Wif fle;j tUlq;fspy; kpfTk; Kd;Djhuzkpf;fjhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,yq;if kj;jpa tq;fpapd; nghWg;Gf;fs; kw;Wk; nghUshjhuj;jpy; eilKiwg; Nghf;F vd;gtw;wpidf; ftdj;jpw; nfhz;L mjd; %yjdj;jpid &gh 50 gpy;ypadhf mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. jw;nghOJ vkJ ehl;by; 58 epjpf; fk;gdpfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. mtw;Ws; 20 khj;jpuNk &gh 20 gpy;ypaDf;F Nkw;gl;l Mjdj;jpid nfhz;Ls;sd. rpy epWtdq;fs; tq;fpfSf;F nrhe;jkhdit. vdNt gpujhd fk;gdpnahd;wpd; Jizf; fk;gdpnahd;whf nraw;gLk; VNjDk; epjpf; fk;gdp mtw;wpdJ njhopw;ghLfis xUq;fpizf;Fk; tifapy; gpujhd fk;gdpapdhy; cs;thq;fg;gLtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. epjpf; fk;gdpfisf; nfhz;l tq;fpfs; mtw;wpid cWjpg;gLj;Jk; tifapy; F&g; fk;gdpfshf cs;thq;Ftjd; %yk; mtw;wpdJ njhopw;ghLfis xUq;fpizg;gjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,k;Kd;ndLg;gpw;F xj;Jiog;G toq;Fk; tifapy; VNjDk; epjpf; fk;gdpapid cs;;thq;Ffpd;w tq;fpfs; my;yJ fk;gdpfspd; mj;jifa cs;thq;fy; nrytpdq;fSf;F jifik ngWk; nfhLg;gdT me;j];jpid toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. epjpj;Jiwapid cWjpg;gLj;Jk; gFjpnahd;whf mgptpUj;jp tq;fpfis xd;wpizg;gjw;F Kd;nkhoptJld; tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; thbf;ifahsu;fSf;F trjpaspg;gjw;F fld; jfty; gzpafj;jpid NkYk; Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 44.0 gLfld; kw;Wk;; gq;Fr; re;ij 44.1 vkJ ehl;by; gLfld; kw;Wk; gq;Fr; re;ijapid Kd;Ndw;Wtjw;Fk; re;ij trjpfis mjpfupg;gjw;Fk; 2013 tuT nryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; gy;NtW Kd;ndLg;Gfis ehd; mwpKfg;gLj;jpNdd;. ,jidj; njhlu;e;J re;ijfs; xUq;fpizf;fg;gl;lJld; kpfTk; cWjpahf tpupthf;fg;gl;ld. re;ij %yjdkakhf;fYk; nkh.c.cw;gj;jpapy; Vwf;Fiwa 30 rjtPjkhf mjpfupf;fg;gl;lJ. gy fk;gdpfs; mtw;wpdJ gq;FfisAk; gLfld;fisAk; gl;baypl Muk;gpj;Js;sJld; mit tsu;r;rp mile;Js;sd. tq;fpj;njhopy;> epjp> fhg;GWjp kw;Wk; jahupg;Gr; nraw;ghLfspy; <Lgl;Ls;s tpahghu njhopy; Kaw;rpfSf;fhd Cf;Ftpg;Gfshf jw;nghOJ fhzg;gLk; 28 rjtPj cau; ,yhg tupapid 2014 ,y; nfhOk;G gq;Fguptu;j;jidapy; jkJ gq;Ffis gl;baypltpUf;fpd;w mj;jifa VNjDk; fk;gdpf;F %d;W tUl fhyg;gFjpf;F tup tpLKiwapid miuthrpahf toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 45.0 rl;l kw;Wk; ePjpj;Jiw kWrPuikg;G 45.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> Kd;Ndw;wkile;j ehLfisg; Nghd;W vkJ nrhe;j rl;lq;fs; kw;Wk; elgb Kiwfs; mNjNghd;W Jizr; rl;lq;fspdhy; vkJ ehL rpwe;j murpayikg;G kw;Wk; rl;l Ntiyr;rl;lfnkhd;wpid nfhz;Ls;sJ. nghUshjhuk; kw;Wk; r%f Nkk;ghLfspd; eyDf;fhf mj;jifa rl;l Vw;ghLfs;
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nraw;gLj;jg;gLkhapd;> ePjpkd;w elgb Kiwfs;> mwpf;iffis ghJfhj;jy;> Kfhik nra;jy; vd;gtw;wpy; njhopDl;gk; kw;Wk; Vida etPd trjpfisg; gpd;gw;WtJ nghUj;jkhf ,Uf;Fk;. mNjNghd;W ePjpKiw mYtyu;fspd; njhopy; vz;zf; fUf;fs; kw;Wk; cau;njhopy; juhjuq;fis mgptpUj;jp nra;tJ Kf;fpakhd tplakhFk;. ,e;j eltbf;iffspd; %yk; rl;l kh mjpgu; jpizf;fsk;> rl;l tiueu; jpizf;fsk;> murhq;f epWtdq;fspYs;s rl;l gpupTfs;> rl;l cjtp Mizf;FO> kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO kw;Wk; ,yQ;rk; my;yJ Coy;fs; gw;wpa rhj;Jjy;fis tprhuiz nra;tjw;fhd Mizf;FO vd;gtw;wpd; njhopw;ghLfis epUthf Kiwiknahd;wpd; %yk; xOq;FgLj;JtJ mtrpakhFk;. rl;lk; kw;Wk; xOq;F mNjNghd;W njhlu;Gila Vida epWtdq;fspd; ek;gfj;jd;ik kw;Wk; nfsutj;jpid Nkk;gLj;JtJ mtrpakhdjhFk;. 45.2 ,g;gpd;dzpapy;> ,j;Jiwapid etPdkag;;gLj;Jtjw;F rl;lk; kw;Wk; ePjpj;Jiw kWrPuikg;G Kd;ndLg;Gfis Ie;J tUl fhyj;jpw;F nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. rl;l jhkjq;fis Fiwg;gjw;Fk; kf;fspd; nfhLf;fy;thq;fy; nryTfis Fiwg;gjw;Fkhf ePjpkd;wq;fspd; elgb Kiwfis juKau;j;Jtjw;F ehk; vz;zpAs;Nshk;. ru;tNjr eLj;jPug ; ;G epiyaj;jpid nfhOk;gpy; cUthf;Ftjw;Fk; tpahghu gpzf;FfSf;F cldbahd jPu;Tfis toq;Ftjw;Fk; rl;l jhkjq;fspd; fhuzkhf murhq;fj;jpw;F fpilf;f Ntz;ba tUkhdk; fpilf;fhky; NghfhjpUg;gij cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; cau;e;j ngWkjpAila tup kw;Wk; epjp tplaq;fis ifahs;tjw;fhd tpNrl ePjpkd;wq;fis cUthf;Ftjw;Fk; kWrPuikg;G Kd;ndLg;Gfis nraw;gLj;Jtjw;Fkhf cyf tq;fpapypUe;J cjtp Nfhug;gl;Ls;sJ. ePjpr; Nritfspd; cau;njhopy; ftu;r;rpapid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhd eltbf;ifahf ePjpgjpfspd; Ms;rhu; nfhLg;gdtpid NkYk; 8 rjtPjj;jpdhy; mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 46.0 MSif ,yFgLj;jiy Nehf;fp 46.1 fs kl;lj;jpy; elhj;jg;gl;l Njrj;jpw;F kFlk; elkhLk; NritfspypUe;J fz;lwpag;gl;l gpujhd tplak; ahnjdpy;> mur fhzpfs; fl;lisr; rl;lk;>fkj;njhopy;; mgptpUj;jpr; rl;lk;> td rPtuhrpfs; fl;lisr; rl;l ; k;> Efu;Nthu; ghJfhg;G mjpfhur; rigr; rl;lk;> Nkhl;lhu; Nghf;Ftuj;J rl;lk; vd;gtw;Wld; njhlu;ghd jw;nghOJ fhzg;gLk; xOq;Ftpjpfs; kf;fspdhy; md;whlk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; rhjhuz nfhLf;fy;thq;fy; tplaq;fspy; epahakhdsT gpur;rpidfis Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F fhuzkhf mike;Js;sd. ,J murhq;f Copau;fspd; tpidj;jpwd;kpf;f nrayhw;WifapYk; rpyNghJ Kuz;ghLfisAk; rpf;fy;fisAk; Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. kf;fspdhy; md;whlk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; nfhLf;fy;thq;fy;fis fpukkhf Nkw;nfhs;Sk; tifapy; ,e;j xOq;Ftpjpfis ,yFgLj;Jtjw;F mikr;ruit cg FOnthd;wpid epakpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. murhq;fj;jpd; epjp Vw;ghLfis xOq;FgLj;Jtjw;fhd Gjpa xOq;Ftpjpfs; kpf tpiutpy; ntspaplg;glTs;sd. 47.0 nghyp]; Nritapid cWjpg;gLj;jy; 47.1 rl;lk; kw;Wk; xOq;fpid nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F cau;njhopy; jifik ngw;w nghyp]; Nritnahd;W mtrpakhFk;.Nkhl;;lhu; thfdq;fspd; mjpfupg;G>ngUfp tUk; Fw;wr; nray;fs;> tup kw;Wk; epjp Nkhrbfs;> rl;l uPjpaw;w kJghdk; kw;Wk; Nghijg;nghUs; tpahghuk; vd;gtw;wpd; mjpfupg;G mj;Jld; tlf;fpy; rptpy; ghJfhg;G nghWg;Gf;fis gbg;gbahf ifNaw;wy; vd;gd fhuzkhf nghyp]; Nritapd; nghWg;Gf;fs; mjpfupj;Js;sd. mtu;fsJ rk;gsq;fs;> Nritf;
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Fwpg;gPl;Lf; nfhLg;gdTfs; vd;gd 20 tUlq;fshf mjpfupf;fg;glhjpUe;J 2013 ,y; mjpfupf;fg;gl;lJ. Nkhl;lhu; Nghf;Ftuj;J nghyp]; Nritapid NkYk; tpidj;;jpwDld; gad;tYkpf;fjhf cUthf;Ftjw;F njhopDl;g cgfuzq;fs; kw;Wk; elkhLk; thfdq;fspid toq;Ftjw;fhd Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sd. nghyp]; mYtyu;fis cau;njhopy; juhjuj;Jld; gapw;rp mspg;gjw;Fk; jpwd; tpUj;jpf;Fkhf Njrpa nghyp]; mflkpapid rfy trjpfSld; tpupthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. nfhOk;gpy; gzpahw;Wfpd;w nghyp]; mYtyu;fspd; tPlikg;G gpur;rpidfis jPu;g;gjw;fhf ghupa nfhOk;Gg; gpuNjrj;jpy; %d;W Gjpa tPlikg;G njhFjpfis cUthf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 48.0 kf;fs; gpujpepjpfspd; Kd;nkhopTfs; 48.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> gpujpaikr;ru;fs; kw;Wk; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fSld; ,lk;ngw;w tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpw;F Kd;duhd MNyhridf; $l;lq;fspy; mtu;fsJ Nju;jy; njhFjpfspy; fhzg;gLfpd;w gpur;rpidfSf;F Kd;Dupik toq;f KbAkhftpUe;jJ. mtu;fsJ Kd;nkhopTfspy; rpwpa ePu;g;ghrdf; fUj;jpl;lq;fs;> tptrhag; ghijfs;> td tpyq;FfspypUe;J ghJfhg;gjw;fhd jpl;lq;fs;> fpuhkpag; ghlrhiyfspd; fl;blq;fs; kw;Wk; Jg;guNtw;ghl;L Njitg;ghLfs;> ngUe;Njhl;l ; kw;Wk; gpd;jq;fpa gpuNjrq;fspy; ghijfs;> re;ijfs;> kPd;gpbj; JiwKfq;fs;; kw;Wk; eq;$u jsq;fis cUthf;Fjy;> fsg;Gfis Gduikj;jy;> kahd trjpfis Nkk;gLj;jy; vd;gd Kf;fpa tplaq;fshff; fhzg;gl;ld. ,f;fUj;jpl;lq;fis Kd;Dupikfspd; mbg;gilapy; Fwpj;j gpuNjrq;fspy; eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;F ehL KOtjpYk; Vw;fdNt mKy;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s gy;NtW mgptpUj;jp fUj;jpl;lq;fSf;F mjp $ba ngWkjpapid Nru;f;f KbAnkd ehd; ek;GfpNwd;. tpNrl nrayzp xd;wpd; Nkw;ghu;itapd; fPo; rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju tpNrl mgptpUj;jpf; fUj;jpl;lq;fis nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F &gh 4>000 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 49.0 Mrpa ,isQu; tpisahl;L epfo;Tfs; – 2017 49.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> 2017 ,y; vkJ ehL %d;whtJ Mrpa ,isQu; tpisahl;L epfo;Tfis `k;ghe;Njhl;ilapy; elhj;Jtjw;fhd re;ju;g;gj;jpidg; ngw;Ws;sJ. ,J Vwf;Fiwa 45 ehLfisr; Nru;e;j 5>000 tpisahl;L tPuu;fis xNu jiyg;gpd; fPo; xd;W jpul;;Ltjw;fhd gy;tifg;gl;l tpisahl;L epfo;Tfisf; nfhz;l ru;tNjr epfo;nthd;whFk;. ,e;j ru;tNjr epfo;Tf;F ,yq;ifapy; vy;yhg; ghfq;fspYKs;s vkJ ,isQu;fis jpul;Ltjw;F ehd; vz;zpAs;sJld; ,jd; %yk; vkJ Njrpa ey;ypzf;f Kaw;rpfspid NkYk; mjpfupf;fr; nra;a KbAk;. vdNt vkJ ghlrhiy khztu;fs;> tpisahl;L tPuu;fs;> ,isQu;fs; kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lf; fofq;fis ehL KOtjpYk; Vw;fdNt cUthf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;w tpisahl;L njhlu;ghd cl;fl;likg;G trjpfisg; gad;gLj;jp ,e;j gy;tif tpisahl;L epfo;tpy; gq;F nfhs;sr; nra;tjw;fhd jahu;gLj;jiy Muk;gpg;gjw;fhf 2014 ,y; &gh 500 kpy;ypaid toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ru;tNjr tpisahl;L epWtdq;fs; mtu;fsJ jiyikafq;fs; my;yJ gpuhe;jpa mYtyfq;fis ,yq;ifapy; ,lk; khw;Wtjid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf tup kw;Wk; Vida Cf;Ftpg;Gf; nfhLg;gdTfis toq;Ftjw;F ehd; NkYk; Kd;nkhopfpNwd;. 50.0 ,isQu; tYt+l;Lif 50.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ ,isQu;fSf;F kj;jpapy; FO Ntiy> xUq;fpize;j nraw;ghl;Lg; gz;Gfis Vw;gLj;JtJld; Ra ek;gpf;if
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fl;bnaOg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. r%fg; ngWkhdq;fSld; $ba jiyikj;Jt gz;Gfs; kw;Wk; czu;jpwd; vd;gd tpijf;fg;gl Ntz;bAs;sJ. gy;fiyf;fofq;fs;> Njrpa ,isQu; gil> kw;Wk; Njrpa ,isQu; Nritfs; kd;wj;jpd; jiyikj;Jt gapw;rp Kd;ndLg;Gfs; ntw;wpfukhd tpisTfis fhl;bAs;sd. ,isQu; ghuhSkd;wk; [dehaf ngWkhdq;fSld; $ba jiyikj;Jt Mw;wy;fis ,isQu;fSf;F kj;jpapy; cUthf;Ftjw;F cjTfpd;wJ. 2013 nghJeytha jiytu;fspd; khehl;L $l;lj;jpd; ,isQu; kd;wj;jpy; vkJ ,isQu;fs; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f gq;Fgw;Wjypid toq;fpdu;. vdNt ,isQu; epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fSf;fhf &gh 150 kpy;ypadhf xJf;fPl;bid mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 2014 ,y; `k;ghe;Njhl;ilapy; eilngwTs;s If;fpa ehLfs; cyf ,isQu; khehL ,yq;if ,isQu;fspd; tpaf;fj;jf;f Mw;wy;fis vLj;;Jf; fhl;Ltjw;fhd tha;g;nghd;wpid Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. ,e;j ,isQu; kd;wj;jpy; vkJ ,isQu;fspd; gq;Fgw;Wjypid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhd tpNrl epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fis nraw;gLj;Jtjw;fhf &gh 250 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 51.0 murhq;f Copau;fs; 51.1 murhq;f Copau;fspd; rk;gs fl;likg;G 1 ,ypUe;J 4 vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; 2006 ,y; mjpfupf;fg;gl;lJ. mjd; gpd;du; mtu;fsJ Cjpaj;jpid tUle;NjhWk; mjpfupg;gjw;F tho;f;ifr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdT kw;Wk; Vida nfhLg;gdTfs;; midj;J murhq;f Copau;fSf;F toq;fg;gl;ld. gy;NtWgl;l rk;gs Kuz;ghLfs; jpUj;jg;gl;lJld; epYitfSk; nrYj;jg;gl;ld. gjtp ntw;wplq;fs; epug;gg;gl;lJld; murhq;f Nrit toq;fypid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf Gjpa Ml;Nru;g;Gf;fSk; nra;ag;gl;ld. 51.2 jdpahu; Jiw kw;Wk; murhq;fj;Jiw vd;gtw;wpw;fpilapy; ntt;Ntwhd Njrpa rk;gsf; nfhs;ifnahd;wpid cUthf;Ftjw;Fk; mNjNghd;W mur njhopy;Kaw;rpfSk; murhq;f NritfSk; tpupthf;fg;gLtjw;fhd mtru Njitnahd;W fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. rpy murhq;f epWtdq;fs; mNjNghd;W jdpahu; njhopy; Kaw;rpfspd; rk;gsq;fs; njhlu;ghd $l;L cld;gbf;iffs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. Xa;t+jpa Nritfs; mNjNghd;W Copau; Nrkyhg epjpaq;fSk; tpupthf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Vw;fdNt gq;fspg;G Xa;t+jpa jpl;lnkhd;wpid ehd; Kd;nkhope;jNghJk; rpyu; mjid vjpu;j;jjdhy; nraw;gLj;jg;gl Kbahky; NghdJ. jw;nghOJ toq;fg;gLk; nfhLg;gdTfis rk;gs fl;likg;Gld; Nru;f;FkhW rpy murhq;f Copau;fsplkpUe;J Ntz;LNfhs;fs; tpLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,J Xa;t+jpak; ngWeu;fSf;fpilapy; Kuz;ghLfis Njhw;Wtpf;Fk;. mLj;j rpy tUlq;fSf;fhd Gjpa rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdTf; fl;likg;gpid ehk; gpd;gw;Wtjw;F Kd;du; Nkw;Fwpj;j tplaq;fs; midj;Jk; kpfTk; ftdkhf guprPypf;fg;gl Ntz;bAs;sd. ,t;tplaq;fs; midj;jpidAk; Muha;;e;J murhq;f NritfSf;fhd Gjpa rk;gsf; fl;likg;nghd;wpid cUthf;Ftjw;F ehd; rk;gs Mizf;FO xd;wpid epakpj;Js;Nsd;. mg;gupe;Jiufs; fpilf;fg; ngw;wJld; cldbahf mtw;wpid nraw;gLj;j KbAnkd ehd; ek;Gfpd;Nwd;. 51.3 vt;thwhapDk;> vdJ Kd;ida tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lthW 2014 rdtupapypUe;J midj;J murhq;f Copau;fSf;Fk; tho;f;ifr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdit khjnkhd;wpw;F &gh 1>200 Mf mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. 2006 ,w;F Kd;du; ,isg;ghwpa Xa;t+jpak; ngWeu;fSf;F &gh 600 MfTk; Vidatu;fSf;F &gh 400 MfTk; tho;f;ifr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdtpid mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; NkYk; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Copau;fspd;
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rk;gsq;fis tho;f;ifr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdTfSf;F mikthf jpUj;jhj jdpahu; Jiw njhopy;toq;Feu;fs;> mtu;fsJ Copau;fspd; rk;gsq;fis nghUj;jkhd tifapy; mjpfupg;gjw;F ehd; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLf;fpd;Nwd;. 52.0 KbTiu 52.1 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ ehL Mrpag; gpuhe;jpaj;jpy; cWjpahd eLj;ju tUkhdk; ngWk; nghUshjhukhf tsu;e;J tUfpd;wJ vd;w tifapy; jw;nghOJ rPuhd Xuplj;jpid mile;Js;sJ. ghJfhg;G> rkhjhdk; kw;Wk; rdehafj;jpd; cWjpahd tsu;r;rp Mr;rupag;;glf; $bajhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. cl;fl;likg;Gfspy; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l Jupj khw;wkhdJ KjyPl;bid Cf;Ftpf;ff; $badthff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. vkJ ehl;bd; ftu;r;rpahdJ> vkJ Gjpa guk;giuapdu; fy;tp kw;Wk; Mw;wy; tpUj;jp vd;gtw;wpy; fhl;b tUfpd;w ehl;Lg;gw;wpd; %yKk; tpQ;Qhdk;> njhopDl;gk; kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp mbg;gilapyhd cw;gj;jpfis Nehf;fpa khw;wk; vd;gtw;wpd; %yKk; NkYk; mjpfupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. kpfr; rpwe;j Kiwapy; ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;s gpuhe;jpa tsu;r;rpahdJ>tptrhak; kw;Wk; ePu;g;ghrdk; vd;gtw;wpd; %yk; jd;dpiwtile;j tptrhag; nghUshjhukhf tsu;r;rpaile;Js;sJld; czTg; ghJfhg;G cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLk; mNjNtis> vkJ kf;fSf;fhd tho;thjhu re;ju;g;gq;fSk; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,jd; tpisthf r%f kw;Wk; nghUshjhu mePjpahd tWik vkJ ehl;by; kpf tpiuthf ,y;yhnjhopf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. 52.2 vkJ Fiwe;j kw;Wk; eLj;ju tUkhd kf;fspdJ tsu;e;J tUk; ek;gpf;iffisAk; ,yf;FfisAk; epiwNtw;Wk;; tifapy; nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jpfis Jupjg;gLj;jg;gLj;j Ntz;ba gzp jw;nghOJ vk;Kd; cs;sJ. ,e;j mgptpUj;jp nrad;Kiwapy; mtu;fsJ vjpu;ghu;f;iffs; rpwe;j MNuhf;fpak; kw;Wk; fy;tpapd;ghy; khw;wg;gLk;. rpwe;j juhjukpf;f tPlikg;G kw;Wk; MNuhf;fpa tho;T vd;gd mtu;fsJ ,yf;fhff; fhzg;gLk;. vkJ fpuhkpa tptrhapfSf;F ePu;g;ghrdk;> Nghf;Ftuj;J trjpfspd; Njit fhzg;gLtJld; mtu;fsJ gz;iz cw;gj;jpfSf;fhd rpwe;j re;ijfSld; $ba ngWkjp njhlnuhd;wpid gue;jstpyhd efu> fpuhkpa xUq;fpizg;gpd; %yk; Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLk;. vkJ efu Copag;gilf;fhf nfsutkhd tho;f;ifr; #oypid toq;Ftjw;F ,aYkhd tifapy; efu FbapUg;Gfs; kw;Wk; Nghf;Ftuj;J trjpfis mgptpUj;jp nra;tJ mtrpakhFk;. khw;Wj; jpwdhspfs; njhlu;ghd fuprid kw;Wk; Ngh\hf;F FiwghL vd;gtw;wpw;F Kd;Dupik mtjhdk; toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 52.3 jw;nghOJ ehk;te;jile;jpUf;fpd;w milthdJ vkJ kf;fspd; vjpu;ghu;f;iffis epiwNtw;Wtjw;F Kd;Ndhf;fpa efu;Tf;F tha;g;ghf mikAnkd ehd; ek;Gfpd;Nwd;. vdNt jhd; ,e;j tha;g;gpid ehk; gpd;js;shJ vkJ vjpu;fhy re;jjpapdupd; rpwe;j vjpu;fhyj;jpid cUthf;Ftjw;fhf mjid gad;gLj;JfpNwhk;. ehk; gaq;futhjj;jpid mbNahL ,y;yhnjhopj;Js;sJld;> mjw;Fg; gpd;du; vkJ giltPuu;fs; ,Ug;gjid ehk; epidt+l;Lfpd;Nwhk;. rkhjhdk; kw;Wk; Njrpa ey;ypzf;fj;jpid Nkk;gLj;Jtjpy; gpujhd jilfs; fhzg;gLtJld; ru;tNjr xj;Jiog;G cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;sJ. ,e;j jilfis kpifj;J vjpu;fhy rthy;fis ntw;wp nfhs;tJ vkJ Njrpag; nghWg;GilikahFk;. vdNt Njrpa xUikg;ghl;bid cUthf;Ftjd; %yk; r%f kw;Wk; nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jpapid Nehf;fp xd;wpize;J nraw;gLtjw;F vkJvjpu;fhy re;jjpapdupd; rhu;ghf cq;fs; midtUf;Fk; miog;G tpLf;fpd;Nwd;.

33

52.4 nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> murpiw Kfhikj;Jt (nghWg;Gr;) rl;lj;jpd; epajpfSf;fikthf Njitg;gLj;jg;gl;l tUkhd kw;Wk; nrytpd Kd;nkhopTfs; gw;wpa midj;J tpguq;fisAk; njhlu;Gila mwpf;iffisAk; ,q;F ehd; rku;g;gpf;fpd;Nwd;.,e;j tuT nryTj;jpl;lk; njhlu;ghd Mf;f g+u;tkhd tpthjj;jpy; <LgLtjw;Fk; ghuhSkd;wj;jpd; mq;ff P huj;jpid toq;Ftjw;Fk; nfsut ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fSf;F ehd; miog;G tpLf;fpd;Nwd;.

Kk;kzpfspdJk; Mrpu;thjk; fpilf;fl;Lk;!

34

tuT nryTj;jpl;l ciu 2014

njhopy;El;gf; Fwpg;Gfs; kw;Wk; mjDld; ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLk; mwpf;iffs; kw;Wk; Mtzq;fs;

35

mwpf;iffs; kw;Wk; Mtzq;fspd; gl;bay;
mwpf;iffs;

1. murpiw Kfhikj;Jt mwpf;if 2014 epjpj; jpl;lkply; mikr;R (murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsk;) 2. tuT nryTj;jpl;l kjpg;gPLfs; (njhFjp 1>2>3) 2014 epjpj; jpl;lkply; mikr;R (Njrpa tuT nryTj;jpl;lj; jpizf;fsk;) 3. mgptpUj;jpia Nehf;fpa cyfshtpa gq;fspg;G epjp jpl;lkply; mikr;R (ntspehl;L tsq;fs; jpizf;fsk;) 4. mz;ikf;fhs nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jpfs; : 2013,d; NkNyhl;lf; Fwpg;Gk; 2014,d; vjpHghHf;if mwpf;if - ,yq;if kj;jpa tq;fp 5. mgptpUj;jp nraw;ghl;lwpf;if – el;lhz;L kPs;Nehf;F 2013 – epjpj; jpl;lkply; (fUj;jpl;l Kfhikj;Jtk; kw;Wk; fz;fhzpg;Gj; jpizf;fsk;) - ,izaj;jsj;jpy; 6. epWj;j Kbah ,yq;if – 2020 – mur KjyPl;L cghakhHf;fk; 2014 -2016 (Mq;fpyj;jpy; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl;lJ) njhopy;El;g tpsf;fq;fs; 7. Gs;sptpgu ml;ltizfs; (murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsk; kw;Wk; Njrpa tuT nryTj;jpl;lj; jpizf;fsk; i. nrytpd Kd;nkhopTfs; jhf;fk; - 2014 (ml;ltiz 1) ii. tUkhd Kd;nkhopTfspd; jhf;fk; - 2014 (ml;ltiz 11) iii. nkhj;jf; fld; ngWifj; Njitg;ghLfs; (fzf;fPl;Lf; nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;fSf;fhd Vw;ghLfs;) (ml;ltiz 111) iv. tuT nryTj;jpl;l tpisT 2013 – 2014 (nghUshjhu tbtpy;) (ml;ltiz iv) 8. tuT nryTj;jpl;l Kd;nkhopTf;fhd njhopy;El;gf; Fwpg;Gfs; epjpj; jpl;lkply; mikr;R (murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsk;) (,izg;G 1) 1. tUkhd thp – 2006Mk; Mz;L 10Mk; ,yf;f cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj; jpUj;jq;fs; 2. ngWkjp NrH thp - 2002Mk; Mz;L 14Mk; ,yf;f ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lj; jpUj;jq;fs; 3. Njrf; fl;Lkhd thp - 2009Mk; Mz;L 9Mk; ,yf;f Njrf; fl;Lkhd thpr; rl;lj; jpUj;jq;fs; 4. caH njhopy; Nritj; Jiwf;fhd tpNrl rYiffs; 5. nr]; thp 6. Rq;fj; jPHit 7. tpNrl EfHTg; nghUl;fs; mwtPL 8. Rje;jpu tHj;jf xg;ge;jq;fspd; fPohd jPHitf; Fiwg;Gfs; 9. KjyPl;Lr; rig mq;fPfhuj;jpw;Fl;gl;l jpl;lq;fSf;fhd kiwg; gl;bay; 10. cgNahfpf;fg;gl;l Nkhl;lhH thfdq;fSf;fhd Nja;khd ml;ltiz 11. 2011Mk; Mz;L 18k; ,yf;f JiwKf kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPl;Lr; rl;lk; 12. 1989Mk; Mz;L 13k; ,yf;f kJthpr; (tpNrl Vw;ghLfs;) rl;lk; 13. 2011Mk; Mz;L 21k; ,yf;f njhiynjhlHG mwtPl;Lr; rl;lk; 14. thpr; Nrfhpg;G kw;Wk; thp epHthf Nkk;ghl;L eltbf;iffs; 15. fhg;GWjpf; ifj;njhopw;Jiw 16. njhopy;El;gj; jtWfisj; jpUj;Jjy; 17. Kd;nkhopTfspd; gad;tYj; jpfjpfs;

36

ml;ltiz I:nrytpd Kd;nkhopTfs; - 2014 jpiwNrup nrytpd jiyg;Gfspd; fPo; xJf;fPLfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLtjw;F

&gh kpy;.
Kd;nkhopTfs; Njrpa rKjha ePu; toq;fy; jpizf;fsj;jpid jhgpj;jYk; mJ 1 njhlu;ghd mgptpUj;jp gzpfSk; ,yq;if Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; rigapd; tUkhd ,og;Gf;F Vw;ghL nra;jy; 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 ckh Xah> nkhwf`fe;ij kw;Wk; ahd; Xah ePu;g;ghrdj; jpl;lq;fspd; Jupjg;gLj;jg;gl;l mgptpUj;jp cau;ju tpij kw;Wk; ehw;Wg; nghUl;fspd; mgptpUj;jp tptrha Nrit epiyq;fspid etPdkag;gLj;jy; rpwpa ePu;g;ghrdj; jpl;lq;fs;> iftplg;gl;l new; fhzpfis mgptpUj;jp nra;jy; tptrha fs mYtyu;fSf;fhd Cf;Ftpg;Gf; nfhLg;gdT fs mYtyu;fSf;fhd Nkhl;lhu; irf;fps; Fj;jif cjtp I.eh.cyf czTj; jpl;lj;jpw;fhd czT cjtp jhdpa cw;gj;jp khtl;lq;fspy; khtl;l nrayfq;fSf;F Row;rp epjpapid cUthf;Fjy; rpWgw;W epy Njapiy nra;ifahsu;fSf;F kz; ghJfhg;G cjtp tptrha Xa;t+jpa jpl;lj;jpw;F %yjd gq;fspg;G khfhz gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy; tptrha Muha;r;rp> Ma;T$l trjpfs; kPd;gpbj; JiwKf> eq;$uj; jsq;fspd; mgptpUj;jp kpUf itj;jpa Nritapid cWjpg;gLj;jy; kpUf itj;jpa epGzu;fSf;fhd nfhLg;gdTfs; fpuhkq;fis ,izf;fpd;w ghijfis juKau;j;jy;> 1>000 ghyq;fs; mgptpUj;jp gpd;jq;fpa fpuhkq;fSf;F rpwpa Ng&e;J toq;Fjy; khtl;l nrayhsu;fs;> gpuNjr nrayhsu;fs;> khtl;l jpl;lkply; gzpg;ghsu;fs;> khtl;l gpujhd fzf;fhsu;fSf;F xUq;fpizg;G kw;Wk; Nkw;ghu;itf; nfhLg;gdT khw;W jpwdhspfSf;fhd tho;f;ifj; njhopw; ghlrhiyfis etPdkag;gLj;jy; rpWtu; J\;gpuNahfk;> ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;Kiwapidj; jLj;jy; cs;Suhl;rp kd;wq;fis cWjpg;gLj;jy; (gpuNjr rig) njupT nra;ag;gl;l gpuNjr nrayf gpupTfspy; td rPtuhrpg; ghJfhg;G td rPtuhrpfs; jpizf;fsj;jpid cWjpg;gLj;jy; tlkj;jpa khfhzj;jpw;F fpuhkpa ePu; Rj;jpfupg;G fUj;jpl;lk; njhw;whj Neha; - Gw;WNeha;> khuilg;G> rpWePuf Neha; jLg;G Kjypad rpWtu; itj;jparhiy etPdkag;gLj;jy; nfhOk;G> whfk> fSNghtpy Njrpa itj;jparhiyfs; mgptpUj;jp itj;jparhiyg; gjtpapdUf;F Cf;Ftpg;Gf; nfhLg;gdTfs; fz;b> mEuhjGuj;jpy; nrayhw;Wif fiy epiyaq;fs; yady; ntd;w;> Yk;gpzp fyh epiyak;> fhyp efu kz;lg etPdkag;gLj;jy; fiyQu;fSf;fhd jq;Fkpl ,y;yq;fs; kuGupik ghJfhg;G> Cf;Ftpg;G Kd;ndLg;G fpuhkpag; ghlrhiyfspy; Jg;guNtw;ghL> gpw trjpfs; k`ufk> Vida Mrpupau; gapw;rpf; fy;Y}upfis etPdkag;gLj;jy;

eilKiw
500 300 300 2,000 200 50 25 300 1,400 100 150 300 -

%yjdk;
300 14,000 300 2,300 3,000 1,500 200 1,000 500 1,000 4,500 300 100 400 2,000 1,000 200 900 2,000 1,000 12,000 1,500 300 150 100 1,000 750 300 1,200 2,000

gpupntdhf; fy;tp
jpwd; fy;tp Kd;ndLg;G tho;f;ifj; njhopy; fy;tpapy; tpupTiuahsu;fs;> khztu;fSf;fhd nfhLg;gdTfs; gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy; Gjpa gPlq;fspd; tpupthf;fk;> ju Nkk;ghL

37

40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57

gy;fiyf;fof tpupTiuahsu;fs;> Nguhrpupau;fSf;F fy;tpf; nfhLg;gdT kUj;Jt gl;lg;gpd; gbg;G epWtf mgptpUj;jp itj;jpau;fs;> kUj;Jt gapYdu;fSf;fhd Muha;r;rpf; nfhLg;gdT ednry epiyaq;fis tpupthf;fy;> Gjpa trjpfs; Njrpa tpQ;Qhd epiyaj;jpid jhgpg;gjw;fhd Muk;g %yjdk; ghupa nfhOk;G nts;sj;jLg;G epfo;;r;rpj; jpl;lk; tPlikg;G jpl;lq;fis juKau;j;jy;> etPdkag;gLj;jy; Fiw tUkhd tPlikg;G mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk; rl;l kw;Wk; ePjpj;Jiw kWrPuikg;G ePjpgjpfSf;fhd Ms;rhu; nfhLg;gdTfs; nghyp]; NritapYs;stu;fSf;F tPlikg;G jpl;lq;fs; nghyp]; mflkpapd; trjpfis tpupthf;fy; kf;fs; gpujpepjpfspd; fUj;jpl;l Kd;nkhopTfspid nraw;gLj;jy; 2017 Mrpa tpisahl;LfSf;fhf ,isQu;fis jahu;gLj;jy; ,isQu; mgptpUj;jpf;fhd xJf;fPLfs; 2014 I.eh.,isQu; khehl;by; gq;Fgw;Wjy; murhq;f Copau;fSf;fhd tho;f;ifr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdT Xa;t+jpak; ngWeu;fSf;fhd tho;f;ifr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdT

200 1,400 25 17,300 3,300

600 1,000 300 1,500 800 500 500 1,500 500 4,000 500 150 250 -

Njrpa jpl;lkply; jpizf;fsk; kw;Wk; Njrpa tuT nryTj;jpl;l jpizf;fsk; vd;gtw;wpdhy; jahupf;fg;gl;lJ.

1 2 3 4 5 6

ml;ltiz II: tpupthd tup mbg;gilf;fhd Kd;nkhopTfs; - 2014 tUkhd Kd;nkhopTfs; tq;fpj;njhopy; kw;Wk; epjp epWtdq;fSf;F Nj.f.tupapid tpupthf;fy; ghupa re;ijj; njhFjpfs; kw;Wk; tu;j;jfq;fSf;F ng.Nr.tupg; gpuNahfj;jpid cWjpg;gLj;jy; (fhyhz;L Gus;T &gh 250 kpy;ypad; kw;Wk; Gus;tpy; 25 rjtPj tpyf;fspg;G) njhiynjhlu;Gfs; mwtPL 25 rjtPjj;jpdhy; epiyg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ Rq;fj; jPui ; tf;fhf Nkhl;lhu; thfdq;fspd; Nja;Tg; ngWkhd jpUj;jk; ngWkjpapid cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;F ngWkjp Fiwf;fg;gl;l nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; Muk;g Efu;Tg; nghUs; Vw;Wkjp kPJ nr]; tup jpUj;jk; cs;ehl;L ngWkjp Nru;g;Gf;fhf tpNrl Efu;Tg; nghUs; mwtPL/Rq;fj; jPui ; tj; jpUj;jk; nkhj;jk;

&gh kpy;.
3,665 15,000 4,000 2,000 4,000 12,750 41,415

murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; jahupf;fg;gl;lJ
ml;ltiz III: nkhj;j fld; ngWif Njitg;ghLfs; (fzf;fPl;L nfhLf;fy;thq;fYf;fhd Vw;ghL) tplak; nkhj;j tUkhd ngWiffSk; khdpaq;fSk; gLfld; kPs; nfhLg;gdT cs;slq;fyhf nkhj;jf; nfhLg;gdTfs; Kw;gzf; fzf;Ffspd; njhopw;ghl;L Vw;ghL ,lu; Vw;ghL mur njhopy;Kaw;rpfspd; Ie;njhif kPs; fl;likg;Gf;F ehdhtpj nghWg;G kw;Wk; Kwp toq;fy; gjpNtl;L jpUj;jq;fs;/ murhq;f gpizaq;fspd; fhRg; ngWkjp murhq;f fzf;Ffspy; gjpa Ntz;ba nkhj;jf; fld;gly; Njitg;ghL mtw;Ws;> nkhj;j gLfld; kPs; nfhLg;gdT &gh gpy;ypad; 1,495 2,599 4 50 30 90 1,278 589

Njrpa tuT nryTj;jpl;l jpizf;fsk; kw;Wk; jpiwNrup nraw;ghLfs; jpizf;fsq;fspdhy; jahupf;fg;gl;lJ.

38

ml;ltiz IV: tuT nryTj;jpl;l RUf;fk; (2009-2014) &gh gpy;. 2009 nkhj;j tUkhdKk; khdpaq;fSk; nkhj;j tUkhdk; tup tUkhdk; tUkhd tup nghUl;fs; Nritfs; kPjhd tup ntspehl;L tu;j;jfk; kPjhd tup tupay;yhj tUkhdk; khdpaq;fs; nkhj;j nrytpdk; kPzn ; lOk; rk;gsq;fSk; $ypfSk; Vida nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; Nritfs; tl;b cjTnjhiffSk; khw;wy;fSk; murhq;f KjyPL fy;tpAk; RfhjhuKk; cl;fl;likg;G Vida tUkhd kpif(+)/gw;whf;Fiw(-) t.nr.jpl;l gw;whf;Fiw (+)/gw;whf;Fiw(-) nkhj;j epjpaspg;G nkhj;j ntspehl;L epjpaspg;G Njwpa ntspehl;L ngWiffs; ntspehl;L ngWiffs; ntspehl;L tu;;j;jfk; gLfld; kPs; nfhLg;gdT nkhj;j cs;ehl;L epjpaspg;G tq;fpay;yhj fld; ngWiffs; jp.Kwpfs;>jp.cz;bay;>ntspehl;L KjyPL tq;fp fld; ngWiffs; tUkhdk; kw;Wk; khdpak;/nkh.c.c. (%) tUkhdk; /nkh.c.c.% tup/nkh.c.c. (%) nrytpdk;/nkh.c.c.(%) eilKiwr; nrytpdk;/nkh.c.c. (%) murhq;f KjyPL/nkh.c.c. (%)
tUkhd kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) / nkh.c.c.(%) Muk;g kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) / nkh.c.c. (%) t.nr.jpl;l kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) /nkh.c.c. (%)

2010 834.1 817.2 724.7 135.6 435.4 153.7 92.5 16.9 1,280.2 937.1 300.6 87.7 352.6 196.2 356.5 32.4 324.1 (13.4) (119.9) (445.9) 445.9 194.9 269.9 158.0 111.9 (75.1) 251.1 204.1 48.8 (1.9) 14.9 14.6 12.9 22.8 16.7 6.4 (2.1) (1.7) (8.0)

2012 1,067.5 1,051.4 908.1 172.5 519.6 216.6 142.5 16.0 1,556.5 1,131.0 347.7 140.0 408.4 234.6 443.9 46.1 397.9 (18.4) (79.5) (488.9) 488.9 180.7 364.6 234.4 130.2 (183.8) 308.2 70.9 105.6 131.5 14.1 13.9 12.0 20.5 14.9 5.9 (1.0) (1.1) (6.4)

2013 1,203.1 1,183.1 1,052.2 239.5 578.4 234.1 130.9 20.0 1,712.4 1,224.9 391.4 132.2 444.8 256.4 503.9 55.5 448.4 (16.4) (41.7) (509.2) 509.2 149.8 247.1 247.1 0.0 (97.2) 359.3 104.7 53.2 201.4 13.8 13.6 12.1 19.7 14.1 5.8 (0.5) (0.7) (5.8)

725.6 699.7 619.0 139.6 316.0 163.3 80.7 25.9 1,201.9 879.6 271.2 108.5 309.7 190.2 330.4 30.5 299.7 (8.1) (179.9) (476.4) 476.4 83.9 194.2 136.8 57.4 (110.3) 392.5 196.5 146.9 49.0 15.0 14.5 12.8 24.9 18.2 6.8 (3.7) (3.4) (9.9)

2014 t.nr.jpl;lk; 1,469.5 1,437.4 1,274.6 283.3 688.5 302.6 162.8 32.0 1,985.6 1,328.3 410.6 191.8 441.0 284.7 668.5 74.1 594.4 (11.1) 109.2 (516.1) 516.1 235.5 331.5 234.0 97.5 (96.0) 280.6 129.3 51.3 100.0 14.8 14.5 12.8 20.0 13.4 6.7 1.1 (0.8) (5.2)

murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; jahupf;fg;gl;lJ.

39

,izg;G 1 njhop;y;El;gf; Fwpg;Gfs; tuT nryTj; jpl;l Kd;nkhopTfs; 2014 - thp eilKiw
1 tUkhd thp (2006Mk; Mz;L 10Mk; ,yf;f cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; jpUj;jq;fs;) 1. thp tpyf;fspg;Gfs; / rYif thp tPjq;fs; tpyf;fspg;Gfs; 1.1.1 epWtd hPjpahd tpyf;fspg;Gfs; 1.1.1.1 gpd;tUtUk; epWtdq;fspd; (gq;fpyhgq;fSk; tl;bAk; jtpHe;j) ,yhgq;fSk; tUkhdKk; tUkhd thpapy; ,Ue;J tpyf;Fg; ngWk;. 2006 Mk; Mz;L 17Mk; ,yf;f Njrpa njhopy;Kaw;rp mgptpUj;jp (m) mjpfhurig rl;lj;jpd; fPo; jhgpf;fg;gl;l Njrpa njhopy;Kaw;rp mgptpUj;jp mjpfhurig 1980 Mk; Mz;L 41Mk; ,yf;f ,yq;if re;ijg;gLj;jy; epWtdr; (M) rl;lj;jpd; fPo; $l;bizf;fg;gl;l ,yq;if re;ijg;gLj;jy; epWtdk; 1986 Mk; Mz;L 12Mk; ,yf;f ,yq;if ngsjPf tpQ;Qhd epWtdr; (,) rl;lj;jpd; fPo; $l;bizf;fg;gl;l ,yq;if ngsjPf tpQ;Qhd epWtdk;. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 7Mk; gphpT jpUj;jg;gLk;) 1.1.1.2 %yq;fs; mbg;gilapyhd tpyf;fspg;Gfs; (m) Vida tUkhdq;fSld; %yj;jpy; ,Wjp thpahf thp tpjpf;fj;jF tUkhdq;fisf; nfhz;l jdpegHfSf;fhd vy;iy epthuzk;: ahNjDk; tHj;jfk;> tpahghuk;> caH njhopy; my;yJ tho;f;ifj; njhopnyhd;wpy; <Lglhj ahNuDk; CopaH xUtUf;F> mtuJ Copa tUkhdj;jpy; VNjDk; thpahz;bw;fhf thp fopf;fg;gl;bUf;Fkhapd;> mt;T+opa tUkhdk; my;yJ %yj;jpy; ,Wjp thpahf nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wjhd ahNjDk; tUkhdq;fs; my;yJ ,yhgq;fs; my;yhj Vida %yq;fspy; ,Ue;jhd mt;thpkjpg;ghz;bd; jpul;ba ,yhgq;fs; my;yJ tUkhdkhd &gh 48>000[ tpQ;rhj njhif. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 8Mk; gphpT jpUj;jg;gLk;) ahNjDk; ,yhgq;fSf;F ,ul;il thptpjpg;G epthuzj;ij toq;Ffpd;w> ,ul;il thp jtpHg;G xg;ge;jj;ij ,yq;iff;Fk; kw;iwa ehl;bw;Fk; ,ilapy;> mk;kw;iwa ehl;by; nrYj;jg;glj;jF thpapd; kPJ my;yJ mj;jifa ,yhgq;fs; my;yJ tUkhdj;jpy;> mk;kw;iwa ehl;by; thpiar; nrYj;jj; Njitaw;w> tYtpy; nfhz;buhj> ,yq;iff;F ntspNa cs;s ahNjDk; xU fk;gdp> gq;Flik my;yJ Ml;fs; FOkk;> tiuaWf;fg;gl;l =yq;fd; vaH iyd;]; my;yJ tiuaWf;fg;gl;l kpfpd; yq;fh jdpahH epWtdk; vd;gtw;wpd; tpNrl Ntz;LNfhSf;F mika> mj;jifa epWtdq;fSf;F ahNjDk; fzzp nkd;nghUspd; gad;ghL njhlHgpy;> Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l ahNjDk; nfhLg;gdTfspy; ,Ue;J vOk; my;yJ cUthFk; mj;jifa ,yhgq;fs; my;yJ tUkhdk;> (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 13Mk; gphpT jpUj;jg;gLk;) cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lk; gphpT (10) cg gphpT (1) ge;jp (x) ,y; Fwpf;fg;gl;l ,yq;iff;F ntspNa Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l KjyPl;by; ,Ue;J xU fk;gdpahy; ngwg;gl;l tpyf;fspf;fg;gl;l gq;F ,yhgq;fspy; ,Ue;J gfpug;gl;l ,yhgq;fs;> (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 10Mk; gphpT jpUj;jg;gLk;)

(M )

(, )

1.1.2

rYif thp tPjq;fs; Mil Vw;WkjpahsHfSf;F Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w rpy Nritfspd; 1.1.2.1 toq;fy;fspy; ,Ue;jhd ,yhgq;fs; kw;Wk; tUkhdj;jpd; kPJ jw;NghJs;s 12% tPj rYif thpahdJ gpd;tUNthUf;F Nritfis toq;FNthiuAk; cs;sf;fpajhf ePl;rpf;fg;gLk;. nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; Nritfspd; Vw;WkjpahsHfs;> my;yJ: ntspehl;Lg; gpujhdpf;F Neubahf mj;jifa NritfshdJ> mt;Ntw;Wkjpg; nghUl;fspd; cw;gj;jpf;F jhf;fKWgFjpahf my;yJ mj;jifa Nritfspd; Vw;Wkjpf;F mj;jpahtrpkhf njhlHGgl;bUg;gpd;> mj;Jld; mr;NritfSf;fhf Nrit toq;FdUf;F Vw;Wkjpahshpdhy; my;yJ ntspehl;L gpujhdpahy; ntspehl;L ehzaj;jpy;> ,yq;ifapy; nfhLg;gdTfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;l gphpT 13(<<<) ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l> ,yq;iff;F ntspNa cs;s MnshUtUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w (,yq;iff;F ntspNa gad;gLj;jg;gl;l) NritfSf;fhf> ntspehl;L ehzaj;jpy; <l;lg;gl;l ,yhgq;fs; kw;Wk; tUkhdk; kPJ jw;nghOJ cs;s thp tpyf;F khw;wkilahJ ,Uf;Fk;. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 58Mk; gphpT jpUj;jg;gLk;) 1.1.2.2 cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 51Mk; kw;Wk; 52Mk; gphpTfspy; toq;fg;gl;Ls;s jifikfhz; Vw;Wkjp ,yhgq;fSf;fhd> eilKiwapy; cs;s rYif thp tPjg; gpuNahfj;ij ePl;rpg;gjw;fhd Vw;ghLfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;> (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 51Mk; kw;Wk; 52Mk; gphpTfs; jpUj;jg;gLk;)

40

1.1.2.3

gy;NtWgl;l Jiwfspy; gpuNahfpf;fg;gLk; rYif thp tPjq;fSf;fhd gpuNahfj;jpd; xUkpj;j jd;ikiag; NgZKfkhf>&gh 500 kpy;ypaDf;F Fiwahj tUlhe;jg; Gus;itf; nfhz;Ls;s njhopy;Kaw;rpahz;ik kPJ gpuNahfpf;ff;$ba 10% tPj thpahdJ> 12% tPjkhf kPs;jpUj;jg;gLk;. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 59 (M) Mk; gphpT kw;Wk; 5Mk; ml;ltiz jpUj;jg;gLk;) caHnjhopy;GhpNthhpd; thp tPjk; (caHnjhopy; Nritfis toq;Fk;) ahNuDk; jdpeghpd; caHnjhopy; tUkhdj;jpd; kPjhd NtWgl;l thptPjq;fspd; gpuNahfj;ij mfw;WKfkhf> mj;jifa thp tPjk; gpd;tUkhW Fiwf;fg;gLk;. caHnjhopy; tUkhdk; caHe;jgl;r thp tPjk; &gh 25 kpy;ypaid 12% tpQ;rhjtplj;J &gh 25 kpy;ypaDf;F 14% mjpfkhfTk; &gh 35 kpy;ypaDf;F FiwthfTk; ,Ug;gpd; &gh 35 kpy;ypaid 16% tpQ;Rkhapd; (chpa gphpTfSk; thp ml;ltizAk; khw;wg;gLk;) xH Copauhf gzpahw;Wk; caHnjhopy; Copa tUkhdj;jpd; kPjhd rYif thp tPjg; gpuNahfk; caHnjhopy;GhpNthhpd; Copa tUkhdj;jpd; kPJ gpuNahfpf;fj;jF caHe;jgl;r tUkhd thp tPjkhdJ> 16% tPjkhff; Fiwf;fg;gLk;. ,e;Nehf;fj;jpw;fhfCopaH vd;gJ xU itj;jpaH> nghwpapayhsH> fl;llf;fiyQH> rl;lj;juzp> tpkhdp> fg;gy; khYkp> caHnjhopy; xOq;fikg;gpdhy; xU cWg;gpduhf mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;l fzf;fhsH kw;Wk; Muha;r;rpahsH my;yJ xj;jpire;j caHnjhopyhf mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;l rpNu\;l fy;tpapayhsH vd mHj;jg;gLk;. rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju njhopy;Kaw;rpahz;ikj; Jiwfs;> Vida milahsk; fhzg;gl;l Jiwfs; (mj;jifa fk;gdpfisAk; cs;slf;fpajhf) vd;gtw;wpd; gpuNahfj;jpYs;s rYif tPj thpfisf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L>&gh 5 kpy;ypad; thp tpjp tUkhdj;ij tpQ;rhj rpwpa fk;gdpfSf;fhd rYifthp ePf;fg;gLk;. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 2Mk; ml;ltiz jpUj;jg;gLk;) xU fk;gdp> mjd; 20% tPjj;jpw;Fk; Fiwahj nghJ kf;fSf;fhd Gjpa gq;F tpepNahj;ijf; nfhz;lJk;> mjd; ,yhgq;fs; kPJ $l;bizT tUkhd thpahf 28% tPjj;ij my;yJ mjidtpl tpQ;rpaij nrYj;Jfpd;wJkhapd;> cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpy; gphpT 59< ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;ljd; gpufhuk; thpapy; miug; gq;fpid nrYj;JtJ njhlHgpy;> gq;Ffisg; gl;baypLtjw;fhd fhyg;gFjpahdJ> NkYk; %d;W tUl fhyg; gFjpf;F ePbf;fg;gLk;. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 59 (<) Mk; gphpT jpUj;jg;gLk;) fopg;gdTfs;

1.1.2.4

1.1.2.5

1.1.2.6

1.1.2.7

1.2

Copa Cjpaj;jpy; ,Ue;jhd 1.2.1 1.2.2

10% tPj thpg; gpuNahfk; njhlHgpy;> xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l njhopy; toq;Fdhpd; fPo; mur Jiwapy; gzpahw;Wk; xH jdpeghpd; khjhe;jf; fpilg;gdT vy;iyahdJ>&gh 50>000w;F caHj;jg;gLk;. ahNuDk; CopaH xUtH> xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l njhopy;jUdHfsplk; my;yJ NtWgl;l ,lq;fspy; njhopy;tha;g;igg; ngw;W> mj;njhopy; jUeuhy;> toq;fg;gl;l Nkhl;lhH thfdj;jpy; ,Ue;jhd> jdpg;gl;l ghtidapd; VNjDk; ed;ikfis my;yJ VNjDk; nfhLg;gdTfis xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l ,lq;fspy; ,Ue;J my;yJ xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l njhopy;jUeHfsplkpUe;J ngWthuhapd;>&gh 50>000I tpQ;rpa mj;jifa ed;ikfs; my;yJ nfhLg;gdTfs;> mt;t+opahpd; thpf;Fl;gl;l Copa tUkhdj;jpd; gFjpiaj; Njhw;Wtpf;Fk;. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; chpa gphpTfs; jpUj;jg;gLk;)

1.3

thp tpLjiy kw;Wk; tphpthf;fy; jifikf; nfhLg;gfTfs; kPjhd tiuaiwfs; cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 22Mk; gphptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gl;l thp tpyf;fhdJ> 1.4.2014w;F 1.3.1 Kd;dH Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l KjyPLfSf;F khj;jpuk;> tiuaWf;fg;gLk;. 1.3.2 gphpT 34,d; cg gphpT (2) ,d; ge;jp (e) my;yJ ge;jp (j) ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l VyNt ,Uf;Fk; xH fk;gdpapd; tphpthf;fy; KjyPLfSf;fhd jifikf; nfhLg;gdTfs; kPjhd fopg;gdthdJ> 1.4.2014w;F Kd;dH Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l tphpthf;fy; KjyPLfSf;F khj;jpuk; tiuaWf;fg;gLk;. gy;NtW Jiwfspd; gpuNahfj;jpYs;s Fiwe;jkl;l thptPjq;fs; kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp> Muk;gr; nryTfs; Kjypa nryTfSk; fopg;gdTld; ,ize;j Jhpjg;gLj;jg;gl;l Nja;khd tpLnjhiffs; njhlHgpy;> jw;nghOJ fhzg;gLk; Fiwe;jgl;r KjyPL kw;Wk; njhlHGila thptpyf;fspg;Gf; fhyk; vd;gd NkYk; epahaj;Jtg;gLj;jg;gLk;.

1.3.3

1.4

epiwNtw;Wj;ju cj;jpNahfj;jH’ vd;gjd; tiutpyf;fzj;ij thpNehf;fpw;fhf kPs;jpUj;jy; ‘epiwNtw;Wj;ju mYtyH’’ vd;w tiutpyf;fzgLj;jypy; khjhe;j CjpakhdJ nfhLg;gdTfisAk; cs;slf;fpajhf)>&gh 25>000 ,ypUe;J &gh 75>000 MFk; (gphpT 217 ,y; cs;s ‘epiwNtw;Wj; ju mYtyH;’ vd;gjd; tiutpyf;fzk; kPs;jpUj;jg;gLk;.)

(rfy

2

ngWkjp NrH thp (2002Mk; Mz;L 14k; ,yf;f ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lj;jpd; jpUj;jq;fs;)

41

2.1

1.1.2014Mk; jpfjpapypUe;J gad;tYg; ngWk; tifapy; Gjpa ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lk; 2002 njhlf;fk; 2013 tiuapyhd jpUj;jq;fs; kw;Wk; 2014 tuTnryTj; jpl;l Kd;nkhopTfs; cs;slq;fyhf xUKfg;gLj;jgLk;. tpyf;fspg;Gfs; njhiyj;njhlHG ifj;njhopypy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; caH njhopy;El;g cgfuzq;fs; my;yJ 2.2.1 ,ae;jpuhjpfs; cs;ehl;Lf; nfhs;tdT my;yJ ,wf;Fkjp kPjhd jw;NghJ fhzg;gLk; thp tpyf;fhdJ> ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lj;jpd; Kjyhk; ml;ltizapd; 11k; gFjpapd; (m)ge;jpapy; tif (yy) ,y; Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l> mNj epge;jidf;Fl;gl;ljhf nrk;Gf; fk;gptlq;fspd; (nfhg;gH Nfgy;) cs;SHf; nfhs;tdT my;yJ ,wf;Fkjpia cs;slf;fpajhf tphpthf;fg;gLk;. mj;jifa nrk;Gf;fk;gp tlq;fs;fshdJ (nfhg;gH Nfgs;)> Fwpj;j njhopw;Jiwapd; cl;fl;likg;G mgptpUj;jpf;F gad;gLj;jf;$bajhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,wf;Fkjp kPjhd thptpyf;fhdJ> mj;jifa nrk;Gf; fk;gp tlq;fs; (nfhg;gH Nfgy;)chpa ju kw;Wk; gpukhzq;fspy; ,yq;ifapy; fpilf;fg;ngwhjtplj;J khj;jpuNk fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gLk;. 2.2.2 JiwrhH mikr;R nrayhshpdhy; mq;fPfhpf;fggl;lthwhd nghJ kf;fspd; mj;jifa Nritfis toq;Ftjw;fhd Njitg;ghLfSf;fhf cs;SH mjpfhu rigapd; %yk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; foptfw;wy; eltbf;iffSf;fhf gad;gLj;jg;gLk;> fypgTrH> ghij ,O nghwpfs; – miug; ngl;bfs;> cgfuzq;fs; my;yJ ahNjDk; ,ae;jpuhjpfs; Kjypatw;wpd; ,wf;Fkjp kPJ jw;NghJ fhzg;gLk; thp tpyf;fhdJ> mj;jifa nghUl;fs; cs;SHcw;gj;jpahsHfsplkpUe;J mNj epge;jidfSf;F cl;gl;ljhf nfhs;tdT nra;ag;gLkhapd;> mjidAk; cs;slf;fpajhf thp tpyf;fspg;G tphpthf;fg;gLk;.

2.2

fPo;tUk; nghUl;fSf;fhd ,wf;Fkjp kw;Wk; tpepNahfj;jpw;fhd ngWkjp NrH thpapy; ,Ue;J tpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;. (m) 62.15.10, 62.15.20, 62.15.90 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; cs;s fOj;jg; gl;bfs; kw;Wk; fOj;J tpy; gl;bfs; (M) 96.08.30 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; cs;s caHngWkjpAila Ngdhf;fs; (,) 0511.91.90,9507.10,9507.20,9507.30 kw;Wk; 9507.90 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; cs;s ciw Jhz;by; ,iu> Jhz;by; Ks;/Nfhy; /jpUFtl;L> fapWUs; fg;gp (<) 8407.21> 8407.29 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; cs;s fly; ce;Jtpir ,ae;jpuq;fs; (Kjyhk; ml;ltizapd; gFjp 11; jpUj;jg;gLk;) 2.2.3 2.3 thptpyf;FfSf;fhd tiuaiwfs; 2.3.1 ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l nghUl;fis cs;SH re;ijfspy; toq;fy;fspd; ngWkjp ahNuDk; xH ,wf;FkjpahsH tplaj;jpy;> xU fyz;lH tUlj;jpd; VNjDk; njhlHe;NjHr;rpahd %d;W khjq;fspy; &gh 250 kpy;ypaid tpQ;Rfpd;wjhapd;> tpNrl EfHTg; nghUs; mwtPl;Lf;F cl;gl;l nghUl;fSf;fhd ngWkjp NrH thpapy; ,Ue;J tpyf;fspg;Gf;fSf;fhd gpuNahfkhdJ> nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba ngWkjp NrH thp Rq;f thapypYf;F khj;jpuk; tiuaWf;fg;gLk;. ,jw;fika> Kjyhk; ml;ltizapy; gFjp 11 ,d; ge;jp (M) ,d; tif (xiii) ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l mj;jifa nghUl;fspd; cs;SH toq;fy;> xU fyz;lH tUlj;jpd; VNjDk; njhlHe;NjHr;rpahd %d;W khjq;fspy;> mj;jifa nghUl;fspd; ,wf;FkjpapypUe;jhd nkhj;j toq;fy; ngWkjpahdJ &gh 250 kpy;ypaid tpQ;Rfpd;wjhapd; ngWkjp NrH thpf;Fl;gLk;. 2.3.2 fPo;tUk; ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l nghUl;fSf;fhd ,wf;Fkjp kw;Wk; toq;fy;fSf;fhd tpyf;fspg;G ePf;fg;gLk;. 2.3.2.1 ney;> mhprp> NfhJik> Vyk;> fUth> fpuk;G> rhjpf;fha;> rhjpg;gj;jp> kpsF> cyH Njq;fha; JUty;> ,wg;gH> kug;ghy;> cyuhj Njq;fha;> nfhOe;J cl;gl;l Njapiy> mhprp kh> NfhJik kh> ghz;> Kl;ilfs;> jputg; ghy; my;yJ ghy; kh; 2.3.2.2 8701.10.10, 8701.10.90, 8701.20.10, 8701.90.10 8701.90.20 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; cs;s miuapOitf; fyq;fSf;fhd tptrha ,Onghwpfs; my;yJ ghij ,Onghwpfs;; 2.3.2.3 8438.80.40, 8429.10 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; cs;s Njapiy kw;Wk; ,wg;gH ifj;njhopw;Jiwf;fhd ,ae;jpuk; kw;Wk; cgfuzq;fs; ; chpikahshpdhy; njhopw;rhiyia etPdkag;gLj;Jtjw;fhd 2.3.2.4 njhopw;rhiy ,ae;jpuq;fs; ; 2.3.2.5 2006Mk; Mz;bd; 10k; ,yf;f cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; 24 (,)Mk; ge;jpapd; fPo; thp tpLjiyf;F jFjpngw;w njhopy;Kaw;rpahz;ikapd; %ykhd nghwp kw;Wk; ,ae;jpuk; ; 2.3.2.6 3003.90.11, 3003.90.12, 3003.90.13, 3003.90.15, 3003.90.19, 3004.90.11, 3004.90.12, 3004.90.13, 3004.90.15, my;yJ 3004.90.19 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; tUk; kUe;jhf;fw; nghUl;fs; ;

2.4

nkhj;j kw;Wk; rpy;yiw tpahghuj;jpw;fhd ngWkjp NrH thp 2.4.1. ahNuDk; Ms; my;yJ gq;Flik nfhz;L elhj;Jk; nkhj;j my;yJ rpy;yiw tpahghuj;jpd; fhyhz;L toq;fy;fspd; ngWkjpf;Fupa jw;Nghija tupaw;w FWkl;lk; &gh 500 kpy;ypadpypUe;J &gh 250 kpy;ypadhff; Fiwf;fg;gLk;. xU FOkj;jpd; Jizf; fk;gdp my;yJ ,izf; fk;gdp; nkhj;j my;yJ rpy;yiw tpahghuj;jpy; <LgLkhapd;> mj;Jld; mj;jifa FOkj;jpd;> ve;jNthH fhyhzLf;Fkhd

42

jpul;ba toq;fy;fspd; nkhj;jg; ngWkjp> mf;fhyhz;Lf;fhd ngWkjp NrH thpf;fhd> thpaw;w FWkl;lk; mf;FOkj;jpd; mj;jifa tHj;jfj;jpy; <LgLk;> rfy fk;gdpfspdJk; nkhj;jj;jpul;ba toq;fy;fspd; ngWkjpapd; mbg;gilapy; jPHkhdpf;fg;gLk;. 2.4.2. tupf;Fl;gl;l kw;Wk; tpyf;fspf;fg;gl;l toq;fy;;fisf; nfhz;l nkhj;j rpy;yiw tpahghuk; njhlh;gpy; Kjyhk; ml;ltiz gFjp 11 ,y;; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l nghUl;fspd; toq;fy;fSf;F gpuNahfpf;fg;gLk; tpyf;fspg;ghdJ> mjd; nkhj;j toq;fypy; Mff; $baJ 25 tPj tplajhdj;jpw;Fl;gLk;.

mj;jifa toq;fy;fSf;Fupa ,iaghd cs;sPl;L tup tuT gpupT 22 cg gpupT 6 ,w;fika mDkjpf;fg;gLk;. (ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lj;jpd; 22Mk; gphptpd; gphpT 8 kw;Wk; gphpT 3 jpUj;jg;gLk;) 2.5 ru;tNjr Nghf;Ftuj;J tiutpyf;fzj;ij tpupTgLj;jy; ,yq;ifapDs; mike;Js;s ru;tNjr tpkhd epiyaq;fSf;fpilapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; gazpfs; Nghf;Ftuj;Jld; Neubahf njhlu;Gila Nritfis cs;slf;fpajhf jw;Nghija tiutpyf;fzk; tpupthf;fg;gLk;. ngWkjp NrH thp kPsspg;GfSf;fhd gq;fspg;G ,yFgLj;jg;gl;l ngWkjp Nru; tup Kiwikapd; mwpKfj;ijaLj;J ngWkjp Nru; thp kPsspg;G Nfhupf;if tPo;r;rpiaf; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L, ,yq;ifapd; nghUl;fs; ,wf;Fkjp kPJ Rq;fg;gzpg;ghsu; ehafj;jpdhy; Nrfupf;fg;gl;l ngWkjpNru; tupapypUe;J mt;tupapd; kPsspg;G epjpaj;jpw;fhd gq;fspg; G tPjkhdJ 10 tPjj;jpypUe;J 6 tPjj;jpw;F Fiwf;fg;gLk;. 1.4.2013k; jpfjpapy; jpUj;jg;gLk;) 3 ,Ue;J gad;tYg; ngWkhW ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lj;jpd; 71 (2)Mk; gphpT

2.6

Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thp [2009Mk; Mz;L 9k; ,yf;f Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thpr; rl;lj;jpd; jpUj;jq;fs; ] tpyf;fspg;Gfs; 3.1 jPHitaw;w filfspy;> ntspehl;L ehzaj;jpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; nghUl;fspd; rpy;yiw 3.1.1 tHj;jfk; cw;gj;jpahsupdhy; cs;Supy; jahupf;fg;gl;L tpw;fg;gLk; Njq;fha; vz;nza;> %d;W tUl 3.1.2 fhyg;gFjpf;F jputg; ngw;Nwhypa thA tpepNahfk; 3.1.3 ntspehl;L ehzaf; nfhLg;gdtpy;> VNjDk; tpkhd epiyaj;jpy; toq;fg;gLk; Nritfs; 3.1.4 3.2 tpyf;FfSf;fhd tiuaiwfs; tpNrl EfHTg; gz;l mwtPLf;F cl;gl;l nghUl;fs; kPjhd Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thp 3.2.1 tpyf;fspg;G gpuNahfkhdJ Rq;f thapYf;F khj;jpuk;; Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thpr; nrYj;jYf;F tiuaWf;fg;gLk;. ,jw;fika> mj;jifa nghUl;fspd; cs;Su; tpw;gdT Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thpf;F cl;gLk;. Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thpr; rl;lj;jpd; gpupT 3 cg gpupT 2 jpUj;jg;gLk;. 3.2.2 KjyPl;L epjpaf; fzf;fpy; Fwpj;;j tPjj;jpy; epjp itg;G Njitg;ghl;bd; kPs; ngwiy mLj;J , epjpr; Nritfs; kPjhd tpyf;fspg;G KbTWj;jg;gLk;. ,Oit ,ae;jpu tpw;gdTg; Gus;T tpyf;fspg;ghdJ> cs;Supy; cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gl;l ,Oit 3.2.3 ,ae;jpuj;jpw;F khj;jpuk; tiuaWf;fg;gLk;. 8701.10.10, 8701.10.90, 8701.20.10, 8701.90.10 8701.90.20 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfisf; nfhz;l ,Oit ,ae;jpu ,wf;Fkjp Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thpr; rl;lj;jpw;F cl;gLk;. 3.2.4 3003.90.11, 3003.90.12, 3003.90.13, 3003.90.15, 3003.90.19, 3004.90.11, 3004.90.12, 3004.90.13, 3004.90.15, my;yJ 3004.90.19 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; tUk; kUe;jhf;fw; nghUl;fs;>Rq;f thapypy; Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thpf;F cl;gLk;. Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thpr; rl;lj;jpd; Kjyhk; ml;ltizapd; 1 Mk; gFjp jpUj;jg;gLk;.

4

4.1

caHnjhopy; Nritj; Jiwf;fhd tpNrl rYiffs; rHtNjr jiyikafq;fs; my;yJ gpuhe;jpa jiyik mYtyfq;fspd; kPsiktplk; rHtNjr tiyg;gpd;dy;fspy; cs;s epWtdq;fspd; jiyikafq;fs; my;yJ gpuhe;jpa jiyik mYtyfq;fis kPsiktplk; %yk; ,yq;ifapy; jhgpg;gij Cf;Ftpf;Fk; Kfkhf gpd;tUk; rYiffs; cld;ghl;bd; fPo; toq;fg;gLk; Fwpj;jiuf;fg;gl;l fhyg;gFjpf;fhd tUkhd thp tpLKiw mj;jifa jiyikafq;fs; my;yJ gpuhe;jpa jiyik mYtyfq;fspd; $l;bizTld; njhlHgila tpNrl nryTfspd; fopg;gdT ntspehl;L ehzaf; fpilg;gdtpd; kPJ ngWkjp NrH thp kw;Wk; Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;gy; thpapy; ,Ue;jhd epthuzk;

4.2

caHnjhopy;GhpNthUf;fhd tjptplj;njhFjpapd; epHkhzk; VNjDk; caHnjhopypy; <LgLk;> ahNuDk; jdpegH jdpahf my;yJ mj;jifa gpw eghfSld; jq;fspd; Ratjptplj; Njitf;fhf> tjptplf; fl;llj; njhFjpapid epHkhzpf;Fk; Nehf;fpy;> tq;fp kw;Wk; epHkhz xg;ge;jf;fhuHfSld; $l;Lf;FOit cUthf;fp ,Ug;gpd; gpd;tUk; rYiffs; cld;ghl;bd; fPo; toq;fg;gLk;. (m) mj;jifa eghfSf;F Fwpj;j Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf tq;fpfshy; toq;fg;gl;l fld;fSf;fhd> mt;tq;fpfspd; tl;b tUkhdk; kPJ jw;NghJ eilKiwapy; cs;s thpapd; miug; gFjp thpahf

43

(M) (,)

tpjpf;fg;gLk;. mj;jifa jdpeghpdhy;> fld; %yjd kPs;nfhLg;gdtpy;> khjnkhd;wpw;F &gh 50>000;[ tpQ;rhj njhif> jifik fhz; nfhLg;gdthf> KOikahff; fopg;gjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gLk;. gpuNahfj;jpy; cs;s Kj;jpiuj; jPHitahdJ Mjdf; ifkhw;wy; cWjp kPJ 25 % tPjj;jpw;F Fiwf;fg;gLk;.

(cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr;rl;lj;jpd gphpTfs; 13 kw;Wk; 34k; khfhz rigapd; Kj;jpiuj; jPHit njhlHghd chpa Vw;ghLfSk; jpUj;jg;gLk;. 4.3 epWtfg;gLj;jg;gl;l rHtNjr tHj;jf ehkq;fSld; $ba rHtNjr Gyikr; nrhj;jpd; iff;nfhs;siy Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhd rYiffs; VNjDk; rHtNjr hPjpay; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;l Gyikr; nrhj;ijf; iff;nfhs;fpd;w kw;Wk;> Ntj;Jhpik %yk; ntspehl;L ehzaj;jpy; ,yhgj;ij ciof;fpd;wJkhd ahNjDk; xU epWtdj;jpw;F gpd;tUk; thpr; rYiffs; cld;ghl;bd; fPo; toq;fg;gLk;. (m) (M) 4.4 tUkhd thpj; Njitf;fhf nkhj;jf; ifj;nfhs;sy; fpuak; xH fopg;gdthf mDkjpf;fg;gLk;. Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l fhyg;gFjpnahd;wpw;f;F ntspehl;L ehzaj;jpy; <l;lg;gl;l tUkhdj;jpw;F thptpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;

caHnjhopy;GhpNthuhy; cUthf;fg;gLk; $l;bizT epWtdq;fSf;fhd rYiffs; rHtNjr Nritfis toq;Fk; nghUl;L $l;bizT epWtdq;fis jhgpf;Fk; caHnjhopy;GhpNthUf;F gpd;tUk; rYiffs; cld;ghl;bd; fPo; toq;fg;gLk; (m) VNjDk; thpf;Fl;gl;l Nritfs; kPjhd $l;bizT tUkhd thp tPjg; gpuNahfkhdJ> xH [e;J tUlf; fhyg;gFjpf;F> mjd; miug;gFjpf;F tpjpf;fg;gLk;. (M) VNjDk; NtWgl;l %d;W tUlf;fhyg;gFjpapy; njhlHe;NjHr;rpahf> tUlnkhd;wpw;F 100>000 If;fpa mnkhpf;f nlhyUf;Fk; mjpfkhd njhifia ,yq;iff;F mDg;gpapUg;gpd;> ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gLk; xH Nkhl;lhH thfdk; kPJ jpul;ba thpfs; kw;Wk; Rq;fj;jPHitfspy; 10% tPjr; rYif toq;fg;gLk;. fg;gw;Jiw jpwd; tpUj;jpf;fhd rYiffs; fg;gw; ifj;njhopypYs;s gapYdHfSf;F Njitg;gl;l jpwd; tpUj;jpia toq;Ftjidf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L> xU fg;gy; ,af;Fduhy; my;yJ ahNuDk; ntspehl;L fg;gy; Kfthpdhy; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba thpapy; 10% tPjj;jpid fopg;gjw;F> mDkjpf;fg;gLk;. ,e;jf; fopg;gdT tiuKiwahdJ> gapw;rpngw;w egHfspd; vz;zpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; jPHkhdpf;g;gLk; ,izg;gpd; %yk; my;yJ Jizf; fk;gdpahf epjp epWtdq;fspd; iff;nfhs;sy; %yk; gpujhd epjp epWtdq;fspd; iff;nfhs;sy; fpuaj;ij fopj;jy; iff;nfhs;sy; my;yJ ,izg;Gf; fpuakhdJ %d;W tUl thp kjpg;ghz;Lf;Fs; fopg;gdthf mDkjpf;fg;gLk;.

4.5

4.6

5

nr]; thp 5.1 ,wf;Fkjp nr]; thp cs;SH ngWkjp NrHj;jiyAk; cw;gj;jp mjpfhpj;jiyAk; Cf;Ftpf;FKfkhfTk; gpd;tUk; tifawhf;fs; kPjhd nr]; thp kPs;jpUj;jg;gLk; tif ghNyL> japH kw;Wk; mJ Nghd;w nghUl;fs; ntl;ba g+f;fs;> ,iyj; njhFjpfs; kuf;fwpfs; (Nfhth> nyw;A+];> ful;> nts;shpf;fha;> mtiu ,d kuf;fwpfs;> jf;fhspfs;> kw;Wk; mJ Nghd;w kuf;fwpfs; (Gjpait> Fsp&l;g;gl;lit my;yJ rikf;fg;gl;lit) fhshd;fSk; epytbf;fhshd;fSk; kunts;spf; fpoq;F> tj;jisf; fpoq;F kw;Wk; mJ Nghd;w fpoq;F tiffs; tpijfSk; goq;fSk; (md;dhrp> mtfhNlh> nfha;ah> khk;gok;> kq;F];jhd;> rpw;w]; goq;fs; (Gjpa kz;lhpd;fs; kw;Wk; mg;gps; jtHe;jit)> nkyd;> gg;ghsp> gpaH];> mg;hpnfhl;> nrhp> gPr; goq;fs; kw;Wk; mJ Nghd;w gotiffs; kw;Wk; tpijfs; (Gjpa> cyHe;j> gjdplg;gl;lit) gor;rhW Nfhg;gp> kpsF> tdpyh kw;Wk; fUth nraw;ifg; g+f;fs; Esk;Gr; RUs; NfhJik my;yJ nk];ypd; kh kh[hPd; my;yJ cz;zf;$ba kuf;fwp kw;Wk; tpyq;Ff; nfhOg;Gfs; nrhNr[];fSk;> mJ Nghd;w ,iwr;rpg; nghUl;fSk; Mzq;fs; (Nrh];) >mjNdhL xj;j jahhpg;Gfs; nfhf;Nfh NrHf;fg;glhj nty;y ,dpg;Gfs; nrhf;fNsw;Wf;fSk;> nfhf;Nfhitf; nfhz;l Vida czTj; jahhpg;Gfs; ,iaG Kiwf; jiyg;G / ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 04.04, 04.06, 04.08 kw;Wk; 04.10 06.03 kw;Wk; 06.04 07.04,07.05, 07.06,07.07,07.08, 07.09,07.10, 07.11, 0712.31, 0712.32,0712.33,0712.39,0712.90.10, 20.01,20.02,20.04,20.05 20.03 07.14 08.01, 08.02, 08.0308.04,08.05( 0805.20.10 jtpHe;jit) 08.06,08.07,08.08,08.09,08.10,08.11,08. 12,08.14, 2006.00.10, 20.06.00.90, 20.07.91,20.07.99,20.08 20.09 9.01,9.04,9.05,9.06 67.02 38.08.50.10 1101.00.10 15.01,15.09,15.10,15.17 16.01,16.02,16.03 21.03 17.04 18.02,18.03,18.04,18.06

44

khg;gz;lq;fs; (gh];lh) > mJ Nghd;w khg;gz;lq;fs; rPhpay;fs; > mJ Nghd;w nghUl;fs; rhWk; $Ok; mijnahj;j jahhpg;Gfs; FspH ghNyL ([];fw P Pk;) kw;Wk; Vida cz;zj;jF ciw gdpf;fl;bfs; ,aw;if my;yJ nraw;if fdpg;nghUl;fs; NrHf;fg;gl;lit cs;gl ePH tHzg; g+r;R kw;Wk; thdp]; Nkhy;bypUe;J jahhpf;fg;gLk; gpaH> kJrhu tYTila ,ay;gpof;fhj <ijy; kJrhuk; kw;Wk; mJNghd;w Fbghdq;fs; tpdhfphp nkOFjphp kpd;fyk; ChJgj;jp 50 fp.fp kw;Wk; mjw;F Fiwthd nghjp nra;ag;gl;l Nghl;yz;l; rPnke;J (nkd; gQ;Rg; nghUs;) Nfh]; rtHfhuk; kw;Wk; Kf mOf;F ePf;fp ykpNdl;bq; jhsfs; Rfhjhuj; Jtha;fs; cUf;Fg; nghUl;fs;

19.02 11.04,19.04 21.04 21.05 22.01 kw;Wk; 22.02 32.08,32.09 22.03,22.08 22.09 34.06 85.06.10 33.07.41 2523.29.20 3005.10, 3005.90 , 58.03.00 3401.11, 3401.19,3401.20 kw;Wk; 3401.30 39.20 96.19.00 72.04 ,72.14.20.90 ,73.06.30 ,73.06.69.90 ,73.06.90.90 , 73.06.61.90, 73.14.20 ,73.14.31 ,73.14.41, 73.14.42, 73.14.49, 73.23 76.04, 76.08 ,76.10 83.01, 83.02.10, 83.05 ,83.06 94.03 96.03 4011.10, 4011.20, 84.20.10.

mYkpdpak; fl;bfs; kw;Wk; Foha;fs; g+l;Lf;fs;> gpizr;ry;fs; jsghlk; Jilg;gq;fs; kw;Wk; Jhhpiffs; ,wg;gH ,ae;jpuhjpfs; kw;Wk; ,wg;gH nghUl;fs; fPo;tUk; nghUl;fspd; nr]; ePf;fg;gLk;/ jpUj;jg;gLk; tif jq; vz;nza; fljhrp ml;il ntSg;ghf;fg;glhj Jzpfs; mYkpdpaf; fk;gpfs; rHtNjr mq;fhb tpahghuj;ij Cf;Ftpf;Fkfkhf tifawhf;fSf;fhd nr]; thp ePf;fg;gLk; tif caH jug; Ngidfs; fOj;jg; gl;bfSk; tpy; gl;bfSk; 5.2 Vw;Wkjp nr]; thp

,iaG Kiwf; jiyg;G / ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 15.15.90.10 48.11.51.10 52.09.11, 52.10.11, 52.11.11, 2.12.21,58.02.11 76.05.11 tpahghuf; FwpaPl;Lld; $ba gpd;tUk;

,.Kiwf; jiyg;G / ,. Kiwf; FwpaPL 96.08.30 62.15.10 ,62.15.20 ,62.15.90

cs;SH ngWkjp $l;liy Cf;Ftpf;Fk; tifapy; gpd;tUk; nghUl;fSf;fhd nr]; thp mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;. tif kpsF fUth Vyk; rhjpf;fha; kw;Wk; fpuhk;G 6 ,iaG Kiwf; jiyg;G / ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 09.04.11.10 09.06.11.10 09.07.10.10 09.08.11.10

Rq;fj; jPHit jw;NghJ eilKiwapy; cs;s ehd;F fl;lj; jPHitf; fl;likg;ghdJ> tHj;jfk; kw;Wk; cw;gj;jp trjpaspj;jypd; vspikahf;fYld; ,ize;j tifapy; gpd;UkhW NkYk; ,izf;fg;gLk;. tifg;gLj;jy; jPHit thpir ,yf;fk; Rq;fj;jPHit (%) mj;jpahtrpa cs;sPLfs; kw;Wk; cs;ehl;by; cw;gj;jp 0 3,376 nra;ag;glhjit %yg;nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; miu %yg; nghUl;fs; 7.5 184 ,ilepiyg; nghUl;fs; 15.0 1,605 ,Wjp gad;ghl;lhsH nghUl;fs; 25.0 1,412

Rq;fj;jPHitf;F Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l gpd;tUk; khw;wq;fs; 2013 etk;gH 22k; jpfjpapy; ,Ue;J gad;tYg;ngWk;.

45

jfty; njhopy;El;gk; / tpaghu nraw;ghl;L ntsptsj;Jiw ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 8443.31.10, 8443.31.90, 8443.32.10, 8443.32.20, 8443.32.90, 8443.39.10, 8443.39.90, 8443.99.10 xspapay; ehH tlq;fs; 8544.70 vhprf;jp Nrkpg;Gg; nghUl;fs; ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL #hpa xsp fl;Lg;ghl;Lr; RUs;fs; 3919.90.10

Rq;fj;jPHit (%) tpyf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ

tpyf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ

Rq;fj;jPHit (%) tpyf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ

Nkw;re;ij mgptpUj;jpf;fhd tHj;jf ehkg; nghUl;fs ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 3303.00.10 9608.30 6215.10 6215.20 6215.90 Rq;fj;jPHit (%) 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5

cs;SH ngWkjp cUthf;fj;Jld; $ba gpd;dpizr; NrHkhdKk;>cs;SH ngWkjpr; NrHkhdk;; ,ae;jpuq;fs; kw;Wk; fduff; ifj;njhopy; ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL Njapiy ,ae;jpuhjpfs; 8438.80.40 ,Oitg; nghwpfs; 8701.20.10 8701.20.20 8701.30.10 8701.30.20 8701.90.30 8701.90.40 cUf;F 7207.11.10 7207.20.90 rPnke;J 2523.21 2523.29.10 2523.29.20 2523.29.30 2523.30 2523.90 MAHNtjf; ifj;njhopy; ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 2712.10 2712.20 2914.29.10 3301.25 3301.90.93 3301.90.96 3301.90.99 Rq;fj;jPHit (%) 7.5 7.5 15.0 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 Rq;fj;jPHit (%)

7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5

46

kPd;gpbj;Jiw ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL ciw Jhzby; ,iu 0511.91.90 ,dpg;Ggz;l ifj;;njhopw;Jiw ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL kz%l;bfs; 2103.90.10 (Gjpa NSD) 2103.90.90 (Gjpa NSD) nfhf;Nfh tpijfs; 1801.00.10 1801.00.20 jq;fk; kw;Wk; Nkhl;lhH thfd ,wf;Fkjpfs; jq;fk; ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 7108.11 7108.12 7108.13 7108.20 bry; `a;gphpl; thfdq;fs; (Gjpa NSD) ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 8703.31.71 8703.31.79 8703.31.81 8703.31.89 8703.31.91 8703.31.92 8703.31.93 8703.31.94 8703.32.51 8703.32.52 8703.32.53 8703.32.61 8703.32.69 8703.32.72 8703.32.81 8703.32.89 8703.32.91 8703.32.92 8703.32.94 8703.32.95 8703.32.96 8703.32.97 8703.32.98 8703.32.99 8703.33.51 8703.33.59 8703.33.61 8703.33.69 8703.33.72 8703.33.81 8703.33.89 Vida cs;SH ngWkjp NrHf;fg;gl;l ifj;njhopy;fs; ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL glF jahhpg;Gf; ifj;njhopy; 8902.00 Rq;fj;jPHit (%) 25.0 Rq;fj;jPHit (%) 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 Rq;fj;jPHit (%) 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 Rq;fj;jPHit (%) 15.0 15.0 Rq;fj;jPHit (%) 7.5

15.0 15.0

47

8903.10.90 8903.91 8903.92 8903.99.90 8904.00.10 nghjp fl;Lk; tz;bfs; (tPy; gNuh) kw;Wk; mjd; ghfq;fs; 8716.80.20 (Gjpa NSD) 8716.90.10 (Gjpa NSD) nkd; gQ;Rg; nghUs; (Nfh];) 5803.00 3005.10 3005.90 7 2007Mk; Mz;bd; 48k; ,yf;f tpNrl EfHTg; nghUl;fs; mwtPl;Lr; rl;lk;

25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0

25.0 25.0

25.00 25.00 25.00

gpd;tUk; tifawhf;fspd; ,wf;Fkjp kPjhd tpNrl EfHTg; nghUl;fs; mwtPL kPs;jpUj;jg;gLk;. tif nej;jypf; fUthL cyHj;jpa mtiu ,dq;fs; (KOikahdit/ gpsf;fg;gl;lit) rpf; fliy (KOikahdit/ gpsf;fg;gl;lit) gaW bd;fspy; ,lg;gl;l kPd; rPdp 1701.12, 1701.13, 1701.14, 1701.91.10, 1701.91.90, 1701.99.10, 1701.99.20, 1701.99.30, 1701.99.90 khrpf; fUthL fUthL 0305.59.10 0305.59.90 0305.59.20 0713.10.10, 0713.10.20 0713.20.10, 0713.20.20 0713.31.10 1604.11, 1604.12, 1604.13, 1604.14, 1604.15, 1604.16, 1604.17, 1604.19, 1604.20 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL

0805.10.10 Njhlk;gok; nfhj;jky;yp nehUf;fg;glhjit my;yJ miuf;fg;glhjit 0909.21, 0909.22 my;yJ nehUf;fg;gl;lit my;yJ miuf;fg;gl;lit er;rPufk; nehUf;fg;glhjit my;yJ miuf;fg;glhjit my;yJ 0909.31, 0909.32 nehUf;fg;gl;lit my;yJ miuf;fg;gl;lit ngUQ;rPufk; kQ;rs; nehUf;fg;glhjit my;yJ miuf;fg;glhjit my;yJ nehUf;fg;gl;lit my;yJ miuf;fg;gl;lit cOe;J kh epyf;fliy 0909.61.20 0910.30.10, 0910.30.90 1106.10.10 1202.42

1207.50 fLF tpij ghk; vz;nza; - Rj;jpfhpf;fg;glhjit kw;Wk; Rj;jpfhpf;fg;gl;lit 1507.10, 1507.90, 1511.10, 1511.90.10, 1511.90.20, 1511.90.90, 1512.11, 1512.19, 1513.11.11, 1513.11.19, 1513.11.21, 1513.11.29, 1513.19.10, 1513.19.90, 1513.21, 1513.29 cg;G Nahfl; ntz;nza; kh[hPd; 8 Rje;jpu thj;jf xg;ge;jq;fspd; fPohd jPHitf; Fiwg;gdTfs; 2013 etk;gH 22k; jpfjpapypUe;J gad;tYf; ngWk;tifapy; njw;fhrpa Rje;jpu tHj;jf xg;ge;jk; (SAFTA) kw;Wk; ,e;jpa - ,yq;if Rje;jpu thj;jf xg;ge;jk; (ISFTA), 208 kw;Wk; 10 tiffs; cld;gl;lthW ,yq;ifapd; mt;te;j vjpHf;fzpag; gl;baypy; ,Ue;J ePf;fg;gLk;. njw;fhrpa Rje;jpu tHj;jf xg;ge;jk; (SAFTA) 2501.00 0403.10 0405.10 1517.10.10, 1517.10.90

48

kpff;Fiwe;j kl;l mgptpUj;jpiaf; nfhz;l ehL 0104.10, 0104.20, 0201.10, 0201.20, 0201.30, 0202.10, 0202.20, 0202.30, 0205.00, 0206.10, 0206.21, 0206.29, 0207.27, 0209.00, 0307.99, 0711.20, 0802.11, 0802.12, 0802.21, 0802.31, 0802.40, 0802.50, 0802.60, 0809.10, 0809.20, 0809.30, 812.10, 0813.10, 0813.20, 0909.10, 0909.40, 0910.20, 1001.10, 1109.00, 1212.21, 1302.11, 1302.12, 1302.13, 1302.20, 1302.31, 1302.32, 1302.39, 1404.20, 1501.00, 1505.00, 1522.00, 1603.00, 1604.11, 1604.12, 1604.19, 1604.30, 1702.20, 1702.40, 1702.50, 1702.60, 2309.10, 2710.91, 2711.11, 2711.14, 2711.19, 2711.21, 2711.29, 2713.11, 2713.12, 2713.20, 2713.90, 2714.10, 2714.90, 2715.00, 4007.00, 4805.11, 4805.12, 4805.19, 4808.30, 4808.90, 4823.20, 6811.81, 7309.00, 7318.12, 7318.13, 7318.14, 7318.16, 7318.21, 7318.23, 7419.99, 7604.10, 7604.21, 8201.10, 8201.20, 8201.30, 8201.40, 8201.50, 8201.60, 8201.90, 8211.91, 8211.93, 8211.94, 8308.10, 8308.20, 8308.90, 8413.92, 8418.29, 8418.61, 8418.69, 8421.22, 8424.10, 8432.10, 8432.80, 8432.90, 8433.40, 8433.52, 8433.59, 8438.80, 8480.71, 8480.79, 8516.10, 8516.21, 8527.99, 8528.71, 8528.73, 8538.90, 8546.90, 8547.10, 9017.20, 9612.10, 9612.20 rfy cWg;G ehLfSf;Fkhd tpyf;fspg;G 0804.20, 0810.40, 0903.00, 1008.30, 1214.10, 4106.21, 4106.31, 4106.32, 4106.40, 4106.91, 4202.32, 4202.39, 4202.91, 4202.92, 4202.99, 6403.12, 6403.19, 6404.11, 6811.82, 6913.10, 7303.00, 7313.00, 7318.24, 7615.11, 8212.20, 8433.51, 8504.22, 8516.79, 8517.69, 8527.13, 9615.19, 9615.90, 9616.10, 9616.20 1901.10, 4201.00, 4203.10, 6913.90, 8215.10, 8527.21, 2005.91, 4202.11, 4203.21, 7015.10, 8215.20, 8527.29, 2523.21, 4202.12, 4203.29, 7114.11, 8215.99, 8536.70, 2523.29, 4202.19, 4203.30, 7114.19, 8414.59, 8536.90, 2709.00, 4202.21, 4203.40, 7114.20, 8418.21, 9004.10, 3907.50, 4202.22, 4205.00, 7215.10, 8421.19, 9004.90, 4002.99, 4202.29, 6402.12, 7215.50, 8423.90, 9608.91, 4105.10, 4202.31, 6402.19, 7215.90, 8424.81, 9615.11,

,e;jpa - ,yq;if Rje;jpu tHj;jf xg;ge;jk; (ISFTA) ,e;jpa - ,yq;if Rje;jpu tHj;jf xg;ge;jj;jpd; (ISFTA) fPo; ,yq;ifapd; kiwg;gl;baypy; ,Ue;J gpd;tUk; jPHit mzpfs; ePf;fg;gLk;. tif jhtur; rhWfs;> ngf;fpNdw;Wf;fSk; ngf;Nww;Wf;fSk; vfhH - vfhH fdpaq;fSk; jbg;ghf;fpfSk;> khw;wpaikf;fg;gl;lit my;yJ khw;wpaikf;fg;glhjit> jhtu cw;gj;jpapy; ,Ue;J ngwg;gl;lit eha; my;yJ g+idf;fhd czT> rpy;yiw tpiyf;F tpw;fg;gl;lit gw;fSf;fpilapyhd ,ilntspiaj; Jg;guthf;Fk; ehH (nld;lyh Gnsh];) tpahghu tpsk;guj;jpw;fhd nghUl;fs;> tpahghuj;jpw;fhd nghUl;fs;> tpahghuj;jpw;fhd ifNaLfSk; khjphpfSk; NkLgs;sq;fisf; nfhz;l jfLfs; gpw jfLfs;> rl;lfq;fSk; xLfSk; jbj;j ,wg;gH my;yJ gpsh];bf; - rPg;Gfs;> jiykapH; nfhOtpfs; kw;Wk; mJ Nghd;wit gpw - rPg;Gfs;> jiykapH; nfhOtpfs; kw;Wk; mJ Nghd;wit 9 KjyPl;Lr; rig mq;fPfhuj;jpw;Fl;gl;l jpl;lq;fSf;fhd kiwg; gl;bay; jHfhPjpahd jPHitf; fl;likg;gpid guhkhpf;Fk; Kfkhf> gpd;tUk; nghUl;fis mlq;fpa gl;baiy KjyPl;L rig rYiff;fhd kiwg;gl;baypy; itf;fg;gLfpd;wd. vt;thwhapDk;> cs;SH re;ijapy; mj;jifa nghUl;fs; Fwpj;j tbtikg;G> juk;> kw;Wk; gpukhzj;jpy; fhzg;glhjtplj;J tHj;jf kw;Wk; KjyPl;Lf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fs gzpg;ghsH ehafj;jpd; rk;kjj;Jld; gpd;tUk; nghUl;fis Rq;fj;jPHitaw;w mbg;gilapy; fk;gdpfs; ,wf;Fkjp nratjw;F KjyPl;Lr; rig mDkjpf;ff;$Lk;. tif ,y. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 EfHTg; nghUs; rPnke;J cUf;F tYt+l;bfs; gpisTl; jhs;fs; rl;lfj;Jldhd mYkpdpaf; ftrg; gjhHj;jk; xl;Lg;gyiff; fjTfs; gPtPrP fjTfs; gbfs;> ifg;gpbfs;> gbthpir tpspk;gpd; cNyhf Kfg;G kw;Wk; nghUj;jpfs; kl;ghz;lk;> ntz;fspkz; RtH xLfs;> jiu XLfs;> khgps; jiu XLfs;> fpuidw; fw;fs; kw;Wk; gspq;F XLfs; fhH jhpg;gplj;jpw;fhd %iyj; Jhz;fs; tHzg;g+r;Rfs; mYkpdpak; kw;Wk; Jj;jehfk; / mYkpdpak; cUisf; fjTfs; rhf;fil %bfs; kw;Wk; fPw;wzp kzp kw;Wk; kzp Mspfs; kpd;rhuf; fk;gpfs; kw;Wk; fk;gptlq;fs; njhiyNgrp tlq;fs; ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 1302.00 1302.31 1302.32 2309.10 3306.20 4911.10 6811.81 6811.82 9615.11 9615.19

49

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

gpujhd tpepNahfr; rl;lfq;fs;> tpepNahfk; / re;jpg; ngl;bfs; kw;Wk; Vidait gptPrp jiur; rhf;filfs; WC’s fOT njhl;b> gpl;Nll;];> gf;ff; fOTnjhl;bfs;> Fspasiwj; njhl;bfs;> rpWePHf; fyq;fs; kw;Wk; Jha;ikg; nghUj;jpfs; gTlH ciwaplg;gl;l Giff;$k;G kw;Wk; Jug;gzq;fs; thHg;gpUk;G tbfhy; nghUj;jpfs; kuf; fjTfs; fjTfs; kw;Wk; [d;dy;fSf;fhd gpizr;ry;fs; jiug; gpizr;ry; kw;Wk; RUs; gpizr;ry;fs; Id;dy;fSf;fhd gyfzp jhq;F rl;lk; kw;Wk; gyfzp nfhz;b> fjTg; g+l;Lfs;> fjT KLiffs;> fjTf; ifgpbfs;> fjT epWj;jpfs; (mit fyit myFfshf ,Ue;jhy;> mDkjpf;fg;gLk;) ikag;gyif jpUfhzpfs; kyry$l jLg;Gfs; RtH g+uzg;gLj;jy; nghUl;fs;

10. cgNahfpf;fg;gl;l Nkhl;lH thfdq;fSf;fhd Nja;khd ml;ltiz 87.01, 87.02, 87.03, 87.04 kw;Wk; 87.11 ,iaG Kiwj; jiyg;Gfisf; Nja;khd ml;ltizahdJ gpd;tUkhW kPsj;jpUj;jg;gLk;; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gl;l fhyk; 1 tUlj;ij tplf; $baJk; 2 my;yJ mijtpl Fiwe;j tUlq;fisf; nfhz;lJk; 2 tUlq;fis tplf; $baJk; 3 my;yJ mijtpl Fiwe;j tUlq;fisf; nfhz;lJk; 3 tUlq;fis tplf; $baJk; 4 my;yJ mijtpl Fiwe;j tUlq;fisf; nfhz;lJk; 4 tUlq;fis tplf; $baJk; 5 my;yJ mijtpl Fiwe;j tUlq;fisf; nfhz;lJk; 5tUlq;fis tplf; $baJk; 6 my;yJ mijtpl Fiwe;j tUlq;fisf; nfhz;lJk; 6 tUlq;fis tplf; $baJk; 7 my;yJ mijtpl Fiwe;j tUlq;fisf; nfhz;lJk;; 7 tUlq;fis tplf; $baJk; 8 my;yJ mijtpl Fiwe;j tUlq;fisf; nfhz;lJk; 8 tUlq;fis tplf; $baJk; 9 my;yJ mijtpl Fiwe;j tUlq;fisf; nfhz;lJk;; 9 tUlq;fis tplf; $baJk; 10 my;yJ mijtpl Fiwe;j tUlq;fisf; nfhz;lJk; 10 tUlq;fis tplf; $baJ nfhz;l> cgNahfpf;fg;gl;l thfdq;fSf;fhd

Nja;khd FOB ngWkjp 90% 80% 75% 65% 60% 55% 50% 45% 40% 35%

11

JiwKfk; kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPL [2011Mk; Mz;L 18k; ,yf;f JiwKfk; kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPl;Lr; rl;lj;jpw;fhd jpUj;jk; ] (m) 2710.19.20 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPl;bid nfhz;l thDHjp vhpnghUs; JiwKfk; kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPl;Lr; rl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;J tpLtpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. (M) 3003.90.11, 3003.90.12, 3003.90.13, 3003.90.15, 3003.90.19, 3004.90.11, 3004.90.12, 3004.90.13, 3004.90.15, or 3004.90.19 ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gLk; kUe;jhf;fw; nghUl;fspd; ,wf;Fkjp 5% thpf;Fl;gLk;. 1989Mk; Mz;L 13k; ,yf;f kJthp (tpNrl Vw;ghLfs;) rl;lk; Gjpa Njrpa cg jiyg;GfSk; mtw;Wf;fhd Gjpa kJthp (tpV) jPHit tPjq;fSk; gpd;tUk; ,iaG Kiwj; FwpaPLfspd; fPo; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;. 8703.31.71,8703.31.81, 8703.31.91, 8703.31.93 8703.31.79, 8703.31.89, 8703.31.92 8703.31.94 8703.32.51, 8703.32.53, 8703.32.61 8703.32.52, 8703.32.59, 8703.32.69 8703.32.72, 8703.32.81, 8703.32.91, 8703.32.94,8703.32.96, 8703.32.98 8703.32.79, 8703.32.89, 8703.32.92, 8703.32.95, 8703.32.97, 8703.32.99 8703.33.51, 8703.33.61, 8703.33.728703.33.81 8703.33.59, 8703.33.69, 8703.33.798703.33.89 8704.21.51, 8704.21.52, 8704.31.41, 8704.31.42

12

8703.31

8703.32

8703.33 8704.21 8704.31

50

gpd;tUk; ,iaG kPs;jpUj;jg;gLk; tif nyhwpfSk; l;uf; tz;bfSk; Kr;rf;fu tz;bfs; ngw;Nwhy;

Kiwf;

FwpaPLfspd;

fPo;

cs;s

Gjpa

kJthp

(tpV)

jPHit

tPjq;fs;

,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL 8704.21.51 , 8704.21.52, 8704.31.41 and 8704.31.42 8703.21 & 8703.31 2710.12.20 2710.19.40

thA vz;nza; / Bry;

gpd;tUk; ,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPLfspd; tptuzq;fs; kPs;jpUj;jg;gLk; 8704.21.51,8704.21.52, 8704.21.61, 8704.21.62, 8704.21.63, 8704.21.64, 8704.31.41, 8704.31.42, 8704.31.51, 8704.31.52, 8704.31.53, 8704.31.54 murpiwia eLepiyr; rPuhf;Fk; Nehf;fpy;> Rq;f thp tPjq;fspd; Fiwg;gpw;F mikthf kJthp tpNrl Vw;ghLfs; tPjk;> mj;jpahak; 87,y; rPuhf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

13 njhiynjhlHG jpUj;jq;fs;] 14 mwtPL [ 2011Mk; Mz;L 21k; ,yf;f njhiynjhlHG mwtPl;Lr; rl;lj;

thpr; Nrfhpg;G kw;Wk; thp epHthf Nkk;ghl;L eltbf;iffs; (m) tpNrl jpwT ,yf;f mwpKfk; Kd;nkhopag;gl;l ,iwthp epHthf Kfhikj;Jt mwpKfg;gLj;jYld;> ntspthhp Kftuhz;ikfSld; tpNrl jpwT ,yf;fk; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;.

jfty; Kiwik (RAMIS) njhlHGfisg; NgZKfkhf

mj;jifa jpwT ,yf;fj;jpd; Clhf> ,iwthp epHthf Kfhikj;Jt jfty; Kiwik (RAMIS) gpuNahfkhdJ> jfty;fis ngw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L> Kf;fpa ntspts Kftuhz;ikfspd; jfty; njhopy;El;g KiwikAld; xUq;fpizf;fg;gLk;. (M) 2007Mk; Mz;L 7k; ,yf;f fk;gdpfs; rl;lk; jpUj;jg;gLk;. fk; - gdpr; rl;lj;jpd; fPohd tUlhe;jj; jpul;bd; xU gFjpahd cs;ehl;L ,iwthp MizahsH ehafj;jpdhy; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLk; mj;jhl;rpg; gj;jpuj;ij ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjpy; cs;s jw;Nghija Njitg;ghl;il> XH fk;gdp mjd; fiyg;G my;yJ xUq;fpizg;G> ,izg;G> kPs;fl;likg;G Nghd;w VNjDk; khw;wq;fs; jhf;fKWtjw;F Kd;dH> thpj; jilePf;fy; rhd;wpjiog; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;Fk;; fk;gdpr; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfs; tphpthf;fg;gLk;. fk; - gdpr; rl;lj;jpd; 9Mk; ml;ltizapy; jw;NghJs;s Vw;ghLfshd fk;gdpf; fiyg;G Muk;gpj;jYld; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; jtWifapy; cs;s thpj;njhif Kd;Dhpikf; Nfhhpf;ifahdJ xU tUlj;njhifapypUe;J 5 tUl jtWif thpj; njhiff;F tphpthf;fg;gLk;. (,) ,ufrpa ghJfhg;G Vw;ghLfs; . ,yq;ifr; Rq;fk;> njhifkjpg;G Gs;sptpguj; jpizf;fsk;> ,yq;if nghyp]; jpizf;fsk; Mfpa mur epWtdq;fs; jq;fsJ cj;jpNahfg+Ht flikfis nfhz;L elhj;Jifapy; Njitnadf; fUJk;gl;rj;jpy;> njhlHGila murepWtdq;fSf;F Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gl;l jfty;fis toq;Ftjw;F KbAkhdjhf jw;Nghija Vw;ghLfspy; cs;s fl;Lg;ghLfs; ePf;fg;gLk;. tpiyg;gl;bay; tpepNahfk; my;yJ NtNwJk; NjitfSf;fhf ngWkjp NrH thpg;gjptpid J\;gpuNahfpj;jy; Nghd;wtw;wpypUe;J jtpHj;Jf;nfhs;Sk; Kfkhf cs;ehl;L ,iwthpj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; ntg;jsj;jpy;> gpd;dH nraw;ghl;bw;F cl;gbd; VNjDk; rPuhf;fq;fSf;F mika> nraw;ghlw;w ngWkjp NrH thp gjpTfis gpuRhpf;fj; Njitahd Vw;ghLfs; $l;bizf;fg;gLk;. 209k; gphpT kw;Wk; Vida rl;lq;fSld; ,ize;j

(cs;ehl;L ,iwthpj; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSk; jpUj;jg;gLk;. (<)

mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;l fzf;fhsHfSk; mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;l gpujpepjpfSk; rHtNjr epjp mwpf;ifapLk; epakq;fspd; topfhl;ly;fs; kw;Wk; mj;jifa caH njhopy;fSf;fhd njhopy; newpf; Nfhit vd;gtw;wpd; jw;Nghija Njitg;ghLfSf;F mika> mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;l fzf;fhsHfSf;Fk; mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;l gpujpepjpfSf;Fk; gpuNahfpf;fj;jF rl;lq;fs; kw;Wk; xOq;Ftpjpfs; vd;gd> Nritfspd; juk; kw;Wk; epakq;fspd; ,w;iwg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk;> mjpf ntspg;gilj;jd;ik nfhz;ljhf miktjw;Fkhf jpUj;jg;gLk;. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpj; rl;lj;jpd; 107k; gphpT kw;Wk; Vida rl;lq;fSld; ,ize;j Vw;ghLfSk; jpUj;jg;gLk;.

51

(c)

cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; Nritapd; gjtpepiyfspd; tiutpyf;fzq;fs; njhlHgpy;> Nrit gpukhzf; Fwpg;gpd; mbg;gilapy;> khw;wq;fs; $l;bizf;fg;gLk;. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpj; rl;lj;jpd; 217k; gphpT jpUj;jg;gLk;)

Gjpa

(C)

jtWif thp kPs; mwtPl;Lr; rl;lk; kPs;mwtPl;Lr; rl;lj;ijg; gyg;gLj;Jk; Kfkhf> kPs;mwtpLjy; njhlHghd cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; njhlHGila Vw;ghLfs; jtWif kPs;mwtPl;Lr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;. ( 2010k; Mz;L 16k; ,yf;f jtWif thp (tpNrl Vw;ghLfs;) rl;lk;)

(v)

nghUshjhu Nritf; fl;lzk; nghUshjhur; Nritf; fl;lzk; njhlHgpyhd fhytjp vy;iy Vw;ghLfshdJ> cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfspy; cs;sthW khw;wpaikf;fg;gLk;. 2006Mk; Mz;L 13k; ,yf;f nghUshjhu Nritfs; fl;lzr; rl;lk; jpUj;jg;gLk;)

16

fhg;GWjpf; ifj;njhopw;Jiw 2011mk; Mz;bd; 3k; ,yf;f fhg;GWjp ifj;njhopy; xOq;Ftpjpfs; (jpUj;jk;) rl;lj;jpd; 53k; gphptpd; %yk; Ntz;lg;gl;lthW> ,ize;j fhg;GWjpf; fk;gdpfspd; NtWgLj;jy; njhlHgpyhd epiykhw;Wf; nfhLf;fy;-thq;fyhdJ mt;tpahghuj;jpd; njhlHr;rpahdnjdf; fUjg;gLtJld;> thp eLepiyj;Jt epiy MAl; fhg;GWjpf;Fk; kw;Wk; nghJf; fhg;GWjpf;Fk; gpd;tUtd njhlHgpy; mt;te;j mbg;gilapy; toq;fg;gLk;. (m) fhzg;gLk; tpahghuq;fis Kd;nfhz;L nry;yy;; (M) cwpQ;rg;glhj ngWkjp NrH thpapid <Lnra;jy;; (,) nghUshjhuf; fl;lzj;ij <Lnra;jy;; (<) %yjdr; nrhj;Jf;fspd; khw;wKk; Nja;khd tpLnjhiff; Nfhuypd; njhlHe;NjHr;rp. (cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; jpUj;jg;gLk;) rl;lk;> ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lk; kw;Wk; nghUshjhu Nritf; fl;lzk;

17

njhopy;El;g jtWfisj; jpUj;Jjy; 2006Mk; Mz;L 10Mk; ,yf;f cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lk;> 2002Mk; Mz;L 14Mk; ,yf;f ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lk;> 2009Mk; Mz;L 9Mk; ,yf;f Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thp> 2006Mk; Mz;L 13Mk; ,yf;f nghUshjhur; Nritfs; fl;lzr; rl;lk;> epjp (jpUj;jq;fs;) rl;lq;fs;> 2010Mk; Mz;L 16Mk; ,yf;f jtWif thpr; (tpNrl Vw;ghLfs;) rl;lk;> 2011Mk; Mz;L 21Mk; ,yf;f njhiyj;njhlHG mwtPl;Lr; rl;lk;> 2011Mk; Mz;L 18Mk; ,yf;f JiwKf kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPl;Lr; rl;lk; kw;Wk; 2011Mk; Mz;L 23Mk; ,yf;f thp Nkd;KiwaPl;L Mizf;FOr; rl;lk; Nghd;w rl;lq;fspd; njhlh;Gila Vw;ghLfspy; cs;s njsptpd;ik kw;Wk; vjph;ghuh tpisTfs; ( (nkhopngaHg;G NtWghLfs; cl;gl) Kjypatw;iw rhpnra;tjw;ftrpakhd rPuhf;fq;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. Kd;nkhopTfspd; gad;tYj; jpfjpfs; NtW tifapy; Fwpg;gplg;gltpy;iy vdpy;> Kd;nkhopTfs; fPno cs;sthW jpUj;jg;gLk; (i) tUkhd thp kw;Wk; mKy;gLj;jg;gLk;. nghUshjhu Nritf; fl;lzk; 2014 Vg;gpuy; 1k; jpfjpapypUe;J

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(ii)

ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lk; > njhiynjhlHghly; fl;lzr; rl;lk;, kw;Wk; Njrj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;Gk; thpr; rl;lk; vd;gd 2014 Idthp 1k; jpfjpapypUe;J mKy;gLj;jg;gLk;. nr]; thp> Jiwkf kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPL> Rq;fj; jPHit> kJ thp (tpNrl Vw;ghLfs;) kw;Wk; tpNrl EfHTg;nghUs; mwtPL vd;gd cldbahf nraw;glj;jFkhW (iii) mKy;gLj;jg;gLk;.

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