Endeavour to protect people and products

The Holography Times
The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22
Sep-Nov 2013 | Volume 7 | Issue 22

Innovation drives hologram ID document protection

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HoMAI quarterly newsletter www.homai.org
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The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

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The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

Viewpoint
Dear Reader, Welcome to the 22nd edition of The Holography Times. With today’s technology, document can be easily duplicated and altered. Document tampering occurs frequently, however, inexpensive color copiers, scanners, and PC’s have made duplication easy and readily available. This is happening at an alarming rate, and every business is vulnerable. In most cases, the targets are government-issued documents such as passports, driver’s licenses, or national ID cards. Our current issue highlights the “Identity Counterfeiting” and “Role of Hologram in Document Protection”. Apart from this the issue also covers industry updates including news and patents. Do send us your feedback/critics at info@homai.org. With Best Regards, C S Jeena Editor
Innovation drives hologram ID document protection

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Innovation drives hologram ID document protection Industry Updates
Counterfeit Seizure Report Global Patents Upcoming Events

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Injection moulded holograms tackle product security
European consortium developing methods to prevent the spread of counterfeit medicines in the SAVEmed project
urope: A European consortium is developing methods to prevent the spread of counterfeit medicines in the SAVEmed project, a three-year EU FP7 Research Project ending in 2014. The project aim to add anti-counterfeiting and track & trace technology to the product level that goes beyond the stateof-the-art security approach on the packaging level. The project SAVEmed will bring a solution for the counterfeiting and the illegal re-import problem in the medical product market. One of the technologies involves applying holograms onto plastics via a nanostructure on the surface of the injection mould. The developer is NANO4U, based in Germany, which is co-ordinator of the SAVEmed project. Other

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consortium partners are the UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (Italy), Heliotis (Switzerland), Klocke Group (Germany), MauerSp (Poland), Steripack (Ireland) and CSEM (Swiss Centre for Electronics and Microtechnology). Paul Glendenning, Chief Technology Officer at NANO4U, said potential uses for the hologram security features are not just pharmaceutical packaging and medical devices, but also other areas where counterfeiting of products is a problem, such as consumer electronics. “One customer is using it for high-value hifi connectors,” he said. “They injection mould their company logo around the circumference of the plastic connector. It’s

difficult to do this, so that makes it difficult to fake.” NANO4U has developed a variety of anti-counterfeiting technologies over a period of years. Working with partners, it has built intellectual property in technologies used for different purposes. It started work on the hologram technology prior to the SAVEmed project, but further development during the project enabled the technology to be made commercially available. Glendenning said: “What is new is our ability to apply a hologram to hard steel surfaces, including curved steel surfaces. We can apply not only a random colour pattern, but also a complex hologram that includes a picture or hidden detail that isn’t apparent under casual observation.” The hologram is designed with a pattern of diffracted nanostructures of less than 1 micron on a mould insert, which is replicated on the plastics during moulding. Holograms from a few millimetres to about 50mm in size can be easily moulded. Depending on the application and material, quantities of over 1 million shots per insert are possible.

Source: www.savemed.org www.nano4u.net

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The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

Rollprint launches anti-counterfeiting composite flexible-packaging technology

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ollprint Packaging has developed a new proprietary technology called Ghost, which creates an integrated, repeating watermark embedded in the composite flexible packaging material. The company says this process makes it technically and economically challenging to duplicate. Dwane Hahn, VP of sales and marketing for Rollprint, told PlasticsToday at Pack Expo (Sept. 23-25; Las Vegas) that the technology was designed for medical devices and pharmaceutical packaging. Ghost is suited for chevron pouches used in medical device applications, such as sutures, scalpels, prefilled syringes, artificial joints and catheters. The proprietary technology can be used with a variety of material

combinations including peelable and weld seal options used in conjunction with polyester, foil, nylon and other substrates. Hahn said that companies that are currently using anticounterfeiting measures typically employ covert options that can add cost and frequently require specialized equipment such as inks only visible under UV light and micro printing. However, since the Ghost watermark is added concurrently during normal processing, Rollprint can usually add the feature at little or no additional cost.”This is a creative way to protect the product from counterfeit,” he said. “Nurses can open the clean seal and quickly see the Ghost. Speed is critical and they are counting on the supply

chain to do our job.”Attempting to duplicate the watermark would require specialized equipment with knowledge of proprietary, advanced technology, which makes it a particularly challenging hurdle for counterfeiters to attempt. Ghost isn’t limited to just the medical industry, Hahn said it’s also suited for high value packaged goods and can be used in conjunction with blister packs, packets and packaging for other security-driven or luxury items. These include electronic components, collectibles, documents, jewelry and more. Source: www.europeanplasticsnews.com

UFLEX delays expansion in Latin America
Planning to establish a production facility in Brazil
UMBAI — India’s flexible packaging major Uflex Ltd. has put on hold its expansion plans in the Latin American market.The company was planning to establish a production facility, most likely in Brazil, in 2013. “The global as well as home market conditions have become tough, forcing us to put on hold further expansion in the international market,” said CEO Amit Ray, at the Speciality Films
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and Flexible Packaging Global Conference in Mumbai. “We are now focusing on consolidating our business and optimizing the operation in the five overseas facilities in 2013 and 2014.” Currently, Uflex has five overseas plants located in the United States, Mexico, Poland, Egypt and Dubai.Uflex would likely to build the sixth overseas film plant in 2015. “It could be a greenfield facility either in Russia or South America,” Ray said.

Despite a gloomy economic scenario on the domestic front, Uflex is going ahead with its fourth facility in India. The converting plant will be in western or southern India, according to N. Siva Shankaran, vice president for business development.“We have not decided on the plant location as yet. It would likely to be decided early next year,” said Shankaran. Source: www.plasticsnews.com

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Start-up film company invests $16 million in Indiana plant

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SA: Alliance Barrier Films LLC, a new maker of specialty and high-barrier film products, is opening a new plant in Washington, Ind., the Indiana Economic Development Corp. reported. The company invested $16 million to construct a 17,600-square-foot facility equipped with one sevenlayer Windmoeller&Hoelscher

blown film line and a 71-inch layflat, said Thomas Huff, owner of Alliance Barrier Films. “We see a need in the market for a supplier with our focus, that’s our size with our kind of equipment,” Huff said. With the $16 million investment, Alliance will be able to produce flat, gauge-band-free films for various applications in the food-

packaging industry.The facility will be operational by the end of the year, Huff said. Alliance processes resins that include ethylene vinyl alcohol, nylon and hybrid polyolefins to produce proprietary coextruded films for critical end-use applications, the report said. Source: www.plasticsnews.com

PolyU Develops anti-erasing Ink for product protection
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU)’s developed an innovative anti-erasing (ATE) ink for product packaging.
ong Kong: In a bid to enhance product authenticity and traceability, researchers of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU)’s Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology have developed an innovative Anti-Erasing (ATE) ink for use in various kinds of fastmoving consumer goods such as food, drink and drug packaging. Professor Pei Li and her research team of the Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology have been commissioned by Hallyuen Holding Limited since 2011 to develop a breakthrough solution to this urgent problem. After nearly three years of

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research and development, a series of anti-counterfeiting products has been developed, including irremovable coatings and ATE inks. Printing with ATE ink can leave irremovable trace marks, thus allowing consumers to detect tampered goods. The anti-counterfeit technology adopts a fast-drying formulation which is compatible with various continuous inkjet printers. It is not only applicable to rapid packaging production lines, but can also be printed on different packaging materials. The printed information can withstand physical tampering and leave non-removable trace marks.

Users may also choose their preferred trace marks from a selection of ink colors. Three patent applications have been filed for the development of ATE inks. The production of ATE ink has been scaled up for commercialization in the Chinese mainland through the partnering company, Hallyuen Holding Limited. For more information, contact; Professor Pei Li Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, Ph.: (852) 3400 8721 or Email: pei.li@polyu.edu.hk
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The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

BOPP film demand returns to the West
PCI Films Consulting Ltd predicts a return to growth of the European polypropylene (PP) film market.
returning, plus continued economic recovery, strong GDP growth driving East European flexible packaging consumption, and a continued switch from rigid to flexible packaging formats, I believe the future looks very positive for European polypropylene films.” Responding to this growth will be more PP film being made available in the coming years with new film extrusion capacity coming on stream and existing suppliers improving their capacity utilisation rates. While a majority of the new capacity is expected to be for BOPP film and will be installed in Eastern Europe, predominantly Russia, a new line is also being planned for Portugal. This new capacity is expected to increase competition in the European PP film market by targeting imported volume but is also expected to be directed at export markets. PCI Films Consulting Ltd’s latest report, ‘European Polypropylene Film Market Trends to 2017’, outlines the factors currently affecting capacity, production and demand in the European PP films market. With forecasts to 2017, the report provides valuable strategic insights into how the future PP film market might look in five years’ time with a focus on the expected changes in industry structure, leading suppliers and markets. Source: www.ppxx.pcifilms.com

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epresenting almost 50% of total European PP film demand, the West European BOPP film industry has struggled to gain any upward momentum over recent years due to factors including the region’s economic weakness, changes in production strategy by multinational food packers and the maturity of the market. Growth in European markets at 1% per annum, and offsetting declines in West European BOPP film demand, has come from the greater use of cast polypropylene (CPP) film in Western Europe and strong PP film market growth in Eastern Europe. Author of PCI’s latest findings, Steve Hillam commenting on the market situation said: “Demand in the European PP film market has undoubtedly been hindered by the weakness in the BOPP film sector in Western Europe. However, with demand
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The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

Cover Story

Identity document: challenges and solutions
By C S Jeena
With today’s technology, document can be easily duplicated and altered. Document tampering occurs frequently, however, inexpensive color copiers, scanners, and PC’s have made duplication easy and readily available. This is happening at an alarming rate, and every business is vulnerable. In most cases, the targets are government-issued documents such as passports, driver’s licenses, or national ID cards. The article highlight the issues related to document counterfeiting and the importance of hologram in document protection.

Human beings need some form of identity document. An identity document tells a story about the holder on the subject of the document. The objective is to enable other person to understand more about the subject and to identify them. Above all, an identity document needs to be trustworthy. An identity document (also called a piece of identification or ID, or colloquially as one’s ‘papers’) is any document which may be used to verify aspects of a person’s personal identity. If issued in the form of a small, mostly standard-sized card, it is usually called an identity card (IC). Countries which do not have formal identity documents may require informal documents. It could be an identity card or travel documents.

Identity documents:

in forms of animal skin, gems and stone to seals introduced to enable for example representatives of the King travelling for neighbouring States. Eventually, paper identity documents emerged as evidence of someone’s identity, and more in particular of the bearer’s position, with the request to grant safe passage to the bearer. Mostly, these documents served as a status symbol for the privileged rather than a form of identification. The need for reliable identity documents only became imminent when travel started to become more popular. The need for proper identity management became more obvious and compelling during World War I, when people started to realize the need to establish the identity of everybody who entered the fighting zone. In 1920, the League of Nations organized an international conference in order to work out common formats for passports and visa, including the layout, content and validity. Unfortunately, the effort was unsuccessful, due to lack of political will.
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Why have ID’s

In the middle age when people tend to live in clusters within village or tribes, personal documentation was not considered important at all. Nevertheless, many centuries ago identification tokens were

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Purpose of the identity document
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An identity document has a number of purposes; Proof of identity: These days, persons are asked to prove their identity when dealing with a Bank, entering a restricted area or completing an important transactions such as buying a house etc. etc. They have no need for a travel document and only need a trustworthy identity document for domestic use. For example an identity card, PAN Card, driving license, social security card, AADHAR card or medicare card. Facilitation of travel: A trustworthy identification document facilitates international travel because it provides a proven means for identification purpose and guarantees the return of the bearer to a designated place. Proof of Nationality: A travel document not only certified the nationality of the holder, but also indicates whether the holder has the right to return to the issuing country or his place of domicile, through a visa label or a stamp in the document.

conditions of stay laid down by the immigration authorities of the receiving country or region. Domestic Document: These type of document are mainly intended for various purpose within the country of origin. Such as Permanent Account Number (PAN Card), Driving License, Voter ID card etc. etc.

Challenges concerning identity documents

“The Federal Trade Commission estimates that as many as 9 million Americans have their identities stolen each year.” -

Due to their importance, identity documents are a continuous subject of fraudulent and criminal activities. These include forged and false documents, false identity and impersonation and human trafficking. i. Forged and false documents: Identity theft and ID counterfeiting are among the fastest growing types of crime, especially in highly industrialized countries. According to FBI statistics, it is the fastest growing crime in USA. The Federal Trade Commission estimates that as many as 9 million Americans have their identities stolen each year. Indeed, just to highlight the size of the problem, in April 2012 the European Parliament estimated that of the 6.5 million bio-metric passports in circulation in France between 500,000 and one million are ‘false’ having been obtained using counterfeit documents. In most cases, the targets are government - issued documents such as passports, driver’s licenses, or national ID cards. How ID are copied/ faked: According to various Organization, common examples of forged and false documents include; Counterfeit identity documents that emulate the

Common identity documents

An identity card is a generic term for various cards types such as social security cards, citizen’s cards, resident cards and driving licenses. These can be classified into Travel Document or Document used for Domestic purpose. Travel Documents: Travel document are documents intended for international travel, such as passports and certificates of identity, normally come in the shape of a booklet which can include a visa sticker and the
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Cover Story

features and characteristic of valid IDs issued by Government. For example, counterfeit driver license with an unexpired date. Valid identity documents, usually issued in the name of a fictitious or stolen identity, obtained through fraudulent means. Valid identity documents have been altered after issuance to change a name, photo image, age, or other biographic descriptor.

versus counterfeit identity documents. As an essential step, Government should issue a standard basic guidelines for document protection security such as; All document must be incorporated with overt, covert and forensic security features; A combination of security features with other level 2 and level 3 security features to form a layered approach. (See table) Specialised and secure card production materials designed to prevent counterfeiting and should be limited to access and costly to obtain. Use of technology that does more than verify a bar code. ID readers must be able to verify security features as well as bar codes digitally and nondigitally.

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“Terrorist group and homegrown extremists have used counterfeit ID’s to rent cars and trucks, and to buy chemicals or certain fertilizers to derive high potency explosive components. Example includes 11 September 2001 in USA and 26 November 2008 in Mumbai (India).”

Damaged caused by the duplicate/copies/fake IDs:

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The fake ID can impact National security, public safety and the Economy. While counterfeited ID use for financial gain harmed common consumer, the counterfeited Government ID’s can be a serious threat to national security and economy. Terrorist group and homegrown extremists have used counterfeit ID’s to rent cars and trucks, and to buy chemicals or certain fertilizers to derive high potency explosive components. Example includes 11 September 2001 in USA and 26 November 2008 in Mumbai (India).

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What can be done?

i. Common guidelines for stronger card security: With the lack of consistent standards across identification document, it is often difficult to give reasonable assurance of a given document authenticity. Improving the security of identity documents is a matter of urgent national security. Most Identity Document are not designed as secure documents, and therefore are no uniform security standards in place to assist the public and law enforcement in the recognition of genuine

ii. Training for enforcement officials: Officials involved in security of various premises including Army Personnel and Local Police should become trained in basic methods of identity document authentication, and have tools available to assist in differentiating fake IDs from valid IDs. For example reference guides to State Licenses are essential tools for authentication, as counterfeit driver licenses are most often used in States other than the State from which the document is counterfeited.

Hologram security:

There are many security features that can be applied to documents, both overt and covert and hologram are among one of the most effective authentication measures in the battle against document counterfeiting.

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Level 1

Feature Overt (visible with naked eyes)

Purpose for usage - a visible “public recognition feature” - Little or no training and no device required. - Examples such as hologram, optical variable ink, paper watermark etc. - Hidden features. - Requires some training and simple devide to validate. - Examples such as UV-fluorescence, micro-text etc. - Deeply hidden features. - Requires specialist knowledge and equipment to validate. - Examples such as various proprietary taggants, etc.

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Covert (non-visible with eyes)

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Forensic

Table: The use of security features levels

The role of a hologram on a passport and other identity documents is principally to shield against the forgery of the photograph and personal data, otherwise known as the ‘variable information’. However, the ability of the hologram to provide effective protection lies in the continuous innovation, invention and evolution of holographic techniques. Both optical effects and material science techniques have created authentication devices that are easily recognised yet difficult to copy accurately. They can be safely integrated within the production process and stand up to the rigorous demands of being in use for a period of anything up to ten years. According to Mr. Luv D Shriram,General Secretary & Treasurer (HoMAI), “Security hologram was used in document protection because it provides the best visual authentication. Electronic authentication is not possible everywhere especially in remote areas so it generate a requirement of an instant visual authentication like a security hologram with advanced levels of security features for authentication (One such exampleis Visa / Master Card which is continuously
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using security hologram as overt feature since1983). Conclusion With the lack of consistent standards across identification document, it is often difficult to give reasonable assurance of a given document authenticity. Improving the security of identity documents is a matter of urgent national security. Most Identity Document are not designed as secure documents, and therefore are no uniform security standards in place to assist the public and law enforcement in the recognition of genuine versus counterfeit identity documents. Governments and Organizations should understand that counterfeiters will attempt to counterfeit the document if it is least secure document. Therefore, we request that maximum security features recommended by Various Organization should be implemented for the benefits of public. These security features must be practical for document issuers to implement, easy for the public to recognize and provide specific identity features for law enforcement and forensic investigators.

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Guest Column

Innovation drives hologram ID document protection
It might be more than 65 years since the invention of the hologram but today the technology remains a potent weapon in the ongoing battle against the counterfeiters and organised criminal gangs seeking to take control of a multi-billion dollar trade in illicit passports, driving licenses and other fake ID documents. Ian Lancaster, general secretary of the International Hologram Manufacturers Association (IHMA), charts the rise of ID holograms over the last three decades since the first passport applications before turning the spotlight on some of the latest developments which will ensure holography remains a relevant and added value solution well into the future.

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he first metallised hologram to appear on an ID document was in 1984 on United Nations’ passports – these were simple authentication devices on the cover – quickly followed by passports for Brunei and Iraq, where the hologram appeared inside the passport, but still as an authentication device as opposed to protection for the personal data. It wasn’t until the 1990s that the first all-over transparent hologram appeared on a passport, this time on passports held by United Arab Emirates’ nationals. In this instance, the hologram was used not only as an authentication feature but also to protect the bio data contained within the passport. This required the development of new techniques for high refraction index (HRI) coating of the hologram. This marked a turning point because from this time onwards the number of passports issued with holograms as a laminate to protect the biodata page as a combined protection and authentication device steadily increased, so that now there are very few recent issues that use a hologram only as an authentication device.

In 1999, the European Union drafted security standards for passports which, in 2004, were incorporated with EC Resolution No 2252/2004 for minimum standards. These stipulated that ‘An optically variable (OVD) or equivalent device, which provides the same level of authentication and security as currently used in the uniform visa format, shall be used on the biographical data page and shall take the form of diffractive structures which vary from different angles incorporated into the hot-sealed or an equivalent laminate (as thin as possible) or applied as an OVD overlay, or stickers on a non-laminated paper inside page (as metallised or partially demetallised OVD with intaglio overprinting) or equivalent devices’. Another major driver for the inclusion of holographic technology on ID documents came in 2002 when the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) specified that passports should feature optically variable devices like holograms to combat counterfeiters, particularly in the wake of 9/11. MRTD (Machine Readable

Travel Documents) of ICAO Doc9303, Part 1 Passports, 6th Edition. This states that ‘When the biographical data page of a passport book is protected by a laminate or overlay, an optically variable feature (preferably based on diffractive structure) should be integrated into the page. Such a feature should not affect the legibility of the data…The inclusion of a diffractive optically variable feature is recommended to achieve an enhanced level of protection against reproduction’. So with the regulations governing passport standards within the European Union specifying holograms, plus ICAO also stipulating an optically variable device, more and more the technology is appearing as one of the front line weapons in thwarting passport counterfeiting, with the majority of these being the diffractive version. Today an estimated 80 countries feature holograms on their national passports, and according to a survey conducted by Keesing Reference Systems and presented in Dubai in last year, 55 % of passports now use an OVF – optically variable device - to protect the data on passports, and of this 67% are DOVIDS.
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Guest Column
The overall production of passports is estimated to be 150-300 million per year. This may fluctuate annually, but is undoubtedly set to continue growing as populations increase, and escalating numbers of people travel abroad. This allied to the fact that all ICAO member countries must now issue MRPs with ICAO recommending the use of OVDs, all but guarantees a growing market for holograms. Local factors will also see growth in the number of passports, such as the requirement for travellers between the USA and Canada to have a passport, not just a drivers’ licence or other ID as had been the case up until not so long ago. be appreciated. The intrinsic features of holograms mean that the techniques and visual effects make it difficult to copy 100% accurately an authentic security hologram. This has ensured their success – the document they protect may have been counterfeited but, whereas it can be relatively easy to simulate the effects of other overt features, a poorly copied hologram is more often than not the tell tale sign that all is not what it appears. Because a passport is probably the most important identification document, authentication alongside the protection of personal data (name, date of birth and photo) must be guaranteed. Effectively, holograms serve not only as a deterrent and secure means of protection and authentication, but also as a warning that it might be counterfeit. Therefore, a hologram is not solely to prevent counterfeits but acts as an effective detection device, making it easier for the trained eye to distinguish the legitimate from the fake. Passport production and critically, personalisation is exacting and has proved technically challenging for the holographic industry. However, it is one that manufacturers are responding to, with recent developments including a whole new generation of personalised photopolymer holograms which match the bio data contained within the passport. One example of this is an innovative new technology from Hologram.Industries called HoloID® which combines ID security with high speed in-line holographic personalisation. Utilising advanced photosensitive material to create unique colour patterns and animations, the technology provides precise control and colour modulation to create portraits, among other

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features. The information is recorded in the holographic laminate and the printed data on the substrate, providing an extremely high primary level of security that is virtually impossible to falsify. At a secondary level, data in the electronic chip also matches with the holographic and printed information to provide an extremely high level of security and authentication. Also making an impact in the battle for greater ID document security is Hologram.Industries’ DID® visual security device. Visually quite different from traditional holograms, this is a zero-order optical nanostructure combined with thin films. This is basically a 2 colors diffractive image appearing at the direct reflection angle which permutes when the document is rotated 90°. The technology has so far been adopted by around 20 countries around the world, including China last year, meet the requirement by authorities for a very easy to use but extremely difficult to imitate security device – to date, there has been no reported attempts to counterfeit the technology or even imitate its colour permutation effect. We are also seeing smart, or e-passport solutions, coming to the fore which combine print, optical and electronics security features to ensure authenticity and user flexibility. These comply with the requisite standards for international travel ID documents and have overt and covert security features such as visa pages containing custom paper and bespoke designs to combat counterfeiting. Optaglio’s OVMesh™ is an example of the latest generation of metallic holographic micro system of protection for e-passports as well as other documents such as ID cards and driving licenses against the threat of counterfeit.

Security shield

The role of a hologram on a passport and other identity documents is principally to shield against the forgery of the photograph and personal data, otherwise known as the ‘variable information’. However, the ability of the hologram to provide effective protection lies in the continuous innovation, invention and evolution of holographic techniques. Both optical effects and material science techniques have created authentication devices that are easily recognised yet difficult to copy accurately. They can be safely integrated within the production process and stand up to the rigorous demands of being in use for a period of anything up to ten years. Of course virtually anything can be copied, and the holographic industry continues to work hard to get the message across that even the most sophisticated holograms can be reproduced to some extent. The real debate is just how accurately can holograms be copied? The answer is not very accurately at all, and this is where the real value of holograms designed for security applications should
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Guest Column

This advanced technology can be incorporated as an integral part of the overall design. It features materials and a structure that combine to form a level of protection that also offers greater scope for the design of security features in accordance with the overall document design. We are also seeing the development of holographic technology that provides documents with visually appealing features, coupled with added security. Here, technology like 3M’s transparent hologram security laminate can offer protection against any attempts at counterfeiting or alteration. It shows a faint holographic image that indicates tampering while also providing protection against the wear and tear of everyday use, ensuring that printed information is readable and usable for the document’s intended life. The Kurz KINEGRAM® is an example of how the industry creates innovative anticounterfeiting solutions based on established and successful products. In particular, there are developments to use the technology to link with and protect the RFID chips now used on passports to improve security levels. One approach is to use a metallised KINEGRAM®/ moiré image combination with a transparent window. Here, when the data page of the document is tilted back and forth about the horizontal axis, the projected letters ‘OK’ are seen to move up and down with adjacent columns moving in opposite directions. Although the contour-based letters “OK” show strong contrast with respect to the background, these images cover very little surface area and therefore allow for sufficient see-through transparency to see the chip. Any

attempts to physically tamper with the chip module would then become immediately evident through the destruction of the KINEGRAM® structures. Another method is to use semitransparent KINEGRAM® elements with appropriate diffractive structures both above and below the chip module so that when the card is viewed from the top with back-light, the chip module can be inspected for evidence of tampering or damage. This effect relies on the interaction of the two DOVIDs placed on either side of the chip module. The upper foil DOVID is demetallised into a pattern of opaque and transparent linear raster, while the lower foil DOVID is demetallised into a pattern of opaque and transparent areas which forms images when viewed in transmission information layer. In the example shown, a DOVID with a fine raster of metallisation appears opaque when lighting comes from above, however, when back-lighting is used, a pattern of stars is seen in transmission along with a shadow of the chip module. Therefore, any attempt to physically access the chip module from either side of the document will become visually evident. Elsewhere, OpSec’s Holofuse™, a previous winner of the IHMA’s ‘Best Applied Security Product’ category at the Excellence in Holography Awards, is a holographic security laminate layer for PC ID cards. It therefore requires no additional card manufacturing stage, and the material bonds at the molecular level. It thwarts ID and passport counterfeiting because the holographic layer is essential and cannot be removed from the rest of the card. Another interesting development comes from Centro

Grafico DG whose OPS passport protection system provides passport data page protection. The system is constructed as super-thin polymeric membranes, which are specially formulated for infilling by colour laser printers: after welding these membrane on data page, it becomes practically impossible to alter personal data without destroying it.

Future challenges

It’s clear that holography continues to demonstrate an unquestionable ability to adapt and move with the times, remaining a highly effective and competitive counterfeiting deterrent, protecting not only the integrity of identity documents but adding real value in through more scope for design, functionality and user easeof-use. The challenge remains, as ever, for manufacturers to respond to changing customer requirements and keep onestep ahead of competing technologies through research and development and innovation. If the evidence of the last few years is anything to go by, then the future for holography in ID document security remains assured. The International Hologram Manufacturers Association (IHMA) is made up of nearly 100 of the world’s leading hologram companies. IHMA members are the leading producers and converters of holograms for banknote security, anticounterfeiting, brand protection, packaging, graphics and other commercial applications around the world. IHMA member companies actively cooperate to maintain the highest professional, security and quality standards. More at www.ihma.org.

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The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

Industry Updates

Counterfeit seizure report
The CSR report displays all the counterfeiting seizures reports in Indian newspaper. HOMAI compiled these reports from various newspapers in India and published on quarterly basis. The current report is for period July 2013-September 2013. For complete yearly report, email at info@homai.org.

D/M/Y 4-July-2013 5-July-2013

News Title Bogus ration card racket busted Fake passport racket busted in Kanpur

Sector Document Identity Document

Region Pune (Maharashtra) Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh) Surat, Gujarat

Reported in Media Times of India Times of India

26-July-2013 Fake driving licence racket busted at RTO 26-July-2013 Fake visa racket busted, 2 arrested 24-July-2013 Fake hallmarking units flourishing in India: BIS 23-July-2013 Fake certificate racket busted 25-July-2013 6 from Amritsar held with fake ITBP appointment letters 27-July-2013 Two held for fake documents racket

Identity Document

Times of India Times of India Times of India Times of India Times of India

Financial Document New Delhi BIS Products Identity Document Identity Document Chennai, Tamilnadu Kanpur, U.P. Amritsar, Punjab

Identity Document

Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

Times of India

21-July-2013 Officials to be booked for 12 Lakh fake ration cards 19-Aug-2013 Fake currency racket busted

Document Currency

Mumbai, Maharashtra Times of India Mumbai (Maharashtra) Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) Delhi Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh) Times of India

14-Sep-2013 Duplicate tobacco products seller held

Tobacco

The New Indian Express Business Standard Times of India

2-Sep-2013

Three held with fake notes

Currency Currency

16-Sep-2013 Two held with fake currency

24-Sep-2013 Fake degree scam 25-Sep-2013 Fake stamp papers valued at Rs 107 crore seized in Patna 26-Sep-2013 2 ‘foreigners’ arrested for travelling to Sharjah on fake passports 25-Sep-2013 Illicit arms factory busted, pistols seized

Document

Bangalore (Karnataka) Times of India NDTV

Financial Document Patna (Bihar)

Identity Document

Pune (Maharashtra)

The Indian Express

Arms & Ammuniation Liquor

Munger (Bihar)

INB Live

26-Sep-2013 160 cartons of illicit liquor seized, one held

Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh)

India TV

For detailed, subscribe to HoMAI press monitor or e-mail at info@homai.org

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Industry Updates

The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

Global patents
Publication DD.MM.YYYY 25.07.2013 Title WO/2013/108220 - Anticounterfeiting labeling system for products in general and for the download of multimedia products Int. Class G06Q 10/08 Application Number PCT/IB2013/050472 Applicant / Inventor ROMI, Giorgio

Brief Abstract: The present invention concerns a labeling system comprising : - A label (1) applicable on a product (100’) and provided with an identification code (5) of the product (100’)/ said identification code being covered with a non-transparent covering varnish or ink (2) of the removable type; - A server ( 15 ); - Characterized in that the identification code (5) is a Qr-code bi-dimensional bar code which is read through an external electronic device (10) in such a way that, following said reading, the external electronic device makes an Internet connection to said server ( 15 ). 25.07.2013 WO/2013/109290 - Feature resolution sensitivity for counterfeit determinations G06K 9/46 PCT/US2012/022120 Hewlett-packard development company, l.p / sturgill, malgorzata m.

Brief Abstract: A counterfeit identification performance attribute (CIPA) sensitivity to changes in resolution of the image for features of an image is determined (102). The CIPA sensitivity for the features is used to choose at least one feature to determine whether the image on a sample is a counterfeit (106). 25.07.2013 Wo/2013/107190 - Lock-type seal for electric energy meter G01R 11/24 PCT/CN2012/082468 China electric power research institute/ zheng, angang

Brief Abstract: A lock-type seal for an electric energy meter comprises a base (2) and a seal cover (1) which is arranged on the base (2). A counter bore (8) is arranged in the base (2); a screw (11) which is used for fixed connection to the body of an electric energy meter penetrates through the counter bore (8); the lower part of the seal cover (1) extends into the counter bore (8) of the base (2); a boss (13) which extends outwards is arranged on the external circumferential surface of the lower end of the seal cover (1); and an elastic bulge (9) is arranged along the inner wall of the counter bore (8) in the base (2) in the circumferential direction, and the lower end of the elastic bulge (9) inclines towards the inside of the base (2), extends downwards and abuts on the boss (13) of the seal cover (1). The lock-type seal for an electric energy meter need not thread a seal wire, need not align or match with each seal hole, and completely meets the production line automatic sealing requirements. The lock-type seal for an electric energy meter also has a long service life, convenient installation and firm fixation. On the premise of not breaking the seal of an electric energy meter, theft of electricity cannot be performed on the electric energy meter, thereby affording better theft protection, anti-counterfeiting and electricity theft-protection properties. 11.07.2013 20130179241 - Universal loyalty program and system, which can include aspects in food and medicine recall, anti-counterfeiting, anti-identity theft, anti-credit card fraud and more G06Q 30/02 13733665 Liu Jiwen

Brief Abstract: The present invention includes providing a universal loyalty program, such as, for example, a loyalty program that includes participation of multiple separately-owned large retail companies as well as users who are customers of each of the companies. Wide and large scale participation and data sharing, among companies or other entities as well as users, may be encouraged, incentivized, obtained and rewarded, such as through programs provided by the universal loyalty program. Such programs may include, among others, a food recall related program, a medicine recall related program, an anti-counterfeiting program, a credit card fraud prevention program, and an anti-identity theft program. Moreover, the universal loyalty program, as well as the other programs, may themselves benefit and be strengthened by the wide and large scale participation, including the resulting wide and large scale data sharing, collection, mining and uses afforded in part thereby.

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The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

Industry Updates

Upcoming events
Date Nov 7-9, 2013 Event Name / Place / Website The Holography Conference New Delhi/NCR www.theholographyconference.com CARTES Paris, France www.cartes.com Label Expo Asia 2013 Shanghai www.labelexpo-asia.com Intergraf Vienna, Austria www.securityprinters.org CARTES ASIA Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Centre www.cartes-asia.com Pharma Pro Pack Expo 2014 Mumbai, India www.pharmapropack.com Interpack Dusseldorf, Germany www.interpack.com

PUBLISHED BY

Hologram Manufacturer Association of India (HoMAI)

EDITORIAL TEAM
Issue Editor Advisor Designed & Printed by

: C S Jeena

: Mr. Pradip H Shroff Mr. Manoj Kochar : EYEDEA Advertising 1250/13, Govindpuri, Kalkaji, New Delhi-19 (India)
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Nov 19-21, 2013

Dec 03-06, 2013

Dec 04-06, 2013

The Holography Times is a quarterly newsletter published by HOMAI with an aim to provide latest developments, research, articles, patents and industry news to a wide audience related to Holography in Indian and World. The editorial team welcomes your news, contributions and comments. Please send your product updates, press releases, conference announcements or other contributions to HoMAI: 21-Ground Floor, Devika Tower 6 Nehru Place, New Delhi 110019, India Telfax: +91 (11) 41617369 Email: info@homai.org, Website: www.homai.org Disclaimer: The data used here are from various published and electronically available primary and secondary sources. Despite due diligence the source data may contain occasional errors. In such instances, HoMAI would not be responsible for such errors.

Mar 19-20, 2014

Apr 24-26, 2014

May 08-14, 2014

Beware counterfeiting

About HoMAI The Hologram Manufacturers Association of India (HoMAI) is the world’s 2nd and Asia only association representing hologram industry.

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The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

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The Holography Times Vol. 7, Issue 22

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