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WANTED:

A Just Right Government

Wanted: A government that


Has enough ________ to do its job
Doesnt give anyone too ______ power

much say states

Considers the needs of all _________


Lets people have a ________ Protects individual __________

power
rights

The Articles of Confederation

group A confederation is a _________ of individuals _______ united together for a _________. purpose

The Articles of Confederation


independent Each state was _________________ and had its government own ________________. representatives to the Each state would send _______________ Congress of the Confederation. central The Congress was the only ____________ government. There was no ___________. President In Congress, each state got _______ vote. one

A Rocky Relationship
Hey, this sounds great! Wait! Not so fast

States get to keep their Congress had no way to power and independence enforce laws ______ ____________ __________ its _______!

No _____________ government telling the states what to do

Congress had the power to military to create a _________ The Articles could only be protect changed if ______ ALL the ________all the states _________ states agreed!

Congress had no power to taxes collect _________ to pay for the military!

QUICK QUIZ!
THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

Under the Articles of Confederation, a President would lead the country. True False

Under the Articles of Confederation, states would be independent. True False

The Articles of Confederation were easy to change. True False

Under the Articles, states with more people got more votes in Congress. True False

Under the Articles, Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. True False

Under the Articles, Congress could pass laws and force states to follow them. True False

The Articles of Confederation created the first American government. True False

QUICK QUIZ!
IRRECONCILABLE DIFFERENCES?

Everyone thought the central government should have more power. True False

Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. True False

Different states had different needs for government to meet. True

False

The states all got along with each other.

True False

The government created by the Articles of Confederation had everything under control among the states.

True False

A New Idea!
Articles of Confederation New Idea

1 Branch Legislativemakes laws

3 Branches

Battle of the Plans


The Virginia Plan
2 Legislative branch has ___ chambers

The New Jersey Plan


1 Legislative branch has ___ chamber

Number of votes for each state depends on the population states ___________
Larger states would ________ have more power

Each state gets ___ 1 vote


Smaller states would ________ have more power

(Virginia was a large state, and New Jersey was a small state. Surprise!)

The Constitution Solution


Legislative: Makes laws

Divide Congress Into Two Houses


Senate Each state gets 2 votes. House of Representatives The more people the state has, the more votes it gets!

QUICK QUIZ!
THE CONSTITUTION SOLUTION

The Articles required states to treat citizens from other states the same as their own citizens. True False

The Constitution requires each state to treat ________ citizens of other states the ______ same as it treats its own citizens.

How many states had to agree in order for the Articles of Confederation to be changed? All states A majority of states

The Constitution can be changed if ________________ two-thirds (2/3) of the members of Congress and ________________ three-fourths (3/4) of the states agree.

The Articles of Confederation required states to follow the laws Congress passed. True False

The Constitution says that the laws passed by Congress are _________ superior to laws passed by the _______. states

Under the Constitution, laws are made by the _______ branch.

executive legislative

Under the Constitution, laws passed by Congress are ___ to state laws.

superior

B
inferior

Under the Constitution, Congress has ______.

1 chamber 2 chambers

Under the Constitution, each state gets two votes in the _______.

A
House of Representatives

Senate

Under the Constitution, the number of votes each state gets in the House of Representatives is based on its _____.

A
Population

B
Taxes

Under the Constitution, a change to the Constitution must be approved by ____.

A
All States

of States

QUICK QUIZ!
ARTICLES VS. CONSTITUTION

A) Created a president

Both Constitution Articles

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

B) Created a government

Both Constitution Articles

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

A B

C) Had one branch of government


Both Constitution Articles

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

A B

D) Had enough power to do its job


Both Constitution Articles

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

A D B

E) Created a court system

Both Constitution Articles

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

A D E B

F) Gave large and small states the same power


Both Constitution Articles

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

A D E B

G) Created a Congress

Both Constitution Articles

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

A D E

G B

H) Compromised between large and small states


Both Constitution

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

A D

Articles

G B
E

I) Created a military

Both Constitution

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

A D

Articles

G B
E

I) Didnt let Congress enforce its laws


Both Constitution

Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both.

A D

J C

Articles

G B
E