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Country: Afghanistan

C26 C131
0 currency/ index 0

I. Convention Ratification (1= Yes)

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011 Source(s)*

II. Nominal wage indicators


Nominal gross mean average monthly wages Series 1 Series 2 Series 3 Series 4 Nominal gross mean average monthly wages - women Nominal gross mean average monthly wages - men Nominal gross median monthly wages

III. Real wage indicators


Real gross mean average monthly wage growth per cent Real gross mean average monthly wages

IV. Minimum wage


Nominal monthly minimum wage afghanis 4000 5000

V. Wage inequality indicators


D9/D1 D5/D1 D9/D5 Low pay incidence (Percent women) Low pay incidence (women) Gini coefficient

VI. Wage share indicators


Adjusted wage share Unadjusted wage share

*Source: ILO Global Wage Database - for detailed source information, please see the detailed tabs of the respective indicators contained in this Excel workbook.

country Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea-Bissau Guinea Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China)

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

2006 6.6

2007 4.7

2008

2009

2010

2011

7.6 13.6 -12.7

-3.0

6.2

-0.8

16.9

-5.3

8.6

1.4 -10.8

4.2 -20.1

-8.9 -3.0

-5.3 -4.1

-0.4 0.3

-8.1 4.2

-6.3

-3.7 -0.3 0.6

-2.4 1.1 6.0

-1.8 0.9 -9.2

14.0 3.8 10.6

5.0 1.7 11.3

3.1 2.8 2.3

0.1 2.2

1.4

1.0

-0.2

4.0

9.7

2.7

1.6 4.7

1.7 7.9

0.2 -16.5

2.3 -3.4

1.4 -0.3

3.2 5.9

11.1

-11.3

2.7

12.8

0.5

12.9 2.0

13.4 1.7

10.7 -4.0

12.6

9.8 1.9 4.1

India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

-2.1 -6.0 8.0 3.4 0.2 0.0 20.8 142.5 -0.5

-2.3 -1.5 0.0 2.9 1.2 3.2 25.2 1.5 3.7 7.1 -1.0 4.0 -4.8 0.7

-1.6 -2.7 -9.1 -1.5 -0.8 -3.2 25.0 11.2 4.7 3.5 -4.3 -1.1 -4.4 4.5

-2.5 0.8 3.0 -3.3 1.8 0.0 3.1 4.4 -1.8 1.0 -3.2

2.1 6.4 -2.8 3.0 10.1 4.0 3.2 4.5 2.6 1.6 2.7

-4.0 -12.5 -1.7 3.3 3.9 13.5 14.9 -0.9 -0.8 0.7

0.5 2.2 1.1 1.5

-1.6

3.2 9.5 2.2 -0.4 -0.9 3.3 1.8 0.0 -0.7 0.9 -1.8 0.7 1.0 -3.4 -1.1 -0.3 -0.7 0.2 2.3 -2.3 -0.2 0.3 2.4 -0.2 1.7 1.5 1.4 -2.8 2.7 2.8 -1.1 -0.1 0.1 -1.9 0.7 -7.0 2.2 5.3

3.3

0.7 2.2 -0.1 3.6 0.4 2.8 3.1 11.6 1.8 0.5 -1.0 3.2 4.1

2.3 0.9 -1.2 11.1 2.1 2.8 4.4 13.0 2.2 1.5 -0.8 5.0 0.0 6.1 6.2 0.1 -0.1 19.7 18.2 1.5 1.8 0.4 5.0 4.9 5.3 0.7 16.2 7.5 2.5 1.1 1.5 0.9 0.7 21.6 17.4 24.2

-0.8 0.1 -0.2 13.0 0.5 1.6 0.7 3.2 1.2 0.5 -0.5 -3.1 1.3 -4.9 -1.1 -0.8 -1.9 4.4 13.8 0.0 1.1 0.0 5.6 1.9 17.0 3.5 2.5 0.9 1.7 -0.4 0.7 -1.1 21.3 12.8 5.3

2.4 1.9 3.9 9.1 1.2 2.7 0.2 -4.9 1.6 1.3 -0.6 9.5 -3.5 -8.0 1.7 -2.9 -0.6 -1.9 -6.8 1.4 2.0 -0.1 0.1 1.3 1.9 3.5 -0.8 3.0 2.5 3.5 0.9 2.6 -0.5 1.5 3.0 15.8 6.9

0.7 -1.4 5.6 -0.4 -6.4 0.7

0.8 1.3 0.8 -1.6 -1.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.9 1.5 -1.5 2.5 1.1

-0.3 0.9 -0.2 15.2 16.1 0.8 1.7 -0.3 2.3 3.8 -0.1 11.1 2.5 3.1 1.2 1.4 0.1

-1.1 -1.9 0.7 0.7 -3.5 -0.2

6.7 17.0 11.2

1.5

Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

17.3 2.9 24.6 10.3 18.5 14.2 13.3 12.4 26.5 4.6 3.3 18.4

10.0 3.4 21.2 16.1 10.2 8.3 17.3 14.2 24.1 2.5 5.5 15.0

9.0 8.6 1.2 32.1 -1.0 8.8 8.7 11.5 4.9 17.8 0.3 0.1 4.1 6.8

0.1 8.6 -0.4 2.3 3.2 7.3 8.6 -3.5 -10.6 15.3 15.0 -7.7 15.2 -8.9

15.0 -1.0 -0.8 0.2 7.6 8.0 0.7 5.2 1.2 17.1 -0.5 6.7 5.0

7.1 12.2 -0.2 4.3 -0.1 -2.6 8.0 7.5 8.9

4.0 2.0 3.8 1.6 -0.4 0.2 -3.6 0.2 -5.2 1.3 3.5 -1.1 1.6 3.7 2.5 1.4 5.5 -1.5

3.2 2.8 -0.3 1.4 4.1 9.8 0.7 1.1 -9.1 6.1 1.4 0.6 1.5 -7.3 1.3 0.8 6.1 0.1

3.4 -0.3 -1.7 -2.0 -0.6 -3.6 -4.8

3.2 4.8 1.2 10.1 2.2 0.9 3.9

3.8 2.2 2.7 3.0

2.7 2.5 -0.2 6.3

6.4 -3.3

2.8

-0.4 -6.2 0.2 -10.2 -3.1 -0.6 4.4 -2.0

2.1 -6.8 -1.0 8.5 2.0 3.9 5.8 3.0

-5.7 -12.8 -0.9 -0.3 7.4 1.7 -2.1 -1.5

10.3 0.8 -3.2 3.1 4.0

4.4 -2.5 0.6 -2.7

4.8 5.2 4.1 5.4 5.1 6.7 -2.5 -0.9 4.8 -1.2

3.5 -4.1 5.5 0.7 0.3 -2.1 1.8 -6.9 2.3 -2.7 -0.2

7.3 -4.6 -4.0 5.0 3.1 1.5 10.7 -2.7 1.6 0.9

3.3 -4.7 4.4 2.3 0.7 -3.2

4.0 4.2

-2.1 -4.8 -3.5

5.9 4.9

Count country name 1 Algeria 1 Angola 1 Benin 1 Botswana 2 Botswana 1 Burkina Faso 1 Burundi 1 Cameroon 1 Cape Verde 1 Central African Republic 1 Chad 1 Comoros 1 Congo 1 Cte d'Ivoire 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 Egypt 2 Egypt 1 Equatorial Guinea 1 Eritrea 1 Ethiopia 1 Gabon 1 Gambia 1 Ghana 1 Guinea 1 Guinea-Bissau 1 Kenya 1 Lesotho 1 Liberia 1 Libya 1 Madagascar 1 Malawi 1 Mali 1 Mauritania 1 Mauritius 1 Morocco 1 Mozambique 1 Namibia 1 Niger 1 Nigeria 1 Reunion 1 Rwanda 1 Senegal 1 Sierra Leone 1 Somalia 1 South Africa 1 Sudan 1 Swaziland 1 Tanzania, United Republic of 1 Togo 1 Tunisia 1 Uganda 1 Zambia 1 Zimbabwe 1 Afghanistan 1 Bangladesh 2 Bangladesh 1 Bhutan 1 Brunei 1 Cambodia 1 China

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator definition currency/index 1995 1996 1997 average nominal gross wages averagealgerian nominal dinars monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagepula nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagepula nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageFCFA nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageburundi nominal francs monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageFCFA nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagecongolese nominal monthly franc wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageegyptian nominalpound monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageegyptian nominalpound monthly wages in local currency 429 units 464 average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagenakfa nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageFCFA nominal monthly wages 522774 in local currency 523808 units 549439 average nominal gross wages averagedalasi nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageghana nominal cedi monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagekenyan nominal shilling monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units 712 average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagemalagasy nominal monthly franc (2001-2004); wages in local ariary currency (2005)units average nominal gross wages averagekwacha nominal monthly wages 786 in local currency 944 units 1093 average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagerupees nominal monthly wages 5389 in local currency 5767 units 6461 average nominal gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageCFA nominal franc monthly wages 143496 in local currency 137288 units 154230 average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagerand nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageswazi nominal emalangeni monthly wages 1091 in local currency 1185 units 1394 average nominal gross wages averagetanzanian nominal monthly shilling wages 75361 in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageshilling nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagezambian nominalkwacha monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagezimbabwean nominal monthly dollarwages 1635 in local currency 2170 units 3064 average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency 1900 units 1989 average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageyuan nominal monthly wages 458 in local currency 518 units 539

1998

1999

2000

2001 20567

2002

2003 21811

2004 22627

2005 21414

2006 23355

2007 25329

2008

2009

2010

1655

1780

2011 39700

2288

2452

2652

2965

3312 57154

3653 74281

3916 81707

3793 4461

4364

112675

115351

119963 10442 897 897

121736

490

620 620

702 702

667 667

706 706

754 754

823 823

992 992

1092 1092

1426

1569

1902

539090 1975

490251

501753 95

723

863

905

839

18151 889

19729 862

23058 952

24524 1057

26374 1003

28661 875

30325 940

31734 953

32844 989

1291

3532

4609

210856 5860

13392

473485 15550

82550 19530

20850

6883

7479

8178

8701

9159

9826

11103 100 100

12061 101 115

12632 104 131

13397 107 150

14440 112 151

16883 118 172

18247 121 215

2145 167023 168577 165498 275080 177667 188771 201356 203618

2177 177987 211953

2234 221180

2295

7655 1585 1706 1755 49954 7 5 5 6 5 237542 5 245679 293621

8281

9235

10237

11715

98454 6 274291 5 316029 5 283052 6 312372 6 340698

3860 2141

5873 2259

11063 2390

15200 2489

27938 2637 2926 3111 3293 1485 3906 3779 4227 5025 5460 2553

621

693

778

903

1031

1164

178793 1327

1517

1738

290371 2060

2408

314665 2687

3045

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 5 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

Count country name 2 China 1 Fiji 1 Hong Kong (China) 1 India 1 Indonesia 1 Iran, Islamic Republic of 1 Korea (North) 1 Korea, Republic of 1 Lao People's Democratic Republic 1 Macau (China) 1 Malaysia 1 Maldives, Republic of 1 Mongolia 1 Myanmar 1 Nepal 2 Nepal 1 Pakistan 1 Papua New Guinea 1 Philippines 1 Singapore 1 Solomon Islands 1 Sri Lanka 1 Taiwan (China) 1 Thailand 1 Timor-Leste 1 Viet Nam 2 Viet Nam 3 Viet Nam 1 Australia 2 Australia 1 Austria 2 Austria 1 Belgium 2 Belgium 3 Belgium 1 Bulgaria 2 Bulgaria 3 Bulgaria 1 Canada 1 Cyprus 2 Cyprus 3 Cyprus 4 Cyprus 1 Czech Republic 2 Czech Republic 3 Czech Republic 1 Denmark 2 Denmark 3 Denmark 4 Denmark 1 Estonia 1 Finland 2 Finland 1 France 2 France 3 France 4 France 1 Germany 1 Greece 2 Greece

region indicator definition currency/index 1995 1996 1997 Asia average nominal gross wages averageyuan nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagefiji nominal dollar monthly wages in local currency 406 units 380 Asia average nominal gross wages averagehong nominal kong monthly dollar wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagerupee nominal monthly wages 2633 in local currency 3054 units 3070 Asia average nominal gross wages averageindonesian nominal monthly rupiah wages in local currency 184800 units 215450 Asia average nominal gross wages averagerial nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagesouth nominal korean monthly won wages 1222097 in local currency 1367501 units 1463300 Asia average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagemacau nominal pataca monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averageringgit nominal monthly wages 1043 in local currency 1154 units 1255 Asia average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagetugrik nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagekyat nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagerupee nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagerupee nominal monthly wages 2328 in local currency units 2986 Asia average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagephilippine nominal monthly peso wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagesingapore nominal monthly dollar wages 2219 in local currency 2347 units 2480 Asia average nominal gross wages averagesolomon nominalislands monthly dollar744 wages in local currency 1067 units Asia average nominal gross wages averagesri nominal lankanmonthly rupee wages in local currency units 3122 Asia average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages 35389 in local currency 36699 units 38489 Asia average nominal gross wages averagebaht nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averageunited nominal states monthly dollarwages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagedong nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagedong nominal monthly wages in local currency units Asia average nominal gross wages averagedong nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageaustralian nominal monthly dollars wages 2386 in local currency 2456 units 2530 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageaustralian nominal monthly dollars wages 2305 in local currency units 2535 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages 2260 in local currency 2280 units 2310 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1866 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency 2428 units 2408 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagelev nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagelev nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagelev nominal monthly wages 8 in local currency 13 units 128 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagecanadian nominal dollar monthly wages 2594 in local currency 2648 units 2702 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency 1082 units 1168 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageczech nominal crown monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageczech nominal crown monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageczech nominal crown monthly wages 8307 in local currency 9825 units 10802 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagedanish nominal krone monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagedanish nominal krone monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagedanish nominal krone monthly wages in local currency 22309 units 22597 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuros nominal monthly wages 152 in local currency 191 units 228 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagefinish nominal markkaa monthly (1995-2000); wages 10702 in local eurocurrency 11166 (2001-2010) units 11261 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages 1752 in local currency 1794 units 1819 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency 2091 units 2129 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages 2017 in local currency 2041 units 2042 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units

1998 376 3243 253475

1999 393 3251 312425

2000

2001

2002

2003 452 10807 4015 722000 889121

2004 469 10543 4173 842125 1112529

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009 1517 11107 5675 1154050 2514227

2010 1730 11578 6273 1294475 2747834

3490 389150

3758 528200

10965 3838 656275 732434

10532 4247 914125 1351832

10956 4398 971225 1632875

11369 4684 1019000 1933591

11375 5187 1096475 2203885

1426797 1543600

1667542 1752382 1947774 2127401 2254889 2404385 2541886 2560570 2639657 2622024 2780735 4116 1454 62300 3270 4043 1501 65200 3473 3979 1576 71250 3850 3981 1638 81450 4114 4157 1695 93025 5441 4335 1858 101225 5744 102 4569 1925 127725 17599 109 4994 6400 3444 6156 43163 7389 6831 3554 6848 43493 7851 4883 2026 4140 172975 23743 121 5768 6955 3773 7556 44414 8085 5259 2066 274150 32332 135 5117 6612 7275 3977 8839 44424 8913 5415 2079 300450 158 7635 7583 3872 6130 2199 341450 181 8623 7995 4089

1289

1364

2143 3052 3157 5798 3134 4356 41960 6663 3432 5905 3158 5056 41530 6611 6002 3213 5308 42065 6759 4088 6106 3329 5764 42685 6915

2740 3487 39673

2813 3672 40842

3063 3980 41861

42176 8694

44430 9262 174 2106100 2519000

578403 2600 2583 2390 1905 2639 2704 2450 1943 2089 2558 2760 2856 2520 1987 2151 81 2637 225 224 225 2841 1411 1361 13219 13614 2884 2977 2580 2003 2233 84 2759 240 242 240 2848 1483 1412 14378 14793

2468

183 2742

201 2775 1317

642084 116400 2992 3064 2650 2035 2264 86 2861 258 258 258 2917 1558 1478 15524 15866

3146 3181 2690 2064 2370 88 2887 273 274 273 2994 1654 1534 16430 16917

787188 158400 3258 3319 2720 2092 2467 91 2975 292 291 292 3075 1722 1508 1608 17466 18041

3431 3497 2790 2142 2503 93 3056 324 319 324 3196 1815 1567 1712 21674 18344 18922 101 32961 29515 516 2555 2497 2520 91 2270 2543 2227 1776 1491

1023434 218000 3579 3735 2900 2208 2560 95 3140 360 349 360 3275 1900 1642 1776 22908 19546 20219 105 33840 30027 601 2634 2570 2580 94 2341 2614 2244 1894 1543

1427180 3748 4013 2990 2288 2576 97 431 421 431 3416 1968 1703 24604 20957 21694 109 35461 33009 725 2734 2653 2660 96 2395 2276 2047 1605 3881 4150 3090 2355 2687 100 545 517 524 3514 2064 1829 26349 22592 23430 113 36372 825 2876 2814 2758 99 2478 2327 2067 1697 4046 4312 3160 2378 2792 104 609 585 3568 2130 1906 26677 23344 35388 117 37593 784 2971 2955 2798 101 2528 2319 2295 1794 4253 4485 3200 2393 2831 107 648 642 3697 1931 1952 26881 23797 36538 120 38943 792 3043 3032 103 2561 2368 1718

1226

1263

11801

12797

23253 264 11667 2127 1843 2148 2059

24484 285 12044 2162 79 1883 2195 2084

28416 25444 314 12658 2180 81 1935 2226 2112 1224 1145

29971 25872 352 2209 2230 83 1997 2285 2153 1324 1182

30524 26983 393 2287 2430 85 2076 2349 2183 1398 1311

31589 27674 430 2372 2490 87 2134 2404 2208 1654 1392

31813 28595 466 2459 2440 89 2206 2467 2219 1745 1462

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 6 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

Count country name 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 Hungary Iceland Ireland Ireland Israel Israel Italy Italy Japan Latvia Latvia Lithuania Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Malta Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovakia Slovenia Slovenia Spain Spain Sweden Sweden Switzerland Switzerland United Kingdom United States United States Albania Albania Armenia Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Croatia Georgia Georgia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan Tajikistan

region

indicator

definition

currency/index

1995

1996

1997

1998 67764 135000

1999 77187 148000

2000 87645 165000

2001 103553 184000

2002 122482 196000

2003 137193 210000 2455 6908 6859 1813 329800 192 193 1073 1073 3299 987 991 111 2040 2833 27261 2185 850 664 15359 477 1057 1490 1602 22800 26240 1.40 1752 2245 18522 18522 34783 34783 77 250686 771 5599 5623 126 126 23128 1916 891 5499 5499 16612 45 46

2004 145520 220000

2005 158343 248000

2006 171351 272000 2934 7180 7466 2003 102 330900 302 302 1496 1496 3635 1057 972 2027 116 3199 30539 2476 934 1146 19774 623 1244 1213 1647 1763 25000 28890 6617 1.20 1907 2461 21842 21842 62293 62293 149 582166 887 6575 6634 278 278 40790 3270 1697 10634 10634 31745 116 122

2007 185018 303000 2979 7662 7628 2045 105 330600 398 398 1802 1802 3774 1083 2068 118 3438 32263 2673 963 1396 21658 669 1322 1285 1713 25800 29940 1.60 1964 3143 2557 27350 27350 74227 74227 216 694045 954 974 6995 7047 368 379 368 52479 3970 2065 13593 13593 38744 163 170

2008 198741 324000 3063 3103 7922 7921 2099 108 328800 479 479 2152 2152 3915 1134 2136 122 3573 34100 2942 1008 1761 23288 723 1431 1391 1800 27100

2009 199837 334000 3064 3057 7947 7974 2102 112 318100 461 2056 4007 1154 2229 126 3651 35300 3102 1034 1845 803 745 1479 1439 1858 27900

2010 202525 348000 3006 8100 8247 2141 114 323000 445 1988 4110 1205 2245 127 3798 36700 3225 1902 831 769 1549 1495 1875 28400

Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageforint nominal monthly wages 38900 in local currency 46837 units 57270 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagekrona nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagenew nominal israelmonthly shekel wages 4083 in local currency 4572 units 5450 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagenew nominal israelmonthly shekel wages 4312 in local currency 4876 units 5442 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages 1483 in local currency 1549 units 1611 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageyen nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagelats nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagelats nominal monthly wages 90 in local currency 99 units 120 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagelitas nominal monthly wages 481 in local currency 618 units 778 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagelitas nominal monthly wages 481 in local currency 618 units 778 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages 2618 in local currency 2663 units 2717 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency 777 units 845 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages 1591 in local currency 1616 units 1656 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagenew nominal zealand monthly dollarwages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagekroner nominal monthly wages in local currency units 20126 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagezloty nominal monthly wages 691 in local currency 874 units 1066 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages 584 in local currency 620 units 639 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageleu nominal monthly wages 28 in local currency 43 units 84 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageslovak nominal koruna monthly (2002-2008); wages in local euro currency (2009+) units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageslovenian nominal monthly tolar (2004); wages euro in local (2005+) currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency 1337 units 1349 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageswedish nominal krona monthly wages 16000 in local currency 17000 units 17900 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageswedish nominal krona monthly wages in local currency 19900 units 20700 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageswiss nominal francs monthly wages in local currency 5539 units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagenominal nominalwage monthly growth wages in local currency units 1.30 1.30 0.50 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averagepounds nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1354 Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageunited nominal states monthly dollarwages in local currency units Developed Economies average nominal gross wages averageunited nominal states monthly dollarwages 1734 in local currency 1791 units 1871 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averageleks nominal monthly wages in local currency units Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averageleks nominal monthly wages 6406 in local currency 8638 units 9063 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagedrams nominal monthly wages in local currency 9469 units 13581 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagedrams nominal monthly wages 7060 in local currency 9469 units 13581 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagemanat nominal monthly wages 13 in local currency 18 units 28 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagebelarusian nominal monthly ruble wages 755129 in local currency 1212157 units 2270110 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averageconvertible nominal monthly mark (BAM) wages in local currency units Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averageconvertible nominal monthly mark (BAM) wages 77 in local currency 296 units 398 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagekuna nominal monthly wages 2887 in local currency 3243 units 3668 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagekuna nominal monthly wages 2887 in local currency 3243 units 3668 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagelari nominal monthly wages in local currency units Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagelari nominal monthly wages in local currency units Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagelari nominal monthly wages 14 in local currency 29 units 43 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagetenge nominal monthly wages 4786 in local currency 6841 units 8541 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagesoms nominal monthly wages 368 in local currency 491 units 680 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagelei nominal monthly wages 143 in local currency 187 units 220 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averageroubles nominal monthly wages 472 in local currency 790 units 950 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averageroubles nominal monthly wages 472 in local currency 790 units 950 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagedinar nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1324 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagesomoni nominal monthly wages 1 in local currency 3 units 5 Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagesomoni nominal monthly wages in local currency 3 units 5

5830 5859 1651

6301 6323 1685 325900

6662 6791 1733 330000 150 971 971 2990 888

6975 7072 1798 333300 159 159 982 982 3145 920 998 104 1934 2638 24699 2045 422 410 895 1380 1481 21300 24530 2.50 1620 2140 14820 14820 24483 24483 52 123021 652 5061 5061 95 95 17303 1455 544 3240 3240 8691 24 24

7070 7023 1806 329200 173 173 1014 1014 3204 972 1008 108 1985 2685 26357 2098 817 532 14597 448 982 1432 1539 22100 25550 6184 1.80 1697 2196 16541 16541 27324 27324 63 189232 710 5366 5366 114 114 20323 1684 692 4360 4360 13260 33 34

6972 7000 1876 330200 211 211 1149 1149 3381 982 994 113 2061 2927 28242 2273 877 818 17042 525 266522 1117 1534 1652 23600 27130 6385 0.90 1792 2293 19039 19039 43445 43445 99 347519 785 5916 5985 157 157 28329 2240 1103 6740 6740 20555 62 63

7054 7219 1941 330800 246 246 1276 1276 3511 1014 932 113 2091 3104 29159 2361 907 968 18504 573 1178 1157 1572 1703 24300 28080 1.00 1832 2359 19993 19993 52060 52060 124 463741 821 6192 6248 204 204 34060 2613 1319 8555 8555 25514 84 89

133 930 930 2778 895

141 987 987 2872 967

1717 2429 21620 1233 678 132

1769 2469 22515 1697 700 192

100 1819 2526 23614 1894 729 284 379 800 1335 1453 20500 23450 5937 1.30 1536 2085 13355 13355 22706 22706 44 58916 626 4869 4869 72 72 14374 1227 408 2223 2223 3799 16 16

1377 18600 21740 5744 0.70 1424 1944

1420 19400 22470 0.30 1477

31240
6879 2.00 2051 3228 2634 34277 87406 91331 274 868169 1113 7507 7544 535 551 535 60805 5378 2530 17290 17290 45674 232 243

32170
2.10 2084 3264 2674 36075 96019 298 998282 1204 7655 7711 557 572 67333 6161 2748 18638 44147 284 306

32660
7030 0.80 2113 3340 2760 34767 102652 332 1217313 1217 7677 7679 598 609 77611 7189 2972 20952 47450 354

2007 12118 10894 12118 18000 20157 18000 20157 34 37 4635191 19580823 506 4131 4131 55 55 9683 841 250 1052 1052 1702 9 9 551 4551 4551 68 68 11864 1050 305 1523 1523 1992 12 12

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 7 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

Count country name region indicator definition currency/index 1995 1996 1997 1 The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagedinar nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagedinar nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Turkey Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Turkey Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averageturkish nominal lira monthly wages in local currency units 3 Turkey Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averageturkish nominal lira monthly wages in local currency units 1 Turkmenistan Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagemanat nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Turkmenistan Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagemanat nominal monthly wages 2 in local currency 14 units 37 1 Ukraine Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagehryvnia nominal monthly wages 73 in local currency 126 units 143 1 Uzbekistan Eastern Europe average and Central nominal gross Asia wages averagesum nominal monthly wages 1066 in local currency 2155 units 3215 1 Argentina Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Argentina Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageargentine nominal monthly peso wages in local currency 589 units 585 1 Bahamas (The) Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Barbados Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Belize Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagebolivianos nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Brazil Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagebrazilian nominal real monthly wages in local currency units 2 Brazil Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagebrazilian nominal real monthly wages 399 in local currency 452 units 477 1 Chile Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Chile Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagechilean nominal peso monthly wages 170066 in local currency 188840 units 205535 3 Chile Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagechilean nominal peso monthly wages in local currency units 1 Colombia Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Colombia Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagecolombian nominal monthly peso wages 244105 in local currency 296768 units 367567 1 Costa Rica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagecolon nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Costa Rica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagecolon nominal monthly wages 54787 in local currency 63755 units 72689 3 Costa Rica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagecolon nominal monthly wages 66811 in local currency 78519 units 91040 1 Cuba Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagecuban nominal peso monthly wages in local currency units 1 Dominican Republic Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagedominican nominal monthly peso wages in local currency units 1 Ecuador Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Ecuador Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageunited nominal states monthly dollarwages 180 in local currency 189 units 217 1 El Salvador Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageunited nominal states monthly dollarwages in local currency units 1 Guadeloupe Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Guadeloupe Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagefrench nominal franc monthly (1998-1999); wages in euro local (2000-2001) currency units 1 Guatemala Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagequetzal nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Guyana Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Haiti Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Honduras Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagelempira nominal monthly wages 1196 in local currency 1453 units 1802 1 Jamaica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagejamaican nominal dollar monthly wages in local currency units 1 Martinique Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageeuro nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Martinique Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagefrench nominal franc monthly (1998-1999); wages in euro local (2000-2001) currency units 1 Mexico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagepesos nominal monthly wages 1470 in local currency 1758 units 2086 2 Mexico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagepesos nominal monthly wages in local currency units 3 Mexico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagepesos nominal monthly wages 1419 in local currency 1705 units 2084 1 Netherlands Antilles Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageguilder nominal monthly wages 2364 in local currency 2475 units 2591 1 Nicaragua Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagecordobas nominal monthly wages 1358 in local currency 1482 units 1617 1 Panama Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagebalboa nominal monthly wages 569 in local currency 532 units 542 2 Panama Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagebalboa nominal monthly wages 437 in local currency 443 units 453 1 Paraguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Paraguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageguarani nominal monthly wages 600942 in local currency 630277 units 766402 2 Peru Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagenuevo nominal sol monthly wages 1644 in local currency 1837 units 2029 3 Peru Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagenuevo nominal sol monthly wages 644 in local currency units 888 1 Puerto Rico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageunited nominal states monthly dollarwages in local currency units 1 Suriname Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Trinidad and Tobago Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units 1 Uruguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Uruguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageuruguayan nominal monthly peso wages in local currency units 1 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averageindex nominal monthly wages in local currency units 2 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean gross wages averagebolivar nominal fuerte monthly wages 41 in local currency 70 units 122 1 Bahrain Middle East average nominal gross wages averagebahraini nominaldinar monthly wages in local currency units 2 Bahrain Middle East average nominal gross wages averagebahraini nominaldinar monthly wages in local currency units 1 Iraq Middle East average nominal gross wages averageiraqi nominal dinars monthly wages in local currency units

1998

1999 16939

2000 17952

2001 17886

2002 19025

2003 19950 19950

2004 20771 20771

2005 21330 21330 100 1311 504 806 147 819

1053 54 153 4482 619 66 178 7134 596 119 230 176 311 16642 571 190 376 30206 103 524 350 462 40084 116 579

1163

2006 23036 23036 113 1103 1474

2007 24136 24136 130 1620 507 1351 210 1302

2008 26229 144 1793 604 1806 257 1648

2009 29922 141 1938 678 1906 306 1958

2010 30225 163 1512 1902 743 2239 375 2527

589

590 53201 128 633

1041 174 1024

500 218636

496 228600 240025

552 249472

593 256899

861 643 265826

901 684 273368

969 754

1039 824

1116 894

1226 971

939 1330 1051 100 373221 921903 386395 325279 369621 429 11000 211 401 278

1452 104

288057 447686 86162 108263 471982 101482 112584 478753 112329 127566 238 5066 122 237 1706 127878 149782 252 5359 173 241 1784 2534 2218 2689 32877 10773 2462 2477 2462 1964 538 448 11001 2882 2901 2282 541 464 854868 2494 1162 1725 3372 3604 2565 2585 519 484 888044 2698 1147 3626 35694 1797 3801 4034 2897 512 460 100 2633 1092 1642 3844 38545 4192 39100 4316 41734 2185 4660 4771 3686 515 464 127 977944 2829 806 1855 2567 4830 45058 2235 4939 4621 4920 4266 521 458 139 1116836 2840 829 1907 502996 140229 161939 261 5512 250 244 544564 152073 175537 273 5825 103 260 595851 209219 166599 192003 284 7194 112 325 234 2232 662061 232856 181139 207414 330 8144 123 311 247 2267

299504 672658 263975 207677 236890 387 8727 138 322 247 2320

321341 860382 292599 236122 272842 408 9644 157 363 261 2376

351549 947183 325392 274935 309542 415 10609 188 382 266

1010375 420667 400996

187

120 225 10863

237 441 272

10755

2595 5166 50631 2263 5202 4935 5216 4824 547 473 154 1197727 2827 866 1976

2648 5861 56121 2333 5487 5195 5549 4957 577 476 168 1245448 2835 942 2063 6508 64246 7219 65600 7125 64392

4109 4285 3135 505 467 108 878791 2654 1112 1720

4377 4560 3388 508 470 120 1023037 2759 1120 1794

5780 5317 5627 5342 608 504 184 1402030 2904 1001 2128

6022 5319 5745 6010 635 548 196

6218 5393 5763 6320 706 586 208

2266 1056

1082 2197

1098 2219

6615 160 252 183 239 197 242

6601 241 234

6688 268 255 236

60 6861 301 267 228

65 7445 401 264 223

70 7880 527 260 213

78 9211 690 259 206

88 10622 638 895 281 213 348000

100 11667 798 1196 307

115 13662 967 1478 303

128 14528 1181 1881 322

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 8 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

Count country name 1 Jordan 1 Kuwait 1 Lebanon 1 Oman 1 Qatar 1 Saudi Arabia 1 Syrian Arab Republic 1 United Arab Emirates 1 West Bank & Gaza 1 Yemen

region Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator definition currency/index 1995 1996 1997 average nominal gross wages averagedinar nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagekuwait nominal dinar monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagelebanese nominalpound monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagerial nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagerial nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageriyal nominal monthly wages 1865 in local currency 2008 units 2073 average nominal gross wages averagesyrian nominal pound monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averagedirham nominal monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages averageisraeli nominal shekel monthly wages in local currency units average nominal gross wages average nominal monthly wages in local currency units

1998

1999

2000 226

2001 232

2002 240 344

2003 244 348

2004 242 363

2005 262 392

2006 280 394 177 5206 2179 8696 3742 1597

2007 305 438 197 6318 2212 9017 4358 1586

2008 350 485 217 7400 2263 10622 4758 1655

2157

2166

2172

2162 3067 1387 3033 1406 3175 1398 3200 1447 3233 1491

2009 365 520 690000 228 7792 2313 11096 1727

2010 392 545 228

11344 1688

1313

1378

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 9 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator 2011 source source survey source calculation source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Cove average nominal wages Algeria National Statistical National OfficeAccounts Data Wage bill is divided by the number of All employees Employees and then divided by 12. National Accounts National average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages Central Statistical OfficeEmployment of BotswanaSurvey Stats Figures Employment are an average Brief of March and September All Employees data. All Sectors Establishment average nominal wages Central Statistical OfficeReport of Botswana on Labour Force Figures Statistics are (2000-2002); an average of Employment March and September Survey All Employees Stats data. Employment The average All Brief Sectors. for June 2005 2010 Excludes uses(2003-2009) March theEstablishment data Ipelegeng and ILO programme interpolation employees. of September 2005 figures. The average for 1999 us average nominal wages National Institute of Statistics Enquete and 1-2-3 Demography for Burkina Faso All Employees Main job Household 10+ Urban. Ouagadoug average nominal wages National Institute for Statistics Enquete and 1-2-3, Economic Dynamique Studies dein l'Emploi Burundi et du Chomage Bujumbura, All Employees Rapport d'Analyse Main job Household 10+ Urban. Bujumbura average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages Centre National de la Statistique Annuaire et Statistique des Etudes du Economiques Congo Total wages 2007 and salaries are divided by All the Employees number of employees, then divided by 12. National Accounts National average nominal wages average nominal wages Ministre du Plan de la Republique Enquete 1-2-3 Democratique du Congo All Employees Main job Household 10+ National average nominal wages Egypt Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Weekly Statistics data are multiplied by 52/12. Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 10+ employees National average nominal wages ILO Laborsta All Sectors Establishment Companies with 10+ employees National average nominal wages average nominal wages Establishment average nominal wages average nominal wages General Direction of Statistics of Gabon Total wages and salaries are divided by the number of employees, then divided by 12. average nominal wages ILO Laborsta Survey results influenced by a low response All Sectors rate. Establishment Companies with 5+ employees National average nominal wages Ghana Statistical Service Ghana Living Standards Hourly Survey data are multiplied by 40*52/12. Main job Household 15+ National average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages Kenya National Bureau of Annual Statistics Economic Surveys All Sectors average nominal 1088 wages Lesotho Bureau of Statistics Industrial Survey Annual figures are an average of quarterly All Employees data. Total All Employees wages and Manufacturing salaries are divided byEstablishment the number Companies of employees, with then 20+ divided employees by 12. National average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages National Statistical Institute Enquetes of Madagascar aupres des Menages Annual data are divided by 12. Data for 2001 and 2004 are an average of different socioeconomic Household categories, weighted by each C(2005) socioeconomic category's National share in emplo average nominal wages National Statistical Office Annual of Malawi Economic Survey Annual data are divided by 12. All Employees All Sectors Establishment Large and medium sized Establishments. EAC National average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal 20050 wages Central Statistics Office Survey of Mauritius of Employment and Earnings in Large Establishments Refers to March All Employees of each year. All Sectors Establishment Companies with 10+ employees RTD National average nominal 125 wages Caisse Nationale de Scurit Nominal Sociale Average de Maroc Wage Annual Index index is created from an average of the quarterly index.Private Base year Sector is the average Administrative salary in 2004. RTD National average nominal 243 wages National Institute of Statistics Index of Economic Activities Private Sector. Excludes fishing, construction, financial intermediation, and EAC private household activities. average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages Insee Declaration annuelle de Annual donnesdata sociales are divided by 12. Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors. Excludes certain Establishment categories Allof Sizes public workers. average nominal wages National Institute of Statistics Integrated of Rwanda Survey on Household Conditions Values are in real 2001 values (nominal was not provided). Main job Household 15+ National average nominal wages Senegal Les salaires : etat des lieux, tendances etConstructed evolution recentes, using tables Momar on Ball pages Sylla, 49 and aout 50 of 2009, the report. mimeo average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal 12631 wages Statistics South Africa Quarterly Employment Statistics 2006 estimate (QES) is based on the annualized All growth Employees rate Allcalculated Employees Business from thesector. last 3 quarters IncludesEstablishment between mining and 2006 All quarrying, - 2007. Sizes All manufacturing, other years are electricity, an average EAC gasof and quarterly water National supply, data. construc average nominal wages average nominal wages Swaziland Central Statistics Employment Office statistics All Sectors average nominal wages Tanzania National Bureau Integrated of Statistics Labour Force Survey 2006 All jobs Household 10+ (2000); M(2006) 15+ (2006) National. Zanziba average nominal wages average nominal 7 wages Tunisian National Institute Average of Statistics salary annual evolution Annual growth rate in the is calculated private non-agricultural using quarterlysector figures. (%). Nominal Private growth. Sector average nominal 384465 wages Uganda Bureau of Statistics Uganda Statistical Abstracts Manufacturing Establishment average nominal wages Central Statistical OfficeZambia of Zambia Labour Force Survey 2005 All Employees Household 15+ National average nominal wages Central Statistical OfficeLabour of Zimbabwe Statistics October Total 2004 earnings in the formal Data sector exclude are divided agriculture by the earnings total number for LSCFA of employees and ARDA. in the formal sector. Annual figures are divided by 12. average nominal wages average nominal wages Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Statistical Yearbook 2010 Refers to wage rate across the manufacturing, Manufacturing, construction, Construction, agricultural, Agriculture and fishing and Fisheries industries. Selected. Dhaka, C average nominal wages Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Household Income and Expenditure Survey Refers to monthly income per capita. Household GINC National average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages National Institute of Statistics Cambodia Socio-Economic Survey 15+ average nominal wages National Bureau of Statistics Annual China Yearbook Annual data are divided by Average 12. wage All of Employees employed Allpersons Employees in State urban owned, units. All urban jobs collective, Combination and other All ownership Sizes 16+ units. Urban ILO Global Wage Database 2010 10 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Viet Nam Viet Nam Australia Australia Austria Austria Belgium Belgium Belgium Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Republic Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Estonia Finland Finland France France France France Germany Greece Greece

region indicator 2011 source source survey source calculation source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Cove Asia average nominal wages National Bureau of Statistics Annual China Yearbook Annual data are divided by Average 12. wage All of Employees employed Allpersons Employees in Private urban Sector private Allunits. jobs Combination All Sizes 16+ Urban Asia average nominal wages Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics Annual Employment Survey Daily data have been multiplied by 5*52/12. Asia average nominal 12690 wages Census and Statistics Department Quarterlyof Report Hongof Kong Wage An and average Payroll of Statistics quarterly (Labour wage rate Earnings data Full-time areSurvey) taken. Employees Full-time(time Employees Private and piece-rate). Sector. Excludes Establishment mining and quarrying, Companies information with 10+ employees. and M(2009) communication, Company EAC construction, size coverage National hawkers, varies wit o Asia average nominal wages Government of India Ministry Annual ofSurvey Statistics of Industries and Programme Total wages Implementation to workers are divided byAll theEmployees total number All Employees of workers Manufacturing in order to calculate nominal Establishment wages. Companies Annual with data 10+ are divided employees by 12. RTD,SVI National. Except Asia average nominal wages Statistics Indonesia of the Wage Republic Survey of Indonesia Annual figures are an average Monthly of quarterly Nominal Non-supervisory data. Average Wage Employees of Workers Manufacturing Below Supervisory Establishment Level in Manufacturing. Companies with 20+ employees RTD National Asia average nominal 2917392 wages Statistical Centre of IranIran Statistical Yearbook Annual data are divided by Figures 12. referAll to net Employees average urban household income All from jobs wages. Household 10+ NET Urban Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal 2843545 wages Ministry of Labour of Korea Labor Force Survey at Establishments All Employees All Employees Private Sector Establishment Companies with 5+ permanent M(1999), employees M(2007) National Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal 6700 wages Statistics and Census Service Manpower Macao Needs SAR Government and Wages An average Survey of - bi-annual Manufacturing, data ishotels, used. restaurants, Full-time Employees insurance, Full-time Employees and Manufacturing financial intermediation Establishment activities All Sizes EAC, SVI, RTD National Asia average nominal 2358 wages Department of Statistics Monthly of Malaysia Manufacturing Total Survey monthly wages are divided by employees. All Employees An All average Employees is Manufacturing then taken of monthly data. Establishment For 2008 - 2011, annual data from the same source RTD are used. National Asia average nominal wages Department of National Planning, EconomicRepublic Survey 2007 of Maldives Annual data are divided by Wages 12. actually All refer Employees to total All Employees remuneration All Sectors which include wages Establishment and salaries, All other Sizes in-kind benefits provided by employers, EAC, RTD and National health provisio Asia average nominal 424150 wages Mongolia National Statistical Average Office wages and salaries sample survey All Sectors Asia average nominal wages ILO Laborsta Since both sexes have not been provided, an average of both sexes Manufacturing has been taken. Hourly Establishment data are multiplied by 44*52/12. National Asia average nominal 228 wages Nepal Rastra Bank Quarterly Economic Bulletin An average National of Salary the overall and Wage quarterly Rate index Index is used. Asia average nominal wages Government of Nepal Central LaborBureau Force Survey of Statistics 2008 Average monthly earnings. Main job Household 15+ EAC National Asia average nominal 9715 wages Government of Pakistan Labour Statistics Force Division Survey Main job Household 10+ National. Exclude Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal 8280 wages National Statistical Office Labour of theForce Phillipines Survey Average daily basic pay is (1) multiplied The LFSby All collects 313/12. Employees basic pay only. Data exclude Main pay of job workers Household paid on commission 15+ basis, honorarium, boundary as in theNational case of jeepney/b Asia average nominal 4334 wages Statistics Singapore Derived based on data from Central Provident Fund Board. All Employees All Employees All Sectors Administrative All Sizes RTD, SVI National Asia average nominal wages ILO Laborsta June of each year. Incl. agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing. Asia average nominal wages ILO Laborsta Excluding major divisions Hourly 4, 8 data and 9. are March multiplied and September. by 45*52/12. Selected Establishment Asia average nominal 45642 wages National Statistics Republic Employee of China Wage (Taiwan) Survey Industry & Services RTD, SVI National Asia average nominal 9935 wages National Statistical Office Labor of Thailand Force Survey Annual data are an average of quarterly. All Employees Household 15+ National Asia average nominal wages National Directorate of Statistics Labour Force of Timor-Leste Survey Main job Household 15+ NET National Asia average nominal wages General Statistics OfficeLabour of Vietnam Force Survey Average monthly income for wage workers. Household 15+ EAC National Asia average nominal wages General Statistics OfficeHousehold of VietnamLiving Standards Surveys Household 15+ National Asia average nominal wages General Statistics OfficeHousehold of VietnamLiving Standards Survey 2006 Figures refer to the salary/ wage component of income per capita. Household 15+ National Developed Economies average nominal 4425 wages Australian Bureau of Statistics Average Weekly Earnings, Weekly Australia data has been multiplied Original by series, 52/12. All total Employees Annual earnings. All figures Employees are All an average Sectors of quarterly data. Establishment All Sizes RTD National Developed Economies average nominal wages Australian Bureau of Statistics Employee Earnings, Benefits, Weekly and data Trade are Union multiplied Membership Mean by 52/12. Weekly All Earnings Employees in All Jobs. All jobs Household 15+ M(2007) National Developed Economies average nominal 3270 wages Statistics Austria National Accounts All Employees Full-time Equivalent National Accounts National Developed Economies average nominal wages Statistics Austria General Income Report Annual data are divided by Data 12. refer toAll theEmployees personal All income Employees of employees All Sectors from All all jobs sources. Administrative Apprentices All Sizes are not included. Data are officialGINC data from tax National offices (Finanz Developed Economies average nominal wages Belgium Ministry of the Structure Economyof Earnings Survey Excludes NACE All Employees rev. 2 sectors: All Employees A, O, All T Sectors Combination. Companies Establishment with and 10+Administrative. employees RTD, EAE National Developed Economies average nominal 110 wages Statistics Belgium Nominal Unseasonally Adjusted Annual index Quarterly figures Labour are an Cost average Index of All quarterly Employees data. All Sectors Administrative All Sizes National Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal 707 wages Bulgarian National Statistical Annual Institute Establishment Survey Annual on data Employment, are divided Wages, by 12. and Salaries and Other Labour Costs All Sectors Establishment All Sizes National Developed Economies average nominal 698 wages Bulgarian National Statistical Quarterly Institute Survey on Employees, Annual figures Hours are Worked, an average Wages ofand monthly Salaries, All Employees data. and Other Full-time Labour Equivalent All Costs Sectors Establishment All Sizes RTD National Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal 3791 wages Statistics Canada Survey of Employment, Weekly Payrolls, data andare Hours multiplied (SEPH) by 52/12. All Employees All Employees All Sectors Combination. All Establishment Sizes and Administrative. RTD National Developed Economies average nominal wages Statistical Service of Cyprus Social Insurance Services Administrative Developed Economies average nominal wages Statistical Service of Cyprus Annual Wages and Salaries Survey, Annual LaborMean Statistics Monthly 2009 Full-time Rate Per Employees Person, Full-time Wage Employees All and Sectors Salary Earners Combined Establishment All Sizes EAC, EAE, SVI National Developed Economies average nominal 2004 wages Statistical Service of Cyprus Average Monthly Earnings Annual of Employees earnings are by a Quarter simple (Social average Insurance of All unadjusted Employees Archive) All quarterly Employees data. All Sectors Administrative All Sizes RTD National Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal 25645 wages Czech Statistical Office Structure of Earnings Survey Employees working Employees at least working All 30 Sectors hours. at least 30 hours.Combination. Companies Establishment with and 10+Administrative. employees (business sphere); National All sizes (non-b Developed Economies average nominal 24319 wages Czech Statistical Office Average gross monthly wages Excluded are All persons Employees performing Full-timepublic Equivalent All office, Sectors such as members Establishment of Parliament, All Sizes senators, councillors at all levels, judges, etc. National Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal wages Statistics Denmark Structural Statistics on Earnings Employees working more All than Sectors 8 hours. Combination. Companies Establishment with and 10+Administrative. full-time employees (private National sector) Developed Economies average nominal 122 wages Statistics Denmark Indices for Average Earnings Nominal of the index Private is anSector average of a non seasonally All Employees adjusted quarterly Private index. Sector Establishment Companies with 10+ employees EAC National Developed Economies average nominal wages Statistics Denmark Structure of Earnings Statistics Data are for multiplied the Private bySector, 37*52/12. Data All areEmployees total All earnings Employees minus Full-time pension Equivalent Private contributions Sector as contributions Establishment include Companies those from with employers 10+ full-time and employees. employees EAC National Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal 839 wages Statistics Estonia Wages and Salaries Survey All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2000) RTD, SVI National Developed Economies average nominal wages Statistics Finland Structure of Earnings Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 5+ employees. C(2001) RTD National Developed Economies average nominal 3111 wages Statistics Finland Index of Wage and Salary Full-time Earnings employees are defined Monthly by earnings. the Refers definition to those provided Full-time employees in Employees employee All whose Sectors working coverage. hours account Establishment for over Company 90 per size centcoverage of total working varies with hours industry. in that industry National Developed Economies average nominal wages Insee Declaration annuelle de donnes sociales Excludes certain Full-time categories Employees Full-time of public Employees All workers. Sectors Establishment All Sizes Metropolitan Fran Developed Economies average nominal 105 wages Ministre du Travail, de Indice la Solidarit, de salaires et de de labase Fonction Annual de l'ensemble Publique figures are desan salaris. average of quarterly All Employees data. Private Sector Establishment Companies with 10+ employees Metropolitan Fran Developed Economies average nominal 2625 wages Eurostat National Accounts Data ILO Estimate All using Employees all employees. All Employees National Accounts National Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal 2447 wages Federal Statistical OfficeNational of Germany Accounts Data All Employees All Employees National Accounts National Developed Economies average nominal wages National Statistical Service Structure of Greece of Earnings Survey Annual data are divided by 12. Developed Economies average nominal 1662 wages Eurostat National Account Figures ILO Estimate using all employees. All Employees All Employees National Accounts National ILO Global Wage Database 2010 11 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name Hungary Iceland Ireland Ireland Israel Israel Italy Italy Japan Latvia Latvia Lithuania Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Malta Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovakia Slovenia Slovenia Spain Spain Sweden Sweden Switzerland Switzerland United Kingdom United States United States Albania Albania Armenia Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Croatia Georgia Georgia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan Tajikistan

region

indicator

2011

source

source survey

source calculation

source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Cove

Developed Economies average nominal 213054 wages Hungarian Central Statistic Establishment Office survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 5+ employees National Developed Economies average nominal 365000 wages Statistics Iceland Icelandic Survey on Wages, Earnings, and Labour Costs All Employees Full-time Equivalent Manufacturing, construction, Establishment wholesale Companies and retailwith trade; 11+ repair, employees M(2006) transport storage and communication, National and Developed Economies average nominal 2992 wages Central Statistics Office Earnings of IrelandHours and Employment Data are an Costs average Survey of quarterly data. All Weekly Employees earnings All Employees are multiplied All Sectors by 52/12. Establishment Companies with 3+ employees RTD, SVI National Developed Economies average nominal wages Central Statistics Office National of Ireland Employment Survey Weekly data are multiplied by 52/12. All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 3+ employees RTD National Developed Economies average nominal wages Israel Central Bureau of Income Statistics Survey Refers to gross Allmonthly Employees income from wages and salaries. All jobs In 2000 Household and 2001, East Jerusalem 15+ is excluded. GINC, RTD, National SVI Developed Economies average nominal 8563 wages Israel Central Bureau of Monthly StatisticsWages and Employment Statistics All Employees All Sectors Administrative M(2002), M(2005) National Developed Economies average nominal 2168 wages Eurostat National Accounts Data ILO Estimate All using Employees all employees. All Employees National Accounts National Developed Economies average nominal wages Italy National Bureau of Contractual Statistics Wages and Salaries Index Index refers Full-time to nominal Employees values Full-time of contractual Employees Employees wages covered of employees. by collective bargaining agreements (56.8% of employees in March Employees 2010). covere Developed Economies average nominal wages Japan Ministry of HealthBasic Labor Survey and Welfare on Wage Structure Contractual cash Full-time earnings Employees Full-time for ordinary Employees Private workers. Sector Companies with 5+ regular employees National. Exclude Developed Economies average nominal 464 wages Statistics Latvia 2-Establishment Religious organisations, rural craftsmens All Employees businesses, Full-time family-owned Equivalent All Sectors Establishments, individual Combination. workAll are Establishment Sizes not included. and Administrative. SVI National Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal 2042 wages Statistics Lithuania Quarterly Sample Survey on Earnings, State Social Insurance Fund All Employees Board (SODRA) Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Combination. All Establishment Sizes and Administrative. National Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal 4212 wages STATEC Luxembourg Average Annual Earnings - Gent's agreement avecNACE Eurostat rev1 Full-time C-K only Employees through Full-time 2007. Employees NACE Privaterev2 Sector B-N from 2008. Administrative M(2008) RTD, SVI National Developed Economies average nominal 1254 wages Malta National StatisticsAnnual Office Labour Force All Employees Main job Household 15+ National Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal wages Statistics Netherlands All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2009) RTD National Developed Economies average nominal 128 wages Statistics Netherlands Cao-lonen, contractuele loonkosten en arbeidsduur; Contractual indexcijfers nominal Full-time (2000=100) monthly Employees Full-time wageEmployees index. Sectors Source covered is derived by collective from Combination companies, bargaining institutions agreements and employers' organizations RTD involved National in concluding Developed Economies average nominal wages Statistics Netherlands Survey on Employment and Wages All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2000) RTD National Developed Economies average nominal 3893 wages Statistics New Zealand New Zealand Income Survey Weekly data are multiplied Refers by 52/12. to theAll wages Employees and salaries component of individual All jobsgross Household income. 15+ National Developed Economies average nominal 38100 wages Statistics Norway Wage Statistics, All Employees All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2008) SVI National Developed Economies average nominal 3400 wages Central Statistical OfficeEmployment of Poland Wages and Salary in the National Economy All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment All Sizes National Developed Economies average nominal wages Gabinete de Estratgia e Quadros Planeamento de Pessoal (GEP) do Ministrio do Trabalho e da Gross Solidariedade earnings Full-time Social Employees Full-time Employees Private Sector Administrative All Sizes EAC, RTD National Developed Economies average nominal wages Romanian National Institute Annual of Statistic Labour Cost Survey Redenomination All Employees occurred Full-time in 2005 by Equivalent All 10,000. Sectors Armed forces and Establishment similar are All excluded. Sizes Survey covers all economic RTD, activities EAC, except National SVI Section T Developed Economies average nominal 855 wages Statistical Office of the Slovak Structure Republic of Earnings Survey All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes National Developed Economies average nominal 786 wages Statistical Office of the Slovak Quarterly Republic Statistical Survey All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes RTD, EAC National Developed Economies average nominal wages Statistical Office of the Republic Structureof ofSlovenia Earnings Survey Note that although Full-time theEmployees survey Full-time is limited Employees All to Sectors full-time employees, Establishment the share of All part-time Sizes employment in C(2005) Slovenia is RTD very small (according National to theL Developed Economies average nominal 1525 wages Statistical Office of the Republic Monthly of Report Slovenia on Earnings by Legal Persons All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2005) RTD, SVI National Developed Economies average nominal 1895 wages Spain National StatisticsQuarterly Institute Labour Cost Survey Annual figures are an average Activities of quarterly ofAll housesholds Employees data. All as employers Employees All (T) Sectors and activities of extraterritorial Establishment All organizations Sizes and bodies (U) are excluded. EAC, RTD, National SVI, EAR Developed Economies average nominal wages UNECE Developed Economies average nominal 29000 wages Statistics Sweden Salary Structures, whole economy All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes EAC, SVI National Developed Economies average nominal 33570 wages Statistics Sweden Short-term statistics, wages Month andof salaries September in the isprivate taken Excludes for sector every NACE Non-manual year. A and O. Non-manual workers Private workers Sector Establishment Companies with 5+ employees National Developed Economies average nominal wages Swiss Federal Statistical Structure Office of Earnings Survey All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Companies with 3+ employees M(1998) Cantonal EAC public National administration in Developed Economies average nominal OfficeWage Index Nominal wage Allpercentage Employees Full-time growth with Equivalent All respect Sectors to the preceding Administrative year. Prior to 2006, data refer to full-time M(2006) employees only. After National 2006, female 1.00wages Swiss Federal Statistical Swiss Developed Economies average nominal 2129 wages UK National Statistics Annual Survey of HoursWeekly and Earnings data are - Workplace multiplied by Analysis 52/12. All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2006) RTD National Developed Economies average nominal 3437 wages US Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Survey Weekly (CES) data are multiplied by 52/12. All Employees All Employees Private Sector Establishment All Sizes National Developed Economies average nominal 2838 wages US Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Survey Weekly (CES) data are multiplied by 52/12. Production and Production Non-supervisory and Private Non-supervisory Sector Employees Employees Establishment All Sizes National Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Albania National Institute Annual of Statistics Business Structural Survey All Employees Industry, transport and communication, Administrative All trade, sizes and15+ some other sectors of services. National Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages UNECE Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 115265 Asia wages National Statistics Service State of Armenia Statistical Report on the Number of Employees Data and are Wages/salaries from All Annual Employees Statistical All Employees Yearbook; All Sectors Annual Statistical Establishment Handbook "Labour All Sizes Market in the Republic M(2011) of Armenia". RTD, EAC, Sectors National SVI T and Sector U Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages UNECE Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 363 Asia wages State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan All Employees All Sectors EAC, SVI Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 1925323 Asia wages Republic of Belarus Official Establishment Statistics survey Redenomination All Employees occurred All in Employees 2000 by All 1000. Sectors Data from 2011 exclude Establishment data from All Sizes "small business" enterprises M(2011)of non-state RTD, EAC, ownership. National SVI Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Agency of Statistics for Bosnia Monthly &Survey Herzegovina on Employment 2007 data and areWages a simple average of monthly All Employees figures. All Sectors Establishment All Sizes Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages UNECE Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Republic of Croatia Central Annual Bureau and of monthly Statistics surveys on persons in paid employment Excludes persons and Allgross Employees in employment and net earnings in crafts All Sectors and trades and dree Establishment lances, in the All Ministry Sizes of Defense, in M(2003) the Ministry of Interior or National independent farm Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 7796 Asia wages Republic of Croatia Central Monthly Bureau Survey of Statistics on Persons in Paid Employment and Gross and All Net Employees Earnings All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes National Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages National Statistics Office Establishment of Georgia survey All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment M(2006) RTD, EAE, SVI National. Exclude Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 690 Asia wages National Statistics Office of Georgia Annual figures are an average of quarterly All Employees data. All Sectors Establishment RTD, EAE, SVI National. Exclude Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages UNECE Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 90028 Asia wages Agency of Statistics of Kazakhstan All Employees All Sectors Establishment EAC National Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 9352 Asia wages National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes EAC National Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 3194 Asia wages National Bureau of Statistics Establishment Moldova survey All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 20+ employees RTD, EAC, National. EAE, SVI Exclude Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 23693 Asia wages Russia Federal State Statistics Service All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes EAC National Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages CIS STAT Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 52733 Asia wages Statistical Office of the Republic Monthly of Statistical Serbia Survey on Employees and their Salaries and All Wages Employees (RAD-1), All Employees Tax Administration All Sectors sources Combination. Establishment and Administrative. National Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages State Committee on Statistics of Tajikstan All Sectors Establishment EAC National Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages State Committee on Statistics of Tajikstan Annual figures are an average of monthly data. All Sectors Establishment EAC National ILO Global Wage Database 2010 12 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name region indicator 2011 source source survey source calculation source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Cove The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 30602 Asia wages Republic of Macedonia State LABOUR-1 Statistical (Monthly Office report) All Employees All Sectors National The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages UNECE Turkey Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 188 Asia wages TurkStat Quarterly Gross Wages and Salaries Index in Industry Sections B, C, D, and E of NACE Rev. Companies 2 classification. with 20+ employees for manufacturing EAC and mining. All s Turkey Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages TurkStat Structure of Earnings Survey Sectors B-N,Full-time P-S under Employees NACE Full-time Rev2. Employees Establishment Companies with 10+ employees M(2010) National Turkey Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages TurkStat Quarterly Industrial Employment Annual figures Survey are an average of quarterly All Employees data. Full-time Equivalent Manufacturing. ExcludesEstablishment division 37.Companies with 10+ employees National Turkmenistan Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 845 Asia wages State Committee of Turkmenistan Statistics Turkmenistan Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages UNECE Ukraine Eastern Europe average and Central nominal 2633 Asia wages State Committee of Statistics Survey of of Ukraine Enterprises on Labour Statistics All Employees All Sectors. Excludes sections Establishment P, Q of Companies ISIC Rev.3. with 10+ employees M(2010) National Uzbekistan Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages UNECE Argentina Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 480 wages Argentinian National Institute ndiceof de Statistics salarios y and Coeficiente Censuses Annual de figures Variacin are anSalarial average of the monthly All Employees nominal index. All Sectors All Sizes. Registered and unregistered private sector firms. Argentina Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO-SIALC Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Puntual (1996-2002); Encuestas All Employees Permanentes de Hogares Contnua Main (2003-2009) job Household 14+ M(2003) Urban Bahamas (The) Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Barbados Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Belize Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Bolivia National Institute Encuesta of Statistics Trimestral de Empleo Annual figures INE are an average of quarterly data. Brazil Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 1588 wages Brazilian Institute of Geography Monthlyand Employment Statistics (IBGE) Survey Annual (PME) figures are an average Income of monthly usually received data. for a given month. Main job Household 10+ Urban. Recife, Sal Brazil Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO SIALC National Household Survey (Pesquisa Nacional Por Amostra de Domicilios) Main job Household 10+ Urban Chile Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 110 wages National Statistics Institute Indices of Chile de Remuneraciones Annual figures are an average of monthly All Employees data. All Sectors. Excludes agriculture, Establishment livestock, Companies hunting with and 5+forestry, employees fishing, domestic services, National international Chile Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages National Statistics Institute Anuario of Chile de Remuneraciones Annual Medias figures y Costos are an Medios average of monthly data. Chile Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages National Statistics Institute Average of Chile earnings and nominal Annualaverage figures monthly are an average costs Refers (Remuneraciones of to monthly all All employees Employees data. Medias who have y Costos worked All Medios Sectors at least Mensuales 20 hoursNominales) during Establishment the reference Companies month.with 10+ employees National Colombia Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Colombia Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); Encuesta Continua de Hogares Continua (ECH)All (2002-2005); jobs (1995-2000); Household Gran Encuesta Main job Integrada (2001+) 12+ de Hogares M(2002), Continua M(2006) (GEIH) (2006+) Urban (1995-2000 Costa Rica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 468832 wages Central Bank of Costa Rica Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social (CCSS) Administrative Costa Rica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages National Institute of Statistics Encuesta and de Census Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples All Employees Main job Household 12+ M(2000) National Costa Rica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EHPM) (1995-2009); Encuesta Nacional de HogaresMain (ENAHO) job (2010+) Household 12+ (1995-1999); M(2010) 15+ (2010+) Urban Cuba Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Cuba National Office of Annual Statistics Statistical Yearbooks Dominican Republic Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Central Bank of the Dominican National Republic Labour Force Survey (ENFT), Central Bank of the Dominican Republic Private Sector Combination. Household and Administrative. Ecuador Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 270 wages National Institute of Statistics Remuneraciones and Censusndices of Ecuador Annual Serie 2003 figures A 2010 are an average of monthly data. Ecuador Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 478 wages ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo Pre-2000 (ENEMDU) can be converted from Sucres into dollars Main using job the average Household exchange rate. Los 10+ aos 1995 al 2000 y el 2002: ENEMDU Urbanlevantada en El Salvador Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Ministry of the Economy Encuesta and General de Hogares Direction defor Data Propsitos Statistics prior to Mltiples and 2003 Census have been Refers converted to salarios from (as colons opposed to USD to ingresos). using the fixed exchange rate of 8.75 colons/USD. 16+ National Guadeloupe Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Insee DADS Annual data are divided by 12. Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Guadeloupe Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO Laborsta Hourly data are multiplied by 40*52/12. C(2000) Guatemala Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 1967 wages Guatemala National Institute Encuesta of Statistics Nacional de Empleo e Ingresos (ENEI) 15+ National Guyana Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Insee DADS Annual data are divided by Salaris 12. temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Haiti Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Honduras Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO SIALC Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EPHPM) Main job Household 10+ Urban Jamaica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 76368 wages Statistical Institute of Jamaica Employment and Earnings Weekly Data data are multiplied by 52/12. All Employees Private Sector. ExcludesEstablishment agriculture, Companies government, with the 10+ free employees zones and private educational National institutions. Martinique Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Insee Declaration annuelle de Annual donnesdata sociales are divided by 12. Full-time Employees All Sectors. Excludes certain Establishment categories Allof Sizes public workers. Martinique Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO Laborsta Hourly data are multiplied Currency by 40*52/12. changed to euros in 2000. Mexico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 6482 wages Mexico National Institute of Statistics and Geography Annual data are provided De for 1994 daily a wages, 2003, monthly. salario medio An annual de losPrivate average cotizantes Sector of permanentes. the monthly, daily A partir figures de 2004, is calculated. salario base This deaverage los cotizantes M(2004) is then permanentes multiplied by y6*52/12. National eventuales, ponde Mexico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Mexico National Employment National Service Survey Job ofPortal Occupation Hourly and wages Employment for the occupied (ENOE) population Quarterly All Employees are Indicators multiplied by hours worked for Main the job occupied Household population to obtain a14+ weekly wage. Then an average of quarterly National figures is t Mexico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 5766 wages ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo (1995-2004); Encuesta Second Nacional quarter deof Ocupacin each year.y Empleo (2005-2009) Household 12+ (1995-2004); M(2005) 14+ (2005+) Urban Netherlands Antilles Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO Laborsta Labour Force Survey Manufacturing Household 14+ Curacao only. Nicaragua Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 6615 wages Ministry of Labour of Nicaragua (MITRAB) National Panama Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Panama National Institute Empleo: of Statistics Sectores and Publico Census y Privado All Employees Panama Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares August of each year. Main job Household 15+ Urban Paraguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 229 wages Central Bank of Paraguay Informe Economico Paraguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO SIALC Encuesta Permanente de Hogares Household 10+ Urban Peru Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages National Statistics Institute National of Peru Survey of Salaries Annual and figures Wages are an average Sueldo of monthly Lima Metropolitana data. Private Sector Establishment Companies with 10+ employees Urban. Lima. Peru Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Encuesta Nacional Main de Hogares job Household (ENAHO) (2004+) 14+ M(2004) Urban. Lima. (199 Puerto Rico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 2223 wages US Bureau of Labor Statistics Quarterly Census of Employment Weekly data andare Wages multiplied Average by 52/12. weekly All Employees wage is multiplied by All 52/12. Sectors Establishment All Sizes EAC National Suriname Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Trinidad and Tobago Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Uruguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 144 wages National Institute of Statistics Indiceof Medio Uruguay de Salarios Annual Nominales, figures Base are July an average 2008 of the monthly nominal index. Uruguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 16610 wages ILO SIALC Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (2000-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Ampliada (ENHA) Main (2006+) job Household 14+ M(2006) Urban Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean 1552 wages Venezuela Central BankIndice de Remuneraciones a los asalariados Includes employer All Employees social security contributions of employers. Combination. Companies Establishment with (private 5+ employees sector)(private and Administrative RTD, sector) EAC, National SVI (publicfor sector). publi Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares por Second Muestreo semester of each year. Household 15+ National Bahrain Middle East average nominal wages Kingdom of Bahrain Labour Market Regulatory Authority Annual figures are an average Average of quarterly basic All wages. Employees data. InAll regard Employees to agriculture, All Sectors workers in agriculture Combination. enterprises, Workers Household manufacturing in private-sector and Administrative. or marketing establishments their products, with 10 or National and more workers workers oper Bahrain Middle East average nominal wages ILO Laborsta Private Sector Administrative Iraq Middle East average nominal wages Central Organization for Statistics and Information Technology Household 15+ NET National ILO Global Wage Database 2010 13 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator 2011 source source survey source calculation source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Cove average nominal wages Jordan Department of Statistics Employment Survey All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes EAC, EAE, SVI National average nominal wages Kuwait Central Statistical Annual OfficeSurvey of Establishments Annual data are divided by 12. All Employees All Employees Mining, quarrying and manufacturing. Establishment All Sizes National average nominal wages Lebanon Central Administration Multipleof Indicators StatisticsClusters Survey, Round 3 (MICS3) Excludes construction. 15+ National average nominal wages Oman Ministry of the National Oman Statistical Economy Yearbooks Data refer to Omanis only. Private Sector average nominal 7401 wages Qatar Statistics Authority Labour Force Survey All Employees Household 15+ EAC National average nominal wages Saudi Arabia Central Department Annual Economic of Statistics Survey Average of Establishments wages are calculated All employee by diving All coverage wages Employees and isAll salaries assumed Employees by asthe Private thenumber average Sector of wage employees. is derived Establishment Annual from the data All total are Sizes wage then divided bill divided by 12. by the number of employees. National average nominal 13844 wages Syria Central Bureau of Statistics Labour Force Survey Main job Household 15+ National average nominal wages UAE Ministry of the Economy National Abstract 2008 Annual data are divided by 12. All Employees All Sectors National average nominal 1686 wages Palestinian Central Bureau Labor of Statistics Force Survey Daily data have been multiplied Net daily by wage. 5*52/12. All Employees Figures only refer to the Palestinian Main territory. job Household 15+ NET West Bank and Ga average nominal wages

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 14 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator Agricultural Excluded? average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal No wages average nominal No wages average Urban. Ouagadougou. nominal wages average Urban. Bujumbura. nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal No wages average nominal No wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal Yes wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal No wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal No wages average nominal wages average nominal Yes wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal Yes wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average National. nominal Zanzibar wages is excluded. average nominal wages average nominal Yes wages average nominal Yes wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average Selected. nominal Dhaka,wages Chittagong, Rajshahi and Khulna. average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal No wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 15 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Viet Nam Viet Nam Australia Australia Austria Austria Belgium Belgium Belgium Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Republic Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Estonia Finland Finland France France France France Germany Greece Greece

region indicator Agricultural Excluded? Asia average nominal No wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal Yes wages Asia average National. nominal Except wages the three states of Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Sikkim and Union Territory ofLakshadweep. Asia average nominal Yes wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal Yes wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal Yes wages Asia average nominal Yes wages Asia average nominal No wages Asia average nominal No wages Asia average nominal Yes wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average National. nominal Excludes wages FATA and military restricted areas. Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal No wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal Yes wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal No wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal wages Asia average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average Metropolitan nominal France. wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 16 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name Hungary Iceland Ireland Ireland Israel Israel Italy Italy Japan Latvia Latvia Lithuania Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Malta Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovakia Slovenia Slovenia Spain Spain Sweden Sweden Switzerland Switzerland United Kingdom United States United States Albania Albania Armenia Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Croatia Georgia Georgia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan Tajikistan

region

indicator

Agricultural Excluded?

Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average Employees nominal covered wages by collective labour agreements (56.8% of employees in March 2010). Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal No wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Developed Economies average nominal Yes wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 17 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name region indicator Agricultural Excluded? The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Turkey Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Turkey Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Yes Asia wages Turkey Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Yes Asia wages Turkmenistan Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Turkmenistan Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Ukraine Eastern Europe average and Central nominal No Asia wages Uzbekistan Eastern Europe average and Central nominal Asia wages Argentina Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Argentina Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Bahamas (The) Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Barbados Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Belize Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Brazil Latin Americaaverage Urban. and the Recife, nominal Caribbean Salvador, wages Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Porto Alegre. Brazil Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Chile Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean Yes wages Chile Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Chile Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Colombia Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Colombia Latin Americaaverage Urban and the (1995-2000); nominal Caribbean wages Principle Municipalities (2001+) Costa Rica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Costa Rica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Costa Rica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Cuba Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Dominican Republic Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Ecuador Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Ecuador Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages El Salvador Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Guadeloupe Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Guadeloupe Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Guatemala Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Guyana Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Haiti Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Honduras Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Jamaica Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Martinique Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Martinique Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Mexico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Mexico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Mexico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Netherlands Antilles Latin Americaaverage Curacao and the nominal Caribbean only. wages Nicaragua Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Panama Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Panama Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Paraguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Paraguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Peru Latin Americaaverage Urban. and the Lima. nominal Caribbean wages Peru Latin Americaaverage Urban. and the Lima. nominal Caribbean (1995-2003); wages Urban (2004+) Puerto Rico Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Suriname Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Trinidad and Tobago Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Uruguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Uruguay Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin Americaaverage National and the nominal Caribbean for public wages sector. Private sector only includes the following metropolitan areas: Caracas, Guarenas, Guatire, Valles del Tuy, Los Teques, San Diego y San Antonio. Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin Americaaverage and the nominal Caribbean wages Bahrain Middle East average nominal See notes wages Bahrain Middle East average nominal No wages Iraq Middle East average nominal wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 18 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

country name Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator Agricultural Excluded? average nominal wages average nominal Yes wages average nominal No wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average nominal No wages average nominal wages average nominal wages average West Bank nominal and Gaza wages Strip. Israel and settlements excluded. average nominal wages

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 19 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE

Count country name 1 Kenya 1 South Africa 1 India 1 Indonesia 1 Korea, Republic of 1 Philippines 2 Austria 1 Cyprus 2 Czech Republic 1 Hungary 2 Iceland 1 Lithuania 2 New Zealand 2 Slovenia 2 Switzerland 1 United States 2 United States 1 Armenia 2 Azerbaijan 1 Belarus 3 Croatia 1 Georgia 1 Kazakhstan 1 Kyrgyzstan Republic 1 Brazil 1 Chile 1 Colombia 1 Costa Rica 1 Ecuador 1 Nicaragua 1 Peru 1 Uruguay

region indicator definition currency/index 1995 1996 1997 Africa real average gross wagesaveragereal realaverage monthly wage wages growth in local currency units Africa real average gross wagesaveragerand real monthly wages in local currency units Asia real average gross wagesaveragerupees real monthly wages in local currency units Asia real average gross wagesaverageindonesian real monthly rupiah wages in local currency 184800 units 204050 Asia real average gross wagesaveragesouth real monthly korean won wages in 2030466 local currency 2165412 units 2218634 Asia real average gross wagesaveragephilippine real monthly peso wages in local currency units Developed Economies real average gross wagesaverageeuro real monthly wages in local currency units 1866 Developed Economies real average gross wagesaveragereal realaverage monthly wage wages growth in 3.4 local currency 3.1 units 2.9 Developed Economies real average gross wagesaveragechain real monthly index wages in local currency units Developed Economies real average gross wagesaveragechain real monthly index wages in 91 local currency 97 units 103 Developed Economies real average gross wagesaverageindex real monthly wages in 82 local currency 86 units 89 Developed Economies real average gross wagesaveragelitas real monthly wages in 345 local currency 496 units 715 Developed Economies real average gross wagesaveragenew realzealand monthly dollar wages in local currency units Developed Economies real average gross wagesaverageindex real monthly wages in local currency units Developed Economies real average gross wagesaveragereal realwage monthly growth wages in -0.50 local currency 0.50 units 0.00 Developed Economies real average gross wagesaverageunited real monthly states dollar wages in local currency units Developed Economies real average gross wagesaverageunited real monthly states dollar wages in 1157 local currency 1162 units 1187 Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia gross wagesaveragedrams real monthly wages in local currency 7977 units 11913 Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia gross wagesaveragechain real monthly index wages in local currency units Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia gross wagesaveragechain real monthly index wages in local currency units Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia gross wagesaveragechain real monthly index wages in local currency units Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia gross wagesaveragelari real monthly wages in local currency units Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia gross wagesaveragechain real monthly index wages in 100 local currency 103 units 106 Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia gross wagesaveragechain real monthly index wages in 110 local currency 101 units 112 Latin America and realthe average Caribbean gross wagesaveragebrazilian real monthly real wages in local currency units Latin America and realthe average Caribbean gross wagesaverageindex real monthly wages in local currency units Latin America and realthe average Caribbean gross wagesaverageindex real monthly wages in 113 local currency 116 units 121 Latin America and realthe average Caribbean gross wagesaveragecolon real monthly wages in local currency units Latin America and realthe average Caribbean gross wagesaverage real monthly wages in local currency units Latin America and realthe average Caribbean gross wagesaveragecordoba real monthly wages in 1224 local currency 1197 units 1196 Latin America and realthe average Caribbean gross wagesaverageindex real monthly wages in local currency units Latin America and realthe average Caribbean gross wagesaverageindex real monthly wages in 107 local currency 108 units 108

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007 5780 121.1 1019000 2835563 4905 1921 2.8 104 100 120 1705 3320 95 0.90 1516 1261 71099 124 110 103 121 116 110 1430 114 143 270305 332 1549 110 98

118.3 120.5 121.1 145875 154775 183750 222750 2012095 2159274 2281117 2303493 5429 1888 1914 1914 1878 2.7 3.0 2.7 3.1 104 103 106 103 108 95 99 100 102 885 981 961 969 2510 2590 82 85 0.60 -0.50 -0.30 1.50 1217 16559 1230 20037 1234 22889 118 112 103 107 98 100 131 1233 23747 130 99 125 111 111 102 131

124.8 248450 2491492 5368 1875 2.7 106 112 104 1011 2670 87 1.10 1248 27027 108 104 114 111 113 104 135 270 1484 98

130.9 257200 2628888 5274 1876 2.0 106 107 108 1085 2760 88 0.80 1249 33222 120 103 103 106 107 110 1330 105 134 264 1523 86

130.2 282275 2689835 5063 1863 1.9 103 99 109 1136 2880 90 0.10 1243 40603 120 117 104 118 115 112 1313 107 136 268213 325 1528 100 86

126.5 277325 2791285 4931 1865 2.7 103 105 112 1243 3020 91 -0.20 1235 51750 113 121 101 121 112 112 1333 109 138 262364 302 1612 98 90

123.9 260650 2886211 4954 1895 2.8 104 104 115 1442 3170 93 0.10 1248 60538 111 117 103 125 110 119 1386 111 143 266665 302 1671 103 94

106 112

113 92

121

126

1285 110

1342 112

1363 110

1423 110

2008 -8.93 5769 119.2 991950 2792608 4694 1917 1.6 101 101 115 1940 3540 98 -0.40 1499 1248 80189 105 109 101 132 99 109 1478 114 140 264903 320 1390 115 102

2009 -5.33 6003 116.1 999475 2699527 4739 1925 2.7 102 97 107 1968 2650 100 2.60 1521 1276 92862 107 100 100 102 103 107 1525 119 142 291653 323 1508 121 109

2010 -0.39 6586 118.5 1063225 2780735 4813 1903 0.0 100 97 106 1963 3750 102 0.10 1532 1290 94873 105 115 99 100 108 108 1582 122 146 300391 343 1504 119 113

2011 -8.06 6766 113.8 2734178 4775

100 101 109 1962

0.70 1528 1281 107197 101

107 112 1625 125 145 319410 353 1457 123 117

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 20 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

Count country name

region

indicator

definition

currency/index

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 21 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

Count country name

region

indicator

definition

currency/index

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 22 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

Count country name

region

indicator

definition

currency/index

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 23 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

Count country name

region

indicator

definition

currency/index

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 24 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name Kenya South Africa India Indonesia Korea, Republic of Philippines Austria Cyprus Czech Republic Hungary Iceland Lithuania New Zealand Slovenia Switzerland United States United States Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador Nicaragua Peru Uruguay

region indicator source source survey source calculation source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Africa real average Kenya wages National Bureau of Statistics Kenya Facts and Figures, 2011/2012 All Sectors Africa real average Statistics wages South Africa Quarterly Employment Data Statistics are an (QES) average of quarterly data. All Employees All Employees Business sector. Includes Establishment mining andAll quarrying, Sizes manufacturing, electricity, gas and Asia real average Government wages of India Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation Daily wage rate is multiplied Average Daily by 5*52/12. Real Wage Rates at 1960 prices Manufacturing, Mining and Plantation Asia real average Statistics wages Indonesia of the Republic of Indonesia Wage Survey Annual figures are an Monthly averageReal of quarterly Averagedata. Wage of Workers Non-supervisory Below Supervisory Employees Level Manufacturing in Manufacturing. There Establishment was a change Companies in the with CPI 20+ in 2007, employees M(2007) the growth rate betw Asia real average Ministry wages of Labour of Korea Labor Force Survey at Establishments All Employees All Employees Private Sector Establishment Companies with 5+ permanent M(1999), employees M(2007) Asia real average National wages Statistical Office of the Phillipines Labour Force Survey Average daily basic (1) payThe is multiplied LFS collects by 313/12. basic pay only. Data All Employees exclude pay of workers paid on commission Main job basis, Household honorarium, boundary 15+as in the case of jeepney/bus/tr Developed Economies real average Statistics wages Austria General Income ReportAnnual data are divided Data by refer 12. to the personal income of employees All Employees from Allall Employees sources. AllApprentices Sectors Allare jobs not included. Administrative DataAll areSizes official data from tax offices (Finanzmte Developed Economies real average Statistical wages Service of Cyprus Social Insurance Services Data prior to 2010 refer to the Survey on Wages and Salaries. Administrative M(2010) Developed Economies real average Czech wages Statistical Office Average gross monthly wages Excluded are persons performing public Alloffice, Employees such Full-time as members Equivalent All of Sectors Parliament, senators, Establishment councillorsAll at all Sizes levels, judges, etc. Developed Economies real average Hungarian wages Central Statistic Office Establishment Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 5+ employees Developed Economies real average Statistics wages Iceland All Sectors Developed Economies real average Statistics wages Lithuania Quarterly Sample Survey on Earnings, State Social Insurance Fund Board (SODRA) All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Combination. All Establishment Sizes and Administrative. Developed Economies real average Statistics wages New Zealand Linked Employer - Employee Data Periods used are calander months. Data All isEmployees based on All wage Employees and salary All Sectors so excludes All jobs self -employed. Administrative People All Sizes aged under 15+ 15 are excluded. The gross earn Developed Economies real average Statistical wages Office of the Republic of Slovenia Monthly Report on Earnings by Legal Persons All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2005) Developed Economies real average Swiss wages Federal Statistical Office Swiss Wage Index Nominal wage percentage growth with All respect Employees to the Full-time preceding Equivalent All year. Sectors Prior to 2006, data Administrative refer to full-time employees only. After M(2006) 2006, females wo Developed Economies real average US wages Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Survey Weekly (CES) data are multiplied by 52/12. All Employees All Employees Private Sector Establishment All Sizes Developed Economies real average US wages Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Survey Weekly (CES) data are multiplied by 52/12. Production and Production Non-supervisory and Private Non-supervisory Sector Employees Employees Establishment All Sizes Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia National wages Statistics Service of Armenia State Statistical Report on the Number of Employees Data are from and Wages/salaries Annual Statistical Yearbook; All Employees Annual All Statistical Employees Handbook All Sectors "Labour Market Establishment in the Republic All Sizes of Armenia". Sectors M(2011) T and Sector U of I Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia State wages Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia Republic wages of Belarus Official Statistics M(2011) Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia Republic wages of Croatia Central Bureau of Statistics Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia National wages Statistics Office of Georgia Establishment survey All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment M(2007) Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia Agency wages of Statistics of Kazakhstan All Employees All Sectors Establishment Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia National wages Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes Latin America and realthe average Caribbean Brazilian wages Institute of Geography and StatisticsMonthly (IBGE) Employment Survey Annual(PME) figures are an Income average usually of monthly received data. for a given month. Main job Household 10+ Latin America and realthe average Caribbean National wages Statistics Institute of Chile Indices de Remuneraciones Annual figures are an average of monthly data. All Employees All Sectors except agriculture, Establishment livestock, Companies hunting with and forestry, 5+ employees fishing, domestic serv Latin America and realthe average Caribbean Central wages Bank of Colombia Real Wage Index for the Monthly Manufacturing index figures Sector are with averaged. Thrashing Latin America and realthe average Caribbean Central wages Bank of Costa Rica Monthly Economic Report (Informe mensuel de coyuntura economica) Administrative Latin America and realthe average Caribbean National wages Institute of Statistics and Census of Ecuador Remuneraciones ndices Annual Serie 2003 figures A 2010 are an average of monthly data. Latin America and realthe average Caribbean Ministry wages of Labour of Nicaragua (MITRAB) Latin America and realthe average Caribbean Peru wages National Institute of Statistics Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENAHO) Data were specifically prepared for the Global Wage Report. Latin America and realthe average Caribbean National wages Institute of Statistics of Uruguay Indice Medio de Salarios Annual Nominales, figuresBase are an July average 2008 of the monthly real index.

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 25 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name

region

indicator

source

source survey

source calculation source notes

Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 26 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name

region

indicator

source

source survey

source calculation source notes

Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 27 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name

region

indicator

source

source survey

source calculation source notes

Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 28 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name

region

indicator

source

source survey

source calculation source notes

Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 29 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name Kenya South Africa India Indonesia Korea, Republic of Philippines Austria Cyprus Czech Republic Hungary Iceland Lithuania New Zealand Slovenia Switzerland United States United States Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador Nicaragua Peru Uruguay

region indicator Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? Africa real average wages Africa real average EAC wages National Yes Asia real average wages Asia real average RTD wages National Yes Asia real M(1999), average M(2007) wages National Yes Asia real average wages National Developed Economies real average GINC wages National No Developed Economies real average wages Developed Economies real average wages National No Developed Economies real average wages National No Developed Economies real average wages Developed Economies real average wages National No Developed Economies real average SVI wages National No Developed Economies real average RTD, wagesSVI National No Developed Economies real average wages National Yes Developed Economies real average wages National Yes Developed Economies real average wages National Yes Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia RTD, wagesEAC, National SVI No Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia wages Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia wages Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia wages Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia RTD, wagesEAE, SVI National. Excludes No territories of Abkhazian Autonomous Republic and Tskhinvali Region (former South Ossetian Autonomous Region). Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia EAC wages National No Eastern Europe real and average Central Asia EAC wages National No Latin America and realthe average Caribbean wages Urban. Recife, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Porto Alegre. Latin America and realthe average Caribbean wages National Yes Latin America and realthe average Caribbean wages Latin America and realthe average Caribbean wages Latin America and realthe average Caribbean wages Latin America and realthe average Caribbean wages National Latin America and realthe average Caribbean wages Latin America and realthe average Caribbean wages

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 30 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name

region

indicator

Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 31 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name

region

indicator

Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 32 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name

region

indicator

Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 33 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name

region

indicator

Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 34 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 REAL AVERAGE WAGE

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator currency definition 1995 1996 female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal pula monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal congolese monthly franc wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal egyptian monthly pound wages of360 women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal swazi emalangeni monthly 1100 wages of1167 women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal fiji dollar monthly wages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal hong kong monthly dollarwages of women, female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women,

1997 1998 1999 in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in 407 local currency 425 units 503 in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in 1365 local currency 1494 units 1776 in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

3606

4214

542

576

602

646

732

7731 724

815

880

87

2156

2183

2234

2306

1681

165841

228832

258207

10183

10203

9911

10147

10390

10855

11072

10565

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 35 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region indicator currency definition 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal indonesian monthly rupiah wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal south korean monthly won 823143 wages of935926 women, in 1015310 local currency 1006266 units 1089712 Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal tugrik monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal kyat monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal rupee monthly wages of women, in local currency units 1368 Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal rupee monthly 1838 wages of women, in 1880 local currency 2046 units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal philippine monthly peso wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal singapore monthly dollar wages of1979 women, in local currency 1850 2114 2256 units 2327 Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal sri lankan monthly rupee wages of women, in 2925 local currency 3011 units 3190 Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal new taiwan monthly dollar 28395 wages of29745 women, in 31522 local currency 32686 units 33962 Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal baht monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Asia female averagegross nominal average wages nominal dong monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal australian monthly dollars 1867 wages of1924 women, in 1996 local currency 2044 units 2082 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, in 1357 local currency 1375 units 1407 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, in local currency units 1639 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal canadian monthly dollar wages of women, in 2015 local currency 2049 units 2109 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, in local currency units 1078 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal czech crown monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal danish krone monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal finish markkaa monthly 9413 (1995-2000); wages of9883 women, euro (2001-2010) in 9912 local currency 10277 units 10312 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, in local currency 1820 units 1854 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly 1858 wages of1933 women, in 1985 local currency 2039 units 2105 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal krona monthly wages of women, in local currency 107000units 117000 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal new israel monthly shekel 3008 wages of3372 women, in 4050 local currency 4351 units 4657 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units 230700 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal lats monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal litas monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly 2197 wages of2709 women, in 2280 local currency 2339 units 2427 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal new zealand monthly dollar wages of women, in local currency 1870 units 1937 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal kroner monthly wages of women, in 18085 local currency 19418 units 20191 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal zloty monthly 635 wages of747 women, in 1000 local currency 1162 units 1592 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly 475 wages of506 women, in 522 local currency 554 units 574 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal leu monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal slovak koruna monthly (2002-2008); wages of women, euro (2009) in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal slovenian monthly tolar (2004); wages euro of women, (2005-2009) in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, in local currency units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal swedishmonthly krona 14700 wages of15500 women, in 16200 local currency 16800 units 17600 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal swiss francs monthly wages of4509 women, in local currency 4686 units Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal pounds monthly wages of women, in 972 local currency 1017 units 1066 Developed Economies female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, in local currency units Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal drams monthly wages of women, in local currency units Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal manat monthly wages of women, in local currency units 20 ILO Global Wage Database 2010 36 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

1178413 1256903 1392977 1500897 1579425 1696852 1811487

59800 3964 2014

61000 3327

67300 3729 2030

76000 3872

88000 5182 2594

92300 5407

117325 17276 3349

159325 22176 3567 6871 3148 7314 39032 7801 1280000 2932 1685 2130 391 2744 1651 20684 641 2433 2320 2590

258075 30240 3402 3853 7266 3332 8323 38870 8693

279875

5189 7587 3247

2530 3598 35007

5934 2588 3888 35620 6291

6028 2617 4616 35838 6184

6065 2662 4809 36371 6328

6196 2773 5240 36845 6533

6383 2865 5803 37480 7019

6719 2966 6536 38035 7571

37144 8521 2175000 3181 1784 2343 544 2973 1824 22414 32346 2667 2461 2729

2187 1434 1719 194 2172 1165

2286 1462 1806 209 2251 1225

2347 1495 1834 227 2319 1295

2451 1521 1932 246 2380 1374

2553 1542 2003 265 2461 1432

2680 1584 2049 293 2556 1510 18221 450 2275 2190 2475

2791 1631 2106 327 2649 1589 19305 531 2343 2250 2522

3047 1739 2242 490 2858 1760 21939 729 2575 2401 2661

11116 1890 2150

1957 1940 2216

2028 2080 2286

2107 2140 2359

2190 2120 2421

129000 144000 5015 5160

157000 5322 238800 1009 2710 840 2154 23736 2016 696

167000 1978 5232 239400 1049 2794 872 2267 24609 720 591

177000 5357 241700 200 1110 2873 877 2336 25579 2150 746 743 256193 1247 21500 5314 1337

203000 5419 239000 204 1230 2990 900 2425 26430 776 891 15394 1132 1287 22100 1385

226000 2447 5521 238600 244 1432 3112 963 1422 2588 27653 2386 799 1062 16575 1196 1359 22800 5517 1444

256000 2497 5949 241700 323 1676 3259 946 1467 2739 29137 828 1312 18341 1263 1424 23500 1490

279000 6077 243100 417 1928 3384 1001 1529 2884 30800 2893 872 1700 20010 1369 1556 24700 5707 1554

293000 6280 243200 432 1924 3482 1048 1591 2979 32000 899 1775 682 1454 1610 25700 1604

235100 237100 956 2544 754 2015 21213 605 962 2693 778 2094 22165 1989

18400 4844 1105

19200 1172

20000 5116 1231

20700 1283

15160 27

15528 30

16865 36

20990 46

30485 58

38131 75

48343 91

58101 140

68010 185

77127

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region indicator currency definition 1995 1996 Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal belarusian monthly ruble 900421 wages of1449484 women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal kuna monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal lari monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal tenge monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal hryvnia monthly 66 wages of114 women, Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal argentine monthly peso wages of480 women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal brazilian monthly real 300 wages of354 women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal colombian monthly peso 212843 wages of260200 women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal colon monthly 56230 wages of69709 women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal united states monthly dollar 151 wages of162 women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal united states monthly dollar wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal quetzal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal lempira monthly 1012 wages of1272 women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal euro monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal pesos monthly 1166 wages of1470 women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal balboa monthly 361 wages of374 women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal guarani monthly 477383 wages of518742 women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal nuevo sol monthly 478 wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal uruguayan monthly peso wages of women, Latin America female and the average Caribbean gross nominal average wages nominal bolivar fuerte monthly 39 wages of65 women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal bahrainimonthly dinar wages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal dinar monthly 210 wages of215 women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal lebanese monthly pound wages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal rial monthly wages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal rial monthly wages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal syrian pound monthly wages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal new israel monthly shekelwages of women, Middle East female averagegross nominal average wages nominal monthly wages of women,

1997 1998 1999 in 2926395 local currency 7304733 units ####### in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units 47 in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in 132 local currency 131 units 149 in local currency units in 486 local currency 509 units 504 in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in 377 local currency 395 units 399 in local currency units in 321083 local currency 394930units 431387 in 83668 local currency 94825 units 96611 in local currency units in local currency units in 192 local currency 158 units 105 in local currency units 195 in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in 1558 local currency 1953 units 2321 in local currency units in local currency units in 1759 local currency 2121 units 2444 in local currency units in local currency units in 378 local currency 395 units 409 in 645623 local currency units 736440 in 702 local currency 915 units 913 in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in 115 local currency 149 units 174 in local currency units in local currency units in 225 local currency 235 units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units in local currency units

2000 78700

2001 150434

2002 198805

2003 265471 5251 86 17304

2004 388228 5540 108 21445

2005 495046 5806 131 25564

2006 589475 6149 178 30984

2007 694843 6549 240 41202

2008 848048 7016 368 46922

2009 924671 7181 398.3 53009

52

64

76

1091 191 492 256 479 310 424 379 464 485 503 675 658 885 840 1150 1031 1565 1349 1677 1680

449 453552 111747 133788

484 494527 139293

530 504443 157937

565 550941 171478

624 623537 181968

685 625285 213140

742 817793 237808

807 882040 271571

871 860458 340767

108 207

144 206

214 205

236

304 207 2142 2548

279 217 2173 2524 4638 2198 4311

300 230 2237 2448 4924 2223 4574

327 232 2303 2498 5654 2300 4791

349 241

367 247

3263

3482

4065

4055 2138 4134

6197

7177

3057

3408

3670

3950

4821

5102

428 409 775328 999 825

415 738969 905

414 871226 953

413 854429 640

412 948637 675

422 435 465 1029507 1043391 1171999 726 809 792

508 891

5313 188

5431 234

5481 262 263 219

5757 284 300 226

6082 382 302 218

6667 504 303 231

7692 654 296 249

201

211

9016 852 337 292000 277

9609 1127 363 314

11295 1428 337 327 660000 222 6106 11779 1671

177 4131 8834 1203 1235 1350 1367 1393 1471 1564

195 4939 9306 1564

211 5800 10977 1660

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 37 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name

region

indicator

definition

currency

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 38 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator 2010 2011 female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average4475 nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average10986 nominal wages female average nominal wages

source

source survey

source calculationsource notes

Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break

Central Statistical Office Employment of Botswana Stats Brief Figures are from September. Data are All from Employees all sectors excluding All the Sectors Ipelegeng Programme Establishment employees.

Ministre du Plan de Enquete la Republique 1-2-3 Democratique du Congo All Employees ILO Laborsta Weekly figures are multiplied by 52/12.

Main job

Household

10+

Ghana Statistical Service Ghana Living Standards Hourly Survey data are multiplied by 40*52/12.

Main job

Household

15+

Insee

Declaration annuelle de donnes sociales Annual data are divided by 12.

Full-time Employees

All sectors except certainEnterprise categories of All public Sizesworkers.

Swaziland Central Statistics Employment Office statistics

All Sectors

National Institute of Cambodia Statistics Socio-Economic Survey

All jobs

15+

Census and Statistics Quarterly Department Report of of Hong An Wage average Kong and of Payroll quarterly Statistics wage(Labour rate data Full-time Earnings are taken. Survey) Employees Full-time(time Employees Private and piece-rate). Sector. (time and Excludes piece-rate). Establishment mining and Companies quarrying, information with 10+ employees. and M(2009) communicatio Compan

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 39 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region indicator 2010 2011 Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average314550 nominal wages 381325 Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average5821 nominal wages 6422 Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average8068 nominal wages 8439 Asia female average3434 nominal wages 3650 Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average39176 nominal wages 40187 Asia female average9085 nominal wages 9740 Asia female average176 nominal wages Asia female average2297000 nominal wages Developed Economies female average3341 nominal wages 3473 Developed Economies female average1804 nominal wages Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average579 nominal wages Developed Economies female average3036 nominal wages 3132 Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average22666 nominal wages 22389 Developed Economies female average33416 nominal wages Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average2736 nominal wages Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average2791 nominal wages 2861 Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average309000 nominal wages 321000 Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average6386 nominal wages Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average243600 nominal wages Developed Economies female average391 nominal wages 412 Developed Economies female average1844 nominal wages Developed Economies female average3563 nominal wages 3656 Developed Economies female average1121 nominal wages 1145 Developed Economies female average1612 nominal wages Developed Economies female average3120 nominal wages 3180 Developed Economies female average33400 nominal wages 34800 Developed Economies female average3256 nominal wages Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average1786 nominal wages Developed Economies female average709 nominal wages 732 Developed Economies female average1519 nominal wages Developed Economies female average1624 nominal wages 1641 Developed Economies female average26200 nominal wages 26800 Developed Economies female average5902 nominal wages Developed Economies female average1634 nominal wages 1653 Developed Economies female average nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia 79919 nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia 227 nominal wages

source

source survey

source calculationsource notes

Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break

Ministry of LabourLabor of Korea Force Survey at Establishments

All Employees All Employees Private Sector

Establishment Companies with 5+ permanent M(1999); employees M(200

Mongolia NationalAverage Statistical wages Office and salaries sample survey ILO Laborsta Hourly data have been multiplied by 44*52/12. Government of Nepal Labor Central Force Bureau Survey Average of 2008 Statistics monthly earnings. Government of Pakistan Labour Statistics Force Survey Division

All Sectors Manufacturing Main job Main job

Establishment Household Household

15+ 10+

National StatisticalLabour Office of Force the Phillipines Survey Average daily basic (1) pay The is multiplied LFS collects by All basic 313/12. Employees pay only. Data exclude pay of Main workers job paid Household on commission basis, 15+ honorarium, boundary as in th Statistics Singapore Derived based on data from Central Provident Fund Board. All Employees All Employees All Sectors Administrative All Sizes ILO Laborsta Excluding major divisions Hourly earnings 4, 8 andare 9. March multiplied and by September. 45*52/12. National Statistics Republic Employee of Wage China Survey (Taiwan) National StatisticalLabor OfficeForce of Thailand Survey Annual data are an average of quarterly. All Employees

Industry & Services Household 15+

General Statistics Office Labour ofForce Vietnam Survey Average monthly income for wage workers. Household 15+ Australian Bureau of Average Statistics Weekly Earnings, Weekly data Australia has been Original multiplied series, by total 52/12. All earnings. Employees Annual All figures Employees are All an average Sectors of quarterly data. Establishment All Sizes Statistics Austria General Income Report Annual data are divided Data refer by 12. to the personal All Employees income All of Employees employees All Sectors from all All sources. jobs Apprentices Administrative areAll notSizes included. Data are official data from Belgium Ministry of Structure the Economy of Earnings Survey Excludes NACE rev. All 2Employees sectors: All A, O, Employees T All Sectors Combination. Companies Establishment with 10+ and Administrative. employees

Statistics Canada Labor Force Survey Weekly data multiplied by 52/12. Main job Household 15+ Statistical Service of Annual Cyprus Wages and Salaries Survey, Annual Mean Monthly Labor Statistics Rate Full-time Per 2009 Person, Employees Full-time Wage and Employees Salary All Sectors Earners CombinedEstablishment All Sizes Czech Statistical Office Structure of Earnings Survey Employees working Employees at least working All 30 Sectors hours. at least 30 hours.Combination. Companies Establishment with and 10+Administrative. employees (business Statistics Denmark All Sectors Combination. Companies Establishment with 10+ and Administrative. full-time employees Statistics Estonia Earnings Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Statistics Finland Structure of Earnings Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 5+ employees. C(2001) Insee Declaration annuelle de donnes sociales Excludes certain categories Full-timeof Employees public Full-time workers. Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes Federal Statistical Office Quarterly of Germany Earnings Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 5+ employees

Bulgarian NationalAnnual Statistical Establishment InstituteAnnual Survey data on are Employment, divided by 12. Wages, and Salaries and Other Labour All Sectors Costs Establishment All Sizes Statistics Iceland Icelandic Survey on Wages, Earnings,Covers and Labour manufacturing, Costs All Employees construction, Full-time wholesale Equivalent Selected and retail trade; repair, Establishment transport storage Companies and with communication, 11+ employees M(2006) and financial Central Statistics Office National of Ireland Employment Weekly Survey data are multiplied by 52/12. All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 3+ employees Israel Central Bureau Income of Statistics Survey Refers to gross monthly All Employees income from wages and salaries. All Injobs 2000 and Household 2001, East Jerusalem is 15+ excluded.

Japan Ministry of Health Basic Survey Labor and on Wage Welfare Structure Contractual cash earnings for ordinary workers. Statistics Latvia Quarterly reports of All economically economically active active commercial businesses, companies, budgetary All Employees individual institutions, Full-time merchants, foundations, Equivalent All Sectors peasant associations or fishermen and Combination. funds farms, regardless budgetary All Establishment Sizes of institutions, the number and foundations, of Administrative. employees associatio are cov Statistics LithuaniaQuarterly Sample Survey on Earnings, State Social Insurance All Employees Fund Board Full-time (SODRA) Equivalent All Sectors Combination. All Establishment Sizes and Administrative. STATEC Luxembourg Average Annual Earnings - Gent's agreement NACE rev1 avec C-K Eurostat only Full-time through Employees 2007. Full-time NACE Employees Private rev2 B-N Sector from 2008. 2009: Administrative Modification of the definition of a M(2008) full-time worke Malta National Statistics Annual Office Labour Force All Employees Main job Household 15+ Statistics Netherlands All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2009) Statistics New Zealand New Zealand Income Weekly Survey figures areRefers multiplied to the by wages 52/12. All and Employees salariesAll component Employees of individual All gross jobs income. Household 15+ Statistics Norway Wage Statistics, All Employees All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2008) Central Statistical Office Structure of Poland of Earnings Survey Employee coverage All changed Employees from Full-time full-time Equivalent All employees Sectors only, to full-time Establishment equivalent Companies employees with starting 10+ employees. in 2006. M(2006) Gabinete de Estratgia Quadros e Planeamento de Pessoal(GEP) do Ministrio Gross do Trabalho earnings e da Full-time Solidariedade Employees Full-time Social Employees Private Sector Administrative All Sizes Romanian NationalAnnual Institute Labour of Statistic Cost Survey Redenomination occurred All Employees in 2005 Full-time by 10,000. Equivalent AllArmed Sectors forces and similar Establishment are excluded. All Sizes Statistical Office of Structure the Slovak of Republic Earnings Survey All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes Statistical Office of Structure the Republic of Earnings of Slovenia Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes C(2005) Spain National Statistics Annual Institute Structure of Earnings Survey Agriculture and activities All Employees of housesholds All Employees as All employers Sectors (T) and activities Establishment of extraterritorial All Sizes organizations and bodies (U) are Statistics Sweden Salary Structures, whole economy All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes Swiss Federal Statistical Structure Office of Earnings Survey All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Companies with 3+ employees M(1998) Canton UK National Statistics Annual Survey of Hours Weekly and data Earnings are multiplied - Workplace by 52/12. Analysis All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2006)

National Statistics Service State Statistical of Armenia Report on the Number Data of Employees are from Annual andAll Wages/salaries Statistical Employees All Yearbook; Employees All Annual Sectors Statistical Handbook Establishment "LabourAll Market Sizesin the Republic of Armenia". Sec State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan ILO Global Wage Database 2010 40 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region indicator 2010 2011 Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia 1373092 nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia 7233 nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia 427 nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia 61104 nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia 1519 nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia 1974 nominal wages 2272 Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean 2159 nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean 921469 nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean 368469 nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean 417 nominal wages 460 Latin America female and the average Caribbean 247 nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages 1707 Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean 7221 nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean 5068 nominal wages 5142 Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean 546 nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean 891 nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Latin America female and the average Caribbean 12282 nominal wages 14151 Latin America female and the average Caribbean 1815 nominal wages Middle East female average366 nominal wages Middle East female average nominal wages Middle East female average359 nominal wages Middle East female average nominal wages Middle East female average nominal wages Middle East female average222 nominal wages Middle East female average nominal wages 6094 Middle East female average nominal wages Middle East female average11981 nominal wages 15592 Middle East female average nominal wages Middle East female average1671 nominal wages 1714 Middle East female average nominal wages

source source survey source calculationsource notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Republic of Belarus Establishment Official Statistics survey Redenomination occurred All Employees in 2000 All by Employees 1000. All Establishments Sectors of all sizes Establishment are included All with Sizes the exception of small business no

Republic of Croatia Annual Central and Bureau monthly of Statistics surveys on persons Excludes in paid persons employment in All employment Employees and gross and in crafts net earnings and All trades Sectors and dree lances,Establishment in the Ministry All Sizes of Defense, in the Ministry M(2003) of Interior National Statistics Office Establishment of Georgia survey All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment M(2006) Agency of Statistics of Kazakhstan All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes

TurkStat

Structure of Earnings Survey

Sectors B-N, P-S under Full-time NACE Employees Full-time Rev2. Employees

Establishment Companies with 10+ employees M(2010) Establishment Companies with 10+ employees M(2010) 14+ M(2003)

State Committee ofSurvey Statistics of Enterprises of Ukraine on Labour Statistics Excluding sections All P and Employees Q of ISIC Rev.3. All Sectors ILO-SIALC

Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Puntual (1996-2002);All Encuestas Employees Permanentes de Hogares Contnua Main job (2003-2009) Household

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

National Household Survey (Pesquisa Nacional Por Amostra All Employees de Domicilios)

Main job

Household

10+

Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); Encuesta All Employees Continua de Hogares Continua (ECH) All jobs (2002-2005); (1995-2000); Household Gran Main Encuesta job (2001+) Integrada 12+ de Hogares M(2002); Continua M(200 Encuesta de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EHPM) (1995-2009); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Main job (ENAHO) Household (2010+) 12+ (1995-1999); M(2010) 15+ (2010

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo (ENEMDU) / INEC Main job Household 10+ Ministry of the Economy Encuesta and de General Hogares Data Direction de prior Propositos of to Census 2003 Multiples Refers have andbeen Statistics to salarios converted (as from opposed colons to ingresos). to USD using the fixed exchange rate of 8.75 colons/USD. Insee DADS Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Annual d National Institute of Encuesta Statistics Nacional of Guatemala de Empleo e Ingresos 15+ Insee DADS Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Annual d ILO SIALC Insee ILO SIALC Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EPHPM) Main job Household 10+

DADS Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Annual d Encuesta Nacional de Empleo (1995-2004); Second Encuesta quarter of Nacional each year. de Ocupacin y Empleo (2005-2009) Household 12+ (1995-2004); M(2005) 14+ (2005

ILO SIALC ILO SIAL ILO SIALC

Encuesta de Hogares August of each year. Main job Household 15+ Encuesta Permanente de Hogares - AREA URBANA Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Encuesta Nacional Main job de Hogares Household (ENAHO) (2004+) 14+

M(2004)

ILO SIALC Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Ampliada (ENHA) Main job(2006+) Household 14+ M(2006) ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Second por Muestreo semester of each year. Household 15+ Kingdom of Bahrain Labour Market Regulatory Annual figures Authority are Average an average basic of quarterly wages. All Employees In data. regard All to agriculture, Employees All workers Sectors in agricultureCombination. enterprises,Workers manufacturing Household in private-sector and or Administrative. marketing establishments their product Central Organization for Statistics and Information Technology Household 15+ Jordan DepartmentEmployment of Statistics Survey All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes Central Administration Multiple of Statistics Indicators Clusters Survey, Round Excludes 3 (MICS3) construction. Oman Ministry of the Oman National Statistical Economy Yearbooks Data refer to Omanis only. Private Sector Qatar Statistics Authority Labour Force Survey All Employees Total wages and salaries is divided by total employees and then divided by 12. Syria Central Bureau Labour of Statistics Force Survey Main job Palestinian CentralPalestinian Bureau of Statistics Central Labor Bureau Force of Statistics Survey Daily data have been Employees multipliedAll by Employees 5*52/12. Main job 15+ Household Household Household 15+ 15+ 15+

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 41 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name

region

indicator

2010

2011

source

source survey

source calculationsource notes

Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 42 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages No female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages National female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages National female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female average nominal wages female averageEAC nominal wages National Yes female average nominal wages

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 43 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region indicator Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female M(1999); average M(2007) nominal wages National Yes Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages No Asia female average nominal wages National Yes Asia female averageEAC nominal wages National Asia female average nominal wages National. Excludes FATA and military restricted areas. Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages National Asia female averageRTD, nominal SVI wages National No Asia female average nominal wages Asia female average nominal wages Asia female averageRTD, nominal SVI wages National Yes Asia female average nominal wages National Asia female average nominal wages Asia female averageEAC nominal wages National Developed Economies female averageRTD nominal wages National Yes Developed Economies female averageGINC nominal wages National No Developed Economies female averageRTD, nominal EAE wages National Yes Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average nominal wages National Developed Economies female averageEAC, nominal EAE, wages SVI National No Companies Developed with 10+ Economies employees female average (business nominal sphere); wages National All sizes (non-business No sphere) Companies Developed with 10+ Economies full-time female average employees nominal (private wages sector) Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female averageRTD nominal wages National Yes Developed Economies female average nominal wages Metropolitan No France. Developed Economies female averageEAC, nominal RTD, wages National EAE, SVI Yes Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average nominal wages National No Developed Economies female average nominal wages National Yes Developed Economies female averageRTD nominal wages National Yes Developed Economies female averageGINC, nominal RTD, wages National SVI Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female average nominal wages Developed Economies female averageSVI nominal wages National No Developed Economies female average nominal wages National No Developed Economies female averageRTD, nominal SVI wages National Yes Developed Economies female average nominal wages National Developed Economies female averageRTD nominal wages National No Developed Economies female averageGINC nominal wages National Developed Economies female averageSVI nominal wages National Yes Developed Economies female averageRTD, nominal SVI wages National Developed Economies female averageEAC, nominal RTD wages National No Developed Economies female averageRTD, nominal EAC, wages National SVI No Developed Economies female average nominal wages National No Developed Economies female averageRTD nominal wages National No Developed Economies female averageEAC, nominal RTD, wages National SVI, EAR Yes Developed Economies female averageEAC, nominal SVI wages National No Developed Economies female averageEAC nominal wages National Yes Developed Economies female averageRTD nominal wages National No Developed Economies female average nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia RTD, nominal EAC, wages National SVI No Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 44 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name region indicator Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? Belarus Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia RTD, nominal EAC, wages National SVI No Bosnia and Herzegovina Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Croatia Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages National No Georgia Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia RTD, nominal EAE, wages SVI National. Excludes No territories of Abkhazian Autonomous Republic and Tskhinvali Region (former South Ossetian Autonomous R Kazakhstan Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia EAC nominal wages National No Kyrgyzstan Republic Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Moldova, Republic of Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Russian Federation Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Serbia Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Tajikistan Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Turkey Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages National Yes Turkmenistan Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Ukraine Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages National No Uzbekistan Eastern Europefemale and Central average Asia nominal wages Argentina Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Urban Bahamas (The) Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Barbados Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Belize Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Brazil Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Urban Chile Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Colombia Latin America female and M(2002); the average Caribbean M(2006) nominal wages Urban (1995-2000); Principle Municipalities (2001+) Costa Rica Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Urban Cuba Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Dominican Republic Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Ecuador Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Urban El Salvador Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Guadeloupe Latin extra-territoriales. America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domestiques et activits Annual data are divided by 12. Guatemala Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages National Guyana Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Annual data are divided by 12. Haiti Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Honduras Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Urban Jamaica Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Martinique Latin extra-territoriales. America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domestiques et activits Annual data are divided by 12. Mexico Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Urban Netherlands Antilles Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Nicaragua Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Panama Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Urban Paraguay Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Peru Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Urban. Lima. (1995-2003); Urban (2004+) Puerto Rico Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Suriname Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Trinidad and Tobago Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Uruguay Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages Urban Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin America female and the average Caribbean nominal wages National Bahrain Workers Middle in private-sector East female establishments average nominal with 10 wages or National more workers See notes - fourth stage 2002. On June 2004, mandatory insurance coverage was extended to workers in establishments wit Iraq Middle East female averageNET nominal wages National Jordan Middle East female averageEAC, nominal EAE, wages SVI National Kuwait Middle East female average nominal wages Lebanon Middle East female average nominal wages No Oman Middle East female average nominal wages Qatar Middle East female averageEAC nominal wages National Saudi Arabia Middle East female average nominal wages Syrian Arab Republic Middle East female average nominal wages National United Arab Emirates Middle East female average nominal wages West Bank & Gaza Middle East female averageNET nominal wages West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israel and settlements included. Yemen Middle East female average nominal wages

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 45 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name

region

indicator

Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 46 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - WOMEN

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator currency definition 1995 1996 1997 1998 male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal pula monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal congolese monthly franc wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal egyptianmonthly pound wages of 442 men, in local 472 currency 498 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal swazi emalangeni monthly 1087 wages of 1192 men, in local 1564 currency 1661 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal fiji dollar monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units ILO Global Wage Database 2010 47 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

641

732

680

724

776

836

12293 932

1023

106

2139

2173

2234

1962

1791

187576

11698

11375

11140

10878

11504

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator currency definition 1995 1996 1997 1998 male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal south korean monthly won 1381770 wages of 1536024 men, in local 1635357 currency 1579344 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal tugrik monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal kyat monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal rupee monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal rupee monthly 2375 wages of men, in local 3140 currency 3162 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal philippine monthly peso wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal singapore monthly dollar 2517 wages of 2646 men, in local 2781 currency 3141 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal sri lankan monthly rupee wages of men, in local 3157 currency 3580 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal new taiwan monthly dollar 40571 wages of 41892 men, in local 43714 currency 45004 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal baht monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal dong monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal australian monthly dollars 2847 wages of 2925 men, in local 3014 currency 3117 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local 2263 currency 2326 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal canadian monthly dollar wages of men, in local 2912 currency 2955 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal czech crown monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal danish krone monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal finish markkaa monthly 11972 (1995-2000); wages of 12426 men, euro in (2001-2010) local 12566 currency 12984 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency 2282 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly 2470 wages of 2539 men, in local currency 2639 units 2580 male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal krona monthly wages of men, in local currency 157000 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal new israel monthly shekel 4978 wages of 5596 men, in local 6612 currency 7088 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal lats monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal litas monthly 624 wages of 714 men, in local 925 currency 1161 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly 2762 wages of 2809 men, in local 2866 currency 2928 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal new zealand monthly dollar wages of men, in local currency 2951 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal kroner monthly wages of men, in local 21606 currency 23227 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal zloty monthly 831 wages of 943 men, in local 1278 currency 1441 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly 656 wages of 694 men, in local 718 currency 763 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal leu monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal slovak koruna monthly (2005-2008); wages of men, euro in(2009) local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal slovenian monthly tolar (2004); wages euro of men, (2005-2009) in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal swedish monthly krona 17300 wages of 18600 men, in local 19600 currency 20400 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal swiss francs monthly wages of 6057 men, in local currency 6259 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal pounds monthly wages of men, in local 1711 currency 1801 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal drams monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal manat monthly wages of men, in local currency units ILO Global Wage Database 2010 48 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

1734652

1884546

1975782

2193343

2406378

2557510

2719263

2870927

64700 2576 2389 3328

69200 3619

75800 3970 3654

86900 4355

98300 5699 4329

110000 6080

138125 17923 5249

3222 3726 46165

3518 4097 47253

5713 3606 4407 47010 6951

5826 3632 5121 46128 6940

5963 3698 5382 46691 7091

6051 3825 5895 47472 7206

6412 3962 6258 47836 7683

6906 4081 6963 48021 8071

3172 2373 2283 3031 1469

3299 2442 2338 256 3130 1572

3439 2455 2440 273 3226 1652

3599 2488 2462 290 3287 1729

3790 2523 2592 303 3344 1837

3893 2559 2677 321 3414 1912

4102 2619 2720 356 3520 2013 24271 612 2813 2690 3088

4289 2707 2756 393 3639 2100 25593 736 2922 2760 3138

13363 2313 2713

14111 2320 2732

2441 2380 2800

2523 2600 2889

2621 2670 2972

2708 2610 3034

170000 7741 367200 1186 3025

191000 8147 370300 1170 3144 953 3015 25408 818

211000 8642 373500 1181 3319 986 3167 26600 2430

221000 8645 367700 1243 3385 1039 3198 28279 2425 901

234000 2882 8416 368600 1296 3484 1044 3383 29205 942 727

245000 8459 333900 236 1366 3565 1034 3484 30217 2572 971 886 275426 1721 25700 6975 2229

278000 8575 372100 249 1492 3699 1071 3759 31201 1003 1037 21503 1216 1775 26400 2275

301000 3377 8712 372700 296 1743 3826 1104 2526 3785 32672 2904 1034 1222 22686 1284 1845 27100 7234 2362

2980 24200 1991 789

21200 1861

22500 6487 1932

23300 2037

24100 6773 2138

24800 2197

45

29208 59

33921 72

41452 84

49831 103

57043 131

66301 162

81625 192

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator currency definition 1995 1996 1997 1998 male average nominal gross average wages nominal belarusian monthly ruble 1139022 wages of 1685964 men, in local 3620277 currency 8606164 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal kuna monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal lari monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal tenge monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal hryvnia monthly 98wages of 167 men, in local 182 currency 176 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal argentine monthly peso wages of 660 men, in local 651 currency 695 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal brazilian monthly real 470 wages of 524 men, in local 552 currency 580 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal colombian monthly peso 268634 wages of 325746 men, in local 405830 currency 491450 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal colon monthly 73294 wages of 83950 men, in local 95789 currency 117439 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal united states monthly dollar 197 wages of 205 men, in local 232 currency 204 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal united states monthly dollar wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal quetzal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal lempira monthly 1308 wages of 1576 men, in local 1974 currency 2401 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal euro monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal pesos monthly 1557 wages of 1840 men, in local 2273 currency 2690 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal balboa monthly 495 wages of 496 men, in local 512 currency 489 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal guarani monthly 682836 wages of 705829 men, in local 847592 currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal nuevo sol monthly 740 wages of men, in local 1006 currency 1149 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal uruguayan monthly peso wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal bolivar fuerte monthly 43wages of 73 men, in local 127 currency 166 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal bahrainimonthly dinar wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal dinar monthly 320 wages of 333 men, in local 344 currency 359 units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal lebanesemonthly pound wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal rial monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal rial monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal syrian pound monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal new israel monthly shekelwages of men, in local currency units male average nominal gross average wages nominal monthly wages of men, in local currency units

1999 2000 38540745 97203

2001 181934

2002 245768

2003 334168 5868 163 28476

2004 478432 6206 201 34648

2005 625525 6492 268 41840

2006 738030 6909 362 49737

91

96

125

150

1107 206 663 269 661 367 641 447 613 552 679 707 743 953 951 1216 1173

571 507983 123181 502015 138273

635

681 510819 177789

735 580873 187437

782 636941 205300

860 695383 224695

941 716075 253971

161366

128 249

130 261

189 269

270 278

274

338 255 2307 2525

331 271 2348 2594 4965 2265 5330

334 260 2390 2690 5343 2296 5655

2960

3892

4106

4283

4502 2221 5162

3167

3937

4411

4657

4922

507 935662 1357

529 975588 1245

498 1285

507 981016 1258

515 1135879 1245

505 1068099 910

494 1249885 927

512 1314993 955

189

7701 203

7600 245

7744 272 254 246

7855 311 258 249

8608 414 255 250

8970 541 250 273

10475 714 250 291

234

238

177 5611 8669 1736 1642 1651 1647 1668 1729 1848

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 49 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name

region

indicator

definition

currency

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 50 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator 2007 2008 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 4047 wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 1131 wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 2290 wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 333916 wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 11863 wages 11920 male average nominal wages

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notesEmployee Coverage Wage Calculation SectorCoverage Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

4967

5370

Central Statistical Employment Office of Figures Stats Botswana Brief are from September. AllData Employees are from All Sectors all sectors excluding the Ipelegeng Establishment Programme empl

Ministre du Enquete Plan de la 1-2-3 Republique Democratique du All Congo Employees ILO Laborsta Weekly figures are multiplied by 52/12.

Main job

Household

Ghana Statistical Ghana Service Living Hourly Standards dataSurvey are multiplied by 40*52/12.

Main job

Household

Insee

DADS

Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domest

Swaziland Central Employment Statistics statistics Office

All Sectors

355560

National Institute Cambodia of Statistics Socio-Economic Survey

All jobs

11448

11871

Census and Statistics Quarterly Department Report An average of Wage of Hong ofand quarterly Kong Payroll wage Statistics Full-time rate data (Labour Employees Full-time are taken. Earnings (time Employees Private and Survey) piece-rate). Sector. (time and Excludes piece-rate). Establishment mining and quarry

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 51 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator 2007 2008 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 186700 wages 291250 male average nominal 25309 wages 34425 male average nominal wages 5721 male average nominal 6100 wages 7010 male average nominal wages male average nominal 7011 wages 7282 male average nominal 4335 wages 4560 male average nominal wages male average nominal 7660 wages 9319 male average nominal 48903 wages 49065 male average nominal 8315 wages 9091 male average nominal wages male average nominal 1464000 wages male average nominal 4503 wages 4690 male average nominal 2814 wages 2899 male average nominal 2783 wages 2909 male average nominal 469 wages 597 male average nominal 3753 wages 3913 male average nominal 2168 wages 2267 male average nominal 27489 wages 29628 male average nominal wages male average nominal 899 wages 980 male average nominal 3035 wages 3185 male average nominal 2850 wages 2955 male average nominal 3211 wages 3294 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 332000 wages 352000 male average nominal 3435 wages male average nominal 9267 wages 9627 male average nominal wages male average nominal 372400 wages 369300 male average nominal 385 wages 492 male average nominal 2114 wages 2387 male average nominal 3962 wages 4114 male average nominal 1156 wages 1209 male average nominal 2571 wages 2649 male average nominal 4104 wages 4244 male average nominal 34570 wages 36700 male average nominal wages 3557 male average nominal 1066 wages 1112 male average nominal 1468 wages 1814 male average nominal 24727 wages 26318 male average nominal 1370 wages 1481 male average nominal 1914 wages 1991 male average nominal 28000 wages 29400 male average nominal wages 7560 male average nominal 2421 wages 2530 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 96802 wages 116787 male average nominal 277 wages 325

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notesEmployee Coverage Wage Calculation SectorCoverage Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

Ministry of Labour Labor Force of Korea Survey at Establishments All Employees All Employees Private Sector

Establishment

322575

370375

470000

7997 7581 4436

9017 7947 4686

10211 8175 4964

Mongolia National Average Statistical wages and Office salaries sample survey ILO Laborsta Hourly data have been multiplied by 44*52/12. Government of Labor Nepal Force Central Survey Average Bureau 2008 monthly of Statistics earnings. Government of Labour Pakistan Force Statistics Survey Division

All Sectors Main job Main job Household Household

National Statistical Labour Office ForceAverage of Survey the Phillipines daily (1) basic Thepay LFS iscollects All multiplied Employees basic bypay 313/12. only. Data exclude pay Main ofjob workers Household paid on commis Statistics Singapore Derived based on data from Central Provident All Employees Fund All Board. Employees All Sectors Administrative ILO Laborsta Excluding major Hourly divisions earnings 4, are 8 and multiplied 9. March by and 45*52/12. September. National Statistics Employee Republic Wage ofSurvey China (Taiwan) National Statistical Labor Force OfficeSurvey Annual of Thailand data are an average All ofEmployees quarterly.

46459 8833 2562000 4903 2909 2999 673 4000 2336 29953 38032 3288 2988 3320

48898 9404 173 2668000 5153 2923 718 4077 30192 39297 3358 3416

50296 10093

Industry & Services Household

5374

4142 28234

3508

General Statistics Labour Office Force ofSurvey Vietnam Average monthly income for wage workers. Household Australian Bureau Average of Statistics Weekly Weekly Earnings, data Original has Australia been series, multiplied Alltotal Employees by earnings. 52/12. All Employees Annual figures All Sectors are an average of Establishment quarterly data. Statistics Austria General Income Annual Report data are Data divided refer to by All the 12. Employees personal income All Employees of employees All Sectors from All alljobs sources. Administrative Apprentices are n Belgium Ministry Structure of the ofEconomy Earnings Survey Excludes NACE All Employees rev. 2 sectors: All Employees A, O, TAll Sectors Combination. Esta Bulgarian National Annual Statistical Establishment Annual Institute data Survey are divided on Employment, by 12. Wages, and Salaries Alland Sectors Other Labour Costs Establishment Statistics Canada Labor Force Survey Weekly data multiplied by 52/12. Main job Household Statistical Service Annual of Wages Cyprusand Salaries Mean Survey, Monthly Annual Full-time Rate Labor Per Employees Person, Statistics Full-time Wage 2009 Employees All and Sectors Salary Earners Combined Establishment Czech Statistical Structure Office of Earnings Survey Employees working Employees at least working All 30 Sectors hours. at least 30 hours. Combination. Esta Statistics Denmark All Sectors Combination. Esta Statistics Estonia Earnings Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Statistics Finland Structure of Earnings Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Insee DADS Salaris temps complet ;Full-time ensembleEmployees des Full-time entreprises, Employees All en France Sectors. mtropolitaine. Excludes certain Establishment categories of p Federal Statistical Quarterly Office Earnings of Germany Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment

360000 9527 354600 515 2205 4203 1214 2783 4298 37800 1139 1906 913 1499 2064 30100 2554

374000 9720 360000 480 2151 4316 1256 2806 4461 39300 3832 2007 941 1574 2097 30600 7690 2581

393000

Statistics Iceland Icelandic Survey on Wages, Covers Earnings, manufacturing, and All Labour Employees construction, Costs Full-time Equivalent wholesale Selectedand retail trade; repair, Establishment transport st Central Statistics National Office Employment of Weekly Ireland data Survey are multiplied All byEmployees 52/12. All Employees All Sectors Establishment Israel CentralIncome BureauSurvey of Statistics Refers to gross All monthly Employees income from wages and salaries. All jobs In 2000 Household and 2001, East J

494 4212 1319 4582 40800

966 2118 31200 2591

Japan Ministry Basic of Health Survey Labor on Wage and Welfare Structure Contractual cash earnings for ordinary workers. Statistics Latvia Quarterly reports All economically of economically active active businesses, All commercial Employees budgetary Full-time companies, institutions, Equivalent All individual Sectors foundations, merchants, associations peasant Combination. orand fishermen funds Esta r Statistics Lithuania Quarterly Sample Survey on Earnings, State All Employees Social Insurance Full-time Fund Equivalent All Board Sectors (SODRA) Combination. Esta STATEC Luxembourg Average Annual Earnings NACE - Gent's rev1 agreement C-K Full-time only avec through Employees Eurostat Full-time 2007.Employees NACE Private rev2 Sector B-N from 2008. Administrative Malta National Annual Statistics Labour Office Force All Employees Main job Household Statistics Netherlands All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment Statistics New New Zealand ZealandWeekly Incomedata Survey Refers are multiplied to the All wages byEmployees 52/12. and salaries component of individual All jobs gross income. Household Statistics Norway Wage Statistics, All Employees All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Central Statistical Structure Office of of Earnings PolandSurvey Employee coverage All Employees changed Full-time from full-time Equivalent All Sectors employees only, to full-time Establishment equivalent Gabinete de Estratgia Quadros de e Planeamento Pessoal (GEP) Gross do earnings Ministrio Full-time doEmployees Trabalho Full-time e da Employees Solidariedade Private Sector Social Administrative Romanian National AnnualInstitute Labour Cost of Statistic Survey Redenomination All Employees occurred Full-time in 2005 by Equivalent 10,000. All Sectors Armed forces andEstablishment similar are exclud Statistical Office Structure of theof Slovak Earnings Republic Survey All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment Statistical Office Structure of theof Republic Earnings of Survey Slovenia Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Spain National Annual Statistics Structure Institute of Earnings Agriculture Survey and All activities Employees of All housesholds Employees All as Sectors employers (T) and activities Establishment of extrater Statistics Sweden Salary Structures, whole economy All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment Swiss Federal Structure Statistical ofOffice Earnings Survey All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment UK National Annual Statistics Survey Weekly of Hours data and areEarnings multiplied All - Workplace byEmployees 52/12. All Analysis Employees All Sectors Establishment

126765

124757 413

National Statistics State Statistical Service of Report Armenia onData the Number are from of All Annual Employees Employees Statistical All and Employees Wages/salaries Yearbook; All Sectors Annual Statistical Handbook Establishment "Labour M State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 52 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator 2007 2008 male average nominal 886521 wages 1147784 male average nominal wages male average nominal 7344 wages 7892 male average nominal 476 wages 678 male average nominal 62629 wages 73508 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 1578 wages 2080 male average nominal wages male average nominal 1513 wages 1880 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 1021 wages 1107 male average nominal wages male average nominal 895364 wages 1003445 male average nominal 298172 wages 339125 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 384 wages 403 male average nominal 282 wages 284 male average nominal 2436 wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 2741 wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 6013 wages 6742 male average nominal wages male average nominal 2359 wages male average nominal 6071 wages 6188 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 509 wages 532 male average nominal 1388703 wages 1555145 male average nominal 1030 wages 1138 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 12048 wages 13563 male average nominal 923 wages 1244 male average nominal 267 wages 293 male average nominal 357000 wages male average nominal 315 wages 364 male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal 197 wages 218 male average nominal 6884 wages 8100 male average nominal wages male average nominal 8961 wages 10552 male average nominal wages male average nominal 1855 wages 2039 male average nominal wages

2009 1240210 8033 690.8 81366

2010 1792072 8044 743 92764

2011

source source survey source calculation source notesEmployee Coverage Wage Calculation SectorCoverage Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Republic of Belarus Establishment Official survey Statistics Redenomination All Employees occurred All in 2000 Employees by 1000. All Sectors Establishments of all Establishment sizes are include

Republic of Croatia AnnualCentral and monthly Bureau surveys of Statistics Excludes on persons persons All in Employees paid in employment employment in and crafts All gross and Sectors and trades net earnings and dree lances, Establishment in the Minist National Statistics Establishment Office ofsurvey Georgia All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Agency of Statistics of Kazakhstan All Employees All Sectors Establishment

1510 2173 2183 2538 2811 3035

TurkStat

Structure of Earnings Survey Sectors B-N, Full-time P-S under Employees NACE Full-time Rev2. Employees

Establishment Establishment

State Committee Survey of Statistics of Enterprises of Ukraine on Labour Excluding Statistics sections All Employees P and Q of ISIC Rev.3. All Sectors

ILO-SIALC Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Puntual All Employees (1996-2002); Encuestas Permanentes Main de job Hogares Household Contnua (2003

1204 974912 390767 1089158 425637

ILO SIALC National Household Survey (Pesquisa Nacional All Employees Por Amostra de Domicilios) Main job

Household

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); All Employees Encuesta Continua de Hogares All jobs Continua (1995-2000); Household (ECH)Main (2002-2 job ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EHPM) (1995-2009); EncuestaMain Nacional job de Household Hogares (ENAHO

421 304

456 292

489

2087

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo (ENEMDU) / INEC Main job Household Ministry of the Encuesta Economy de and Hogares Data General prior deto Propositos Direction Refers 2003 have to of salarios Multiples been Census converted (as and opposed Statistics from to colons ingresos). to USD using the fixed exchange rate of 8.7 Insee DADS Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domest National Institute Encuesta of Statistics Nacional ofde Guatemala Empleo e Ingresos Insee DADS Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domest ILO SIALC Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EPHPM) Main job Household

7249

7051

6186

6243

6192

Insee DADS Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domest ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo Second (1995-2004); quarter of each Encuesta year.Nacional de Ocupacin y Empleo (2005-2009) Household

578 1209

616 1240

ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares August of each year. Main job Household ILO SIAL Encuesta Permanente de Hogares - AREA URBANA ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Main Encuesta job Household Nacional de Hog

15824 1513 294 379 702000 229 8484 10967 2048

16579 1928 311 403

18819

ILO SIALC Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Main job Ampliada Household (ENHA) (2006 ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Second semester por Muestreo of each year. Household Kingdom of Bahrain Labour Annual Market figures Regulatory Average are an average basic Authority All wages. Employees of quarterly In regard All data. Employees to agriculture, All Sectors workers in agriculture Combination. enterprises, Hou m Central Organization for Statistics Annual data and are Information All divided employee by Technology All coverage 12. Employees The data is assumed All are Employees an average as the Mining, average of three quarrying wage surveys is and derived in manufacturing. the Establishment industrial from the total sector Inwa m Jordan Department Employment of Statistics Survey All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment Central Administration Multiple Indicators of Statistics Clusters Excludes Survey,construction. Round 3 (MICS3) Oman Ministry Oman of the Statistical National Yearbooks Economy Data refer to Omanis only. Qatar Statistics Labour Authority Force Survey All Employees Syria CentralLabour BureauForce of Statistics Survey

229 7882 11227 13502

Private Sector Household Main job Household Household

2048 2039

Palestinian Central Labor Bureau Force Survey Daily of Statistics data have Netbeen daily multiplied wage. AllFigures Employees by 5*52/12. only refer to the PalestinianMain territory. job

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 53 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name

region

indicator

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notesEmployee Coverage Wage Calculation SectorCoverage Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 54 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name region indicator Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? Algeria Africa male average nominal wages Angola Africa male average nominal wages Benin Africa male average nominal wages Botswana Africa male Establishment average nominal wages No Burkina Faso Africa male average nominal wages Burundi Africa male average nominal wages Cameroon Africa male average nominal wages Cape Verde Africa male average nominal wages Central African Republic Africa male average nominal wages Chad Africa male average nominal wages Comoros Africa male average nominal wages Congo Africa male average nominal wages Cte d'Ivoire Africa male average nominal wages Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa male average nominal wages 10+ National Egypt Africa male average nominal wages Equatorial Guinea Africa male average nominal wages Eritrea Africa male average nominal wages Ethiopia Africa male average nominal wages Gabon Africa male average nominal wages Gambia Africa male average nominal wages Ghana Africa male average nominal wages 15+ National Guinea Africa male average nominal wages Guinea-Bissau Africa male average nominal wages Kenya Africa male average nominal wages Lesotho Africa male average nominal wages Liberia Africa male average nominal wages Libya Africa male average nominal wages Madagascar Africa male average nominal wages Malawi Africa male average nominal wages Mali Africa male average nominal wages Mauritania Africa male average nominal wages Mauritius Africa male average nominal wages Morocco Africa male average nominal wages Mozambique Africa male average nominal wages Namibia Africa male average nominal wages Niger Africa male average nominal wages Nigeria Africa male average nominal wages Reunion Africa male services average nominal wages Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Annual data are divided by 12. Rwanda Africa male average nominal wages Senegal Africa male average nominal wages Sierra Leone Africa male average nominal wages Somalia Africa male average nominal wages South Africa Africa male average nominal wages Sudan Africa male average nominal wages Swaziland Africa male average nominal wages Tanzania, United Republic of Africa male average nominal wages Togo Africa male average nominal wages Tunisia Africa male average nominal wages Uganda Africa male average nominal wages Zambia Africa male average nominal wages Zimbabwe Africa male average nominal wages Afghanistan Asia male average nominal wages Bangladesh Asia male average nominal wages Bhutan Asia male average nominal wages Brunei Asia male average nominal wages Cambodia Asia male average nominal wages 15+ China Asia male average nominal wages Fiji Asia male average nominal wages Hong Kong (China) Asia male average nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees. M(2009)Company EAC size coverage Nationalvaries Yes with industry. India Asia male average nominal wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 55 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal Companies wages with 5+ permanent M(1999); employees M(2007) National Yes male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages No male average nominal wages male average nominal wages 15+ EAC National male average nominal wages 10+ National. Excludes FATA and military restricted areas. male average nominal wages male average nominal wages 15+ National male average nominal All Sizes wages RTD, SVI National No male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal wages RTD, SVI National Yes male average nominal wages 15+ National male average nominal wages male average nominal wages 15+ EAC National male average nominal All Sizes wages RTD National Yes male average nominal All Sizes wages GINC National No male average nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees RTD, EAE National Yes male average nominal All Sizes wages National No male average nominal wages 15+ National male average nominal All Sizes wages EAC, EAE, SVI National No male average nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees (business sphere); National All sizes (non-business No sphere) male average nominal Companies wages with 10+ full-time employees (private sector) male average nominal wages male average nominal Companies wages with 5+ employees. C(2001) RTD National Yes male average nominal All Sizes wages Metropolitan No France. male average nominal Companies wages with 5+ employees EAC, RTD, National EAE, SVI Yes male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal Companies wages with 11+ employees M(2006) National Yes male average nominal Companies wages with 3+ employees RTD National Yes male average nominal wages 15+ GINC, RTD, National SVI male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal All Sizes wages SVI National No male average nominal All Sizes wages National No male Administrative average nominal wages M(2008) RTD, SVI National Yes male average nominal wages 15+ National male average nominal All Sizes wages M(2009) RTD National No male average nominal wages 15+ National male average nominal All Sizes wages M(2008) SVI National Yes male average nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees. M(2006) RTD, SVI National male average nominal All Sizes wages EAC, RTD National No male average nominal All Sizes wages RTD, EAC, National SVI No male average nominal All Sizes wages National No male average nominal All Sizes wages C(2005) RTD National No male average nominal All Sizes wages EAC, RTD, National SVI, EAR Yes male average nominal All Sizes wages EAC, SVI National No male average nominal Companies wages with 3+ employees M(1998) Cantonal EAC public National administration Yesincluded; M(2006) communal public administration included male average nominal All Sizes wages M(2006) RTD National No male average nominal wages male average nominal wages male average nominal All Sizes wages RTD, EAC, National SVI No male average nominal wages

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 56 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name region indicator Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? Belarus Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal All Sizes wages RTD, EAC, National SVI No Bosnia and Herzegovina Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal wages Croatia Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal All Sizes wages M(2003) National No Georgia Eastern Europe and Central Asia male Establishment average nominal wages M(2006) RTD, EAE, SVI National. Excludes No territories of Abkhazian Autonomous Republic and Tskhinvali Region (former Kazakhstan Eastern Europe and Central Asia male Establishment average nominal wages EAC National No Kyrgyzstan Republic Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal wages Moldova, Republic of Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal wages Russian Federation Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal wages Serbia Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal wages Tajikistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal wages The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal wages Turkey Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees M(2010) National Yes Turkmenistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal wages Ukraine Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees M(2010) National No Uzbekistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia male average nominal wages Argentina Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 14+ M(2003) Urban Bahamas (The) Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Barbados Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Belize Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Brazil Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 10+ Urban Chile Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Colombia Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 12+ M(2002); M(2006) Urban (1995-2000); Principle Municipalities (2001+) Costa Rica Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 12+ (1995-1999); M(2010) 15+ (2010+) Urban Cuba Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Dominican Republic Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Ecuador Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 10+ Urban El Salvador Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Guadeloupe Latin America and the Caribbean publique, male services average nominal wages Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Annual data are divided by 12. Guatemala Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 15+ National Guyana Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration publique, services domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Annual data are divided by 12. Haiti Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Honduras Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 10+ Urban Jamaica Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Martinique Latin America and the Caribbean publique, male services average nominal wages Salaris temps complet ; Ensemble des activits hors administration domestiques et activits extra-territoriales. Annual data are divided by 12. Mexico Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 12+ (1995-2004); M(2005) 14+ (2005+) Urban Netherlands Antilles Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Nicaragua Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Panama Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 15+ Urban Paraguay Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Peru Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 14+ M(2004) Urban. Lima. (1995-2003); Urban (2004+) Puerto Rico Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Suriname Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Trinidad and Tobago Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages Uruguay Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 14+ M(2006) Urban Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin America and the Caribbean male average nominal wages 15+ National Bahrain Middle East male average nominal Workers wages in private-sector establishments with 10 or National more workers See notes - fourth stage 2002. On June 2004, mandatory insurance coverage was extended to Iraq Middle East male average nominal All Sizes wages National. Excludes Yes Kurdistan. Jordan Middle East male average nominal All Sizes wages EAC, EAE, SVI National Kuwait Middle East male average nominal wages Lebanon Middle East male average nominal wages 15+ No Oman Middle East male average nominal wages Qatar Middle East male average nominal wages 15+ EAC National Saudi Arabia Middle East male average nominal wages Syrian Arab Republic Middle East male average nominal wages 15+ National United Arab Emirates Middle East male average nominal wages West Bank & Gaza Middle East male average nominal wages 15+ NET West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israel and settlements included. Yemen Middle East male average nominal wages

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 57 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 58 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 AVERAGE WAGE - MEN

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator currency definition 1995 1996 1997 median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal FCFAmonthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal congolese monthly franc wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal egyptian monthly poundwages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal CFA franc monthly wages 114662 in local 111864 currency 113975 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal shilling monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units ILO Global Wage Database 2010 59 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

17000

5500

123700

134736

139400

149152

152286

142133

139938

142133

141578

140000

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator currency definition 1995 1996 1997 median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal south korean monthly won wages 720000 in local 811000 currency 887000 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal macaumonthly pataca wages in local 4914 currency 5221 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal philippine monthly pesowages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal australian monthly dollars wages 2162 in local currency 2210 units median nominal gross wages median nominal euro monthly wages in local currency 1651 units median nominal gross wages median nominal euro monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal canadian monthly dollarwages in local currency 2272 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal czech monthly crown wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal danishmonthly krone wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal euro monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages 9648 in local 10065 currency 10137 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal krona monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal new israel monthly shekel wages 3091 in local 3484 currency 3992 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal lats monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal euro monthly wages 2356 in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal new zealand monthly dollar wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal kronermonthly wages in local currency 17871 units median nominal gross wages median nominal zloty monthly wages 617 in local 718 currency 946 units median nominal gross wages median nominal euros monthly wages 424 in local 448 currency 460 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal slovakmonthly koruna (2002-2008); wages in local euro currency (2009+) units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal swedish monthly krona wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal swiss francs monthly wages in local 4988 currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal pounds monthly wages in local currency 1165 units median nominal gross wages median nominal unitedmonthly states dollar wages 2076 in local 2123 currency 2180 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal drams monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal manat monthly wages in local 22 currency 18 units ILO Global Wage Database 2010 60 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

915000 5050

954000 4920

1023150 1086173 1179000 1273000 1353000 1469000 1552000 1618000 4822 4658 4672 4801 5167 5773 6701 7800

4716

4868

5183

5183

5217

5254

5578

2310 1670

2392 1703 1893 2383

2561 1730 1947 2438

2600 1760 2018 2499

2708 1785 2056 2576 15542 29590 2047

2808 1809 2137 2600 16707 30863 2118

2916 1830 2204 2624 17706 30766 2198

3033 1860 2227 2750 18589 31852 428 2279

3250 1903 2292 2816 19512 32944 518 2344

3402 1968 2342 2917 20908 34696 643 2428

2316

27019 10493 10793 11319

28884 1972

109000 4293

122000 4561

138000 4830

153000 5006 269500

166000 5122

180000 5078 266400

185000 5156 265400

210000 5131 264600

228000 5246 264600

252000 5547 263100

789 2244 19314 1090 486 2253 19979 1487 499 2318 20962 526

835 2383 21746 1826

3033 878 2448 23177 1821 589 11894

913 2535 23923 607 12469

910 2613 24821 1951 626 13544 1223

947 2765 25575 648 14836 1261 21600 1513 2821

3408 974 2909 26700 2130 668 15425 1312 22200 5674 1573 2908

1009 3070 28238 693 16917 1393 23000 1629 3012 50000 451

5104 1214 2271

1257 2379

5220 1298 2496

1354 2583

5417 1407 2635

1451 2687

5548 1497 2765

25

35

25

35

25

25

75

81

116

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator currency definition 1995 1996 1997 median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal lei monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal argentine monthly peso wages in local 450 currency 450 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal brazilian monthly real wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal colombian monthly peso wages 160000 in local 200000 currency 240000 units median nominal gross wages median nominal colon monthly wages 49451 in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal dominican monthly peso wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal unitedmonthly states dollar wages 136 in local 157 currency 150 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal lempira monthly wages 700 in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal pesos monthly wages 903 in local 1200 currency 1400 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal balboa monthly wages 312 in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal guarani monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal nuevo monthly sol wages 425 in local currency 620 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal uruguayan monthly peso wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal bolivar monthly wages 34 in local 58 currency 83 units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal emirati monthly dirham wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units median nominal gross wages median nominal monthly wages in local currency units

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

1000

1200

583

460

450

450

400

400

420

500

700

850

1100

477 285000 300000 300000 90930 343000 115000 369000 125570

499 399600 136264

523 426100 150000

598 460000 170000

612 549883 190330

104396

138

85

82

120

180

180

210

215

228

240

2000

2000

2250

2400

2800

3000

3200

1720

2064

2580

3000

3096

3440

3440

3655

3900

4200

350 700 703 726

300 689

300 728

300 683

300 592

350 578

350 624

355 676

120

120

5000 144

4874 168

5000 200

5131 240

5600 321

5975 405

6973 600

8076 800

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 61 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name

region

indicator

definition

currency

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 62 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator 2008 median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages

2009

2010

2011

source

source surveysource calculation source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

National Institute Enquete of Statistics 1-2-3 and Demography for Burkina All Faso Employees

Main job

Household

1018

Ministre du Plan Enquete de la1-2-3 Republique Democratique du Congo All Employees Main job Egypt Central Employment, Agency for Public Wages Weekly Mobilization and data Work are multiplied Hours and Statistics Bulletin, by Full-time 52/12. 2009Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors

Household Establishment

Senegal Les salaires : etat des Constructed lieux, tendances using et tables evolution on pages recentes, 49 and Momar 50 of the Ball report. Sylla, aout 2009, mimeo

Uganda Bureau Uganda of Statistics Employment and Earning Covers Survey the following Report Full-time 2009 sectors: Equivalent Full-time Agriculture, Equivalent Selected Manufacturing, Construction, Establishment Hotels, Finan

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 63 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator 2008 median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 1717000 wages median nominal wages median nominal 8000 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 6058 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 3488 wages median nominal 2021 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 3033 wages median nominal wages median nominal 22217 wages median nominal 35799 wages median nominal 735 wages median nominal 2551 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 267000 wages median nominal wages median nominal 5729 wages median nominal wages median nominal 262100 wages median nominal 356 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 1039 wages median nominal wages median nominal 3158 wages median nominal 29900 wages median nominal 2640 wages median nominal 722 wages median nominal wages median nominal 18348 wages median nominal wages median nominal 1520 wages median nominal 24000 wages median nominal 5823 wages median nominal 1685 wages median nominal 3129 wages median nominal wages median nominal 60000 wages median nominal 551 wages

2009

2010

2011

source

source surveysource calculation source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

1762000 1824000 8500 9000 10000

Ministry of Labour Survey of on Korea Labor Conditions by Employment Full-time Type Employees Full-time Employees Private Sector Statistics and Census Service Macao SAR Government

Establishment

6327

6454

6579

National Statistical Labour Office Force ofSurvey On the a Phillipines per individual (1) The basis, LFS daily collects Allbasic Employees basic pay pay is divided only. Data by corresponding exclude pay Main of normal job workers hours Household paid working on commission per day

3683 2037

3835 2043

3900

Australian Bureau Employee of Statistics Earnings, Weekly Benefits, data are Median and multiplied Trade Weekly Union by All 52/12. Earnings Employees Membership in All Jobs. All jobs Household Statistics Austria General Income Annual Report data are Data divided referby to 12. the All personal Employees income All Employees of employees All Sectors from All alljobs sources.Administrative Apprentices are not Belgium Ministry Structure of the of Economy Earnings SurveyExcludes NACE Allrev. Employees 2 sectors: A, O, TAll Sectors Establishment

3120 1526 22229 37787 2645

3167 1566 22608

3250 21826

2717

Statistics Canada Labor Force Survey Weekly data multiplied by 52/12. Main job Household Statistical Service Social of Cyprus Insurance Services Administrative Czech Statistical Structure Office of Earnings Survey Employees working Employees at least working All 30 Sectors hours. at least 30 hours.Combination. Establis Statistics Denmark Structure of Earnings Data are Statistics multiplied Data forare by the 37*52/12. total Private earnings AllSector, Employees minus All Full-time Employees pension Equivalent contributions Private Sector as contributions Establishment include those from Statistics Estonia Earnings Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Statistics Finland Structure of Earnings Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment

282000 5846 256800 319

294000 5984

307000

Statistics Iceland Icelandic Survey on Wages, Earnings, Covers manufacturing, and Labour All Employees Costs construction, Full-time Equivalent wholesale Selectedand retail trade; repair, Establishment transport stora Israel Central Bureau Income of Survey Statistics

Refers to gross All monthly Employees income from wages and salaries. All jobs In 2000 Household and 2001, East Jeru

303 1638 1106 3333 32200 2907

321 1689 1143 3467 33300

1062 3293 30900 741 630 1567 24900 1721 3202 60000

Japan MinistryBasic of Health Survey Labor on Wage and Welfare Structure Contractual cash Full-time earnings Employees for Full-time ordinary Employees workers. Private Sector Statistics Latvia State Revenue Quarterly Service Administrative data Refers are averaged. to Data income Allfrom Employees paidAll employment. Employees All Sectors Statistics Lithuania State Social Insurance Fund Board (SODRA) Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors STATEC Luxembourg Structure of Earnings SurveyNACE rev1 C-K Full-time only. Employees Full-time Employees Private Sector Malta National Annual Statistics Labour Office Force All Employees Main job

Administrative Combination. Establi Establishment Household

Statistics New New Zealand Zealand Income WeeklySurvey figures are multiplied by 52/12. Statistics Norway Wage Statistics, All Employees Data refer to the All mean Employees value Full-time in the 5th Equivalent decile. All Sectors Establishment Central Statistical Structure Office of of Earnings Poland SurveyEmployee coverage All Employees changed Full-time from full-time Equivalent All Sectors employees only, to full-time Establishment equivalent em Gabinete de Estratgia Quadros e de Planeamento Pessoal (GEP) Gross do Ministrio earningsFull-time do Trabalho Employees Full-time e da Solidariedade Employees Private Sector Social Administrative Statistical Office Structure of the Slovak of Earnings Republic Survey All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment

651 1585 25300 5979 1750 3237 70000

670

25900 1750 3276 65000

Spain NationalAnnual Statistics Structure Institute of EarningsAgriculture Survey and All activities Employees of All housesholds Employees All asSectors employers (T) and activities Establishment of extraterrito Statistics Sweden Salary Structures, whole economy All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment Swiss Federal Structure Statisticalof Office Earnings Survey All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment UK National Statistics Annual Survey Weekly of Hours data and are Earnings multiplied - Workplace by All 52/12. Employees Analysis All Employees All Sectors Establishment US Bureau of Labor Current Statistics Population Data Survey are multiplied (CPS) Data refer by 52/12. to full Full-time time wage Employees Full-time and salary Employees workers. Main job Household National Statistics Households Service Integrated of Armenia Living Condition Survey All Employees State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan Main job Household

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 64 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator 2008 median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 1500 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 1400 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 699 wages median nominal wages median nominal 606167 wages median nominal 219780 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 270 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 3668 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 4300 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 400 wages median nominal wages median nominal 744 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 8900 wages median nominal 1100 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal 3000 wages median nominal wages median nominal wages

2009

2010

2011

source

source surveysource calculation source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

1600

1800

1900

National Bureau Labour of Statistics Force Survey Moldova

All Employees

Main job

Household

868

TurkStat

Structure of Earnings SurveySectors B-N, P-S Full-time under NACE Employees Full-time Rev2. Employees

Establishment

1760

2000

ILO-SIALC Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares PuntualAll (1996-2002); EmployeesEncuestas Permanentes Main de Hogares job Household Contnua (2003-2009

778 633500 252747

815 690000 275000

936

Brazilian Institute Monthly of Geography Employment Annual and figures Survey Statistics Income are (PME) (IBGE) an average usually received of monthly fordata. a given month.

Main job

Household

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); Encuesta Continua de Hogares AllContinua jobs (1995-2000); Household (ECH) (2002-2005); Main job (2 ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EHPM) (1995-2009); Encuesta Nacional Main job de Hogares Household (ENAHO) (20

280

306

352

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo, Pre-2000 Desempleo can be y Subempleo converted from (ENEMDU) Sucres into dollars Main using job the average Household exchange rate. L

4000

4030

ILO SIALC Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EPHPM)

Main job

Household

4300

4300

4400

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo Second (1995-2004); quarter Encuesta of each year. Nacional de Ocupacin y Empleo (2005-2009) Household

400 799

435 800

ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares

August of each year.

Main job

Household

ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Main Encuesta job Nacional Household de Hogares (E

10249 1300

11319 1700

13345

ILO SIALC Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Main Ampliada job Household (ENHA) (2006+) ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Secondpor semester Muestreo of each year. Household

3200

United Arab Emirates Labour Force National Survey Bureau of Statistics

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 65 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source surveysource calculation source notes Employee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 66 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 10+ Urban. Ouagadougou. median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 10+ National median nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees National No median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal Companies wages with 15+ employees National No median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 67 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal Companies wages with at least 5+ M(1999); permanent employees National from 1999 Yes median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 15+ National median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 15+ M(2007) National median nominal All wages Sizes GINC National No median nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees National Yes median nominal wages median nominal wages 15+ National median Administrative nominal wages median nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees (business sphere); National All sizes (non-business No sphere) median nominal Companies wages with 10+ full-time employees EAC National median nominal wages median nominal Companies wages with 5+ employees. C(2001) RTD National Yes median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal Companies wages with 11+ employees M(2006) National Yes median nominal wages median nominal wages 15+ National median nominal wages median nominal Companies wages with 5+ regular employees National. Excludes Yes some parts of certain regions. median nominal All wages Sizes 15+ SVI National No median nominal All wages Sizes National No median nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees RTD, SVI National Yes median nominal wages 15+ National median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal All wages Sizes M(2008) SVI National Yes median nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees. M(2006) RTD, SVI National median nominal All wages Sizes EAC, RTD National No median nominal wages median nominal All wages Sizes National No median nominal wages median nominal All wages Sizes EAC, RTD, National SVI, EAR Yes median nominal All wages Sizes EAC, SVI National No median nominal Companies wages with 3+ employees M(1998) Cantonal EAC public National administration Yesincluded; M(2006) communal public administration included median nominal All wages Sizes M(2006) RTD National No median nominal wages 16+ National median nominal wages median nominal wages 15+ NET, RTD, EAC, National SVI median nominal wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 68 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 15+ NET National. Excludes the left side of Nistru and the Bender municipality (Transnistria region, controlled by separatists). median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal Companies wages with 10+ employees M(2010) National Yes median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 14+ M(2003) Urban median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 10+ Urban. Recife, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Porto Alegre. median nominal wages median nominal wages 12+ M(2002), M(2006) Urban (1995-2000); Principle Municipalities (2001+) median nominal wages 12+ (1995-1999); M(2010) 15+ (2010+) Urban median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 10+ Urban median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 10+ Urban median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 12+ (1995-2004); M(2005) 14+ (2005+) Urban median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 15+ Urban median nominal wages median nominal wages 14+ M(2004) Urban. Lima. (1995-2003); Urban (2004+) median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages 14+ M(2006) Urban median nominal wages 15+ National median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 69 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 70 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia ILO Global Wage Database 2010 71 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

indicator median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia ILO Global Wage Database 2010 72 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

indicator median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages median nominal wages

country name region indicator Belarus Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Bosnia and Herzegovina Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Croatia Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Georgia Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Kazakhstan Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Kyrgyzstan Republic Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Moldova, National. Republic Excludes of the left side of Nistru and the Bender Eastern municipality Europe (Transnistria and Central region, Asia controlled median bynominal separatists). wages Russian Federation Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Serbia Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Tajikistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Turkey Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Turkmenistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Ukraine Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Uzbekistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia median nominal wages Argentina Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Bahamas (The) Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Barbados Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Belize Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Brazil Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Chile Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Colombia Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Costa Rica Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Cuba Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Dominican Republic Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Ecuador Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages El Salvador Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Guadeloupe Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Guatemala Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Guyana Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Haiti Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Honduras Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Jamaica Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Martinique Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Mexico Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Netherlands Antilles Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Nicaragua Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Panama Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Paraguay Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Peru Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Puerto Rico Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Suriname Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Trinidad and Tobago Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Uruguay Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin America and the Caribbean median nominal wages Bahrain Middle East median nominal wages Iraq Middle East median nominal wages Jordan Middle East median nominal wages Kuwait Middle East median nominal wages Lebanon Middle East median nominal wages Oman Middle East median nominal wages Qatar Middle East median nominal wages Saudi Arabia Middle East median nominal wages Syrian Arab Republic Middle East median nominal wages United Arab Emirates Middle East median nominal wages West Bank & Gaza Middle East median nominal wages Yemen Middle East median nominal wages

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 73 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name

region

indicator

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 74 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MEDIAN WAGE

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage

definition minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage

currency algerian dinar kwanzas CFA pula CFA francs CFA

1995 4000

1996 4000

1997 4800

1998 6000

1999 6000

24918 3467

24918 3467

24918 3467

24918 3467

329 28811 3467

2000 6000 600 25000 355 28811 3467 23514

2001 8000 600 25000 390 28811 3467 23514

2002 8000 3000 25000 416 28811 3467 23514

2003 8000 4000 25000 451 28811 3467 23514

CFA comoran franc CFA CFA congolese franc egyptian pound CFA birr CFA dalasi ghana cedi CFA kenyan shilling maloti liberian dollars dinar ariary kwacha CFA ouguiya rupees dirhams metical CFA naira

25480

25480

25480

25480

36607 35 35 35 35 35 35

36607 35

36607 35

36607 7258 35

175

175

175

175

3.2

4.6

5.4

5.4

7.8

11.3

14.9

19.3

24.8

4241 430

4538 469

4809 502

4809 535

5534 589

6142 621

22110

24318

24318

27972

27972

32031 1430 26000

36018 1430 26000

36018 1456 26000

40000 1456 26000

1674

1674

1674

1674

5500

5500

18898 5500

20000 5500

CFA leone rand sudanese pounds swazi lilangeni tanzanian shilling CFA dinar uganda shilling kwacha afghanis taka ngultrums united states dollar yuan fijan dollar rupee

34857

36244

36244 21000

36244

36244

36244

36244

36244

36244

30 30000 13757 169 6000 13505

30 30000 13757 176 6000 47000

13757 140 6000

13757 147 6000

13757 154 6000

13757 157 6000

13757 164 6000

69 568 48000 13757 182 6000 76800

1204 74 48000 13757 189 6000 76800

240

270

40 290

40 310

40 400

45 412

45 435

45 465

45 465

1170

1170

1300

1300

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 75 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage

definition minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage

currency indonesian rupiah rial won kip ringgit rufiyaa tugrik rupee rupee kina philippine peso solomon islands dollar sri lankan rupee baht dong australian dollars euro euro canadian dollar cyprus pounds euro euro euro euro forint euro shekel yen lats litas (1995-1998); euro (1999-2011) euro euro euro new zealand dollar zloty euro leu slovak koruna euro euro

1995 103350 159990 264420

1996 118731 207210 288150

1997 131135 254460 316400

1998 150769 301530 335610

1999 174538 361830 344650

2000 205637 458010 361600 93600

2001 307173 567900 421490 93600

2002 362394 698460 474600 93600

2003 414715 853380 514150 93600

1950 1500 3782 4304 293 1790 15360 4082 4825 293 1853 15840 4082 5165 293 2003 15840 4212 5830 293 2132 15840 4212 6521 293 2227 15840 4212 180000 1670 1096 38 1192 126 89 1083 540 25500 945 2965 114227 50 113 1221 506 1111 1309 700 371 100 146 371 496

1950 2500 6912 293 2504 15840 4290 180000 1735 1140 44 1200 148 102 1127 552 40000 1009 3267 114920 60 127 1290 542 1180 1309 760 390 140 163 386 506

1950 2500 7303 293 2646 15840 4290 210000 1791 1163 51 1218 195 118 1154 582 50000 1009 3267 114920 60 125 1322 531 1232 1387 760 406 175 185 418 516

2394 2500 7303 293 2729 15840 4394 290000 1869 1186 57 1226 196 138 1215 607 50000 1073 3335 115093 70 125 1403 539 1265 1473 800 416 250 202 443 526

3770

1557

1618 1096 34 1192 99 80 1049 538 22500

1153

1174

1183

1192

12200

14500

17000

19500

1785 105907 180 1084

2085 107987 300 1084

2405 110413 400 1147

2622 112493 430 1147

2798 113360 50 104 1191 480 1078 1213 528 357 45 120 348 486

1213 305 259 8 81 370 272 10 90 450 283 25 90

1213 500 294 35 100

pounds united states dollar leks drams manat

737 3400 475 1

823 4400 830 1

893 4400 1000 1

893 5800 1000 1

624 893 6380 5000 1

641 893 7000 5000 1

711 893 7580 5000 6

728 893 9400 5000 6

780 893 10060 5000 9

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 76 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage

definition minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage minimum nominal monthly wage

currency belarusian ruble kuna lari tenge soms lei roubles dinar somoni turkish lira

1995 60000

1996 100000

1997 200000

1998 350000 1370

1999 2000 1450000 3600 1500 20 2605 100 83 1700 20 2680 100 132 1 119 118 2450 200

2001 10000 1700 20 3484 100 450 3 168 118 3430 200

2002 20330 1800 20 4181 100 450 4 251 165 4500 200 693

2003 47910 1859 20 5000 100 600 5 306 205 5400 300 693

262 75

1550 75

2129 83

2395 100

144

1 94

roubles (1995); hryvnia (1996 - 2009) 1 sum argentine peso 200 bahamian dollar belize dollars boliviano brazilian real chilean peso pesos colon pesos dominican peso united states dollar us dollar quetzal guyanese dollar gourde lempira jamaican dollar pesos gold cordoba balboa guarani nuevo sol

15 200

15 200

55 200

74 1750 200

205 100 58900 118934 32601 1296 115 552

223 112 65500 142125 38113 1296 115 600

240 120 71400 172005 45237 1555 115 600

300 130 80500 203826 51580 1555 125 663

320 136 90500 236460 57456 1757 125 722

355 151 100000 260100 63539 1757 125 975

400 180 105500 286000 71962 2075 118 125 1080

430 200 111200 309000 77578 2240 129 125 1150

440 240 115648 332000 85535 2720 138 134 1276 1820 1395 7800 1080 825 245 972413 460

441

598

676

775

910

962 5200 913 600 239 680162 410

1092 5200 977 670 239 782186 410

1245 7800 1033 730 239 876048 410

435 250 196 436425 132

632 250 196 480067 215

632 500 196 528075 345

830 500 212 591444 345

830 600 212 591445 345

trinidad and tobago dollar uruguayan peso bolivar bahraini dinar dinar kuwait dinar lebanese pound rial

625 32

760 53

900 75

990 100

1040 120

1060 144

1092 158

1110 190

1194 247

80 300000 300000 300000 300000

80 300000

80 300000

85 300000

85 300000

syrian pound

2664

2664

3175

3175

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 77 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name

region

indicator

definition

currency

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 78 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage

2004 10000 4250 25000 503 28811 3467 23514

2005 10000 5400 25000 537 28811 3467 23514

2006 12000 5200 31625 581 30684 3467 23514

2007 12000 6500 31625 615 30684 3467 23514

2008 12000 8600 31625 659 30684 3467 28246

2009 12000 8600 31625 659 30684 3467 28246

2010 15000 9371 31625 659 30684 3467 28246

2011 15000 31625 659 30684 3467 28246

25720

25720

25720

28000

28000 30000 36607 24267 35

28000 30000 36607 36400 35

28000 30000 36607 36400 400 95400 320 150000 508 84.0 19030 10606 878 3120 250 77063 3692 28460 21041 3874 2029 2300 28347

60000 43000 36607 36400 400

36607 35

36607 35

36607 35

36607 35

175

200 44000 36.4

200 80000 43.2

320 80000 51.3

30.2

320 80000 508 60.8

320 80000 508 71.6

420 150000 1300 100.7 19030 935 250 90236 28460 30000 3987 2231

6818 650

7295 673

8171 697

8171 755

8171 812 3120 70025 3692 28465 21041 3719 1933 1975 28347

50612 1456 26000 12802 1842

50612 2522 28465 21041 1842

56714 2522 28465 21041 1842

63543 2522 28465 21041 1842

9641 836 3120 250 70025 3692 28465 21041 3615 2029 2300 28347

20000 5500

20000 5500

20000 5500

28347 5500

28347 18000

source source survey source calculation source notes industry sector Statistiques Algerie (1995 - 2007); Secondary Sources (2008-2011) Private Secondary Sources (2000-2009, 2011); ILO Travail legal database (2010) Secondary Sources Central Statistics Employment Office of Survey Original Botswana Stats dataEmployment are in thebe which Brief Manufacturing, is equivalent Private service, to 100 and and parasta thebe= repa National Institute of Statistics and Demography for Burkina Faso (1995-2008); Private Second ILO Travail legal database Daily rates are multiplied by 5*52/12. Secondary Sources ILO Travail legal database No minimum wage exists. Secondary Sources Source indicates minimum wages Public exist by sect Secondary Sources Public Secondary Sources Secondary Sources Secondary Sources Industrial Official Gazette of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2003, 2008-9); Secondary s Secondary Sources Secondary Sources ILO Travail legal database. No centralized statutory minimum wage exists Secondary Sources Public Secondary Sources (2005-2009, 2011); Gabon Government (Office of Private the President) (2 Secondary Sources Human Rights Report indicates 48 hour workweek with a m Secondary Sources (1995-1998); When Ghana monthly National wage isStatistical not available, Office daily (1999-2009); wage is multiplie Ghana Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. ILO Travail Legal Database (2010); Secondary Refers Sources to lowest (2011) sectoral minimum wage. IZA Discussion Paper (1998-2004), Figures are Kenya the average National ofBureau occupational of Statistics minimum (2005-2010) wages pre Lesotho Ministry Kingdom of Finance of Lesotho and Development Statistical Yearbooks Planning Bureau of Statistic (1998-2009 Secondary Sources Hourly rate has been multiplied by 8. Daily rate is then mul Secondary Sources Public Madagascar National Social Security Fund Secondary Sources Daily wages are multiplied by 6*52/12. Secondary Sources National Statistical Statistical Office Yearbook Hourly 2008 rate is multiplied by 40*52/12. Private ILO Travail Legal Database Daily rates are multiplied by 5*52/12+ additional remunerat Secondary Sources (2000-2007); Hourly ILO rateTravail is multiplied legal database byIndustrial 44*52/12. (2008-2010, and commercial 2011) ILO Travail Legal Database Manufacturing ILO Travail Legal Database No centralized statutory minimum wage exists Secondary Sources (2002-2005, 2011); ILO Travail Legal Database (2006-2010) National Minimum The Middle Wage Class Act (2000); in Nigeria, Nigeria Conflicting Analyis National of sources Profile, Bureau issue Determinants, of Statistics an increase (2007); and in 2000. Chara Sec

36244

36244

36244

36244

36244

36244

36244

1310 125 48000 13757 195 6000 76800

1425 125 48000 13757 200 6000 83200

1505 125 48000 13757 206 6000 268000

1595 124 48000 13757 213 6000 268000

1737 124

1947 124

2084 190 80000 28000 235 6000 268000 4000 3000

2159

28000 223 6000 268000

28000 225 6000 268000

28000 246 6000 419000 5000 3000 3000 61 1160 536 2990

1662

1662

1662

1662

45 545

45 580

50 640

50 730

50 800

50 800 488 2600

61 960 488 2600

1716

1716

1716

1716

2080

Secondary Sources Sources indicate that minimum wages exist by ILO Travail legal database (1996-2009); Secondary Sources (1995,2010) Non-agricultural Minimum Wage Act (1997) Minimum wage in existence. However, source Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. South Africa Department of Labour These wages refer Wholesale to the and lowest Retail paid worker in Secondary Sources Refers to the lowest minimum wage provided Swaziland Ministry of Enterprise Weekly and data Employment are The multiplied monthly wage by 52/12. for the lowest paid employ Secondary Sources (2000-2007); Tanzania Secondary Government sources Commerce, Regulation indicate industrial, of that Wages there trading and wasTerm a ch Togo official government website (1995-2008); ILO Travail legal database Non-agricultural (2009-2010 National Institute of Statistics Hourly Tunisia wage and is Official multiplied Decrees by 40*52/12. from theNon-agricultural Office of the Prim Secondary Sources Secondary Sources Secondary Sources Secondary sources indicate there is a minimum Secondary Sources Public Secondary Sources Garment workers Bhutan Ministry of Labour and Human Resources, Royal Government of Bhutan Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. Secondary Sources (1997-2009, 2011); ILO Travail legal database (2010) Textile, garment an Beijing Municipal Bureau of Data Human are the Resources statutoryand minimum Social Security monthly website wage in Beijing, th Fiji Department Wages of Labour Council Hourly Employment rates areRelation multiplied Promulgation by 9*5*52/12. 2007 Manufacturing Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists in 2010. First-ever m Secondary Sources (2000-2007,2011); Daily data are Press multiplied Information by 6*52/12. Bureau Government of India

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 79 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage

2004 458499 1066000 567260 93600

2005 470118 1266784 641840 93600

2006 549237 1500000 700600 200000

2007 611969 1830000 786480 200000 155

2008 678033 2196000 852020 290000

2009 754767 2635200 904000 348000

2010 817718 3030000 928860 348000

2011 891473

source source survey source calculation source notes industry sector Secondary Sources (1995-2004); From 2005, Statistics the minimum Indonesiawage (Statistik is a calculated Upah) (2005-2011) weighted ave Central Bank Annual of Iran Review

902880 348000

108000 2394 2500 7825 293 2949 15840 4420 290000 1943 1186 61 1265 211 159 1286 631 53000 1183 3335 115267 80 145 1438 547 1265 1560 824 426 280 216 465 573 2394 3000 8477 293 3010 15840 4628 350000 2025 1210 77 1304 239 172 1218 668 57000 1293 3335 115787 80 159 1503 561 1265 1647 849 437 310 229 491 599 3300 3000 9129 293 3063 15840 4784 450000 2100 1234 82 1343 279 192 1254 710 62500 1293 3585 116653 90 174 1541 580 1285 1777 899 450 330 252 512 631 3300 4600 9442 293 4127 17280 4966 540000 2218 1283 92 1387 279 230 1280 768 65500 1462 3710 119080 120 203 1570 584 1317 1950 936 470 390 269 522 666 4600 6000 163 9964 780 5283 17280 5278 540000 2356 1336 112 1495 743 335 278 1321 794 69000 1462 3850 121853 160 232 1610 612 1357 2080 1126 497 540 269 567 700

108000 4600 6000 437 9964 780 5888 17280 5278 650000 2356 1388 123 1560 791 309 278 1338 863 71500 1462 3850 123587 180 232 1683 635 1399 2167 1276 525 600 296 589 728

3100 108000 4600 7000 437 10538 780 17280 5356 730000 2470 1388 123 1712 835 311 278 1344 863 73500 1462 3850 126533 180 232 1725 660 1416 2210 1317 554 600 308 734 739

140400 6200 7000 437 11112

17880 5590

2554 1444 123 1725 855 329 278 1365 877 78000 1462 4100 127747 200 232 1758 665 1435 2253 1386 566 670 317 748 748

Korea Ministry of Labor * In Korea, the minimum wage is announced by hour, not by Secondary Sources Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. ILO Travail legal database Minimum wages only exist Cinema in one sector workers andse t Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists in Public the private sector. Secondary Sources; ILO Travail legal database Conflicting secondary sources suggest that the Secondary Sources Conflicting sources regarding the level. Howe Secondary Sources; ILO Travail legal database Minimum wage for unskilled Private laborers in non-a ILO Travail legal database (2000-2008), Refers Pakistan to Ministry the minimum of Manpower wage Private for (2009-2010); unskilled wor Secondary Sources Weekly rate multiplied Sources conflict; by 52/12. some indicate coverage is lim National Statistical National Office Wages of Daily the and Phillipines figures Productivity are multiplied Commission by 313/12. Non-agricultural. ILO Travail legal database No minimum wage exists. Solomon Islands Central Bank Hourly (1996-2007); wagesA are separate Secondary multiplied rate Sources by is set 45*52/12. for(2008-2010) the fishing and agricu Sri Lanka Department of Labour Daily Statistics rates have been multiplied by 5.5*52/12. Manufacturing Taiwan Council of Labor Affairs; Secondary Sources (2011) Industrial, agricultu Ministry of Labor Daily rate has been multiplied by 6*52/12. Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. Secondary Sources (2000-2005); ILO Travail Refers legal to common database; minimum ILO Natlex wage (2006-2010) level. Fair Work Australia Weekly rate multiplied by 52/12. No minimum wage exists. There is no general Eurostat Minimum wage for workers Private 21 years old and o Eurostat Canada Ministry of LabourAverage of Ontario Hourly and minimum Quebecwages minimum for adult wageworkers. is multiplie Cyprus Department of Labor Relations (2008); Secondary Clerks, Sources shop (2009-2011) assistants, school as Eurostat Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. Eurostat Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. Eurostat

841 893 10080 13000 20

875 893 11800 13000 30

927 893 14000 15000 30

957 1014 16100 20000 50

993 1135 17000 25000 75

1005 1257 18000 30000 75

1028 1257 19000 30000 85

1054 1257 20000 32500 85

Eurostat Hungarian Central Statistic Office Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. Eurostat Israel National Insurance Institute (1995-2009); Bank of Israel (2010-2011) ILO Travail legal database No minimum wage exists. Japan Labor Review A New (1995-2008); Departure in Japanese Ministry Minimum Minimum of Health wage Labor Wage rates and Legislation, are Welfare precalculated Hiroya (2009-2011) weight Nakak Eurostat Eurostat Portail du Statistiques du Luxembourg; Eurostat Refers to (2010+) the minimum wage Private for unskilled wor Eurostat Eurostat New Zealand Department of Weekly Labour rate multiplied by 52/12. ILO Travail legal database No minimum wage exists. Poland Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Eurostat (2010+) Portugal Ministry of Labor (1995-1998); Eurostat (1999-2011) Romania Ministry of Labor, Family, and Social Protection Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Monthly Republic Manufacturing Survey Eurostat Private Eurostat Private ILO Travail legal database No minimum wage exists. ILO Travail legal database No minimum wage exists. United Kingdom Low Pay Commission Hourly rate multiplied Adult rate by minimum 40*52/12. wage. United States Wage Department and Hour of Hourly Labor Division rate multiplied The Fair Labor by 40*52/12. Standards Act (FLSA) mandat Albania National Social Institute Indicators, of Statistics Wages National Statistics Service of Armenia (2005-2009) ;Secondary Sources (1995-2004,20 State Statistical Statistical Committee Yearbook of the Republic of Azerbaijan

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 80 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage

2004 128390 1951 20 6600 100 720 7 444 237 6530 450 693

2005 134970 2081 20 9200 100 800 7107 12 489 332 9400 630 693

2006 165220 2170 20 9200 100 1100 8493 20 531 400 12420 800 693

2007 188360 2298 20 9752 340 2300 11007 20 585 460 15525 980 693 585 525 380 144000 433700 135346 225 4485 170 155 1625 1820 2156 13867 1271 1431 277 1341775 530

2008 220080 2747 20 12025 340 2300 13520 60 639 605 25040 1240 693 585 578 415 159000 461500 156612 225 4485 200 163 1705 17333 1820 2393 16033 1322 1646 289 1341775 550

2009 229700 2814 20 13717 340 4330 15080 60 693 744 37680 1440 693 585 647 465 165000 496900 170937 225 5158 218 176 1810 17853 5200 5500 16280 1383 2156 289 1408863 550

2010 400000 2814 20 14952 500 1100 4330 16467 80 761 922 45215 1740 693 605 680 510 172000 515000 187029 225 5158 240 176 1930 6500 5500 16280 1450 2422 318 1507484 580

2011 925520 2814 20 15999 690 4611 17680 80 837 1004 62920 2300

source source survey source calculation source notes industry sector Republic of Belarus Official Statistics Secondary Sources Sources indicate that there is a minimum wage Republic of Croatia Central Bureau of Statistics Secondary Sources Private Agency of Statistics of Kazakhstan National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic Secondary Sources Private Secondary Sources (1999-2004); Ministry of Health Main Indicators for 2009-2010 (20 Statistical Office of the Republic Hourly of data Serbia are Refers multiplied to the net by 40*52/12. hourly minimum wage. State Committee on Statistics of Tajikstan (1995-2009, 2011); ILO Travail legal databa Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. Eurostat Secondary Sources Sources are conflicting in regard to a minimum State Committee of Statistics of Ukraine Secondary Sources (1999-2010); Uzkekistan Ministry of Finance (2011) ILO-SIAL ILO Travail Legal Database (2002-2009); Private Secondary sector Sources minimum (2010) wage. Employment A

440 260 120000 358000 94967 100 3900 144 134 1440 1820 1562 8667 1125 898 245 972413 460

440 300 127500 381500 108880 225 3900 150 134 1440 1820 1750 10400 1176 1033 245 1089103 460

500 350 135000 408000 122685 225 3900 160 148 1559 1820 1942 12133 1223 1213 264 1219795 500

605 815 545 182000 532500 198666 225 6035 264 190 2161 6500 5858 18000 1509 2747 318 1658232 675

ILO Travail legal database (2007-2009); Applies Secondary to manual Sources workers; (2011) shop assistants; an ILO-SIAL ILO-SIAL ILO-SIAL Minimum wage applicable for those between 1 ILO-SIAL ILO-SIAL ILO Travail Legal Database (2005-2009); Secondary Sources (2004, 2011) ILO-SIAL ILO-SIAL ILO-SIAL

ILO-SIAL Secondary Sources Applies to certain categories of private sector Parliament of Le Haiti Moniteur (2003-2009); (Journal ILO Officel Travail Daily de Legal la minimum Republique Database wage d'Haiti) (2010-2011) multiplied by 6*52/12. ILO-SIAL Minimum monthly wage in industry. Statistical Institute of Jamaica 2011 (2000-2010); hourly rate is ILO multiplied Travail Legal by 40*52/12. Database This (2011) is consisten ILO-SIAL ILO-SIAL ILO-SIAL ILO-SIAL ILO-SIAL

Minimum wage in industry. Minimum wage for the IPC Asuncin Metropo

1310 321

1560 2500 405

1560 3000 512

1560 3244 615

1560 4150 799

1560 4441 968

1560 4799 1224

2167 6000 1548 300 150 60 500000 200

85 300000

95 300000

110 300000

110 300000

110 500000 140

150 500000 140

150 60 500000 140

3200

3200

5900

5900

6110

6110

6110

Trinidad & Tobago Minimum Wages Order Hourly 2005 data (2005); are multiplied Secondary bySources 40*52/12. (2006-20 ILO-SIAL Minimum wage for those over 18. ILO-SIAL Minimum monthly wage for workers in Boliva ILO Travail Legal Database; Secondary Sources A minimum wage only exists Public for the sector public sec Secondary Sources A minimum wage exists, but it is difficult to as Secondary Sources (1999-2011) ILO Travail Legal Database (2010); Secondary Sources (2011) Private sector. Secondary Sources (1996-2007, 2011); Government of Lebanon (2008-2009) Secondary Sources Private sector. Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. ILO Travail Legal Database No minimum wage exists. ILO Travail Legal Database (2009); Secondary Sources Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. Minimum wage est Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists. Secondary Sources No minimum wage exists.

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 81 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name

region

indicator

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notes industry

sector

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 82 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name region indicator Geographic Coverage Employee coverage Algeria Africa minimum wage Angola Africa minimum wage National Benin Africa minimum wage Botswana Africa minimum Private wage and parastatals Burkina Faso Africa minimum wage Refers to non-agricultural sector. Burundi Africa minimum wage Gitega and Bujumbura. Cameroon Africa minimum wage Cape Verde Africa minimum wage Central African Republic Africa minimum wage Chad Africa minimum wage Comoros Africa minimum wage National Congo Africa minimum wage Cte d'Ivoire Africa minimum wage Democratic Republic of the Congo Official Gazette of the Democratic Africa Republic of the Congo (2003, minimum 2008-9); wage Secondary sources (2010+) Egypt Africa minimum wage National Equatorial Guinea Africa minimum wage National Eritrea Africa No centralized statutory minimum minimum wage wage exists. Minimum wages are fixed by collective agreement at the enterprise level. Ethiopia Africa minimum wage Gabon Africa minimum wage Excludes domestic workers. Gambia Human Africa Rights Report indicates 48 hour minimum workweek wage with a maximum Lowest of 6 days. reported Dailyminimum rate multiplied wage by for6*52/12 unskilled tolabor. obtain the monthly rate. Ghana Africa minimum wage National Guinea Africa minimum wage Guinea-Bissau Africa Refers to lowest sectoral minimum minimum wage wage. Kenya Africa minimum wage Urban areas: Nairobi areas, Mombasa, and Kisumu. Lesotho Africa minimum wage Minimum wage refers to the wage for a general unskilled labor (light unskilled physical work) for 1998-2003. General minimum wage is applied from 2004 onwa Liberia Hourly Africa rate has been multiplied by 8.minimum Daily rate wage is then multiplied by Mininum 6*52/12. wage refers to unskilled non-agricultural labor. Libya Africa minimum wage Madagascar Africa minimum wage National Minimum wage refers to non agricultural workers. Malawi Africa minimum wage Urban Mali Africa minimum wage National Mauritania Africa minimum wage Ouguiya Mauritius Daily Africa rates are multiplied by 5*52/12+ minimum additional wage remuneration legally Applies specified. to unskilled factory workers. Morocco Africa minimum wage Mozambique Africa minimum wage Namibia Africa No centralized statutory minimum minimum wage wage exists. Minimum wages are fixed by collective agreement. Niger Africa minimum wage National Nigeria Africa minimum wage National Reunion Africa minimum wage Rwanda Africa Sources indicate that minimum minimum wages wageexist by sector however, sources conflict in regard to the levels. Senegal Africa minimum wage National Sierra Leone Africa minimum wage National Somalia Africa minimum wage South Africa Africa minimum wage Area A which includes a series of metropolitan and local municipalitis including Cape Town and Johannesburg. Sudan Africa Refers to the lowest minimum minimum wage wage provided in the secondary source. Swaziland Africa The monthly wage for the minimum lowest paid wageemployee in the manufacturing and processing sector (learner spinner). Tanzania, United Republic of Africa Commerce, minimum industrial, wage trading Togo Africa minimum Non-agricultural wage Tunisia Africa minimum Non-agricultural wage Uganda Africa minimum wage Zambia Africa minimum wage Zimbabwe Africa Secondary sources indicate minimum there is wage a minimum wage for agriculture and domestic workers. However, identifying the actual levels reveals conflicting sources. Afghanistan Asia minimum wage Bangladesh Asia minimum wage Sectoral Bhutan Asia minimum wage National Brunei Asia minimum wage Cambodia Asia minimum Textile, wage garment and shoe-sewing sector China Asia minimum wage Regional Fiji Asia minimum wage Sectoral Hong Kong (China) Asia No minimum wage exists minimum in 2010. wage First-ever minimum wage begins in 2011. India Asia minimum wage National ILO Global Wage Database 2010 83 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name region indicator Geographic Coverage Employee coverage Indonesia Asia minimum wage Regional Iran, Islamic Republic of Asia minimum wage Korea (North) Asia minimum wage Korea, Republic of Asia minimum wage National Lao People's Democratic Republic Asia minimum wage Macau (China) Asia minimum wage Malaysia Asia minimum wage Sector/occupation Maldives, Republic of Asia minimum wage Mongolia Asia minimum wage National Myanmar Asia Conflicting sources regarding minimum the wage level. However, secondary sources suggest minimum wages are in place for the public sector and for certain limited private sectors. Nepal Asia minimum wage Pakistan Asia minimum wage Papua New Guinea Asia minimum wage National Philippines Asia minimum wage Regional. Metro Manila. Singapore Asia minimum wage Solomon Islands Asia A separate rate is set for minimum the fishing wage and agriculture sectors. All other sectors have the same minimum wage rate. Sri Lanka Asia minimum wage Sectoral Taiwan (China) Asia minimum wage Sectoral Thailand Asia minimum wage Regional. Bangkok region. Timor-Leste Asia minimum wage Viet Nam Asia Refers to common minimum minimum wage wage level. Australia Developed Economies minimum wage National Austria Developed Economies No minimum wage exists. minimum There is wage no general statutory minimum wage for Austria or large parts of any employment sector. Belgium Developed Economies minimum wage Bulgaria Developed Economies minimum wage National Canada Developed Economies minimum wage Regional Cyprus Developed Economies Clerks, shop minimum assistants, wage school assistants,Employees assistant baby employed and child forminders less than and 6 months. nursing assistants and from 1 July 2008, security guards and employees with sanitation and caring duties in clinics, private h Czech Republic Developed Economies minimum wage National Denmark Developed Economies minimum wage Estonia Developed Economies minimum wage National Finland Developed Economies minimum wage France Developed Economies minimum wage Germany Developed Economies minimum wage Greece Developed Economies minimum wage National Hungary Developed Economies minimum wage National Iceland Developed Economies minimum wage Ireland Developed Economies minimum wage Israel Developed Economies minimum wage Italy Developed Economies minimum wage Japan Developed Economies minimum wage Regional Latvia Developed Economies minimum wage National Lithuania Developed Economies minimum wage National Luxembourg Developed Economies minimum wage Malta Developed Economies minimum wage National Netherlands Developed Economies minimum wage National New Zealand Developed Economies minimum wage National Norway Developed Economies minimum wage Poland Developed Economies minimum wage Portugal Developed Economies minimum wage National Romania Developed Economies minimum wage National Slovakia Developed Economies minimum wage National Slovenia Developed Economies minimum wage Spain Developed Economies minimum wage Sweden Developed Economies minimum wage Switzerland Developed Economies minimum wage United Kingdom Developed Economies minimum wage National United States Developed Economies minimum wage National Albania Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage National Armenia National Statistics Service of Eastern Armenia Europe (2005-2009) and Central ;Secondary Asia Sources minimum (1995-2004,2010-2011) wage Azerbaijan Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage ILO Global Wage Database 2010 84 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name region indicator Geographic Coverage Employee coverage Belarus Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage Bosnia and Herzegovina Eastern Europe Sources and Central indicate Asia that there minimum is a minimum wage wage in place, but that it differs by political entity (Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina). Croatia Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage National Georgia Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage Kazakhstan Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage Kyrgyzstan Republic Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage Moldova, Republic of Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage Russian Federation Secondary Sources (1999-2004); Eastern Ministry Europeof and Health Central Main Asia Indicators minimum for 2009-2010 wage (2005-2006); ILO Travail legal database (2007-2010) Serbia Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage Tajikistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage National The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage Turkey Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage National Turkmenistan Eastern Europe Sources and Central are conflicting Asia minimum in regard to wage a minimum wage existence. Some indicate a minimum wage exists for the public sector. Others suggest it also exists for the private. Ukraine Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage National Uzbekistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia minimum wage Argentina Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Bahamas (The) Latin America Private and the sector Caribbean minimumminimum wage. Employment wage Act 2001 work week is 40 hours. Monthly wage is the hourly wage multiplied by 40*52/12. Barbados Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Belize Latin America Applies and the toCaribbean manual workers; minimum shop assistants; wage and domestic helpers. Hourly wage multiplied by 45*52/12. Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Brazil Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Chile Latin America Minimum and the Caribbean wage applicable minimum for those wage between 18-65 years old. Colombia Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Costa Rica Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Cuba Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Dominican Republic Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Ecuador Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage El Salvador Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Guadeloupe Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Guatemala Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Guyana Latin America Applies and the toCaribbean certain categories minimum of private wage sector workers. Minimum weekly wage is multiplied by 52/12. Haiti Latin America Daily and minimum the Caribbean wage multiplied minimumby wage 6*52/12. Minimum wage refers to commercial and industrial sectors. Honduras Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Jamaica Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage National Martinique Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Mexico Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Netherlands Antilles Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Nicaragua Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Panama Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Paraguay Latin America Minimum and the Caribbean wage for the minimum IPC Asuncin wage Metropolitan area. Peru Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Puerto Rico Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Suriname Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Trinidad and Tobago Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Uruguay Latin America and the Caribbean minimum wage Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin America Minimum and the Caribbean monthly wage minimum for workers wage in Bolivares Fuertes urban, rural, home and counseling, regardless of the number of workers providing services to the employer. Bahrain Middle East minimum wage Iraq Middle East A minimum wage exists, minimum but it is difficult wage to ascertain a source which specifies the level. Jordan Middle East minimum wage Kuwait Middle East minimum wage National Lebanon Middle East minimum wage Oman Middle East minimum wage National Nationals only. Qatar Middle East minimum wage Saudi Arabia Middle East minimum wage Syrian Arab Republic Middle East minimum wage United Arab Emirates Middle East No minimum wage exists. minimum Minimum wage wage established for professional staff in 2011. West Bank & Gaza Middle East minimum wage Yemen Middle East minimum wage

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 85 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name

region

indicator

Geographic Coverage Employee coverage

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 86 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name region indicator Algeria Africa minimum wage Angola Africa minimum wage Benin Africa minimum wage Botswana Africa minimum wage Burkina Faso Africa minimum wage Burundi Africa minimum wage Cameroon Africa minimum wage Cape Verde Africa minimum wage Central African Republic Africa minimum wage Chad Africa minimum wage Comoros Africa minimum wage Congo Africa minimum wage Cte d'Ivoire Africa minimum wage Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa minimum wage Egypt Africa minimum wage Equatorial Guinea Africa minimum wage Eritrea Africa minimum wage Ethiopia Africa minimum wage Gabon Africa minimum wage Gambia Africa minimum wage Ghana Africa minimum wage Guinea Africa minimum wage Guinea-Bissau Africa minimum wage Kenya Africa minimum wage nimum wage refers to the wage for a Lesotho general unskilled labor (light unskilled physical work) for 1998-2003. Africa General minimum wage minimum is applied wage from 2004 onwards. Refers to employees working fewer than 12 months of continuous service with the same employer. Liberia Africa minimum wage Libya Africa minimum wage Madagascar Africa minimum wage Malawi Africa minimum wage Mali Africa minimum wage Mauritania Africa minimum wage Mauritius Africa minimum wage Morocco Africa minimum wage Mozambique Africa minimum wage Namibia Africa minimum wage Niger Africa minimum wage Nigeria Africa minimum wage Reunion Africa minimum wage Rwanda Africa minimum wage Senegal Africa minimum wage Sierra Leone Africa minimum wage Somalia Africa minimum wage South Africa Africa minimum wage Sudan Africa minimum wage Swaziland Africa minimum wage Tanzania, United Republic of Africa minimum wage Togo Africa minimum wage Tunisia Africa minimum wage Uganda Africa minimum wage Zambia Africa minimum wage Zimbabwe Africa minimum wage Afghanistan Asia minimum wage Bangladesh Asia minimum wage Bhutan Asia minimum wage Brunei Asia minimum wage Cambodia Asia minimum wage China Asia minimum wage Fiji Asia minimum wage Hong Kong (China) Asia minimum wage India Asia minimum wage ILO Global Wage Database 2010 87 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 88 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage minimum wage

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 89 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name

region

indicator

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 90 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MINIMUM WAGE

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification ILO ratification

definition ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131

ratification 26 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1

ratification 131 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 91 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MIN_RAT

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region indicator Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Asia ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Developed Economies ILO ratification Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia

definition ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131

ratification 26 ratification 131 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 92 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MIN_RAT

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region indicator definition Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Eastern Europe and ILO Central ratification Asia ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Latin America and ILO the ratification Caribbean ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131 Middle East ILO ratification ratification of ILO conventions 26 and 131

ratification 26 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0

ratification 131 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 93 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MIN_RAT

country name

region

indicator

definition

ratification 26 ratification 131

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 94 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 MIN_RAT

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China China Fiji Hong Kong (China)

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate

definition percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median wages of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers ILO Global Wage Database 2010 95 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

34.6

32.0

34.7

21.6

country name India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate

definition percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers ILO Global Wage Database 2010 96 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

1995

1996

1997

1998 27.7

1999 27.9

2000 26.6

19.3

18.4

17.9

19.2

18.5

18.9

13.8

12.4

12.3

14.3 12.4

14.6 12.3 23.2 14.0 8.8 5.8 15.9 23.4 17.8 23.0 9.5 14.6

21.9 14.5 8.6 5.3 14.1 19.9 4.9 13.5 21.0 14.6 7.7 5.5 15.1 21.9 20.4 24.0 15.2

21.1 15.0 9.2 5.5 15.4 22.0

23.0 15.1 8.0 5.3 15.7 22.7

24.9 9.0 15.4

25.2 15.3

23.0 10.3 14.7

22.4 14.6

14.5 13.8 13.9 14.6 14.6 17.9 11.6 14.8 13.7 18.6 10.8

13.7

14.1

13.5

13.1

11.0

20.9 25.2

20.7 25.1

20.6 24.9

12.0 20.8 24.5

20.2 24.5

11.4 20.4 24.7

country name Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate

definition percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers percentage of workers earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all workers

1995

1996 5.0

1997 4.0

1998 4.0

1999 4.0

2000 6.0

19.5

21.3

28.0

21.5

23.3

11.3 22.1

13.1

13.8

25.9 12.9

12.5

27.0 14.3 20.6

25.8

31.4

22.6

29.8

31.2

30.6

27.0

22.4

25.8

25.0

24.4

24.2

23.3

26.6 29.3 25.7 22.4 25.2

20.3 24.4

25.8

29.4

19.6

18.0

12.3

28.7 14.9

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 97 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 98 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China China Fiji Hong Kong (China)

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator 2001 low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey

32.6

32.4

ILO estimates from QLFS

19.5 66.5

21.5 42.6

21.9

ILO estimates from CHIP local data ILO estimates from CHIP migrant data

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 99 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate

2001 27.7

2002 28.8

2003 27.3

2004 26.6

2005 26.6

2006 26.4

2007 28.7

2008 29.0

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey

ILO estimates from SAKERNAS data

19.7

20.5

20.2

20.8

21.5

21.8

22.7

22.5

22.8

22.2

Ministry of Labour of Korea Survey on Labor Conditions

14.1

14.3

14.9

14.8

12.8

12.7

13.8

14.6

14.9

14.5

National Statistical Office Labour of the Force Phillipines Survey

13.9 12.0 22.0 14.9 10.5 4.3 16.9 21.7

13.8 12.0 22.4 15.7 10.5 4.8 18.6 21.7

13.4 11.9 22.0 16.3 11.5 4.5 18.7 22.7 19.2 22.6 14.4

14.5 15.2 12.0 22.4 16.8 10.7 4.5 17.6 20.0 23.0 18.7 17.6 22.9 9.4 14.3

15.9 15.3 12.3 21.3 17.1 11.3 4.7 18.3 19.7 23.1 17.6 20.1 22.6 16.1

15.2 15.8 12.5 22.5 16.9 11.9 5.0 18.9 20.0 23.1 17.1 21.2 22.2 9.7 16.1

16.0 16.2 12.7 22.0 16.8 12.0 5.2 19.1 17.6 21.2 17.4 21.7 22.1 15.4

17.5 15.9 12.6 22.1 16.8 13.0 5.5 18.6 13.5 20.8 16.7 20.6 22.1 8.1 15.1 34.1

14.4 16.0 12.5 20.5 17.1 13.6 5.5 18.5 21.8 20.2 20.3 14.7 33.4

16.1 16.5 12.7 21.1 20.3

OECD Australian Bureau of Statisti OECD Statistics Austria, Wage Tax Belgium Ministry of the Structure Economy of Earnings Survey OECD OECD OECD Statistics Finland

Statistics Canada, Labor For

13.4 5.7 20.5 13.3 21.0 20.1 9.5 14.5 33.1

Periodic Census of Employe Tax registers and social secu

Structure of Earnings Survey

22.6 14.6

22.8 10.5 14.4

14.4 31.5

OECD German Socio-Economic Pa OECD European Union Survey on I OECD Survey of Individual Wages OECD European Union Survey on I OECD Household survey (Living in Israel Central Bureau of Income Statistics Survey OECD Household survey (Survey o OECD Japan Ministry of Health Lab Statistics Latvia

17.5

19.1

STATEC Luxembourg Structure of Earnings Survey

13.2 20.3

14.6 22.0 10.9 17.0

12.9

15.4 22.2 12.2 18.0 13.4

15.2

17.2 23.3 12.5 18.0 13.1 11.6 20.7 24.2

17.8

12.7 22.7 11.8 19.0 17.6 11.8 21.2 24.5 25.0

12.1

12.8 24.3

12.6

OECD Dutch Central Bureau of Sta Statistics New Zealand New Zealand Income Survey

11.4 18.0

12.8 18.0 13.4

12.5 18.0 14.1

10.3 20.0 18.0 20.0 16.2 12.2 20.7 25.3 25.8 16.2

Central Statistical Office Structure of Poland of Earnings Survey Gabinete de Estratgia e Quadros Planeamento de Pessoal (GEP) do Min OECD

Monthly Structure of Earnin

Spain National Statistics Annual Institute Structure of Earning

20.7 23.8

11.9 20.5 23.5

20.4 23.3

11.6 20.5 23.9

20.7 24.0

20.5 24.5 26.5

20.6 24.8 26.3

20.6 25.1

Swiss Federal Statistical Structure Office of Earnings Survey OECD Annual Survey of Hours and OECD US Department of Labor, Bu

National Statistics Service Households of Armenia Integrated Livin

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 100 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate

2001 6.0

2002 6.0

2003 80.0

2004 14.0

2005 20.0

2006 20.0

2007 40.0

2008 50.0

2009 40.0

2010

2011

source source survey State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerb

24.6

24.9

24.9

25.0

23.6

National Bureau of Statistics Labour Moldova Force Survey

24.3

32.5

29.8

32.9

32.3

28.9

30.0

28.6

28.1

25.6

ILO-SIALC

Encuestas Permanentes de H

24.4 21.5 21.5

21.3

20.8 15.6 22.4 21.5

22.6 21.5 20.3

23.8 20.1 20.9

22.9 19.9 20.2 23.0

21.9 21.9 19.8

22.8 20.6 19.5

21.5 18.5 21.2 21.5

20.5 21.4

ILO estimates from PME/IBGE OECD Encuesta CASEN (National ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Hogar ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares de Prop

26.6

24.4

23.8

25.2

25.9

26.8

23.2

21.7

21.4

19.7

17.2

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Nacional de Emple

33.7

33.1

31.6

29.9

31.4

29.8

30.9

30.5

32.6

33.4

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Permanente de Hog

24.1

19.4

22.6

21.3

21.5

23.3

21.3

20.3

19.7

19.3

17.4

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Nacional de Emple

16.0 26.9

19.0 23.7

17.2 24.8

17.8 30.8

18.7 30.6

16.1 29.5

15.1 28.3

15.9 26.3

13.0 27.5

11.6 26.3

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

Encuesta de Hogares

Encuesta de Hogares Especi

28.2 14.9

28.3 19.4

29.2 21.3

29.2 23.9

29.3 20.7

29.8 15.0

30.4 17.4

29.1 17.0

28.7 13.5

29.1 12.1

27.7

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

Encuesta Continua de Hogar Encuesta de Hogares por Mu

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 101 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name

region

indicator

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 102 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China China Fiji Hong Kong (China)

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator source calculation low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate

source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Cover

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 103 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia

region indicator source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Cover Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia Survey on low Labor pay Conditions rate by Employment Type All Employees All Employees Private Sector Establishment Companies with at least 5+ M(1999); permanent employees National from 1999 Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Basic pay. Quarterly All Employees Main job Household 15+ National Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Asia low pay rate Developed Economies Australian low Bureau pay rate of Statistics, Weekly Earnings of Employees Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Main job Household Developed Economies Statistics low Austria, pay rate Wage Tax Statistics All Employees All Employees GINC Developed Economies Structure low of Earnings pay rate Survey Excludes NACE Annual rev. 2 sectors: All Employees A, O, All T Employees All Sectors Combination. Companies Establishment with 10+ and Administrative. employees RTD, EAE National Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies Statistics low Canada, pay rate Labor Force Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Household Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies Periodic Census low payof rate Employers Workers in enterprises ofFull-time less than Employees 25 employees are not covered in 1996 only. Establishment Developed Economies Tax registers low and pay rate social security data Workers with wage rates All lower Employees than 80 All per Employees cent of the minimum wage are not Administrative covered. Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies Structure low of Earnings pay rate Survey Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 5+ employees. C(2001) RTD National Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies German Socio-Economic low pay rate Panel Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Household Developed Economies Europeanlow Union paySurvey rate on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Developed Economies Survey oflow Individual pay rateWages and Earnings Full-time Employees Companies with Establishment 10+ employees Developed Economies Europeanlow Union paySurvey rate on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Developed Economies Household low survey pay rate (Living in Ireland Survey 2000), ESRI, for 2000 data.Full-time European Employees Union Full-time Survey Employees on Income and Living Conditions (EU SILC) 2003, Central Statistics Office Ireland, for 2003 and 2004 da Developed Economies low pay rate Refers to gross Annual monthly income All Employees from wages and salaries. In 2000 All jobs and 2001, Household East Jerusalem is excluded. 15+ M(2009) GINC, RTD, National SVI Developed Economies Household low survey pay rate (Survey of Household Income and Wealth). SHIW-HA Full-time Employees Full-time Employees NET Developed Economies Japan Ministry low pay of rate Health Labor and Welfare, Basic Survey on Wage Structure Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Developed Economies low pay rate Quarterly data are averaged. Quarterly All Employees All Sectors Administrative All Sizes 15+ GINC, SVI National Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies Structure low of Earnings pay rate Survey NACE rev1 C-K Annual only. Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Private Sector Establishment Companies with 10+ employees RTD, SVI National Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies Dutch Central low pay Bureau rate of Statistics, Enterprise survey (Survey of Earnings). Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Developed Economies low pay rate Weekly data are multiplied Refers by to 52/12. theAnnual wages and salaries All Employees component of individual grossAll income. jobs Household 15+ GINC National Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies Structure low of Earnings pay rate Survey Coverage of Biennial employees was All limited Employees to Full-time full-timeEquivalent employees All Sectors before 2006. Establishment Companies with 10+ employees. M(2006) RTD, SVI National Developed Economies low pay rate Gross earnings Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Private Sector Administrative All Sizes EAC, RTD National Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies Monthly Structure low pay rate of Earnings Survey, Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic Full-time (SOSR) Employees Full-time Employees Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies Annual Structure low pay of rate Earnings Survey Activities of Annual housesholdsAll as employers Employees All (T) Employees and activities All Sectors of extraterritorial Establishment organizations All and Sizes bodies (U) are excluded. EAC, RTD, National SVI, EAR Developed Economies low pay rate Developed Economies Structure low of Earnings pay rate Survey Biennial All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Companies with 3+ employees M(1998) Cantonal EAC public National administration inc Developed Economies low pay rate Weekly data are multiplied by 52/12. Annual All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes M(2006) RTD National Developed Economies US Department low pay ofrate Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current PopulationFull-time Survey Employees Full-time Employees Household 16+ Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and CentralHouseholds Asia low Integrated pay rate Living Condition Survey All Employees All jobs Household 15+ NET, RTD, EAC, National SVI ILO Global Wage Database 2010 104 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region indicator source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Cover Eastern State Europe Statistical and Committee Central Asia of the low Republic pay rate of Azerbaijan Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Main job Household 15+ NET National. Excludes Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean Encuestas low Permanentes pay rate de Hogares Puntual (1996-2002); Encuestas Annual Permanentes All Employees de Hogares Contnua (2003-2009) Main job Household 14+ M(2003) Urban Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean Encuesta low CASEN pay rate (National Socio-economic characterisation survey) Full-time Employees Main job Latin America and the Caribbean Encuesta low Nacional pay rate de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); Encuesta Annual Continua de AllHogares Employees Continua (ECH) (2002-2005); All jobs Gran (1995-2000); Encuesta Household Integrada Main job de (2001+) Hogares 12+ Continua M(2002); (GEIH) M(2006) (2006+) Urban (1995-2000) Latin America and the Caribbean Encuesta low de Hogares pay ratede Propsitos Mltiples (EHPM) (1995-2009); Annual Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENAHO) Main (2010+) job Household 12+ (1995-1999); M(2010) 15+ (2010+) Urban Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean Encuesta low Nacional pay rate de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo (ENEMDU) Main job Household 10+ Urban Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean Encuesta low Permanente pay rate de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EPHPM) Annual Main job Household 10+ Urban Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean Encuesta low Nacional pay rate de Empleo (1995-2004); Encuesta SecondNacional quarter Annual of de each Ocupacin year. y Empleo (2005-2009) Household 12+ (1995-2004); M(2005) 14+ (2005+) Urban Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate August of each Annual year. Main job Household 15+ Urban Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean Encuesta low de Hogares pay rateEspecializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Main (ENAHO) job Household (2004+) 14+ M(2004) Urban. Lima. (1995 Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the Caribbean Encuesta low Continua pay rate de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Ampliada (ENHA) (2006+) Main job Household 14+ M(2006) Urban Latin America and the Caribbean low pay rate Second semester of each year. Annual Household 15+ National Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate Middle East low pay rate

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 105 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name

region

indicator

source calculation

source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Cover

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 106 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China China Fiji Hong Kong (China)

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator Agricultural Excluded? low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate ILO Global Wage Database 2010 107 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate

Agricultural Excluded?

Yes

Yes

Yes

No Yes

No

Yes No

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 108 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator Agricultural Excluded? low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low National. pay rateExcludes the left side of Nistru and the Bender municipality (Transnistria region, controlled by separatists). low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low Urban pay rate (1995-2000); Principle Municipalities (2001+) low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low Urban. pay rate Lima. (1995-2003); Urban (2004+) low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate low pay rate

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 109 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name

region

indicator

Agricultural Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 110 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female

definition percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 111 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female

definition percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

45.8

45.4

45.0

45.1

73.2

72.2

71.4

71.4

70.4

71.0

67.7

66.6

67.5

65.6

66.3

68.8

64.2

67.3

67.6

69.9

67.8

66.2

66.1

68.1

58.5 59.2 60.8

54.2 58.2 60.8

56.6

58.4 57.8

56.4 53.7 59.1

57.6

58.4 54.1 60.7

59.0

58.7

58.4

60.7

59.3

70.8

71.0

71.2

70.1

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 112 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female

definition percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women percentage of all low pay workers who are women

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 113 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 114 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source surveysource calculation source notes source surveyEmployee frequencyCoverage

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 115 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source surveysource calculation source notes source surveyEmployee frequencyCoverage

49.6

51.0

50.2

47.7

48.7

49.1

49.2

National Statistical Labour Office Force ofSurvey the PhillipinesBasic pay.

Quarterly

All Employees

65.5

68.4

68.8

69.2

70.9

70.8

Statistics Finland Structure of Earnings Survey

Annual

Full-time Employees

69.1

70.2

69.6

69.3

Israel Central Bureau Income of Survey Statistics

Refers to gross Annual monthly income All from Employees wages and sala

52.8 61.1

53.8 63.4

52.7 64.4

52.2 65.5

Statistics Latvia

Quarterly data are averaged. Quarterly

All Employees Full-time Employees

STATEC Luxembourg Structure of Earnings SurveyNACE rev1 C-K Annual only.

60.7

58.1 54.4 62.4

58.7

58.2 56.7 61.7

52.5

53.6 54.2

56.3

Statistics New New Zealand Zealand Income WeeklySurvey data are Refers multiplied to the by wages Annual 52/12. and salaries All component Employees of indivi

61.2

62.2

60.4

Central Statistical Structure Office of of Earnings Poland SurveyCoverage of employees Biennial was limited All Employees to full-time emp Gabinete de Estratgia Quadros e de Planeamento Pessoal (GEP) Gross do Ministrio earningsAnnual do Trabalho Full-time e da Solidariedade Employees Soc

68.6

69.0

68.4

Swiss Federal Structure Statisticalof Office Earnings Survey

Biennial

All Employees

65.2

62.9

61.9

60.3

63.9

National Statistics Households Service Integrated of Armenia Living Condition Survey

All Employees

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 116 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source surveysource calculation source notes source surveyEmployee frequencyCoverage

61.0

63.5

62.6

59.9

61.1

59.6

National Bureau Labour of Statistics Force Survey Moldova

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 117 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name

region

indicator

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source surveysource calculation source notes source surveyEmployee frequencyCoverage

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 118 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female

Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Coverage Job CoverageSurvey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Coverage Agricultural Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 119 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Coverage Job CoverageSurvey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Coverage Agricultural Excluded? low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent All Employees female Main job Household 15+ National low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 5+ employees. C(2001) RTD National Yes low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent All Employees female All jobs Household 15+ M(2009) GINC, RTD, SVI National low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent All Employees female All Sectors AdministrativeAll Sizes 15+ GINC, SVI National No low pay percent female low pay percent female Full-time Employees Private Sector Establishment Companies with 10+ employees RTD, SVI National Yes low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent All Employees female All jobs Household 15+ GINC National low pay percent female low pay percent female Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Companies with 10+ employees. M(2006) RTD, SVI National low pay percent female Full-time Employees Private Sector AdministrativeAll Sizes EAC, RTD National No low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Companies with 3+ employees M(1998) Cantonal EACpublic administration National included; Yes M(2006) communal public admini low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent All Employees female All jobs Household 15+ NET, RTD, EAC, National SVI low pay percent female ILO Global Wage Database 2010 120 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female

Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Coverage Job CoverageSurvey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Coverage Agricultural Excluded?

Main job

Household

15+

NET

National. Excludes the left side of Nistru and the Bende

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 121 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name

region

indicator

Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Coverage Job CoverageSurvey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Coverage Agricultural Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 122 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female ILO Global Wage Database 2010 123 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female low pay percent female

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 124 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region indicator Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe National. and Central Excludes Asia the left low side pay of percent Nistru and female the Bender municipality (Transnistria region, controlled by separatists). Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Eastern Europe and Central Asia low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Latin America and the Caribbean low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female Middle East low pay percent female

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 125 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name

region

indicator

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 126 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW -PAY-PCTFEM

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate

definition percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers ILO Global Waage Database 2010 127 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region indicator Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate

definition percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers ILO Global Waage Database 2010 128 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

48.7

47.7

47.5

47.5

46.3

46.6

45.2

45.9

44.1

16.8

16.6

17.4

17.7

16.0

15.2

17.9

18.9

17.8

16.6

17.1

21.7 24.7 14.0 24.1 12.6

21.9

22.2 24.3 13.1

22.7

21.6 23.9 16.1 9.5

21.5 25.2 15.8 10.3 28.4 23.0

21.2 25.7 16.9 8.6 28.7 22.0 24.4 31.0 31.6

15.0

14.1

24.5 24.8

22.1 26.5

24.2 25.7 28.8

26.3 25.9

24.8 26.4

25.1 26.5 25.9

28.0 24.6

34.3 13.5 35.9 36.1 35.8 14.5 34.2 33.6 11.7 33.1 33.3

33.1 14.1 31.6

29.2

28.6

29.0 11.8 21.7

29.2 12.3 22.7

11.6

10.8 24.3

12.5 24.8

10.8

16.0

16.0

32.9 32.5

32.4 32.2

32.2 31.8

22.1 32.5 31.5

31.1 31.6

20.8 31.6 31.7

31.6 30.5

20.2 31.1 29.6

30.6 29.1

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region indicator Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate

definition percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers percentage of women earning less than two-thirds of the median earnings of all female workers

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

10.9

11.8

15.6

12.6

13.2

14.0

19.6

18.7

6.6 30.3

7.3

7.5

27.3 7.0

6.7

28.7 7.6 29.2

29.3

10.6 29.8

16.1 11.8 28.8

13.4

15.0

12.3

14.8

15.8

14.0

12.7

11.4

11.4

30.0

28.0

25.9

21.0

9.7

11.6

11.7

11.8

11.8

11.8

12.0

10.3

11.4

25.6 16.3 13.4 13.2 13.5

20.1 12.7

23.5 13.6

25.8 13.0

24.5 14.3

9.5

12.2

8.9

7.5

5.1

17.4 5.4

16.7 6.3

16.8 8.3

17.0 9.5

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 129 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 130 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator 2004 female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey

source calculation source notes

source survey frequency Employee Covera

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 131 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region indicator Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey

source calculation source notes

source survey frequency Employee Covera

43.1

42.6

41.9

42.6

42.7

OECD

Korean Ministry of Labour, Wage Structure Survey

All employees in public Full-time administration Employe

17.6

16.5

16.8

17.8

18.1

18.6

18.2

17.7

National Statistical Office Labourof Force the Phillipines Survey

Basic pay.

Quarterly

All Employees

17.8 28.9 13.3 22.1 26.3 15.7 9.6 27.0 26.4 22.8 25.6 24.0 31.8 12.0 30.6

20.1 28.7 12.5 21.4 26.3 16.3 9.7 30.7 25.2 22.9 23.3 25.3 31.5 33.7

19.3 29.1 11.8 21.6 25.7 17.2 10.9 30.9 26.8 21.6 21.8 26.8 29.4 14.5 33.8

20.2 29.4 10.9 21.3 26.1 15.1 11.5 30.3 24.4 21.7 20.8 28.1 30.9 32.0

21.2 28.7 8.3 21.1 26.1 18.4 12.7 31.1 16.5 21.4 20.6 26.3 30.0 11.7 30.3 33.3 23.2

18.6 27.9 7.0 21.3 25.7 19.4 11.5 29.4 22.5 24.3 31.0 27.8 31.0 23.1

19.7 27.9 7.7 21.3 20.3

OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD OECD Statistics Latvia

Australian Bureau of Statistics, Weekly Earnings of Employees Full-time Employe Statistics Austria, Wage Tax Statistics All Employees Belgium Ministry of the Economy, Structure Excludes of Earnings NACE rev. Survey Annual 2 sectors: A, O, T Full-time Employe Statistics Canada, Labor Force Survey Periodic Census of Employers Statistics Denmark

Full-time Employe

19.1 10.9 30.7 16.4 21.9 24.5 28.6 13.3 28.2 30.1 22.2

Workers in enterprises of less than 25 employees Full-time Employe are not c Workers with wage rates lower than 80 All per Employees cent of the min

Statistics Finland, Income Distribution Survey

Full-time Employe

27.3 31.1 20.0

German Socio-Economic Panel Full-time Employe European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employe Survey of Individual Wages and Earnings Full-time Employe European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employe Household survey (Living in Ireland Survey 2000), ESRI, for 2000 data. European Full-time Union Employe Survey Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Integrated Household Survey Full-time Employe European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employe Japan Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare, Basic Survey on Wage Structure Full-time Employe Quarterly data are averaged. Quarterly All Employees All Employees

STATEC Luxembourg Administrative Data (IGSS)

12.4 24.9 20.2 16.0 23.4 19.2 30.2 29.5

11.8

14.2 26.4 22.2 17.0 23.7 18.6 29.1 29.7

14.4

10.4 26.3 20.9 17.0 21.5 18.9 29.6 29.9 38.8

11.3

11.7 26.3 11.6

10.8

OECD Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics, Survey of Earnings Full-time Employe Statistics New Zealand New Zealand Income Weekly Survey data are multiplied Refers to by the 52/12. wages Annual and salaries component All Employees of individual g

22.3 16.0 22.7

24.0 16.0 21.5

Central Statistical Office Structure of Poland of Earnings Survey Coverage of employees Biennial was limited to full-time All Employees employees OECD European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employe OECD OECD

18.0 21.5

18.0 20.2 19.1 28.1 29.9 33.6

Monthly Structure of Earnings Survey, Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic Full-time (SOSR) Employe European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions

Full-time Employe

29.5 29.4

29.1 30.2 49.6

28.5 29.9 33.0

27.4 29.3 39.6

Swiss Federal Statistical Structure Office of Earnings Survey Biennial All Employees OECD Office for National Statistics, Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings Full-time Employe OECD US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey Full-time Employe National Statistics Service Households of Armenia Integrated Living Condition Survey All Employees

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 132 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region indicator Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate Middle East female low pay rate

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey

source calculation source notes

source survey frequency Employee Covera

32.3

30.3

30.8

30.6

29.0

29.5

National Bureau of Labour Statistics Force Moldova Survey

20.5

19.9

18.0

18.2

17.8

17.0

15.5

ILO-SIALC

Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Puntual (1996-2002); Encuestas Annual Permanentes Allde Employees Hogares Con

11.3 27.8

10.0 29.5

22.1 11.5 31.3

11.4 28.8

11.2 28.2

21.5 12.0 29.2

12.5 29.4

OECD ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

Encuesta CASEN (National Socio-economic characterisation survey) Full-time Employe Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); Encuesta Annual Continua de Hogares All Employees Continua (EC Encuesta de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EHPM) (1995-2009); Annual Encuesta Nacional de Hogar

10.0

11.7

11.3

11.1

10.5

9.9

8.1

7.5

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Nacional de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo (ENEMDU)

24.4

23.1

22.6

22.8

22.0

22.7

24.8

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EPHPM) Annual

11.1

12.0

13.0

12.0

12.0

11.0

10.9

10.1

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Nacional de Empleo (1995-2004); Second Encuesta quarterNacional of each Annual year. de Ocupacin y Empleo (2005-20

25.8 14.6

19.4 15.5

16.5 14.7

15.0 14.9

16.6 14.3

11.9 14.8

11.1 14.4

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

Encuesta de Hogares

August of each year. Annual

Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Encuesta Nacio

17.0 11.2

17.2 10.1

17.2 7.7

18.0 8.3

18.2 8.3

17.6 6.3

18.0 5.7

17.1

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Ampliada (EN Encuesta de Hogares Second por Muestreo semester of each year. Annual

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 133 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name

region

indicator

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey

source calculation source notes

source survey frequency Employee Covera

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 134 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate ILO Global Waage Database 2010 135 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region indicator Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Full-time Employees Enterprise Companies with 5+ regular employees. RTD Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low All pay Employees rate Main job Household 15+ National Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Main job Household Developed Economies female low pay rate All Employees GINC Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with 10+ employees National Yes Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Household Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low Full-time pay rate Employees Establishment Developed Economies female low pay rate All Employees Administrative Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Household Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Household Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Developed Economies female low Full-time pay rate Employees Companies with Establishment 10+ employees Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Household Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Developed Economies female low All pay Employees rate All Sectors Administrative All Sizes 15+ GINC, SVI National No Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate All Employees All Sectors Administrative National No Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Establishment Developed Economies female low All pay Employees rate All jobs Household 15+ GINC National Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Companies with 10+ employees. M(2006) RTD, SVI National Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Companies with 3+ employees M(1998) Cantonal EAC public National administration Yesincluded; M(2006) communal public administration included Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Developed Economies female low pay rate Full-time Employees Household 16+ Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia All pay Employees rate All jobs Household 15+ NET, RTD, EAC, National SVI Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate ILO Global Waage Database 2010 136 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name region indicator Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? Belarus Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Bosnia and Herzegovina Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Croatia Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Georgia Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Kazakhstan Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Kyrgyzstan Republic Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Moldova, Republic of Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Main job Household 15+ NET National. Excludes the left side of Nistru and the Bender municipality (Transnistria region, c Russian Federation Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Serbia Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Tajikistan Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Turkey Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Turkmenistan Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Ukraine Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Uzbekistan Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Argentina Latin America and the female Caribbean low All pay Employees rate Main job Household 14+ M(2003) Urban Bahamas (The) Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Barbados Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Belize Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Brazil Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Chile Latin America and the female Caribbean low Full-time pay rate Employees Main job Colombia Latin America and the female Caribbean low All pay Employees rate All jobs (1995-2000); Household Main job (2001+) 12+ M(2002); M(2006) Urban (1995-2000); Principle Municipalities (2001+) Costa Rica Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Main job Household 12+ (1995-1999); M(2010) 15+ (2010+) Urban Cuba Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Dominican Republic Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Ecuador Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Main job Household 10+ Urban El Salvador Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Guadeloupe Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Guatemala Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Guyana Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Haiti Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Honduras Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Main job Household 10+ Urban Jamaica Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Martinique Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Mexico Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Household 12+ (1995-2004); M(2005) 14+ (2005+) Urban Netherlands Antilles Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Nicaragua Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Panama Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Main job Household 15+ Urban Paraguay Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Peru Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Latin Empleo America (ENIVE) and(1995-2003); the female Caribbean low pay Encuesta rate Nacional de Hogares (ENAHO) Main job (2004+) Household 14+ M(2004) Urban. Lima. (1995-2003); Urban (2004+) Puerto Rico Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Suriname Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Trinidad and Tobago Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Uruguay Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Latin Encuesta America Nacional and the female de Caribbean Hogares low pay Ampliada rate (ENHA) (2006+) Main job Household 14+ M(2006) Urban Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Household 15+ National Bahrain Middle East female low pay rate Iraq Middle East female low pay rate Jordan Middle East female low pay rate Kuwait Middle East female low pay rate Lebanon Middle East female low pay rate Oman Middle East female low pay rate Qatar Middle East female low pay rate Saudi Arabia Middle East female low pay rate Syrian Arab Republic Middle East female low pay rate United Arab Emirates Middle East female low pay rate West Bank & Gaza Middle East female low pay rate Yemen Middle East female low pay rate

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 137 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name

region

indicator

Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 138 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate female low pay rate

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 139 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region indicator Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Asia female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Developed Economies female low pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate ILO Global Waage Database 2010 140 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name region indicator Belarus Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Bosnia and Herzegovina Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Croatia Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Georgia Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Kazakhstan Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Kyrgyzstan Republic Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Moldova, Republic National. of Excludes the left side of Nistru and Eastern the Bender Europe municipality and female Central (Transnistria low Asia pay rate region, controlled by separatists). Russian Federation Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Serbia Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Tajikistan Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Turkey Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Turkmenistan Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Ukraine Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Uzbekistan Eastern Europe and female Centrallow Asia pay rate Argentina Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Bahamas (The) Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Barbados Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Belize Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Brazil Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Chile Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Colombia Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Costa Rica Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Cuba Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Dominican Republic Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Ecuador Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate El Salvador Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Guadeloupe Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Guatemala Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Guyana Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Haiti Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Honduras Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Jamaica Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Martinique Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Mexico Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Netherlands Antilles Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Nicaragua Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Panama Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Paraguay Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Peru Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Puerto Rico Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Suriname Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Trinidad and Tobago Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Uruguay Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin America and the female Caribbean low pay rate Bahrain Middle East female low pay rate Iraq Middle East female low pay rate Jordan Middle East female low pay rate Kuwait Middle East female low pay rate Lebanon Middle East female low pay rate Oman Middle East female low pay rate Qatar Middle East female low pay rate Saudi Arabia Middle East female low pay rate Syrian Arab Republic Middle East female low pay rate United Arab Emirates Middle East female low pay rate West Bank & Gaza Middle East female low pay rate Yemen Middle East female low pay rate

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 141 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name

region

indicator

ILO Global Waage Database 2010 142 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 LOW-PAY-FEM

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1

definition ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 143 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D1

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1

definition ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages

1995 16.8

1996 15.6

1997 17.1

1998 17.1

1999 15.9

2000 14.4

2001 12.5

2002 12.0

2003 10.7

2004 11.0

2005 12.7

2006 13.4

2007 15.5

2008

2009

3.2

3.3

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

3.5

3.7

3.7

3.8

3.7

3.9

4.0

4.1

4.0

2.9

2.9

2.9

3.0 2.7

3.0 2.7 3.6 2.9 2.5 2.3 3.1 3.0 4.7 3.3 11.2 2.2 3.0

3.1 2.7 3.7 2.9 2.6 2.2 3.1 3.2 4.1

3.1 2.7 3.6 3.0 2.6 2.2 3.0 2.9 4.1

3.1 2.8 3.6 3.0 2.6 2.3 3.0 2.9 4.4 3.9 8.1 2.9

3.1 3.2 2.8 3.7 3.0 2.6 2.3 3.0 3.0 3.4 4.6 3.1 3.6 8.1 2.5 2.9

3.1 3.3 2.8 3.7 3.1 2.6 4.8 2.3 2.9 3.2 3.4 4.5 3.1 3.7 8.3 3.1

3.3 3.3 2.8 3.7 3.1 2.7 4.7 2.3 2.9 3.1 3.3 4.6 3.1 3.9 8.4 2.4 3.1

3.3 3.4 2.8 3.7 3.1 2.7 4.6 2.3 2.9 3.2 3.4 4.2 3.2 3.8 8.1 3.1

3.3 3.3 2.8 3.8 3.1 2.7 4.3 2.4 2.9 3.2 3.2 4.1 3.2 3.7 7.7 2.3 3.0 7.0 4.2 2.7

3.3 3.4 2.8 3.7 3.2 2.7 2.3 2.9 3.3 4.3 3.9 7.8 3.0 8.5 4.2 2.7 6.9 2.3 3.8 3.8 3.9 2.0 7.3 5.0 4.1

3.5 2.8 2.5 2.2 3.1 2.9 3.9 2.2 3.1 2.9 4.0 2.8 2.4 2.2 3.1 2.9 4.2 3.9 11.6 3.0

3.6 2.9 2.5 2.2 3.0 3.0 4.2

3.6 2.9 2.5 2.2 3.1 3.1 4.4

12.3 2.3 3.0

12.3 3.0

11.0 2.4 3.0

10.9 3.0

13.1 3.0

8.2 2.6 3.0

2.8

2.8

2.8 1.9 3.5 3.9

3.4 4.0

3.5 4.0

2.9 8.9 1.9 3.4 4.0

2.9 9.1 2.0 3.6 3.9

2.9 8.5 2.0 3.8

2.9 8.5 2.1 3.7

2.9 8.2 2.1 4.0 3.8 3.4

2.9 7.9 2.1 3.9 3.5

2.9 7.7 2.1 4.1 3.9 3.7 4.2

2.9 7.9 2.1 3.9 3.6 4.1 2.0 7.3 4.9

7.2 2.2 4.3 3.9 3.6 4.3 2.0 2.7 7.2 4.8

7.7 2.2 3.9 3.6 4.1 2.1 7.0 4.9 5.2 16.6

7.4 2.3 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.8 2.1 2.7 7.3 4.9 4.8 14.2

2.5 4.6 4.6 4.1 20.1 6.9 4.6

2.6 7.0 4.5

6.7 4.5

2.6 6.8 4.5

7.0 4.6

2.6 7.0 4.7

6.9 4.7

2.6 6.7 4.8

20.3

14.1

9.4

11.7

9.0

10.4

9.6

6.8

6.7

5.4

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 144 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D1

country name region Belarus Eastern Europe and Central Asia Bosnia and Herzegovina Eastern Europe and Central Asia Croatia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Georgia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Kazakhstan Eastern Europe and Central Asia Kyrgyzstan Republic Eastern Europe and Central Asia Moldova, Republic of Eastern Europe and Central Asia Russian Federation Eastern Europe and Central Asia Serbia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Tajikistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Turkey Eastern Europe and Central Asia Turkmenistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia Ukraine Eastern Europe and Central Asia Uzbekistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia Argentina Latin America and the Caribbean Bahamas (The) Latin America and the Caribbean Barbados Latin America and the Caribbean Belize Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin America and the Caribbean Brazil Latin America and the Caribbean Chile Latin America and the Caribbean Colombia Latin America and the Caribbean Costa Rica Latin America and the Caribbean Cuba Latin America and the Caribbean Dominican Republic Latin America and the Caribbean Ecuador Latin America and the Caribbean El Salvador Latin America and the Caribbean Guadeloupe Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala Latin America and the Caribbean Guyana Latin America and the Caribbean Haiti Latin America and the Caribbean Honduras Latin America and the Caribbean Jamaica Latin America and the Caribbean Martinique Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico Latin America and the Caribbean Netherlands Antilles Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua Latin America and the Caribbean Panama Latin America and the Caribbean Paraguay Latin America and the Caribbean Peru Latin America and the Caribbean Puerto Rico Latin America and the Caribbean Suriname Latin America and the Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago Latin America and the Caribbean Uruguay Latin America and the Caribbean Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin America and the Caribbean Bahrain Middle East Iraq Middle East Jordan Middle East Kuwait Middle East Lebanon Middle East Oman Middle East Qatar Middle East Saudi Arabia Middle East Syrian Arab Republic Middle East United Arab Emirates Middle East West Bank & Gaza Middle East Yemen Middle East

indicator D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1

definition ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 90th and 10th percentile of wages

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007 4.9

2008

2009

10.2

11.3

9.4

8.3

8.8

8.1

7.4

6.8

6.8

7.4 5.1

7.2 5.0

6.2 4.8

5.3 4.4

11.9

10.1

10.3

10.8

7.3

7.8

8.2

8.3

9.3

10.6

9.3

9.9

10.2

11.4

12.3

12.0

11.0

10.8

11.3 5.1 7.7

10.4 5.4 7.6

10.4 6.1 7.5

10.4 5.6 6.1 8.8

10.4 6.1 9.0 6.3 8.0 7.9

10.4

10.5 10.5 8.4

8.5

10.2 5.2 10.6 8.4

9.6 9.7 7.4

9.2 8.7 8.9

9.4 5.3 8.2 8.8

8.7 10.3 7.8

8.3 9.8 7.5

8.5 4.9 9.5 8.9

7.1

7.9

8.0

9.5

9.8

10.3

10.4

8.5

9.8

9.8

9.4

8.6

8.7

8.1

7.4

9.3

8.4

8.8

8.0

9.2

0.0

9.5

10.7

9.4

9.6

8.7

9.0

8.4

8.3

8.9

6.7

6.9

7.3

6.7

6.0

6.5

6.2

5.8

5.8

6.3

6.2

5.8

5.8

5.7

5.9

8.8 8.5

8.5

8.7 7.4

8.9 7.7

8.0 9.4

8.3 7.5

7.4 9.7

8.7 6.7

9.3 6.3

8.0 11.5

8.9 11.4

8.9 11.8

8.0 12.5

7.5 11.2

7.3 10.3

6.4

8.7

8.4

8.9

7.4

9.5 6.2

11.6 6.5

11.8 6.9

11.9 6.9

11.6 6.0

12.1 9.4

12.1 5.3

13.7 4.7

13.7 4.6

13.3 4.0

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 145 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D1

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator 2010 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 ILO Global Wage Database 2010 146 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D1

2011

source

source surveysource calculation

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1

2010

2011

source source surveysource calculation ILO National Expert

4.0

Ministry of Labour Survey of Korea on Labor Conditions by Employment Type

3.3 3.4

OECD Australian Bureau of Statistics, Weekly Earnings of Employees OECD Statistics Austria, Wage Tax Statistics Belgium Ministry Structure of the of Economy Earnings Survey 3.7 3.5 OECD Statistics Canada, Labor Force Survey

3.7 3.2 2.8 2.3 3.2 4.3 3.6 7.9 2.2 3.0 9.1 4.5 4.2 2.7 7.3 2.3 4.0

3.0 8.7 4.6 4.2 4.7 6.9 2.3

OECD (1996-2004); Structure Czech of Earnings Statistical Survey Office (2005-2011) OECD Tax registers and social security data Statistics Estonia Earnings Survey Statistics Finland Structure of Earnings Survey OECD Insee, Declaration annuelle de donnes sociales OECD German Socio-Economic Panel OECD European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions OECD Survey of Individual Wages and Earnings OECD European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions OECD Household survey (Living in Ireland Survey 2000), ESRI, for 2000 data. European Union Survey on I Israel Central Bureau Incomeof Survey Statistics OECD European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions OECD Japan Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare, Basic Survey on Wage Structure Statistics Latvia State Revenue Quarterly Service Administrative data are averaged. Data Statistics Lithuania State Social Insurance Fund Board (SODRA) STATEC Luxembourg Administrative Data (IGSS) Malta NationalAnnual Statistics Labour Office Force OECD Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics, Survey of Earnings Statistics New New Zealand Zealand Income Survey Statistics Norway Wage Statistics, All Employees Central Statistical Structure Officeof ofEarnings Poland Survey Gabinete de Estratgia Quadrosede Planeamento Pessoal (GEP) do Ministrio do Trabalho e da Solidariedade Social Statistical Office Structure of the Slovak of Earnings Republic Survey Spain NationalAnnual Statistics Structure Institute of Earnings Survey Statistics Sweden Salary structures, whole economy Swiss Federal Statistical Structure of Office Earnings Survey UK National Statistics Annual SurveyWeekly of Hours data and are Earnings multiplied - Workplace by 52/12. Analysis OECD (1995-1999); Current US Population Bureau Data of Survey are Labor multiplied Statistics by(2000-2011) 52/12. UNU-WIDER World Income Inequality Database National Statistics Households Service of Integrated ArmeniaLiving Condition Survey State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan

3.9 3.6 2.0 2.7 7.4 5.0 4.6

3.8 3.6 2.0 7.5 5.0 4.5

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 147 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D1

country name region Belarus Eastern Europe and Central Asia Bosnia and Herzegovina Eastern Europe and Central Asia Croatia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Georgia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Kazakhstan Eastern Europe and Central Asia Kyrgyzstan Republic Eastern Europe and Central Asia Moldova, Republic of Eastern Europe and Central Asia Russian Federation Eastern Europe and Central Asia Serbia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Tajikistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Turkey Eastern Europe and Central Asia Turkmenistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia Ukraine Eastern Europe and Central Asia Uzbekistan Eastern Europe and Central Asia Argentina Latin America and the Caribbean Bahamas (The) Latin America and the Caribbean Barbados Latin America and the Caribbean Belize Latin America and the Caribbean Bolivia, Plurinational State of Latin America and the Caribbean Brazil Latin America and the Caribbean Chile Latin America and the Caribbean Colombia Latin America and the Caribbean Costa Rica Latin America and the Caribbean Cuba Latin America and the Caribbean Dominican Republic Latin America and the Caribbean Ecuador Latin America and the Caribbean El Salvador Latin America and the Caribbean Guadeloupe Latin America and the Caribbean Guatemala Latin America and the Caribbean Guyana Latin America and the Caribbean Haiti Latin America and the Caribbean Honduras Latin America and the Caribbean Jamaica Latin America and the Caribbean Martinique Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico Latin America and the Caribbean Netherlands Antilles Latin America and the Caribbean Nicaragua Latin America and the Caribbean Panama Latin America and the Caribbean Paraguay Latin America and the Caribbean Peru Latin America and the Caribbean Puerto Rico Latin America and the Caribbean Suriname Latin America and the Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago Latin America and the Caribbean Uruguay Latin America and the Caribbean Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Latin America and the Caribbean Bahrain Middle East Iraq Middle East Jordan Middle East Kuwait Middle East Lebanon Middle East Oman Middle East Qatar Middle East Saudi Arabia Middle East Syrian Arab Republic Middle East United Arab Emirates Middle East West Bank & Gaza Middle East Yemen Middle East

indicator D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1 D9/D1

2010

2011

source

source surveysource calculation

Agency of Statistics Poverty forand Bosnia Living & Herzegovina Conditions Survey

5.7 4.1 4.3

Agency of Statistics of Kazakhstan National Bureau Labour of Statistics Force Survey Moldova

12.9

TurkStat

Income and Living Conditions Survey

10.1

ILO-SIALC

Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Puntual (1996-2002); Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Contnu

10.2 9.8

ILO SIALC OECD ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

National Household Survey (Pesquisa Nacional Por Amostra de Domicilios) Encuesta CASEN (National Socio-economic characterisation survey) Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); Encuesta Continua de Hogares Continua (ECH) ( Encuesta de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EHPM) (1995-2009); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (E

7.2

6.6

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Nacional de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo (ENEMDU)

8.7

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EPHPM)

5.9

5.5

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Nacional de Empleo (1995-2004); Encuesta Nacional de Ocupacin y Empleo (2005-2009)

6.6 10.5

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

Encuesta de Hogares

Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Encuesta Nacional d

13.1 3.7

12.1

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Ampliada (ENHA Encuesta de Hogares Second por semester Muestreo of each year.

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 148 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D1

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1

definition ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 149 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1

definition ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 150 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

1.8

1.7

1.7

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.9

1.9

1.6

1.6

1.6

1.6 1.6

1.7 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.7 2.1 1.7 4.4 1.4 1.6

1.6 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.8

1.7 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.8

1.6 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.9 1.6

1.7 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.7 2.9 1.5 1.6

1.7 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.5 2.2 1.4 1.5 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 2.9 1.7

1.7 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.5 2.2 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.9 3.0 1.5 1.7

1.7 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.5 2.2 1.4 1.5 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.9 1.7

2.0 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9 4.6 1.6

2.0 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.9

2.0 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.7 2.0

5.2 1.5 1.6

5.3 1.6

4.5 1.5 1.6

4.4 1.6

4.6 1.6

2.9 1.6 1.6

1.6

1.6

1.6 1.4 1.8 1.6

1.7 1.6

1.8 1.6

1.7 4.6 1.4 1.8 1.5

1.7 4.8 1.4 1.8 1.5

1.7 4.5 1.4 1.5

1.7 4.5 1.4 1.9

1.7 4.3 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.8

1.6 4.1 1.4 1.5 1.8

1.6 4.0 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.8 2.0

1.6 4.1 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.3 3.3 2.1

3.7 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.3 1.5 3.3 2.1

3.9 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.3 3.2 2.1 2.6 6.0

1.5 2.1 2.1 3.3 2.1

1.5 3.3 2.0

3.2 2.0

1.5 3.2 2.0

3.3 2.1

1.5 3.3 2.1

3.2 2.1

1.5 3.1 2.1

6.7

5.6

5.4

4.4

4.2

4.2

3.7

3.7

3.4

3.6

3.3

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1

definition ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages ratio between the 50th and 10th percentile of wages

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2.3

2.4

5.2

4.6

3.4

3.6

3.6

3.7

4.1

4.7

3.8

4.1

4.4

5.2

5.8

5.7

3.5 2.1 3.4

3.4 2.3 3.3

3.4 2.4 3.4

3.5 2.0 2.3 3.8

3.6 2.5 3.9 2.0 3.2 3.4

3.6

3.6 4.5 3.5

3.5

3.7 1.7 4.5 3.5

3.6 4.2 3.2

3.4 3.8 3.7

3.5 1.8 3.8 3.6

3.3 4.3 3.2

3.4

3.9

3.7

4.0

4.1

4.6

4.8

3.7

4.2

3.9

3.9

3.5

3.3

3.9

3.8

3.9

3.6

3.8

0.0

3.8

4.3

3.8

3.9

3.7

3.7

3.6

2.9

2.9

3.0

2.8

2.7

2.8

2.8

2.7

2.7

2.9

2.9

2.8

2.7

3.4 3.6

3.5

3.5 3.3

3.7 3.3

3.3 3.4

3.3 3.3

3.3 4.1

3.5 2.7

4.0 2.6

3.6 5.3

3.8 5.0

3.8 5.2

3.6 5.4

3.4

4.2

3.5

3.9

3.2

4.1 3.0

4.9 2.8

5.1 3.2

5.2 3.4

5.1 3.2

5.2 4.9

5.2 2.9

5.8 2.7

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 151 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 152 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 153 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 154 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 155 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 156 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 157 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 158 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 159 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 160 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 161 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 162 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 163 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 164 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

1.9

1.9

1.9

Ministry of Labour Survey of on Korea Labor Conditions by Employment Type Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Private Sector

Establishment

1.7 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.6 2.2 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.8 1.5 1.6 2.5 1.9 1.6 3.8 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.9 1.7 1.3 1.5 3.3 2.1 2.5 4.9

1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.9 1.6 3.1 1.9 1.7 3.6 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.3 3.3 2.1 2.3

1.7 1.7

OECD Australian Bureau of Statistics, Weekly Earnings of Full-time Employees Employees Full-time Employees Main job OECD Statistics Austria, Wage Tax Statistics All Employees All Employees Belgium Ministry Structure of the ofEconomy Earnings Survey Excludes NACE Annual rev. 2 sectors: All Employees A, O, T All Employees All Sectors 1.9 1.9 OECD Statistics Canada, Labor Force Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees

Household

Combination. Establis Household

2.0 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.9 1.5 1.6 3.3 2.0 1.8 1.7 3.7 1.6 2.0

3.2 2.1 1.8 2.8 3.5 1.6

OECD (1996-2004); Structure Czech of Earnings Statistical Survey Office (2005-2011) Annual Employees working Employees at least working All 30 Sectors hours. at least 30 hours.Combination. Establis OECD Tax registers and social security Workers data with wage rates lower All Employees than 80 All per Employees cent of the minimum wage are not Administrative covered. Statistics Estonia Earnings Survey Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Statistics Finland Structure of Earnings Survey Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment OECD Insee, Declaration annuelle Excludes de donnes certain sociales categories Full-time of public Employees workers. Full-time Earnings Employees are net of employee social security contrib OECD German Socio-Economic Panel Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Household OECD European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employees Full-time Employees OECD Survey of Individual Wages and Earnings Full-time Employees Companies with Establishment 10+ employees OECD European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employees Full-time Employees OECD Household survey (Living in Ireland Survey 2000), ESRI, Full-time for 2000 Employees Full-time data. European Employees Union Survey on Income and Living Con Israel CentralIncome BureauSurvey of Statistics Refers to gross Annual monthly income All Employees from wages and salaries. In 2000 All and jobs2001, Household East Jerusalem is exc OECD Household survey (Survey of Household Income and Full-time Wealth).Employees SHIW-HA Full-time Employees OECD Japan Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare, Basic Survey Full-time onEmployees Wage Full-time Structure Employees Statistics Latvia State Revenue Quarterly Service Administrative data Refers are averaged. to income Data Quarterly from paid All employment. Employees All Employees All Sectors Administrative Statistics Lithuania State Social Insurance Fund Board (SODRA) Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Combination. Establis STATEC Luxembourg Administrative Data (IGSS) All Employees All Employees All Sectors Administrative Malta National Annual Statistics Labour Office Force Annual All Employees Main job Household OECD Survey on Earnings Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Statistics New New Zealand Zealand Income Survey Refers to the Annual wages and salaries All Employees component of individual gross All income. jobs Household Statistics Norway Wage Statistics, All Employees Annual All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Central Statistical Structure Office of of Earnings Poland Survey Employee coverage Biennial changed All from Employees full-time Full-time employees Equivalent All Sectors only, to full-time equivalent Establishment employees sta Gabinete de Estratgia Quadros de e Planeamento Pessoal (GEP) Grossdo earnings Ministrio Annualdo Trabalho Full-time e da Employees Solidariedade Full-time Employees Private SocialSector Administrative Statistical Office Structure of theof Slovak Earnings Republic Survey Annual All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment

1.9 1.6 1.3 1.5 3.4 2.1 2.3

1.9 1.6 1.3 3.4 2.1 2.5

Spain National Annual Statistics Structure Institute of Earnings Agriculture Survey and Annual activities All of housesholds Employees All as Employees employers All Sectors (T) and activities of Establishment extraterritorial organiz Statistics Sweden Salary structures, whole economy Annual All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment Swiss Federal Structure Statistical ofOffice Earnings Survey Biennial All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment UK National Annual Statistics Survey Weekly of Hours data and areEarnings multiplied -Annual Workplace by 52/12. All Analysis Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment OECD (1995-1999); Current US Population Bureau Data are Survey of multiplied Labor Data Statistics refer by 52/12. to(2000-2011) Annual full time wage Full-time and salary Employees Full-time workers. Employees Main job Household National Statistics Households Service Integrated of Armenia Living Condition Survey State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan All Employees All jobs Household

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 165 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

2.4

2.2

2.3

2.4

National Bureau Labour of Statistics Force Survey Moldova

All Employees

Main job

Household

4.7

4.8

5.8

TurkStat

Income and Living Conditions Calculated Surveyon the basis of individual net monthly wages, salaries Main and job daily wage in main job

5.3

5.5

4.9

ILO-SIALC Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Puntual Annual (1996-2002); All Employees Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Main Contnua job Household (2003-2009)

3.3 4.0 3.1

3.3 1.7 4.2 3.5

4.4 3.8

ILO SIALC OECD ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

National Household Survey (Pesquisa Nacional Annual Por All Amostra Employees de Domicilios) Main job Household Encuesta CASEN (National Socio-economic characterisation Full-time survey) Employees Main job Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); Annual All Encuesta Employees Continua de Hogares Continua All jobs (ECH) (1995-2000); (2002-2005); Household Main Gran job Enc (2 Encuesta de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples Annual (EHPM) (1995-2009); Encuesta Nacional de Main Hogares job (ENAHO) Household (2010+)

3.2

3.1

3.0

2.8

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo (ENEMDU)

Main job

Household

3.4

4.3

3.7

ILO SIALC Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propsitos Annual Mltiples (EPHPM)

Main job

Household

2.8

2.8

2.9

2.7

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo Second (1995-2004); quarter Annual of Encuesta each year. Nacional de Ocupacin y Empleo (2005-2009) Household

3.6 5.1

3.4 4.7

3.1 4.9

ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares

August of each Annual year.

Main job

Household

ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Encuesta Main Nacional job de Household Hogares (ENAHO)

5.9 2.7

5.7 2.3

5.8 2.3

5.6

ILO SIALC Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Ampliada Main (ENHA) job Household (2006+) ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Second semester por Muestreo of each year. Annual Household

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 166 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 167 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 168 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 169 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 170 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 171 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 172 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 173 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 174 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 175 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 176 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 177 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notessource survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 178 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 179 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 Companies with at least 5+ M(1999); permanent employees National from 1999 Yes Limit D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 Limit D5/D1 GINC Limit D5/D1 Companies with 10+ employees RTD, EAE National Yes Limit D5/D1 D5/D1 Limit D5/D1 D5/D1 Companies with 10+ employees M(2005) (business sphere); National All sizes (non-business No sphere) D5/D1 Administrative Limit D5/D1 Limit D5/D1 Companies with 5+ employees. C(2001) RTD National Yes Limit D5/D1 NET (see notes) National Yes Limit D5/D1 Limit D5/D1 Limit D5/D1 Establishment D5/D1 Limit D5/D1 Limit D5/D1 15+ GINC, RTD, National SVI Average (to 2000); Limit (2001+) D5/D1 NET Limit D5/D1 Limit D5/D1 All Sizes 15+ SVI National No Limit D5/D1 All Sizes National No Limit D5/D1 Administrative National No Limit D5/D1 15+ National Limit D5/D1 Establishment D5/D1 15+ National Average D5/D1 All Sizes M(2008) SVI National Yes Average D5/D1 Companies with 10+ employees. M(2006) RTD, SVI National D5/D1 All Sizes EAC, RTD National No D5/D1 D5/D1 All Sizes National No D5/D1 D5/D1 All Sizes EAC, RTD, National SVI, EAR Yes Limit D5/D1 All Sizes EAC, SVI National No Limit D5/D1 Companies with 3+ employees M(1998) Cantonal EAC public National administration Yesincluded; Limit M(2006) communal public administration included D5/D1 All Sizes M(2006) RTD National No Limit D5/D1 16+ S(2000) National Limit D5/D1 D5/D1 15+ NET, RTD, EAC, National SVI D5/D1 ILO Global Wage Database 2010 180 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1 D5/D1

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

15+

NET

National. Excludes the left Limit side of Nistru and the Bender municipality (Transnistria region, contr

NET

14+

M(2003)

Urban

10+ 12+ M(2002); M(2006) 12+ (1995-1999); M(2010) 15+ (2010+)

Urban Urban (1995-2000); Principle Municipalities (2001+) Urban

10+

Urban

10+

Urban

12+ (1995-2004); M(2005) 14+ (2005+)

Urban

15+ 14+ M(2004)

Urban Urban. Lima. (1995-2003); Urban (2004+)

14+ 15+

M(2006)

Urban National

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 181 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 182 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 183 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 184 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 185 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 186 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 187 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 188 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 189 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 190 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 191 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 192 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name

region

indicator

Firm Coverage Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 193 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D5-D1

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5

definition ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 194 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5

definition ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ILO Global Wage Database 2010 195 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

1.8

1.9

1.9

1.9

1.9

1.9

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.1

2.0

2.1

2.1

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8 1.7

1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.8 2.3 1.9 2.5 1.5 1.8

1.9 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.8 2.2

1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.6 2.3

1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.6 2.3 2.0 2.8 1.8

1.9 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.7 2.0 2.3 1.7 2.1 2.8 1.7 1.8

1.9 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.2 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.3 1.7 2.0 2.8 1.9

1.9 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.2 1.7 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.3 1.8 2.1 2.8 1.6 1.9

1.9 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.1 1.7 2.0 1.7 2.0 2.4 1.8 2.0 2.8 1.9

1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.6 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.7 2.2 2.0 2.5 1.8

1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.8 2.2

1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.8 2.2

2.4 1.6 1.8

2.3 1.8

2.4 1.6 1.8

2.5 1.8

2.8 1.8

2.8 1.6 1.8

1.7

1.7

1.7 1.4 2.0 2.5

2.0 2.5

2.0 2.5

1.7 1.9 1.4 1.9 2.6

1.7 1.9 1.4 2.0 2.6

1.7 1.9 1.4 2.5

1.8 1.9 1.4 2.0

1.8 1.9 1.4 2.0 2.5 1.9

1.8 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.0

1.8 1.9 1.5 2.1 2.5 2.0 2.1

1.8 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.0 2.1 1.6 2.2 2.3

1.9 1.5 2.1 2.5 2.0 2.2 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.3

2.0 1.5 2.5 2.0 2.2 1.6 2.2 2.3 2.0 2.8

1.7 2.2 2.2 1.9 3.0 2.1 2.2

1.7 2.1 2.2

2.1 2.2

1.7 2.1 2.2

2.1 2.3

1.7 2.1 2.3

2.2 2.3

1.8 2.1 2.3

3.6

2.6

2.1

2.8

2.1

2.8

2.6

2.0

1.9

1.6

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5

definition ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages ratio between 90th percentile and 50th percentile of wages

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007 2.2

2.2

2.1

2.3

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.4

2.4

2.3

2.2

2.1

2.1

3.2 2.4 2.3

3.1 2.4 2.3

3.0 2.6 2.2

3.0 2.9 2.6 2.3

2.9 2.5 2.3 3.1 2.5 2.3

2.9

2.9 2.3 2.4

2.4

2.8 3.1 2.4 2.4

2.7 2.3 2.3

2.7 2.3 2.4

2.7 3.0 2.1 2.4

2.6 2.4 2.4

2.1

2.0

2.2

2.4

2.4

2.2

2.2

2.3

2.3

2.5

2.4

2.4

2.6

2.4

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.4

0.0

2.5

2.5

2.4

2.5

2.3

2.4

2.4

2.3

2.4

2.4

2.4

2.3

2.3

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.1

2.1

2.1

2.6 2.4

2.4

2.5 2.2

2.4 2.3

2.4 2.7

2.5 2.3

2.3 2.4

2.5 2.5

2.3 2.4

2.2 2.2

2.3 2.3

2.3 2.3

2.2 2.3

1.9

2.1

2.4

2.3

2.3

2.3 2.1

2.3 2.3

2.3 2.1

2.3 2.0

2.3 1.9

2.3 1.9

2.3 1.8

2.4 1.8

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 196 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name

region

indicator definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 197 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator 2008 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notes

source survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 198 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notes

source survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage

2.2

2.1

2.2

Ministry ofSurvey Labouron of Labor Korea Conditions by Employment Type

Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Private Sector

Establishment Companies with

1.9 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.4 1.8 2.0 2.8 1.6 1.8 2.8 2.3 1.6 2.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 2.0 2.2 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.3 1.9 2.9

2.0 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.4 2.1 2.7 1.8 2.7 2.3 1.6 1.9 1.5 2.5 2.0 2.2 1.6 2.2 2.4 1.8

2.0 1.9

OECD Australian Bureau of Statistics, Weekly Earnings of Employees Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Main job OECD Statistics Austria, Wage Tax Statistics All Employees All Employees Belgium Ministry Structure of the of Earnings Economy Survey Excludes NACE Annual rev. 2 sectors: All A, Employees O, T All Employees All Sectors 1.9 1.8 OECD Statistics Canada, Labor Force Survey Full-time Employees Full-time Employees

Household Combination. Companies Establishment with Household

1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.0 2.7 1.5 1.8 2.8 2.2 2.3 1.6 2.0 1.5 2.0

1.8 2.7 2.2 2.3 1.7 2.0 1.5

OECD (1996-2004); Structure of Czech Earnings Statistical Survey Office (2005-2011) Annual Employees working Employees at least working All 30 Sectors hours. at least 30 hours.Combination. Companies Establishment with a OECD Tax registers and social securityWorkers data with wage rates lower All than Employees 80 per Allcent Employees of the minimum wage are not covered. Administrative Statistics Estonia Earnings Survey Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Statistics Finland Structure of Earnings Survey Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Establishment Companies with OECD Insee, Declaration annuelle de donnes Excludes sociales certain categories of Full-time public workers. Employees Full-time Earnings Employees are net of employee social security contributions bu OECD German Socio-Economic Panel Full-time Employees Full-time Employees Household OECD European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employees Full-time Employees OECD Survey of Individual Wages and Earnings Full-time Employees Companies with Establishment 10+ employees OECD European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions Full-time Employees Full-time Employees OECD Household survey (Living in Ireland Survey 2000), ESRI, for Full-time 2000 data. Employees Full-time EuropeanEmployees Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU SIL Israel Central Income Bureau Survey of Statistics Refers to gross monthly Annual income All Employees from wages and salaries. In 2000All and jobs 2001, East Household Jerusalem is excluded. OECD Household survey (Survey of Household Income and Wealth). Full-time SHIW-HA Employees Full-time Employees OECD Japan Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare, Basic Survey on Full-time Wage Structure Employees Full-time Employees Statistics Latvia State Revenue Service Quarterly Administrative data are Refers averaged. Data to income Quarterly from paid employment. All Employees All Employees All Sectors Administrative All Sizes Statistics Lithuania State Social Insurance Fund Board (SODRA) Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors Combination. All Establishment Sizes STATEC Luxembourg Administrative Data (IGSS) All Employees All Employees All Sectors Administrative Malta National Annual Statistics Labour Office Force Annual All Employees Main job Household OECD Survey on Earnings Annual Full-time Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Statistics New New Zealand Zealand Income Survey Refers to the wages Annual and salaries All Employees component of individual gross income. All jobs Household Statistics Norway Wage Statistics, All Employees Annual All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment All Sizes Central Statistical Structure Office of Earnings of Poland Survey Employee coverage Biennial changedAll from Employees full-time Full-time employees Equivalent All only, Sectors to full-time equivalent Establishment employees Companies starting with in 20 Gabinete de Quadros Estratgia de e Pessoal Planeamento (GEP) Gross do Ministrio earnings Annual do TrabalhoFull-time e da Solidariedade Employees Full-time Social Employees Private Sector Administrative All Sizes Statistical Office Structure of the of Earnings Slovak Republic Survey Annual All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes

2.0 2.2 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.0

2.0 2.2 1.6 2.2 2.4 1.8

Spain National Annual Statistics Structure Institute of Earnings Survey Agriculture and Annual activities of All housesholds Employees All as employers Employees All (T) Sectors and activities of extraterritorial Establishment organizations All Sizes and Statistics Sweden Salary structures, whole economy Annual All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes Swiss Federal Structure Statistical of Earnings Office Survey Biennial All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Companies with UK National Annual Statistics Survey of Weekly Hoursdata and are Earnings multiplied - Workplace by 52/12. Annual Analysis All Employees All Employees All Sectors Establishment All Sizes OECD (1995-1999); Current Population US Bureau Data Survey are of Labor multiplied Statistics Data by refer 52/12. (2000-2011) to full Annual time wage and Full-time salaryEmployees workers. Full-time Employees Main job Household UNU-WIDER World Income Inequality Database National Statistics Households Service Integrated of Armenia Living Condition Survey All Employees All jobs Household State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 199 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5

2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notes

source survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage

Agency of Statistics Poverty and for Living Bosnia Per Conditions capita & Herzegovina consumption Survey expenditure.

2.0

2.0

1.8

1.8

National Bureau Labour ofForce Statistics Survey Moldova

All Employees

Main job

Household

2.2

2.3

2.2

TurkStat

Income and Living Conditions Survey Calculated on the basis of individual net monthly wages, salaries and Main daily job wage in main job

2.1

2.0

2.0

ILO-SIALC Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Puntual (1996-2002); Annual Encuestas All Employees Permanentes de Hogares Contnua Main (2003-2009) job Household

2.5 2.4 2.4

2.6 2.9 2.3 2.5

2.3 2.5

ILO SIALC National Household Survey (Pesquisa Nacional Annual Por AmostraAll de Employees Domicilios) Main job Household OECD Encuesta CASEN (National Socio-economic characterisation Full-time survey) Employees Main job ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); Annual Encuesta All Continua Employees de Hogares Continua (ECH) All(2002-2005); jobs (1995-2000); Household Gran Main Encuesta job Integrada (2001+) ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EHPM) Annual(1995-2009); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Main (ENAHO) job Household (2010+)

2.5

2.4

2.4

2.3

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo (ENEMDU)

Main job

Household

2.4

2.1

2.3

ILO SIALC Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propsitos Annual Mltiples (EPHPM)

Main job

Household

2.1

2.1

2.0

2.0

ILO SIALC Encuesta Nacional de Empleo (1995-2004); Second quarter Encuesta of Annual each Nacional year. de Ocupacin y Empleo (2005-2009)

Household

2.1 2.2

2.2 2.2

2.1 2.1

ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares

August of each year. Annual

Main job

Household

ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Encuesta Nacional Main dejob Hogares Household (ENAHO) (2004+)

2.3 1.7

2.3 1.7

2.3 1.6

2.2

ILO SIALC Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Ampliada (ENHA) Main (2006+) job Household ILO SIALC Encuesta de Hogares Second por semester Muestreo of each year. Annual Household

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 200 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name

region

indicator 2008

2009

2010

2011

source

source survey source calculation source notes

source survey Employee frequency Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 201 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 ILO Global Wage Database 2010 202 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 Companies D9/D5 with at least 5+ M(1999); permanent employees National from 1999 Yes Limit D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 Limit D9/D5 GINC Limit Companies D9/D5 with 10+ employees RTD, EAE National Yes Limit D9/D5 D9/D5 Limit D9/D5 Companies D9/D5 with 10+ employees M(2005) (business sphere); National All sizes (non-business No sphere) D9/D5 Limit D9/D5 Limit Companies D9/D5 with 5+ employees. C(2001) RTD National Yes Limit D9/D5 NET (see notes) National Yes Limit D9/D5 Limit D9/D5 Limit D9/D5 D9/D5 Limit D9/D5 Limit D9/D5 15+ GINC, RTD, National SVI Average (to 2000); Limit (2001+) D9/D5 NET Limit D9/D5 Limit D9/D5 15+ SVI National No Limit D9/D5 National No Limit D9/D5 National No Limit D9/D5 15+ National Limit D9/D5 D9/D5 15+ National Average D9/D5 M(2008) SVI National Yes Average Companies D9/D5 with 10+ employees. M(2006) RTD, SVI National D9/D5 EAC, RTD National No D9/D5 D9/D5 National No D9/D5 D9/D5 EAC, RTD, National SVI, EAR Yes Limit D9/D5 EAC, SVI National No Limit Companies D9/D5 with 3+ employees M(1998) Cantonal EAC public National administration Yesincluded; Limit M(2006) communal public administration included D9/D5 M(2006) RTD National No Limit D9/D5 16+ S(2000) National Limit D9/D5 D9/D5 15+ NET, RTD, EAC, National SVI D9/D5

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 203 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5 D9/D5

Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

15+

NET

National. Excludes the left Limit side of Nistru and the Bender municipality (Transnistria region, controlled by s

NET

14+

M(2003)

Urban

10+ 12+ M(2002); M(2006) 12+ (1995-1999); M(2010) 15+ (2010+)

Urban Urban (1995-2000); Principle Municipalities (2001+) Urban

10+

Urban

10+

Urban

12+ (1995-2004); M(2005) 14+ (2005+)

Urban

15+ 14+ M(2004)

Urban Urban. Lima. (1995-2003); Urban (2004+)

14+ 15+

M(2006)

Urban National

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 204 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name

region

indicator Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Decile Excluded? Limit/Average

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 205 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 D9-D5

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient

definition measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

60.0 36.1 33.2 31.1

38.7

37.1

38.9

66.0

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 206 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient

definition measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality

1995 35.0

1996 35.5

1997 37.0

1998 32.0

1999 30.8

2000 32.0

2001 32.0

2002 32.9

2003 32.0

2004 32.0

2005 33.0

2006 35.0

2007 37.4

2008

2009

2010

48.7

48.2

46.1

45.8

44.8

24.1

24.1 25.0

24.2 26.0

24.2 26.0

24.3 24.0 27.0

24.6 26.0

24.7 25.0 28.7 26.0 23.9 34.1 19.7 27.7 26.1 33.2 27.6 25.1 31.9 42.0 32.8 36.1 36.3

24.6 31.2 28.8 25.3 23.7 33.1 20.1 27.3 26.8 34.3 33.3 26.3 31.9 42.1 32.1 39.2 35.0

24.6 35.3 29.8 25.3 25.2 33.4 20.3 26.6 30.4 34.3 25.6 28.0 31.3 42.6 32.2 35.4 33.8

24.3 35.9 28.3 24.7 25.1 30.9 20.5 29.8 30.2 33.4 25.2 27.3 29.9 42.4 31.0 37.7 34.0 38.0 18.8 28.0 35.6 25.1 33.3 34.7 30.5 23.7 23.4 32.2 24.0 26 33.9

24.2 33.4 29.1 25.1 26.9 31.4 20.3 29.9 29.1 33.1 24.7 29.6 28.8 42.0 31.5 37.4 35.5 36.0 18.9 34.9 24.1 34.4 29.4 24.8 22.7 32.8 24.8 32.4

24.5 33.2 29.1 24.9 26.9 31.3 20.2 29.8 29.3 32.9 24.1 25.7 33.2 41.3 31.2 36.1 36.9 37.0 18.0 35.4 23.6 32.4 29.4 25.9 23.8 33.4 24.1 25.8 33.0

29.0 20.0 19.1 29.0 29.0 35.0 18.9 29.0 27.0 34.0 20.0 19.3 29.0 25.0 35.0 19.3 28.0 25.0 35.0 21.0 19.5 29.0 25.0 34.0 36.0 20.0 28.0 25.0 33.0 26.0 30.0 42.6 29.0 34.0 31.0 25.0 22.0 35.0 19.5 27.0 25.0 33.0 25.0 29.0 42.7 29.0

35.0 19.5 27.0

24.8 34.0 19.6 27.0 34.7 27.0 30.6 41.8

23.9 37.4 19.6 28.2 33.0 24.1 31.5 41.5 33.2

24.0

33.0 42.1 33.0

33.0 41.6 32.0

33.0 42.6 31.0

34.0 41.7 31.0

32.0 42.5 30.0

42.8

31.0

35.9 29.1 34.5 29.8 34.7 30.3 34.4 29.4 34.3

36.3 30.6 34.2

27.8 35.8

26.8 35.9 31.4

26.9 35.6 32.7 34.2 30.0 22.0 23.0 23.6 35.0

26.9 36.2 26.6 34.5 29.6 22.0

33.7 29.4 22.0

29.5 22.0 24.0

27.2 35.7 25.2 33.6 34.9 30.7

27.0 35.9 28.2 35.1 31.1 26.2 23.8 33.0 23.4 34.6

21.0 32.0 22.0 32.0 30.0 22.8 32.0

22.0 32.0 23.6 32.0

34.0 23.0 23.8 34.0

35.0

26.4 34.9 31.1 34.3 35.0 32.6 28.1 23.7 33.0 24.0 24.8 32.5

28.1 36.2 23.7 34.7 31.7 24.5 23.2 32.0 23.4 32.6

34.1 5.7 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.3 2.7

32.8

30.2

31.1

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 207 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient

definition measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality measure of inequality

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007 34.1 29.0 30.9 42.2 32.1 15.1

2008

2009

2010

29.0 31.9 39.1 13.3 33.8 45.3 13.6 34.7 44.7 13.8 33.2 44.3 14.1 30.7 44.9 13.9 33.9 44.1 13.9 32.8 41.9 14.0 31.5 40.7 14.5

30.0 30.5 42.2 15.2

30.0 30.4 43.3 14.9

28.0 31.2 44.6 33.2 15.3

28.0 28.8 36.3 31.2 14.9

27.0 26.7 37.1 30.0 14.7

31.5 27.8 37.1 29.3

37.3 13.5

34.5

33.9

34.1

34.9

33.8

37.6

38.0

39.8

39.1

40.2

41.8

43.6

43.8

42.3

40.3

39.1

39.1

36.9

35.9

35.9

51.6 40.5 38.4

50.6 40.5 38.0

50.5 41.9 38.1

50.4 42.4 39.1

49.6 41.3 39.7 42.7 39.3

49.3

49.2 42.3 38.7

47.9 43.6 38.5

47.3 43.1 36.8

46.6 43.3 38.1

46.2 40.5 37.1

45.4 45.9 36.2

45.0 44.4 38.8

44.8 42.2 41.6 42.8 41.6

39.8

39.6

39.4

43.2

44.4

46.0

46.8

46.6

42.4

44.0

46.3

43.6

41.7

43.2

40.8

40.7

39.1

42.0

41.2

41.6

40.1

43.1

43.8

44.6

43.4

42.8

42.2

41.2

43.4

40.5

39.0

42.4

44.1

42.4

42.5

41.5

40.0

41.5

39.8

37.5

37.5

38.6

37.9

37.0

36.8

36.0

36.3

36.5

43.7 46.9

40.6

39.2 43.0

38.2 44.1

36.1 47.9

39.7 46.8

40.3 48.3

43.0 44.2

42.9 47.0

42.9 44.9

41.5 46.2

41.5 44.6

39.8 43.7

38.4 42.1

38.8 42.3

37.4 42.2

35.2

38.1

40.7

38.5

37.2

41.2 34.3

42.2 36.6

42.0 36.5

42.2 36.1

42.6 34.3

42.3 35.6

42.6 29.6

42.7 28.8

42.3 27.7

42.0 26.1

40.7 24.6

35.5

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 208 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name

region

indicator

definition

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 209 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator 2011 gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient

source

source survey

source calculation

source notesEmployee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage

Ministre du Plan de la Republique Enquete 1-2-3 DemocratiquePrimary du Congo occupation only. United Nations Development Egypt Programme Human Development Income Report related 2008

Central Statistics Office of Household Mauritius Budget Survey Income 2006/2007 related

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 210 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient

2011

source ILO national expert

source survey

source calculation

source notesEmployee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage

National Statistical Office Labour of the Force Phillipines Survey

Income related.

Belgium Ministry of the Economy Structure of Earnings Survey Eurostat Eurostat SILC Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Eurostat Eurostat SILC Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Eurostat Eurostat SILC Statistics Finland Structure of Earnings Survey Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Eurostat Eurostat SILC Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Israel Central Bureau of Statistics Income Survey Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related

Excludes NACE All Employees rev. 2 sectors: All Employees A, O, All T Sectors Income related

Combination. Companies Establishment with 10 an

25.2 27.8 31.9

Income related Income related Full-time Employees Full-time Employees All Sectors

Establishment Companies with 5+

29.0 26.9 23.6

Income related

Refers to gross Allmonthly Employees income from wages and salaries. Main job In 2000 Household and 2001, East Jerusalem is

35.2 32.9 37.0

35.1 22.9

23.8 33.4 24.4

Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related STATEC Luxembourg Administrative Data (IGSS) All Employees All Employees All Sectors Administrative Malta National Statistics Annual Office Labour Force All Employees Main job Household Statistics Netherlands Inkomenspanelonderzoek Income related Statistics New Zealand New Zealand Income Survey Refers to theAll wages Employees and salaries component of individual All jobsgrossHousehold income. Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Central Statistical Office Structure of Polandof Earnings Survey Employee coverage All Employees changed Full-time from full-time Equivalent All Sectors employees only, toEstablishment full-time equivalent Companies employees with 10 Gabinete de Estratgia e Quadros Planeamento de Pessoal (GEP) do Ministrio do Trabalho e da Gross Solidariedade earnings Full-time Social Employees Full-time Employees Private Sector Administrative All Sizes Romanian National Institute Household of Statistic Budget Survey Income related. The coefficient is calculated using disposable income per adult equivalent. Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Spain National Statistics Annual InstituteStructure of Earnings Survey Agriculture and All activities Employees All of housesholds Employees All Sectors as employers (T) andEstablishment activities ofAll extraterritorial Sizes org Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related Swiss Federal Statistical Structure Office of Earnings Survey All Employees Full-time Equivalent All Sectors Establishment Companies with 3+ Eurostat Eurostat SILC Income related

30.4

National Statistics Service Households of Armenia Integrated Living Condition Survey Eurostat Repository ILO Global Wage Database 2010 211 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

All Employees

All jobs

Household

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient

2011

source

source survey

source calculation

source notesEmployee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage Per capita consumption expenditure. Income related

Agency of Statistics for Bosnia Poverty &and Herzegovina Living Conditions Survey Eurostat Eurostat SILC

28.8

Agency of Statistics of Kazakhstan Income related National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic National Bureau of Statistics Labour Moldova Force Survey All Employees Eurostat repository (1995-2004); Ministry of Ministry Healthof Main Health Eurostat Indicators and Social and fornational 2009-2010 Development source (2005-2009) of match Russian for overlapping Federation (2005-2009) years.

Main job

Household

TurkStat

Income and Living Conditions Survey

Calculated on the basis of individual net monthly wages, Main job salaries and daily wage in main job

ILO-SIALC

Encuestas Permanentes de Hogares Puntual (1996-2002); Encuestas All Employees Permanentes de Hogares Contnua Main (2003-2009) job Household

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

National Household Survey (Pesquisa Nacional Por Amostra de All Domicilios) Employees

Main job

Household

Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) (1995-2000); Encuesta Continua All Employees de Hogares Continua (ECH)All (2002-2005); jobs (1995-2000); Household Gran Encuesta Main job Integrada (2001+)de H Encuesta de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EHPM) (1995-2009); Encuesta Nacional de HogaresMain (ENAHO) job (2010+) Household

36.0

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Nacional de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo (ENEMDU)

Main job

Household

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Propsitos Mltiples (EPHPM)

Main job

Household

34.7

ILO SIALC

Encuesta Nacional de Empleo (1995-2004); Encuesta Second Nacional quarter de of Ocupacin each year.y Empleo (2005-2009)

Household

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

Encuesta de Hogares

August of each year.

Main job

Household

Encuesta de Hogares Especializada de Niveles de Empleo (ENIVE) (1995-2003); Encuesta Nacional Main de Hogares job Household (ENAHO) (2004+)

39.1

ILO SIALC ILO SIALC

Encuesta Continua de Hogares (ECH) (1995-2005); Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Ampliada (ENHA) Main (2006+) job Household Encuesta de Hogares porSecond Muestreo semester of each year. Household

Qatar Statistics

Household Income and Expenditure Based on Qatari Survey only household expenditure.

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 212 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name

region

indicator

2011

source

source survey

source calculation

source notesEmployee Coverage Wage Calculation Sector Coverage Job Coverage Survey Type Firm Coverage

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 213 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient ILO Global Wage Database 2010 214 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name region indicator Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded? Indonesia Asia gini coefficient Iran, Islamic Republic of Asia gini coefficient Korea (North) Asia gini coefficient Korea, Republic of Asia gini coefficient Lao People's Democratic Republic Asia gini coefficient Macau (China) Asia gini coefficient Malaysia Asia gini coefficient Maldives, Republic of Asia gini coefficient Mongolia Asia gini coefficient Myanmar Asia gini coefficient Nepal Asia gini coefficient Pakistan Asia gini coefficient Papua New Guinea Asia gini coefficient Philippines Asia gini coefficient Singapore Asia gini coefficient Solomon Islands Asia gini coefficient Sri Lanka Asia gini coefficient Taiwan (China) Asia gini coefficient Thailand Asia gini coefficient Timor-Leste Asia gini coefficient Viet Nam Asia gini coefficient Australia Developed Economies gini coefficient Austria Developed Economies gini coefficient Belgium Developed Economies gini coefficient Companies with 10+ employees RTD, EAE National Yes Bulgaria Developed Economies gini coefficient Canada Developed Economies gini coefficient Cyprus Developed Economies gini coefficient Czech Republic Developed Economies gini coefficient Denmark Developed Economies gini coefficient Estonia Developed Economies gini coefficient Finland Developed Economies gini coefficient Companies with 5+ employees. C(2001) RTD National France Developed Economies gini coefficient Germany Developed Economies gini coefficient Greece Developed Economies gini coefficient Hungary Developed Economies gini coefficient Iceland Developed Economies gini coefficient Ireland Developed Economies gini coefficient Israel Developed Economies gini coefficient 15+ GINC, RTD, National SVI Italy Developed Economies gini coefficient Japan Developed Economies gini coefficient Latvia Developed Economies gini coefficient Lithuania Developed Economies gini coefficient Luxembourg Developed Economies gini coefficient National No Malta Developed Economies gini coefficient 15+ National Netherlands Developed Economies gini coefficient New Zealand Developed Economies gini coefficient 15+ National Norway Developed Economies gini coefficient Poland Developed Economies gini coefficient Companies with 10+ employees. M(2006) RTD, SVI National Portugal Developed Economies gini coefficient EAC, RTD National No Romania Income related. The coefficient is Developed calculated using Economies disposable income per giniadult coefficient equivalent. INC Slovakia Developed Economies gini coefficient Slovenia Developed Economies gini coefficient Spain Developed Economies gini coefficient EAC, RTD, National SVI, EAR Yes Sweden Developed Economies gini coefficient Switzerland Developed Economies gini coefficient Companies with 3+ employees M(1998) Cantonal EAC public National administration Yesincluded; M(2006) communal public administration included United Kingdom Developed Economies gini coefficient United States Developed Economies gini coefficient Albania Eastern Europe and Central Asia gini coefficient Armenia Eastern Europe and Central Asia gini coefficient 15+ NET, RTD, EAC, National SVI Azerbaijan Eastern Europe and Central Asia gini coefficient ILO Global Wage Database 2010 215 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient gini coefficient

Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

15+

NET

National. Excludes the left side of Nistru and the Bender municipality (Transnistria region, controlled by separatists).

NET

14+

M(2003)

Urban

10+ 12+ M(2002); M(2006) 12+ (1995-1999); M(2010) 15+ (2010+)

Urban Urban (1995-2000); Principle Municipalities (2001+) Urban

10+

Urban

10+

Urban

12+ (1995-2004); M(2005) 14+ (2005+)

Urban

15+ 14+ M(2004)

Urban Urban. Lima. (1995-2003); Urban (2004+)

14+ 15+

M(2006)

Urban National

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 216 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name

region

indicator

Age Coverage Series Break Wage Definition Geographic Notes Agricultural Coverage Excluded?

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 217 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 GINI

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share

definition 1995 1996 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 30.5 in GDP 29.1 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP 20.9 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 21.4 in GDP 23.6 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP 25.6 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP 31.4 share of wages in GDP 16.9 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in 41.1 GDP 40.1 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP 15.7 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 50.1 in GDP 49.9 share of wages 35.6 in GDP 37.5 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 60.0 in GDP 57.9 share of wages in GDP share of wages 47.5 in GDP 47.5 share of wages 27.2 in GDP 28.0

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

25.9

27.0

21.0 24.1 20.0

25.2 25.5 20.0

23.4 23.1 19.8

24.9 19.6

22.5 16.0

22.9 19.9

22.5 37.4

22.0 17.2

21.2 22.8

20.3

20.2

19.9

22.9 26.4

21.5 27.1

21.6 27.9

22.0 28.7 28.4 28.4 28.4 26.9 26.6 26.7 25.9 24.9 24.9

24.9

25.4

26.1

24.4

21.1

32.6 16.8

33.7 21.6

34.4 22.2

34.8 20.1

35.3 18.9

37.3 17.4

37.2 17.1

37.2 16.7

36.9 16.9

37.7 16.4

37.0

33.9

34.0

35.4

39.4

36.0 35.2 34.4 34.0 33.4 32.9 32.3 32.7 33.6 32.4 26.7 26.5 27.4 25.7 25.4 46.1 45.0 42.8 45.3 44.0 42.5 39.8 15.7 15.6 15.8 14.3 14.0 14.5 15.6 15.9 16.6 4.4 4.1 4.0 5.2 3.8 3.4 10.3 5.2 8.8

38.3 30.2

37.4 31.3

36.6 32.5

36.2 33.0

33.2 32.6 24.2 40.0 16.2 5.5

33.7 30.8 24.7 38.6 15.1 3.7

34.1 25.5 40.7 15.8 4.1

34.1

14.8

19.1

19.1

18.6

18.5

18.6 46.8 46.6 26.7 15.8 35.8

19.6 57.0 45.2 28.9 14.9 36.8

19.0 51.9 45.5 26.0 13.9 36.7

19.4 54.2 45.0 25.9 13.0 36.0

21.0 55.0 44.5 26.4 12.3 35.8

20.8 39.5 44.0 25.7 12.2 35.5

20.5 33.7 43.8

20.0 34.9 44.1 44.9 45.2

49.6 37.0

50.2 36.7

49.7 28.7 17.0 35.7

48.0 25.4 16.4 35.5

12.0 36.2

13.9 35.4

12.8 36.1

83.9

99.9

94.2

94.9

88.8

77.5

90.4

81.1

76.4

82.5

58.7 47.6 27.2

58.7 50.6 28.8

59.7 43.6 51.2 29.3

59.6 43.8 51.1 29.8

58.6 39.4 52.3 31.1

59.5 37.6 52.3 31.0

59.0 36.3 52.7 30.9

50.7 39.4 51.1

50.4 38.0 49.9 29.1

49.3 49.3 28.8

48.2 49.2 27.9

48.0 48.9 29.3 51.6 29.9

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 218 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 WAGE SHARE - Unadjusted

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia

indicator unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share

definition 1995 1996 share of wages in GDP share of wages 23.3 in GDP 23.0 share of wages in GDP share of wages 51.5 in GDP 52.9 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 26.6 in GDP 23.9 share of wages 25.3 in GDP 26.0 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 49.9 in GDP 50.7 share of wages 59.5 in GDP 58.6 share of wages 51.2 in GDP 51.2 share of wages in GDP share of wages 51.7 in GDP 51.2 share of wages in GDP share of wages 43.0 in GDP 43.8 share of wages 52.1 in GDP 52.4 share of wages in GDP share of wages 49.5 in GDP 50.0 share of wages 51.8 in GDP 51.9 share of wages 54.0 in GDP 53.7 share of wages in GDP share of wages 54.6 in GDP 53.1 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 51.1 in GDP 52.1 share of wages 41.3 in GDP 41.4 share of wages 54.8 in GDP 54.3 share of wages 44.0 in GDP 46.0 share of wages in GDP share of wages 47.1 in GDP 47.0 share of wages in GDP share of wages 51.2 in GDP 50.8 share of wages 41.7 in GDP 42.4 share of wages 46.9 in GDP 45.9 share of wages 39.8 in GDP 40.9 share of wages 48.1 in GDP 48.7 share of wages 39.6 in GDP 40.1 share of wages 39.9 in GDP 41.3 share of wages 55.7 in GDP 54.1 share of wages in GDP share of wages 52.4 in GDP 54.5 share of wages 64.6 in GDP 64.4 share of wages 52.6 in GDP 51.7 share of wages 57.1 in GDP 56.5 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 22.6 in GDP 18.8

1997 23.7 51.3

1998 25.5 48.8

1999 23.4 47.9 35.8

2000 23.2 48.1 33.9

2001 24.0 49.1 34.6

2002 22.6 49.0 32.0

2003 22.0 50.0 29.5 28.0 25.5 44.2 18.4 24.5

2004 21.4 49.8 27.3

2005 22.2 51.1 28.7

2006 22.6 51.5 30.6

2007 20.7 51.3 30.8

2008

2009

2010

51.6 30.6

51.5 29.4

49.9

26.0 22.8 22.9 45.0 24.6 27.2 22.9 28.3 21.1 27.1 19.7 26.2 19.7 25.2 24.9 44.8 18.9 24.5

22.3 43.2 18.2 27.6

21.5 42.2 16.5 27.7

20.5 40.2 15.1 27.8

21.6 39.2

24.8 38.9

30.7 36.9 35.3

27.8

27.8

28.6

46.2

46.3

46.3

46.3

46.5

51.8

51.5

51.3

51.5

52.2

52.8

53.7

50.1 58.1 50.9 51.3 44.8 44.0 52.2 48.6 51.5 52.8 51.9

50.6 57.8 50.8 52.0 43.5 42.1 53.4 48.1 51.2 52.6 51.7

50.1 57.8 51.4 38.4 51.2 43.2 41.7 53.7 46.5 48.1 51.8 52.7 50.9

49.9 57.0 50.9 36.3 50.6 42.7 41.9 52.6 45.2 47.2 51.9 53.4 33.2 52.7

48.9 56.2 52.3 36.4 51.4 42.3 42.3 53.7 44.6 47.7 52.2 53.1 32.7 52.5

48.7 55.5 52.5 35.3 51.5 44.2 43.2 54.1 44.2 47.7 52.6 52.7 35.4 52.6 38.3 51.7 39.8 53.4 38.5 43.1 49.4 45.6 51.3 41.5 46.3 39.1 49.5 43.9 39.6 51.2 48.7 56.0 67.5 54.6 57.8

48.3 55.5 52.0 35.3 51.2 45.7 43.8 54.4 44.3 48.4 52.5 52.4 34.8 54.0 38.6 50.3 40.2 52.7 39.7 43.4 47.3 46.8 51.5 41.8 45.7 38.2 49.8 41.9 38.8 50.9 48.4 55.4 67.1 54.1 57.6

48.7 54.5 50.7 34.7 50.9 45.1 42.7 53.6 44.3 48.2 52.2 51.5 35.0 53.9 39.4 49.3 39.9 51.4 39.5 44.3 47.1 45.6 51.1 42.3 43.8 36.2 49.5 41.2 36.8 51.1 47.7 54.6 65.2 53.7 56.7

48.7 54.1 50.3 34.5 50.6 45.0 43.1 53.3 44.2 49.0 52.0 50.4 35.2 54.2 40.7 49.3 40.7 51.5 41.9 44.9 46.1 44.4 49.6 43.1 41.7 35.8 50.3 44.3 37.2 51.0 47.4 54.2 65.8 54.0 56.2 39.4 22.5

48.9 53.3 50.1 33.6 51.3 44.8 43.0 53.4 44.3 48.7 51.9 49.4 34.9 53.3 41.0 49.8 41.0 52.0 43.9 47.2 43.8 43.5 49.0 43.5 41.0 35.5 49.7 43.4 36.7 50.5 47.2 52.9 64.9 53.7 56.1 39.0 17.1

48.7 53.0 50.1 33.9 51.3 43.7 42.9 54.8 46.6 47.6 51.4 48.5 35.4 54.7 41.6 50.3 40.9 51.5 46.9 47.8 43.0 42.9 49.0 42.8 43.3 35.5 48.9 44.0 36.3 49.8 47.7 53.7 64.2 53.5 56.2 38.2 15.2

48.5 54.0 51.3 35.2 51.2 43.9 44.3 56.4 51.2 49.4 51.6 49.3 36.4 54.5 44.4 51.1 41.9 53.2 50.5 49.3 43.6 43.5 49.4 43.7 42.9 37.3 49.8 47.1 36.4 50.8 48.8 53.8 64.5 53.2 56.4 37.2 14.3

56.3 52.9 37.8 53.6 46.1 44.3 58.7 51.6 52.3 52.7 51.1 37.7 54.9 45.9 48.7 42.9 46.9 50.0 46.7 44.0 52.1 46.7 36.7 51.6 45.1 38.9 53.1 49.0 55.3 67.2 55.5 55.7

55.3 36.5

50.6

51.7

51.7 41.6 54.6 44.1 47.9 50.2 42.5 45.9 41.7 48.8 34.9 42.9 52.2 54.1 64.1 51.8 56.4

50.8 39.7 54.8 43.9 47.8 46.0 50.9 42.7 49.6 42.0 48.8 42.5 42.5 51.2 54.1 63.5 53.0 57.5

51.5 39.8 54.2 43.7 45.8 45.7 51.1 41.2 48.7 41.5 48.7 38.7 40.8 50.3 52.7 64.2 53.4 57.6

51.3 39.2 53.9 41.4 44.1 46.2 43.8 50.7 41.0 43.1 40.2 49.3 43.8 40.7 51.5 49.5 54.8 64.2 54.5 58.5

53.0 39.5 54.1 39.7 42.6 49.4 46.6 50.8 41.0 44.1 41.0 49.3 45.8 39.7 52.0 49.2 56.5 66.6 55.2 58.5

42.9 46.1

51.1 44.1

53.7 65.9

19.7

19.295

20.965

21.6

20.087

20.818

22.7

24.9

17.4

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 219 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 WAGE SHARE - Unadjusted

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share

definition 1995 1996 share of wages 47.4 in GDP 48.1 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP 50.3 share of wages in GDP share of wages 37.3 in GDP 38.9 share of wages 37.8 in GDP 33.6 share of wages 50.6 in GDP 49.9 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 48.7 in GDP 54.0 share of wages in GDP share of wages 40.0 in GDP 37.5 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 33.0 in GDP 34.3 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP 37.9 share of wages in GDP share of wages 45.7 in GDP 45.7 share of wages in GDP 39.5 share of wages 32.3 in GDP 30.6 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP 63.0 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 37.5 in GDP 36.4 share of wages in GDP share of wages 38.3 in GDP 39.1 share of wages in GDP 29.9 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP 34.0 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP

1997 47.8 50.6 38.6 32.2 48.7 62.5 51.1

1998 51.8 51.9 37.7 32.6 49.1 53.3 51.9

1999 50.5 54.0 35.6 32.1 33.9 47.6 51.7

2000 51.3 52.9 35.8 30.7 36.4 44.6 24.2 46.6

2001 55.4 49.9 35.9 27.2 40.5 45.9 23.4 45.9

2002 54.3 50.2 32.8 26.9 43.8 48.8 20.6 44.3

2003 51.6 51.8 17.3 32.9 26.6 49.2 51.4 13.9 43.9

2004 51.6 50.8 16.7 33.3 24.3 48.6 48.4 13.5 40.7

2005 53.6 45.5 48.3 17.0 33.0 24.3 49.9 43.8 46.9 14.0 37.4

2006 55.3 45.2 47.6 16.6 31.6 27.2 50.8 44.5 45.8 13.6 38.9

2007 54.3 46.2 47.8 19.1 34.5 26.7 50.1 46.7 45.9 13.7 34.0

2008 52.9 48.8 23.2 32.8 26.3 53.7 47.2 45.0 12.2 34.9

2009 55.6 51.4 29.1 33.9 28.5 57.5 51.7 44.6 38.4

2010 56.8

29.0 34.5 29.6 52.5

56.0 37.1

56.7 38.3

53.3 40.7

49.9 40.5

47.9 42.1

51.3 34.6

50.9 34.3

50.3 36.1

55.7 38.5

56.6 41.5

55.4 42.9

57.1

56.7

56.7

33.3 38.6 45.1 39.7

32.6 40.3 44.9 39.5

34.6 41.5 43.0 38.7

36.1 40.4 32.8 44.9 36.2

36.0 40.7 33.3 47.5 37.3

35.2 40.5 33.7 47.9 37.0

34.5 41.2 33.1 47.3 36.5

32.6 45.8 39.1 32.4 46.5 36.0

30.8 46.7 37.5 32.1 46.9 37.8

27.3 47.6 34.8 31.9 46.5 36.0

27.0 48.1 35.2 32.0 46.9 34.8

25.0 49.1 39.4 31.6 47.8 35.7

27.8 40.6 32.2 50.5 36.9

26.5

33.4

32.4

32.5

32.0

31.9

31.6

30.8

30.4

30.6

42.4

43.8

44.5

45.4

44.7 45.2 29.7 56.0 34.7

44.5 44.5 29.6 54.0 33.1

44.8 28.6 57.4 33.1

45.7 28.1 57.3 32.4

46.9 28.0 58.3 30.0

46.9 29.2

45.0

59.7 36.3

60.4 36.8

60.2 36.5

57.8 37.8

56.9 36.9

55.1 35.7

31.4 57.0 35.0

33.4 36.6 39.6 31.7 35.5 32.3

39.3 36.3 40.1 38.9 39.6

43.2 41.1 35.8 40.0 40.2 35.4

41.1 32.8 34.1 39.3 28.8

40.6 35.1 35.9 38.1 31.9

38.2 33.0 38.1 9.9 37.9 34.4

33.9 30.7 35.6 17.8 38.2 30.3

32.8 30.1 33.9 21.2 37.8 27.4

34.4 28.5 31.4 37.5 22.6

30.6 29.0 37.3 20.6

32.3 31.0 38.4 22.1

30.1 37.6 20.9

35.4 40.4 28.4

25.3

28.6
36.5 29.9 21.0

29.0
22.9

29.2
22.7

30.0
20.3

28.9
19.7

26.5
16.2

24.9

26.0

21.5 15.2
22.1

28.4

24.7

23.8

24.4

24.3

22.7

21.1

19.4

21.7

24.3

23.5

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 220 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 WAGE SHARE - Unadjusted

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia ILO Global Wage Database 2010 221 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 WAGE SHARE - Unadjusted

indicator unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share

2011

33.8

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Developed Economies Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia ILO Global Wage Database 2010 222 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 WAGE SHARE - Unadjusted

indicator unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share

2011

55.0

43.9

42.5

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East Middle East

indicator unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share unadjusted wage share

2011

55.4

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 223 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 WAGE SHARE - Unadjusted

country name Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Fiji Hong Kong (China) India

region Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia

indicator adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share adjusted wage share

definition 1995 1996 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 224 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 WAGE SHARE - Adjusted

country name Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Korea (North) Korea, Republic of Lao People's Democratic Republic Macau (China) Malaysia Maldives, Republic of Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Taiwan (China) Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Albania Armenia Azerbaijan

region indicator Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Asia adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Developed Economies adjusted wage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share

definition 1995 1996 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 73.8 in GDP 75.2 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 54.8 in GDP 55.8 share of wages 43.9 in GDP 44.0 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 59.1 in GDP 59.5 share of wages 61.8 in GDP 60.8 share of wages 62.4 in GDP 62.5 share of wages 54.2 in GDP 48.4 share of wages 57.6 in GDP 57.4 share of wages 57.8 in GDP 58.3 share of wages 46.2 in GDP 47.3 share of wages 56.5 in GDP 56.7 share of wages 56.1 in GDP 53.6 share of wages 57.3 in GDP 57.8 share of wages 58.1 in GDP 58.0 share of wages 61.0 in GDP 60.8 share of wages 55.9 in GDP 55.1 share of wages 55.8 in GDP 55.3 share of wages 61.8 in GDP 61.7 share of wages 56.0 in GDP 54.8 share of wages in GDP share of wages 56.5 in GDP 56.7 share of wages 64.4 in GDP 63.6 share of wages 51.7 in GDP 54.0 share of wages 45.5 in GDP 48.8 share of wages 51.3 in GDP 51.3 share of wages 51.0 in GDP 53.0 share of wages 60.7 in GDP 60.2 share of wages 46.3 in GDP 47.0 share of wages 51.5 in GDP 50.1 share of wages 56.7 in GDP 58.2 share of wages 58.4 in GDP 59.3 share of wages 59.0 in GDP 60.7 share of wages 42.8 in GDP 44.2 share of wages 68.6 in GDP 66.2 share of wages 60.2 in GDP 60.2 share of wages 56.2 in GDP 58.4 share of wages 71.4 in GDP 71.7 share of wages 62.1 in GDP 60.6 share of wages 62.4 in GDP 61.7 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 52.0 in GDP 49.4

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

72.7

71.9

68.9

68.0

68.9

67.9

68.4

67.7

69.0

68.8

67.6

67.3

66.2

63.2

63.2

55.0 43.6

56.6 46.1

54.7 45.5

51.6 45.7

50.8 48.8

50.2 47.2

48.8 46.4

53.0 42.6

54.9 42.1

54.4 41.9

53.4 42.3

53.0 44.7

53.7 45.7

43.9

45.1

59.0 60.5 62.1 45.6 57.7 59.1 48.5 56.3 52.3 56.1 57.5 59.9 56.4 54.6 60.3 52.5 56.8 63.7 54.8 50.3 52.2 52.0 59.4 47.1 50.0 58.3 59.3 54.5 45.9 64.1 60.0 57.9 71.6 60.4 61.5

59.1 60.1 61.6 53.2 58.6 57.1 47.4 57.5 51.9 54.9 56.9 59.6 56.2 53.7 62.6 51.7 54.2 64.1 53.1 51.9 51.9 52.0 59.9 47.2 53.9 57.7 59.1 64.5 45.7 62.8 59.6 57.6 70.9 61.2 62.3

58.5 59.9 62.3 53.1 57.3 56.5 47.2 57.8 50.6 54.8 57.4 59.8 56.4 52.8 65.1 49.9 54.0 63.5 52.2 53.4 49.6 51.8 59.6 45.6 52.7 56.9 58.5 62.6 44.3 61.6 59.2 56.4 70.9 61.5 62.3

58.0 59.0 61.3 50.6 56.4 56.2 47.8 56.4 49.7 53.8 57.3 60.6 55.6 53.6 67.0 48.5 53.2 62.7 49.1 48.8 49.8 49.9 58.8 44.5 46.6 55.4 59.2 72.1 45.2 62.8 58.9 58.6 69.9 62.5 63.2

56.7 58.6 62.6 51.4 56.9 55.1 47.9 57.5 48.5 54.1 57.5 60.1 53.7 53.4 64.8 48.2 53.2 62.5 47.4 47.3 53.1 52.6 58.8 44.3 47.6 57.1 59.4 75.9 44.2 63.0 58.3 60.1 72.5 63.3 63.1

56.4 57.9 62.8 49.9 56.8 57.1 49.6 58.0 48.1 53.8 58.0 59.7 57.2 53.5 65.7 46.3 53.3 61.1 45.3 48.0 53.1 51.5 59.4 45.1 50.0 54.6 59.1 61.7 44.4 62.0 57.6 59.5 73.3 62.5 62.2

55.7 58.0 62.2 49.6 56.5 59.7 50.7 58.3 48.6 54.6 58.0 59.6 55.9 53.7 65.1 46.5 53.8 59.9 46.0 48.9 50.8 52.8 59.5 45.3 49.5 52.5 59.5 60.5 43.8 61.4 56.8 58.6 72.4 62.4 62.2 44.3 69.3

56.1 56.8 60.5 48.6 56.1 58.9 50.2 57.3 49.1 54.3 57.6 58.7 55.5 53.2 64.7 47.4 53.6 58.6 45.7 49.3 50.5 53.2 59.2 46.0 47.2 49.4 58.7 54.1 42.5 61.6 55.9 57.9 69.8 62.1 61.3 43.1 75.0

55.8 56.4 60.0 47.7 55.7 58.1 49.9 56.9 48.0 55.3 57.6 57.8 55.8 53.3 66.0 48.5 64.4 53.9 58.6 47.9 49.0 49.3 51.5 57.6 47.1 44.7 48.3 59.3 58.8 43.1 61.4 55.4 57.5 70.3 62.2 60.7 43.1 66.7

55.6 55.9 59.7 46.1 56.3 56.7 49.9 56.9 48.2 55.0 57.4 56.4 53.2 52.5 68.4 48.8 64.2 54.1 58.0 50.1 50.6 46.7 52.6 56.9 47.2 43.8 47.1 58.2 55.8 42.6 60.8 54.9 56.1 69.3 62.1 60.6 42.6 50.9

55.3 55.5 59.6 46.1 56.4 55.0 49.5 58.3 50.6 53.7 56.8 55.1 53.3 53.0 69.9 50.2 65.3 53.7 56.9 53.0 49.7 45.8 51.4 56.8 46.2 45.9 46.5 57.2 56.6 42.3 59.9 55.3 56.9 69.1 62.0 60.6 42.4 44.3

55.0 56.6 60.9 47.8 56.0 53.5 50.3 59.4 54.8 55.6 57.2 55.9 54.5 52.5 65.0 55.3 65.9 54.7 58.2 56.6 50.0 46.6 51.5 57.3 47.0 45.2 48.5 58.3 60.4 43.0 61.1 56.6 56.9 69.0 62.3 61.0 42.0 41.0

55.3 58.7 62.5 51.7 58.7 57.1 50.5 62.1 56.2 59.6 58.7 58.3 56.8 52.2 59.1 56.2 62.7 55.7 58.7 52.8 51.2 50.5 53.2 60.5 47.2 50.5 47.8 59.6 59.7 46.5 64.5 57.3 58.2 71.5 64.8 60.6 43.0 58.2

62.0 57.7 61.4 53.1 57.4 55.4 51.0 59.2 52.5 58.6 58.7 57.3 54.9 49.0 59.9 53.7 55.2 57.3 48.7 46.5 49.0 51.4 59.2 54.2 48.9 48.2 58.1 60.7 45.7 65.4 55.6 56.5 70.1 64.0 59.3 41.8

64.4 57.2 61.7 51.1 55.9 55.4 51.5 58.8 51.0 57.1 58.8 57.6 52.4 49.4 60.7 51.7 55.1 59.4 47.2 44.0 48.3 50.6 58.9 58.9 48.3 47.5 57.2 57.1 44.7 65.2 53.8 55.5 70.8 63.6 59.2

59.8

63.9

55.8

65.8

61.9

64.6

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 225 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 WAGE SHARE - Adjusted

country name Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Republic Moldova, Republic of Russian Federation Serbia Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Argentina Bahamas (The) Barbados Belize Bolivia, Plurinational State of Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Republic United Arab Emirates West Bank & Gaza Yemen

region indicator Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Eastern Europe and Central adjusted Asiawage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Latin America and the Caribbean adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share Middle East adjusted wage share

definition 1995 1996 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP 55.6 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 41.2 in GDP 43.1 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 56.2 in GDP 52.4 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages 43.8 in GDP 40.2 share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP share of wages in GDP

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

57.0

60.3

62.2

60.8

57.4

58.5

59.2 50.9

57.9 49.6

57.1 49.4

56.1 48.1

56.1 52.2

57.2 64.9

58.4 80.8

59.2

57.1

44.5

44.0

52.2

46.5

46.2

43.3

42.3

37.2

35.1

33.9

47.0 33.8

48.5 33.0

53.4 34.6

54.0 34.1

54.0 29.7

51.4

52.8

55.8

55.5

57.8

48.4

47.7

49.4

52.1

55.5

56.8

41.5

42.4

43.3

42.9

45.1

45.1

44.1

41.7

41.3

39.5

38.8

38.7

40.3

38.9

38.2

ILO Global Wage Database 2010 226 8:57 AM 12/2/2013 WAGE SHARE - Adjusted