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# QUANTATIVE ABILITY

DIRECTIONS for questions 1 to 5: Answer the question independently. 1. A dishonest shopkeeper sells sugar at cost price but makes 25% profit by using faulty weights. He decides to give a discount to attract more customers. What percent of discount should he offer to make 12% profit? 1] 15.2% 2. 2] 12.5% 3] 10.4% 4] 13%

N is a natural number having the sum of its digits as 3. If 10 13 < N < 10 14, then how many values can N assume? 1] 93 2] 91 3] 78 4] 105

3.

Two barrels A and C contain alcohol and water in the ratio 1 : a and 1 : c, respectively. Equal quantity of mixtures from barrels A and C are mixed to get a mixture with alcohol and water in the ratio 1 : b, where b is the arithmetic mean of a and c. What can be the value of a + b + c, if a, b and c are integers? 1] 14 2] 10 3] 15 4] 8

4.

Given 2 positive integers, x and y with x < y. Further, it is known that x is a 2 digit number and y is a 3 digit number less than 200. If y is z % greater than x, then z can vary (approximately) any where between: 1] 10 and 1990 3] 1 and 1890 2] 900 and 1880 4] 1 and 900

5.

Ajay plans to host a lunch for his friends at a restaurant. He decides to keep 1 starter and 2 main courses for the lunch. From the menu, he realizes that there are only 15 ways to fulfill his requirement. What can be the total number of dishes available on the menu? 1] 4 2] 5 3] 6 4] 7

6.

## If a is positive and a4 62a2 + 1 = 0, find the value of a3 + 1] 648 2] 392 3] 488

1 a3

4] 512

7.

A six-faced unbiased die is thrown ten times. The results of these ten throws are written side by side, from left to right so as to form a ten-digit number, such that the first four digits form a four digit number which is the greatest four-digit square possible. Similarly, the next three digits, next two digits and the last digit form the greatest possible three-digit, two-digit and one-digit perfect squares respectively. Find the sum of digits of that ten-digit number. 1] 45 2] 46 3] 42 4] Cannot be determined

8.

On a 120 kms racing track, if P and Q start driving in the same direction from the same point and at the same time, then P wins the race by 25 minutes. If they drive towards each other from the opposite ends on the same track starting at the same time, the distances that P and Q cover when they meet are in the ratio 3 : 2. Find the speed of Ps car. 1] 96 kmph 2] 48 kmph 3] 144 kmph 4] 72 kmph

9.

PQR is an isosceles right angled triangle with QPR = 90. Semicircles are drawn with PQ and PR as diameters. Find the ratio of the area of the shaded region to the area of the triangle PQR.

Q
1] 10.
4-p 3

R
p -1 4 p-2 2 2p - 3 4

2]

3]

4]

If the n th term of a series is Tn = n 3 (n 1)2, then find the sum of the first n terms of the series. 1] 3] 3n 4 + 2n 3 + 9n 2 - 2n 12 3n 4 + 3n 3 + 2n 2 - n 18 2] 4] 3n 4 + 4n 3 + 6n 2 - n 12 3n 4 + n 3 + 2n 2 - 6n 16

11.

A task was given to a manager who had 14 members in his team. At any moment of time exactly 10 members worked simultaneously on the task. Since, the manager had to be fair in his work allocation, he allocated the task among the workers in such a way that each member worked on the task for exactly t minutes. If the task was completed in 210 minutes, then find the value of t. (Assume the efficiency of each of the members of the team is the same) 1] 15 2] 150 3] 21 4] 60

DATA INTERPRETATION
DIRECTIONS for questions 12 to 14: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. Given below is the data for the number of Motor Vehicles in 3 countries X, Y and Z as on 31 st December 2001 and 31 st December 2011.
Number of Motor Vehicles As on 31st December 2001 COUNTRY X Y Z Per square mile 108.6 60 54 Per 1000 population 181 240 120 As on 31st December 2011 Per square kilometer 48 25 30 Per 1000 population 208 270 156

1 square mile = 2.6 square kilometers 12. Which of the following countries witnessed a decline in its population during the given period? 1] X 13. 2] Y 3] Both X & Z 4] Both Y & Z

What is the percentage change in the population of Country Z from 31 st December 2001 to 31 st December 2011? 1] 10% 2] 10% 3] 11.11% 4] 11.11%

14.

If the area of Country X is somewhere between 95000-100000 square miles, then its population on 31 st December 2011, could have been somewhere in between: 1] 15-20 million 2] 35-40 million 3] 55-60 million 4] Cannot be determined

17:

Refer to the

data

questions that

of

## Science 28% Arts 46%

Commerce 26%

Also given below is a table indicating the female students across the various streams

percentage break up

of

male

students

and

## Male 50% 20% 30%

Female 2a% b% a%

In the above table, a, b are positive real numbers and 2a is the product of 2 and a. 15. For the commerce stream,what is the ratio of the number of male students to female ? 1] 9 : 4 16. 2] 2 : 1 3] 5 : 3 students

4] Cannot be determined

What is the difference between the number of female students studying Arts and female students studying Science ? 1] 144 2] 216 3] 288 4] None of these

17.

What is the percentage of female students in Thakur College? 1] 60% 2] 40% 3] 50%
4

4] Cannot be determined

DIRECTIONS for questions 18 to 20: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

An Indian car manufacturing company Wheelz gets its spare parts from different vendors in different countries. The above table gives the prices of these parts in each country, in terms of the currency of that country. Apart from the cost of spare parts, an additional cost of INR 20,000 is required to produce each car. There is no other additional cost involved in manufacturing a car. In the table given below the Exchange rates of different currencies against the US dollar are given.

18.

If Wheelz wants to manufacture a car at the least cost then what would be the expenditure in INR? 1] Rs. 132700 2] Rs. 144200 3] Rs. 131600 4] Rs. 142500

19.

If Wheelz wants to buy all its spare parts from one country, then from which country should it buy the parts so that the cost is minimum? 1] India 2] China 3] Canada 4] USA

20.

Wheelz sets up a new plant in the UK. It considers buying all spare parts either from China or from the UK itself. What will be the difference in cost (in pounds) in the two cases? 1] 50 2] 500 3] 250 4] 25

DIRECTIONS for questions 21 to 23: Answer the questions on the basis of the table given below. The table gives the sales figures of a fruit vendor for three consecutive days.

Some more information is available about the total sales on three days, which is as follows: 1. The number of Apples sold is half the number of Bananas sold. 2. The number of Oranges sold is 15 more than the number of Papayas sold. 3. The number of Chikus sold is equal to the number of Jackfruits sold. 4. The difference in the number of Oranges and Apples sold is one-third the difference in the number of Strawberries and Blackberries sold. 21. Over the three days, how much did the fruit vendor earn on an average by selling one Papaya? 1] Rs.14 22. 2] Rs.15 3] Rs.12 4] Rs.10

At what average selling price is one Apple sold over the three given days? 1] Rs.31.2 2] Rs.32.1 3] Rs.33.6 4] Rs.34.7

23.

Find the selling price of each Jackfruit on Tuesday. 1] Rs.30 2] Rs.35 3] Rs.40 4] Rs.45

LOGICAL REASONING
DIRECTIONS for questions 24 to 26: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. 3 balls coloured Yellow, Green and Red are to be each put in one of the three boxes numbered 1, 2 and 3 (not necessarily in the same order). 3 friends John, Jani and Janardhan make 2 statements about the arrangement of the balls in the boxes, one of which is true and the other is false. Their statements are as follows: John: The Yellow Ball is not in Box 2. The Red ball is in Box 1 Jani: The Yellow Ball is not in Box 3. The Green ball is in Box 2 Janardhan: The Green ball is in Box 3. The Red ball is not in Box 1 24. Box 1 contains the: 1] Red Ball 3] Green Ball 25. The Yellow Ball is in: 1] Box 1 3] Box 3 26. 2] Box 2 4] Either Box 2 or Box 3 2] Yellow Ball 4] Cannot be determined

If we ignore the second statement made by Jani and consider the first statement made by him to be true, then how many possible arrangements can we have following the remaining conditions? 1] 3 2] 4 3] 5 4] None of these

DIRECTIONS for questions 27 to 29: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. Mr. Swamy, a Professor of an MBA school Laurels is an expert at creating puzzles. On the induction day for the first year MBA students of the academic year 2012 he asked his students to guess his date of birth in the form(dd-mm-yy), where yy represent the last two digits of the year in which he was born. He put the following conditions before them. 1) In 2012, his age is more than 46 years but less than 49 years. 2) Three of the digits in his date of birth are consecutive odd numbers. 3) There is exactly one natural number of the form (x 2-1) in his date of birth (where x is a single digit odd number). 4) There is exactly one two digit prime number (taken either as dd or mm or yy) in his date of birth. Now on the basis of the above information answer the following questions. 27. Which is the month in which Mr. Swamy was born? 1] November 2] July 3] August
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4] Cannot be determined

28.

29.

## On which date (dd) was Mr. Swamy born? 1] 21 2] 11 3] 13 4] Cannot be determined

DIRECTIONS for questions 30 to 32: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow A group of 7 people Salman,Shahrukh,Aamir,Ranbir,Imran ,Shahid and Akshay are to be arranged in a row of 7 chairs (not necessarily in the same order), such that 2 adjacent chairs are facing opposite directions but not facing each other .Given below are some of the conditions to be followed for the seating arrangement 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 30. Akshay sits in a chair whose direction is opposite to that of Imran None of Salman ,Shahrukh or Aamir can sit adjacent to each other Ranbir and Shahid are best friends, so they always sit together Imran has 4 people sitting to his right Aamir is sitting 2 positions to the right of Ranbir Which of the following can never occupy adjacent chairs ? 2] Ranbir & Salman 4] Aamir & Imran Imran, then who is 2 places to the left of Akshay? 2] Aamir 4] Either Aamir or Shahrukh

1] Akshay & Imran 3] Shahrukh & Shahid 31. If Ranbir is 3 places to the right of 1] Salman 3] Either Shahrukh or Salman 32.

If Akshay is 3 places to the left of Shahid, then who can occupy the corner positions (in any order)? 1] Salman and Aamir 3] Shahrukh and Aamir 2] Shahrukh and Salman 4] None of these

DIRECTIONS for questions 33 and 34: Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow Ajay takes part in a pistol shooting competition.There are four different coloured targets (red,yellow,green,blue) in front of him.He can take a maximum of 10 shots at the target. He gets 10,9,8 and 7 points for hitting the red,yellow,green and blue coloured targets respectively.For every red coloured target that Ajay hits,he has to hit atleast two or more blue coloured targets and for every yellow coloured target that he hits he has to hit atleast two or more green coloured targets. Answer the questions on the basis of the above information. 33. If the aim of the Ajay is to maximize his points by hitting the targets, then what is the number of green colured targets that he should hit ? 1] 4 34. 2] 3 3] 6 4] None of these

If Ajay should hit each of the red, yellow, green and blue coloured targets atleast once, then what is the maximum number of points that he can earn ? 1] 84 2] 81 3] 82 4] 83

VERBAL ABILITY
DIRECTIONS for question 35: In the following questions, there are sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option. 35. A. Wren was standing just outside the High Council doors, staring absently at patches of bright, star-filled sky B. and thought that she could barely remember her life before the beginning of her quest, when Gavilan came up to her. C. The others had already gone, all but Garth, who lounged against a tree some distance over, looking out at the city. D. Earlier, Wren had searched for Eowen, hoping to speak with her, but she has disappeared. E. Now she turned as Gavilan approached, thinking of speaking with him instead, of asking him the questions she was still anxious to have answered. 1] A & C 2] A & E 3] B & E 4] C & D

DIRECTIONS for question 36: In the following questions, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate. 36. HEART 1] She used to wear her heart on her sleeve when she was younger, but life taught her to be more reserved. 2] He met his heart of hearts when he was just a teenager, and they have been together ever since. 3] He had his heart set on becoming a musician, so he was miserable when his parents forced him to study engineering instead. 4] Though our father was always strict and stern, we knew his heart was in the right place.

DIRECTIONS for question 37: In each question, there are four sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words that are italicized and highlighted. From the italicized and highlighted words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words that may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate ones. 37. The lower classes were not powerful enough to come out from under the yolk (A) / yoke (B) of oppression. The servant returned after a long time, abased (A) / abashed (B) that he had been unable to find his master and convey the message to him. The defendant is liable (A) / libel (B) to be found guilty, unless he can produce some evidence that he did not threaten the victim. Electromagnetic signals tend to attenuate (A) / accentuate (B) over a distance, so over the large interstellar distances, much information is lost. 1] BBAA 2] BBAB 3] ABAB 4] AABB

DIRECTIONS for question 38: Each question has four sentences pertaining to a subject, which may or may not be in sequence. One of the sentences is contextually/logically incorrect. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence that is incorrect or inappropriate. 38. 1] Many alchemists believed that all matter was a mixture of four elementary substances: water, air, earth and fire. 2] The transmutation of the elements was pursued in medieval laboratories in a quest called alchemy. 3] The defining objectives of alchemy included the creation of the fabled philosophers stone, which among other things, could create an elixir of life conferring youth and longevity. 4] By altering the relative proportions of earth and fire, say, you would be able, they thought, to change copper into gold.

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DIRECTIONS for question 39: The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences, from among the given choices, to construct a coherent paragraph. 39. A. These creation myths insist on a continuum, or at least a negotiable boundary, between animate and inanimate matter. B. That is usually regarded as the work of the gods. C. Many creation myths insist that the first people were fashioned from clay, mud, dirt: primal matter given a life-soul by supernatural means. D. Who made humans? E. That continuity is also demanded by any purely scientific theory of lifes origins on earth, but in myth this usually takes the form of a kind of animism in which life is immanent in all matter. F. The Egyptian god Khnum made humankind this way from the clay of the Nile basin; the goddess Nuwa formed the Chinese people from yellow earth; in the Book of Genesis, the Judaeo-Christian god created man of the dust of the ground. 1] CFADBE 2] DFCAEB 3] CAEDBF 4] DBCFAE DIRECTIONS for question 40: Each question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the sentence that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. 40. Our embrace of the idea that computer databases provide an effective and even superior substitute for personal memory is not particularly surprising. It culminates a century-long shift in the popular view of the mind. As the machines we use to store data have become more voluminous, flexible and responsive, weve grown accustomed to the blurring of artificial and biological memory. But its an extraordinary development nonetheless. The notion that memory can be outsourced to machines would have been unthinkable at any earlier moment in our history. For the Ancient Greeks, memory was a goddess: Mnemosyne, mother of the Muses. To Augustine, it was a vast and infinite profundity, a reflection of the power of God in man. Now, his words seem old-fashioned. Not only has memory lost its divinity, its well on its way to losing its humanness. 1] 2] 3] 4] Now memory is outsourced to machines. God is no longer in the machine. Mnemosyne has become a machine. Mnemosyne is irrelevant in the information age.

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DIRECTIONS for questions 41 to 44: The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question. Two of the four main physical forces are familiar ones: electromagnetism and gravity. Even though it is the most obvious force we experience in everyday life, gravity is by far the weakest of the four. The reason why it is so important to us is that our weight is caused by the pull of the entire Earth, almost six million billion billion kilograms of matter (6 10 24 kg), acting together. It takes the gravitational pull of all that mass put together to hold us down on the surface of the Earth with the weight we feel. This can be put in perspective by comparing the strength of gravity with the strength of the electromagnetic force, or with one aspect of electromagnetism: the electric force. The electric force of repulsion between two protons is 10 36 times stronger than the strength of the gravitational attraction between the same two protons the same distance apart. On the nuclear and atomic scales, gravity is utterly insignificant, and molecules are held together by electric forces without any complications caused by the gravitational interactions between atoms. These electric forces can, of course, produce attraction, not just repulsion, which is what holds electrons and nuclei together in atoms, and holds atoms together to make molecules. On the surface of the Earth, there is constant competition between electric forces holding things together and gravitational forces tending to break things apart. Because of this smaller bodies can survive more easily if they suffer a fall. But a large animal is likely to suffer broken limbs even by falling over, let alone in a fall from a tree or over a cliff. We humans are close to the limit of how big an active animal can be and survive on Earth. In order to be much larger than a human being, you have to be sturdy and ponderous, like an elephant, or live in the sea, like a whale, where the water offers support. Roughly speaking, the rule of thumb is that the volume of a body (and therefore its mass) is proportional to the cube of its linear size (its height), but the strength of its bones is only proportional to its cross-section, which depends on the square of the linear size. Since mass is proportional to volume, and the force of gravity pulling on a body (its weight) is proportional to its mass, as bodies get bigger the forces operating when they fall increase more than the ability of their bones to withstand a fall. This puts the seemingly incredible weakness of gravity in a different perspective. Suppose gravity were a million times stronger (which would still leave it 10 30 times weaker than the electric force). This would not be enough to affect atomic and molecular processes, so everything on the scale of atoms and molecules in particular, chemistry would operate the way it does in our Universe. But because of the volume rule, anything living on the surface of a planet in such a Universe would also have to be very small, in order not to break apart when it fell over. There could not be anything as large as us, and nothing with the same sort of complexity as us. Most important of all, in this high-gravity universe, the stars would live for only about 10 thousand years before they had used up all their fuel, instead of living for about 10 billion years, as stars like the Sun do in our Universe. Since the chemistry in such a universe would be no different from that in our Universe, there would be no time for evolution even to begin. Gravity has to be as weak as it is for us to exist. A truly cosmic coincidence!

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41.

What is the main point of this passage? 1] 2] 3] 4] Gravity is far weaker than the other physical forces like electromagnetism. Its a cosmic coincidence that gravity is as weak as it is. Gravity has to be as weak as it is in order for life to exist. If gravity hadnt been as weak as it is, humans would never have evolved.

42.

Would an elephant have an advantage over a human being in a universe in which gravity was a million times stronger than in ours? 1] 2] 3] 4] Yes, as it would be better able to withstand a fall, because it is sturdy and massive. Yes, as its bones would be proportionally stronger in comparison to its mass. No, as it would be too heavy to survive for long. No, as neither would be likely to evolve in the first place.

43.

Which of the following is true about the electric force, as per this passage? I. The electric force is the strongest of the four main physical forces. II. The electric force of repulsion between two protons is 10 36 times stronger than the strength of the attraction between the same two protons. III. Atoms and molecules are held together by the forces of electric attraction. 1] Only II 2] Only III 3] I and II 4] I and III

44.

This passage describes a hypothetical high-gravity universe. Which of the following is likely to be true, as per the information given in the passage, in a hypothetical universe in which gravity is a million times weaker than it actually is? 1] Chemistry would work very differently from that in our Universe. 2] More animals would evolve to be as large as or even larger than whales. 3] Stars and planets would never form, as gravity would not be strong enough to pull enough material together. 4] None of the above.

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