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Form SS1

SPEED (km/h)
VEHICLE CLASS

TIME
1 (motor)

2 (car)

3 (van)

4 (truck)

76

120

128

134

97

126

77

144

84

67

54

52

5.30

83

151

132

66

156

140

130

89

98

34

39

57

99

80

110

158

140

137

130

80

91

34

61

53

5.45

160

106

96

140

140

126

48

90

60

39

35

43

136

127

78

153

105

140

80

113

63

45

59

32

103

131

138

140

84

126

83

64

53

45

39

42

5.45

127

103

145

97

105

140

63

140

45

56

51

35

131

137

131

115

126

84

74

42

63

51

41

50

6.00

160

147

151

158

84

158

66

67

62

36

37

50

84

90

160

115

126

158

104

63

74

69

45

40

37

40

56

105

84

84

69

61

79

59

33

41

6.00

49

49

74

74

66

66

95

96

85

34

38

35

58

63

60

70

105

97

63

137

81

36

42

47

6.15

97

88

58

105

140

158

91

148

62

44

33

34

50

63

64

140

90

60

62

77

103

47

61

33

64

63

62

90

105

84

67

80

95

48

34

33

6.15

43

56

44

140

126

66

119

88

86

60

34

32

90

53

78

105

55

90

117

147

111

36

40

34

6.30

67

60

56

115

126

79

81

89

66

40

39

50

84

36

76

97

105

115

46

129

110

56

45

37

DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS

TIME (sec)
VEHICLE CLASS

TIME
1 (motor)

2 (car)

3 (van)

4 (truck)

1.66

1.05

0.53

0.50

1.30

1.00

1.64

0.77

1.50

1.88

2.34

2.42

5.30

1.52

0.83

0.78

1.90

0.80

0.70

0.77

0.92

1.29

3.61

3.19

2.23

1.27

1.56

1.14

0.80

0.80

0.70

0.77

1.57

1.39

3.69

2.08

2.40

5.45

0.79

1.18

1.31

0.70

0.70

1.00

2.60

1.40

2.10

3.22

3.58

2.95

0.92

0.53

0.73

0.70

1.20

0.70

1.58

1.12

2.00

2.81

2.13

3.89

1.22

0.96

0.91

0.70

1.50

1.00

1.51

1.96

2.38

2.81

3.25

2.97

5.45

0.71

1.22

0.87

1.30

1.20

0.70

1.99

0.90

2.75

2.27

2.48

3.61

0.96

0.92

0.96

1.10

1.00

1.50

1.70

2.99

2.00

2.49

3.10

2.54

6.00

0.79

0.66

0.83

0.80

1.50

0.80

1.92

1.88

2.04

3.54

3.39

2.51

1.50

1.40

0.74

1.10

1.00

0.60

1.21

2.00

1.70

1.82

2.79

3.12

3.40

3.12

2.26

1.20

1.50

1.50

1.83

2.06

1.59

2.13

3.85

3.10

6.00

2.56

2.56

2.61

1.70

1.90

1.40

1.32

1.31

1.49

3.67

3.33

3.60

2.17

1.99

2.13

1.80

1.20

1.30

2.01

0.72

1.56

3.51

3.00

2.69

6.15

1.30

1.44

2.17

1.20

0.90

0.80

1.39

0.85

2.04

2.88

3.84

3.67

2.51

2.01

1.96

0.90

1.40

2.10

2.03

1.63

1.22

2.68

2.08

3.85

1.96

2.00

2.04

1.40

0.90

1.50

1.89

1.57

1.32

2.61

3.76

3.84

6.15

2.92

2.31

2.86

0.90

1.00

1.90

1.06

1.43

1.47

2.10

3.73

3.89

1.40

2.39

1.61

1.20

2.30

1.40

1.08

0.86

1.14

3.48

3.13

3.73

6.30

1.87

4.09

2.26

1.10

1.00

1.60

1.56

1.41

1.91

3.14

3.20

2.54

1.49

3.49

1.66

1.30

1.20

1.10

2.71

0.98

1.15

2.27

4.80

3.44

1. CLASS 1 (Motorcycles)
Mean speed : 91 km/h
Maximum speed : 160 km/h
Minimum speed : 37 km/h
2. CLASS 2 (Cars)
Mean speed : 112 km/h
Maximum speed : 158 km/h
Minimum speed : 60 km/h
3. CLASS 3 (Vans)
Mean speed : 86 km/h
Maximum speed : 148 km/h
Minimum speed : 42 km/h
4. CLASS 4 ( Trucks and Buses)
Mean speed : 44 km/h
Maximum speed : 69 km/h
Minimum speed : 32 km/h

Determine the following speed characteristics :


a) Mean speed
= 84.3 km/h
b) Median speed
70.5 + [

] x 75 = 77.3 km/h

c) Mode speed
59.5 + [

] x 65 = 81.2 km/h

d) 85-th Percentile speed


= 141 km/h
e) Standard deviation

= 37.4

f) Pace
= 60 km/h 70 km/h

CALCULATION
TO CONCLUDE, THE MEDIAN SPEED OF THE DATA IS 77.3 KM/H WHILE THE MEAN SPEED OF
THE DATA IS 84.3 KM/H, MODE SPEED IS 81.2 KM/H AND THE STANDARD DEVIATION IS
37.4. BESIDE THAT, THE 85TH PERCENTILE IS 141 KM/H AND THE PACE IS 60 KM/H TO 70
KM/H. THE OBJECTIVE OF THE EXPERIMENTS IS ACHIEVE.

INTRODUCTION:
SPEED IS THE RATE OF MOVEMENT OF A VEHICLE, GENERALLY EXPRESSED IN KILOMETERS PER
HOUR.
A SPOT SPEED STUDY IS A STUDY OF TRAFFIC SPEED AT ONE POINT OR SPOT ON A TRAFFIC WAY.IT
CONSIST OF A SERIES OR A SAMPLE, OF OBSERVATIONS OF THE INDIVIDUAL SPEEDS AT WHICH
VEHICLES ARE APPROACHING AN INTERSECTION OR PASSING A POINT AT A NON-INTERSECTION
LOCATION. THESE OBSERVATIONS ARE USED TO ESTIMATE THE SPEED DISTRIBUTION OF THE ENTIRE
TRAFFIC STREAM AT THAT LOCATION, UNDER THE CONDITIONS PREVAILING AT THE TIME OF THE
STUDY .
SPOT SPEED STUDIES CAN BE USED TO STUDY SPEEDS AT PROBLEM LOCATIONS IN ORDER TO
DETERMINE WHETHER SPEEDS ARE TOO HIGH AND IF COMPLAINTS RECEIVED ARE JUSTIFIED, FOR
ACCIDENTS ANALYSIS IN ORDER TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP OF SPEED TO ACCIDENTS
WHICH MAY HELP IN DEVELOPING CORRECTIVE MEASURES, AND FOR BEFORE AND AFTER STUDIES
IN ORDER TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF SOME CHANGE IN CONTROLS OR CONDITIONS.
IN RELATION WITH THIS STUDY, THERE HAS BEEN SEVERAL COMPLAINTS OF VEHICLES SPEEDING
ALONG THE UTHM-FUJITSU SECTION OF ROAD. THIS POSES A DANGER TO MOTORISTS, PEDESTRIANS
AND CYCLISTS AS THERE IS A LOT OF ACTIVITY IN THE AREA. FURTHERMORE, THERE IS PLENTY OF
RIGHT-TURNING MOVEMENTS ALONG THIS STRETCH OF ROAD, WITH NO STORAGE LANES
PROVIDED FOR RIGHT-TURNERS. THIS IS DANGEROUS BECAUSE THE RIGHT-TURNERS STOP ON THE
FAST LANE AND HAVE NO PROTECTION.

OBJECTIVE:
THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY ARE:
a) TO DETERMINE THE SPEED CHARACTERISTICS OF TRAFFIC AT THE LOCATION.
b) TO JUSTIFY THE PROBLEM OF SPEEDING AT THE LOCATION.

APPARATUS:
1)
2)
3)
4)

RADAR GUN
FORMS SS1 AND SS2
GRAPH PAPER (3 NOS)
SAFETY VEST

PROCEDURE:
1) IDENTIFY THE SPOT AT WHICH THE SPEED DATA WILL BE COLLECTED.
2) USE THE RADAR GUN TO MEASURE THE SPEED OF VEHICLES ACCORDING TO THEIR
RESPECTIVE VEHICLE CLASS CLASS 1(MOTORCYCLE), CLASS 2(CARS), CLASS 3(VANS AND
MEDIUM TRUCKS), AND CLASS 4(LARGE TRUCKS AND BUSES).
(MAKE SURE THAT THE OPERATOR OF THE RADAR GUN IS NOT SEEN BY THE MOTORISTS)
3) RECORD ALL SPEED MEASUREMENTS IN FORMS SS1.
4) BASED ON FORMS SS1, DETERMINES THE MEAN, MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM SPEED OF
VEHICLES ACCORDING TO THEIR CLASS. COMMENTS ON YOUR FINDINGS.
5) TRANSFER THE DATA IN FORM SS1 AND FORM SS2.
6) PLOT THE FOLLOWING:
FRECUENCY HISTOGRAM (PERCENTAGE OF VEHICLES VS. SPEED)
FRECUENCY DISTRIBUTION CURVE (PERCENTAGE OF VEHICLES VS. SPEED)
CUMULATIVE FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION CURVE (CUMULATIVE PERCENTAGES VS
SPEED)
7) DETERMINE THE FOLLOWING SPEED CHARACTERISTICS:
a) MEAN SPEED
b) MEDIAN SPEED
c) MODE SPEED
d) 85-TH PERCENTILE SPEED
e) STANDARD DEVIATION
f) PACE
8) COMMENT ON YOUR FINDINGS.
9) DOES YOUR FINDINGS JUSTIFY THE PROBLEM OF SPEEDING AT THE LOCATION? IF IT DOES,
WHAT ARE YOUR RECOMMENDATIONS?

DISCUSSION
BASED ON THE RESULT, THE OBJECTIVE OF TE EXPERIMENT IS ACHEVE.
CAUSE AND ERROR DURING TEST:

WHEN TAKE THE TIME OF THE VEHICLE BETWEEN THE POLE, MAYBE THERE ARE SOME
ERROR.

CALCULATION
TO CONCLUDE, THE MEDIAN SPEED OF THE DATA IS 128.2 KM/H WHILE THE MEAN SPEED OF THE
DATA IS 115.4, MODE SPEED IS 57.4 AND THE STANDARD DEVIATION IS 28.36. BESIDE THAT, THE
85TH PERCENTILE IS 136 KM/H AND THE PACE IS 118/H TO 128 KM/H. THE OBJECTIVE OF THE
EXPERIMENTS IS ACHIEVE.

APPENDIX

Form SS2

Speed
Class
(km/h)

Class
Midvalue,
x
(km/h)

Class
Frequency,
f

Fx

Percenntage
in Class

Cumulative
Percentage

30-39
40-49
50-59
60-69
70-79
80-89
90-99
100-109
110-119
120-129
130-139
140-149
150-159
160-169

35
45
55
65
75
85
95
105
115
125
135
145
155
165
TOTAL

28
25
23
33
13
23
19
13
10
12
13
16
9
3
240

980
1125
1265
2145
975
1955
1805
1365
1150
1500
1755
2320
1395
495
20230

4.8 %
5.6 %
6.3 %
10.6 %
4.8 %
9.7 %
9.0 %
6.7 %
5.7 %
7.4 %
8.7 %
11.4 %
6.9 %
2.4 %
100.0 %

4.8 %
10.4 %
16.7 %
27.3 %
32.1 %
41.8 %
50.8 %
57.5 %
63.2 %
70.6 %
79.3 %
90.7 %
97.6 %
100.0 %