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Question 4 Iron wire actually contains iron mixed with copper metal.

To determine the percentage of iron in the iron wire, a student dissolved the iron from the iron wire in sulfuric acid. Copper will not dissolved in dilute sulphuric acid. A student determined the percentage of iron in the iron wire by titration with 0.020 mol/dm3 potassium manganate(VII), KMnO4,in a burrete. The solution of potassium manganate(VII)which is purple. (a) A piece of iron wire was added to a previously weighed container which was then reweighed. Mass of container + iron wire = 7.39 g Mass of container = 5.74 g Calculate the mass of iron wire used in the experiment.

..................................... g

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The iron wire was placed in a conical flask as shown below. Sufficient dilute sulfuric acid was added to react completely with the iron wire. Bubbles of colorless gas was observed. The flask was warmed to convert the iron into iron(II) ions, Fe2+. Equal amount of sulfuric acid was added added to ensure all iron dissolves in the solution. The valve allows the gas to escape but does not allow air into the flask. (b)

(a) (i) Using your knowledge of Redox chemistry, explain w hy was it necessary to prevent air entering the apparatus.

. . (ii) Deduce the identity of the gas produced in the reaction. . (iii) Describe the test to deduce the identity of the gas. Give the correct observation. . . . !" When all the iron had reacted, the solution was cooled and made up to 250 cm3 with dilute sulphuric acid in a graduated flask. This was solution P. A 25.0 cm3 sample of this solution P was transferred from a pipette into a titration flask and titrated with 0.020 moldm-3 potassium manganate(VII) from the burette until endpoint. Two titrations were done. Parts of the burette with the liquid levels before and after each titration are shown below:

(c) Use the diagrams to complete the results table.

Calculate the average volume of potassium manganate(VII) that was required to react with 25.0 cm3 solution P. (d) What colour change showed that the end point had been reached? The colour changed from ....................................... to .................................................[1] (e) Calculate how many moles were present in the average volume of 0.020 moldm-3 KMnO4 solution.

...................................mol KMnO4 (f) #rom a $alanced e%uation, & moles of Fe 2+ reacted completely with 1 mole of KMnO4. Calculate how many moles of Fe 2+ were present in 25.0 cm3 of solution P.

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...................................mol Fe 2+ (g) Calculate how many moles of Fe 2+ were in 250 cm3 of solution P.

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...................................mol Fe 2+

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(h) ' mole of #e forms ' mole of Fe 2+, calculate the mass of iron in 250 cm3 of the solution P.

................................... gram of iron that dissolved in 250 cm3 of the solution P

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(i) Using your answers to (a) and (h), calculate then the percentage of iron in the iron wire.

% iron in the wire =.......................

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