V o l : ( 2 ) , N o .

(83)

3 , 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)
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3 , 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

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Vol : (2 ) No . ( 83)

3 . 12 . 2013 (Tuesday)

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pmrsufESm(2)odkY

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 83 )
armifaA'gwpfa,muf udk,fhudk,fudk,fawmh ae&mwum odvSNyD
v,fvNS yDxifaewm wynfah usmf armifz;kd qef;,lvmwJh uwfwavmuf
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oufOD;Ekdif(jr0wD)

2

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V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 83
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jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;0if;jrifhESifh Citymart Holding Co., Ltd rS Managing Director a':0if;0if;wifhwdkYu zJBudK;jzwfzGifhvSpfay;cJhNyD;aemuf
jynf axmifpk0efBuD;tzGJUESifh tcrf;tem;wufa&mufvmolrsm;u Pride
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6

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9

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)

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3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

10

owif;^umwGef;

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)

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Or®mcif(rauG;)

3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

11

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)

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3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

12

owif;^umwGef;

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3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

13

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rsufESmokwfyk0g? tdyf&mcif;? vufudkifyk0g? acgif;tHk;pGyf? odk;arG;apmif?
ajcñ§yfzdeyf? arGU&m? acgif;tHk;ponfwdkYxkwfay;ygonf/ tpm;tpmESifh
ywfoufNyD; aeYrGef;rvGJrDtwGif;ESpfBudrf pm;oHk;cGifhjyKNyD; xdkYaemuftcsdef
rsm;wGipf m;oH;k cGirhf jyKyg/
atESifhbDtwef;tpm; jrefrmtusOf;om;rsm;onf ]armif}? ]r}
wyfítac:cH&onf/ tjcm;Edik if o
H m;rsm;udv
k nf; ¤if;wd\
Yk enf;pepftwdik ;f
tav;xm;íac:&onf/ csKyfaESmifrI? jypf'Pfay;jcif;? Budrf'Pf½dkufjcif;
ponfwdkYwGifvnf; pDtwef;tpm;tusOf;om;rsm;ESifh rwlbJomreftm;
jzif¤h if;wdt
Yk wGuaf vsmhayghrEI iS hf uif;vGwrf rI sm;&Syd gonf/ od&Yk mwGiOf a&my
EG,frsm;ESifh t*Fvdyfujym;rsm;onf jrefrm? tdE´d,paomtusOf;om;
rsm;xuftcGifhta&;ydkrdk&ygonf/ &du©mtr,fEIef;xm;rsm;wGif ¤if;wdkYu
tcsdet
f wG,yf rmP yd&k ygonf/ trJom;ud¤k if;wdu
Yk wpfaygifEeI ;f om&&Sd
NyD; jrefrm? tdE´d,tusOf;om;rsm;u av;atmifpEIef;om&&Sdygonf/
tvm;wl tcsdKU&du©mtr,frsm;wGifvnf; ¤if;wdkYuydkrdk&&SdNyD; aygifrkefYESifh
axmywfrmS ¤if;wdo
Yk m&&Syd gonf/
tusOf;om;twef;tpm; cGJjcm;rIzsufodrf;jcif;
(1962)ckESpf? rwfv (2)&ufwGif AdkvfcsKyfBuD;ae0if;OD;aqmifNyD;
tzGUJ 0if(17)OD;jzifh jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if aH wmfveS af &;aumifpu
D zkd UJG pnf; vsuf
EdkifiHawmftmPmudk &,lxdef;odrf;cJhygonf/ awmfvSefa&;aumifpDonf
tusOf;OD;pD;XmeESifh ywfoufítaxGaxGvGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifh trdefY
xkwfjyefjcif;? tusOf;axmifajcmufcktopfzGifhvSpfjcif;? tusOf;om;rsm;
\vkyftm;udk jynfolUtusdK;jyKvkyfief;rsm;wGif toHk;jyKapjcif;? tvkyf
pcef;rsm;zGiv
hf pS jf cif;? &Jbuf[al omtrnfjzifh tvkyo
f rm;wyfr[mzJUG pnf;
jcif;? &efukefaxmifzsufodrf;jcif;? pHjytusOf;axmifpepfzsufodrf;jcif;?

tusOf;axmifBuD;Muyfa&;aumfrwD
jyefvnfzGJUpnf;jcif;? w&m;a&;0ef
BuD;XmeatmufwiG &f adS omtusO;f OD;
pD;Xmeudk jynfxaJ &;ESio
hf moema&;
0efBuD;XmevufatmufodkYvTJajymif;ay;
jcif;? vli,foifwef;ausmif;udk vlrI0efxrf;
0ef;BuD;XmeatmufodkY ajymif;ay;jcif;ponfh jyKjyifajymif;vJ
rIrsm;aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ nf/ jyKjyifajymif;vJrrI sm;wGif tusO;f om;
twef;tpm;cGjJ cm;rIpepfukd zsuo
f rd ;f jcif;vnf;yg0ifcyhJ gonf/
(1962)ckEpS ?f {NyD (22)&ufwiG Af [dv
k NkH cHKa&;ESihf tkycf sKyfraI umf
rwDEpS yf wfvnfnv
D mcHusif;ycJo
h nf/ ¤if;nDvmcHwiG f awmf
vSeaf &;aumifpOD uú|Adv
k cf sKyfBuD;ae0if;u tusOf;om;rsm;ESihf
ywfoufí ]aemufus&ifaxmifrmS bDuvyfrxm;bl; axmifxJ
rSmoGm;NyD;Zdref aYJ evd&Yk r,frxife?YJ 'Dawmhjywfjywfom;om; vkyMf u
yg}[kajymMum;cJhygonf/ xdkYaMumifhtusOf;axmifvufpGJOya'tcef; (7)
pmyd'k f (665)rS (675)txdwiG yf g&Sad om tusO;f om;twef;tpm; cGjJ cm;onfh
pepfukd y,fzsufítvkyv
f yk &f aom pDtwef;tpm;wGif tusOf;om;wdik ;f
tm; wef;wlxm;&S&d efw&m;a&;0efBuD;XmerS (xdt
k csdeu
f tusOf; OD;pD;Xme
onf w&m;a&;0efBuD;XmeatmufwiG f &Syd gonf/) (1964)ckEpS f Zefe0g&Dv
(14)&ufaeYpGJygtrdefYaMumfjimpm trSwf (2)jzifhtrdefYxkwfjyefcJhonf/ ¤if;
trdex
Yf w
k jf yefNy;D aemuf tusO;f om;twef;tpm;cGjJ cm;rIr&Sd awmhbt
J usO;f
om;tm;vHk; tvkyfvkyfMu&ygonf/
twef;tpm;cGJjcm;rIrsm; zsufodrf;jcif;aMumifh jzpfay:awGUBuHKvm
&aomjyóem tcuftcJrsm;
tusOf;om;twef;tpm; zsufodrf;vdkufjcif;aMumifh tusOf;axmif
twGif;ü&SdaomtusOf;om;rsm;onf wpfrsKd;wpfpm;wnf;omjzpfoGm;yg
onf/ tusOf;om;tm;vHk;udk ,cifpDtweftpm; tusOf;om;\tqifh
twef;twdik ;f xm;&Sad omfvnf; ¤if;onfpt
D wef;tpm;tusOf;om;vnf;
r[kwfawmhyg/ omreftusOf;om;jzpfoGm;NyD;[kvnf; ajymír&yg/ ½dk;½dk;
tusOf;om;[kvnf; ajymír&yg/ omrefwdkY? ½dk;½dk;wdkYajymaevQif txl;
tusOf;;om;wkdY? oD;oefYtusOf;om;wdkY pyg&S,ftusOf;om;wdkY &SdaeygOD;
rnf/ Oya'wGirf &Sad omaMumifh þodq
Yk í
kd vnf;r&yg/ xdaYk Mumifh axmifus
tusOf;om;onf axmifustusOf;om;omjzpfygawmhonf/ atawG?
bDawG? pDawGr&Sd/ omrefawG? ½dk;½dk;awG? oD;oefYawG? txl;awGr&Sdyg/
odjYk zifh *kPo
f a&&S&d dS r&S&d ?dS ynmwwfwwf rwwfw?f pm&dwaÅ umif;aumif;?
raumif;aumif; ? tqift
h wef;&S&d rdS &S&d dS tusO;f om;onf tusO;f om;om
jzpfawmhonf/ þtajctaewGif tcuftcJEiS jhf yóemrsm; ay:aygufvmyg
awmhonf/ t"dutm;jzifh tusOf;axmiftkyfcsKyfrItydkif;wGif xdcdkufrI
rsm;jym;NyD; 0efxrf;rsm;\ wm0efxrf;aqmifrt
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BuHKojzifh nbufu,
kd w
f ikd u
f m;armif;í xGu&f onf/ vrf;ay:wGif trl;
orm;rsm;ESiahf wGUqHk ,mOfwu
kd rf jI zpfNyD; vlaoojzifh axmifusvmygonf/
xdak usmif;q&mBuD;udk olc;kd ? Murf;yd;k ? cg;ydu
k Ef u
Id ?f vlowf? rk'rd ;f ponfh

3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

14

aqmif;yg;
,aeY uRefawmftouf (48)ESpw
f if;wif;jynfo
h nf/ arG;aeYqadk wmh
vnf; yxrqk;H pOf;pm;rdonfrmS rdbrsm;jzpfNy;D ? q&morm;tcsKd U taMumif;
vnf;ygonf/ olwdkY\ arwåmESifhoGefoifqkH;rrIrsm;onf q,fpkESpf ig;pk
eD;yg;a&muf&Sdvmaom uRefawmfhtwGuf taumif;qkH;a&SUaqmifvrf;jyrI
rsm;jzpfcMhJ uygonf/
uReaf wmf (7)ESpo
f m;t&G,cf efu
Y ajcjrefwyfrwpfcw
k iG f enf;AsL[m
rSL;wm0efxrf;aqmifaecsdef jzpfonf/ xdpk Ofu anmifav;yif? jzL;tp&Sd
aom NrdKUBuD;rsm;rSm tazwdkY a&SUwef;ppfqifa&;½kH;pdkuf&m ae&mawG
jzpfonf/ yJc;l ½k;d ray:ü AuywdYk tm;aumif;armif;oef vIy&f mS ;aecsed f
jzpfí ,if;NrdKUrsm;odkYoGm;vdkvQifyif wyfrawmf? ppf,mOfwef;
tBuHKrsm;jzifh oGm;Mu&onf/ wpfcgwpf&H ppfqifa&;rsm;
tenf;i,f at;Nidrf;csdef? tajctaeaumif;csdefrsdK;ü
uReaf wmf wpfa,mufwnf; tazhx,
H mOfwef;BuHKjzifh vdu
k f
oGm;wwfonf/ wpfcgaomtacgufwGif tazhxHa&muf&Sd
csdefü EdkYat;rsm;ESifhtpm;rSm;NyD; Adkufatmifhumatmfae&onf/
AsL[maq;rSL; vma&mufaq;xdk;ay;NyD;csdeftxd uRefawmfhrSm
roufom/ (7)ESpf (8)ESpft&G,f uRefawmfhudk tazonf
wpfnvkH;vrf;avQmufcsDydk;í odyfcJhonf/ eHeuf ydkif;rdk;vif;í
uRefawmfrsufvkH;zGifhMunfhonfhtcg ]]om;av;aeaumif;
oGm;NyDvm;}} [ktay:rSrdk; íMunfhumar;jref;aom tazhtoHudk
,aeYwkdifaEG;axG;pGm Mum;a,mifaerdqJjzpfonf/
uRef a wmf (7)wef ; wuf & ef aEG & moD w G i f tom;0g
a&m*gjzpfonf/ xdktcsdefu aEG&moDudk&if0wf&pOf ul;puf
cH&jcif;vnf;jzpfonf/ odaYk omfu,
kd u
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vrf;enf;enf;avQmufvQifyif armonf/ ntdyf,mxJwGif 0rf;
rnf;rsm;oGm;onf/ odjYk zifh tarESit
hf wl aq;½ko
H aYkd &muf&jyefonf/
q&m0efu tonf;a&miftom;0ga&m*gjzpfaMumif;ESihf rdom;pkEiS hf
cGJcGmae&ef? vufwavm aq;½kHwuf&efñTefMum;onf/
uReaf wmfuaq;½krH wufcsio
f jzifh tarhukd trsKd ;rsKd ; *sMD uonf/
atmfonf/ ido
k nf/ odEYk iS t
hf arhrmS q&m0efEiS ahf wmif;yefnEd§ idI ;f
&onf/ aemufqkH; bmvDESifha&mpyfxm;aoma& (6)ykvif;udk
aq;½küH ukeaf tmifaomufEikd v
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uRefawmfhudktrsdK;rsdK;acsmhjrLwkduf auR;NyD;oumvusrSom tdrfjyef&
awmhonf/ xdkpOfupdwf&Snfvuf&Snfjzifh aq;½kHay:ü uRefawmhftm;
wpfpufuav;rQ nLqlrrI jybJ vkyaf qmifay;cJah om tar\rdcifarwåmudk
,ckwidk af tmiftrSw&f rdonf/
ppfwuúov
kd w
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dS ½k;d
&uftvdük Physical Tranning vky&f if; nmvufusdK;onf/ vufzsH½t
(2)acsmif;vkH; oGifoGifusdK;jcif;jzpfNyD; q&m0efu "mwfrSefudkrMunfhbJ?
ausmufywfwD;udkifay;vdkuf&m wpfvjynfhí ywfwD;jznfcsdefü vufu

&mZ0wfom;rsm;ESit
hf wl xm;oifrh oifrh mS pOf;pm;p&mjzpfygonf/ vuf&dS
tajctaet&awmh wpfwef;pm;wnf;twlxm;ae&ygonf/ *kP0kwdÅ?
0&0wdÅyt& rnfodkYpOf;pm;pOf;pm; wpfwef;wpfpm;wnf;xm; &ef
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t&cGJjcm;xm;&ef rjzpfEdkifaomtcg enf;vrf;&SmMuygonf/
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wdjYk yKvkyaf y;Muygonf/ aq;½Hw
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tdrfomrSpí aq;½HkwGifoefY&Sif;aumif;rGefpGmae&ygonf/ teD;uyfusef;
rma&;apmifah &Smufr&I ygonf/ wdu
k cf ef;wGiv
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tjyifxu
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ypönf;ay;oGif;jcif;udkvnf; tawmfavsmhayghí oifhwifhoavmuf
ay;oGi;f cGijhf yKygvdrrhf nf/
trSeftm;jzifh cGifhjyKxm;jcif;r&Sdaom at?bD? tweftpm;tqifh

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)
aumufaeonf/ tav;tyifrsm;udk prf;oyfrckdif;&m rçr&/ yg&*lu
]]uav;rif;awmh RTH (Return to Home) jzpfawmhr,f/ csdK;NyD; oHacsmif;
jyefxnfq
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kd &f m (4?5)em&DcefMY umonf/ arhaq;ajy
uRefawmfvnf; Operation 0ifvu

csdefü yxrqkH;Mum;&aom toHrSm xdkpOfu'kwd,ausmif;tkyfBuD;jzpfol
Adv
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f &ufxw
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k yfwm&Sv
d }J } [laom q&m\toHonf uReaf wmfh
b0wpfavQmufü bmeJrY ES idI ;f ,SOrf &aom tmp&d,q&mwpfO;D \ arwåm
twef; jzpfEidk o
f rQvn
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15

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 83 )

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16

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wnfcif;{nfhcHcJhonf/

17

aqmif;yg;

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)

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3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

18

aqmif;yg;

q&mAef;armf uG,fvGefcJhonfrSm atmufwdkbm (23)
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3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

19

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)
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3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

21

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)

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3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

22

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)

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3, 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

23

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 83 )

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(14)Budrfajrmuf tmqD,HMunf;wyfOD;pD;csKyfrsm; pHknDtpnf;ta0; 14th ACAMM usif;y?
tmqD,HEkdifiHrsm;rS Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyfrsm; (Bilateral Meetings) ESpfEkdifiH oD;jcm;pD awGYqHk
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H sif;yonf(h 14) Budrf
ajrmuf tmqD,HMunf;wyfOD;pD;csKyfrsm; pHknDtpnf;ta0; 14th ASEAN
Chiefs of Army Multilateral Meeting (14th ACAMM) udk,aeY eHeuf
(9)em&DwGif rEÅav;NrdKU? qD'dk;em;[dkw,f? tr&yl&cef;rüusif;yjyKvkyf
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csKyfrSL;BuD; rif;atmifvdIif? 'kwd,wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf um
uG,af &; OD;pD;csKyf(Munf;) 'kw,
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wyfOD;pD;csKyf Brigakier General Dato Seri Pahlawan Haji Yuussof Bin
Haji Abd Rahman ? uarÇm'D;,m;EkdifiH Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyf General
Meas Sophea ? tif'dkeD;&Sm;EkdifiHMunf;wyfOD;pD;csKyf General Budiman ?
vmtkdEkdifiH 'kwd,ppfOD;pD;t&m&SdcsKyf Brigakier General Changhong
Soneta AT ? rav;&Sm;EkdifiH Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyf General Datuk Raja
Mohamed Affandi Bin Raja Mohamed Noor? zdvpfyi
kd Ef idk if H Munf;wyfO;D
pD;csKyf Lieutenant General Noel A. Coballes ? pifumylEidk if H Munf;wyfO;D
pD;csKyf Major General Ravinder Singh ? xkdif;EkdifiH'kwd,Munf; wyfOD;
pD;csKyf Lieutenant General Nguyen Quoc Khanh ESifh wm0ef&Sdolrsm;
wufa&mufMuonf/
a&S;OD;pGm wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf AkdvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;
rif;atmifvdIifu (14)Budrfajrmuf tmqD,HMunf;wyfOD;pD;csKyfrsm; pHknD
tpnf;ta0;zGifhyGJrdefYcGef;ajymMum;í tpnf;ta0;tm;zGifhvSpfay;onf/
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rif;atmifvdIiftm; 'kwd,wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf umuG,fa&;
OD;pD;csKyf(Munf;) 'kwd,AkdvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;pkd;0if;u 14th ACAMM txdr;f
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a&;OD;pD;csKyf(Munf;) 'kw,
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Armies Unity Towrads the 2015 ASEAN Community" acgif;pOftm;
aqG;aEG;ajymMum;NyD; wufa&mufvmMuaom tmqD,MH unf;wyfO;D pD;csKyf
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ajrmuftmqD,MH unf;wyfO;D pD;csKyfrsm; pHn
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24

14th ACAMM Joint Statement

udk vufrSwfa&;xkd;Muonf/
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a&;OD;pD;csKyf(Munf;) 'kw,
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,if;aemuf tmqD,HEkdifiHrsm;rS Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyfrsm;onf
,aeY aeYv,f(1)em&DwGifrEÅav;NrdKU? qD'dk;em;[dkw,fü ESpfEkdifiHoD;jcm;
awGUqHkyGJrsm; (Bilateral Meetings) udkusif;yjyKvkyfonf/
xkdokdYawGUqHk&mwGif 'kwd,wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf(Munf;) 'kwd,AkdvfcsKyfBuD; pdk;0if;onf b½lEkdif;
EkdifiH Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyf Brigadier General Dato Seri Pahlawan Haji
Yussof Bin Haji Abd Rahma ? uarÇm'D;,m;EkdifiH Munf;wyf OD;pD;csKyf
General Meas Sophea ? tif'dkeD;&Sm;EkdifiH Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyf General
Budiman ? vmtkdEkdifiH 'kwd,ppfOD;pD;t&m&SdcsKyf Brigadier General
Changhong Soneta AT ? pifumylEkdifiH Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyf
Major
General Ravinder Singh ? zdvpfydkifEkdifiH Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyf Lieutenant General Noel A. Coballes ? xkdif;EkdifiH 'kwd,(Munf;)wyf OD;pD;csKyf
General Udomdej Sitabutr ? AD,uferfEkdifiH 'kwd,Munf;wyf OD;pD;csKyf
Lieutenant General Nguyen Quoc Khanh ES i f h rav;&S m ; Ek d i f i H
Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyf General Datuk Raja Mohamed Affandi Bin Raja
Mohamed Noor wkdYtm; oD;jcm;pDvufcHawGUqHkaqG;aEG;NyD; vufaqmif
ypönf;rsm; tjyeftvSefay;tyfMuonf/
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qHkaqG;aEG;cJhMuNyD; vufaqmifypönf;rsm; tjyeftvSef vJvS,fMuonf/
qufvufí naeydkif;wGif tmqD,HEkdifiH Munf;wyfOD;pD;csKyf
rsm;ESifh ZeD;rsm;onf rEÅav;awmifodkYa&muf&SdNyD; naeae0ifqnf;qm
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pdw0f ifpm;Muw,f/ txl;ojzifh ya'giftrsdK;orD;awG&UJ yHpk aH wGaygh/
olwv
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qdkwm awG;ylrdao;w,f/ vdGKifaumfukd jyefxGufvmawmh w½kwf
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awGpm;wJ[
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usawmh [if;utwlwjl zpfaeygw,f/ aumifav;awGvnf; Nred &f nf
,Suf &nfpm;Muygw,f/ rrvnf; cgwdkif;xuf ykdpm;jzpfygw,f/
pm;Ny;D aomufNy;D awmh tpnf;ta0;twGuf jyifqifMu&jyefygw,f/
rru NyKH ;ppeJY ]tm;vH;k awmhNy;D oGm;Ny}D wJ/h tJ'n
D pmpm;MuwJt
h csed rf mS
rru u,m;vHkjcnfeJYyk0gukd qifjref;xm;ygw,f}/
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jcnfet
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ausmif;rSm vlxrk ed cYf eG ;f ajymw,f/ rru pawmfb,f&o
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bl;/ uavmrSmaeYv,fpmpm;Muw,f/ um;vrf;u Murf;ygw,f/
rmvumoD;awGu csppf &m/ rru yHrk eS t
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rBudKufayr,fh tJ'DurmvumoD;awGuawmh tvHkvnf;BuD;BuD;?
csdKcsdKvnf;csdK? ukduf&wmvnf; MuGyf½Gaeygw,f/ uavmoGm;wJh
vrf;rSm rmvumoD;BuD;wpfv;kH ukeaf tmif usrpm;vdu
k w
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rrvnf;xyfpm;csifrSmyJvdkY usrawG;vdkufrdygw,f}/

qufvufazmfjyygrnf
(yDwmykdzefa&;om;onfh The Lady and The Peacock :
The Life of Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma pmtkyfukd
qDavsmfatmif jrefrmjyefqdkygonf)
bmomjyefol - at;atmif

25

,ciftywfrStquf

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 83 )

OD;Ekacgif;aqmifonfh vuf,mnGefYaygif;tpdk;&ESifh a':vmESpfoef;
ArmhwyfrawmfEiS hf &Sr;f olyek rf sm;udk z,f&mS ;vdu
k yf gvQif &Sr;f jynfe,f
udk vuf0g;BuD;tky&f efBudK;pm;rnfh tiftm;pkEpS cf &k adS yao;onf/ ¤if;wkrYd mS
jrefrmjynfuGefjrLepfygwDESifh OD;Ekacgif;aqmifonfh vuf,mnGefYaygif;
tkyfpkyifjzpfonf/ {NyD (1969) ckESpfwGif jrefrmjynfrS ,dk;',m;okdY
xGuaf jy;vmcJah om OD;Ekonfjrefrm,d;k ',m; e,fpyfwiG f x<uvIy&f mS ;ae
onfh rGefolykefaomif; usef;ol? vuf,mtkyfpku&ifaomif;usef;olrsm;
ESihf r[mrdwzf UJG í nDnw
G af omtrsKd;om;vGwaf jrmufa&;wyfO;D (Union
National Liberation Front UNLF) trnfjzifh awmfvSefa&;wyfrawmf
wpfckudk zGJUpnf;cJhonf/
aiG&&Sda&;twGuf OD;EkESifh¤if;\ vufaxmufrsm;(pDtdkifatrS tem;
,lcJhaom0DvsH,ef;tygt0if)onf urÇmt&yf&yfudk vSnfhum b@m
t&if;&SifBuD;rsm;ESifhqufoG,fcJhonf/ avmavmq,f ulnDaxmufyHhaiG
&&Sad &;twGuf aemiftcgwGif jrefrmha&eHEiS hf jrefrmh"mwfowåKrsm;udx
k w
k f
,lcGifhjyKrnf[k tmrcHcJhonf/ þokdYjzifh jrefrmEdkifiHtem*wfudk vnf
yif;a&mufatmifaygifESHcJhaom OD;Ekonf (1970) jynfhESpf
tukefwGif a':vmaiGESpfoef;ausmf &&SdcJhonf/
xdik ;f tpd;k &\ EIwq
f w
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a[mifaqmif;? rJq&if;? rJaqmufww
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Edik if \
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cJhonf/ jrefrmESifhrGefppfe,fajrrSm ta&SUawmifbufa'o?
u&ifppfe,fajrrSm ta&SUbufa'ojzpfNyD; ta&SUajrmufbuf
a'orSm &Srf;ESifhucsifwkdY\ ppfe,fajrjzpfonf/
OD;Ek\ (NULF) r[mrdwftzGJUonf rGefESifhu&ife,fwGif
ppfqifa&;vkyf&ef tajccHcdkifrmoGm;aomfvnf; ta&SUajrmuf
wGif ¤if;\ MoZmvk;H 0r&Sad y/ &Sr;f wyfrawmfrsm; tvGerf sm;jym;
av&m r[mrdwzf UJG oifo
h nfw
h yfrawmfvnf;wpfcrk rS &Sad y/ ¤if;
wkdYtcsif;csif; tvGefYtvGefoabmuGJvGJaeMujcif;aMumifh
nGeaYf ygif;tzGUJ zGUJ pnf;&efyifvQif vG,rf nfr[kwaf y/ xkaYd Mumifh
vnf; OD;Ekonf &Sr;f jynfe,fwiG f &SEd iS Nhf yD;om; olyek t
f yk pf rk sm;ESihf
r[mrdwfrzGJUbJ &Srf;jynfe,ftwGif; oD;jcm;olykefwyfzGJUwpfzGJU
xlaxmif&ef 0DvsH,ef;ESifh AdkvfcsKyf*sifrD,ef; (Jimmy Yang)
wdkYtm; wm0efay;avonf/
*sifrD,ef;onf udk;uefYapmfbGm;rdom;pk0ifjzpfNyD; (1962)
ckESpfupí ajymufusm;ppfqifa&;jzifh ykefuefcJholjzpfonf/
¤if; \ rdbrsm;onf q,fEpS af usmfMumatmif autrfww
D EYdk iS hf
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&&Sd&ef udk;uefYrSbdef;rsm;udk autrfwDAdkvfcsKyfvdkif\ apmifh
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*sifrDESifh ¤if;\aemufvdkufwpfpkonf ,dk;',m;jynfajrmufydkif;
okdY 0ifa&mufvmum AdkvfcsKyfvdkif\ ppfXmecsKyf&Sd wdrfikwf&Gm
wGif tajccHpcef;wpfck zGifhvSpfcJhonf/ ¤if;\ aemufvdkufrsm;
u arSmifcv
kd yk if ef;ESihf arG;jrLa&;vkyif ef;rsm;vkyMf uNyD; *sifr,
D ef; ud,
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&efukefrSmaepOfuyif *sifrDonf OD;EkESifh oduRrf;cJhonf/ xkdYaMumifh
OD;Ek ,dk;',m;okdY a&mufvmaomtcg *sifrDonf OD;EkESifh awGUqkHum
AdkvfcsKyfvdkifu 'Drdkua&pD atmifjrifa&; twGuf vSL'gef;onfh a':vm
(10000)udk OD;EkvufokdYay;tyfcJhonf/ vaygif;tenf;i,fMumaom
tcg OD;Ekuaus;Zl;wkHYjyefum *sifrD,ef;tm; NULF \ ajrmufydkif;ppf
e,fajr(ucsifESifh&Srf;jynfe,f)rSL;cefYtyfum AdkvfrSL;csKyf cefYxm;vdkuf
avonf/ xufjrufaom wyfrawmfwpfcw
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d yf
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onf vufa&G;pifvlwpf&mcefYudkomygonfh vufeufudkifwyfudk zGJUpnf;
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arSmifcdk*dkPf;rsm;? aomif;usef;olwkdYtzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh nd§EIdif;aqG;aEG;&ef
jzpfonf/ xdkvufa&G;pifvlwpf&mudk t&m&Sdtjzpf cefYxm;&efESifh
aemifzGJUpnf;rnfh OD;Ektpdk;&vufxufwGif tpdk;&&mxl;rsm; ay;rnf [k
urf;vSrf;xm;&ef *sifrD,ef;u pDpOfonf/
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ief;wGif ryg0ifbJaeygua&S;u nGefYaygif;tzGJUrsm;uJhokdY bdef;tjrwfa0pk
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,ef;u,kMH unfonf/ wku
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hf pfNydKifeuf
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Yd H vufeufcsvdu
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xdkvkyfief;udk taumiftxnfazmf&ef *sifrD,ef;onf &Srf; vli,f
wpf&mudkpnf;½Hk;í Zif;r,farSmifcdkaps;wGif0,fí&orQaom vufeuf
rsm;udk wyfqifay;cJo
h nf/ tar&duefvyk f trf(2) umbdik w
f pfvufvQif

26

a':vm (150)? trf(16) ½dkifz,f wpfvufvQif a':vm (250)? trf
(79) vufypfA;Hk avmifcsmwpfvufvQif a':vm(500) ponfjzifh 0,f,l
onf/
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zdeyfrsm;jzifhvnf; vufa&G;pifwyfzGJU0ifwkdYtm; qif,ifay;cJhonf/
Adv
k cf sKyfvu
D awmwGi;f ppfqifa&;ESihf ywfoufonfh ppfynm pmtkyrf sm;
axmufyHhonf/ (1971) ckESpf? pufwifbmvwGif &Srf;jynfokdY pwifcsD
wuf&ef *sifrDu&ufowfrSwfxm;cJhonf/
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onfwGif*sifrDonfppfqifa&;udk &uftuefYtowfr&Sd a&TUqdkif;vdkuf
&avonf/
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a&; y#dyu©rsm;aMumifhyif jzpfonf/ &Srf;wyfrawmf NydKuGJcJhonfrSmvnf;
þy#dyu©aMumifyh ifjzpfonf/ *sifr\
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&Sr;f vli,frsm;jzpfMuaomfvnf; ¤if;wku
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kd yk cf sKyfonfh enf;jyq&mrsm;rSm
*sifrDuJhokdYyif udk;uefYe,fom; w½kwfrsm;jzpfMuayonf/

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f yf&if; 0ifa&muftrIxrf;cJ&h m
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k Bf uD;tqifo
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G v
f mcJh
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awmcdo
k mG ;Muum jrefrmjynftv,fyikd ;f ESihf ta&SUydik ;f wkw
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f efx<u
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f wGi;f rSm
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hf zGUJ onf ,leefe,foq
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k f
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f ,frQ aemfqikd ;f \owif;udo
k efo
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wyfrSL;tjzpfaemfqdkif;emrnfxGufvmjyefonf/ aemfqkdif;acgif;aqmif
onfh uGefjrLepfwyfzGJUujrefrm? w½kwfe,fpyfa'oudkxdk;ppf qifjyef
onf/ (1970) jynfEh pS ?f rwfvwGiu
f eG jf rLepfwu
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k rd ;f
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w½kwfe,fedrdwfESifh rsOf;NydKifwnf&Sdaomjrefrme,fpyfa'o rdkifav;&m
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acgif;aqmifponfwu
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txefwdkufyGJrsm;qifETJcJhMuonf/ wdkufyGJwdkif;wGif uGefjrLepfwkdYuyif
tEdik &f &Su
d m tqdyk gvufeufuikd f a&mifpt
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k t
Ydk aemufbufoYdk qkwcf mG
vmcJh&onf/ csKyfudkifcGifh&onfh e,fajrwGifuGefjrLepfwkdYu bdef;cGefudk
zsuf o d r f ; um tjcm;oD ; ES H u d k tpm;xd k ; pd k u f & ef tm;ay;avonf /
Nidr0f yfyjd ym;a&; udv
k nf; xde;f odr;f onf/ aus;&Gmvlxt
k m; qm;a0iSum
usef;rm a&;tpDtpOfrsm; csay;avonf/ xkaYd Mumifv
h nf; vufeufuikd f
tkypf rk sm;r&cJo
h nfv
h x
l ak xmufcrH u
I u
kd eG jf rLepfw&Ydk &Scd o
hJ nf/ vuf&t
dS ajc
taewGifoD;ESHtpm;xdk;pdkufysKd;a&;rSm ESpfaygif;rsm;pGmMumrS ½kyfvkH;ay:
rnfjzpf&mbdef;udkyifqufvufpdkufysKd;Muonf/ bdef;ukefonfwkdYuuGef
jrLepfvufatmuf&&dS mG rsm;rS bde;f udo
k mG ;a&muf0,f,Ml uonf/ &vmaom
bde;f udk vm;½d;I ESiu
hf sKdi;f wko
H yYdk o
Ykd nf/ usKdi;f wkw
H iG b
f ed ;f arSmifct
kd zGUJ rsm;?um
uG,af &;rsm;ESihf autrfwb
D ed ;f yGpJ m;rsm;uxdb
k ed ;f ud0k ,f,Ml uav onf/
AdkvfcsKyftkef;&ufwDukef; atmifEdkifol tjrwf,l
(1967) ckESpf bdef;ppfyGJwGif AdkvfcsKyftkef;&uf atmifyGJ&vdkufonfh

umwGef;ESifh owif;

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 83
)

q&mBuD;,k'óef\ b0Zmwfvrf;rSDjirf;xm;onfh ]oufpGefYarwåm}Zmwfvrf; y&uf½dI;yGJjyo

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q&mBuD;,k'óef\ b0Zmwfvrf;udk rSDjirf;xm;onfh ]oufpGefY
arwåm}Zmwfvrf; y&uf½dI;yGJudk (30?11?2013)&uf eHeuf (7)em&DcGJwGif
&efukefNrdKU? Junction Center (armfwif)&Sd ½kyf&Sif½Hk(1)ü jyocJhonf/
tqdkygZmwfvrf;udk RBuD; (a&T'g;)rS pDpOfNyD; ZmwfñTef; jrvdIif;
(uAsm)rS a&;um 'g½dkufwm rsKd;xl;(pdwful;&ifckefonf)rS ½dkuful;í
NzdK;aiGpdk;? at;0wf&nfaomif;? tu,f'rDOD;atmifvGif? at;csrf;rdk;?
arrDudkudk? tufpwma'G;? pdefoD;? ZD;oD;ESifh o½kyfaqmifaygif;rsm;pGm
yg0ifonf/
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a&muf&SdvmNyD; jrefrmEkdifiHudkcspfNyD; jrefrmEkdifiHom;awGtwGuf tusKd;

jyKvkyfief;aygif;rsm;pGm aqmif&Gufay;cJhwJh q&mBuD;,k'óefae&mwGif
o½kyfaqmifNzdK;aiGpdk;rSvnf;aumif;? q&mBuD;,k'óeftusKd;jyKvkyfief;
rsm; vkyfudkif&mwGif ab;rS ulnDaqmif&Gufay;onfh ZeD;onftjzpf
o½kyfaqmifat;0wf&nfaomif;wdkYrS o½kyfaqmifxm;onf/
¤if;Zmwfum;rSm q&mBuD;,k'óef jrefrmEkdifiHodkYa&mufvmwm
2013 ckESpfrSm ESpf(200)wif;wif;jynfhcJhNyDjzpfonfhtwGuf av;pm;
MunfndKtwk,lzG,f&maumif;aomaMumifh wifpm;*kPfjyKvsuf ]ouf
pGefYarwåm}½kyf&SifZmwfum;udk ½dkuful;wifquf&jcif;jzpfaMumif;od&Sd&
onf/

tcsdefupí vmtdkEdkifiHonf a&TBwd*He,fxGuf bdef;jzifhbdef;jzLcsufonfh
A[dkpcef;jzpfvmayonf/ vmtdkokdY0ifonfh jrefrmbdef;udkvnf; autrf
wDwt
Ydk cGeaf umufciG rhf &awmhay/ autrfww
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vmtdw
k yfrawmfuyif bde;f cGeaf umufcaH vawmhonf/ Aefqq
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rSbdef;jzLcsuf½Hkrsm;onf jrefrmbdef;udka&S;uxufydkí csufvkyfvmMu&
onf/
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k cf sKyftek ;f &uf atmifycJG &H onfh (1967) ckEpS f bde;f ppfyo
JG wif;udk
urÇmo
h wif;pmBuD;rsm;wGif tus,fw0ifah &;om;azmfjycJ&h m ¤if;ud,
k w
f idk f
bde;f avmuwGif bde;f ausmfaZmjzpfvmavonf/ xkaYd Mumifv
h nf; (1967)
ckESpfESifh(1968)ckESpfrsm;wGif rl;,pfaq;0g;arSmifcdkvkyfief;udk wdkufcdkufae
onfh Edik if w
H um&JtzGUJ rSu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm; Adv
k cf sKyftek ;f &ufukd vma&muf
awGUMuonf/ trsKd;om;wyfrawmf\OD;pD;Adv
k cf sKyf ud,
k w
f ikd u
f Edik if w
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kd yk if ef;udt
k m;ay;aeonft
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f u
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kd w
f ikd f pdwf
roufromjzpfMu&onf/ AdkvfcsKyftkef;&uftm;tmPmydkifwkdYu bdef;
vkyif ef;rS tem;,lyg&ef arwåm&yfcaH omtcg Akv
d cf sKyftek ;f upD;yGm;a&;t&
bde;f \ ta&;ygyku
H t
kd us,fw0ifah jzMum;cJah vonf/ ESpaf ygif;rsm;pGmMum
aomtcg AdkvfcsKyftkef;u atmufygtwdkif;ajymMum;cJhavonf/
]]bdef;ESifh ywfoufNyD; EdkifiHwum&JtzGJUu usKyfqDudk (1967)
ckESpfrSm wpfacguf(1968) ckESpfrSmwpfacgufa&mufvmMuw,f/ awmif
ay:rSmbdef;&SdaeorQawmh bdef;a&mif;0,fa&;&SdaerSmyJvkdYusKyfu ajym
vdkufw,f/ awmifay:om;awGbdef;rpdkufatmifolwkdYuaiGay;oifhwm
aygh/
usKyfuEdkifiHwum&JtzGJUudkajymvdkufw,f/ wl&uDuae bkHuifyif
v,fatmuftxdawmifuek ;f a'oawGrmS bde;f pdu
k Mf uaMumif;/ bde;f pdu
k f
ysKd;a&;udrk ydwEf ikd o
f rQolwv
Ydk yk if ef; tcsnf;tES;D yJqw
kd t
hJ aMumif;awGaygh/
ajrjyefYuopfyifawG&Sif;NyD; v,fopfazmfzkdYxGefpufawGay;zkdYusKyfu ajym

vdu
k af o;w,f/ v,fopfawGay:vmawmhawmifay:uvlawGukd usKyfwYdk
u ajrjyefYudkarmif;csNyD;xGef,ufpkdufysKd;ckdif;r,fav/ (10)vvkH;vkH; t
vkyv
f yk rf S bde;f ESiq
hf efa':vm(200) zk;d avmuf&wmyg/ ajrjyefrY mS rd;k a&ESihf
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f ,fr[kwf
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ay:uvlawGudkwpfckck vkyfray;orQawmhbdef;ta&mif;t0,f &SdaerSmyJ
vkdYrJacgifjrpfBuD; qdkif*kHta&mufpD;qif;vmovdkaygh/ bdef;vnf;yJ'DvdkyJ
pD;aerSmyJ/ olwkdYu usKyfbdef;vkyfaewmudk&yfzkdYajymw,f/ usKyfutajc
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H um&JtzGUJ 0ifwYdk a&mufvm
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udk vkyfaeygao;onf[kar;jref;aomtcg ,cifuvkyfcJhaMumif;/ ,ck
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udk avhvm&if;,aeY &Srf;jynfe,fwmcsDvdwf? usKdif;wkH? awmifBuD;ESifh
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udik zf ufrsm;? rsKd;qufopfrsm;udak pmifMh unfah vhvmzkrYd vdk jrefrmEdik if t
H pd;k &
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27

,ciftywfrStquf

V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . ( 83 )
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tdyfaevdkufonf/
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a&SUtywfqufzwfyg&ef

29

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V o l : ( 2 ) , N o . (83)

3 , 12, 2 0 1 3, T u e s d a y

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