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Practice Density Problems

Solve the following problems showing all your work including equations and units. 1. Calculate the mass of a liquid with a density of 3.2 g/mL and a volume of 25 mL. (answer = ! g"

2. #n irregular o$%ect with a mass of 1 &g dis'laces 2.5 L of water when 'laced in a large overflow container. Calculate the density of the o$%ect. (answer = (.2 &g/L or (.2 g/mL or (.2 g/cm3"

3. # graduated cylinder has a mass of ! g when em'ty. )hen 2! mL of water is added* the graduated cylinder has a mass of 1!! g. +f a stone is added to the graduated cylinder* the water level rises to ,5 mL and the total mass is now 15- g. )hat is the density of the stone. (answer = 2.2, g/mL or 2.2, g/cm3" Chemistry: Density Problems (there are no problems on the test where you have to calculate volume of l x w x h.)
For each problem below, write the equation and show your work. Always use units and box in your final answer. 1. /he density of silver (#g" is 1!.5 g/cm3. 0ind the mass of #g that occu'ies 1-5 cm 3 of s'ace.

2. # 2.(5 &g sam'le of a su$stance occu'ies a volume of 25!.! cm 3. 0ind its density in g/cm3.

3. 2nder certain conditions* o3ygen gas (42" has a density of !.!!13, g/mL. 0ind the volume occu'ied $y 25!.! g of 42 under the same conditions.

,. 0ind the volume that 35.2 g of car$on tetrachloride (CCl ," will occu'y if it has a density of 1.-! g/mL.

5. /he density of ethanol is !.( 1 g/mL. 0ind the mass of a sam'le of ethanol that has a volume of 15!.! mL.

-. 3!.! g of each of the following acids are needed. 0ind the volume of each that must $e measured out in a graduated cylinder. #. hydrochloric acid (5Cl"* density = 1.1-, g/mL

6. sulfuric acid (5274,"* density = 1. 3, g/mL

C. nitric acid (5843"* density = 1.251 g/mL (. # rectangular $loc& of lead (9$" measures 2!.! mm : 3!.! mm : ,5.! mm. +f the density of 9$ is 11.3, g/cm3* calculate the mass of the $loc&.

. # cu$e of gold (#u" has a side length of 1.55 cm. +f the sam'le is found to have a mass of (1.1 g* find the density of #u.

1. #n irregularly;sha'ed sam'le of aluminum (#l" is 'ut on a $alance and found to have a mass of ,3.- g. /he student decides to use the water;dis'lacement method to find the volume. /he initial volume reading is 25.5 mL and* after the #l sam'le is added* the water level has risen to ,1.( mL. 0ind the density of the #l sam'le in g/cm 3. (<emem$er= 1 mL = 1 cm3."

1!. +f you are sure that a sam'le of material is aluminum $ut have no measuring instruments #8> are not allowed to handle the sam'le* how would you determine the sam'le?s density.

11. # gas has a mass of 31(5 g and ta&es u' enough s'ace to fill a room that is 2.!! m : 2.!! m : 5.!! m. 2se the ta$le $elow* which lists densities in units of g/mL to hel' you determine what the gas is. (5int= Change the units on the si@e of the room."

#nswers= 1. 1.!1 3 1!, g #g 2. 11 g/cm3 helium 3. 1. ( 3 1!5 mL ,. 22.! mL 5. 11 .35 g ethanol

-#. 25. mL 5Cl -6. 1-., mL 5274, -C. 2,.! mL 5843 (. 3!- g 9$ . 11.3 g/cm3

1.

2.-1 g/cm3 11.