Moment Distribution
Struct Notes
A.W.C. Oreta
DLSUManila
Basic Concept
M
AB
M
BA
A
M
AB
=
4EI
L
(
(
A
M
BA
=
1
2
M
AB
=
2EI
L
(
(
A
For a span AB which is hinged at A and fixed at B, a
clockwise rotation
can be effected by applying a clockwise moment at A:
This moment induces a clockwise moment at B whose
magnitude is onehalf of that at A:
2
Member Sitffness
Bending Stiffness Factor (k): Moment
required to be applied at the hinged joint to
cause a rotation of one radian at that joint of
a span hinged at one end and fixed at the
other end.
k =
4EI
L
CarryOver Factor
Carryover Factor (c): The ratio of the
moment induced at the fixed end to
moment at the hinged end.
c =
M
BA
M
AB
=
1
2
3
Distribution Factor
+ ve moment M
A
C
B
D
At joint B: M  M
BA
M
BC
M
BD
= 0
I
1
L
1
I
3
L
3
I
2
L
2
A
D
B
C
M
BA
M
BC
M
BD
M
( )
( )
M F D M
K
K
M
M F D M
K
K
M
Similarly
M F D M
K
K
K M
K
M
K K K
M
K K K
L
I E
L
I E
L
I E
BD
BD
BD
BC
BC
BC
BA
BA
B BA BA
BD BC BA
B
B BD BC BA
B
) . (
) . (
) . (
4 4 4
3
3 3
2
2 2
1
1 1
=


.

\

=
=


.

\

=
=


.

\

= =
=
+ +
=
+ + =
(


.

\

+


.

\

+


.

\

=
Distribution Factor
Distribution Factor (DF):The ratio of the
stiffness of the member to the sum of the
stiffnesses of all members at a joint.
k
1
k
2
k
3
k
4
DF
1
=
k
1
k
1
+ k
2
+k
3
+k
4
4
Fixed End Moments
FixedEnd Moments: The end moments
induced in a fixed beam.
L
P
Pab
2
/ L
2
Pa
2
b/ L
2
Pb
2
(3a+b) / L
3
Pa
2
( a+3b)/ L
3
a b
w
wL/12
2
wL/12
2
wL/2 wL/2
L
Moment Distribution Method
1. Fixed End Moments (FEM) Lock all joints by applying
fixed end moments (FEM)
2. Unbalance Moment  Release the joint and compute the
unbalance moment at each joint due to FEM
3. Distributed Moment  Distribute the unbalance moment at
each end based on the distribution factor. Apply the distributed
moment opposite in direction to the unbalance moment.
4. CarryOver Moment Apply the carryover moment for each
distributed moment
5. Repeat steps 3 & 4 until the distributed moments become
small or after several cycles.
6. End Moments :Sum up all moments at each joint to get the
end moments.
5
Problem No. 1
15 kN/m 10 kN/m
8 m 6 m 8 m
A
B C
D
I I I
3 m
150 kN
EI
EI
K
EI EI
EI
K
EI
EI
L
EI
K K
EI
EI
L
EI
K K
DC
CD
CB BC
BA AB
5 . 0
8
4
5 . 0
8
4
8
4
667 . 0
6
) )( 4 ( 4
5 . 0
8
) )( 4 ( 4
= =
= =
(
=
= = = =
= = = =
Stiffness Factors (Unmodified Stiffness)
Problem No. 1
Fixed end moments
m kN
wl
M M
m kN
wl
M M
m kN
wl
M M
DC CD
CB BC
BA AB
. 333 . 53
12
) 8 )( 10 (
12
. 5 . 112
8
) 6 )( 150 (
8
. 80
12
) 8 )( 15 (
12
2 2
2 2
= = = =
= = = =
= = = =
8 m
80 kN.m
80 kN.m
15 kN/m
A
B
6 m
112.5kN.m
112.5 kN.m
B
C
8 m
53.33 kN.m
10 kN/m
C
D
150 kN
53.33 kN.m
3 m
6
Distribution Factors
00 . 1
4284 . 0
500 . 0 667 . 0
500 . 0
5716 . 0
500 . 0 667 . 0
667 . 0
5716 . 0
667 . 0 5 . 0
667 . 0
4284 . 0
667 . 0 5 . 0
5 . 0
0 . 0
) ( 5 . 0
5 . 0
= =
=
+
=
+
=
=
+
=
+
=
=
+
=
+
=
=
+
=
+
=
=
+
=
+
=
DC
DC
DC
CD CB
CD
CD
CD CB
CB
CB
BC BA
BC
BC
BC BA
BA
BA
wall BA
BA
AB
K
K
DF
EI EI
EI
K K
K
DF
EI EI
EI
K K
K
DF
EI EI
EI
K K
K
DF
EI EI
EI
K K
K
DF
stiffness wall
EI
K K
K
DF
15 kN/m 10 kN/m
8 m 6 m 8 m
A
B C
D
I I I
3 m
150 kN
Joint A B C D
Member AB BA BC CB CD DC
Distribution Factors 0 0.4284 0.5716 0.5716 0.4284 1
Computed end moments 80 80 112.5 112.5 53.33 53.33
Cycle 1
Distribution 13.923 18.577 33.82 25.35 53.33
Carryover moments 6.962 16.91 9.289 26.67 12.35
Cycle 2
Distribution 7.244 9.662 9.935 7.446 12.35
Carryover moments 3.622 4.968 4.831 6.175 3.723
Cycle 3
Distribution 2.128 2.84 6.129 4.715 3.723
Carryover moments 1.064 3.146 1.42 1.862 2.358
Cycle 4
Distribution 1.348 1.798 1.876 1.406 2.358
Carryover moments 0.674 0.938 0.9 1.179 0.703
Cycle 5
Distribution 0.402 0.536 1.187 0.891 0.703
Summed up 69.81 99.985 99.99 96.613 96.61 0
moments
Moment Distribution Table
7
Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams
56.23
3.74 m
75.563
63.77
52.077
74.437
27.923
2.792 m
69.806
98.297
35.08
126.704
96.613
31.693
M
max
=+38.985 kN.m
Max=+ 35.59 kN.m
3.74 m
84.92
99.985
48.307
2.792 m
S. F. D.
B. M. D