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With detailed analysis of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and Spirits of the Dead, and with wider reference to The

Bloody Chamber, compare and contrast the extent to which these authors incorporate gender issues and perspectives into their work in all three texts. The prominence on gender roles differ between, Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson, Spirits of the Dead by Edgar Allan Poe and The Bloody Chamber by Angela Carter. The Bloody Chamber often reverses gender roles, giving new perspectives and the issue features significantly throughout the book. In Contrast, Gender is not at the forefront of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and the topic isnt directly referenced in the novella. Edgar Allan Poes life was influenced by the Woman in his life and therefore, gender features prominently in Spirits of the Dead. The Following essay intends to analyse in depth the gender issues and perspectives in these three literary works. Robert Louis Stevenson (1850 - 1894) was a novelist, poet and travel writer, he is widely regarded as one of the most significant writers in Victorian literature. For health reasons, Stevenson had to stay in doors when he was younger and his love of travel, science and adventure may in most parts be due to this time he spent ill as a child. Stevenson is most famous for writing Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and some of its major themes, like science and obsession may stem from his own personal search for a cure of his illness. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is set in a male dominated world, with very few references to women. When female characters are introduced they are weak and have little significance in the novella. The first female character that we encounter is immediately disregarded as she is trampled over by Mr Hyde. The young girl trampled in used as a device to further depict the evil nature of Mr Hyde, this shows that females in the novella are bystanders not important to plot of the novella. The next female character we see is the maid who witnesses the Carew Murder. The maids occupation lowers her social status and gives her a subordinate role compared to the men to the men in the novella. The character herself faints after witnessing the murder, further devaluing her as a character. The maids narrative differs from the rest of the novella; The main them of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is the internal human struggle between good and evil, the maids narrative deviates from the scientific question briefly when she is described as romantically given and describes a man as a beautiful gentleman. The idea of love and Romance and emotions are not in keeping with the direct nature rest of the novella and as with any story that has men and women there is an immediate implication of a romance, this may be the reason Stevenson decided to omit Females from the novella, keeping the plot straightforward. Further arguments that Stevenson intentionally refrained from including women in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde are that throughout Victorian literature, Women provide the sense of morals and injustice and for this reason Stevenson excluded them from the novella in order to better focus on the central divide between mans good and evil sides,.

The depiction of Women in Angela Carters The Bloody Chamber