What Students Know and Can Do: Student Performance in Mathematics, Reading and Science

Snapshot of performance in mathematics, reading and science
Countries/economies with a mean performance/share of top performers above the OECD average
Countries/economies with a share of low achievers below the OECD average
Countries/economies with a mean performance/share of low achievers/share of top performers
not statistically significantly different from the OECD average
Countries/economies with a mean performance/share of top performers below the OECD average
Countries/economies with a share of low achievers above the OECD average
Mathematics
 

Mean score
in PISA 2012

Reading

Share
Share
of low achievers of top performers
in mathematics in mathematics
(Level 5 or 6)
(Below Level 2)

Annualised
change
in score points

Mean score
in PISA 2012

Science

Annualised
change
in score points

Mean score
in PISA 2012

Annualised
change
in score points

OECD average

494

23.1

12.6

-0.3

496

0.3

501

0.5

Shanghai-China
Singapore
Hong Kong-China
Chinese Taipei
Korea
Macao-China
Japan
Liechtenstein
Switzerland
Netherlands
Estonia
Finland
Canada
Poland
Belgium
Germany
Viet Nam
Austria
Australia
Ireland
Slovenia
Denmark
New Zealand
Czech Republic
France
United Kingdom
Iceland
Latvia
Luxembourg
Norway
Portugal
Italy
Spain
Russian Federation
Slovak Republic
United States
Lithuania
Sweden
Hungary
Croatia
Israel
Greece
Serbia
Turkey
Romania
Cyprus 1, 2
Bulgaria
United Arab Emirates
Kazakhstan
Thailand
Chile
Malaysia
Mexico
Montenegro
Uruguay
Costa Rica
Albania
Brazil
Argentina
Tunisia
Jordan
Colombia
Qatar
Indonesia
Peru

613
573
561
560
554
538
536
535
531
523
521
519
518
518
515
514
511
506
504
501
501
500
500
499
495
494
493
491
490
489
487
485
484
482
482
481
479
478
477
471
466
453
449
448
445
440
439
434
432
427
423
421
413
410
409
407
394
391
388
388
386
376
376
375
368

3.8
8.3
8.5
12.8
9.1
10.8
11.1
14.1
12.4
14.8
10.5
12.3
13.8
14.4
18.9
17.7
14.2
18.7
19.7
16.9
20.1
16.8
22.6
21.0
22.4
21.8
21.5
19.9
24.3
22.3
24.9
24.7
23.6
24.0
27.5
25.8
26.0
27.1
28.1
29.9
33.5
35.7
38.9
42.0
40.8
42.0
43.8
46.3
45.2
49.7
51.5
51.8
54.7
56.6
55.8
59.9
60.7
67.1
66.5
67.7
68.6
73.8
69.6
75.7
74.6

55.4
40.0
33.7
37.2
30.9
24.3
23.7
24.8
21.4
19.3
14.6
15.3
16.4
16.7
19.4
17.5
13.3
14.3
14.8
10.7
13.7
10.0
15.0
12.9
12.9
11.8
11.2
8.0
11.2
9.4
10.6
9.9
8.0
7.8
11.0
8.8
8.1
8.0
9.3
7.0
9.4
3.9
4.6
5.9
3.2
3.7
4.1
3.5
0.9
2.6
1.6
1.3
0.6
1.0
1.4
0.6
0.8
0.8
0.3
0.8
0.6
0.3
2.0
0.3
0.6

4.2
3.8
1.3
1.7
1.1
1.0
0.4
0.3
0.6
-1.6
0.9
-2.8
-1.4
2.6
-1.6
1.4
m
0.0
-2.2
-0.6
-0.6
-1.8
-2.5
-2.5
-1.5
-0.3
-2.2
0.5
-0.3
-0.3
2.8
2.7
0.1
1.1
-1.4
0.3
-1.4
-3.3
-1.3
0.6
4.2
1.1
2.2
3.2
4.9
m
4.2
m
9.0
1.0
1.9
8.1
3.1
1.7
-1.4
-1.2
5.6
4.1
1.2
3.1
0.2
1.1
9.2
0.7
1.0

570
542
545
523
536
509
538
516
509
511
516
524
523
518
509
508
508
490
512
523
481
496
512
493
505
499
483
489
488
504
488
490
488
475
463
498
477
483
488
485
486
477
446
475
438
449
436
442
393
441
441
398
424
422
411
441
394
410
396
404
399
403
388
396
384

4.6
5.4
2.3
4.5
0.9
0.8
1.5
1.3
1.0
-0.1
2.4
-1.7
-0.9
2.8
0.1
1.8
m
-0.2
-1.4
-0.9
-2.2
0.1
-1.1
-0.5
0.0
0.7
-1.3
1.9
0.7
0.1
1.6
0.5
-0.3
1.1
-0.1
-0.3
1.1
-2.8
1.0
1.2
3.7
0.5
7.6
4.1
1.1
m
0.4
m
0.8
1.1
3.1
-7.8
1.1
5.0
-1.8
-1.0
4.1
1.2
-1.6
3.8
-0.3
3.0
12.0
2.3
5.2

580
551
555
523
538
521
547
525
515
522
541
545
525
526
505
524
528
506
521
522
514
498
516
508
499
514
478
502
491
495
489
494
496
486
471
497
496
485
494
491
470
467
445
463
439
438
446
448
425
444
445
420
415
410
416
429
397
405
406
398
409
399
384
382
373

1.8
3.3
2.1
-1.5
2.6
1.6
2.6
0.4
0.6
-0.5
1.5
-3.0
-1.5
4.6
-0.8
1.4
m
-0.8
-0.9
2.3
-0.8
0.4
-2.5
-1.0
0.6
-0.1
-2.0
2.0
0.9
1.3
2.5
3.0
1.3
1.0
-2.7
1.4
1.3
-3.1
-1.6
-0.3
2.8
-1.1
1.5
6.4
3.4
m
2.0
m
8.1
3.9
1.1
-1.4
0.9
-0.3
-2.1
-0.6
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.2
-2.1
1.8
5.4
-1.9
1.3

1. Footnote by Turkey: The information in this document with reference to “Cyprus” relates to the southern part of the Island. There is no single authority representing both Turkish
and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Turkey recognises the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of
the United Nations, Turkey shall preserve its position concerning the “Cyprus issue”.
2. Footnote by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Union: The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members of the United Nations with
the exception of Turkey. The information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
The annualised change is the average annual change in PISA score points from a country’s/economy’s earliest participation in PISA to PISA 2012. It is calculated taking into
account all of a country’s/economy’s participation in PISA.
Note: Countries/economies in which the annualised change in performance is statistically significant are marked in bold.
Countries and economies are ranked in descending order of the mean mathematics score in PISA 2012.
Source: OECD, PISA 2012 Database; Tables I.2.1a, I.2.1b, I.2.3a, I.2.3b, I.4.3a, I.4.3b, I.5.3a and I.5.3b.

PISA 2012 RESULTS IN FOCUS  © OECD 2013

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