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od &onf /
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av;od ef ;0ef ;usi f cef Y t xduk ef us
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t aumi f; a0zefoHk;oyfNyD;awmh
b, fvkdt aMumi f;jyefrvJqkdwm
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onf / , i f ;ui f r&mrsm;ud k w&m;
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vsuf &S d &mvuf &S d t csd ef wG i fvl aygi f ;
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ay:cJhNyD; or®wbm&Smt , fvft mquf
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rI aMumi f hwl &uD 0ef BuD ;csKyf u wH k Y jyef &ef0ef
rav;[ k&mZoH ay;jci f ;jzi f h&ef yG m;cJ h onf /
odkYaomft ajct aeonft jri fhqHk;odkY
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ppf a&;wi f ;rmrIBuD ;xG m;cJ h onf / aemuf yd k i f ;
KIA t ay:xdk;ppfBuD;rsm; jyi f;xefvmNyD;
avaMumi f ; xd k ;ppf BuD ;rsm; jyKvk yf um2013
ckESpfZefe0g&DvwGi for®wOD;odef;pdefu
vdki fZmXmecsKyfonfrdrdwdkY\ wyfrsm;ESi fh
vuf wpf urf ;t uG mwG i f&d S aeNyD ; , i f ;Xme
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vkyf&eft rdefYay;xm;NyDjzpfaMumi f; ajym
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vG ef cJ h aomt wd wf umv 1966^1967
ck ES pf wd k Y wG i fþ uJ h od k YN*d K[ f rsm; azmuf jyef oG m;
vmrI BuH KcJ h &mxd k pOfEd k i f i H a&; rS wf wrf ;t csKd U
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aygi f; 47 ESpfodkYwdki fa&mufcJh&mt qdkyg
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wk vuf euf rsm; yd k i f qd k i f xm;Muonf / t jcm;
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rvm;?t D &ef ES i f ht pö a&;wd k Y uyJzef wD ;rvm;?
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wpf csd ef wnf ;?wpf Nyd Ki f wnf ; umvwpf ck
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jci f ;cH vd k uf NyD ; Ed k 0i f bm6 &uf wG i f' k wd ,
or® wouf wrf ; xyf rH a&G ;aumuf cH &aom
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razmf jy&efawmi f ;qd k cJ h onf /
]uRef rwd k Yt &rf ;aMumuf w, f / ol wd k Y
u owf csi f &i f vnf ; owf vd k Y &w, f / ol wd k Y
vk yf csi f wmvk yf vd k Y &w, f / uRef rwd k Y ud kbmrS
r[ k wf wJ h t &mvd kcH pm;&at mi fcsKd ;ES d rf Mu
w, f }[ kxd k t rsKd ;orD ;BuD ;u ajymcJ h onf /
t ci f ;jzpf yG m;csd ef u xd k ae&ma' owG i f
r&S d cJ h aom?ryg0i f cJ h aomol rsm;ud k ygzrf ;qD ;
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wnf ;ae t d rf wd k i f ;rSaqG rsKd ;om;csi f ;rsm;rS m
t jypf r&S d bJt zrf ;cH ae&onf /
]ol wd k Y t d rf xJ 0i f NyD ; t m;vH k ;zsuf qD ;Mu
w, f / uRef rwd k Y oH k ;wJ hyef ;uef jym;wpf csyf
awmi frcsefbl;/ t ukef½dkufcsKd;w, f/
t ouf(30)t &G , fuRef rom; ud k bqm;ud k
zrf;oGm;Muw, f}[ ka' :cgwGefu ajym
onf /
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ud k bqm;ud kw&G wf wd k ufqJ G xk wf vmum
aoewf' i fjzi fht csufrsm;pGm½dkufESuf
aMumi f ;?ol Y t arES i f h ZeD ;u i d k , k d awmi f ;yef
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umx&yf um;ay:od k Yt rd I uf uJ h od k YvT i f h ypf
wi fac:aqmi foGm;onfudkjri faMumi f;
t d rf eD ;csi f ; OD ;El ;&f rmruf u xG uf qd k onf /
t zrf;cH&NyD;aemuf½dkuful;x m;aom
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aomf14 rd k i f a0;aom&mZ0wf t usOf ;om;
rsm;xm;&mbl ;oD ;awmi f axmi f od k Yyd k Y cJ h onf /
]uRefrom;udkMunfhzdkYoGm;cJhw, f/
axmi f a&muf NyD ;ES pf ywf t MumuRef ra&muf
awmhuRef rud kawG UcG i f h ray;bJarmi f ;xk wf
w, f / uRef rom;aoNyD vd k Yol wd k Y u ajymw, f }
[ ka' :cgwG ef u yg;jyi f ay: rsuf &nf rsm; &T J pd k
usum0rf ;enf ;aMuuJ G pG majymjyonf /
vG wf vyf aomvl Y t cG i f h t a&;t ajc
jyKok awoD t zJ G Ut m&uef ya&m*suf' g½d k uf
wmrpö c&pf vJ 0g;u &cd k i f jynf e, f &S drw&m;
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onf /
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xG uf qd k csuf t ay: t ajccH wG uf csuf xm;
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bmom&cd k i f t usOf ;om;rsm;ES i f haxmi f 0ef
xrf ;rsm;u t ouf u, f aq;uk orI rar;bJ
ypf xm;Muonf /
rpöwmui fwm;em;&&Sdx m;aom
t usOf;om;aoqHk;EIef;rSmrpöv J0g;\
wG uf csuf rI ES i f hxyf wl usonf / Mo*k wf vu
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t cgu axmi f t ajct aewd k ;wuf aumi f ;
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&mrsm;ok d Yajymi f ;a&T Uxm;aMumi f ; cd k i f vH k aom
owi f ;rsm;t &od &onf /
&cd k i f jynf e, f ajrmuf yd k i f ;wG i faexd k i f
Muol t rsm;pk rS mrG wf pvi f rsm;jzpf Muonf /
AdkvfcsKyfvSodef;t qdkt &&cdki fjynfe, f
t Murf ;zuf rI rsm;t wG i f ; rG wf pvi f147 OD ;
ES i f hAk ' ¨ bmom58 OD ; aoqH k ;onf [ kod &
onf /
½dk[ i f*smrsm;rSmt Murf;zufcH&qHk;
aomom;aumi frsm;jzpfonfomru
oH o, xm; pG yf pJ G t zrf ;cH &olt rsm;pk vnf ;
jzpf ayonf / vl Y t cG i f h t a&;t zJ G Ursm;?w&m;
½Hk;?&JESi fht jcm;t mP mydki frsm;rS&&Sdonfh
owi f ;t csuf t vuf rsm;t &t Murf ;zuf rI
rsm;aMumi f h½d k [ i f *smrG wf pvi f wpf axmi f cef Y
ES i f hAk ' ¨ bmom260cef Y ud kzrf ;qD ;xm;aMumi f ;
od &onf /
rpövJ0g;t qdkt &½dk[ i f*sm900
ausmfudk½Hk;xkwfppfaq;cJhNyD; Mo*kwfv
t ci f;jzpfyGm;rIt wGufoHk;ODudkao' P f
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axmi f' P fcsrSwfcJhaMumi f;?rD;½dIUonf[ k
pJ G csuf wi f cH &ol rsm;ud koH k ;ES pf rS10 ES pf t xd
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onf /
w&m;cHbufrSx kacsajymqdkrnfh
a&S Uaersm;r&S d jci f ;ES i f hrd om;pk 0i f rsm;?pum;
jyef rsm;ryg&S d bJwpf zuf owf jypf ' P fcsrS wf
cJ h Mu&onf / rpö wmui f wm;em;t qd k t &
t csKd Uud kt pk vd k uft NyH Kvd k ufwpf cgwnf ;
w&m;pD &i f jypf ' P f csrS wf onf [ kod &onf /
]' DvdkpD&i fcsufcspDrHvkyfudki fjci f;rsKd;
b, f w&m;Oya' ?b, f pD &i f xH k ;rS mrSrawG U
zl;ygbl;/ pepfuscdki frmrIr&SdwJhyHkpHrsKd;yg/
pD &i f csuf t rsm;pk rS mwpf OD ;csi f ;pD ud kb, f
jypf rI aMumi f hb, f vd k jypf ' P f owf rS wf w, f
qd k wmwd wd ususaoaocsmcsmrawG U&yg
bl ;}[ k rS wf csuf ay;cJ h onf / xd k t ajct aewG i f
jref rmt pd k ;&u t ar&d uef \ yd wf qd k Y ' P f
cwfrIESi fh&i fqdki f&Edki fzG, f&Sdvmonfudk
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t Murf;zufrIjzpfpOfrsm;t wGi f; &ufpuf
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onf /
epuud kzsuf od rf ;vd k uf onf h t wG uf
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pd ef t pd k ;&u epu t zJ G U0i f rsm;ud krnf od k Y
rnf yH kw&m;pD &i f onf ud kxk wf azmf ajymqd k
jci f ;r&S d cJ h yg/ vl Y t cG i f h t a&;wuf <uvI yf &S m;
olrsm;ESi fh½dk[ i f*smrsm;u epursm;udk
t jcm;aomXmeqd k i f &mrsm;od k Ya&T Uajymi f ;
cef Y t yf vd k uf onf [ kcef Y rS ef ;Muonf /
at yD owi f ;Xme oG m;a&muf owi f ;
, l pOf u epu t rS wf wH qd yf ygaoewf ud k i f
aqmi f xm;aomppf om;wpf OD ;u jref rm
xdyfwef;t &m&SdwpfOD;t m; apmi fha&Smuf
v dkufygay;aeonfudkawGUcJh&onf/
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xm;aom&J ES i f hv0u ppf aq;a&;t zJ G Uopf
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pnf ;vH k ;rI &S d &efpd k ;&d rf aeaMumi f ; t pd k ;&t &m&S d
rsm;\ t qd k t &od &onf /
]ol wd k Y u , ci fepuawG eJ YruG mbl ;/
t wl wl yJ / vG wf ajrmuf zd k YvH k ;0pd wf rul ;eJ Y }[ k
t ci f ;jzpf yG m;&maus;&G mt k yf csKyf a&;rS L; Ak ' ¨
bmom0i fOD ;bxG ef ;at mi f ud k , f wd k i f½d k [ i f
*sm&G mom;rsm;ud kajymcJ h onf /
t opf zJ G Upnf ;xm;aomt zJ G U0i f rsm;
wGi f½dk[ i f*smrsm;udkemrnfysufpm&i f;
xnf h xm;NyD ; t rk ef ;BuD ;rk ef ;aeaomol rsm;ES i f h
t m;jznf h xm;aMumi f ;?½d k [ i f *smrsm;ud kvuf
xyf cG i f hyd wf yi f xm;NyD ; uav;ES pf a, muf om
arG ;cG i f h uef Y owf xm;aMumi f ;?t pd k ;&w&m;
0i fcGi fhjyKcsufrygbJvkyfaqmi faMumi f;?
ynmoi fMum;cGi fhESi fhusef;rma&;apmi fh
a&S muf rI rsm;uJ h od k Yt ajccH t csuf rsm;ud k yi f
vk yf yd k i f cG i f hray;aMumi f ; OD ;bxG ef ;at mi f u
ajymonf/ t Murf;zufrIrsm;rjzpfci fu
vH k NcH Ka&;0ef xrf ;rsm;rS m, ck uJ h od k YMurf ;MuKwf
&uf puf jci f ;rsKd ;r&S d cJ h [ k½d k [ i f *smt csKd Uu qd k
onf / a' :El ;&f *sef uJ h od k Yrk qd k ;rwpf OD ;t zd k Y u
vG wf &mvrf ;rjri ft v’ mt &S i f ac:rnf h &uf
ud k omapmi f h arQmf &i f ; . . . . /
Ref: When mob was Rohingya, Myanmar's
response ruthless. by Robin Mcdowell
zuf'&, f. . .rStquf
rMumao;ci f u NyD ;pD ;oG m;wJ hcsi f ;rk d i faqG ;aEG ;yG J rS mvnf ; UNFC eJ Y
jynf wG i f ;u Ek d i f i H a&;ygwDacgi f ;aqmi f yd k i f ;awG t Mum; zuf ' &, f jynf axmi f pk
jzpf vmEk d i f a&; t aMumi f ;awG ud k vnf ; t om;ay;aqG ;aEG ;cJ hMuygw, f /
wyfrawmf&JUt "du&mxl;BuD;BuD;awGrSmwdki f;&i f;om;awGae&m
vH k ;0r&wmeJ Yywf ouf NyD ;&cd k i f wk d i f ;&i f ;om;rsm; wd k ;wuf a&;ygwD &J UOuú |
a' guf wmat ;armi f u ajymygw, f /
]]zuf ' &, f wyf rawmf vd k Y yJ ajymajym?jynf axmi f pk wyf rawmf vd k Y yJajym
ajym?t "d uuawmhuRef awmf wd k YEk d i f i H ud k jynfaxmi f pk t aeeJ YzG J Upnf ;r, f qd k &i f
t "d u jzpf wJ h t pd k ;&wd k Y?vuf euf ud k i f t zG J Ut pnf ;wd k YawG rS mwd k i f ;&i f ;om;t m;vH k ;
yg0i f Ek d i f at mi fjynf axmi f pk t , l t qav;awGyg0i f ap csi f ygw, f / NyD ;cJ h wJ h
ES pf aygi f ; 60 ud k Munf h &i fuRef awmf wd k Y wd k i f ;&i f ;om;awGvuf n§ d K;xd k ;wmu
Armwyf rawmf ?Armt pd k ;&qd k NyD ; ajymMuwm/ wyf rawmf acgi f ;aqmi f awG ud k
jyef Munf h &i f vnf ; Ad k vf rS L;BuD ; t qi f h xdwd k i f ;&i f ;om;awGrwuf bl ;As}}vd k Y
a' guf wmat ;armi f uajymygw, f /
wyf rawmf umuG , f a&;OD ;pD ;csKyf [ mjref rmvl rsKd ;wi f rubJwk d i f ;&i f ;
om;awG vnf ;jzpf oi f h w, f vd k Y½I jri f wJ h t aMumi f ; ol uquf ajymygw, f /
]]uRefawmfwdki f;&i f;om;awGbufuvnf; jrefrmudkrkef;wmu
t aMumi f ;rJ h awmhr[ k wf bl ;As/ t k yf csKyf wJ h yk *¾ d Kvf awG &J Ut , l t qrS m;awG
aMumi f h jzpf ygw, f / ' gaMumi f hvnf ; jref rmawG t ay:rS mwk d i f ;&i f ;om; awG u
rk ef ;wmaygh / t "d uvuf euf ud k i ft zG J Uqd k wJ h t zG J Ujzpf wJ hwyf rawmf qd k wmr&S d
rjzpf vd k t yf w, f / t jcm;wk d i f ;&i f ;om;awG uvnf ; jynf axmi f pk yH k pH eJ Yum
uG , f csi f wmaygh / t J ' D vd k jzpf zd k Yt qi f h wd k i f ;rS m, S Of Nyd Ki f zd k Y ?wm0ef , l csi f Muwmaygh /
jref rmBuD ;yJjzpf r aeapcsi f awmh bl ;Asm/ jref rmonf vnf ; aumi f ;?ucsi f onf
vnf aumi f ;?&ck d i f onf vnf ;aumi f ;?rG ef onf vnf ;aumi f ;?u&i f onf
vnf;aumi f; t &nft csi f;&Sd&i fumuG, fa&;OD;pD;csKyfjzpfoi fhw, faygh/
t qi f h qi f h aygh Asm}}vd k Y qd k ygw, f /
jynf axmi f pkjref rmEk d i f i H ppf ppf jzpfvmNyD qd k &i fjref rmEk d i f i H ud k0d k i f ;umuG , f
zd k Ywd k i f ;&i f ;om;awG rS mvnf ; wm0ef &S d NyD ; t ck csd ef rS mt m;vH k ;0k d i f ;wG ef ;zd k Yvd k aeNyD
vd k Y&S rf ;wd k i f ;&i f ;om;rsm; ' D rd k ua&pD t zG J UcsKyfOuú | OD ;cG ef xG ef ;OD ;uajymygw, f /
]]Ad k vf csKyf *G rf armfajymoG m;ovd k ayghAsm/ wyf rawmf xJ rS mwk d i f ;&i f ;om;
awG ygzd k Y aygh Asm/ Ad k vf rS L;csKyf t qi f h ausmf NyD ;awmhwd k i f ;&i f ;om;awG u ae&m
r&bl ;aygh Asm/ &mxl ;u rwuf bl ;aygh Asm/ wk d i f ;&i f ;om; awG t &nf t csi f ;&S d &i f
umuG, fa&;OD;pD;csKyfxdjzpfoi fhwmayghAsm/ ' guvnf; rQwygw, fAsm/
t m;vH k ;uwd k i f ;jynf ud k0k d i f ;umuG , f MurS myJ avAsm/ wyf uvl wpf pkt wG uf yJ
jzpf aevd k Y r&bl ;aygh Asm/ zuf ' &, fwyf rawmf ud k' gaMumi f h vd k vm;wmaygh Asm/
zuf' &, fjzpfzdkYzGJUpnf;yHkygjyi f&rSmyg/ t a&;BuD;wJht csdefa&mufvmNyD;
t m;vH k ;0d k i f ;wG ef ;rSjzpf r, f vd k Y ajymcsi f ygw, f }}vd k Y ajymygw, f / urÇ may:rS m
zuf' &, fwyfrawmfeJYzGJUpnf;xm;aomwyfrawmfrsm;pGm&SdNyD; t ar&d
uef jynf axmi f pk eJ Yjynf axmi f pkor® w*smreD Ek d i f i H wd k Y [ myx0D t aet xm;
ud kt ajccH xm;wJ hjynf axmi f pk t zG J U0i f Ek d i f i H awG jzpf ygw, f / jynf axmi f pk
wyf rawmf ud kzG J Upnf ;xm;rS mjynf e, f awG u vuf euf ud k i fwyf zG J UawG ud k
vd k t yf wJ h t csd ef rS mpepf wuspk zG J Uwm?A[ d k t pd k ;&\ t rd ef Y ay;rI at mufwG i f
umuG , f a&;wm0ef xrf ;aqmi f zd k Y awGpepf wusvk yf aqmi f xm;wmjzpf yg
w, f /
wd k i f ;&i f ;om;awG &J Uawmi f ;qd k rI awG&S d vmwJ hjref rmEk d i f i H rS mvnf ; b, f
t csdefrSmzuf' &, fwyfrawmfwpf&yft oGi fay:vmrvJqdkwmuawmh
apmi f h Munf &r, h ft aet xm;rS m&S d ao;w, f vd k YEk d i f i H a&; avh vmoH k ;oyf ol
awG u ajymqd k aeMuwmjzpf ygw, f /
Edki fi Hwum
t wJG( 1 ) ?t r Swf( 4 9 )
w e *Fa EG?1 ?' DZi fb m? 2 0 1 3
28 enf;ynm
t jyma&mi f t vi f ;ud k Munf h
jci f ;onf uzd ef ;uJ h od k Y OD ;aES muf ud k
vef ;qef ;aponf [ k rMumao;rD
ujyKvk yf cJ h aomok awoersm;wG i f
&SmazGawGU&SdcJhonf/ Mid Sweden
wuú od k vf rS ok awoD rsm;onf
t jyma&mi f ud k Munf h jci f ;ES i f h uzd ef ;
"mwf wd k Y \ OD ;aES muf t ay: t usd K;
oufa&mufyHkrsm;udk EdIi f;, SOfprf;
oyfrIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhMuonf/t jym
a&mi f onfOD ;aES muf ud kvef ;qef ;
apjci f ;?rS wf ÓP f aumi f ;rG ef jci f ;ES i f h
zswf vwf jref qef aomwH k Y jyef rI rsm;
t wG uft aygi f ;vu© P mt usd K;&S d
aponf [ kqd k onf /od k Y aomf rt d yf rD
prwf zk ef ; ?Tablet rsm;rS t vi f ;ud k
Munf h í t oH k ;jyKjci f ;onfcE¨ mud k , f
t wG i f ; t d yf csd efRhythm ud k xd ef ;nd §
ay;aom a[ mf rk ef ;wpf rsd K;jzpf onf h
mel at oni n t xGufenf;at mi f
[ ef Y wm;jci f ;jzi f h t d yf a&;ysuf rI rsm;
jzpf ay:apEd k i f onf /
xd k t csd ef wG i f t jyma&mi f ud k
Munf h jci f ;rS mvnf ; OD ;aES muf t wG uf
aumi f ;aomt usd K;r&S d ay/ xd k Y jyi f
rsufpdrjri f&aom vlrsm;wGi fyi f
t jyma&mi faeY pOf xd awG Uay;ygu
rS wf ÓP f aumi f ;aponf [ k qd k
onf / t jyma&mi f t vi f ;onf
aq;ynmukx Hk;rsm;wGi fv nf;
t oH k ; 0i f onf /
t jyma&mi f t vi f ;jyjci f ;jzi f h
yg;pyf ES i f hwH awG ;t wG i f ;&S d Auf wD ;
&D ;, m;rsm;ud k aoapEd k i f NyD ; yg;pyf
t eH Y qd k ;rsm; aysmuf ui f ;jci f ;ES i f hoG m;
rsm;ud k jzLapEd k i f onf h t usd K;rsm;
vnf ;&S d onf [ k od &onf /
Ref-DM?ausmf ol &
urÇ mES i f h t vi f ;ES pf3 ' or
7 bDvD, Ht uGmwGi f ordki f;wpf
avQmuf t BuD ;rm;qH k ;Gamma a&mi f
jcnf ayguf uG J rI jzpf yG m;cJ h aMumi f ;
eu© wf ynm&S i f rsm;u ajymMum;
onf / emqmw, f vD puk yf rS t qd k yg
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n 8;30em&D csD a, Ad k d k- vD aAmf Ed k
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n 9;00em&D a[ mh zef [ d rf ; - 0g' gb&D ri f
n 9;00em&D rd ef Y Zf - a' h gref
n 9;00em&D [ mombmvi f- at mh pf bwf
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n 11;00em&D *vuf bwf- z½d k i f ;bwf
y&D ;rD ;, m;vd *f yJ G pOf (13)
pyd ef vmvD *gyG J pOf (15)
t D wvD pD ;&D ;at yG J pOf (14)
*smref bG ef ' uf pf vD *gyJ G pOf (14)
30-11-2013(paeaeY )
30-11-2013(paeaeY )
30-11-2013(paeaeY )
1-12-2013(we*F aEG aeY )
1-12-2013(we*F aEG aeY )
2-12-2013(wevF maeY )
1-12-2013(we*F aEG aeY )
2-12-2013(wevF maeY )
3-12-2013(t *F gaeY )
30-11-2013(paeaeY )
1-12-2013(we*F aEG aeY )
à csJ vf qD ;enf ;jy armf &i f [ k d u vmrnf h ' D Zi f bmvwG i f upm;&rnf h
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qD ;t oi f ;onf' D Zi f bmvwG i faqmuf orf wef ?qef ;' g;vef ;?
pwk wf pD ;wD ;?pwl t mbl cg&uf (csef yD , H vd *f )?c&pö w, f yJ avh pf ?
qef ;' g;vef ;(vd *f zvm;)?t mqi f e, f ?qG rf qD ;?vD Amyl ;wd k Y ES i f h
upm;&rnf jzpf onf /
à b&mZD ;enf ;jy pud k vm&D u t oi f ;wG i fxd yf wef ;upm;orm;
rsm; yd k i f qd k i f xm;ovd kt d rf &S i f vnf ;jzpf aejci f ;aMumi f h2014
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vd k uf onf /
à ref, luGi f;v, fupm;orm; ½dGKi f, ef*pfu vuf&Sdt csdefwGi f
t mqi fe, ft oi f;rSmy&D;rD;, m;v d*ft rSwfay;Z, m;udk
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vnf ; ref , l t oi f ;ud k arh xm;vQi frS m;oG m;rnf jzpf aMumi f ; qd k cJ h
onf /
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vd k aMumi f ; zG i f h [ cJ h onf / 0D &S D &D onf, ck ES pf &moD wG i ft mqi f
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wG ef ;xm;onf /
à t m&S abmvH k ;t zJ G UcsKyf t aejzi f hES pf pOf vl rI a&;xl ;cRef qk (AFC
Drean Asia Award)ud kcsD ;jr§ i f h cJ h &m2013 ck ES pf t wG ufyP mr
i g;ae&mpm&i f ;wG i fjref rmEd k i f i H abmvH k ;t zJ G UcsKyfyg0i f vmcJ h onf /
jref rmEd k i f i HabmvH k ;t zJ G UcsKyf onfqef cgwi f i g;ae&mwG i f*syef ?
awmi f ud k &D ;, m;?umwm?a*smf ' ef wd k Y ES i f hyg0i f aejci f ;jzpf onf /
t wJG( 1 ) ?t r Swf( 4 9 )
w e *Fa EG?1 ?' DZi fb m? 2 0 1 3
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t ef ' gref ed pf rsKd ;EG , f pk
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t ef ' gref ed pf rsKd ;EG , f pk rS mxl ;jcm;aomrsKd ;EG , f pk jzpf um t ef ' gref uRef ;ü
aexdki faomusefywf0ef;usi ft odki f;t 0dki f;ESi fhqufqHrIr&SdbJoD;oefY
aexk d i f vsuf &S d onf / t ef ' gref ed pf rsKd ;EG , fpk wG i fi g;pk &S d umvuf &S d umvwG i f
vl OD ;a&500ausmf omusef &S d awmh onf / t qd k ygrsKd ;EG , f pk rS mvG ef cJ h aom
ES pf aygi f ; rsm;pG muwnf ;u &S d cJ h um18&mpk wG i fvl rsKd ;pk t jyi f buf rSvl rsm;ES i f h
qufqHcJhzl;aomfv nf; aemufydki f;ü qufqHrIr&SdawmhbJoD;oefY
aexd k i f cJ h onf / , i f ;rsKd ;EG , f pk rsm;\ , Of aus;rI ?aexd k i f rI yH k pH rS mxl ;jcm;vS um
awmeuf t wG i f ; t rJ vd k uf í &S i f oef aexd k i fovd kt csi f ;csi f ;vnf ; quf qH rI
enf ;yg;onf / t mz&d ujyi f ya' orSt d Ed ´ , ES i f ht a&S Uawmi f t m&S a' ood k Y
a&muf &S d vmumvl yk rsm;vnf ; jzpf Muonf /
yD ½l ;rsKd ;EG , f pk
yD ½l ;Ed k i f i H t wG i f ;&S doD ;oef Y xl ;jcm;aomrsKd ;EG , f pk rsm;ud k2006 ck ES pf ü
pwi f awG U&S d cJ honf / *d k t mrsKd ;EG , f pk rS mrsKd ;EG , f pk rsm;t eufxl ;jcm;NyD ; 18 &mpk
~~_ .~ q .,~: ~. . ~ _.· ._e· q · ., .,_~._ . ,· .~ . · ,~
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vkyfaqmi favh&Sdonf/ ydki feufjzpfaomt arZkefawmt eD; a&muf&Sd
vmol rsm;ud kwd k uf cd k uf rI rsm; jyKvk yf avh &S d onf / qd k ;oG rf ;rI rsm;&S d aomf vnf ;
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vi f h pi f rsm;xd k ;umaexd k i f ovd k*l rsm;t wG i f ;aexd k i f aeqJjzpf onf / vl t rsm;
awG UvQi f vnf ; a&S mi f yk ef ;rI rsm; vk yf avh &S d onf /
t arZk ef awmt wG i f ; rsKd ;EG , f pk rsm;
t arZk ef awmt wG i f ;üt rnf owf rS wf rI r&S d aomrsKd ;EG , f pk rsm;&S d aeqJ
jzpf umwcsKd UrsKd ;EG , f pk rS mowå 0grsm;ud kcspf ci f ovd kwcsKd UrsKd ;EG , f pk rS mt rJ
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. ~ . .¸:. _.¸. . .,. _e. ._ . ,· .~ . : . ..:· ..:~. · .~ . . .
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ouf qd k i f &mt pd k ;&ES i f hrywf ouf ovd kt pd k ;&uvnf ; zd t m;ay;rI rjyKvk yf
aMumi f ; avh vmol rsm;u a&;om;xm;onf /
t m0g*G g*smrsKd ;EG , f pk
t m0g*G g*smrsKd ;EG , f pk rS mvG ef cJ h aomES pfaygi f ;rsm;pG muyi fb&mZD ;Ed k i f i H
t arZk ef awmt wG i f ; oD ;oef Y aexd k i f cJ h ol rsm; jzpf onf / aemuf yd k i f ;wG i f
rsKd ;EG , f pk rsm;\ wd k uf cd k uf rI aMumi f hvl rsKd ;pk t i f t m; enf ;yg;vmcJ h onf / 19
&mpk t wG i f ;ü wd k uf cd k uf rIt rsm;qH k ;jzpf cJ h NyD ; e, f vk rI rsm;aMumi f haoqH k ;
. q._ . ,· .~ . : .~:~~ · . ~. . ~ _.· . .. . ..¸:. .:.. .. _e·
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,· .~ . : ~¡·~ _._ . , . . .¸:.~ · .q:~ .~. .q ..:· .q . .~:~ .
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umawmt wG i f ;&S i f oef aexd k i f rI t wd k i f ; &S d aeqJ jzpf &mt pd k ;&uvnf ; ul nD
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0i f t csi f ;csi f ;vnf ; oD ;oef Y aexd k i fumrMumcP wd k uf cd k uf rI rsm;vk yf aqmi f NyD ;
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jzpf ygw, f /
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awmMuuf ?i H k ;?csKd ; pwJ hwd &pä mef rsm;vnf ; rS D wi f ; aexd k i f Muygw, f /
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