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Table 4.

3 Comparison between Vapour Compression Chillers and Vapour Absorption Chiller ( H2O / LiBr

S. No (

Parameters !e$ri#eration Temp. !an#e (Brine / )ater

Vapour Compression Chillers !e"ipro"atin# *+ to ,3- oC Centri$u#al *+ to ,- oC %"rew *+ to ,2. oC

Vapour Absorption Chiller H2O / LiBr %in#le &$$e"t 'ouble &$$e"t Hal$ &$$e"t Triple &$$e"t

Abo/e 0 oC Heat (%team / Hot Heat (%team / Hot Heat (%team Heat (Hot )ater )ater / Hot )ater / Hot Oil/ /Hot Oil /'ire"t Oil/'ire"t 3ired 'ire"t 3ired 3ired 4inimum 6.oC 4inimum (3-oC 4inimum ..oC 4inimum (7-oC

2 &ner#1 2nput Heat 2nput Temp. !an#e ,4a5imum ,4inimum Typical Energy to TR Ratio 4 Air Conditionin# Temp. !an#e %ub9ero Temp. !an#e . !e$ri#erant 0 Absorbent Typical single unit capacity range + Air Condition temp. ran#e %ub9ero temp. ran#e

&le"tri"it1

&le"tri"it1

&le"tri"it1

-.+,-.7 8)/T! (.2. to 2.. 8)/T! !((:!(23:!(34a Ammonia ,,,,,,

-.03 8)/T! ,,,,, !22: !(2 ,,,,,,

-.0. 8)/T! (.2. to 2.. 8)/T! !22: !(34a Ammonia ,,,,,,

.--- 8"al/T! ,,,,, ;ure )ater )ater,LiBr solution

2.+. 8"al/T! ,,,,, ;ure )ater )ater,LiBr solution

+.-- 8"al/T! ,,,,, ;ure )ater )ater,LiBr solution

2--- 8"al/T! ,,,,, ;ure )ater )ater,LiBr solution

(,(.- T! (-,.- T!

3-- T! < abo/e ,,,,,,

.-,2-- T! .-,2-- T!

3- T! < abo/e ,,,,,

3- T! < abo/e 3- T! < abo/e .- T! < abo/e ,,,,, ,,,,, ,,,,,

S. No 6

Parameters T1pi"al CO; at ;art Load upto .-= T1pi"al 2nternal ;ressure Le/els ,Low >Hi#h T1pi"al 2nternal Temp. Le/els

Vapour Compression Chillers !e"ipro"atin# !edu"es at part load -.(.,-.4- bar a (.2-,(..- bar a ,2. to .-oC Centri$u#al !edu"es at part load 2..,3.. bar a ((,(2 bar ,. to .-oC %"rew 2mpro/es b1 (.,2-= 2,... bar (6,2- bar ,2. to .-oC

Vapour Absorption Chiller H2O / LiBr %in#le &$$e"t 'ouble &$$e"t Hal$ &$$e"t Triple &$$e"t

4ar#inal 2mpro/ement at ;art Load .,0 mm H# (abs .,0 mm H# (abs .,0 mm H# (abs 3+-,37- mm H# 0-,+- mm H# 0-,+- mm H# (abs (abs (abs *4 to +.oC *4 to *(3-oC *4 to (3-oC .,0 mm H# (abs 2 8#/"m2 (a *4 to (0-oC

Typical Cooling tower capacity range per 100 TR of chillers (,Air "onditionin# Temp. !an#e , %ub9ero temp. ran#e (3(7(2,,,,, (2(020,,, 2-,,, 3+,,, (+,,,

Typical Make-up water quantity range in Ltrs/Hr (( ,Air Conditionin# temp. ran#e ,%ub9ero temp. ran#e Material of construction ,?enerator ,Absorber (2 ,&/aporator ,Condenser ,%olution Heat &5"han#e ,%olution ;ump ,!e$ri#erant pump ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, Copper / Carbon steel ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, Cu,@i or %tainless %teel Cu,@i Cu,@i Cu,@i Carbon %teel Cast 2ron / Hermati"all1 %ealed (Canned motor t1pe Cast 2ron / Hermati"all1 %ealed (Canned motor t1pe 0+2 763 02,,, 0263(34. ,,, (-3. ,,, (7(4 ,,, 66,,,

S. No

Parameters

Vapour Compression Chillers !e"ipro"atin# Centri$u#al 2.,3- 1ears ;eriodi" Compressor O/erhaul Tube !epla"ement a$ter (,(2 1ears %"rew

Vapour Absorption Chiller H2O / LiBr %in#le &$$e"t 'ouble &$$e"t Hal$ &$$e"t Triple &$$e"t

(3 &5pe"ted Li$e (4 (. @ormall1 &5pe"ted !epairs / 4aintenan"e 3a"tor1 Assembled pa"8a#ed Or %ite Assembled Low "ost &le"tri"it1

(.,2- 1ears Tube !epla"ement due to Corrosion 3a"tor1 Assembled

(0 Bene$i"ial &ner#1 %our"es

Low "ost &le"tri"it1

Low "ost &le"tri"it1

a )aste Heat b Low "ost steam / Low "ost $uels

(+ Criti"al ;arameters

,&le"tri"it1 suppl1

Lubri"ation %1stem ,Compressor Operation < 4aintenan"e ,&le"tri"al ;ower ;anel 4aintenan"e

,,,,

a b " d e $ #

Va"uum in Chiller ;ur#e %1stem $or Va"uum Corrosion 2nhibitors in Absorbent %ur$a"tants in Absorbent Coolin# )ater Treatment Coolin# )ater Temperature Heat %our"e Temperature

4. HVAC AND REFRIGERATI N S!STE"


REFERENCES Bureau o$ &ner#1 &$$i"ien"1
(. Te"hnolo#1 4enu on &ner#1 &$$i"ien"1 (@;C 2. A%H!A& Hand Boo8 3. @;C Case %tudies Vendor 2n$ormation (Source : Ashrae & Vendor Information)