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Unit 4 - Test

(Sections 4-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)

Good Luck to:_______________________________ Hour:______ Geometry

Directions: Make sure to show all your work on the problems that require work. When you are asked to write a written response, make sure you use proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Word Bank
acute triangle adjacent angles alternate-interior angles angle bisector base of isosceles triangle biconditional bisector collinear complementary conclusion conditional congruent congruent polygons conjecture converse coplanar corresponding angles counterexample decagon equiangular equilateral exterior angle heptagon hexagon hypothesis hypotenuse inductive reasoning isosceles legs of isosceles triangle line linear pair midpoint nonagon obtuse angle obtuse octagon parallel pentagon perpendicular perpendicular bisector plane point polygon quadrilateral reciprocal regular remote-interior angles right angle right triangle same-side interior angles scalene triangle slope slope-intercept form space standard form straight angle supplementary transversal triangle vertex angle of isosceles triangle vertical angles x -intercept y -intercept

#1-8 1)

Fill in the blank with the best possible answer. Two polygons are congruent if their corresponding ________________ and ________________ are equal in measure. The ____________________ is the longest side of a right triangle. An ________________ triangle has two congruent sides. An ________________ triangle has one angle greater than ninety degrees. Coplanar lines that never intersect are ________________. Vertical angles are ALWAYS Isosceles triangles have . congruent sides. .

2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9)

Alternate-Interior angles are only congruent when lines are If SAT GRE, complete each statement below. (Hint: Draw a picture) (a) S _______ (b) GR _______ (c) E _______ (d) AT _______ (e) GE _______ (f) R _______

#10-11 Draw Mark and Label a triangle to match the following descriptions below. 10) ABC is an obtuse isosceles triangle 11) XYZ is an obtuse equilateral triangle

12)

In right triangles PQR and ABC, suppose that the hypotenuse AB has the same length as the hypotenuse PQ. What else would we have to know to prove these triangles congruent by the HL Theorem? (Hint: Draw a picture)

#13-15 Multiple Choice. 13) Which of the following is not a shortcut for proving two triangles are congruent? (A) SSS (B) ASA (C) AAA (D) SAS In the figure to the right, ABCD WGNI. What is the value of x? (A) 5.2 (B) 5.8 (C) 6.4 (D) 7.6

14)

G W
3x 6 13.2

A 9.6

D
11.4

B
N

16.8

I
15)

In the figure below, AD is perpendicular to BD, AC is perpendicular to BC, and AD BC. Which of the following statements is NOT necessarily true? (A) AC BD (B) AD AE (C) AE BE (D) DAB CBA (E) EAB EBA

#16-17 Find the unknown value using your knowledge of remote interior angles. Show your work!

16) x=

17) x=

#18-21: What ONE or MORE additional fact (that cannot be proven and is not currently shown) for each figure would be needed to prove the given triangles congruent using the triangle congruence shortcut stated?
G S H U

18)

SAS

19)

HL Theorem

____________________________

____________________________

20)

AAS

21)

ASA

____________________________

____________________________

#22-30 For each of the following pairs of triangles, you must (a) Name the triangle congruence postulate you can use to prove each pair of triangles congruent, and if they cannot be proven congruent, write NP for not possible and move on. (b) If they are congruent, complete the correct triangle congruence statement. 22)
B E

23) B

24)

N K R

D C

Postulate: BAN ________ 25) 26)

Postulate: ADB ________ 27) Z Y

Postulate: KPT ________

T C W

Postulate: ABC ________

Postulate: XWY ________

Postulate: TOW ________

28)

29)

30)

Postulate: ABC ________

Postulate: JLK ________

Postulate: DOG ________

31)

Complete the proof by filling in the missing reasons. Given: H S, GR bisects HGS Prove: GH GS Statements (1) (2) Reasons (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) H

H S, GR bisects HGS HGR SGR

R S

(3) GR GR (4) HGR SGR (5) GH GS

32)

Complete the proof by filling in the missing statements or reasons. Given: QS US, R = 90, T = 90, and S is the midpoint of RT Prove: QRS UTS Statements (1) QS US, R = 90, T = 90, and S is the midpoint of RT Reasons (1) All right angles are congruent

(2) _____________________ (2) QRS UTS

(3) _____________________ (3) Definition of a midpoint (4) (4)

33)

Complete the following proof: Given: RQ TQ and RQS TQS Prove: R T S

T
(label picture according to given info)

34)

Find the missing angle measures. a = ________ b = ________ c = ________ d = ________ e = ________ f = ________ g = ________ h = ________

b e f g 38

50

c d

85

Extra Challenge Given: Q is the midpoint of WL, WR // KL Prove: RWQ KLQ


W Q

L R