# Boyle was born in Lismore Castle, in County Waterford, Ireland, the seventh son and fourteenth child of Richard

Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork and Catherine Fenton.

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If we have a 1. the gas is released into the atmosphere where it reaches a pressure of 1. When the shock wave passes and the gas returns to a pressure of 760 mm Hg.0 x 106 atm.00 x 104 atm.00 x 104 atm. What is the volume of the gas after the explosion? 3) Synthetic diamonds can be manufactured at pressures of 6.00 atm and compressed it to a pressure of 6. what will be the volume of the gas when it is released from the tanks.000 liters has .0 liter tanks with an internal gas pressure of 3. Part of the reason that conventional explosives cause so much damage is that their detonation produces a strong shock wave that can knock things down. the pressure of 0. the shock wave can be so strong that 12 liters of gas will reach a pressure of 3. While using explosives to knock down a building. Everest can be as low as 150 mm Hg. then release the pressure until it is equal to 0.04 x 104 mm Hg. what will the volume of that gas be? 5) 6) 7) Submarines need to be extremely strong to withstand the extremely high pressure of water pushing down on them.050 liters of gas within the bomb casing reaches 4.00 atm. what would the new volume of that gas be? Atmospheric pressure on the peak of Mt. An experimental research submarine with a volume of 15.0 x 106 atm.00 L of a gas at standard temperature and pressure is compressed to 473 mL.8 x 104 mm Hg. what would the volume of that gas be? 4) The highest pressure ever produced in a laboratory setting was about 2. When the bomb casing is destroyed by the explosion.0 x 10-5 liter sample of a gas at that pressure. What is the new pressure of the gas? 2) In a thermonuclear device. If the climbers carry 10.275 atm. which is why climbers need to bring oxygen tanks for the last part of the climb.00 liters of gas at 1.Boyles’ Law Use Boyles’ Law to answer the following questions: 1) 1. If we took 2.

an internal pressure of 1. forming bubbles in their blood. what would the volume of that gas be? 3. the pressure of 0. what would the new volume of that gas be? 72.11 atm 2) In a thermonuclear device. What is the volume of the gas after the explosion? 2. then release the pressure until it is equal to 0.0 x 105 L 3) Synthetic diamonds can be manufactured at pressures of 6.00 L of a gas at standard temperature and pressure is compressed to 473 mL. If the climbers carry 10. the gas is released into the atmosphere where it reaches a pressure of 1.00 atm. then rises instantaneously to a depth where his blood has a pressure of 50.0 liter .33 x 105 L 4) The highest pressure ever produced in a laboratory setting was about 2. What is the new pressure of the gas? 2. When the bomb casing is destroyed by the explosion.0 x 106 atm.05 L of gas in his blood under a pressure of 250 atm. Everest can be as low as 150 mm Hg. If a diver has 0.00 liters of gas at 1.0 atm.00 atm and compressed it to a pressure of 6.00 x 104 atm.0 x 106 atm.7 L 5) Atmospheric pressure on the peak of Mt.00 x 104 atm.2 atm. If we took 2. how big will that bubble be? 8) Divers get “the bends” if they come up too fast because gas in their blood expands.0 x 10-5 liter sample of a gas at that pressure. If we have a 1. If the pressure of the ocean breaks the submarine forming a bubble with a pressure of 250 atm pushing on it. which is why climbers need to bring oxygen tanks for the last part of the climb.050 liters of gas within the bomb casing reaches 4. what will the volume of gas in his blood be? Do you think his will harm the diver? Boyles’ Law Use Boyles’ Law to answer the following questions: 1) 1.275 atm.

the shock wave can be so strong that 12 liters of gas will reach a pressure of 3.05 L of gas in his blood under a pressure of 250 atm.8 x 104 mm Hg. then rises instantaneously to a depth where his blood has a pressure of 50.04 x 104 mm Hg. When the shock wave passes and the gas returns to a pressure of 760 mm Hg. what will be the volume of the gas when it is released from the tanks? 2.0 x 103 L 6) Part of the reason that conventional explosives cause so much damage is that their detonation produces a strong shock wave that can knock things down. If a diver has 0.2 atm. forming bubbles in their blood. what will the volume of gas in his blood be? Do you think this will harm the diver? V = . how big will that bubble be? 72 L 8) Divers get “the bends” if they come up too fast because gas in their blood expands. what will the volume of that gas be? 600 L 7) Submarines need to be extremely strong to withstand the extremely high pressure of water pushing down on them. If the pressure of the ocean breaks the submarine forming a bubble with a pressure of 250 atm pushing on it. While using explosives to knock down a building. An experimental research submarine with a volume of 15.tanks with an internal gas pressure of 3.0 atm.000 liters has an internal pressure of 1.

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1691). 1627 . most notably Isaac Newton.the vacuum pump. mathematics. first studying at Eton and later travelling the Continent with a tutor and his older brother Francis. In performing the experiments which led to this generalization. The second edition of The Spring and Weight of the Air. In further experiments. apparatus and observations. He learned philosophy. and . religion. Descartes. while still in adolescence.Among the many contenders for the title of "Father of Modern Chemistry" is Robert Boyle (January 25. and deserves at least partial credit for the famous gas law which bears his name. was instrumental in founding the Royal Society. Today we are so accustomed to empirical science that we have difficulty understanding how one could attempt scientific work using only logic. philosophy. however. Previous pumps.volume inverse relationship which is familiar to every chemistry student as Boyle's Law. proving that air was necessary for the transmission of sound. he also proved that air was necessary for life and for a candle flame. invented by von Guericke (of Magdeburg hemisphere fame).perhaps most significantly . With it Boyle demonstrated that the sound of a bell in the receiver (a thirty quart vacuum chamber) faded as the air was removed. He was educated in the finest possible manner of this day. He assembled what we would today call a "research group".the new physics of Bacon. and the circulation of blood were to sway his thinking much more than the alchemists. Boyle used mercury in a J-tube and made measurements of the volume of the trapped gas at pressures both higher and lower than normal atmospheric pressure. Boyle published copiously on topics ranging across several fields of science.December 30. was published in 1660 and described experiments using a new vacuum pump of his design. the movement of planets. and Galileo. languages. published in 1662. Boyle's empiricism established him as a founder of the modern scientific method and his arguments were so persuasive as to win many important converts. Boyle was the first prominent scientist to perform controlled experiments and to publish his work with elaborate details concerning procedure. Boyle's pump could be operated easily and efficiently by one man. he chose the pseudonym Philaretus(Lover of Truth) and a life of scientific inquiry seemed almost inevitable. The Spring and Weight of the Air. Boyle's opportunities were almost unlimited. There is some controversy in naming the relationship after Boyle since much of the work was actually performed by his assistant Robert Hooke. As the youngest of fourteen children of the wealthiest man in the British Isles. non-empirical approach to science. Boyle was born in Ireland. The physical scientists and their new theories concerning air and vacuum. contained the pressure . the experimental concept . Boyle felt that his experiments confirmed a mechanical view of nature as opposed to the Aristotelian. and theology. developed a key piece of apparatus . His first major scientific report. However. required the strenuous efforts of two men and provided dubious results.

and devised a thirty item test for mineral water analysis. during a violent thunderstorm.. if water is an element then all bodies must contain at least a small amount of water. In addition. tested for copper with ammonia. He was a shy man with deep religious convictions. Boyle's best known contribution to scientific knowledge is the 1661 publication of The Sceptical Chymist in which he discusses the idea of an element. Furthermore. Boyle never married and from the age of 41 lived with his sister Katherine. In 1662 the group was chartered as the Royal Society which exists today as the oldest continuous scientific society in the world.originated with Boyle. Douch. He thus provided an operational method of classifying substances. he reported to the Royal Society on his attempts to change quicksilver into gold.. He believed in transmutation of the elements and in 1676. he experienced a religious conversion . He believed that he was near success in this endeavor. Robert Boyle was elected president of the Royal Society. In The Sceptical Chymist . He found that some substances did not change the color of the indicator and concluded that these were neutral. But he presented persuasive experimental evidence that most of the commonly accepted elements (fire. but declined the honor because the required oath violated his religious principles. The first use of the term "chemical analysis" is attributed to Boyle who used it in the same sense that we understand it today. It is noteworthy that Boyle was among the first to publish the details of his work. In 1680. mathematicians.e. mercury. tested for salt in water with silver nitrate. Lady Ranelagh. W. Boyle was dedicated to the idea of experimental proof of theories while Hooke felt that theories should appeal to reason. Aristotelian science held that elements were not just the simplest of all substances but were also necessary ingredients of all bodies. Boyle's idea of an element was somewhat vague and certainly not "modern" in the 20th century sense. He had been a pious youth spending some years in the care of the village parson. salt. Boyle makes a clear break with the alchemists' tradition of secrecy with his conviction and insistence on publishing in great experimental detail.e. i. all science should be experimentally based. Boyle had joined a small group of the most influential English scientists. i. he observed that all acids turned a particular vegetable indicator from blue to red and all alkalis turned the indicator green. including unsuccessful experiments. The motto of this prestigious organization. He performed assays on gold and silver. Then at the age of 13. water. "Nullius in Verba" means "nothing in words". philosophers and physicians who had been meeting weekly in London and in Oxford since 1645. etc) did not meet both of the Aristotelian criteria. Mr. In 1654. but Boyle was never able to abandon the beliefs of alchemy.

so it flows into the syringe. The standard measurements for volume and pressure are cubic meters and pascals (or atmospheres). These gas laws are striking. Typically. pressures and volumes. Paul. In a syringe. He wrote widely on religious themes and gave financial support to his his friend Edward Pococke to translate the New Testament into Malayan. The other two laws are Gay-Lussac's law and Graham's law. the pressure of a gas times its volume is a constant. Thelaw was discovered by Robert Boyle in 1662. the volume of a fixed amount of gas is increased by drawing the handle back. Although an ardent defender of the Anglican Church. One obvious example of Boyle's law in action is in a syringe. He was buried in the Church of Saint-Martin-in-the-Fields next to his sister. Boyle's law is one of three gas laws which thoroughly describe the behavior of gases under varying temperatures. It is not necessary to know the exact value of this constant to meaningfully understand the behavior of gases. It is clear that he contributed much more to the development of modern chemical thought. He saw no conflict between the two. Boyle's law states that the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to the pressure applied to it. He left a large portion of his considerable estate to charitable organizations. He was offered a position in the clergy but felt a stronger commitment to science. equalizing the pressure differential. but real gases behave closely enough to ideal gases that we can use theories applying to the latter to describe the former. early examples of how the behavior of physical matter can be approximated in a rigorous mathematical way. 1691. thereby lessening the pressure. he was tolerant of the religious views of others and in later years became particularly sympathetic to the Dissenters.not unlike that of St. In other words. No such gas actually exists. An ideal gas is a perfectly pure gas undergoing perfect elastic collisions with its container. The blood in a vein has higher pressure than the gas in the syringe. . Later the church was demolished and no record was made as to where his remains were moved. Robert Boyle has been deservedly called "a Mighty Chemist". Boyle's law is a basic law in chemistry describing the behavior of an ideal gas under a constant temperature. Robert Boyle is remembered solely for Boyle's Law. Robert Boyle died in London on December 30.