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Word Wall 1

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. Roscommon Ros-com-mon Ros-common
2. Mrs. Plainte Mrs. Plainte Capital Mrs. space, Plain-te
3. elementary el-e-men-tary ele like elephant, men, tary
4. a lot a lot TWO WORDS!!! You wouldn’t write “abunch” or “afew!”
5. there there shows where; t – here, as in here, there, everywhere
6. they're they’re contraction for they are—substutute they are when in question
7. their their ownership; the-I (as in I own it) – r
8. to to direction- To you, from me. Going to the store.
9. too too degree or also. Too cool! I’m going too!
10. two to number—Two birds with one stone.

Sentences:

1. Mrs. Plainte is a teacher at Roscommon Elementary School.

2. They're out there a lot.

3. Did she say their car has two doors too?

4. Mom yelled, "Go to bed now!"

Word Wall 2

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. weather weath-er (outside) three words—we at her
2. whether wheth-er (or not; two alternatives) w-he-the-r; NO “wheat” in whether
3. were were Were you notified? We were there.
4. we're we’re contraction of we are; say “we are” to see if it makes sense
5. it's it’s contraction of it is; say “it is” to see if it makes sense
6. its its possessive; The dog wagged its tail, not “it is” tail!
7. school school begins with sc like the word science; sc-hool
8. because be-cause never use ‘cause—it’s slang!
9. favorite fa-vor-ite favor-it-e
10. could could c-o(h)-(yo)u-l(ucky)-d(uck); would and should have the same
pattern

1. I don't know whether the weather will get warmer.

2. Could I take my favorite pencil to school?

3. We're certain the Roscommon Bucks were the winners.

4. My dad exclaimed, "It's howling because its tail is injured!"
Word Wall 3

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. divisible di-vis-i-ble di (meaning two) visible; capable of being divided
2. difference dif-fer-ence answer of a subtraction problem; quality of being different
3. sum sum answer of an addition problem
4. some some an unspecified number; Would you like some grapes?
5. forth forth to go forward
6. fourth fourth one quarter or denoting position; He placed fourth in the race.
7. cousin cou-sin son or daughter of aunt or uncle; NO “T” on the end!
8. sincerely sin-cere-ly in an honest or sincere manner; sincerely yours
9. does does spelled like the plural of “doe” the deer, not “dose”
10. product pro-duct (mathematics) answer of a multiplication problem

1. Is the sum of the fourth problem divisible by eight?

2. Tim said, “I sincerely hope my cousin does like you.”

3. Are you finding the difference or the product when you multiply?

4. “Some people came forth on the Mayflower!” Jill exclaimed.

Word Wall 4
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. finally fi-nal-ly fin--ally
2. niece niece i before e except after c or when it sounds like a as in
neighbor and weigh.
3. deceive de-ceive
4. ceiling cei-ling
5. neighbor neigh-bor
6. necessary ne-ces-sary like "recess" ary (and we can all spell RECESS!)
7. calendar cal-end-ar Cal ended his AR test (NOT ER! He's not a Doctor.)
8. certain cer-tain cert (like the mint) ain (like train)
9. principle prin-ci-ple values, truth, accepted way of behavior
10. principal prin-ci-pal highest rank (Mrs. McNitt or Mrs. Reyes☺)

1. The chief wouldn't deceive his tribe, as he was a man of principle.

2. "The principal finally met our neighbor," said Mom.

3. Did my niece give you a calendar?

4. Dad exclaimed, "I'm certain a ceiling is necessary in a house!"
Word Wall 5
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. beginning be-gin-ning double final consonant and add ing
2. Halloween Hal-lo-ween Hall--o--ween; double l and e
3. tomorrow tom-or-row Tom--Or--Row; three distinct words
4. Wednesday Wednes-day Wed--nes—day Don’t miss the NES in the middle!
5. whose whose ownership; whose mess is that?
6. who's who's contraction who is; who's that?
7. your your ownership; is that your mess?
8. you're you're contraction you are; You're nice!
9. fraction frac-tion fr--action
10. October Oc-to-ber Octo prefix meaning 8; October was 8th month on the Roman
calendar (our 10th month☺)

1. You're learning to do a fraction tomorrow.

2. Who's beginning to get excited about Halloween?

3. Mom exclaimed, "You will get your costume in October!"

4. "Whose birthday was last Wednesday?" asked Ms. Sheldon.

Word Wall 6
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. immigration im-mi-gra-tion im- prefix meaning into; migration-move
2. region re-gion large area; the polar region; the Great Lakes region
3. migration mi-gra-tion moving locations – not permanent as immigration
4. resource re-source something used to achieve an objective; natural resource
5. primary pri-mar-y first in a group; placed ahead of others. Primary source.
6. countries coun-tries change y to i and add es count--ries
7. families fam-i-lies change y to i and add es fami--lies
8. grudge grudge “dge” ending like budge, fudge, sludge—can you think of more?
9. pilgrim pil-grim religious traveler
10. weight weight i before e except after c or when it sounds like a as in neighbor
and weigh. W-eight

1. Was religion the primary reason for immigration to this region?

2. Many families hold a grudge against other countries.

3. The natural resource copper caused migration to the Upper Peninsula.

4. “An original pilgrim couldn’t bring a lot of weight on the ship!” Lisa exclaimed.
Word Wall 7

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. through through through the tunnel; th--rough
2. threw threw he threw the ball; th--rew
3. though though another alternative; th--ough Old Norse tho
4. thorough thor-ough complete; tho--rough
5. fright fright fri--ght
6. freight freight fr--eight; i before e except after c
7. height height h--eight; breaks rules! should be pronounced "hate"
8. are are are you going?
9. our our ownership; our home
10. throat throat thr--oat; oat ending like moat, goat, boat, and float.

1. "Are those our freight trains?" asked Dad.

2. Sally shrieked, "He threw the ball through the window!"

3. Though he was busy, the doctor did a thorough job examining my throat.

4. Do fright and height rhyme?

Word Wall 8

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. perimeter pe-rim-e-ter peri--Greek--about or around and meter--measure
2. congruent con-gru-ent agreeing
3. scalene sca-lene three unequal sides
4. equilateral e-qui-lat-er-al three equal sides; angle measures all 60º
5. isosceles i-sos-ce-les two equal sides on a triangle
6. circumference cir-cum-fer-ence outer boundary of a circular area
7. exclaimed ex-claimed ex--claim--ed; ends with exclamation mark!
8. believe be-lieve be--lie--ve; confidence in truth—there is a “lie” in the middle!
9. really re-al-ly in reality; actually
10. different dif-fer-ent not alike in character or quality

1. Does an equilateral triangle really have three congruent sides?

2. I believe a perimeter and circumference are different measures.

3. Bob exclaimed, "A scalene triangle has three unequal sides!"

4. The letter "V" is shaped like an isosceles triangle without a base.
Word Wall 9

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. they've they've contraction for they have
2. o'clock o'--clock of, by, or according to the clock; abbreviated "of"
3. aren't aren't contraction for are not
4. lying ly--ing change "ie" to "y" and add "ing"; long i sound
5. rhyme rhyme rh-"y"--me; long i sound
6. awful aw-ful "au" sound; extremely bad
7. awkward awk-ward "au" sound; lacking skill or dexterity
8. daughter daugh-ter "au" sound; female child
9. brought br-ought "au" sound; past participle for bring
10. although al-though in spite of the fact that---

1. There was an awkward silence when her daughter was caught lying.

2. “They've brought that awful liver paste!” Fred cried.

3. Although the words rhyme, I wouldn't use them in a sentence.

4. "Aren't you supposed to leave at twelve o'clock?" asked my dad.

Word Wall 10
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. said said past tense of say
2. January Jan-u-ar-y don't forget the "U" in the middle!
3. sign sign silent "g"; sounds like "sine"
4. picture pic-ture on the wall
5. pitcher pit-cher baseball; of water
6. discover dis-cover prefix "dis"=Latin for "apart"
7. conversation con-ver-sat-ion converse=to talk informally
8. probability prob-a-bil-it-y the likelihood or chance of something happening
9. colony col-o-ny colon-y or col—on—y; organisms in a group
10. degree de-gree unit of measure; deg-ree

1. Jane said," The probability that you will discover a lost colony is slim."

2. Did you ask the pitcher for the Tigers to sign across his picture?

3. The temperature in January should drop a degree or two.

4. "Your conversation was about me!" whined Bob.
Word Wall 11
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. vertical ver-ti-cal up and down
2. horizontal hor-i-zon-tal across the horizon; flat
3. February Feb-ru-ary don't forget the "ru" in the middle!
4. parallel par-al-lel lines that will continue forever without intersecting
5. conversion con-ver-sion to convert (change) from one form to another
6. numerator num-er-at-or the top number in a fraction; divisor
7. denominator de-nom-in-a-tor bottom number in a fraction; dividend
8. measure meas-ure a system or unit of measurement; me--a--sure
9. supposed sup-posed assumed as true—NOT pronounced “post” or suppost
10. independent in-de-pend-ent not controlled by others; in--de--pen--dent

1. The conversion of measure from feet to yards is not difficult.

2. Are the sun's rays more vertical or horizontal during the month of February?

3. The numerator and denominator are supposed to be reduced.

4. "The parallel lines are independent of one another," said Mom.

Word Wall 12

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. gram gram a measure of mass (g)—equal to approximately one Smartie ®
2. kilogram ki-lo-gram kilo=1000; 1 kilogram (kg) is equal to 1000 grams
3. liter li-ter liquid measure of volume—1/2 “big” plastic bottle of soda.
4. milliliter mil-li-li-ter milli=1/1000; 1000 milliliters (ml) = one liter of liquid
5. mass mass weight of a unified body of matter
6. volume vol-ume space taken up by matter
7. balance ba-lance state in which opposing forces cancel one another
8. definite de-fin-ite distinct limits or free from any doubt
9. compare com-pare to compare similarities between two objects
10. contrast contrast to compare differences between two objects

* For mass versus volume, think of one pound of steel versus one pound of feathers. While the
mass is the same (one pound) the volume, or space taken up, would be very different.

1. Is the mass of one gram of sugar larger than one kilogram?

2. “One liter of oil has a different volume than one milliliter,” Mrs. Mayes stated.

3. It is definite that one pound of lead will balance one pound of cotton.

4. Let’s compare and contrast the properties of liquid and solids.
Word Wall 13
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. patriotism pa-tri-ot-ism British--Patriot supported revolution; dedication to country
2. democratic dem-o-crat-ic political or social equality
3. diversity di-ver-si-ty different or unlike; diver--sit--Y?
4. equality e-qual-i-ty being equal; equal--it--Y?
5. justice jus-tice quality of being right or equal; just--ice
6. belief be-lief to hold as true; i before e except after c
7. liberty lib-er-ty freedom from foreign or unjust control
8. value val-ue relative worth, merit, or importance
9. sovereignty so-ver-eign-ty monarch; king, queen sove--reign—ty; reign means RULE
10. core core central or most important

1. Equality and diversity are related core democratic values.

2. Ben asked," Is a value based upon a belief?"

3. The Statue of Liberty shows our nation's patriotism.

4. Popular sovereignty allows us to vote for judges in the justice system.

Word Wall 14
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. characteristic char-ac-ter-is-tic specific quality of person or thing; synonym of trait
2. temperature tem-per-a-ture measure of heat or cold temper--a--ture
3. adapt a-dapt make suitable to environment
4. trait trait distinguishing characteristic; synonym
5. across a-cross (a krôs s) DO NOT PRONOUNCE "ACROST"!
6. positive pos-i-tive explicitly stated; no question
7. negative neg-a-tive expressing denial or negation
8. decimal dec-i-mal pertaining to tenths
9. raise raise to elevate---homonym=rays
10. rays rays plural; small beam of light

1. One characteristic or trait of frogs is that they adapt to changes.

2. "The sun's rays often raise the outside temperature," said my mom.

3. Can both positive and negative numbers include a decimal?

4. "Don't make a "t" sound at the end of across!" yelled Mrs. Plainte.
Word Wall 15

Syllables What it Means________________________________
1. congress con-gress meeting of representatives to discuss plans for future
2. repeal re-peal to take a law out of effect
3. petition pe-ti-tion written request signed by many people
4. boycott boy-cott when a group refuses to buy as a protest
5. militia mi-li-tia army of ordinary citizens rather than trained soldiers
6. revolution rev-o-lu-tion complete change; cycle
7. casualty cas-u-al-ty people killed or wounded in battle or war
8. propaganda pro-pa-gan-da information chosen to change people's thinking
9. delegate del-e-gate person chosen to represent a group of people
10. treason trea-son revolt against one's own government

1. Did congress repeal the new tax because of our petition?

2. Do you think the militia could have won the Revolution without a casualty?

3. "The awful propaganda caused a boycott on cell phones!" said Dad.

4. He was a delegate for our state before he committed treason.

Word Wall 16
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. affect af-fect to act upon; How does smiling affect your mood?
2. effect ef-fect end result; The effect of smiling is I'm happier.
3. accept ac-cept to receive; I will accept your apology.
4. except ex-cept to exclude; I like all your grades except that one.
5. amount a-mount cannot be counted; I put a large amount of sugar in.
6. number num-ber can be counted; A number of grains of sugar are on the floor.
7. anxious anx-ious nervous; The math test made me anxious.
8. beside be-side next to; put the glass beside the bed.
9. besides be-sides except or in addition to; Besides you, I have no one.
10. answer ans-wer response; That is the correct answer.

1. "I will accept any answer except that one," said Mom.

2. Crying to Dad did not affect his decision, and the effect of yelling was a trip to my room.

3. There is no one beside you besides me.

4. Does the amount of garbage a number of people dump make you anxious?
Word Wall 17
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. symbol sym-bol a character representing an idea; female symbol (♂)
2. cymbal cym-bal musical percussion instrument
3. piece piece part of a whole; A piece of pie.
4. peace peace state of tranquility; free from irritation
5. capitol cap-i-tol actual building government meets; the capitol is in Washington D.C.
6. capital cap-i-tal uppercase letter, assets, city where the capitol is located.
7. than than used to compare; That rock is bigger than this one.
8. then then shows time; I was ten pounds lighter back then.
9. good good adjective (describes a noun); That pizza (noun) was good!
10. well well adverb (describes a verb); He threw (verb) the ball well.

1. Will you visit the Peace Garden, then the nation’s capitol building?

2. It’s a good thing you can write a capital letter well.

3. “I can play a cymbal better than the snare drum,” Jim stated.

4. Mary exclaimed, “A piece of pizza should be our national symbol!”

Word Wall 18

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. radius ra-di-us center of a circle to the surface; 1/2 diameter
2. area ar-e-a measure of surface
3. diameter di-am-e-ter distance across the center of a circle
4. stopping stop-ping double the final consonant and add ing
5. quadrant quad-rant one of four parts of a plane
6. exercise ex-er-cise practice or training
7. privilege priv-i-ledge benefit; right earned
8. rubric ru-bric explanation of procedure
9. vacuum vac-u-um space devoid of matter
10. vegetable veg-e-table any plant whose parts are used as food

1. Would the radius or the diameter measure a greater area?

2. For our exercise, we ran from one quadrant to the next without stopping.

3. Mom said, "It's a privilege for you to vacuum my floor."

4. Even a vegetable could do the assignment with this rubric!
Word Wall 19
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. who who refers to a person; The girl who sneezed—NOT The girl that sneezed.
2. that that refers to an object; The book that I was reading.
3. which which pronoun; don’t use to refer to people—Which socks should I wear?
4. witch witch person that casts spells—has an ITCH
5. sit sit verb—to be seated; Please sit over there.
6. set set verb—to place; Please set your book over there.
7. anyway any-way DO NOT put an “S” at the end—not “anyways”
8. toward to-ward DO NOT put an “S” at the end—not “towards”
9. used to used to DO NOT omit the “D” at the end—not “use to”
10. aloud a-loud said out loud—Did I say that aloud?
11. allowed al-lowed permission—You are allowed to go to the game tonight.

1. I looked toward the witch who chanted the spell aloud.

2. “You are not allowed to set that mouse there anyway!” my mom exclaimed.

3. John used to sit by Brian.

4. Which sentence is your favorite?

Word Wall 20

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. government gov-ern-ment body having authority to make and the power to enforce rules and laws
2. republic re-pub-lic supreme power lies in a body of citizens
3. majority maj-or-i-ty condition of being major or greater; superiority
4. minority mi-nor-i-ty The smaller number; -- opposed to majority
5. legislative leg-is-lat-ive having the power to make a law or laws
6. executive ex-ec-u-tive whether king, president, or governor; the governing person or body
7. judicial ju-di-cial Pertaining or appropriate to courts of justice, or to a judge
8. federalism fed-er-al-ism power is divided between central government and states
9. national na-tion-al Attached to one's own country or nation
10. civics civ-ics The science of civil government.

1. In a republic, the majority rules, but minority rights are protected.

2. Is federalism the division of power between the state and national government?

3. "The three branches are legislative, judicial, and executive," said the civics teacher.
Word Wall Week 21
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. groan groan a deep, inarticulate sound
2. grown grown Having full growth; mature
3. whose whose interrogative or relative pronoun—Whose sock is this?
4. who’s who’s contraction for who is
5. patients pat-ients receives medical attention, care, or treatment
6. patience pat-ience The capacity, quality, or fact of being patient
7. weave weave To interweave or combine into a complex whole
8. we've we've contraction of we have
9. compliment com-pli-ment an expression of praise, admiration, or congratulation
10. complement com-ple-ment completes, makes up a whole, or brings to perfection

1. The doctor asked with a groan, "Whose patients are these?"

2. Who’s noticed how much we’ve grown this year?

3. Did you compliment Mom on her patience while you learn to weave?

4. An ice-cold glass of milk is the perfect complement to an Oreo.

Word Wall 22
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. independent in-de-pend-ent exercising a free choice
2. constitution con-sti-tu-tion fundamental law or principles of government of men
3. president pres-i-dent having the highest authority
4. governor gov-ern-or supreme executive authority in a state
5. supreme su-preme holding the highest place in authority, government, or power.
6. congress con-gress The collective body of senators and representatives of the people
7. citizen cit-i-zen A person, native or naturalized, who owes allegiance to a government
8. representatives rep-re-sent-a-tives group acting for another or others
9. democracy de-moc-ra-cy supreme power of government is retained and exercised by the people
10. senate sen-ate assembly having deliberative and legislative functions

1. Congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

2. Does the Constitution give the president and governor the power to enforce laws?

3. In a democracy, does a citizen vote for Supreme Court justices?

4. Dad said, "I want you to be independent when you grow up."
Word Wall 23
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. scarcity scar-ci-ty Insufficient supply or amount of something needed
2. entrepreneur ent-re-pre-neur Individual who starts a new business
3. export ex-port To send and/or sell goods and services outside of one's country
4. import im-port To bring in and/or buy goods and services from another country
5. economics ec-o-nom-ics study of choice and decision-making in a world with limited resources
6. opportunity op-por-tun-i-ty possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances
7. budget bud-get A financial plan for saving and spending money
8. consumer con-su-mer A person who buys economic goods and services
9. producer pro-du-cer person or business who supplies goods or services
10. resources re-sour-ces Land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship used in the production of
goods and services

1. Do we create a budget because we have a scarcity of resources?

2. We learned the definition of export and import in our economics class.

3. "An entrepreneur is both a producer and consumer," said Dad.

4. An opportunity cost is the cost of doing one activity instead of doing something else.

Word Wall 24

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. wood wood from a tree
2. would would I would like to cut the tree down
3. very very (adverb) truly or extremely—It is very hot. You are very lucky!
4. vary vary (verb) to differ or change—The temperature will vary from day to day.
5. soared soared to fly or increase—The eagle soared in the sky. Gas prices soared last winter.
6. sword sword weapon—the knight drew his sword
7. profit pro-fit Money made above expenses. I made a profit of $5.89 selling lemonade.
8. prophet pho-phet person speaking through divine intervention
9. decided de-ci-ded without doubt or question; to make a choice
10. attributes at-trib-utes characteristic of something—the attributes of a bird include hollow bones and
warm blood.

1. The prophet raised his sword and spoke of a very bleak future.

2. Would you like this necklace made of wood?

3. I’ve decided the attributes of plants vary greatly.

4. “My profit soared when I added sugar to my lemonade!” Jane exclaimed.
Word Wall 25

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. against a-gainst in opposition to; He was sanding against the grain
2. enough e-nough adequate need; ends in “ough” like rough and tough
3. important im-por-tant of great consequence; an important decision
4. known known k-nown; the “k” is silent; which other words start with silent “k”?
5. laugh laugh la-ugh; sounds like “laf”
6. music mu-sic ends in “ic” like “forensic” or “mosaic”
7. nothing no-thing no thing—means what it says!
8. often of-ten occurring frequently—I practice my Word Wall words often.
9. clothes clothes looks like cloth—es
10. people peo-ple ple ending like steeple or purple

1. “It is important for people to laugh at themselves,” Mr. Milne stated.

2. I often say I don’t have enough clothes.

3. Is your mother against blaring music in the house?

4. There is nothing known to cure the common cold.

Word Wall 26
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. community com-mu-ni-ty group of people living in the same area under the same government
2. exercise ex-er-cise think bending to an “s” when you stretch—bending to a “Z” is bad!
3. misspelled mis-spelled double s; double l—one of the most commonly misspelled words!
4. column col-umn “umn” ending like autumn
5. conscience con-science like con-SCIENCE! That voice inside that tells you right from wrong
6. embarrass em-bar-rass to cause shame or confusion; double r; double s
7. foreign fo-reign from another country; ends in “reign” for rule
8. library li-brar-y place set aside to contain books
9. incomplete in-com-plete in (not) complete
10. attendance at-ten-dance three distinct words; in-ten-dance

1. I may embarrass you if you misspelled conscience.

2. The attendance at the library is down because it is incomplete.

3. Did the community decide to exercise together?

4. “Should I write the foreign words in the left column?” Ted asked.
Word Wall 27
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. organism or-gan-ism form of life classified as animal, plant, monera, protista, or fungi
2. acquire ac-quire to come into possession of—a mammal will acquire hair
3. obtain ob-tain to acquire through request or effort—a bear will obtain habitat through force.
4. camouflage cam-ou-flage adaptation to help hide from predators; camo-u-flag-e
5. prey prey an animal hunted for food; The squirrel was prey to the fox.
6. predator pre-da-tor an animal that preys upon others; The polar bear is a predator of seals.
7. producer pro-du-cer (ecology) an animal that is able to produce its own food; i.e.-plant
8. consumer con-su-mer (ecology) an organism that feeds upon other organisms
9. decomposer de-com-pos-er (ecology) an organism (bacteria or fungus) that breaks down dead organisms
10. reproduce re-pro-duce re=again, produce=make; reproduce=to make again

1. Many prey animals acquire camouflage to help escape a predator.

2. Sam asked, “What if an organism does not reproduce?”

3. A food chain will have a producer, consumer, and decomposer.

4. “Grass will obtain energy from the sun!” Jeff blurted.

Word Wall 28
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. population pop-u-la-tion inhabitants of a place; the population of chipmunks in my woods is huge!
2. environment en-vi-ron-ment outside factors surrounding and affecting an organism
3. characteristics char-ac-ter-is-tic distinguishing factor or trait; Hair is a characteristic of a mammal.
4. evidence ev-i-dence belief or proof. There is evidence that wooly mammoths roamed Earth.
5. variation var-i-a-tion different form of something; There is variation in bird species.
6. advantage ad-van-tage position of superiority—Humans have an advantage over chipmunks.
7. location lo-ca-tion place of settlement or residence. Polar bears roam free in one location.
8. enable en-able to allow; The sun will enable the plants to grow.
9. similarities sim-i-lar-i-ties being like or resembling something. There are similarities among plants.
10. individual in-di-vid-u-al one; an individual penguin stood away from the rest.

1. The large population of coyote in this location offers them an advantage.

2. Is there evidence of variation in the polar bear environment?

3. “Similarities in dog species enable cross breeding,” Karen declared.

4. The characteristics of an individual house cat are similar to tigers.
Word Wall 29
Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. Earth Earth Capital E; proper noun naming the planet. Third “rock” from the sun.
2. observe ob-serve to watch or see; I will observe the meteor shower tonight.
3. reflect re-flect to cast back (light, heat, sound) The moon will reflect the sun.
4. orbit or-bit the curved path of a planet, satellite, meteor etc. around the sun.
5. cycle cy-cle complete circle; life cycle. What vowel sound does the “y” make?
6. satellite sat-el-lite a body revolving around a planet
7. capable ca-pa-ble having power and ability; You are capable of earning an A.
8. predictable pre-dict-able (verb) to tell in advance. An eclipse is predictable.
9. phase phase a stage in a process. What phase is the moon in?
10. apparent ap-par-ent readily seen; It is apparent that we are studying the moon.

1. “The orbit of the Earth is predictable,” Ben stated.

2. Can you observe each phase in the moon cycle?

3. It is apparent the sun is capable of heating our planet.

4. Jordan exclaimed, “My satellite will orbit Mars!”

Word Wall 30

Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. electricity e-lec-tric-i-ty electric charge or current
2. evident ev-i-dent obvious; it is evident we are studying electricity.
3. temperature tem-per-a-ture measure of warmth or coldness of an object.
4. thermometer ther-mom-e-ter an instrument for measuring temperature.
5. circuit cir-cuit a circular journey; a complete electrical circuit will light a bulb.
6. increase in-crease become larger; an increase in energy usage makes my bill higher.
7. decrease de-crease become smaller; I should decrease my usage so I save money!
8. energy en-er-gy the capacity of power; I have a lot of energy after I drink coffee.
9. attract at-tract bring together; My black pants attract dog hair.
10. repel re-pel drive apart; positive charges repel one another.

1. Did Chris use the thermometer to check the increase in temperature?

2. It is evident two magnets will both attract and repel one another.

3. Josie screamed, “Electricity is dangerous!”

4. If I decrease the flow of energy to the circuit, will the light go out?
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Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. battery bat-ter-y cells that produce current by converting chemical energy to electrical energy.
2. generator gen-e-ra-tor machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy
3. device de-vice a machine or tool used for a particular purpose
4. appliance ap-pli-ance device or control that is very useful for a particular job
5. transfer trans-fer to pass from one place, person, or thing to another.
6. compass com-pass A device used to determine geographic direction
7. force force The capacity to do work or cause physical change
8. magnetic mag-net-ic Having the properties of a magnet
9. friction fric-tion The rubbing of one object or surface against another.
10. conductor con-duct-or substance or medium that conducts heat, light, sound, or especially an electric
charge

1. A generator is an appliance that can transfer energy.

2. “Is a compass a magnetic device?” Seth questioned.

3. The force of two objects rubbing together causes friction.

4. Can a battery be a conductor of electricity?

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Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. array ar-ray (mathematics) rectangular arrangement of quantities in rows and columns
2. data da-ta a series of observations, measurements, or facts; information
3. analysis a-nal-y-sis the separation of a whole into its parts for study or interpretation
4. average a-ver-age the mean; the average of 5,6, and10=7 because (5+6+10=21, 21/3=7)
5. maximum max-i-mum largest number of a set of data; of 1,4, and 8, 8 is the maximum
6. minimum min-i-mum smallest number of a set of data; of 1, 4, and 8, 1 is the minimum
7. median med-i-an the middle number of a set of data; of 1, 4, and 8, 4 is the median
8. mode mode the most occurring number of a set of data; of 1, 2, 2, 4, and 5, 2 is the mode
9. probability prob-a-bil-i-ty likelihood of an event occuring; The probability that it will snow tomorrow is slim.
10. random ran-dom relating to an event in which all outcomes are equally likely

1. If I choose a card at random, what is the probability I will draw a two?

2. We had to find the maximum, minimum, median, and mode of the data set.

3. “The average is the same as the mean!” Beth shouted.

4. Does Mom know how to show the number six as an array?
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Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. multiple mul-ti-ple A number that may be divided by another number with no remainder
2. equivalent e-quiv-a-lent equal in value, quantity, significance; ½ and 2/4 are equivalent fractions.
3. expanded ex-pan-ded Writing a number to show the value of each digit; 456= 400+50+6
4. investigation in-ves-ti-ga-tion a careful search or examination in order to discover facts
5. prime prime a number with only two factors, one and itself; 3, 11, 13
6. factorization fac-tor-i-za-tion finding which prime numbers to multiply to get the original number.
7. notation no-ta-tion representation of numbers or quantities in a system by a series of symbols
8. factor fac-tor any whole number that will divide exactly into a given number
9. statistics sta-tis-tics collection, organization, analysis, and interpretation of numerical data
10. common com-mon belonging to two or more; lowest common denominator

1. Molly asked, “Should I write the multiple in expanded notation?”

2. Prime factorization requires you to find each factor of a number.

3. Should equivalent fractions have a common denominator?

4. Statistics requires careful investigation of data.

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Syllabication Things to Remember
1. acute a-cute Angle LESS THAN (<) 90°--a “cute” little angle
2. obtuse ob-tuse Angle GREATER THAN (>) 90°--think “obese”
3. reflex re-flex Geometry terms, angle GREATER THAN 180°
4. angle an-gle two rays sharing a common endpoint, called the vertex
5. angel an-gel a being, in human form, with wings
6. goal goal result or achievement toward which effort is directed
7. again a-gain once more; another time; anew; in addition
8. great great unusual or considerable in degree, power, intensity
9. heard heard to perceive by the ear; h-ear-d
10. hyper hy-per above average; what vowel sound does the “y” make?

1. “Is an obtuse or an acute angle greater than 90°?” asked Mrs. Plainte.

2. It is important that we achieve our goal for good behavior again.

3. My dad heard that she drew a great angel on the white board.

4. Bob yelled, “A reflex angle is greater than a straight line!”
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Syllabication Different ways to look at it
1. line line infinite—never-ending; has no endpoints
2. ray ray one endpoint, think of the sun’s rays.
3. straight straight Extending continuously in the same direction without curving
4. strait strait A narrow channel joining two larger bodies of water
5. intersect in-ter-sect (of roads or lines) to cross (each other)
6. segment seg-ment two endpoints; like a barbell
7. perimeter pe-rim-e-ter the curve or line enclosing a plane area; distance AROUND a shape
8. circumference cir-cum-fer-ence boundary line or distance around a circle
9. vertex ver-tex point at which the sides of an angle intersect
10. symmetry sym-me-try exact reflection across a line

1. “A straight line will intersect the ray Susan drew!” Mark exclaimed.

2. Is the perimeter or circumference the distance around a square?

3. The Mackinac Bridge is like a segment crossing a strait.

4. If you split an angle through the vertex, will you have symmetry?

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Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. estimate es-ti-mate to form an approximate idea
2. insufficient in-suf-fi-cient not enough for a particular purpose
3. statement state-ment Something stated; a declaration
4. table ta-ble a set of facts or figures arranged in rows and columns
5. construct con-struct (math) To draw (a geometric figure) that meets specific requirements
6. pattern pat-tern A design of natural or accidental origin
7. sequence se-quence (mathematics) An ordered set of quantities; 10, 20, 30, 40
8. relationship re-la-tion-ship the connection between two things
9. column col-umn Something resembling an architectural pillar in form or function
10 row row A series of objects placed next to each other, usually in a straight line

1. On a table, a row is across and a column is up and down.

2. The statement gave insufficient information to find an estimate.

3. “Is a sequence of numbers a pattern?” Mom asked.

4. I have to construct triangles with a congruent relationship.
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Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. noun noun person, place, thing, or idea (peace, love)
2. pronoun pro-noun replaces a noun in a sentence; Bob said it; He said it. Jill and Jo went; We went
3. adjective ad-jec-tive describes a noun; the purple shirt, his dirty, torn denim jeans.
4. verb verb action or state of being; the dog jumped, the dog is tired.
5. adverb ad-verb describes a verb. The dog jumped enthusiastically.
6. interrogative in-ter-rog-a-tive Asking a question or being of the nature of a question (Is he here?)
7. declarative de-clar-a-tive Serving to declare or state. (It’s hot outside.)
8. imperative im-per-a-tive gives direction or command (Shut the door.)
9. exclamatory ex-clam-a-tory statement that shows strong emotion (Look out!)
10. contraction con-trac-tion a word formed by omitting or combining some of the sounds of a longer phrase;
I will=I’ll; will not=won’t

1. I know the difference between interrogative, declarative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences.

2. Marcy asked, “Is hopped a verb or an adverb?”

3. Is there a word that is both a contraction and a pronoun?

4. “An adjective describes a noun!” Sean proclaimed.

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Syllables Different ways to look at it
1. annotate an-no-tate to add critical or explanatory notes to a written work
2. describe de-scribe To give an account of in speech or writing
3. explain ex-plain To make plain or comprehensible
4. demonstrate de-mon-strate to show or prove by reasoning or evidence
5. evaluate e-val-u-ate to find or judge the quality or value of something
6. sequence se-quence A following of one thing after another; succession
7. identify i-den-ti-fy To learn the origin, nature, or definitive characteristics of.
8. compose com-pose To make or create by putting together parts or elements

9. case study an analysis of a group or person in order to make generalizations about a larger group or society
as a whole
10. draw upon to get ideas or facts from something

1. After reading the case study, I was able to draw upon the article and describe an immigrant’s life.

2. Should I annotate the article so I can evaluate it and demonstrate my understanding?

3. I can identify the sequence of events leading to the American Revolution.

4. “You will compose a paragraph in which you explain your position,” Mrs. Plainte said.
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Syllabication Another way to look at it
1. into in-to Compound; what vowel sounds do you hear?
2. itself it-self The dog bit itself. Long or short “i”?
3. been been not “Bean” (unless you have an accent)
4. seen seen use only if connected with has or have; I have seen a bear
5. aunt aunt mother or father’s sister
6. English En-glish Capitalized
7. hour hour sixty minutes
8. friend friend like fri-end
9. are are Are you going? You are nice!
10. our our ownership—It is our dog.

1. Our friend has been learning to speak English.

2. Are you coming into the room sometime this hour?

3. Frank insisted, “My aunt has seen an alien!”

4. Eventually, the turtle turned itself over.

Word Wall 40
Syllabication Things to Remember
1. pennies pen-nies change the “y” to “i” and add “es”
2. noisy noi-sy “oi” vowel team—like “oink” and “soil”
3. noisier noi-si-er change the “y” to “i” and add “er”
4. lazier la-zi-er change the “y” to “i” and add “er”
5. sailor sail-or “ai” vowel team—ends in “or”, not “er”
6. decision de-ci-sion “sion” (shun) ending like “tension” or mansion
7. selection se-lec-tion “tion” ending like “fraction” or “congratulation”
8. rumor ru-mor long “u”; “or” ending—which other words end this way?
9. honor hon-or “or” ending like sailor—can you think of more?
10. pleasure pleas-ure “ure” unding; “plea” like please, “sure”

1. The sailor made the decision to drop the lazier person overboard.

2. Perhaps your cousin is noisy, but mine is noisier!

3. It would be a pleasure to sort the rare selection of pennies.

4. My mom asked, “Would a person with honor start a rumor?”
Word Wall 41
Syllabication Things to Remember
1. juicier juic-i-er Change the “y” to “i” and add “er”
2. funniest fun-ni-est Change the “y” to “i” and add “est”
3. avoid a-void “oi” vowel team; any other words spelled this way?
4. congratulation con-grat-u-la-tion misspelled irritatingly often; not con GRAD ulations!!
5. tutor tu-tor long “u”, “or” ending, not ER
6. error er-ror same “or” ending as tutor—not errER
7. nature na-ture “ture” ending—what other words end this way?
8. immature im-ma-ture im=not; not mature
9. season sea-son what vowel sound does the “ea” make?
10. captain cap-tain “tain” ending—what other words end this way?

1. If you are immature and avoid homework, you will need a tutor.

2. Does Mother Nature make oranges juicier during the rainy season?

3. “I bought the funniest card of congratulation!” Mom exclaimed.

4. The captain noticed his error when he hit an iceberg.

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Syllabication Things to Remember
1. potato po-ta-to pot-a-to—three words
2. person per-son human being; has the “on” ending
3. treasure trea-sure “ea” vowel team—what other words make this sound?
4. motor mo-tor “or” ending like “sailor” and “meteor”
5. breathe breathe like “breath—e”; “ea” vowel team makes which vowel sound?
6. sewed sewed NOT “Seaweed”; past of “sew” as with a needle and thread!
7. sweet sweet “ee” makes the long “e” sound; “sweat” is perspiration
8. paint paint “ai” vowel team makes what vowel sound?
9. squeal squeal “ea” vowel team; what other words have this long “e” sound?
10. injure in-jure “ure” ending—can you think of any other words with this ending?

1. “I saw a sweet potato with a motor win the race!” Brian exclaimed.

2. Did the toxic paint injure that person?

3. I couldn’t breathe when I found the buried treasure.

4. The woman let out a squeal when she accidentally sewed her finger.
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Syllabication Things to Remember
1. claim claim “ai” vowel team makes what vowel sound?
2. freeze freeze don’t forget the silent “e” on the end!
3. reach reach “ea” vowel team; any other words like this?
4. broad broad weird word—should sound like “brode”
5. fairies fair-ies plural noun--change the “y” to “i” and add “es”
6. bullies bul-lies plural noun—change the “y” to “i” and add “es”
7. royal roy-al “oy” vowel team makes what vowel sound?
8. dirtiest dirt-i-est superlative!; change the “y” to “i” and add “est”
9. blaming blam-ing drop the silent “e” and add the “ing”
10. phoning phon-ing drop the silent “e” and add the “ing”

1. “The dirtiest royal fairies claim an elf pushed them in the moat!” Mom read.

2. I am phoning because your daughter is blaming a group of bullies for taking her homework.

3. “Can you reach that broad piece of wood?” James asked.

4. I hope my tulips don’t freeze after Mother’s Day.

Word Wall 44
Syllabication Different ways to look at it____
1. hyperbole hy-per-bo-le extreme exaggeration—bike is faster than a bullet
2. idiom id-i-om figure of speech—hit the hay
3. onomatopoeia on-o-mato-poe-ia sounds like it is said—buzz, hiss
4. alliteration al-lit-er-a-tion repetition of initial consonant sound—cal's clever cat, cukoo
5. simile sim-i-le comparing two unlike things using like or as—he is as cute as a bug
6. metaphor met-a-phor comparing two unlike things without like or as—she's a rock
7. personification per-son-i-fi-ca-tion giving human qualities to non human objects—the wind screamed
8. paradox par-a-dox something seems true and false—more I learn, less I know
9. oxymoron oxy-mor-on combination of contradictory words—pretty ugly; jumbo shrimp
10. cliché cli-che overused phrase in language—no pain, no gain; work like a dog

1. Is “cute as a bug” an idiom or a cliché?
2. The poem had examples of personification, simile and metaphor.
3. “Paradox and oxymoron have an “x” in them!” Jill shrieked.
4. Cliché, onomatopoeia, and alliteration, are your last three words of the year!